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AKAQEMHA HAYK MOMQABCKOR CCP Hucraryy WCTOpHH KMeHH akanemnKa AH MCCP U.3. Aesum Kpax noaumuku aepeccuu gukmamypbi Anmonecky (19.X1 1942 — 23.V111 1944) Oreetcteennuia penaxto ontop weropHsscKnx wayK H.W. MEBEQEB KHWHHEB ,,WTHHHWA” 1983 63.3(4P) 7136 Peuew3upopawa peKoMeHaoBaHa K neyaTH AOKTOPOM HICTOpHYeCKHX HayK A. BLAKTOCRKOM B Monorpadun npogomxkaetca paccMotpeHne npo6.em, no.1y4HB- WHX OcBelleHHe B KHHre aBTopa «YuacTHe cpauiHcTcKOH PyMBHHH B arpeccun npotus CCCP. Mctoxu, naan, peanuzauna (1.1X 1939 — 19.X1 1942)> (Kuumues, 1981). Packpsisaiotca puyrpunoautiueckne, BHEWHEMIOANTHYECKHE, —COWMA/IBHO-3KOHOMHYECKHE I BOHHO-NOANTHYe- ckHe acneKTH TeMbI. Ha Goratom dbaktiyeckoM MatepHa.le noKasaHbt yuacTHe pyMBIH- CkOf apMHH B BOCHHBIX AelCTBHAX Ha COBETCKO-repMaHCKOM (poHTe; BaHanHe no6ex Kpacoi Apmun Ha dopMupoBaHie monuTH¥ecKHX Ha- cTpoennii B pymaicxon apMHH i pa3BHTHe BHYTPHNOAHTHYeCKOTO N0- AOKeHHA B PYMBHHH, 9BOMOUHA BHEWHeH NOAHTHKH NpaBAUUNX KpyroB CTpaHbl, OAbEM PeBOTIOUHOHHOTO ABHAKEHHA PYMBIHCKHX TpyAALLHXCA, BosriaBaneMbix KIIP; paccMoTpeHbl OKKyNauHOHHaA NOAHTHKa HeMel- KO-PyMBIHCKHX 3aXBaTUHKoB B 1943 — nepsoi nonopHHe 1944 r. H ocBoGoguTenbHaA Gopb6a coBeTCKHX .NOJef; MpoaHawH3HpoBanbl dak- TOpbl, ONpeserHBUIHe Kpax NOAHTHKH arpeccHu AHKTaTypbi AHTOHECKy. Pa6ota mpeactapaser HHTepec JaA HcceqoBpaTenei, 3aHHMAaIOULHX- ca ucTOpHe BTOpol MupoBof Boil, npenogaBatenel By30B H cpea- HHX WKOA, CTyReHTOB, NponaraHAHCTOB. The monograph by I. E. Levit «Failure of the aggressive po- licy of Antonescu’s dictatorship (November 19, 1942— August 23, 1944)» proceeds tackling the problems elucidated in the author's previous work «Fascist umania’s participation in _the aggression against the USSR. Its sources, plans, realization (Sep- tember 1, 1939 — November 19, 1942)», published in 1981. Internal political, social-economic and military-political aspects of the theme are revealed in the book. Rich factual material is drawn to demonstrate Rumanian ar- my's participation in the actions in the Soviet — German front as well as the impact of the Red Army's victories on the formation of political mood in the Rumanian army, evolution in external policy of the country’s ruling circles, the rise of revolutionary movement of the Rumanian working people under the guidance of the RCP. The book is also devoted to occupational policy of the German-Ru- manian invaders in 1943 — the first half of 1944 and to the Soviet people’s liberation struggle. The factors are analysed determining the failure of the aggressive policy of Antonescu’s’ dictatorshi The book is addressed to researchers, dealing with the history of World War II, teachers of higher educational establishments and schools, students. 0505030202—19 4. Hazareancrvo M755 (12)—83 «ltHunua», 1983 NPEAMCNOBHE Ucnoannaoch 40 aeT co HA BCeEMHPHO-HCTOpHyeckoit no6eqb coBeTCKHX BOficK Nog CtaaHurpagoM. Sta 6uTBa, B xofe KOTOpoh (alliHcTCKHM apMHAM Obl HaHeceH COKpy- WHTeAbHHH yap, 3aHHMaeT OcOGoe MecTO B HCTOpHH Be- aHkoH OtevyectBeHHow Bolin CopetcKoro Cosa H BCeli BTOpow MHpoBOH BoHHE. «Korga MbIl BCNOMHHaeM 0 pellla- yOWHX co6HTHAX BeauKoi OreuecTseHHol BOMHEI,— roBo- pun JI. WH. Bpexnes,—s Hae naMATH BcTaeT- 3HaMeHH- Taa CtaquurpagcKan OHTBa, KPOBONPOAHTHHIe GOH JeTa H ocenn 1942 roma. B atof GutBe Kpacnaa Apmua nposBuna TepoH3M H BOHHCKOe HCKYCCTBO, KOTOpble He 3Hal0T ce6e PaBHEIX B HCTOPHH BOMH, H OMepxKana GrnecTauyw noGeny. STHM O6bI0 NoMOKeHO Hayao KOpeHHOMy nepetomy BO Bce MHpOBOH BolHe»!. . Ha 6eperax Boarn 641 caoMseH MopadbHbli zyx cba- wH3Ma. PasrpoM apMHil BepMaxTa H efO COI03HHKOB Nod CrannurpaqoM BbI3Ba1 KPH3HC BO BCeM @balllHCTCKOM Jla- Tepe. [lo ocHoBania noTpacto nopaxenve wa Jlony x Boare poenHo-@awuctckyio PyMblHHiO — raBHyi0 col03- Huy THTAeposcKoH TepManuu B Boline npotus CCCP. Bsepruys ctpaHy B NYYHHY aHTHCOBeTCKOH BOMHEI, py- MBIHCKad ONHrapxXHA, KaK H THTNepoBLbl, mpecuesoBana KjlaccoBble H 3aXBaTHHYeCKHe WeNH: yHHYTOKeHHE NepBo- To B MHpe CouHasHcTHYeCcKoro rocyqapcTBa, 3axBaT Mon- Rapckoi CCP u paga o6nactei Ykpanucko CCP, ycra- HOBJeHHe PerHOHaTbHO rereMoHHH cbauiucTcKoH PympHHH B UepxHomopckom 6acceiine. YaepoBaB B Henpes3olieHHoe MoryllecTBO TepMaHCKOit apMHH, BOeHHO-dauluctcKan Py- MBIHHA PaCCYHTHIBaa OCYIeECTBHTb CBOH MlaHbl B »?. Tlaxe B nepsoi gekage Hon6pa 1942 r. oTaen HHO- cTpawHbix apMuit Boctoka renuita6a cyxomyTHHIx Bolick BepMaxTa elle MposomKa yTBepxKLaTb, YTO HaCTyMeHHE Kpacnofi Apmun, ecm H cocTouTca, To cKOpee Bcero «B nosoce rpynnit apMuit ,,llentp“, nozrotopka »%e HacTyn- JeHHA Ha lore He HaCTObKO MPOABHHYyNacb Beped, YTOGH npeanonarath 3fecb B OanxKahuem GyzyuleM... KpynHyIo onepaunior’. Korga ke npH3HakH HacTynenua Kpactoit Apmun Ha poxte rpynnit apMuii «B» yxe Opn HaaHuo, HeMelkOe KOMaHJOBaHHe He CyMeJO pasraLaTb HanpaBue- 'Cm: Jleeur H. 3. Yuactne camnctcKoh Pymunun p pofine npotns CCCP. Hctoku, naanw, peannsauua (1.1X 1939—19.XI 1942). Kuunnes, 1981, c. 219—228. ? «CopepuienHo cexpetHo! TonbKo a1” KOMaHOBaHHA!» Crtpate- Tua damuctckoi TepmManut p soive npotus CCCP. Jloxymewty 1 Marepuaaus. M., 1967, c. 391, 392. Tam xe, c. 430. 12 He TiaBHoro yapa copeTcKHX Bolick. HayanbHHK wta6a HeEMeLKHX CYXONYTHBIX BOCK reHepaw-noaKoBHHK K. Lleit- usep mucan: «Mp sce elle He 3HanH, Ha KaKOM y4acTkKe pacTanyToro seBoro cbaanra pyccKHe HaHecyT yap: Ha PYMBIHCKOM, HaxoguBuiemca 61H3 CtaanHrpaga, Ha Oosee 3aMaQHOM HTaJIbAHCKOM HIH, HaKOHeU, Ha BeHTepCKOM, KO- Topbli MpOTAHYJcA ewe Aanbule Ha 3anag». He ymaaoc, no npusHannto Leitusepa, onpexeruTb HW MpHMepHblit WeHb HacTyMeHHA coBeTcKHX Bolick’, Kak orMeyan Mapua Co- Betckoro Cow3a A. M. Bacuaesckuit, 1nub 12 Hoa6psa He- MelKaf pasBeqKa CAetala BBO, YTO «B CKOpOM BpeMe- HH CileqyeT OXKHMaTh HACTYMaTeAbHble onepallHH MpoTHB 3-H pyMBIHCKOH apMHH», HO He CMOra ONpesenHTb, KakH- MH CHJlaMH OHH GynyT MpeanpuHATH. . Tlnenenupit Ha Jlony B Konue Hos6pa- 1942 r. KomMaH- aup 5-i pyMblHckoM QHBH3HH reHepan Ma3apunn nogTBep- agua: «CocpegotoyenHe Takoli KpynHo Maccbhl BOHCK Ha CPpaBHHTeAbHO y3KOM yYacTKe poxuTa Ono mpousBezeHo B MOHOM HeBe2eHHH PYMBIHCKO‘O KOMaHJOBAaHHA, XOTA I HM@JHCb CBeMeHHA O TOTOBAWIeEMCA HacTynieHHH>®, Uto 3TO 6bIIO HMEHHO Tak, ABCTBY€T H H3 AOKyMeHTa, O3armaB- JeHHoro: «BuBogu, coctaBienHble BepxoBHbiM r1aBHOKO- MaHJOBaHHeM HeMeLKOli apMHH Ha OCHOBe ombiTa, BbITe- Kaloulero B CBA3H C KPYMHbIM PyCCKHM HacTyNeHHeM Ha Tlonckom poute». On’ 6b pa3zocnaH BNocenCTBHH KOMAHAOBaHHWO alllHcTCKHX YaCTeH H COeAHHEHHH, B TOM uncae pyMBIHCKOMy. B HeM, B 4YaCTHOCTH, OTMe4¥awocb: «XapaktepHble ocoGeHHOCTH NOZrOTOBKH pycckoro HacTyn- aeHHsA cnenyioulne: XOpoWlO 3aKaMyAHpoBaHHble BCe MpH3HaKH KOHUeH- TpauHH BOHCK, OCOGeHHO NepexBHxKeHHe OpoHeTaHKOBLIX coeqHHeHHit; Gesynpeytan peaH3auHA COeAHHeHHAMH, y4acTBOBaB- IWHMH B HacTyneHHH, OcOGeHHO GpoHeTaHKOBLIMH, MpHKa- 3a 0 3ampeuleHHH paguonepenay; NepeqBHxKeHHe BOHCK MOUTH BCerfqa B HOUHOe BpeMA; TWaTeMbHOe MPOUlynbpanve Bcero poHTa NyTeM BHe- 3aMHBIX BbIa3OK... MpOBeAeHHBIX (CHaMH JO NodKa) c Webi TOYHOTO onpexenenHaA ca6bix MecT dpouTa. Ita ‘ Becrpass 3. u ap. Pokossie peuenus. M., 1958, c. 165, 166. Tlepesog c axranfickoro. 5 Bacuaeecxud A. [eno sce xusHH. M., 1975, c. 246. © Wentpanbui apxus Munuctepctsa o6oponsi CCCP (aasee: WA MO CCCP), o. 229, on. 590, 4a. 35, a. 24. 13 PpasBegka 6oem ctaqa MacuiTa6HoH, 6pocumacb B raza TOMbKO 3a Ba DHA NO Hayana Hactynaenua...»’. JLo astoro xKe, «®, Korga noaBHach MpH3HakH BO3MOXKHOrO HaCTyNeHHA COBeETCKHX BOHCK, KOMAHJOBaHHe 3-H PyMBIHCKOi apMHH OTJa10 NpHKa3 O AONOAHHTEADHHIX Mepax NO yKpen.teHHIo OGopoHHTerbHOM NonocH. OHO BEIABHHYO OCHOBHEIe CHIBI AapMHH B MepBy!0 AHHHIO’, NONarad WMH, a TaKxKe XOpOUlo OpraHH30BaHHOH cHcTeMoi apTHsepHiicKoro orHA OTpa- 3HTb HacTynwenHe Kpacnoit Apmuu. Jana .nKBH_alHH BO3- MOXKHBIX MPOPBOB BO BTOPOM 9UleNOHe HaXOMHHCh CHa- uana 7-a KaBasepuiickaa wu 15-1 nmexoTHaa pyMbIHCKHe AUBH3HH, 3aTeM KOMaHfOBaHHe rpynnbl apMHi «!*. Yuactuuk Ctannurpaackoi 6uTBb, ObIBUIHH THTepoBCKHiL renepaa T. lépp cnezyiounm o6pa30m oueHHa uTOr nep- Boro AHA HacTynweHua Kpacuoi Apmun na KaetcKom Ha- Mpapnennu: «4-i PyMBIHCKHH apMeiickHi Kopmyc 6b pasrpomaen>'s, Ha oTfeqbHbix y¥acTKax coBeTCKHe BOii- cka MpogsBuHynch Ha 30—35 km!®, Ha yuactke npopbipa ioro-3anagquee r. Cepacumosuy uacTu 5-H TaHKOBOM apMHH NMepBoHayatbHO Mpo_BHraanch MegleHHO. XoTA B pe3ylbTaTe apTHsNepHitcKoro OrHaA o6opona 2-ro apMelickoro Kopnyca 6blla ye30praHH30Ba- Ha, COMPOTHBAeHHE MPOTHBHHKAa elle He 6bI0 NOAHOCTHIO cnomsieno. K 12 yacam sBoitcKa 5-i TaHKoBoH apMHH mpe- OgonenH NepBylo MOsHHIO ero raaBHO MomocH! OGOpoHL, NPOABHHYBUIHCh MpHMepHo Ha 2—3 km. Uto6n okoHYa- TeNbHO COMHTb CONPOTHBAeHHe Bpara, KOMaHJOBaHHe ap- MHH BBeJO B Gof noxBuxKHYy rpynny — 1-H wu 26-4 TaH- KoBble Kopmyca, ¥TO GbICTpO H3MeHHJO O6cTaHoBKy. TaH- KOBBIe COeIHHEHHA 3aBepUIHIH TaKTHYeCKHH NMpopEB oGoponst 2-ro apMefickoro Kopmyca x, pa3rpoMHB YacTH 14-H pyMblHCcKOH MexoTHOH QHBH3HH, OBICTpo yCTpeMHJHCb Ha 10f, NpoKagbiBaa MyTb mexoTe H KaBanepuHn. Ha or- QenbHbIX yyacTKax K Hcxogy 19 HoAOpA NepegzoBble YaCTH 5-f apMHH MposBHHyaHcb Ha 22 KM!7, Ha sesom gviaure 3- pyMBIHCKOM apMHH, Ha yyacTKe l-ro apMeiickoro Kopnyca, coBeTCKHe BOfickKa B NepBhit AeHb HaCTyNAeHHA NpOABHHyAWCh He3HayHTeTbHO. UactH copetckoh 1-H rBapdefickoh apMHH, aTaKOBaBlIHe MpoTHB- HHKa B HalpapeHHu TopOatosckoro, BCTpeTHH orHeBoe conpotuBsenHe Yacte 11-% PyMBIHCKOH MexoTHOM QHBH- 3uu. MenaenHo Mpossuraauch B nepBHii meHb Hactynne- “LIA MO CCCP, 6. 229, on. 590, a. 35, a. 19. 18 Jépp I. Moxog, wa Cranwurpay (onepatusxii o630p). M., 1957, c. 66. Tlepesoa c HeMeukoro. 16 Benukan no6eza Ha Bonre. M., 1965, c. 264. Tam oKe, c. 263. Hua H 4acTH 65-4 apmun Jlonckoro ponta. Ha ee yuact- Ke BMECTE C PYMBIHCKHMH OGOPOHAHCh HeMelKHe BOficKa. CopetcKHM BOHHaM MPHXOAHOCh OTPaxKaTb KOHTPaTaKH cnewHBwefica 1-f PyMBIHCKOM KaBaepHiicKOA AHBH3HH H3 pafioxa Meno-Knetckoro 4 npeogonesatb cHabHOe orHeBoe COMpoTHBeHHe mpoTHBHHka!®, Ha weHTpanbHOM yu4acTKe o6oponnt 3- pyMBIHCKOH apMHH, MexK.y O6OHMH y4acT- KaMH mpopbiBpa Ha JQony, ycumeHHble yacTH 5-ro apMeit- ckoro Kopnyca yepxKHBaJH CBOH NO3HWHH, NOBepHyBUIHCh qpoutom na 180 rpagycos H HMeA B TbIy pexky!?. Takum o6pa3oM, XOTA Ha pase yyacTKOB MpOTHBHHK NpogomKal yAepKHBATb NO3HLKH H OKAa3HBaTb ynmopHoe CONPOTHBJeHHe, B UWeNOM 3a AeHb HACTYNeHHA COBeTCKHE BoCKa NOOHAHCh 3HaYHTeAbHEIX ycnexos. YaapHan rpyn- nuposKa Oro-3anagHoro PpouTa NpopBasa TakTHYeCKylO o6opoxy 3-4 pyMBIHCKOH apMHH Ha JByx y4acTKax: Wwro- 3anaguee r. CepatbuMosu4y 4 B paitoHe Kaetckot, — # OTAeNbHbIe MepeNOBble YaCTH TAHKOBHIX KOpMycoB MposBH- HyaHcb Ha 20—35 xm. B xoge GoesHx selicTBHi copeTcKHe BOHCKa HaHeCIH NPOTHBHAKy Sompwof ypow B XKHBOM cHe H TeXHHKe H Ha4aH OOXOAHTb OCHOBHBIe CHIBI 3-H PyMBIH- CKOH apMHH Cc 3aMaqa H BOCTOKa. Onacascb okpyxXeHHA 9TOH apMHH H OHICTporo mpo- ABHKEHHA COBETCKHX BOMCK B 10TO-BOCTOUHOM HallpaBse- HHH, ¥TO Co3Za0 6p yrpo3y yaa 6-f HeMelKOM apMHH Tlayatoca, HeMeuKo-allncTcKoe KOMaHJOBaHHe pelllH10 BBeCTH B Goi CBOH ONepaTHBHble pesepBH: 14-10 HeMeLKy1O TaHKOBy!0 QHBH3HIO H 7-10 pyMBIHCKy!O KaBaslepHiicKylo AMBH3HW, a 3aTeM H 48-4 TaHKOBHI Kopnyc. Ha o9ToT Kopnyc, Kak oTMeyaet Jlépp, «Bo3naranuch Gonbulne Ha- Rex 2h», Ho on He onpaBsan Hx. 22-% TaHKOBaA AUBH3HA HEMUeB BCIO HOW Ha 20 HoAG- Pa, a 3aTeM H BeCh JeHb Besa TaxeNble GOH C YaCTAMH l-ro TaHkoporo Kopnyca Kpacnof Apmuu B6aH3H Ycrb- Mezseguuxoro. Tloneca Goabuine notepH Hu 6yay4H nNowTH OKpyxeHHod, 22-a TaHKOBad MHBH3HA He CyMena MpHocta- HOBHTb HaCTyMleHHe COBeTCKHX BOlcK. Bo BTOpoi Mos0BU- He dua 20 HonOps Hawn BoicKa opnagenn YctTb-Megpeauu- KuM?!, Bo w36exKaHHe NOAHOTO YHHYTOXKeHHA AHBH3IH '8 Beankaa noGeqa Ha Boare, c. 264. '® TIA MO CCCP, @. 229, on. 590, a. 35, a. 19; épp LP. Yxa3. COWL. 66. ” Tépp IP. YKa3. cou. c. 6 a {ta Mo CeCe. . 359, Son, 5041, a. 21, 4, 33." 2.1. 9. Mesut 17 KOMaHZOBaHHe rpynnb apMu «B» oTZano MpHKa3 oTCTy- MHTb H COCpegOTOUHTECA loxKHee p. Kyptaak. Tsaxkenoe mopaxkewHe notepnena uw I-A pyMbIHCKaa TaHKOBad MHBH3HA, HaNpaBlenHad Ha BHpyuky PyMBH- ckux yactei 3-i apmMuH. Bo BpeMa Hou¥HOrO § Maplla ona HaTOAKHYyJaCcb B NyTH Ha YacTH 26-ro TaHKOBOro Kopnyca Kpacno# Apmuu. O Tom, 4TO MpoHsoulio, pacckasan B Memyapax KOMaHg{Hp 26-ro TaHKOBOro Kopnyca reHepaa A. T. Pogun: «...noctynum0 AoHeceHHe OT pasBeZKH, 4TO TaHKH MPOTHBHHKAa NMOllH B CTopony hpouta — x r. Ce- paduMmosuyy. Oxa3anocb, utTo 1-A pyMBIHCKad TaHKOBaA AMBH3HA H3 paiiona Tlepenazosckni cnewinaa Ha (pout, Ha NOMOULb CBOHM NeXOTHIM AHBH3HAM. IIpHKasan B Ooi ue BcTynaTb. HMetb HaGmOgeHHe, He TepAA CONpHKOcHO- BeHHA. : TaHKoBan KOJOHHa NpOTHBHHKa, OHAA QO cTaHUMH HosouapHubiicKol, npomomKana ABHKeHHe Ha ceBep. A Mbl NoBepHyH cTporo Ha wor — Ha Tlepenazosckuit. Ta- kuM 06pa30M, THB PyMBHCKOH TaHKOBOH AMBH3HH 6BIIH OTpesaHH, GOoubIHHCTBO ee ABTOMALIHH Cc ropiouHM, Goe- MpHnacaMH H MpOAOBOABCTBHEM GEIIH NONpocty BKTOYeHBE B Hawy KOJoHHy. Bogutene mpoTHBHHKa OcTaBHAH 3a pyyem, nocaquB K HHM No aBtoMaTuHKy. Uto Kacaetca BPaxeCKHX TaHKOB, TO — MUHTeCb, ToyOuHKH, Aasbule, 6e3 roprouero H GoenpumacosB MHoro He HaBoleTe>”, B ToT xe jeHb, 20 Hoa6pa, K 16 yacam HalM BOMcKa 3axpaTHiH Tlepena3osckHi, pa3rpoMHB NMpH 3TOM WTa6 5-ro apMelickoro Kopmyca pyMblH. O6 sToM reHepan A. T. Poguu nuuet: «3axpayeHbl Macca MeHHBIX, BCA wTa6Haa JokyMeHTauHA, y3e1 CBASH, THMOrpadus, cKsa- Obl, TOCnHTab C PaHeHbIMH, Make xXmeGomeKapHa c xse- GoM, Macca aBTOMAalJHH H pyro BoeHHOw TeXHHKH>?3. Kak otmeyaet nanee A. I. Poguu, ataka n 3axBaT Ile- peta3oBckoro O6bIH HaCTOJbKO HeOKHAAHHEIMH, 4TO OH- wepbl pyMBIHCKoro wiTa6a, y6eras, ocTaBHH Ha CTOMaXx packphiTbe NankH wu OyMarH AA HCNOMHEHHA, OTHeEpTHe AULHKH, CeHb Cc KN0UaMH B ABepuaXx, a Ha Bellatkax — CBOH MYHAMpBI. TakHM oO6pa30M, JJHKBHZHpOBaTb Npophis Bolick 5-f TaHKOBOH apMHH 1oro-3aNagqHee r. Cepadbumosuy 48-my 2 Podux A. [. Koapyo okpyxenna. — B ku: Bursa 3a Boary. Boarorpaa, 1962, ¢ 136—137. 2 Bursa sa Boary, c. 137. 18 TaHKOBOMy KOplycy MpoTHBHHKa He yfasiocb. He cymMean 9TO CheqaTb H ONepaTHBHBIe pesepB, Opowlennwe 218 “1MKBHAauHH SpemH B OGopoHe 3-H PyMBIHCKOH apMHH B paitone Kaetcko#. B goxage lOro-3anagHoro poxta o HOMOpbCKOH onepauHH no pasrpoMy 3-H pyMBIHCKOA apMuu cka3aHo: «15.00 4. 20.XI npoTHBHHK BBen B Gol c py6exa Cennsanoso, UumopcKHit yacTH BHOBb mogo- wegwei 14-4 TaHKOBOH 2HBH3HH H 3-H MOTOPH30BaHHO AMBH3HH HEMUeB, MBITAaACb MpHOCTaHOBHTb HacTyneHHe uacteli Kpachofi ApMHH Ha 9TOM HanpaBaeHuu. Hecmotpa Ha 3HAYHTebHOe COCpemoTOYeHHe TAaHKOB Ha y3KOM yuacT- ke poxta (20 80 equHHU), OHH He peulHaH Hcxoza Goa 20.XI. Ataka TaHKoB 6bla OTOHTa HalHMH 4acTAMH, 3-2 MOTOPH30BaHHaA AHBH3HA HW 14-A TaHKOBaA AMBH3HA C 6o.bUWIHMH NoTepAMH ObIIH BbIHy2XJeHbl K OTXOLY B palon Bepxne-By3HHopKa, OTKy2a B JatbHeiwem nponommKann oTxog B HanpaBseHnn Kana, Kak oTMeyaeT BHZHBIH coBeTCKH HCcTe_oBaTeTb A. M. Camconos, xota 20 Hos6pa «TaHKoBble Kopnyca YOro-3anaquoro pouta He HMetH GorbUOrOo MposBHxKe- HHA, HO PelIHTebHEIMH H CMeJBIMH JeHCTBHAMH OHH Ha- HeCAH NopaxkeHHe onepaTHBHIM pesepBaM NPOTHBHHKa, B TOM 4Hcae 48-My TaHKOBoMy Kopnycy»?5, Drum 6bina npez- peweHa no cyTH cygb6a sce 3-H pyMBIHCKOH apMHH. Tloka nogBwxKHBle YacTH 5-H TaHKOBOH H 21-4 apMHH HaHOCHAH yap MO ONepaTHBHBIM pesepBaM (alllHCTCKHX BOMicK, COBETCKHE NeXOTHHUb! NPOLOMKANH TPOMHTb OCHOB- Hble CHIbl 3-H PyMBIHCKOH apMHH Ha yyacTKax MpopHBa. K ucxogy 20 non6pa G6blin pasrpomMsenn 14-8 mexoTHan AuBH3HA, 36-H MexOTHHIM Monk 9-4 nexoTHOH aHBH3HH, 89-4 nexoTHb nok 13-% nexoTHOH AHBH3HH HW 12-4 mexOTHBTL noak 15-H nexoTHo 2HBH3HH?, Bombuine noTepH moHecaH 4 Apyrue yacTH 2-ro u 4-ro apMelicKHX KOpnycoB pyMBIH. OnxospemMeHHo cTpeaKoBble coequHeHHa 5-H TaHKOBOH H 21-4 apmui o6xoauan 5-H apMelickHit Kopnyc u ocTaTKH 4-ro apMeiickoro Kopnyca pyMbIH c 3aMajla Ww BOCTOKa C WeNbIO HX OKpyxXeHHA B paiione PacnonuncKon?’. TY. Tépp muwer, yto nocne mByxaHeBHEIX 60eB «3-5 PYMBIHCKaA apMHA Nepectata OKa3bIBaTb OpraHH30BaHHoe * IIA MO CCCP, @. 229, on. 590, a. 35, a. 20. 5 Camconoe A. M. Craamurpagckaa 6xTBa. M., 1968, c. 384. > LIA MO CCCP, @. 229, on. 590, a. 35, 1. 19—20. 7 Beankaa no6eaa Ha Boare, c. 269. 2* 19 COMpoTHBaeHHe» H OblNa MpHHyxXJeHa HacTyMaBLIHMH Co- BeTCKHMH BOMCKaMH «Kk OercTBy»®*. Tlo yTBepxqeHHIO Llefitunepa, «pyMblHCKHA poHT NpegctaBaan coboh neya- ‘IbHy!0 KapTHHy MowHoro xaoca Hw Gecnopagka»®. «Ben PYMBIHcKaA apMHA, — 3akmo¥aeT yyacTHHK CranHurpan- cKoH OuTBH, ONBWHA O*uuep-pasBeAyHk 6-A apmun Ilay- asoca VW. Bugep, ropopa o 6oax Ha yyacrke Knetckan— Cepapumosuy, — nonana B Kpopasylo MacopyOKy u tak- THYeCKH Mepectaa cyulecTBOBaTb>*, 20 Hos6pa Ha pyMBIHCKHe BOficKa o6pyunica elle ogHH yaap. B stoT geHb Boicka CranuurpagcKoro ppoxta TlepelliH B HaCTyNeHHe, MpopaBaB oGopony 4-H PyMHH- CKO apMHH B HeCKOJbKHX MecTax. ITO MpousBeo oUle- AOMAAlOUlee BNeYaTAeHHe Ha NPOTHBHHKA, He O%KHAaBUIerO TyT yfapa co croponst Kpacuoi Apmuu. Kak u wa cepep- HOM y4acTke @pouTa, coObITHA Ha lore Ppa3sBHBasIHCb MOJ- HHeHOCHO. YTPOM Moce MOUHOH apTHANepHiickoH mogro- TOBKH YacTH 51-H coBeTcKOH apMHH mNpopBatH oGopony NpoTHBHAKa MexAy o3epamH Capna ni Llaua wu Hayann TeCHHTb MpoTHBocTosuHe HM 90-f nH 92-H nonkH 18-H ne- XOTHOH MHBH3HH, a TaKkxKe YacTH 1-H MexoTHOH AHBH3HI pyMbiH. O2HOBpeMeHHO Nepelliun B HacTyNeHHe coeqHHe- Hua 57-1 apMuH, HaHOCA yZapH no 83-my MexoTHOMy Now- ky 20-H mexoTHOH AHBH3HH H YacTaM 2-H nexOoTHOH AuBH- 3HH PyMBIH. 64-1 CoBeTCKaa apMHA Ha¥ala npopHiB Bpa- 2KecKoH O6oponb! B 14 yacop 20 muHyT. CrpemuTenbHEIM yapoM oHa cMasa Goesble NopagkH 98-ro mexoTHOrO No.- ka 20-4 pyMbIHCKOfi nexoTHOM AHBH3HH H MpOABHHyacb Ha HeCKOJbKO KHJOMeTpoB*!. Kak ormeyaeTca B oTYeTe 64-% apmun o CtTanHHrpadckoH onepalun, «mpoTHBoctToa- uaa 20-8 NexXoTHaA AMBH3HA PyMBIH 3a OAHH eHb Goa notepasa cBpiue 1000 yenoBeK TONbKO yOuTHIMH H MOUTH Bc apTHsnepHior®, Ha yuactkax mpopbiBa BpaxecKoh OGopoHb! coBeTcKoe KOMaHJOBaHHe BBetO B Ooh 4-H MeXaHH3HpOBaHHH W 13-4 TaHKoBbli Kopnyca. JlomMaa conpoTHBeHHe MpoTiB- HHKa, Hall TaHKOBble YaCTH If MOTOMeXOTa He Japan * Tépp [. Yaz. cou, c. 70. 2 Poxosise pewenna, c. 169. % Budep Hoaxus. Katactpopa xa Boare. Bocnomunanna odtue- pa-paspeayiika 6- apwim Tayzioca, M., 1965, ¢. 29. 8 LIA MO CCCP, ¢. 220, on. 451, a. 166, 3. 21. % Taw Ke, h. 341, on. 5312, a. 145, a. 81. eMy 3AKPeNHTbCA Ha MPOMEXYTOYHHIX NOSHWHAX, NepexBa- THBaNH erO KOMMYHHKauWH, pacceKanH Ha OTJeJbHBe TpynN ero coeAHHeHHA, a 3aTeM HaHOCHAH HM yaaphl C cpouta, aanra nu Tha. JIMmeHHbie ynpaBseHHa, Bpaxe- ckKHe BOHCKa TepamH CnocoGHOCTh K COMPOTHBTeHHWO H B GecnopaaKe OTCTyNasH. Crapascbh NpHKpHTb Gpeuib B OGopoHe 4-4 pyMBlHCKOH apMHH, KOMaHJOBaHHe 4-H HeMellKOH TaHKOBOH apMHH 6pocuio B Gol cBow pesepp — 29-10 MoTOpH30BaHHy10 AMBH3HI0, HO H OHA He CMOraa cnacTH nonoxeHHe. JIoman CONPOTHBeHHe MPOTHBHHKa, COBeTCKHe BOiCKa MposBuHy- aucb yepe3 TInogosutoe Ha A6raHeposo. «IloTepaBmiHi yacTHYHO Goecnoco6uocTh 6-% pyMBIHCKHH apMeHCKHH Kop- nyc, — numer Jlépp, — 6b pa36uT, ero octapulneca nospa3qereHHaA OTOWAH B paioH HaceneHHoro NMyHKTa Axcai. [lpx 9ToM oH oromHa caaHr ocTaHoBHBUWeroca y Maa. Jlep6eTbt HeaTakoBaHHOoro npaBoro coceza — 7-ro PYMbIHCcKOrO apMelickoro Kopnyca»®®, Takum o6pa30M, B pe3yibTate MByXAHEBHHIX HaCTyNaTebHBIX Goes yapHble rpynnbt Cranuurpagckoro poxuta pasrpomuan 1, 2 uw 18-10 PYMBIHCKHE MeXOTHbIe AHBH3HH, HaHECAH TAKeNoe Nopaxe- Hue 20-4 pyMBIHCKOH NexoTHOH H 29-1 HeMelKOH MOTOpH- 30BaHHOH QHBH3HaM™. J/épp nmpusHaet: «Korga renepaat Konctantunecky B cepequHe gua 21 HosGpA mpHHAN Ko- MaHfoBanue (4-4. — H. JI.) apMueli, oHa yoke HanosoBH- Hy 6bla pa36uTa»s, Otpe3aB HeMeLKHe JHBH3HH, JefictBoBaBuHe y Crta- AWHTpana, OT HaXOAMBUIHXCA Ha QsaHre B KaJMBILKHX CTeNAX PYMBIHCKHX BOCK, OCHOBHBI€ CHIBI COBETCKHX Nod- BHKHBIX YaCTeli HACTyNaM Ha CeBepo-3anad, B HaNpaBae- Hun r, Kanay, apyrve npofomxKann gpurateca Ha Axcait u YManueso. TlonbitkH HeMeUKO-PyMBIHCKOrO KOMaHJOBa- HHA MpH NOMOWH NorKoB 5-H u 8-H PyMBIHCKHX KaBa.le- PHHcKHX DHBH3HH 3aKpbITb Opellb, O6pazoBaBllyioca MerxK- ay 6-M u 7-m apMelickHMH KOpnycaMH PyMBIH, He yBeH¥a- <‘licb ycnexom. Beyepom 21 Hoa6pa 7-H pyMbIHCKHHt apMelickuit Kopnyc cyan Ha cCBOeM ceBepHoM paanre Manpe Jlep6etht 4 npogomkan oTctynate Ha tor B pation YManyeso, Keruenepbl. 6- apMelickHi Kopnyc % Tépp P. Yas. cou. ¢. 72. % Yctopua Beanxoit OrevectsexHoi polinst Cosetcxoro Cow3a 1941—1945 rr., 7. 3, c. 39. % Wépp LF. Yxa3. cou., c. 73. 2 MO HATHCKOM COBETCKHX BOMCK OTCTYNan B HanpaBleHHH KoteabHHKOoBCKoro. Kak u 3-8, 4-4 pyMbIHCKad apMHA H cpaxkaBUIHeca BMecTe C Heli HEMelKHe JHBH3HH HeECAH TAXKeIbe NoTepH. B naew cqapanuch uenbe 4YacTH Hw NOzpaszenenna. Tax, B 6ol0 NpH B3ATHH CTaHWHH THHTyTa MOAHOCTbIO CAaJca B Nien Nok 2-4 nexoTHOH HBH3HH PyMBIH BO rape c KOMaHaupom monka**, Kak oTMeyaeTca B oTuYeTe wTa6a Cranuurpagckoro @pouta ‘0 HosGpbcKoH omepauHH lo pasrpomy cpauiucTcKHx BOHCK, K HCXOAy AHA 22 HoAOpA B pe3ybTaTe TpexXfHeBHHIX 6oeB ObI0 3axBayeHo Gonee 10 THC. NeHHEIX, B OCHOBHOM PyMBIH, H 3HAUHTe/bHBIe TpoceH, B TOM YHCNe CKaqb OpyxXuA H GOoenpHnachl Ha cTanunn A6raneposo*”. B crane npoTHBHHKa wapuaa manuka. Jlemopanu3opan- Hble CONLATH H OUUepH! pasrpOMNeHHHIX PyMBIHCKHX MH- Bu3Hit 3-H Hu 4- apMHH, IMUIb Koe-rfe OKa3bIBaA Compo- THBeHHe, CTapanuch cnacTHch GercTBOM. Caugetenb 3THX COOHITHH, ObBUIHH ocpHUep BepMaxTa TeapMyt Beabu, copepuiHBuHit B Te HH Moe3aKy No ze- alam cayK6n Br. Kanay, Tak onucbiBaeT CBOH BCTpeyH Cc OTCTYMarOWMHMH PYMBIHCKHMH COJMaTaMH: = «...MHMO Hac TWleTyTCA ee ABHXKYUKECA XKHBbIe TeHH C OTKPBITHIMH H 3aKpHITHMH ria3aMu. Hm pce paBHo, Kyla mpuBefeT UX 3Ta fopora. Onn GeryT OT BOMHEI, OHH XOTAT CMaCTH CBOIO 2u3Hb. A Bce OCTaIbHOe He HIpaeT HHKAKOH pou... TlouctuHe «pa36uTo Bolicko B Myx H Mpax». STH cnoBa 3ByYaT 3fecb Bone yMecTHo. Jlna xyMoxKHHKa, 2Kesal0- ulero PHCOBaTb OTCTyMNeHHe, TYT KWBaA HaTypa, pacta- HYBUUAaACA Ha MHOTHe KHJOMeTPH>*8, Crpax, maHHka, pacTepa@HHOCTb CTaqH OXBaTHIBaTb H Hemeukue Boitcka. Tlomkopunk B. AgaM, KOTOpHii, 3aHH- Mach MepeOa3HpoBaHHem wiTa6a Tlayioca, HaxogHsca B 3TH Hu B Huxkne-Unpckol, kya cTeKanucb oTcTynatoulHe PYMBIHCKHe H HeMeUKHe BOficka, NHCam: «...B aHxopago4- HOM CTpeMJIeHHH cMacTH COOCTBeHHY!O XKH3Hb JOH OCTaB- 4AAH BCe, YTO Melllano NocnemHoMy GercTBy, 6pocanH 96 Epemenxo A. H. Ctaauurpag. 3anuck KoMaHgyioulero ¢poH- tom. M., 1961, c. 355; Beaukas no6ega Ha Bonre, c. 273. 7 LIA MO CCCP, @. 220, on. 451, a. 166, 2. 30; Epesenxo A. I. Yka3. cow, c, 352. % Beasy Feasmyt. Coanattl, KOTOpbIx mpenanv. Sanuckn 6b1B- wero oduuepa BepMaxta. M., 1965, c. 118, 119, 121. Tlepesog c HemeuKoro. 22 opy2kHe H CHapsKeHHe, HeMOABHXKHO CTOAIH Ha Aopore MaLIHHbI, MOJHOCTbIO: 3arpyxKeHHble GoenpHnacaMH, nove- BbIe KYXHH H MOBO3KH H3 06034 — Befb BepXOM Ha BBI- NpAXKeHHBIX NOWATAX MOKHO Ono ObicTpeH ABHTaTECA pnepeg. Jukui xaoc wap B Bepxne-Unpcxol. K 6eraze- uaM 43 4-H TaHKOBOM apMHH MpHCOeAHHHAHCh JBHTaBLiHe- cA c ceBpepa comgaTH H oduueph 3-H pyMBIHCKOH apMHH H TBIMOBLIX c1yK6 11-ro apMelickoro Kopnyca. Bce oun, OXBayeHHble NaHHKOM H OllaneBUIHe, OBIMH NOxOxKH Apyr Ha apyra. Bee 6exkasH B Huxkne-Unpcyio»®, B To BpeMA Kak NOABHXKHBe YacTH H CoequHeHHA lOro- 3anaguoro u CtTaquurpagckoro poHToB cTpeMHTebHO NposBHranch HaBCTpedy Apyr Apyry, cosqaBan yrposy noaHoro oKpyxenua 6-4 noneBpoi HW YacTHUHO 4-% TAaHKOBOH apMHit THTJepoBleB, CTpeaKoBHe coezuHerua lOro-3anan- Horo u JLoncKoro @poHToB 3aBepwHAH O6xos 5-ro H ocTaT- KOB 4-fO PyMBIHCKHX apMeiicKHx KopnycoB c 3anaqa u Boctoka. K ucxogy 21 HoaGpa B pattone Bepxne-Domuxnu- ckoro, )KupKos, Bepxue-Yepenckoro, Bepxue-Conomakos- ckoro, Pacnonunckoh, Ba3skosckoro MAOTHHIM —_KOJIbIIOM 6ObliH OKpyxKeHb! 5-a H 6-A MexOTHHIe AHBH3HH, 22-h H 7-i1 NexoTHble NoKH 13-4 guBH3HH, 10-4 H 25-H mexoTHBIe NoakH 15-f QHBH3HH, OCTATKH paHee pasrpoMJeHHOH 14-4 NexoTHOH QHBH3HH, 5-H Hw 8-H TAXxKeTbIe apTHANepHicKHe noakn’®, B pafione Manan JlonujHHkKa BMecTe C 4YaCTAMH 22- TaHKOBOH QHBH3HH HeMUeB WeHOIO GoubUIHX NoTepb NpoGuBanuch H3 OKPy2KeHHA OTJeMbHHIe YacTH 15-H py- MBIHCKOH nexoTHoH HBH3HH*!. JIHuIb YactH I-ro apMei- ckKoro Kopnyca pyMBIH yaviocb B TeyeHHe 21 nv 22 Hom6pa HECKONbKO CAepxKaTb HacTyMeHHe COBeTCKHX BOMCK Ha py6exe Hwxne-Kamunckoro—Aroguoro, HO HeHagouro. 3aHaB BO BTOpoH MooBHHe AHA 22 HomOpa UepHEmes- exyio, UnctaKosckyio, Jemun, Kamenky, copetckve poficka CTaH TpOMHTb THB 9-H H 11-H PyMBIHCKHX MeXOTHEIX AMBH3HH, 3aCTAaBAA HX OTCTyNaTb*?. Vispectua o coOsitHax Ha Jlony wu nog Cranuurpagom Noctynuan Bp Byxapect B nepppit xe jeHb HacTynieHua coperckux Bolick. 19 Hos6pa opraHmt CneynasbHol cayx- 8° Ada B, Tpyanvie pewenns, 13. 2. M., 1972, c. 176. Tepesor © Wemeuxoro. “ LA MO CCCP, @. 229, on. 590, a. 35, 1. 19—20. “Tam xe, a. 21 ” Tam owe, 1. 19; Casconoe A. M. Yxa3, cou., c. 402. 23 6 HHpopMauHH (CCH) coo6uman, uTO «MpoTHBHHK, nod- epKanubli TankaMu, Haan HacTyneHHe Ha MHOTHX yuactkax», 4To 7-H H 89-f pyMBIHCKHe MeXOTHBIe NOKH «otctynHiH Ha 500 M, 3aHAB Apyrue mosHuun». Ha BTopow geHb CCH us3pectHna o mpopyiBe poHta 1oxKHee Cranuurpagta, 0 «TaxKeTOM NonOwKeHHH 2-4 HBH3HH>, O «KPYNHOM HaCTYNJeHHH MpOTHBHHKa, NOAMepxKanHoro TaH- KaMH, Ha yuacTKax 2, 5 HW 4-ro PyMBIHCKHX apMeicKHX kopnycos>**. TlepponayanbHo mpaButeiH BoeHHO-amuctcKo Py- MBIHHH He JONYCKasIH MBICIH, YTO BCe 9TO MOXKET 3aKOH- YHTbCA MOJHBIM pa3srpoMoM. OHH O6biH yBepeHbl, YTO C MOMOMIbIO HEMeUKOTO COWW3HHKA BCe ylagHTca. 21 HomOpA AnToHecKy NogTBepAWA NpHka3 KOMaHAyloulero rpynnok ap- muit «B» revepat-noaKoBHHka Beixca o TOM, ¥TO BOlcKa AONKHE cpaxkaTbca «fo Kona»‘s. B co3zapulelica Toraa CHTYalHH 3TO O3HaYa0 MpHHeCTH B XKepTBY PYMBHCKHX comgat 3-H 4 4-H apmui. CKppiBad oT Hapoda NonoxKeHHe Ha @poute, pyMHHCKad GypxXya3sHaa Mmpecca B 9TH AHH meyaTaqa XBaCTAWBHe CBOAKH HeMellKOro KOMaHJOBaHHA, B KOTOPHIX roBopHuiocb, YTO Ha BoctoKe BesyTCA ycneuHBe OGopoHHTebHbIe GOH H «GoubUeBHCTCKHe BOiicKa> TepnAT OHO NopaxkeHHe 3a ApyruM. HeGesbispectHaa HalMOHaJH- cTHYecKad razeta «YHHBepcy.», HalpHMep, Mucata o 6oax 3a 19—22 wos6pa: «...qanekuit Cranuurpaq j0xKHBaeT nocneqHve QHH...», «...BCe aTaKH, HaNpaBleHHble mpoTuB NO3HUHA PyMBIHCKHX BOHCK, ObIH CBeJeHBI Ha HeT, pellH- TeAbHBIM O6pa30M OTOHTEI, H GONbUIeBHKaM MpHUHHeHEE 6oabulve notepH... Basupyscb Ha Mpouliom onbite, — yT- Bepx ala razeta, — B OepsHHCKHX Kpyrax cnokodHeAWHM 06pa30M B3HpaloT Ha HOBble HaCTyNMaTeIbHbe HaMepeHHA GombuieBHKoB...»*° “3 Llentpanbubii rocyjapcTsewHulit apxup Mongascxoh CCP (masee: UTA MCcP), @. Muxpopuasmer pyMBucKnx goKyMextos. SSI, Esalonul 1, 19 Noembrie 1942. Nota informativa. “ Tam xe. 20 Noembrie 1942. Nota informativa. 43 Balteanu B. Influenta bataliei de la Stalingrad asupra situa- tiei politice din Romania. — Analele Institutului de istorie a Parti- dului de pe linga C. C. al PMR. 1960, N 1, p. 79. B 1966 r. oxyp- Had Obl nepedMeHopaH B Analele Institutului de studii istorice si social-politice de pe ling’ C.C. al P.C.R., a 8 1965 — B Anale de istorie. B faabHefiuem Ata KpaTKOcTH BO BCex cay¥anx GyneT yKa- 3aHO coKpauleHHo — Anale. “© Universul, 1942, 24.XI (caeayet yynTbBatb, To B 6ypaxyas- Hoit PyMnnit ra3zeTbt AaTHpoBatiich THEM Mo3%Ke MX BbIXOZa B cBeT). 24 B xefictBHTenbHOcTH 2Kke OKpy%KeHHaA B paitone Pac- NONHHCKOM FpyNMHpoBKa PyMBIHCKHX BOHCK OXKHBaIa Nocnequve AHH. B pe3yibTaTe pellHTeNbHHX ehcTBHA CTpeKOBLIX DHBH3HH 5- TaHKoBow Hu 21-H CopeTCKHX ap- MHM OHa OblJa pacumeHeHa Ha Be 4aCTH: OMHY H3 HHX BosriaBian redepan Jlackap, apyryio — OpHraquni re- Hepan Cranecky. )Ketaa u36exKaTb HanpacHoro KpoBompo- SIMTHA, COBeETCKOe KOMAHJOBaHHe sBeyepoM 21 HosOpa 1942 r. HanpaBHo B pacnowoxKeHHe OKPyKeHHIX BOMCK O6pososbues H3 MeHHIX Da BpyYeHHA yJIbTHMaTyMOB oO HeMeqJeHHoH KanuTynauun’”. B ycnopuax KanHuTyAAWHH yka3bIBal0Cb, ¥TO COBETCKOe KOMAHJOBaHHe o6s3yeTCA «COXPaHHTb %KH3Hb PYMBIHCKHX COAT H OPulepoB; ocTa- BHTb HMeBleecA y HHX OOMYHJHpOBaHHe; Nocse OKOHYAa- Hua BOHHBI BepHyTb HX Ha pomHHy>*®, 21 noa6pa B 18 yacoB B pacnonoxKeHHe OKpyxKeHHolt TpyNMHpoBKH OTMpaBHJIcA coBeTCKHH NapfamMenTep — HH- CTpyKTop No paGote cpegH Bolick MpoTHBHHKa 96- cTpea- KOBOM MHBH3HH cTapwHA Jeitenant WH. A. Banaues. B oTuete 0 npe6bipaHHH B CTaHe OKpyxkeHHOH rpynnupoBKH PYMBIHCKHX QHBH3HH OH NOApPOGHO ONHcan WapHBLy!O TaM atmocdepy. B nytu H. 9. Banames sctpeyan H3Mo%KeH- HBIX OT FONOZa COALAT, HEKOTOPHe OuUepH XaNoBasce Ha OTCYTCTBHE MPOAOBOABCTBHA H OTKPHITO ToBOpHH O 2Ke1aHHH NOKOHYHTb C BOHHOM H BepHyTbca K ce6e Ha poauny. Banawes no6sipan y renepasa Jlackapa, KoTOpHit Dan oTpuuatesbHblii OTBeT Ha MpesNorxwKeHHe coBeTCKOrO koMangoBanna’?, Cpequ pyMblHCKHxX CoaqaT H OHlepoB ycHAHBasHch HacTpoeHia OTYaAHHA H OGpeyeHHocTH®, B nHcbMax H AHeBHHKAX OHH TOPbKO ONMaKHBaMH cBOIO cysb6y. Map- ma. Cosetckoro Cosa I. K. )KyKoB B cBOHX MeMyapax MpHBOANT BEIepxKKH H3 MHEBHHKA Hawa/bHHKa MeTeo- cay6pr apT6puragn 6-H pyMBIHCKOH MexOTHOM HBH3HH. «21 nos6pa. C ytpa Haule nmonoxKenHe ocTaetca TAKe- aim. Mp okpyxkenn... B Tonosckom®! Gonpuioe 3aMeula- “ ‘ Bupyes, M, a TIpospenne. M., 1981, c. 125. “LA M( , . 229, on. 612, 2. 98, 2. 1 06. © Tau me, By —. "3/2 06, 3 6, 3 6 06. 5° STH HaCTPOeHIIA peaICTHYeCKH NepetaHh B pOMave pyMBIHCKOrO nucateaa Jlaypentny @yabra «Jog 6e3 caapu» (M., 1974). 5! B g9TOM HaceTeHHOM MYHKTe pasMeuiatcA wTa6 6-f nexoTHoi AuBn3nn, 25 TeabcTBo... Cefiuac 10 4 05 mun. Mbt He 3HaeM, TO Je- jlatb. Cioaa co6panuch ouuepy 13-% wu 15-4 guBH3nit, NoTepsBuiHe cBon 4acTH. Bot KaKoe nosoxenne! Ileyaanp- HO, HO 9TO HCTHHA. Mou apy3ba MpocMatpHBawT dotorpadun cBoux 6.1H3- KHX, 2KeH, fete. 1 Toxe c Gonbio B Aywe BCNOMHHAaIO cBolO MaTb, Opata, cectep H pogcTBeHHHKoB. Mul ogesa- MCA BO BCe, YTO ECT y Hac AyyUerO, H axKe ofeBaem no Ape naph Gerba, H AyMaeM, YTO KOHEL, MOKET OLITh OH TparHuHbiM... OveHb MHOrO pa3roBopoB H CNOpoB B CBA3H ¢ co3qaBUIHMcA NonoxeHHeM... Mb, TpH Oduuepa, o6cyx- Maem 3fecb Halle NoNOKeHHe WH NPHXOAHM K BHIBOLY, YTO u36exKaTb KaTacTpopbl y Hac HeT HHKaKuXx ulaHcoB. He- MIpHATHBIe BecTH H3 OCHHOBKH Ha¥HHaloT NOATBepXAaTLCA. Tipuuaa rpynna oduuepos 5-ro Taxenoro apTHanepHii- ckKoro NomKa, cmacllasca GercTBOM. Tlo3qHo BeyepoM KOMAHAHpbI AHBH3H H NONKOB CHOBa co6paqHcb, YTOOK! NPHHATh OKOHYATeAbHOe peulenHe. O6- cyKdaloTca 4Ba BapHaHta: 1. Tpopspatpes. 2. Kanutyan- posatb. Tlocne qnuTenbHoro O6cyKeHHA OCTAHOBHIMCh Ha BTOPOM BapHaHTe — KanHTynuposaTb. IIpuuino usBectHe: OT pycckHX HeT MapsaMeHtep c mpeaoxKennem Kanuty- JIMpoBarTb...»52 Ha 9ToM 3anucb o6pbipanacp. Ho, Kak yxKe OTMe4anocb, COBeTCKHH NapaMeHTep B HOY Ha 22 HoAOpA Nonyuna OTPHUAaTeMbHBI OTBeT OT reHepana Jlackapa. OTKaoHHIa NpegnowKewve cOBeTCKOrO KOMAHJOBaHHA H TpynnuposKa, BoOsraBneMaa reHepatom Cranecky. Oto oObacnAeTcA NIpHKa30M, NOJYYeHHBIM OKPyXXeHHOH IpynnupoBKoH oT HeMeKOrO H PYMBIHCKOrO KOMaHJoBaHuit. «Eme qo mpuxo- Ma Haulx MapsaMeHtepos, — oTMeyaeTCA B AOKyMeHTe NoautynpaBsenua IOro-3anagnoro pouta 06 o6cTosTenb- CTBaX KaNuTyAalluH pacnonuHcKoH rpynnupoBku MpoTuB- HHKa, — KOMaHJOBaHHe OKpy2XeHHBIX PYMBIHCKHX 4YacTelt IIpHHAIO pelleHHe KanHTy1upoBaTb. B TOT MOMeHT, Kora Halli NapwaMenTephl HaXofWNHCh B uITaGe, TaM 6nIna noayyeHa pauorpaMMa OT PpyMBIHCKOrO H HeMellKoro KOMA@HJOBaHHA C MpHKa30M ®3, 2 [lut, no KH: Kyxoe I. K. BocnomMunanna H pa3MblllteHna, 1. 2, M., 1975, c. 115. $3 LA MO CCCP, ¢. 229, on. 612, a. 98, 1. 1 06. 26 Ytpom 22 noa6pa KoMangupp 5, 6 uw 15-4 pyMbIHcKHX NeXOTHBIX AHBH3HH coGpanuch B Tonosckom ana o6cyx- AeHuA BoMpoca 06 opraHH3alHH MpopHiBa KoNbUa OKpy- xkenua. Ha copellaH#H MmpHcyTcTBoBanH mpescTaBHTenH TepMaHcKoro KOMaHAOBaHHA — Odullepbl cBASH, KOTOpHIe, HeECMOTPA Ha MOMBITKH KaNHTyALHH CO CTOPOHH KOMaH- AHPOB PYMBIHCKHX QHBHSHH, BHIHYAHIH HX BbINOAHATS yka3aHHbli MpHkas KOMaHzOBaHHA, B teyenne 22 wos6pa ToNbKo Ha yuactke 63-4 cTpen- KOBOH AHBH3HH OKpy?KeHHble uactu 20 paz mepexoquau B KouTpatakH. HM Kaabii pas oTKaTHBatHch Ha3af, HecA Gonpurne notepH®s, Cromb 2ke TUJeTHBIMH OKa3aqHCb Mo- nbITKH YacTet 1-H TaHKOBOH AuBH3HH Hu 7-H PyMBIHCKOi KaBaslepHiicKo MMBH3HH, NpeAnpuHaBwHXx 21 u 22 HonGpa KOHTpaTakH c py6exa YctTb-MepBeguyKkoro x Kopotuos- CKOrO C We/IbIO OKa3aHHA MOMOMIM OKpyxKeHHOH rpynmupoB- ke. C 60bUIHMH NOTepaMH OHH ObIIH OT6poOlleHH! Ha 1orss, 22 Hon6pa KOMaHOoBaHHe 333-i cTpenKOBO AHBH3HH HanpaBH.o B Jarepb OKpy2XeHHOM rpynnupoBku mpoTHB- HHKa cTapwero JleiteHaHta Matseepa u KpacHoapMeiiua- paspegunka Ycopa c HOBLIM mpefoxKeHHeM O KanuTyaA- un. PyMblHcKaa CTOpoHa Bpy4Hia HM MaKeT caemyioulero cogepxKanua: «OTBeT aQuM BaM 3aBTpa, 23.XI 1942 r. B 5.00 4 mo cpefHeesponettckomy spemenu»5’. OrtaruBaa KanuTyAAWHIO, PYyMBIHCKHe TeHepat ABHO HajleasHcp, 4To OGelllaHHaA O NOMOLWH 6yayT BbINoTHeHEI. Ho mHorve PYMBIHCKHe COMZaTH, 2a H HekoTOpble ouuepH pewinaH He yYNOBaTb Ha NOMOLb H3BHE H He PHCKOBaTb CBoel %KH3- HbO. Co3HaBad Ge3HafeXKHOCTh JasbHelilero conpoTHB- ‘leHHA, elle yTpom 22 Hoa6pa B OMMHOUKy H rpynnamy, a HHOra WeNbIMH NOApasmeneHHAMH OHH CTaMH CaBaTBCA B neH. Tak, B 10 yacop ytpa 22 Hos6pa ua cTopony Kpacnoit Apmuu nepewen verb pyMblucKHi 6aTanboH®?, Bce Gonee TpepoxHble BecTH c (PpoHTa 3a6ecnoKOHH NpaBallyio BepxyuiKy BoeHHO-baliuctcKoH PyMbIHHH. 22 non6pa 1942 r. AHToHecKy OTMpaBH PyMBIHCKOMY BO- eHHOMy aTTawe B Bepsuve TenerpaMMy aa nepegauu Tut- Jlepy, B KOTOpoi cpeau mpouero ropopHsocb: «Tenepan “Tam xe, on. 590, a. 35, 1. 20. 53 Uctopua Bennkoi OteyectseHHoit softnbt Cosetckoro Cow3a 1941—1945 rr., T. 3, c. 34. 5 IIA MO CCCP, ¢. 229, on. 590, a. 35, 2. 20. 57 Tam xe, on. 612, a. 99, 1. 56. 8 Taw xe, on. 590, a. 98, 1. 3 B 06. 27 Jlackap, KOManAyioulH rpynnupoBKoh, cocToamleh U3 YeTHIpexX OKPyXKeHHHX AMBH3HA, MOKAAwBaeT, YTO y Hero HeT 6oenpHnacoB, XOTA OHH eMy ObINH OGelllaHb, H YTO HacTyN MocaeqHH MOMeHT, KOrZa OH Mor 6H NOMB- TaTbCA BbIPBaTbCA H3 OKPyXXeHHA C HEKOTOPHIMH WaHcaMH Ha ycnex. Y Hero ecTb MpwKa3 oT rpynnn apmui « Depatbca, HO OH MpOcHT OT MeHA MpaMoro NpHKasa. A OTKa3aica aTb Kakoli-nH60 npuka3 Yepes roOBy KOMaH- AoBaHuA, KoTOpoe, SyAyyH TaM Ha MeCTe, HECeT OTBeTCT- BeHHocTb». KoHAyK3TOp BHIpa3sH COMHeHHe B BO3MOKHO- CTH OKPy2KeHHOH rpynnHpoBKH mMposepxateca no 28— 30 Hos6ps, Kora Ha BbIpyuky eH O.KHH Opin AKOOB MpH6vITb v3 Tay6oKoro THula YeTHpe HeMeL|KHX CoeMHHe- Hus. OH Mpocia npHHATD Gonee cpou¥Hbe Mepsl mo cmace- HHO rpynnuposKH Jlackapa, Goch, ¥TO AO MpHOnITHA oGellaHHO NOMOWH OHa «6yZeT NOAHOCTHIO YHHYTOKeHa> 4 on, HW. Antonecky, «6ygeT He B COCTOAHHH BOCCTaHO- BHTb» 3-10 apMHi0®, B ToT »%e JeHb MHHMCTp WHOCTpaHHHIx en M. Autone- cky yepe3 cBoero cexpetapa T. Bap6yna nepenan Hemeu- KOMy NocmaHHHKy B Byxapecte omaceHia B TOM, YTO rH- Genb pyMBIHCKHX QHBH3HH og CtTaaHHrpagoM MoKeT BbI3BaTb «H3BECTHBI€ HACTPOCHHA B OOWeECTBEHHOM MHEHHII PyMbIHHH Kak pa3 B TOT MOMeHT, KOrga BoiiHa BCTyNHAa B pelaiouly!0 cba3y», H YTO «BOMpOCHI MO cyulecTBy BOeH- Horo XapakTepa HMeIOT Tak%e BaXKHOe MOMMTHYeCKOe 3Ha- yenne»®, Takum o6pa30M, B CJO>KHBUIeHCA TAKEO CHTyauHH «natpuot» HW. Axutonecky, co3HaBaa HeMHHyeMylo ruGeqb OKPYKeHHBIX PYMBIHCKHX coeAMHeHHH, npezoctaBun Tut- Jlepy e€MHHONM4HOe MpaBo PaCNOpAAUTbCA XKH3HbIO DecAT- KOB TbICAY PYMBIHCKHX COMMaT H Oulepos. Tloka cocTaBaaaucbh TenerpaMMbl WH MpeANpHHHMadHCch AUNJOMaTHYecKHe JeMapllH, Ha yyacTKe poHTa oKpy2KeH- HOH TpyNNHpoBKH COGHITHA Pa3BHBaHch ropa3fo GuIcTpee, ueM mpegnotarana KaHKa Antonecky. Tlonyyus otTka3 Jlackapa oT HeMeaneHHOH KanHTyaAlHH, CoBeTCKOe KOMaH- opanie OTAa0 MpHKa3 oBnageTb Bepxue-Yepenckum, Kya B 93TO BpeMA MepeMectutHcb uiTaGH 5-f H 6-H py- 59 Hctopiko-aunaomatnyecknit apxus (aanee: HJIA), o. Muxpo- (pustbMbI_ PpyMBIHCKHX OKyMeHTOB. josar: Schimb de scrisori intre Fihrer si d-l Maresal Antonescu. © Anale, 1960, N 1, p. 79. 2 MBIHCKHX M@XOTHHIX AHBH3HH. BoppaBliHcb B STOT Hace- AeHHEIA NYHKT, Tpyna aBTOMaTYHKOB MOA PyKOBOACTBOM cTapwero seftexaxta Uepenkopa okpyxHla NoMelleHuA PYMBIHCKHX WITAa6OB, BHHYAHB KOMAHJHpOB 9THX JHBH- 3H — revepanos Jlackapa y Ma3apHHH — kanutysupo- Batb. KpoMe Ha3BaHHBIX reHepayiop B MeH GEO B3ATO 40 wita6HbIx odullepos, B TOM 4HCTe 8 MomKOBHHKoB. O6- uyee YHCO MeHHEIX 9TOH rpynnupoBKH cocTaBAANO 8058 conzaT H odulepos®!. B aty xe HOUb c 22 Ha 23 HomOpaA B 3 4aCa MpOTHBHHK 6b11 BHOUT H3 Ba3Kosckoro u Beso- conHa®, A cnycta 50 Munyr, T. e. Korga Jlackap nu Ma3zapHHu BMecTe CO CBOHMH UWTa6aMH ye OblH B neny, Tutnep otnpasun WH. Antonecky oTBeTHy TeerpaMMy, nomHy10 ONTHMH3Ma H Hagexa. B nei ropopHaocb: «Eme fo noazy- yeHlia TelerpaMMbl Baulero mpeBocxoquTebCTBa A, Y3HaB B HOUb Cc 22 Ha 23 HoAOpa, 4TO Xpa6pad PyMBIHCKaa TaH- KOBaa AHBH3HA B pe3ybTaTe aTaku coeqHHHNach c 22-H TaHKOBOH AHBH3HeH, an Mpuka3, TOON rpynnupoBKa JlacKapa, HCNOAb3yA S9TOT OTKPEITHIA MyTb, c 6oeM ABHHY- laCb Ha lor if BOCCTaHOBNeHHA CBA3H Cc 48-M TaHKOBHIM Kopnyco, Y6exneH, YTO 3TO yoactca rpynnuposKe Jlackapa... KOTOpHA MposBH ce6a Kak MpHMepHbl congat». Buipa- xKa Jlanee «MomHyl0 yBepeHHocTh», 4TO 6-A HeMelKan APMHA BBICTOHT H C NOMOUbIO APyrHxX HeMeLKHX DHBHSHA i 1-ro pyMblHcKoro Kopnyca OObeTCA B KOHEYHOM HTOre no6eaul, Tutnep B 3akmloyeHHe nucan: «Bupaxkaiw ocobyi0 6narogapHoctb reHepany Jlackapy 3a oGpasuosbe jeficT- sua. Kak pa3 py¥epa A Harpadun renepana JIackapa — Tepporo ouuepa Hallux cow3HEIX Bock — «]lyGoBHMH JHCTbAMH» K PblWapCKOMy 2KeTe3HOMy Kpecty>®, Stok Huarpagok Turnep nageanca yaepxatb Jlackapa oT Kanutyraunn. Ho «megpoctb» diopepa oka3aacb 3a- no3qanon. B ToT xe A€Hb KOHAYKSTOp MOTOpOMHAcA OTMpaBHTb Tutaepy TenerpamMMy caegytoulero cogepxanua: «Cepgey- HO 6arogapio 3a MpHcaHHoe yTpom 23 woaG6ps Mocaanne. B cootpetcTBHH ¢ NosCcKa3aHHOH MHe BalluM npeBocxogH- ) HA MO CCCP, @, 229, on. 612; 2. 99, 2. 56. ® Canconos A. M. Yxa3. cou. © HOA, ¢. Muxpodurwe stneKX AokyMentos, Dosa: Schimb de Scrisori intre Fihrer si d-l Maresal Antonescu. 29 TeAbCTBOM MBICIbIO TOTYAC HaNpaBH KOMAHDOBaHHAM H PYMBIHCKHM BOMicKaM MpHKa3 MO apMHH, YTOOH yKpenuTb B HHX YBepeHHOCTb H NpHAaTb UM HOBHI uMMyvbc. A Belpaxkaio nomHyio yBepeHHocTb B Hallet noGeze, 1 BO HMA €€ MPOJOMXKHM MeNaTb BCe, YTO AHKTYIOT HaM Ha- We MOCTOHHCTBO H OTBETCTBEHHOCTD. Tlutaa cerogua, Kak HW Bcerfa, caMble cepseyHble H ApyxkecTBeHHble 4wyscTBa K Bawiemy npeBocxoguTempcTBy H HenpeB3oMeHHOH HeMeUKOM apMHH, W1I0 Bam oT HMeHH PYMBIHCKorO Hapofla, ero apMHH u ce6a AMYHO TensBe TIpuBeTcTBHAr™, Untaa 3TH TelerpaMMH, Heb3a He MOpaxKaTbca uBaH- etsy Turaepa un Antonecky, ux 3a6nyxKqeHHAM B OeHKe o6ctaHopKu y Cranuurpaga u na JJony. Haxogach non THNHO3OM ObIIbIX BOCHHHX yay, OHH He BHAeTH COOBITHII B HX HCTHHHOM cBeTe H Modaranu, ut0 ycnex Kpacnoli ApMHH BpeMeHHBIi H B KOHeYHOM HTOre ee HacTynseHHe 3aKOHYHTCA MpoBasiom. Mexay tem 23 Hos6pa Kk 16 yacam uacTu 4-ro TaHKo- Boro Kopnyca lOro-3anaguoro pouta uw 4-ro MeXaHH3H- poBaHHoro Kopnyca CTanHHrpagcKoro (pouta coeaHHH- aAWcb B paitone xyTopa Copetcknii, 3aBepuins oKpy2keHHe 20 auBusHit «Henpes3oifeHHOH» HeMelKow apMuH (6-1 H YacTb CH 4-H TaHKOBOM apMHii), ABYX PYMBIHCKHX JHBH- 3ni (20-4 nexotHoi u 1-H KaBanepuiickoh) u 160 otgenb- HBIX YacTeli BCexX pofoB BOMCK OGUleH YHCMeHHOCTbIO OKO.10 330 TeIc. YenOBeK. Ham Hen3pecTHo, HanHcan aM M OTMpaBHa aM AHTOHe- cky o6eujaHHEli Tutnepy mpuka3 mo pyMbIHCKOH apMHi. Oguako c yBepeHHOCTb1O MOXKHO CKa3aTb, YTO JO OKpyxeH- HBIX PYMBIHCKHX BOiicK Ha JloHy OH He Aowen®5, 23 Hoa6pa oka3aica MocneqHHM GoeBbIM AHEM faa rpynnupoBkH 6puraguoro renepana CraHecky. 3a feb 0 3TOTO KOMaH- Hospanve 63-% cTpenkosoi AHBH3HH Noctano pyMBIHCKoMy Tevepaty NapjaMentepos c MpesnowKenvem CNOKUT opy- okHe. Ho ono 60 OTKOHeEHO, H60, KaK NOTOM BBIACHH- Noch, CTaHecKy CBA3aIcA C repMaHCKHM [aBHOKOMaHJO- BaHHeM H MO/YYH O4epesHoe 3aBepeHHe, ¥TO ero BOcKaM & AIA, . MuxpodbuabMu pyMuckHx goKymentos, Dosar: Schimb de scrisori intre Fihrer si d-l Maresal Antonescu. 6 Komanayloumi rpynnol apmufi HM COXPaHHTb CcOaTaM H ouuepam «®’, HHBIMH C.10Ba- MH, BBINOAHHTb Te YCAOBHA, KOTOpble KOMAHJOBaHHe co- BeTCKHX BOHCK CaMO Mpefmarano 3a AeHb AO sToro py- MBIHCKOMY TeHepavly B ciy¥ae KanuTy Aun. CopeTcKoe KOMaHAOBaHHe NoTpeOopano mpekpaTHTb BeeHHe OFHA, CAaTb B HCMPaBHOM COCTOAHHH BCe BOOpy- zene H Apyroe BoeHHoe uMyulecTBO. B cBolo ouepedb OHO rapaHTHpoBato BCeM confaTaM Hu OdulepaM, cfaB- WHMCA B IeH, KH3Hb, XOpollee OOpallenHe, COXpaHHOCTb andHEX Bemeh®, B 23 uaca 37 MuHyT OKpy2KeHHBIe py- MBIHCKHe BOHCKa MofaH CHTHa. O MpHHATHH ycmOBHit caayH. B 2 yaca 30 MunyT 24 HonOpaA Ha aBTOMaUIHHe C 3aKeHHIMH dbapaMu reHepan CrtaHecky H ero CBHTAa NpHObH B pacnonoxenne 63-H cTpenKOBOH AHBU3HH. 3a- TeM PYMBIHCKHe NospasqeneHHA, NOcTpoeHHble B KOJOHHEI LIA MO CCCP, ¢. 335, on. 5136, a. 47, a. 14. 7 Tam xe, >. 229, on. 612, 2. 98 a. 2. ® Tam xe, dp. 335, on. 5113, a. 123, 1. 20. eS) No AHBH3HAM, NOAKaM, GaTaboHaM, poTaM, ABHHYJIHCb 110 yCTaHOBNeHHOMy KOpHzopy yepes mepenHHh Kpaii copert- cKux Bofick. CongaTh M Ocuueph cKaqEBann opyxue®. M3 rpynnuposku Cranecky caanucp B men 21 800 congat H ocuuepos, B TOM ¥HcHe | renepan, 9 nomKoBHHKOB, 120 opuuepos ctapwei rpynnst, 200 odnuepos cpesHeli rpynnny”, Bcero B patone PacnonuncKoi, Ba3Kkosckoro 6nl10 B3ATO B MeH cBblue 29 Thic. commaT H Oduuepos 5, 6, 13, 14 4 15-4 mexoTHBIX 2HBH3HM 5-ro Hu 4-ro apMefickux Kop- Tycos 3-4 pyMBIHCKOM apMHH, 3aXBayeHO 3Ha¥HTeTbHOe KOJHYeCTBO BOOPyKeHHA H APYTHX BOeHHIX Tpocees. Pac- NONHHCKaa TpynMHpoBka MpOTHBHHKa Nepectana cyulect- BOBAaTb. Boapuryio porb B GICTpOH AHKBHAAaHH OKpy2KeHHO!t rpynnupoBkH cbIrpana pa3baAcHHTeNbHaa paGoTa, mpose- ewHaa nonutopraHamu Kpacnoi ApMHH cpegH BOiicK nmpoTHBHHKa. Kak ToabKo Kombo BOKpyr 5-ro H OcTaTKOB 4-ro apMelickHx KOpMycoB 3aMKHYJOCb, COBeTCKOe KOMaH- AopaHwe mepegato no pagvo uw Yepe3 3BykoBelllaTetbHbe cTaHUMH OOpallleHHe K PyMBIHCKHM CO/aTaM, B KOTOpoM, O6pHcoBaB NooxKeHHe, NPH3BaO HX MpeKpaTHTb Geccmbl- CAeHHOe KPOBONPOMUTHE H CO%KUTb opyxue. Ilo aW4HOMy yKa3aHHlo mpemctasutena CraBKH Yrevepan-noaKOBHuKa aptuanepxu H. H. Boponosa 70 pynopuctos-aruTaTopoB 21-% apmMuH c pa3HBIX TO¥eK MepeqHero Kpan HenpepHBHO Nepeqapanu ycOBHA cf@a4H B MveH”!. K yuactulo B pyNopHbix Mepegayax WHPOKO MpHB.teKa- ‘ICb PyMBIHCKHe BOeHHONTeHHBIe, KOTOpble oTBepramH JOKMBBIE paccka3bl OuLeEpOB O PYCCKOM MeHe, MpH3BIBa- 41H CBOHX OJHOMOAYAaH, YaCTO Ha3bIBad HX NO HMeHH, Te- peiitu Ha ctopony Kpacnof Apmuu. Hepeako nocae Takux Tepefay ciaBalHch HMCHHO Ha3BaHHble No (aMHHH Co.n- aati. TlnenHbli renepan T. Cranecky npu3nan: «Bama Mponaranfa, ocobenHo yepe3 pagHo, Ghia HacToiuMBon, clictemaTHyeckoi H pa3yMHO MocTaBseHHok. Ona He Mor- 1a He BJHATb Ha PYMBIHCKHX CONaT»7?, He meubuliee Bo3geiicraHe Ha HHX HMena H MeyaTHaa Nponarawgza noantopraxos Kpacho# Apmun. Jin no- LIA MO CCCP, &. 335, on. 5113, a. 123, 7 Tam xe, on. 5136, a. 47, a. 14. 71 Tam Ke, 2.13 06; Bypyee M. H. Yas. cow, c. 1 72 TIA MO CCCP, ¢. 355, on. 5136, 2. 47, 3. 13. 20. 32 autynpapsenvem JOro-3anaguoro poxta 6nin0 pacnpo- CTpaHeHo cpefH OKpy2KeHHBIX 4YacTeH 7 AHCTOBOK Ha py- MBIHCKOM A3bIKe THpaxxoM 660 ThIc. 3k3eMNApoB’. Muo- THE COJfaTbI TOKO H3 COBETCKHX IHCTOBOK y3HaH BCIO nmpaBay 0 NopaxenHAx cpaulucTCKHX BOlicK, 0 TOM, YTO OHH okpyxeHbl. HavanbHuk aptTHepHu 5-H pyMbIHCKO me- XOTHOH AMBH3HH MIpH3Ha: «BpowenHble BaMH JIMCTOBKH OKOHYAaTeIbHO MOMOPBaIH Hall MONMBITKH OpraHH30BaTb CONPOTHBAeHHe H BbI3BAaNH MaccoByio cfayy B Men». B camMoi PyMblHHH He cpa3y cTano H3BeCTHO O KaTa- cTpode pyMbIHcKo# apmMHH Ha Jlony u nog Ctamuurpagom. Kauka Antonecky MpofomKana cKpbIBaTb 3TO OT Hapoda, a (auucTckaad mpecca — BBOAMTb OOUeCTBeHHOCTb B 3a- Onyx enue. Tak, cnycta 7 quel nocne naenenua Jlackapa Ta3eTHl OTMeTHIH Harpaxkgenve renepana Tutnepom Kak «IIpH3HaHHe ero ycneusHOrO pyKOBOACTBA BOHCKaMH H JHY- HOH xpa6pocTH»’>. B Hayane geka6pa G6bin0 ony6HKOBaHO OHuHarbHOe coo6ujeHHe 0 noceulenHH 23—26 HosGpaA MuHUCTpoM o60- pout PyMpiuHn renepatom Tlanta3H pyMbIHCKHX BOlicK B u3nyyuHe JloHa wu loxKHee CTanuurpaga. B coo6ulenun ot- MeYalocb, 4TO HeMelKHe H PYMBIHCKHE BOMCKa BO3JBHTIK Nepegq HaCTyMaioulHMH COBETCKHMH JMBH3HAMH . Bpl0 cka3aHo Take O TOM, YTO COMAATH NOMYYHM 3HMHee OOMYHAUpO- BaHHe, paHeHble XOpOulo yxoxeub, a rpcnutanu obecneye- HbI AOcTaTOUHBIM MHTaHHeM’®, TaseTH mpofsonKaH NoMe- WaTb 3aroioBKH THMa: «HemeluKo-pyMbIHcKHe BolicKa Ha porte mexay Tovom u Bonroh copepuiaioT yymeca xpa6- Poctu», «BosbilepHkaM HaHOCATCA COKPyWHTeNbHble yla- Ppl» HT. a, Ognako HTOrH HOMOpbCKHX Goes AA pyMBIH- CKO apMHH OBI CTOAb MayeBHEIMH, 4TO Ha KaKOe-TO BpemMA ake dalluctcKaa mpecca BbHyKZeHa Oba yMe- PHTb CBOH BOHHCTBEHHBIA MBIT. 73 Tam 2Ke, c. 229, on. 612, 2. 90, a. 129. ™ Tam oKe, a. 141. 75 Universul, 1942, 30.XI si 1.XII. Tam xe, 1942, 15.XII. 3H. 9. Nesur 33 Ha neppom atane Hactynenua Kpacnoi Apmun nod Cranuurpagom, c 19 no 29 nosGpa 1942 r., B xoze KOTO- poro 6bia BbInoMHeHa 3aqa4ya pasrpoMa cbraHroBbix rpyn- NHpOBOK NPOTHBHHKa H OKpyxXeHHA 6-H MoneBol H YacTH cua 4-H TaHKOBoH apMHf HeMUeB, HanOonbuHe NoTepH cpeAu Bolick rHTAepoBCKOH KOaTHILHH MOHeECAH pyMBHCKHe apmun”, ocoGenHo 3-8. B oryete }Oro-3anaguoro poxta © HOM6pbcKoH onepaltHu ckKa3aHO: «% Jlo6aBum, 470 9TO Obima He apMHA, a JIM ee 2K aKHe OCTaTKH. Tlepeapimka, 0 KoTopoH rosoput Jlépp, cnacaa ot MoaHoré pasrpoMa H 4-10 apMHi0 pyMBIH, KoTOpas AelicTBO- Bana wxHee CtamHHrpaga. Kak yxe oOTMeyanocb, ape AMBH3HH STOM APMHH OKa3aHCcb B KOT BMeCTe C DHBH- 3usmu Ilaymioca. PasrpoMaenune 1, 2 u 18-8 mexoTHBe QMBH3HH, 2Be KaBaslepHitcKHe H Apyrve 4acTH 4-f apMHH oTKaTHIHcb 40 Koteabuukosckoro. B 6o”x-3a aTOT Kpyn- HB HaceeHHBIA MyHKT, KaK oTMeyaeT Jépp, «. B gelicTBHTeNb- HOCTH K€ YeCTOMWGUBHIA KOHAYK3ITOP OLIN NoAbULeH Nped- stoxKenwem [utiepa H roTOB B3ATb Ha ce6A KOMAaHJOBaHHe rpynnof apmuit «Jlou». B mucbMe, agpecopannom JI. Bps- TuaHy, ot 29 oxta6pa 1942 r. MH. Antonecky, otTBepraa OOBHHEHHA AMJepa HalHOHat-nH6epanbHOA NapTHH B TOM, TO PyMBIHCKaA apMHA BCelleO NOAYHHeEHA FHTMepoBaM, XBaCTIHBO Mucal: «KoMaHfOBaHHe HalHX BOOpyKeHHEIX CHA, YCHeHHBIX OAHOH repMaHcKOH apMuei, B OnWxKahuee Bpema GyfeT B3ATO MHOIO>®. Sroro He NPOH3OUIO He NO mpHunve oTKa3a Auntonecky. IlnaHbl KOHAyKaTOpa copBao Hactynenue Kpacnoi Apmun nog Ctanunrpagom B HOAG- pe 1942 r. B caa3x c tem, ¥To 300-THCaYHad OTO6OpHaA HeMeLKan apMHA OKa3aylacb B MOTHOM Kombule, Tutnep pewa Has- HauWTb KOMAaHAyIOWlMM rpynnow apmuit «Jo» renepan- deapamapuiana Manutefiia, cubipuero cneuHanuctoM no BeMeHHIO «ocaZHBIx Goesbix selicTBHi». TlomuMo scero Mpoyero 9370 Ha3HayeHHe, NO MbICHH MpaBuTenei peiixa, ZOmKHO OBO NOXHATD MOPaNbHBI AyX OKPy2KeHHBIX BOCK, BC@EAHTb B HHX HafexKAy Ha BBIXO H3 KOTJa. B co- cTaB rpynnnt «Jon» 6bi1H BKTO¥eHBI HapaAay c HeMeKHMH apMuaMH ocTaTkH 4-H nu 3-H pyMBIHCKHX apMuit. B Teae- TpamMe Autouecky Manuiteli xBacTAHBO 3aBepsl KOHDY- KaTOpa: «A AyMalo, YTO MOA AHYHOCTh CayKUT Bam ra- PavTHelt ycnexa u 4TO CNaBy ycnexa BMecTe C HeMeLLKHMH uaCTAMH Pa3feNAT H PYMBIHCKHe BoOlicKa>*, Tlocne Hos6ppcKkHx mopaxkenui pyMBIHCKOH apMHH THTAepOBCKOe KOMAaHAOBAaHHe, KOTOPOe H PaHbllle HEBbICOKO OT3HIBatOch 0 GoecnocoGHOcTH PYyMBIHCKHX BOHCK H HX KOMA@HQHOM cOcTaBe, cefiuac cOBepleHHO yTpaTH10 K HHM osepue. B tenerpamMe ot 27 Hon6pa 1942 r. BoeHHBI attame B Bepaune noaKkosunk HW. Teopre gonocua cpoemy MpaButerpctBy: «...CoBepileHHO ceKpeTHO A y3HaJ, TO MponcxofuBune B 3-H PyMBIHCKOM apMHH coGBITHA pac- CMaTpHBaloTCA B HEMeLKHX Kpyrax Kak nepBoe 6onbuloe a B PYMBIHCKHX Bolickax...>%5 Oguaxo senen- 8 YA, Mui Popup PYMBIHCKHX oKyMeHTOB. Scrisoare de raspuns a oath 1 Antonescu d-lui Bratianu, 29 Octombrie 1942. % Lar. no KH.: Ucropua Lanes OrevectsenHo point Copet- xorg, Cowsa 1941—1945 rr., T. 3, ¢. * Tam xe, c, 36—37. 36 cTBHe GObUIHX NOTepb HeMeWKOH apMHH HTMepoBCKOe KOMAaHJOBaHHe BHIHyKJeHO ObI0 =H Aanbue npHOeraTb K HCNONb30BaHHIO MaKe H3pAHO NOTpeNaHHHIX QHBHSH cBOerO COIO3HHKA, OCyMeCTBHB MpesBapHTeAbHO PAA opra- HH3@QMOHHBIX W3MeHeHHA C WeNbIO yCHeHHA KOHTpomA Hag HuMH. 1-H w ocTaTKH 2-ro pyMBIHCKHX apMeHCKHX KopnycoB, paHee BXOJHBWHX B cocTaB 3-f apMHH, 6bIH NOAYHHeHBI CO32aHHO Ha 6a3e 17-ro apMeficKoro Kopnyca HeMueB ONepaTHBHOH rpynne «XonnuAT», o6oponsBuei yyactok oT BeweHcKoro 40 Ap»xaHosckoro. 3-8 PyMbIHCKad apMHA, AelicTBOBaBaa B Nomoce OT Ap:kaHoBckoro Jo yctba p. JIuckKa, Nepectaa 6bITb YHCTO pyMblHckol. B ee cocTaB BOUIIM HeMelKHe onepaTHBHbe rpynnat «LItexenb» u «Llnanr»>, a HayanbHukKom uTa6a apMuu ewe 22 Hoa6pa 1942 r. Gy Ha3HayeH ruTnepoB- cKHit reHepan Benx®, p3aapwuit dakTH4yecKA Bce ynpaBule- HHe B CBOH PyKH. 4-A PyMBIHCKaA apMHA BOA B ONepa- THBHOe MosyWHeHHe apMelickoH rpynne «fot», KoTOpaa o6oponatach oT ycTba p. JIucKka go rpaHuub c rpynnoi apMuit «”, Mepe6pocka 6-f TaHkoBoi auBH3HH — HaHGonee Goe- cnoco6Horo HeMelKoro coequHeHHA — Ha cpegHHit Jon ocna6una Hactynaenne Ha Cranuurpag c ira. 24 peka6pa Boicka CtanHHrpagckoro @pouta nepelln B HacTyNeHHe c wWelbio pasrpoMa apMelicko# rpynm «Tot». Cromus CONPOTHBeHHe MPOTHBHHKa, OHH Ha CNemyroulnh AeHb BbI- ww K p. Akcait-Ecayoscknit. Hemeukoe KoMaHAOBaHHe CTpeMHJIOCcb BO ¥TO OH TO HH cTalo 3afepxKaTb Ha 3TOM pyOexe jabHeflee NposBH- 2KeHHe copeTcKHX Bock. J[pyrux ectecTBeHHHIX py6exelt cepepHee Kotenbuukosckoro He G6pin0. Ho caenaTe aToro THTMepoBiaM He yAatocb. Tlog MOULHEIM HaTHCKOM CoBeT- CKHX Bolick 17-4 1 23-4 HeMeuKHe TaHKOBbIe AHBH3HH 57-TO TaHKOBorO KopMyca BHHYKAeCHH ObIM OTCTYNHTb, H AA TOrO, YTOOL AaTb HM BO3MOXKHOCTE yATH OT NoHOTO pa3- TpoMa, rHTMepoBcKoe KOMAHJOBaHHe cHeulHO 6pocHio Ha py6ex p. Axcaii-Ecaynosckui octatKu 2-f u 18-% py- MBIHCKHX N€XOTHHX AHBH3HH. TutnepoBubl H Ha 9TOT pas MPOABH.IH BEPONOMCTBO MO OTHOUIeHHIO K CBOHM COI3HH- Kam. OHH NocTaBH1H NOx yap pyMBIHCKHe JHBH3HH, ¥TO- 6u1 cnactu HemMeuKkHe®. Ho u36exaTb ux pasrpoMa He yaastocb. Beipwuit rutaeposckuit renepan ®, B. Meanen- THH mpu3Haet: «K 26 geka6pa ot 57-ro Kopnyca nouTH 1 Jépp P. YKas. cou., c. 104. 2 Tam xe, c. 105. ® Hctopna Benuxoi OrevectsenHofi softiet Copetckoro Cowsa 1941-1945 r., 7. 3, ¢. 51 39 HHYerO He OCTaNOCb: OH GyKBabHO CKOPONOCTHXKHO CKOH- yanca>, Zien» 26 geka6psa oka3anca pokosbim u Aaa 4-H py- MBlHCKOH apMuu. I. Jlépp osarnapun pa3gen cpoero one- PaTHBHOrO O630pa, NOCBALMeHHOrO COOKTHAM KOHUa meKa6- pa 1942 r. woxHee Ctannurpaga, «Pasrpom 4-4 pyMbIH- ckoi apMuH HM OTCTyMeHHe 4-H TaHkoBoH apMuH Ha Ma- Huby». On numer: «26 meka6pa Ha paccpete pycckHe npo- psanuch y Texepasosckoro W B TeYeHHe HECKOJbKHX ¥acoB pa3s6unn 6-H pyMblHckHi apMeiickHii Kopnyc, B MaHuKke OexaBlHi YaCTHYHO Ha Wr, a YaCTHYHO Yepe3 3aMep3IHA Tlon na 3anaqg. Tose y@an0cb OCTaHOBHTb OCTaTKH 9TOFO kopnyca y Kygunos»®®. Tomko KoMaH~Mp 2-H pyMbIHCKOi AMBH3HH IIbITaica C OCTaTKaMH BOIicK OpraHH30BaTb co- MIpoTHBJeHHe Ha Nogctynax Kk Bepxue-A6noyHomy, HO ero 4aCTH ObIIH OKOHYaTeIbHO pa36HTHI*®, Tlocne pasrpoMa 3anaquoro ¢baanra .pyMBIHCKOH ap- MHH CO3falacb KPHTHYeCKad OOcTaHOBKa Ha ee BOCTOU- HoM daanre. Heca Gonbuine notTepH, Nom HaTHCKOM CoBeT- CKHX BOHCK PyMBIHCKHH KaBanepHitckui Kopnyc Tlonecky ocTaBH. HacetleHHble nyHktst Wapnytosckui u Camoxun. «Oguako, — oTmeyaet I. épp, — pymbnckan apMua Mo- Tepliela OKOHYaTeMbHOe Nopaxkenue. Yxe HoubIO = (Ha 27 nexa6pa. — H. JI.) ona oTouima panbule, ¥em ef GEO Mpuka3aHo, wu 6e3 6on oTAata npoTHBHHky Ketyeneppi»®”. Osaages HaceneHHBIMH nyHKTamH Buinacno# u Tlnmen- Uepuu, O6opoHseMBIMH COOTBETCTBEHHO YaCTAMH KaBawe- puiickoro Kopnyca Tlonecky u 23-H HemMelkKo# TaHKOBOi AHBH3HH, BOHcka CraquurpagcKoro dpoxta co3qanH yrpo- 3y Qa Nesoro daanra 7-ro pyMBIHCKOrO Kopnyca B Ppaiio- He Bepxue-Canpcka. Korga B 11 4acop 27 neka6pa 10 co- BeETCKHX TaHKOB NOABHHCb B KaspKeHKHH, 1-8 PyMbIHCKas NeXOTHaA JHBH3HA B MaHHKe Ha¥ana OTCTyNMeHHe Yepes We6anHH. Berea 3a STHM Ha4YascA OTXOZ WH APyrHx yacteit Kopnyca, MpecmeqyeMX NOABHXKHBIMH COeAHHEHHAMH Kpachof Apmun. IOxknee Kucenesku onn pasrpomusu 4-10 MeXoTHy!0 AHBH3H1I0 pyMBlH. TlotepaB ynpaBaenue, oTcTy- napuiue K p. Cant feMopanH3oBaHHble YacTH 7-ro apMeii- ™ Measentux ®. B. Tankosble cpaxenua 1939—1945 rr. Boepoe IIpHMeHeHHe TaHKOB BO BTOpOH MupoBOA Bolte. M., 1957, c. 173. Tlepesoa c HeMeukoro. % Jlépp IF. Yxa3. cou., c. 107. %® Camcoxos A. M. Yxa3. cou., c. 463. 7 Tépp Pr. Yeas. cou., c. 108. ckoro Kopnyca B KoHWe HA 27 peKaOpa BHOBb Ont aTaKOBaHbI COBETCKHMH TaHKaMH H paccesHBt. B 3aKsoye- Hue paccka3a 06 sTHx Goax Jlépp noguepkusaet: «Bopb6a 4-H pyMbIHCKOH apMHH OKOHUHacb. ApMefickof rpynnbt «Tot» 6ombure He cyllecTBoBano; 4-A TaHKOBaad apMHA COCTOANa TOKO H3 ABYX OG€CKPOBeHHHIX JHBH3Hit: 430- IMpoBaHHOw B pafione Crennof 16-% moTopH30BaHHOli MBH3HH H OCTaTKoB GexaBuleli 4-H pyMBIHCKOH apMuH»®?, Takum 06pa30M, B pe3yAbTaTe AeKaOpbCKHX onepaunit Kpacoi Apmuu Ha cpeguem Jlone u oxHee Cranunrpana 6blN No CyTH 3aBepuieH HayaTHii B HoAOpe pasrpom 3-i1 u 4-H pyMblHcKkux apmuit. 29 nexa6pa CnewnanbHaa cayx- 6a HHpopMaluH foKNagbipana Bp Byxapecr: «Cesepo- soctouxee KoteabHukKoscKoro 6-H pyMBIHCKHH apMelickHit Kopnyc, MpHHHMaBUIHA yyacTHe B Goax 26 geKka6pa cero Toga, MpekpaTua Goesnle pelicTBua H3-3a MaOUHCAeHHOCTH am4Horo cocTaBa. Pa3po3HeHHble a1eMeHTBI HM rpynnbl 6-ro apMelickoro Kopnyca HanpaBaawTca Ha cTaHumio Anmyt, Tye, N0-BHAHMOMY, eC4H MpeACTaBHTCA BO3MOXKHOCTb, Ha- 4HeTCA ero HOBas peopraHH3auus. B paiione Muanepo- spo—Kamenck—Mopososck B pe3yibTaTe coBeTCKoro Ha- CTyMeHHA NocneqHux Ane wenble yacTn 7, 9 u 14-4 NeXOTHLIX QHBH3HH, 1-H TAaHKOBOM AHBH3HH ObINH OGe30py- 2XKeHBI MPOTHBHHKOM. B coxKuBUelicA CHTYalHH BO3HHKI0 3aMellaTeIbCTBO B CaMOM OMepaTHBHOM KOMaHJOBaHHH>”, Bo spema geka6ppckHx Goes, XOTA H He ObIIH OKpy- 2KeHBI KPyNHble CHB MpPOTHBHHKAa, YHCIO MICHHBIX PYMBIH- CKHX COJMaT ObIIO 3HAaYHTeNBHBIM. B Kone DeKaOpa 6e3 60a cKafbIBanH OpyxkHe H ChaBatHCh B MeH Werble Nog- Ppa3genenus. Tak, 27 gexa6pa mpH NoaBseHHH coBeTCKOrO Taka H 9 aBTOMaTYHKOB Mepewlen Ha cTopoHy Kpacuoit Apmuu 2-i 6aTanbou 20-ro nexoTHoro NovKa 4-H HBH3HH B cocTaBe 254 yenopex (243 congata u 11 oduuepos) Bo Taape C KOMaHAHpoM GOatTanboHa. Onn cfanu 150 sxHTo- Bok, 20 aptomatos, 10 nynemMetos, 6 MHHoMeTOB, 2 nyw- ku Hw 12 npoTuBoTaHKoBbIxX pyxei. Wutepecno oTMeTHTb, uto H3 254 uenopek 219 HMenH mpH ce6e coBeTcKHe AuctoskH', Cyapuneca B Mew comfatTH Hu oduuepsl ro- BOPHaH, YTO OonbUOe BINAHHE Ha HHX OKa3aIH BEICTYN- %® Tam xe, c. 108—109. °° LITA MCCP, o. MuxpoduabMel pyMblHcKHx joKyMeHTos, SSI. Nota cinformativa, N_ 3640, 29 Decembrie 1942. © ILA MO CCCP, . 244, on, 2980, a. 145, 1. 25. Al JleHHA MO 3BYKOYCHHTEBHBIM CTaHWHAM, OpraHH30BaHHble nonutopraHamu Kpacnoi Apmun 17 u 18 geKkaOpa Ha yuacTKe @pouta Oatampona. B aTHx nepeqayax npHHsan yuacTHe MleHHble KaNHTaH MH COMMaT YNOMAHYTOM QHBH3HH, a Takxke mpegctasutenb I'nasworo momutHyecKoro ynpaB- senna Kpacnoi Apmun nognonkosuuk C. HW. Camofiaos. B konwe cBoero BHICTyNeHHA NoznomKoBHHK CamofinoB cNpocu crywiaBuIHX eo B CBOHX OKOMAaX PyMBIHCKHX co- Mat, MOHpaBunach 1H HM Nepegaya? Ecau ma, cKa3aq oH, NycTb CONMaTH BEICTpenAT TPH pa3a. BoicTpenw nocaego- Ba.1H HeMeJIeHHO. CnenyeT cKka3aTb, TO BOCNPHHMYHBOCTh pyMbIHCKHX coamaT K coBeTCKoi mponarange HenpepsiBHO pocaa. O6 3TOM KPaCHOpeyHBO TOBOpAT awe OMpocos BoeHHONeH- HBIX, MPHBeMeHHBIe B OAHOM 3 AOKNaMOB NOAKTOTAeAa 51-4 apmMuu. Bo sBpema Hos6pbckoro HacTynveHHaA Ob onpowenbt 1992 pyMblHcKHx comgata wu obuuepa. M3 nux 978, unu 48%, HMenH H 4HTaMH cOBeTCKHe JHCTOBKH. B xoge Deka6ppckux Goes Guo onpouleHo 2225 pyMBIHCKHX BOCHHOMJIeHHEIX, H3 HHX 1892, HH 85%, xpaHHJH JHCTOB- kH!0l, MectHble 2KHTeIH OcBO6OX%KAeHHEIX cen CayoBoe, 3apetHoe, nepesHy Opsosckad H ApyrHx paccKa3bIBaqH, 4TO, Kora COBeTCKHe CaMONeTH pasO6pacblBanH AHCTOBKH B MeCTOPaCcNONOXKeHHH PYMBIHCKHX CONMaT, MocmemHHe CO- 6upanuch rpynnaMH HM YHTaTH HX BCayx. Hexotopple py- MBIHCKHe COMJaTb HaGHpanH MHOTO AHCTOBOK, a 3aTeM pa3qaBaH UX CBOHM OAHONOMYaHaM. Tak, ABa PpyMBIHCKHX congata 43 2-H potn l-ro GaTanbona 21-ro nexoTHoro TlomKa, co6pas 26 yeKa6pa 40 ancTOBok, pacnpesenHaH HX cpeamH comfaT cBoef poTH uw BMecTe c ApyruMu 27 conma- TaMH MepeuimH Ha cropony Kpacnofi Apmun!?, B xoge Meka6pbckoro HactyneHuaA nomuToTzen 51-ii apMuH mepe- TIpaBHs yepes AHHHIO PpoHta 1] BoeHHONMeHHEIX pyMBIH, v3 HHX 8 BepHysHCb, MpHBegA c co6oH 34 yenoBeKka!®3_ Kak u caegoBat0 oxkHLaTb, NpoBa HacTynseHHa rpyn- nb apMui «Jlon» no Ae6noKupoBaHulo rpynnuposku Ilay- qoca yCHIHA TpeHHa MexAy THTMepOBaMH MH PyMBIHCKHM coio3HHKoM. E. Manuitefv, KoTOppA HakaHyHe HacTymue- HHA XBaCTIHBO yBepan AHTOHeCKy, TO «CnaBy ycnexa BMeCTe C HeMeIKHMH YaCTAMH pa3qeAT H PYMBIHCKHE 11 TA MO CCCP, >. 244, on. 2980, a. 148, 1, 24. 12 Tam xe. 3 Tam xe, 1. 26. 42 BolicKa», MOTOPONHICA CBaJHTb BHHY 3a Mopaxkewue Ha pyMBIHcKy!0 apMuio. 27 neka6pa 1942 r. on u34an npHKas, B KOTOPOM NOMYepKHBatOch, 4TO «y GombUloH . 4acTH KOMAHQHpoB H COMMaT 4-1 PyMBIHCKOM apMHH HET 2%KeNa- HHA BORBATbY, TO OPHUEPH «KOTAAaWT MpHKa3b 06 oTCTyN- JleHHH TOPAa, KOra CPpOYHOH HEOGXOAHMOCTH B 3TOM HET». Ha caenzyioumui feHb BO BpemMa BcTpeyn B IIpeanne c THTJ@pOBCKHM TeHepasiom Xaydde, pyKoBoAHTeeM HeMeu- Ko# BoeHHow MuccHH B Pymuinun, HW. Antonecky Bupa- 3H. KpaiiHee HeAOBOAbCTBO 9THM IIpHKa30M H 3aABHA, YTO «oTHoweHHe Manuitefiva K PyYMBHCKOH apMHH MpHBO_HT K NlomHoh notepe 4-H apMHH, BXOgAlle B cocTaB rpynnyt apmuit «J[on»!%, KongzykatTop no3sBonun ce6e 2axe BLIpa- 3HTb COMHEHHe B BO3MOXKHOCTH THTEPOBCKHX BOCK OCcTa- HOBHTb HactymmeHHe Kpacioit Apmuu. Uto6h yMepHTb Mbl OcMeseBWero Mapllata, ruTse- POBULI pewHH eMy HaNOMHHTb © cyllecTBOBAaHHH elle OAHOrO MpeTeHseHTa Ha MOCT KOHAYK9TOPa — raaBapA okenesHorBapaehues X. Cumbl. B Konue geka6pa 1942 r. Obl HHCWeEHHPoBaH NoOGer mocnegHero H3 Jareps, roe OH AKOObI Obl «HHTepHHpOBaH». OfHoBpeMeHHO, KaK ABCT- ByeT H3 OTYeTa CHrypaHibl, B camo PyMbIHHH ruTaepoB- ckof areHTypoi pacnpoctpaHauch cayXxXH, 4YTO «BOSHHKAH Pa3sHOrmacHa Mey Mapulanom AHTOHeCKy H pyKOBOJH- TeNAMH peliXa, KOTOPble HaMepeHbI NpOH3BecTH rocysapcT- BeHHBIii MepeBopoT H COpMHpoBaTb MpaBHTebCTBO H3 ‘lerHoHeEpoB»!®, Ho oco6oro adekta 3Ta recTanoscKad 3aTea He uMeaa. B ycaoBuax nopaxkeHuaA HeMeLKUX BOficK H Mase- HHA BoeHHoro MpectHxKa Tepmannn HW. Autonecky m03B0- “ua ce6e BHpa3HTb BO3MYeHHe NOJOOHKIMH MeTOaMH Hasnenun. Tutneposuam MpHuisoch 6HTb OTOOH H HCKaTb NYTH criaxkHBaHHA KOnsNKTa!o, KonayKaTop H ero 3aMecTHTenb OblnH MpHrialieHy B ctasky Tutaepa. 3aroTopaeHHoe otpHuHabHOe KOMMIOHH- ke 0 Meperopopax, npoucxogusmux 10—12 snpapa 1943r. B cTaBke diopepa B Boctounot IIpyccuu, 6bi0 BiepxKa- ‘4 Anale, 1960, N 1, p. 91. 105 HA, . MukpodunbMit pyMbicKHx goKyMeHToB. Darea de seam4 asupra starii de spirit, situatiei politice, miscarile sociale, peafesionale gi minoritare in intervalul 1 aprilie 1942 — 1 aprilie ot Cu: e6edes H. H. Yeas. cou., c. 417. 43 HO B BO3BHILICHHHX TOHAX, B HEM FOBOPHJIOCb 0 «BeMHKOM BKlage» BoeHHO-dbauuctcKoH PymbinuM B BoiiHy!’, 06 o6ulHOCTH cyye6 rocyfapcTB ocH B «HoBoH Espones!®. Tutaep oGemlan npefoctasutb PyMBHHH BoopyxkeHHe H cHapaxkenve faa «BoccTaHoBreHua> 19 _HBH3HA, npHyeM ¢ oNaatoi B KpeqHT H B pa3Mepe NOOBHHEI HX CTOHMO- cTH!, a TaKxKe yBeIHYHTb NOCTaBkKH 2eNe3HO pyab, KOX%KH H Apyrux ToBapos. B Gecene [utaep ctapaaca y6e- AUTb KOHAYKaTOpa, 4YTO Nopaxkenue nog CtanuHrpagom He NoBANAeT Ha XOM BOMHEI, HO TYT Ke, 3aNyruBan PyMBIH- ckKoro QUKTaTopa nepcnekTuBoh nobezn CCCP, tpe6osa. HOBBIX 2KePpTB JIA ycnewHOro OKOHYaHHA BohHB'!, HW. An- TOHECKy COrMacHJCA OCTaBHTh B pacnopsxXeHHH repMaH- ckoro KoMaHfOBaHHa Ha Kapka3ze u B Kppimy 8 pyMblH- CKHX JUBH3HH, a TaKXKe «MpHAOKHTb BCe YCHIHA», YTOOI B 1943 r. gopecTH noctasky Het TepManun u Arannn Qo 4 man. T!!!, Tlo BosppauienHn B ByXxapecT KOHAYK3TOpa %1aH HO- Bue HempuatTHocTn. Tlonyyus oTka3 wita6a [layawca oT kanutyaauun, Kpachaa ApMua npuctyniaa kK THKBH_auHH OKPy2KeHHBIX HeMELKO-PyMBIHCKHX (alHCTCKHX BOCK B pattone Ctanuurpagta. Bmecte c rHT1epoBcKHMH coeqHHe- HHAMH B STHX GOAX ObIIH PasrpoMJeHH H MeHeHH 20-8 NexoTHad W 1-8 KaBanepHiickad AHBH3HH pyMbIH. B Kone AHBapA CaHCb B MeH KOMAHAPH STHX AHBH3HH TeHe- pans Jlymutpuy x Bpatecky!!?, Tak niayesHo 3aKOHYHJOCL 7 Kak u B npenbayunx sctpeyax c Tutaepom, H. Antonecky MpuBe3 c CO6OM AOKyMeHTH, CBHZeTeABCTBYIOULHe O «6ONbIIOM BKIaze> PyMbIHHH B aHTHcoBeTckyi0 BofiHy. OH Hagenuca, 4TO cyMeeT J0- OuTbCA OT Opepa pAa SKOHOMMYECKNX H MOMHTHYeCKHX yCTYNOK. STH DOKyMeHTH! AWWHHA pa3 NOATBepKMAWT AHTHHAUHOHATbHBA xa- Paktep HOANTHKH pyMBHCKHX npaBHTeaef. Tak, cormacHo uM, PyMi- HHA Mpegoctapina Tocynapctsam oc 3a 1940—1942 rr. oko.10 8,3 MAH. T HepTH, B TOM uncre Tepmannn — cahwe 6,3 MAH. T, noTepAB Ha 93THX MOCTaBKaX 10 AOBOEHHIM ueHaM Gonee 35 Mapa. ees, H CTOAbKO %e MOTpaTiia Ha COmepxKanite HeMeUKIX BOlicK, ANcOWMpOBaHHEX B PyMBHu 108 Universul, 1943, 18.1. 109 HiopHGeprekwi mpouecc Had 1aBHiMH HeEMeUKIMH BOeHHBIMH npecrynHHkaMu. B 7-mu_t., T, 2. M., 1958, c. 712. "0 Hepasaan B. JI, Kyraxoe JI. H. [\nnaomatua arpeccopos. M., 1967, ¢, 274. M1 Hillgruber A. Op. cit, p. 153; HLA, @. Muxpoduama py- MBIHCKHX OKyMeHTOB. Notd asupra livrarilor de produse petrolifiere catre Germania. 12 IJA MO CCCP, . 341, on. 5312, a. 145, 2. 90. 44 yuacTHe PYMBIHCKHX BOMcK B MOxOge HeMellko-PawncTcKon apmuu Ha Ctaqunrpag. Sto Obiio caMoe KpynHoe HX MO- paxkenve Ha CoBeTCKO-repMaHcKoM qppoute. Bce 18 pyMBH- CKHX JHBH3HA, OpowenHbe B Oot Ha Jlony u Bosre, 6pau pasrpomsenn. Pymbiuckad apMus noTepsida Sombule nosz0- BHHBI O6Llero YHCNa CBOHX AMBH3HH H ABe TpeTH AelicT- BYIOUMHX Ha COBETCKO-repMaHCKOM pouTe, npHyem HaH6o- qlee ONBITHEIX H Goecnoco6ublx. Eciu B MeMopaHayMe «BoenHblit Bk1aq, PyMbIHHH B BOHHy mpotus CCCP», npea- ctapeHHom Tutmepy B centa6pe 1942 r., yKa3biBaoce, ¥TO O6UHe NOTepH PYMBHCKOH apMHH CocTaBHAH fo | aB- rycta 174886 congat, yHTep-obuuepos wu oduuepos, TO B HOBOM MeMOpaHayMe, BpyyeHHom MH. Auntonecky diopepy BO BpeMA ux BCTpeywH 10—12 ansapa 1943 r., burypupo- Bato yHc0 370206 yenoBeK (H3 Hux 286 332 yOuTBIMH, TaKeNOPaHeHBIMH H MeHHBIMH), a MOTepH B BOOpyKeHHH YBeAHYHIHCb 3a 3TO BpeMA c 52,1 Maps. aees go 250 Mapa. lees, He CHHTaM Apyroro ywlep6a, BLIpaxaBlleroca TakxKe B MecaTKax MHJIMapzos sees!!3, C nHKBHAAaUHeH B AHBape 1943 r. okpyxeHHOM cTanHHrpascKoh rpynnupoBkH ruTe- posues norepH PyMbIHHH B XXHBOM CHTe H TeXHHKe elle 6onee Bospocav. CreqopatTenbHO, 3a HeCKOAbKO MecaleB Goes nog CtaqwHrpagoM pyMBIHCKad apMHA MoHecaa Gonbule Notepb, 4¥eM 3a Bech NpeAbAyuIM NepHog BOMHE. Ho u cyMeBuIHe BbIPBaTbCA H3 MeKa PyMBIHCKHe Bol- cka, Kak yoke OTMe4aJ1OCb, NPaKTHYeCKH ObIIH HeNpHrOgHH Aaa anbHehmux Goeswx gelictaHi. PaspegoTgen 3-A py- MBIHCKOM APpMHH JOKafbBa BbILIeCTOAWeMy HavasBcTBy: «Hemelko-pyMbIHCKHe BOfCKa, MpHOblBulHe H3 paiioHa "3 WTA, . Muxpopuseyy PYMBIHCKHX okymeHToB. Die mili- tarische Anstrengungen Rumaniens im Kriege gegen UdSSR; Anale, 1960, Ne I, p. 84. B Geceze c rutaeposckuM reHepatom Tan3exom, KacaaCb nOTepb PYMBIHCKOA aPMHH B BOOPyXKeHHH, CHapAXKeHHH H APyTHx BOeHHEIX MaTepHanax, H. Antonecky 3aspun: «Mp notepaant oKo10 200 Mapa. Ha [ony u Bp Crannurpaze» (Hiopx6eprcxuf npo- uecc..., 7. 2, ¢. 711). O ToM, ¥TO mpeazctaBaAaH co6oh STH MaTepHanb- Hble NOTepH 2A PYMBIHCKOM apMHH, KpacHOpewHBO ToBOpAT clezyI0- we uNdpel: 3a nepHom c 6 cextAGpA 1940 r. no 25 cdespana 1943 r., T. @, 3a 2Ba c NONOBHHOM roga npaBneHHa AuToHecky, Ha MaTepHasb- Hoe OcHalleHiie apMHH Obim0 BbiqeneHO 217 Mapa. neeB, H3 HHX pea- ‘1130BaHO 192 Mapg. fees. Sta cyMMa coctaBiana bonee 80% Toro, 4TO GbiNO H3pPacXOMOBaHO Ha 9TH Wen 3a Bech nepHon c 1928 mo 1942 r. (AJA, . Muxpopunms pyMuicKux goKymentos. Sintezd Privitoare Ja acti tea de inzestrare. Lucrarea raspunde ordinului d-lui Maresal transmis prin cabinetul militar 22.11 1943. 4S 6oep Ha mepedbopmupoBaHHe B 30Hy PoctoBa, cocToAT H3 MeJKHX, Ppa3pO3HeHHHX rpynn, B GombuMHcTBe cayyaeB He30praHv30BaHHHIx, 6e3 BOOPyKeHHA, B PBaHOM OOMYH- Auposanuu». Jlanee B AOKyMeHTe cKa3aHO, 4TO CpeqH AHY- HOFO COCTaBa MHOFO OGMOPOXeHHEIX, MOPasbHoe cocToA- HHe €fO HM3Koe, «MOUTH BCe WHAT H OOBHHAIOT KOMaHJO- BaHWe B OTCYTCTBHH OpraHH30BaHHOCTH HH HHTepeca K HuM>!''4, B panopte 4-i PyMBIHCKOM apMHH OT 26 saHBapsA 1943 r. TakxKe OTMeYaOcb, YTO «, H3MaBaTb axe AIA KOMAHAHOFO cocTaBa HHopMallWOHHHe G6ro.leTeHH, cofepxalllve COO6WeEHHA HHOCTPpaHHOH mpecchl H pasHo, nepecbilaTb MHCbMa Ha POAHHY, MHHYA WeH3ypy H T. J. BoewHocayXalluM BMeHANOCb B OOA3AHHOCTh 3afepKHBATb H MepegapaTb B PyYKH KapaTeAbHEIX OpraHoB JHU, BbICKa- 3HIBaBLUHX OTPHUaTeMbHOe OTHOLWeHHe K AHTHCOBeTCKOM Bohtue!!®, B uenax 3sanyrupanua xHTeTeH Byxapecta, rge nanu- ka MpHHsana oco6ble pasMeph, B CaMbIf KaHyH HOBOrO Toga 6b OGHapofoBaH MpHKa3 BOeHHOrO KOMeHAaHTa ro- poga, 3anpeulapuiui «nyOn“4HO KOMMeHTHPOBaTb s1106nIe CBefeHHA, CBASAHHbIe C AeHCTBHAMH apMHH, BHYTpeHHell H BHelHer NONHTHKOM>"!9, Oguako rposHble npvka3bI He NoMoraqH. B Ha4dane AH- Bapa 1943 r. curypaHia JoKjagbipana: «CongaTH, Bo3- Bpaujaiouyneca c pouTa, ¢ MOpasHTeNbHBIM JerKOMBICAH- €M 3aBA3HIBAIOT MHCKYCCHH, CMBICA KOTOPHX 3ak0¥aeTCA B TOM, 4TOOB NOKa3aTb, YTO PYMBIHCKO-HeMeLKHe BOMCKa otctynaiot. YrpepxmaeTcA, YTO PYMBIHCKHe 4aCTH, KOTO- Pie BoeBanH B H3tyuHHe Iona u B paiione Cranunrpana, Novecam GoapulMe MoTepH, a HeKoTOpHe GM NOAHOCTHIO 8 Tam ae, . 706, on. 2, a. 9, a. 193. 49 Timpul, 1943, LI. a7 YHuYTOKeHbI»>'2°, HW Hapos, cKa3aHo B ApyroM JOHeCeHHH, «C JOBepHeM OTHOCHTCA K 3THM PaccKa3aM, TaK KaK OHH HCXOMAT. OT y4aCTHHKOB 6oeB>!?!, Kak ‘asctByeT 3 MpHka3a renuita6a ot 19 aHBapA 1943 r. pasHocunkaMH «MopaKeHuecKHX C1yxOB» 6blaM He TOKO CONMaTH, HO H, YTO «OCOGEHHO CTPallHO... o*utie- pH»!22, 24 supapa MuHucTp oGoponnt K. Tanta3n u Ha- 4YaibHHk renwta6a WH. Wtepaa notpe6opanu oT KoMaH- AMpoB yacTeH H coemMHeHH <«OObABHTb MO pacnucky BceM G6e3 HCKMO¥eCHHA BOSBPalllaiolluMcaA Ha POAHHY» oO CYpOBLIX Mepax Haka3aHHA 3a pacmpocTpanenHe cBeqeHHi © MonoxweHHH Ha cbpoute!?3, Cnycta HeCKObKO AHel 3a noanucp renepana IlItebau nosBunca cneuwarbHBlit MIpHKa3-HPKyAp KOMAHAOBaHHO pa3rpoMAeHHHIX NOL Cranmurpagom 3-% u 4-H apmMuit c TpeGopaHvem «ToTYac 2ke» BHYWWHTb ohHuepaM H coNaaTaM HeOOXOMHMOCTb «MO1¥aTb», BecTH GOecnollagqHyio Gopp6y c «nopaxkenye- ckHMH TeyeHHAMH». K mpHKa3y 6bII0 MpHO%KeHO BO33Ba- une AnToHecKy K y¥aCTHHKaM 6oesB nog CtTaHHrpagomM Hu Ha Jlony c MpH3bIBOM «OTpeybCA OT TATOCTHEIX MbIcJeli» No BOSBpauleHHH B CTpaHy, «NepeA AWUOM MepexHBaeMbIX TpyaHoctefi coxXpaHHTb cMoKolictBHe H OoppocTh pyxa», Ho, Kak CTapaJica OKa3aTb KOHAYKSTOP, OCHOBaHHA AA yHBIHHSA HeT!?4, Ho yG6equTb B 3TOM commaT He yatocb. Kak ropopun JI. HW. Bpexkues, « 5, B pokiaqHow 3anicKe NomwTynpasaenus IOx- Horo @ponta «I]oANTHKO-MopasbHOe COCTOAHHe HeMeLKUX Bolick, JelicTByioulux Ha IOxKHOM porte, NO cocTOAHHIO Ha 1 mapta 1943 r.», HamucaHHO mo ropayHM caeqam co6bitHi, untaem: «Tu6enb apMHH og CrTanuurpagom BbI3Ba1a H3BECTHYIO PaCTepAHHOCTb, HeAOyMeHHe H TpeBo- ry 3a MepcnektHBb BOHEI H CBOIO cyab6y. Hexotopsle con- ath, B3ATHIe B MeH, MaKe CYHTAIH, YTO Nopaxkenne Nor Cranuurpagom o3HayaeT mpourppu scei BomHn. Ho un Tex, KTO BepHT B No6exy Tepmannu, nopaxkenue nog Cta- JHHTpagoM CHbHO OGecnoKOHAO... OAHO HECOMHEHHO, ¥TO HeT Obloro eMHCTBa NosaBAAloUle YaCTH HEMELKHX Con- at B BoMpocax o MepcnektHBax Bohn»! Jina congat 4 otpHuepoB qammucTckux apMua cnopo «CTanuurpan» cTaso CO3BY4HEIM CO C1OBaMH «OKpyKeHHe» H «KaTa- cTpota». * * * Kak 4 cregoBato OKNJaTb, Mopaxenyeckue HacTpoe- HHA, OOA3Hb NOBTOPeHHA CTaMHHTpagcKoro KOTMa OXxBaTH- aH pyMbIHcKHe BOfcKa, HaxoquBuIMeca Ha CesepHom Kas- ka3e. HecmMotpa Ha BCe YXHUpeHHa THTMepOBCKOTO KOMaH- AOBaHHA, H3BECTHA O pasrpome Ha Bosre nH HacTyNTeHHH Kpacno# Apmun B Hanpaspnenuu Poctosa-na-Jlouny, co3- Mapulem yrpo3y Tham rpynn apMuf «A», ObicTpo 0- WIM 20 CoN_aT H OuUepOB pyMBIHCKHX AHBH3HA. Ewe 20 AHKBHZalHH OKpyxXeHHOH rpynnupoBku Tlaysoca KoMaH- Ropanve 2-H TaHKOBOH apMHH HeMUeB, B COCTaBe KOTOPOK Reictpopana 2-4 pyMbIHCKad rOpHOCTpenKoBaA AHBH3HA, AOKNapblBad O NPHYHHaX CHHXKeHHA MOpadIbHO-GoeBoro AyxXa pyMbIHCKHXx YacTeH, yKa3blBano: «JIM4HOMy cocTaBy, NO-BHAMMOMY, GObIMH aHbt OGellaHHa 06 oOTMpaBKe Ha poauny. Kpome toro, onn (commatb. — H. JI.), kaxetca, OcBefOMJeHEI Oo NomoxKeHHH B CtanHHrpaze»!27, C mepexogom B HactTymneHHe Bofick 3aKkaBKa3cKoro pouta DeMopanu3auwA PyMBIHCKHX BOlicK elle 6o.1bUe ycwtunacb. Yxe B AHBape 1943 r. pyMBIHCKOe KOMaHJO- "28 Bpexxes JI. H. Jlenucknm kypcom, T. 2. M., 1970, c. 68. ‘8 ILA MO CCCP, >. 244, on. 2980, a. 149, 1. 97, 98, 104. 1973, Tpewro A, A, Butea 3a Kapka3, u3g. 2-e, aononnennoe. M., , c. 217. 4H. 9. Jesur 49 BaHHe MocTaBHao Bonpoc oO Mepe6pocKe B Kpbim cBOHX JH- BH3Hi, «KOTOpble BBeZeHbI B Ooh B nosoce 17-f apMuu», NovecwieH B 3THX CpaKeHHAX 3HAdHTeNbHEIe noTepH!?8, B nayane cdespata mpu BHCanKe coBeTCKOro gecaHTa Ha 3anaguom Gepery Llemecckoii 6yxtbt ocoGeHHo Gonbuo Ypou 6b HaHeceH 10-4 nexoTHOM QHBH3HH PyMbIH!29, Ha Cesepnom Kaska3e, Kak HW Nog CtaaHHrpazom, HeNOBHHOBeHHe HavabHHKaM H NpAMOM OTKa3 cCpaxkaTbca npotus Kpacnoi ApMux cTaqH ¥aCTbIMH ABJeHHAMH cpelH PYMBIHCKHX ConfaT. Muorve gesepTupoBanu, yxoqHIH B Thi. B patone [kako KOMaHOBaHHe alHcTCKHX Bolick cO31a10 CNelHanbHble Jarepa, Kya OcTaBAAAHCb CXBayeHHBle MpH NoMmbiTKe K GercTBy PyMBIHCKHe Cco/sfa- teI'30, Kak OTMe4aOCcb B PpyMBIHCKOH pa3sBegzcBogKe Ne 12, HafigeHHOm cpeqM 3aXxXBayeHHBIX TpodeHHEIX MOKyMeHTOB, «HeMUbl pasopyKawT HW HaNpaBAAIOT B AarepaA MA BOeH- HONMeHHEIX GONTAIOUMXCA CONMAaT, roe ANA HX ycTaHaB- auBaeTCA TaKOH 2Ke PEXUM, KaK MH A COBETCKHX BOCHHO- TIeHHBIX»!3!, Muorve pyMbIHCKHe cosfaTbl, 2a H HeKoTOpHe ouue- PH, BHAeIH BHXOA H3 CO3faBlerocd MoNO*KeHHA B Mepe- xoge Ha cTopony Kpacuof Apmun. B anpape 1943 r. tonb- Ko B Nomoce 37- apMHH NepelH AMHMIO poHTa H Cfa- avcb B nen Gonee 500 pymuin!'®?, 13 anpapa 1943 r. B patione Uepkaccka wenHKOM Mepemien Ha cTopony Kpac- Hoi ApMuH aMuHBI §=coctaB 1- Gatapen 1-ro ropHoro apPTAHBH3HOHa (Bcero 39 yenoBeK BO raBe c JleiiTeHaH- tom)'33, CongaTHl H CaM KOMaHZHp HMeH pH ce6e copeTckHe aHcToBKH («Bpatba-pyMblubi!>, «OTzenenue cepxaHTa Baguks we XO¥eT BOeBaTb 3a HeMUeB» H Mp.). B patone cTaHuubt TuMouesckoi Ha cTopony Kpacnot Apmuu mepeliao wenoe oTAeneHHe PyMBIH BO TaBe c cep- 2KaHTOM H MpHBe3no c co6oH nosBogy, rpyxeHHyio WHHe- 128 Tpeuxo A. A. Yxa3. cow. c. 331, B coctas 17-f HemeuKoi ap- MHH ObilnH BKMOYeHE 10-A H 19-A MeXOTHBIe QHBH3HH, 3-8 ropHOcTpen- kopaa H 9-8 KaBanepHiickad AMBH3HH, a TakxKe ApyrHe pyMBIHCKHe wacTH. "29 11A MO CCCP, @. 224, on. 958, a. 72, a. 13 06; Hctopua Beauxoh Otevectsenno soft Cosetckoro Cow3a 1941—1945 rr., T. 3, c. 92. 1 Tam xe, ¢. 224, on. 958, a. 72, a. 13 06. 131 Tam we, a. 69, a. 11. 182 Tam we, 2. 73, 1. 4. 33 Taw Ke, a. 72, 1. 19. AMH, CanoraMH, NpogyKtaMu nmutanna. Mnorga conmater Mp OTCTyMeHHH MpsaTanHch y MeCTHOTO HaceneHHA, O- 2%KHaach mpHxofa Kpacuof Apmun. B crannue Conetckaa TaKHM O6pa30M NepellmH Ha CTOpoHy coBeTCKHX BOHCK 43 pyMblHCKHX ComfaTa, B cTaHHue Hopaa xH3Hb — 19, B copxose uMeHn MH. B. Cranuna — 26 u T. a! [lo MpH3HaHHiO MHOFHX CouaT, pellleHve TaKHM MyTeM MOKOH- UHTb C HeHABHCTHOM BOMHOM OHH MPHHAAH NOL BAMAHHeEM COBETCKHX JIHCTOBOK H OOpalleHHi cBOHX TOBapHulel, Ha- XOMALLNXCH B COBETCKOM Mureny!?5, Kak u B xoge CTanuHrpagcKoh OHTBE, BO BpeMA Ha- cTyNatTesbHIx onepaun Cepepo-KapKasckoro dpoxta noautopraHb! KpacHofi ApMHH oTMycKanH HeKOTOpHIX py- MBIHCKHX BOCHHOMJeHHBIX B pacnojoxKeHve MpOTHBHHKa, uTOObI OHH paccKka3aH MpaBy W NOMOFIH pasBeATb MHL pallucTcKo mponaraHgbl o copeTcKom muene'®®, Tak, WeCTb BOCHHONEHHEIX PyMBIH, MepeOpoweHHEIX NOAHTOT- Reno 9-fi apMHH Yepes AHHHIO poHTa, BepHysjHcb Ha3aZ, a OAHH H3 HHX, Tlonecky, NpwBes wecTb rHTAepoBles, M0- TepaBuux Aopory!?7, Ha ocHope o606uleHHA NMONHTAOHeCeHH apMHA, Kop- nycoB H JHBH3Hi B «; «colsHHKH Tepmaniw ovenb cna6bl H BCe BpeMA TepnaT MOpaxeHus, GSoecnoco6- HOCTb HX BOO6ue HHKyMa He TOMHTCA; HeMeIKHe COWSHHKH ABAAWTCA HMI Hib m0 HasBaHMio» HT. 2. (LIA MO CCCP, @. 229, on. 612, A. 100, a. 99, 112, 116, 125, 130 4 ap.). “8 JIA, g. MukpouapMpl pyMblHCKHX fOKyMeHToB. Telergama atasatului militar roman la Marele Cartier German din Berlin refe- titor la starea de spirit din Germania. 5.11 1943. 53 13 u 15-a OkpyxeHHBle AHBH3HH HHKaKOrO BOeHHOFO BKJa- Ma He BHECJIH H HalpacHo Onan TlOKePTBOBaHHl. Buuy 3a 3TO opuueph BO3JaraloT Ha Bepxosuoe KOM@HOBaHHe H ocoGeHHo Ha Hemues... Beso6pasHoe nopegsenve HeMeLKHX BOMCK BbI3Ba/I0 Tay6oKoe HEQOBOJIbCTBO Hallux BOHCK 0 TOK TIpH4HHe, YTO YaCTH, MOCMAHHHe Ha MOMOLIb, NeEPpBHMH 2Kke H COexKaH, NOHATHO, NOM MpHKpHITHeM PYMBIHCKHX AMBH3HH, KOTOpHX MpHHeciH B %XepTBy». Pasrpom uita6a 5-ro pyMBIHCKoro apMeiickoro Kopnyca oObACHAeTCA pa3- BeOTAeCJIOM BHE3aNHbIM OTXOJOM H3 TlepenazoscKoro HeMelKOrO CanepHOroO GOaTamboHa u GercTBOM «HeMelKoit MPOTHBOTAHKOBOH POTHI MPH Bue PyCCKHX TaHKoOB». «22-9 (Hemeukas. — H. JI.) TawKopaad HBH3HA, — cka3aHO Aanee B 3TOM JOKyMeHTe, — 6e3 NpexynpexpeHHA oTcTy- muna v3 Jlonunucka nox mpHkpbitHem octatkos 15-i gH- BH3HH, BHpBaBLIHXcA H3 OKpyxeHHA. B Bapsamose nor NpHKpbiTHeM B3B02a 55-f momuuelicKoH poTH oTCTyNHA H uiTa6 22-i TaHKoBoh quBH3HH» 46, TIpampim C€ACTBHEM BCeFO STOO ABHJOCh AambHefwee yCHeHHe HeMpHASHH MeKAy cONMaTaMH H opuuepamMu Bolick «coiwsHHKoB», <«JlocTOMHHIM comKaeHHA ABIAeTCH TO, — 3aKJ104UaloT COTPpyYAHHKH KOHTppa3BeAKH, — TO TipeAcTaBuTelH repMaHCKOH apMHH BeLyT Nponaranzy mpo- THB Hac, MpeACTaBJIAA Kak «HCL|HBHJIH3OBaHHbIX», «QHKa- pel», (UPA MCCP, 6. 706, on. 2, a. 9, a. 207). 54 BH, BbICaxKHBaNH H3 Moe3poB!5°, B KOTOpBIX ceOBaIH HeMUbI, OHH MpHkKNaqaMH MO pyKaM, KOrfa KTO-TO H3 HX MbITaica 3a6paTbcA B HeMelKHit rpy30BHK, HHOraa H paccTpetHBaH TO, BHAOM opbObl c esepTHpcTBOM. Topopa © NosoKeHHH Ha (poHTe, PYyMBIHCKHe cousaTHI MPHBOAWAH KOHKpeTHbIe PakTH H32eBaTeNbCTB THTepoB- WeB, C H€HABHCTbIO OT3HIBaIHCh 0 HHX 3a «'s!, yTBep2k aH, 4TO HMeHHO H3-34 HeMUeB «MOUTH BCA PYMBIHCKad apMua Obina yHHuTOKeHa». «Bce 9T0, — QTMe¥aeTCA B ONHOM H3 JOKYMeHTOB CHrypaHUbl, ‘qaTHpoBaHHoM 5 despana 1943 r., — BbIsBano TpeHHA MexKy HEMeWKHMH H PYMBIHCKHMH BOHCKaMH, OCO6eHHO B nocneqHee BpeMA, KOrMa cpeAH COMMaT, YYACTBOBABLIHX B 6oax Ha Boctoke, mposBaneTca HeHaBHCTb K HeMelKHM BOHHaM...»!52 i B ycnopuax NopaxkenHi Ha poute, nazenua mpectu- 2a pefixa H yrayOnenHa NpoTHBopeyHH B Aarepe rocy- Mapes dawnctcKoro Groka paspactaBulaaca HenpHasHb Mey O*HuepaMH H COMMaTaMH «COW3HEIX® apMHit BbI3BI- Bana GecnoKofictso B Bepanue. Tam otfapann ce6e oT4eT B TOM, K KaKHM TAXKEJbIM MOCIELCTBHAM 3TO MOMKET MpH- BecTH. 21 espana 1943 r. H. Teopre coo6utan B Byxa- pect, uto T'vtnep, BcTpesoxkeHHbI «HHUHAeHTaMH Mex AY ComJaTaMH H PYMBIHCKHMH BOHHAMH, BbI3BAHHBIMH HesaB- HUMH COOLITHAMH>, OTZa MpHka3 HeMelKOMy KOMaHJO- 149 CornacHo tenerpamme H. Teopre ot 21 gespana 1943 r., TepMaHCKOe BepxOBHOe KOMaHAOBaHHe AKOOW MpH3Hano, YTO %KeHHH H SBaKyalHH HaWHxX (PyMBIHCKHX. — HW. JI.) poficx...» (AA, @. Mukpodunpmet pyMbincKHx OKyMeHTOB). B pesynptate 3THxX «ynylleHHii> PyMBIHCKHM COJaTaM MpHXO_HsOCb HegeraMit XogHTb ronogHbiMH (LITA MCCP, @. 680, on. 1, a. 4703, 1. 243 06). 180 11 espana 1943 r. KouTppa3BeabiBatenbHoe Giopo no_nonKoB- nuka Bagapsy noKaagpBano paspenotaeny 3-f pyMbiHcKOii apMui oO cay4ae, HMeBIUeM MeCTO Ha CTaHUHH 3amopoxbe: B HeEMeUKOM 91en0- He BENHAM 28a TOBapHIX BarOHa AMA PYMBIHCKHX Comsat H OpH- uepos, HanpaBaseMuix Ha Cepepo-Kaskasckui gpoxt. Ho rutneposunt BHIABOPHH CBOHX pyMBIHCKHX cowsHHKOB (LITA MCCP, 6. 706, on. 2, 2. 9, a1. 223). 151 Tam Ke, &. 680, on. 1, 2. 4424, 2. 917920. 18? Tam xe, 1, 917 06. 55 BaHHio «B GyayuleM BCAYeCKH H36eraTb CO31aHHA MOMOGHO- TO No.10xKeHHa»!®, Ho «u36eraTb» pacnpeit crano HesposmomxHO. Kak pac- CKa3bIBaH 2XKHTeNH OCBOGOKJEHHLIX paiionos CesepHoro~ Kaska3a noautpaGotuukam Kpacuofi Apmun, Ha yauuax HaceqeHHBIX MyHKTOB Ha [a3aX y MeCTHOTO HaceeHHs 4aCTO BOSHHKAH CTHUKH M@KAy PyMBIHCKHMH H HeMEl{- KHMH BOAKaMH. PyMBIHCKHe COMaTH Nopol He CKpHBaIH cpoeii paqocTH no NoBoxy Hey2ay HeMelKHXx co13HHKoB!*, Tara K MHpy CpeaH PYMBIHCKHX comfaT 6bIlna cTOIb BeNHKa, 4TO OHH, Kak CKa3aHO B JOHeCeHHH NO_HTOTAeNA 18-% apmMun, «<6espa3snH4uHO OTHOCATCA K cBOeMy OTCTyNNe* HHI, Gosee Toro, GOMbUIHHCTBO H3 HHX past sTOMy. Pa- AYIOTCA TOMY, ITO AHUOM OHH OOpalllenbl B CTOpoHy cBoe- ro goma. Bce ayMaioT cKopee A06paTbca Bo cBOHX pon- HbIX — BOT [laBHad Me¥Ta PyMBIHCKOrO congata>'®5, Bu- WaBas %*KeNaeMoe 34 JefCTBHTeNbHOe, PyMBIHCKHe CONLAaTH, KaK OTMe¥aeTCA B OMHOM H3 DOKyMeHTOB BoenHoro Cose- ta Cepepo-Kapkasckoro porta ot 10 espana 1943 r., PacnpocTpansAau clyxH O TOM, ¥TO «PyMBIHHA 3aqBHa © cBoeM BHXoge #3 BOMHEI>'®, QO MHOrOUNCHeHHBIX aHTH- BOCHHEIX BHICKA3HBaHHAX COAT DOKaLNBatH HW PyMBLH- ckHe KapaTesbHble OpraHbl. Tak, cHrypaHla QOHOCHAa, ¥TO OAHH H3 COALaT B MPHCyTCTBHH TOBapHUle cka3a: «...HaM He HYKHbI KOOHHH B PoccwH» uw He CTOHT BeCTH «BOMHy, uTOObI Co32aBaTb BeaHKy10 Tepmannio>'s7, T'ny60ko sctTpesoxkeHHbe coo6uleHHaMH 06 aHTHBOeH- HBIX H MOpaxKeH¥eCKHX HaCTpoeHHAX cCONLAT H OHUEpoB (pouTosylx yacte wu CcoeqHHeHHH, NpaBAlne KpyrH BoeH- 183 HJLA, @. MukpopHabMbl pyMBIHCKHX OKyMeHTOB. Dosar: Co- pii din telegramele atasatului militar roman a Marele Cartier General din Berlin. 1 TA MO CCCP, ¢. 371, on. 6386, a. 112, a. 82. 88 Tam xe, 1. 98, 986. B OKyMeHTax MpHBO_ATCA TaKHe KOH- Kpetubie dakt: 16 espana 1943 r. npH oTctynnenaH onuH 3 PYMBIHCKHX CONMaT BO BCeyCAbUWaHHe saaBun: «Ham ceftuac Ha poute ckasanw, Yo sofia KoHYaeTca, BofHy npourpanw, HMB Tenepb yesxKaeM B PyMblHHw, K ce6e NOMOM, HaulH CONMaTH OYeHb BeceNbl H OYeHb pag TakoMy coo6ulennw». [pyro commaT TakKe ny6au4HO cKa3aq: «Mb yxke yxOQHM oTcloga. Mb BOeBaTb He XOTHM. Pyccknit — Hau 6pat» (tam xe, «1. 82). 136 Tam >Ke, . 224, on. 958, a. 69, a. 3. ‘7 LITA MCCP, &. 680, on. 1, a. 4703, 1. 149. 56 Ho-PauncTcKo PyMWHHH pasBepHysH O¥epegHylo KaMna- 1110 NO «o3Z0poB.leHHIo» apMuu. B cnelHaabHOM mHcbée, apecoBaHHOM KOMAaHAYIOULHM coeAHHeHHA, MHHHCTp o60- poubt Tlautasu w HayaabHHK renuita6a Lltepaa ncaa: «[]po6neMoh KanuTatbHOro 3HayeHHa, OT KOTOPo MpAMO 3aBHCHT Cy{b6a apMHH H BOMHBI, ABIAIOTCA MOpaJbHOe O3OpoBeHHe H NOMbeM HallgOHANbHO-NaTPHOTHYeCKHX 4yBCTB yY BOHHOB BCeX YHHOB, riaBHbIM O6pa3soM y4acTBO- BaBIIHX B TAKeNNX OOOPOHHTeABHX GoAx mocneqHero BpeMeHH. Oty npoOwemy cnenyeT paccMaTpHBaTb Kak OCO- 60 BaxKHY!}0, OHA AOMKHA GbITb, NpewMeTOM MOcTOAHHOM 3a60TbI KOMaHZHpoB s06oro paHra»!s8, Otnpasanach Ha Cepepoit KapKas, yTo6n nog6onpuTb BolicKa H BHIACHHTb OGcTaHoBKy, [laHTa3H MpHxBaTHaA Cc co6o# Ba MpHka3a, nognucanHwe HW. Axntouecky. B nep- BOM, apeCOBaHHOM KOMA@HAMpaM PYMBIHCKHX coeqHHeHHA Ha CesepHom Kapka3e, nepeyncnaauch 3ana4un oduuep- ckoro cocTaBa HW TeHepanoB MO BOCCTaHOBeHHIO MOpadb- Ho-Goesoro zyxa Bolick. MM BMeHANOCh B O6A3AHHOCTS Hapaay c Mponaranguctckoli paSoToH no nosmepxKannio AHTHCOBeTCKOM BOAHE MpHMeHATb caMble cypoBble MepbI Haka3aHHA MpOTHB HOCHTeNeH NopaxkenyeckHx HacTpoeHHh. AuToHecKy HafeqHA KOMaHAMpoB = pYMBIHCKHX JHBH3Hit MmpaBoM yTBepK1aTb cMepTHHe NpHropopHl. Bo BTopoM Mpukase, MpesHasHayeHHOM fia BCero BOMCKa, KOHAYK3- TOp cTapasica yOequTb cONLaT H OcPHUepoB B HEOOXOAHMO- CTH MPOAOMXKHTb BOMHY «BO HMA TOFO, 4YTOOBI y6epeyb cTpaHy 4 pogHoh oyar oT nopaGomeHnua»!®?, 3aecb yMeCTHO CKa3aTb, YTO Nocne pasrpoMa 3-H H 4-H apmuii dauiucTcKan nponaraHfa BbHyKZeHa Ona cMeHHTb ToH. B HoBorogHe pew Kopona Muxaa yxons- muh 1942 r. 6b Ha3BaH » u ap. B uenax sanyrupahua congatam rosopHnu: «Man noGequm Ha 162 ITA MO CCCP, @. 337, on. 6386,.a. 112, 1. 175 06. ‘6 IITA MCCP, >. Muxpoduabmi pyMucKix goKyMenTos. 58 Boctoke, WH Hcye3HeM Kak rocyZapcTBO Ha KapTe MH- pa»!64, B pasocnanwoi «MuctpyKuwH 0 MOpaybHOM BocnHTa- HHH BOHHOB>, KOTOPan HaYHHaeTCA C KOHCTaTallHH COCTOR- HHA JenpeccHH B apMHH, O*uyepaM BMeHAOCb B O6A3aH- HOCTb BHYWATb CBOHM MOAUHHEHHEIM, ITO B Cayyae NOGegb CopetcKoro Cow3a mocaelyloT «yHHITOKeHHe PaHeHbIX», «OCKBepHeHHe WepKBH», «MaCcoBble BBICBIIKH PYMBIH B Cu6upb», «BeKoBoe pa6cTBo» u, 4TOOH H36exKaTb BCerO Toro, celyeT cpaxkaTbcA Jo KOHWa Ha CTOpOHe ruTwepoB- ues. Bmecte c Tem 24a NosmepxKatna GSoesoro yxa Bolick HeONOrHuecKHe HaCTaBHHKH PYMBIHCKOH apMHH BCsen 3a re66eibcopckoh mponaraHgoh cTapaucb yGeazuTb couzat, 4TO «MONOKeHHe Maneko He KaTacTpoduyeckoe, axe N0- BONbHO XOpoulee>, a 3HMHee OTCTYMeHHe <«COIO3HBIX Bolick» — BCerO JIHUb TaKTHKa, HaNpaBAeHHad «Ha yKo- PauHBaHHe JIHHHH poHTa H NyTeH cHaOKeHHA», BLIMaHH- BaHHe MpOTHBHHKa «

'!®, Baxueieh x%e 3anauei ouuepcKoro cocTaBa CcuHTasacb 6opb6a c BAHAHHeM KOMMYHHCTHYeCKOH HAeonorHH. B «Hucrpykunn» ropopHsiocb: «B qaHHblii MOMeHT, korga MHOrHe COaTH YacTel, MOCMaHHEIX Ha MepepopmHpoBa- HHe, HanpaBAAIOTCA K CBOHM CeMeMHBIM O4araM H OyAyT OGMeHHBaTbCA MBICIAMH C TeMH, KTO Ha pOgHHe, caMoe cpouHoe H HeOGXOAHMOe — mpefynpexHTh NpoHHKHOBeHHE OonbuiesH3Ma B CTpaHy». Bo HMA STOrO OHlepH, KOTO- pble, KaK CKa3aHO B 9TOM JOKYMeHTe, , 1O/2KHBI «MaKCHMaJbHO T1O2- HATb CBOH aBTOpHTeT». OcHopanHit aa TpeporH y KiuKH AHTOHeCKy 6bI0 Mpegoctatouxo. CongaTH OTKpHITO OOBHHANH CBOHX OH- WepoB H reHepaoB B Ge3sqapHocTH, HeyMeHHH pyKOBOAHTb 16 IITA MCCP, . 706, on. 2, 2. 9, a. 202. ' Tam Ke, . Muxpopnabmer PYMBIHCKIIX — JOKYMeHTOB. Instructiuni pentru educarea morala a ostasilor. 59 BofickaMH, TpycocTH H UIkypHHYectBe!®, Opranbl curypaH- Ub Cleat BHIBOL, ITO «yyaCTBOBaBIHe B 6oaX PyMBIH- CKHe COMaTH NoTepaTH JOBepHe K CBOHM odHuepam>'é7, Pa3spegoTgen 3-H apMHH TakKxKe cooOllat, YTO «oTbe3q B B CTpaHy HeKOTOPHX odulepoB, KOTOpHe Mog pa3sHbIMH npeaoraMH NOKHHyIH CBOH 4YacTH, KOMMeHTHpyeTca He- GaaronpHATHO H OLeHHBaeTCA OTPHUaTeMbHO coma- TaMH»!68, Bce Goee oco3HaBaa K/accoBhit XapakTep BOMHHI, KOTOpyio BexyT caulucTckHe rocyZapcTBa, MHOrHe comfa- Tb OOpalllanH CBO THeB He TOMbKO MpoTHB oHuepos H TeHepasiop cBoe 4acTH, HO H B WenoM MpoTHB rocnogct- BYIOWHX KaccoB H MpaBAWlel BepxylikH cTpaHbl. Kanpaa K. Dokypaxxny 3 10-ro erepcKoro nomka my6awqHo BbIpa- 3HIcA ClenyoulHM o6pasom: «HuHemHee pykopogcTBo — 3TO BOeHHaA MHKTaTypa, KOTOpaA cnoco6cTByeT oGoralle- HHO Obuyepos. KpecTbaHwH Huge He HaxogHT cnpapen- IMBOCTH, a Korga OH ee oOuBaeTcA, ero H36HBAaIOT. 166 Bot aN HeKOTOpHe BHICKasHBaHIIA TaKoro_poaa, oTpaxKeH- ube B OKyMeHTax Taino nonuuwn: «Cepxxant I. Kpuctecky 13 64-ro nonka TAXKeNOM apTHANepHH OTKPHITO 3aABH., YTO H3-3a Gespap- HocTH reHepana Tletposnyecky 6b0H yHHITOKeHN 3-A Hu 64-f noAKH TAxKeAOH apTHanepuH, 53-H nexoTHH nonk». B sTOM Ke MoHeceHHH NpiwogAatca cnenyioulue cosa ctapulero cepwanta T. Jlamana us 8-it pot 35-ro nexoTHoro monKa: «Oduuephl yMewWT TONbKO H3zZe- BaTbCA Ha COMMaTaMH, He 3HalOT HX HY%KM, a BO Bpema Gow Haxo- atch 3a 2—3 KM oT ponta» (LITA MCCP, 6. 680, on. 1, 2. 4703, a. 260 u 260 06.). Connat K, Typsem u3 29-ro aptnonka, pasrpom- jlenHoro B H3nyunHe Jona, O6BHHAN OHuepoOB AHBH3HH B TOM, 4TO OHI! MO6pocanK MaTepHabHyW YaCTb H €CTPeMHJHCh yBe3TH CBOH '®, Congatb OTKpbITO BHIpaxkaH COMHEHHA B TOM, 4TO MIpaBHTebCTBO CTPaHbl CTaHeT BHINOAHATh MHOFOKpaTHble o6eulaHva 06 yayulleHHH MaTepHadbHoro H mpaBoBoro nonoxKeHvaA Tpyaauaxca. Congata Tangzypy u Tona u3 16-ro apTnomKa, OTMeTHB, YTO «3a BCe BpeMaA npeOLipanna Ha @poute HB u3qyunHe Jona OHH He BUCH HH OAHOTO SoapHHa, KOTOpH Onl cpaxasica C HHMH 60K © Gok, cie- law BBIBOA, YTO «ecnH MHp OyfeT 3akmi0¥eH OospamnH, To Bce MOBTOpHTcs, Kak B Mpollsoh BoftHe>!7, 7. e. n10- WaMu ero OyyT NoAb30BaTbCA TOCMOACTBYWULHe KaCcHI. He TombKo comfaTb, HO H HeKOTOpbIe odulepHl, oco- 6eHHO H3 3aMaca, CTaIH DOBOMbHO OTKPHITO BHICKa3bIBaTb- CA MpPOTHB 3a4HHULHKOB BOMHEI. K TIOpeMHOMY 3aKsIOVeHHIO Obl ocyKeH Maqui neftenant sanaca T. Juma u3 24-ro nexoTHoro Nonka 3a TO, YTO «BHICKa3al pyraTeqb- uble copa B affpec Mapuiata Antouecky»'7!. B atom xe OOBHHAJICA Malu nefiteHant Jlasapecky u3 14-ro erep- ckoro nonka!??, Tlo Mepe 3aTArHBaHHA BOAHE! aHTHNMpaBHTeAbCTBeHHbIe 1 AHTHBOeCHHHIe HaCTpoOeHHA MpOABAAMHCh Bce yale. OHH YCHAHBaJHCh B CBA3H C MocTyMaloulHMH H3 PymbIHHH Bce Gonee Mpa4uHBIMH MBBECTHAMH 06 yxyfUlalolleMca no02%Ke- HHH TpyoBbIx Macc. Hepegko mposBenHa avTHnpaBH- TeNbCTBEHHHX HAaCTPOeHHA COMpoBOKaIHch OfO6pHTeNb- HBIMH BbICKa3biBaHHAMH oO Kpacnoi Apmun u CopetcKoit BNaCTH, XOTA, KaK H3BECTHO, TaKOBOe Kapasloch OcoGeHHO cyposo. 2 neka6pa 1942 r. curypawua JoKlaqHBana, 4TO «MpHObiBalollve c pOHTa PyMBIHCKHe COsaTH, O3HaKO- MHBUIHCh C MOO%KeHHeEM Jer H peopMaMH, ocyllecTBueH- uuiMH B CCCP B mowb3y COMHaNbHEIX HH30B, BOSBpallla- }OTCH C COBePpUeHHO H3MeHeHHEIM MHpoBo3speHiem. Ka- 2KeTCA, OHH CKMOHAIOTCH K OKa3aHHIO AOBepHA KOMMYHH3- my»!73, B nonecenuu oT 8 geka6pa 1942 r. ropoputca: «PyMBIHCKHe ComJaTH, BOSBpallalomueca c spouta, 3anB- SAIOT, YTO COBETCKHE COMMaT BOWIOT XOPOUlO, C SHTy3H- 1 Tam axe, ¢. 680, on. 1, n. 4468, 2. 345. 170 Tam xe, 1. 4596, 1. 242 06. ™ Tam xe, @. 706, on. 1, 2. 30, a. 140. '2 UOLA, o. P-307, on. 2, 2. 1258, a. 2. 3 LITA MCCP, ¢. 680, on. 1, 2. 4378, a. 706. 6 a3MOM H B TO Ke BpeMA OGalaloT MpekpacHbIM Boopy- 2KenveM. OTHOCHTeAbHO 2KH3HH pyccKHx pa6ounx MmpH CopetcKoi BiacTH OHH yTBepxK aT, YTO KHBYT OHH B OnaroycTpoeHHEIX JOMaX C KOMOPTOM, MOMb3y!OTCA COB- PeMeHHEIMH GOBITOBLIMH ycTaHOBKaMH»!”4, Kanpan I. Tonecky u3 12-ro ropuoro 6Gatanboua, cae- Hosapunh B noesze Ogecca—Byxapect, B MpHcyTCTBHIt MHOFHX MacCaXKMpOB 3aABHT: «...cOBeTCKHH peXKHM He Ta- KoH maoxoi, Kak 06 3TOM Ha4M TOBOpAT, rpaxkmaHcKoe HaceneHHe KHBeT Jyue MpH GonbueBHKax»'”>, Munuctep- CTBO BHYTpeHHHxX en 15 anpena 1943 r. noknaqHIBatO KOHAYK9TOpy, YTO BO MHOTHX HACeMeHHIX MYHKTaX ye320B Buaya u Cyyapa congaTH BOCXBaNAIOT «JOCTHKeEHHA GonbuieBHKoB»; B Bpauiope OHH paccka3biBatH, 4YTO B CCCP sugern coBpeMeHHble MpoMbIllleHHbIe NpeANpHATHA, «KaKHX He OKHJaIH yBHAeTb»; B Byssy u Kasapauie coz- ZaTbl TOBOpHH o «6oraTcTBax KO1x030B»'76, 28 maa 1943 r. ry6epHatopcrso Beccapa6ua coo6mano renuta6y, 4To OTAaH Mom cya ypoxweney r. XyuwiM Maag- win NefiteHant 3anaca Poman u3 54-ro GaTanbona cBa3H «3a BOCXBaJIeHHe KOMMYHHCTHYeCKOrO pexkHMa». OH cka- 3a, YTO «IHYHO HM@N BO3MOXKHOCTh y6eQHTbCA Ha OKKy- TIMpoBaHHow Tepputopun CCCP, uto np Ko1x03HOM cTpoe HaceeHHe %KHNO MyUUle, XOPOWIO MHTaOch H OfeBanocd, a 3eMJa o6paGaTbIBalach TpakTOpaMH OYeHb xopoulo»!?7_ PyMblHCKHe COMMaTH CTaH KPHTHYeCKH OTHOCHTBCA K BHICKa3HBaHHAM CBOHX HeOOrH¥eCKHX HaCTA@BHHKOB O MA0XoM oTHOWeHHH Kpacnoi Apmun kK pyMbiHaM. ComgaT VW. [xkanta u3 23-ro mexoTHoro nonka, paso6a4aa Bep- CHIO O TOM, 4TO «pyccKHe rayMATCAH Ha pyMBIHCKHMH BOCHHONJICHHBIMH», 3aaBHA: «!78, Unnpl TafHo NOAHUHH Cc ABHOM Tpeporoi nucanu: «TexqeHuHH BecTH MponaraHzy B Nodb- 3y Copetos, CTpeMJeHHe Noka3aTb, ¥TO Ha @poHTe coBet- CKHe XOPOUIO OTHOCATCA K PYMbIHaM, MPH OMHOBpeMeHHOM BHINAYHBAHHH akToB O GeAcTBHAX H HHUleTe PyMBIHCKHX BOHHOB B aPMHH TOBOPAT O Ha/IHYHH CHMIITOMOB, Tpe6yl0- ™ LITA MCCP, ¢. 680, on. 1, 2. 4378, 4. 910. "5 Tam xe, 0. 4615, a. 1. 18 Anale, 1960, Ne 1, p. 93—94. "7 IIPA MCCP, &. 706, on. 1, 0. 30, a. 158. 8 Tam xe, . 680, on. 1, a. 4611, a. 127 06. 62 WHX MpHHATHA Mep, KOTOPbIe cmeasn Obl HEBO3MOKHBIM pacnpoctpavenve mofo6uux pasroBopos...»!79 Tipocopetckue HaCTpOCHHA MHOFHX COAT MpOABJIA- JIHCb H B OTKPBITOM OCYKCHHH 3BEPCTB FHTJIEpOBUeB Ha COBeTCKOH 3eMJIe, B CTPeMJICHHH NOMOUb COBETCKHM BOCH- HonveHHbIM. Comat T. Bugukan u3 10-ro nexotuoro non- Ka, ypoxkenel, ye3qa Buxop, c BO3MylleHHeM paccKa3bipart cOOTeYeCTBeEHHHKaM, KaK FHTJIepOBIbl «Ha MyTH OTCTYyNJe- HHA OTHHMAIOT BCe@ COCTOAHHeE y MeCTHOTO HaCeJIeHHA, a 10, 4TO He MOTYT yBe3TH, YHHYTOXKAIOT?!80, Bmecte c TeM calenhyeT OTMETHTb, YTO NO BJIHAHHEM qawuctckoh mponaraHab yacTb comfmaT oMmacasacb, 4TO. Kpacnan Apmua 6ygeT MCTHTb pyMbIHaM 3a yyacTHe B rpa6uTenbcKoh Botte Ha cropone Tutnepa. Brio HeMano. H TAaKHX, KOTOPHe HaxOAHJIHCh ellie B MWeHy MOHApxH4e- CKHX HJWU03Hi H B CTpeMJieHHH K MHpy ynoBasiH Ha BO3- BpallleHHe K BaCTH CBEprHyTOrO KOpO.IA, KOTOpbIii-me MpH- HeceT Hapogy Mup. «Cpequ comfat, — roBopHTca B NomHT- Moveceuun 18-4 apMuH, — HZYT cayxHOTOM, ¥TO PyMBIHHA cKOpo Bet H3 BOHHEI, Tak Kak aHIvIH¥aHe = ITIpH- wmsmot B Pymptuuio Kopoma Kapona II, koToppli 3akni0qHT mup»!'8!_ Oru HWN03HH HaCaKMaHCch cCpemH COMMaT CTO- POHHHKaMi 6pipuero KOpOJIA. Wx = nonpitkn MIpHMHCaTb Kapomo II Mupomo6usbie TeHJeHuHH, pacnpoctpaHsaemble. cayXH_O TOM, YTO OH NPHKa3an pyMbIHCKOM aPpMHH NOKH- HyTb Boctounbli poHT, a caM AKOOBI cpaxkaeTca mpo- THB THTJepOBLeB B pxAax aHraniickoh apMHH, OTpakaJlu He CTOJIbBKO CTPe€MJICHHE STHX 3/IEMECHTOB pea6uHTHpoBaTb o6aHKpoTHBUleroca MOHapxa, Ha BO3BpallleHHe KOTOpOroO, TlO-BHAHMOMY, KOe-KTO elle HajleaJICA, CKOJIbKO MpOTHBO- CTOATh pacTylleMy BIMAHHIO Ha CoMMaT KOMMYHHCTHYe- CKHX Hgen. B otTHowenHH 6opb6nt ¢ MpOcoBeTCKHMH HaCTPpOCHHAMH BCA PyMbIHCKad peaKUHA He3aBHCHMO OT NOnHTHYeCKON OpHeHTalHH Oba enHHOomyuina. Tlo-npexnemy oTMexKeBBI- Basch oT Kapoaa II 4 B To Ke BpeMA MposomKan pashir- PbIBaTb H3 ce6a «OnNO3HUHIO> NO OTHOWEHHO K AUKTaType AutoHecky, HaUHOHas-WapaHHcTHe MM HalHOHas-nn6epa- Jbl B AHTHCOBETCKHX WeIAX YCHJIHJIH CpeqH Bock mpoma- Tangy 3a cow3 c Anranef u CIA, kotoppie aKo6HI TOMbKO 79 Tam 2Ke, a. 4703, 1. 245. 1 Tam oKe, 2. 4592, 1. 248. "| ILA MO CCCP, @. 371, on. 6386, a. 112, a. 217. 63. H MoryT OGecneyHTb He3aBHCHMOCTb H MpouBeTaHie PyMbi- HHH B ee Nocnepepcatbckux rpanuuax. Tloq BaAWAHHeM 3TOM NponaraAb «HeKOTOpLle CoNMaTH, — Kak OTMeyaeT- ca B pecbepate TenepanbHoi aupeKkuun nonHuHH oT 23 AH- Bapa 1943 r., — 3aaBasioT, 4TO PyMBIHHA HaXOZHTCA B MpeAABepHH BHYTPeHHHX H3MeHEHHM, CMBIC KOTOPLIX 3a- Kmo4aeTca B NepeopHeHTayun ee Ha Axrsuioy!®, Hecmotps Ha OWlyTHMBIA pocT aHTHBOCHHHIX H aHTHTH- THepoBCkHX HacTpoenHi, 16 espana 1943 r. no Bo3Bpa- mewn Tlantasu c CesepHoro Kapka3a WM. Antonecky Hanpapua MucbMo T'utaepy c 3aBepeHHeM, ¥TO . Hecmotpa Ha cypoBbie NpHroOBOpH BOeHHO-MoseBbIX cy- OB NO OTHOWeHHIO K Re3epTHpaM H ApyruM «HapyuiuTe- AAM> QUCUHIIWHE, Ha JeficTBHA 3arpaqHTeMbHLIx oTps- OB, BHCTABJeHHEIX THTMepOBLAMH MO3aNH M Ha dsanrax PYMBIHCKHX 4YacTeH, KOTOpble paccTpesMBanH nepeGexydH- KOB, MpOLOMKaTHCh HE TOABKO OMHHOUHIe, HO H rpynno- Bble Clay B NeH pyMBIHCKHX commaT. 14 anpensa 1943 r. Nepewiau Ha ctopoxy Kpacnofi Apmuu 14 congat Bo raape 187 Anale, 1956, Ne 3, p. 85. 18 Axrocax A. B. B 6oax 3a cpoGony Pymunun. M., 1974, c. 51. 18 IIA MO CCCP, 6. 224, on. 958, 2. 72, a. 9. 19 Cm.: [peuxo A. A. YKa3. co4., c. 359—392. 11 IJA MO CCCP, @. 371, on. 6386, 1. 112, 2. 122. 5 H. 9. Jleaur 65 © KOMaHAHPOM MpOTHBOTaHKOBOrO B3B02a 95-ro NexoTHOrO noaka. Ouw o6paTHauch K CBOHM cooTeyecTBeHHHKaM C @HTHBOCHHBIM BO33BaHHeM. B pafione Kpbimcko# caanca 8 naen B3B0n 19-4 nexort- Hol QHBH3HH, Apyrof B3Bon Nepeulen Ha cropoxy Kpacnoh Apmun 5 Maa B pafione He6exagaesku. B stToT xe ZeHb Nepean aHHMio pouta 12 pyMblHcKHX comgaT u3 21-ro 6aTabona 3-H TrOpHocTperKOBOH HBH3HH H Aba OTAeJe- HHA 94-ro MexoTHoro nomka!®, MuorHe comgaTh HMenH mpu ce6e copetcKHe muctosKH: «K coamatam 3-f ropHo- CTpeKOBOM QHBH3HH pyMbIH», «. CongaTH O6bIdHO roBO- pun: «Poccio elle HHKTO He NoGexsan, u Tutnep ee He noGeguT». Tlocne xe BcTyNneHHA B Gof pyMBIHCKHe con- Marbl, OWLYTHB yapbl COBETCKHX BOHCK, B CBOHX BLICKa3bI- BaHHAX © MepCNeKTHBaX BOMHE! CTaNM TOBOPHTb H «oO He- 192 ILA MO CCCP, 6. 224, on. 958, a. 72, 4. 9, 10, 20 06. 13'C 1 espana go 12 aprycta 1943 r. noautynpapsenue Ce- Bepo-Kapka3ckoro ¢pOHTa BEINYCTHIO fA pacnpoctpaHeHHA cpenH PYMEHCKHX BOfcK 84 TeKcTa AMCTOBOK THpaxKOM 3575 THC. 9K3eM- TMIApoB, B TOM 4lcne HHOpMalHOHHWIX — 24, onepaTHBHix — 30, OGpauenHi BoeHHONTeHHEIX K cooTeyeCTBeHHHKaM — 20, TeMaTHue- cxnx — 4 4 7. a. (IA MO CCCP, o. 224, on. 958, 2. 72, a. 2306.). Tlo-npexHeMy npoBogwalich pynopHble nepenayH HenocpencTBeHHo Ha nepexoso#. C 24 no 27 anpena TombKo aaa 19-A nexoTHOR AHBHSHH 6vil10 nmposeneno 56 nepemay, B TOM 4HCTe MHOTHe Cc MpHBreyeHHeM BOCHHON.IEHHEIX. 66 cokpywHMof Moun Kpacnof ApMun>'™. B ognoit uz cmpaBoK NomuToTzena 18-f% apMHH O MOpaJIbHOM COCcTOA- HHH BOHCK MPOTHBHHKa MOAYepKHBaeTCA, ITO «HeOBONb- cTBO BOMHOM PYMBIHCKHX COMJaT BO3pacTaeT B CBASH C BHYTpeHHel H BHeHeH NonHTHKOH AnToHecKy». «ITnennbie CONMaTH MOKa3bBal0T, — CKa3aHO B 3TOM JOKyMeHTe, — 4TO PpeAKO B KaKOM JOMe JOBOJbHEI pyKoBoncTBom AnTo- Hecky». «AHTOHeCKy Mpowan cTpaHy HeMuam», — roBopsT muorue!®S, B pesyibrate arHTallHonHo pa6oTH, mpopezeHHoit noauTopraHaMu KpacHot ApmMuu cpegu jeficTBOBaBLHXx na CepepHom Kapka3e pyMBIHCKHX BOHCK, «rpynnoBbe clan B MeH Nocne MalickHx onepallHi, — CKa3aHO B Bokane NomuToTAzena 18-% apMun, — cTanu Gonee opra- HH30BaHHBIMH H Ooslee MaccoBLIMH». Tak, 1 HiOHA Nepe- wio Ha cropony Kpacnoi Apmuu stopoe otgenenne 1-ro B3B0a CaHpoTht 94-ro MexoTHOro MonKa BO rape C KOMA@HAHPOM OTJeeHHA, a Ha BTOpOh eHb — mepBoe oTfeneHve Toro xe B3BOfa. «B mepexoge (Ha cTOpoHy Kpacnoit Apmuu. — H. JI.) aTHx zByx oTAeneHui, — cka- 3aHO faslee B STOM MOKYMeHTe, — XapaKTepHLIM ABIAeTCA TO, YTO COMMAaTH BO rlaBe C KOMAaHAMpaMH 3apanee croBa- PHBalOTCA H OPraHH30BaHHO NOATOTaBAMBaIOT cBOW cAaty B nex». IIpouiao ene HeckOMbKO AHef, H CHOBa 42 yen0- Beka H3 94-ro MeXOTHOrO NomKa DOGPOBONbHO cAatHcb B nex!98, B orgete noaHTynpaBienua Cesepo-Kapka3ckoro: (pouta 3a anpetb—mai 1943 r. genaeTcA BHBOA, TO «coNfaTbl, HECMOTpa Ha cbamincTckyio nponarangzy, o6e- ujaloulyio JeTHHM HaCTyNeHHeM NompaBHTb Jena wu axe MOGeMOHOCHO 3aKOHYHTb BOMHY, He BUJA NepcnekTHB AIA moGeAu, MpayHo CMOTpaT Ha Hcxon BOAHEID!*7, Take xe IIpH3HaHHA CofepKatca B MHCbMe oT 7 anpena 1943 r. HawasbHHKa BoeHHoro Ka6uHeTa Coseta Munuctpos Py- MBIHHH MOJKOBHHKa JlaBHgecky, alpecoBaHHOM MHHHCTpy O6opoHH! H HavabHHKy renuita6a. B HeM, B 4acTHOCTH, OTMe¥aeTCA, YTO NOpaxKenyecKkHe pasroBOpH, HeB3sHpad Ha Bce NPHKa3bI H Mepbl BacTef, He TOABKO He MpeKpaTHJHCb, HO, HaoGopoT, elle Gonbule akTHBH3HpoBatucb. JlaBunecky '# ITA MO CCCP, @. 371, on. 6386, a. 112, a. 97, 97 06. ' Tam xe, 1. 97 06. 1% Tam Ke, 1. 121. ‘7 Tam oKe, cb. 224, on. 958, 2. 72, 1. 10. 5* 67 Nepegan ovepenHoe pacnopsaxeHHe KOHAYKaTOpa: «...1pH- MeHATb CaMble CTporHe MepH Haka3aHHA MpOTHB BHHOB- HBIX B akTaxX Mpef@aTeTbCTBa HHTepecOB POAHHH He3aBHCH- MO OT 34HHMaeMOTO NOMO%KeHHA H WHHa»!8, B Kone ampe- aa AxToHecky yTBepAH cocTaB chellHanbHO KOMHCCHH Bo rape c reHepatom Apams no Oopb6e c «pacnpoctpa- HeHHeM TPeBOXKHBIX CyYXOB» H MpHKa3aq e2KeMecAYHO QoKabBaTb eEMy O «MPHMeHACMBIX caHKUMAX»!99, 7ipa mpuKka3a renuira6a or 19 mona 1943 ©, nognH- caHuble reHepasiom LItedaei w pasocnanHble BCeM 4¥aCTAM H CO@AHHEHHAM PyMBIHCKOA apMHH, CBHJeTeMbCTBYIOT O TOM, 4TO MpeANpHHATLIe paHee MepbI no Gopb6e c Go.es- HbIO, HMeHYeMOH B OPHUHANbHEX DOKyMeHTaXx «Nopaxken- yectBoM» («defetism»), He MpHHecmH %KenaeMBIX pe3ysb- taToB. B ofHOM H3 yNOMAHYTHX JOKYMeHTOB KOHCTaTHpy- eTCA, UTO, «HECMOTPa Ha BCe MpHKa3Hl, MOBCeMeCTHO B paqax apMHH MHOrHe He MpOHHKMHCh BeMHKHM Tpe6oBa- HveM Mow4aTb. Tosopat oduuepH, yHTep-opuleph, roBo- PAT COMAATH H 3400HO C HHMH BCe APy3bA H YWeHEI ceMbH. Bonee toro, — cka3aHo asee, — ycTaHoBseHo, 470 co.1- WatTbl B MHCbMaX, NOCaHHEX POAHKIM H 3HaKOMHIM, J0- MyCKa1M OTKPOBeHHOCTH B BOMpOcax, CBA3aHHHIX c O6cTa- HOBKOH Ha (poHTe H XOZOM onepaunit... Takoe nomoxe- Hue, — Bocksuuaet Itedaa, — Tepnetb 6oabue Hemb34... Bee, kro HapywiuT TpeOopaHHe MOJUAaTb, GyayT OTLaHb Mod cy BoeHHOro TpH6yHata». 3a pasroBOphl %eH BOeH- HOCAyKAaUlHX OTBETCTBEHHOCTh BO3/araach Ha My2Keli20, B xpyrom mpuka3ze o6baBAAnHCh ovepeqHHe Mepo- IIpHATHA lo GopbG6e c «nopaxkenyecTBoM». Oco6oe BHHMa- HHe OOpallanoch Ha HeOOXOMHMOCTh ycTaHOBHTb cTporHA KOHTpOMb B Moe3fax, «re O6cy%XMaloTca BOMpock, cBA- 3aHHble C BOCHHBIM H NOJHTHYCCKHM NOMOKeHHEM, HacaxK- Maetca MopaxkewyecTBo, KPHTHKy!OTCA BNACTH HT. 1.> Boeuo-novepbim cyfamM G6bIo MpukasaHo K 25-my uHcay KaxkMOro MeCAa MpeACTaBAATb B TeHWITa6 CNHCKH Ocyx- DeHHEIX 3a MOparxkenyeckne pasroBOpbl, HX HMeHa BBIBe- WHBaTb B OOULECTBEHHEIX MeCTaX, Ny6JHKOBaTb B WeHT- 18 LITA MCCP, @. MuxkpoduabMit pyMBHCKHX OKyMeHTOB. Scrisoarea Sefului Cabinetului militar Colonel Davidescu catre Mi- nisterul Apararii Nationale. Marele Stat Major. 199 Tam 2xe. Nota intocmita de Cabinetul Militar cu rezolutia d-lui_Maresal Antonescu. 28.1V 1943. 20 Tam xe. Marele Stat Major, N 464147 din 19 Iunie 1943. 68 patbHoit H MecTHOH neyaTH?!, Matepuann, co6panubie areHTaMH TaiHon NOJHUHH, YCTPaHBaBUIHMH B Moe3sqax OXOTY 34 HHAKOMBIC/IAULHMH, NMOKA3HBaloT, YTO TeHb Cra- IHHTpagwa MposomKala NpecnesoBaTb coat H onie- pos. K npexHHm pa3sropopaM jo6aBHIHch HOBHe — O THOeqH MHOrHX TBICAY ComfaT B Gonx Ha CesepHom Kas- kaze. Ecau B ceuta6pe 1942 r. raseta pyMBbIHCKHX mpo- MBILIJIeHHO-PHHAHCOBLIX KPyTOB C BOCTOPrOM NHCaqa, YTO apMHH CTpaHa «O06a3aHa BHYTPeHHHM MNOpsAAKOM», ona ABIAeCTCA «3aIOFOM PeaJIH3all\HH BCeX HallIHX HallHOHAaJIb- HBIX YanHHi»22, To nocne Nopaxkenua nox Crannurpatom i Ha CepepHom Kaska3e TOCNOACTBYIOWIHE KaCChl yCOM- HHIHCb B Haf@)KHOCTH APMHH Kak OMJOTa pedKHMa. Bme- cTe c TeM CJlefyeT CKa3aTb, 4TO CpeAH BBICWIerO KOMaH- HOrO COCTaBa apMHH HM OtullepcKoro Kopmyca_ OHIO HeMa- NO 3aKOPeHeJIbIX cpauucros, TOTOBLIX H AaJiblile CpakaTbcen npotap Kpacnoi ApMHH, 2a H 4YacTb commaT emle He ocso6oqnmach OT BJHAHHA HallHOHaJIHCTHUeCKOA Heo10- ruu. Bbw H TakHe, KOTOpHe NoBpepHH cbauincTcKo mpo- NaraHde, 3anyruBaBule COMfaT TeM, ITO COBeTCKHe BOH- cKa sKOOBI Gy2yT MCTHTb PyMBIHaM 3a y4acTHe B BOiHe Ha cTopoHe ruTseposckoi Tepmannu. 201 Taw oxe. Marele Stat Major. Sectia a 2-a. Biroul contrain- formativ, N 462975 din 19 Iunie 1943. 202 Argus, 1942, 14.1X. Tnasa Il HA NYTH K KPAXY. BOPbBA PYMbBIHCKHX TPYAALHXCA BO TNABE C KNP 3A BbIXOR H3 AHTHCOBETCKOA .BOAHbI H CBEP)KEHHE @AWHCTCKOM QHKTATYPbI Pa3rpom nog Ctammurpaqom # mopaxkenve Ha Ce- BepHom Kapka3e riy6oko oTpa3HHCb Ha MOJHTHKO-MO- PabHOM COCTOAHHH He TOMbKO auincTcKHx apMuii, HO 1 TpaxkfancKoro HaceeHHA CTpaH HTMepoBcKoro 6.10Ka. B camoi TepManun sepa ps moGenzy Oba mnogopBana, MopaxkeHueckHe HaCTPOeHHA OXBATHH 3Ha4HTebHBIE COW HeMeliKOro Hapoga. B nepBHXx TeerpamMMax, HanpaB- alenHbIx B Byxapect nocne kanutynauun apmun Ilaymoca, PyMBIHCKHA BOeHHH aTTame B Bepaune moaKoBHHK MU. Teopre c tpesorof coo6uian o WapHBWeM «u4yBcTBe ray6oKxoh o3a6oueHHocTH» B TepMaHuv, BLI3BaHHOM Mopa- 2KeHHem Mog CraHHrpaqoM H OGbABNeHHeM = «TOTAaJBHOIi MOGHJIH3al\HH», O TOM, UTO “HEPBOSHOCTb pactTeT H cpeait MpaBAllux KpyroB pefixa»!. Ho ocoGewHo OulyTHMO OTpa3sHsca pa3srpomM daumict- ckux apMuii B u3qyunHe Jlona u nog Crtanuurpanom Ha BHYTPHNOMHTHYeCKOM MosOwKeHHH PymplHnHH. Kak cnpapel- aMBo mucan anraniickuit wKypHan «Hpto-cteiitcmen 9nd HeliwH», nopaxkenne nox Ctanuurpagom «notpacao Py- MBIHHIO, MOKET GObITb, CHbHee, em Tepmannio»?. To npi- TIA, . MuxpoduabMet pyMBlHCKHX gokyMeHToB, Dosar: Copii din telegramele atasatului militar roman la Marele Cartier General din Berlin. Ha ogHof u3 nepsuix Takwx tenerpamM H. AuTonecky Hanucaa: <[lyMaw, ¥to noaKosunk Teopre Mow mpeysesurunpaeta. Ho TeserpaMMb! npoqomKanH MocTynaTh OfHa TpenoxHee pyroii. Tlonkosnnx Teopre texerpaduposan, ¥T0 «pactyT aKkTH ca6otaxa B Tlonbue, TIpotextopate, Ha Bankawax u gaxe B Bepanne nporsowes B3pbiB». OnHaxKab OH Hanan: «...He HCKMOYeHO, ITO H Y Hac OHI (axtst ca6otaxa. — H. JI.) nossatca». OGecnokoenHbih Tem, Kak Obl 9TH H3BeCTHA He CTaqH MOCTOAHHeM Gonee WHpOKOTO Kpyra a1lozeil, KOHAYKSTOp 3anpeTHa cBoeMy GepaHHCKOMy aTTalle Bnpetb oTnpaB- AATb COOGuIEHHA MO Tenerpady. 2 Llut. mo KH.: Jle6edee H. H. Kpax gawu3ma Bs Pympinin. M., 1976, ¢. 355. 70 mepy Tutnepa H. AnTouecky BBIHy2xK2eH ObIn OODABIITD TPeXAHeBHBIH Tpayp H CMpaBAATb NaHHXHAM B NaMsATb, Kak nkcana 6yp»xyasHaa Mpecca, «repoes Cranuurpana>’. 7 peppana 1943 r. morpeOaibHbli 3B0H WepKOBHBIX KO.I0- KoNOB 3a3By4¥an Hak NoTpscenHoh Pymbnnek. YManuupaa © NOJAHHHEIX BAHOBHHKaX THOeTH JeCATKOB THICAY COmfaT HW oduuepos, allvcTcKas Mponaratga ctapasacb mpecta- BNTb 9TH XKePTBbl Kak HeOOXOAMMBle H ONpaBAaHHHle, MpH- HeceHHbie AKOObI BO HMA CMaceHHsA 5. MW, Kak Hu CTapanacbh chamiuctckaa nponaranga pa3sroBo- PaMH o MpefcTosilem «BemHKOM HacTynaeHuH Ha BoctTou- HOM @pouHTe», B pe3yIbTaTe KOTOporo AKOOH B 1943 r. GyneT gocturuyTa mo6eqa, paccesTb ynaqHMuecKie Ha- CTPOeHHA H BCeIHTb Bepy B NOAOKHTeEMbHHIA HCXOA BOMHEI, OcyllecTBHTb efi TOTO He yfaBanocb. Cam *akT 3aTAKKH oGemlaHHoro HaCTyMeHHA, OTMeyaeTCA B alpe/IbCKOM 1943 r. otyete curypanun CyyascKoro ye3fqa, NPHBOLHT «K YTpaTe Hae Ab, YTO BOHHA 3aKOHYHTCA OCeHbIO 3TOFO Toma, a 3a0QHO H HeB3TOAL, MOOHAN3AHH, PEKBH3HUHH H HBIHe cyllecTByomlee TAXKeT0e NoMOxKeHHe>®, Uro6bl BOCMOAHHTh OFrpOMHble NoTepH Ha poute, mpa- BUTEBCTBO CTaO MpH3bIBaTb B aPMHIO HOBbIe KOHTHHTeH- 3 Universul, 1943, 10.11. 4 WZIA, >. Muxpodunpme pyMpucKwx goxyMentos. Darea de seama asupra starii de spirit, situatiei politice, migcdrilor sociale, profesionale si minoritare in intervalul 1 aprilie 1942 — 1 ap ie . 5 UOLA, @. 30, on. 4, a. 394, a. 284. 6 Tam xe, 1. 314. n TbI BOCHHOOGAZAHHHIX, OTPHIBAA OT CBOHX xO3slicTB AeCAT- KH TBICAY KpeCTbAH-TpyKenukoB. XOTA YHCMeHHOCTb py- MBIHCKOH apMHH B 1943 r. mo cpapHeHHiO c 192 r. YMeHbUIHacb, TeM He MeHee MO pyXbeM MpomomKao HaxoguTbca 524299 yenopek’. B 1943 r., roBoputTca B otuete Muuuctepcrsa o6oponlt PymbiHHH, NOMHMO MOOH- ‘M3aUHH ONepaTHBHOrO XapakTepa Aa 8 coegHHeHuit, HaXOMHBUIHXCA Ha (ppoHTe, ObIH NpH3sBaHH Ha DByxMecAy- Hy! Mepenogrotosky euje 269305 congat, npunucaHHx K CO@AHHEHHAM, JHCAOWHPOBaHHEIM BHYTpH cTpaHB®, a Takxe 71% odnuepos 3amaca. Tlocne Cramnurpaga tpa- wHcTcKHe BaacTH PyMbIHHH CcTaqH HaCHAbHO MOGH.1H30- BbIBaTb B apMHIO Take Oeccapa6ues wu 6yKoBHHues. Kak yKa3aHo fasee B yNOMAHYTOM oTueTe, B 1943 r. pacxogH Ha Mepenog”roToBky MpH3BaHHHX BospociH mpoTuB 1942 r. nourH B 3 pa3a — c 440,6 man. go 1106,5 man. neep%. C KaxkibiM MecalemM BO3pacTanH 3aTpaTb H Ha Cogep- 2KaHHe HeMeLKOM BoeHHOM MuccHH B PymbiHHH. Ecau B Teuenne oKkTaGpa—geka6pa 1942 r. B coOTBeTCTBHH Cc corjalleHvem MexK2y ABYMA MpaBHTeTbCTBAaMH KWKa AH- ToHecky BbielAa Ha 3TH WenH exemecayHO 500 MuH. gees, TO c Hauana 1943 r. — no 525 man. @aktTHyeckH 2Ke TpaTHsocb Gombule. Tak, TOMbKO NO ynpaBaAeHHiO xe- we3HbIxX Qopor PyMalHHH 4H «PyMBIHCKOMy aHOHHMHOMy OG6ulecTBy CBA3H% NpeBHleHHe pacxoZoB NPOTHB HaMeyeH- HBIX 610J2KeTOM ACCHTHOBaHHH COCTaBHO 3a MeBATb Me- canes — c 1 oxta6pa 1942 r. no 1 mona 1943 r. — 1750 aH. neeB. «Sta 3agonKeHHOcTb, — nucan VW. Anto- HecKy pyMBIHCKHA MHHHCTp duHancop JI. Hary, — HempepbiBHO pacterT...»!° 17 mona 1943 r. PyMEtricKHi BHUe-IpeMbep H MHHHCTP HHOCTpaHHEIX fen M. Antonecky H Mpedctaputetb repManckoro MV] Kaoguyc nognucann HOBOe corgallenHe, cormacHoO KOTOpoMy Ha aBrycT—ceH- taOpp 1943 r. pyMbIHCKOMy MpaBHTeNbcTBy HaleKaso 7 YA, ®. Muxpoduapme pyMbivcKHx gokyMentos. Situatia efectivuiui ‘sub arme ma de efectivul mobilizabil pe anul respectiv. *IrA MCCP, MKPOHALMEI PYMBIHCKHX fOKYMeHTOB. Acti- vitatea_ Ministerulu $e razboi. 6 Septembrie 1940 — 6 Martie 1944. ‘aM Ke. 10 WA, @. Muxpoiapmel pyMblHcKHx goKyMentos. Scrisoarea Ministrului de finanfe D. Neagu d-lui M-l Antonescu. Bucuresti, 26 August 1943. 72 BbIMeIATh Ha CoMepxKaHHe HEMeLKOM MHCCHH yxXe He 525, a 650 M.1H. nees B Mecal!!. O6ocHoBaBuHch B PyMBIHHH, THTIepoBIibt Benn ce6a Kak B 3aBOeBaHHo ctTpaxe. Ilocae pasrpoma nog Crannu- TpafOM, OHH, Tak Ke Kak H Ha Qpoure, emle c SonbUHM mpeHeOpexkeHHeM CTa/IH OTHOCHTbCA K M@CTHBIM 2KHTe- AM — pyMbIHaM, NosBoaAA ce6e OcKopO6NeHHA B HX ampec. Ha 970 noyBe, Kak ABCTBYeT H3 MHCeM PyMBIHCKOrO reH- mta6a B akpec HeMelKO MHCCHH, MPOHCXOLHAH CTHUKH, HHOrZa CO CMepTeAbHEIMH HCxXOfaMH!?, THtTaeposibl ycHIHBanH c KaxkMbIM QHeM 9KcIayata- unio SKOHOMHKH Pympinun!’. He cuntasch c HeOqHOKpaT- HBIMH Mpocb6aMH pyMBIHCKOrO MpaBHTeAbCTBa, OHH Mpo- H3BOQNIH HewerambHble 3aKyNKH 4H OTMpaBKy B CBOIO CTpaHy 3epHa, MpOgoBOMbcTBHA H Apyrux ToBapoB, cnoco6- CTBYA 9THM AasbHeliemy pocTy weH, HHDAAWHH, YTO Ty- GuTeMbHO OTPaxanoch B NepByi0 oyepesb Ha NONOKeHHR Tpyaauluxca Macc. KpoMe Toro, Ha OCHOBe OrOBOPHHIX NoctaBok TepMaHvA BHIBOsHIa H3 PyMBIHHH HedTb, sec, xe6, MACO, KMPH H T. 2, NOKPHBad JHWb YacTHYHO CTOHMOCTb 3THX TOBapoB CBOHM uMMopTOM. B 1941 r. uz 5195 thc. T DO6HITOA HepTH cTpaHaM GnoKa ocH GEO oTnyujeno 3636 THC. T, B TOM uncne TepMannn — 2871 Thc. T; B 1942 r. 43 5648 THC. T 2OOHTOH HeTH 6nIn0 oTnymeHo cooTseTcTBeHHO 3070 THC. T H 2200 tric. TI*. 29 supapa 1943 r. Ha 3aceaHHH Tak 4Ha3blBaeMoro «BoewHo-rpaxkmancKoro KaOwHeTa A aMHHHCTpallHH Beccapa6nu, BykopaHnt w TpaxcuuctpHu» (KBBT) 6x10 cka3aHo, 4uTo «. Muxpodurpmet pyMHcKHX foxyMeHToB. Variatia Productiei de fifei, a consumului intern, exportului de produse pet- rolifere in 1940—1944. ‘8 1ITA MCCP, . 706, on. 1, a. 582, a. 53, CornacHo pyMBH- CKIM aHHBIM, K oceHH 1943 r. 3anonxKeHHOcTh TepMaHHH PyMBIHCKO- My rocydapersy coctapaaia 450 MaH. Mapox. 73 TlognucaH o4epenHOH «PyMBIHO-repMaHckHit KOH@uAeH- UHabHbIi MpoTOKON» oO TOproBoM oG6MeHe ua 1943 r., ‘OTpakaBllHi fabHefee NOMYWHeEHHe PYMBIHCKOM 9KOHO- MHKH HHTepecaM peiixa. CormacHo 3TOMY OKyMeHTY, 9KC- nopt Pympnnn B Tepmannio Ha ovepenHon ron 6p onpe- Renew B oO6beMe 710 MAH. HeMeLLKHX MaPOK, B TOM 4HC.1e Ha 450 MaH. MapoK HectH H HedtenpogyxKTos. Ha octanb- HYIO CYMMy MpHXOMHAHCh CebCKOXO3AiCTBeHHbIe TOBAaphI, KoxeBeHHoe Chippe. Baino oropopHo 3akpeneno o6eula- nue V1. Antonecky, qaHHoe BO BpeMa BCTpeyn c TutTsepom B sHBape 1943 r., uTO KOHYeCTBO SKCNOpTHpyeMoi HedTH npu6au3sutca K 4 Man. T. TepManckui akcnopt B Pymui- HHIO Obl ycTaHoBneH B pasMepe 400 MJH. Mapok, B TOM uncne Ha 220 MH. MapokK MeTH30B 4H Momyda6pukaTos. OKcNOpTHpoBanHch TaKHe TOBaPH, Kak JleTHAA O6yBb Ha epepaHHoM xogy (400 Thc. nap), caHsaiHH Ha pesHHOBO! nogoune (800 Thic. nap), MalIHHKH Ja CTpHxKKH BOsOC (10 thic.), Koctt (300 Tic.), cepnir (385 ThIc.), cambl (100 thic.), tomate (450 THC.) # T. a. OcTabHyi0 YacTb HeOOXOAHMIX SKCNOPTHHIX TOBAPOB THTAepoBUE OGeUuaTH MIpefocTaBHuTb B BHAe BOOPyXeHHA AA PyMBIHCKOH apMuH. Tlpotokon 3acukcupopa ovepenHBe JIbrOTb! HeMelKHM ¢upMam B PyMbinHH, a Take OOa3aTembcTBO NocnezHeh MpOBOAHTb cBow ToproBbie cgenku co LIpeunet, Wsetua- puef H ApyruMu cTpaHamMu co cBOOO2HO KOHBeHTHpyeMolt BamOTOH TOMbKO Nox KOHTponem Bepsauna, wa ocnope KMpHHTa H He B yulep6 NocTaBkam B Tepmanuto!®, Tloka HeMeukHe Boficka HacTyNaqM, HHKTO H3 4TeHOB MpaButenbcetBa AHTOHeCKy He MOHHMa ronoc MpoTHB KaOanbHBlx 218 PyMbiHHH ycnoBHi coTpyqHH4ecTBa Cc peli- xom. Bee Hagesiucb, YTO NOTepH OKyNATCA c JHXBOM 3a cueT 3aXBa¥eHHEIX c MoMoUibO TepMaHHH COBeTCKHX Tep- putopui. Korga xe mpopas crpaTerw¥ecKHX m1aHOB rHT- aepoBles CTA OYeBHOHBIM, MHHHCTPhl HadasIH BBICKa3bI- BaTb pasouapopanne. [axe Tako mpodauuctcKH HacTpo- eHHBI jeaTeMb, KaK MHHHCTP KYJIbTYpbl HW KYJIbTOB WM. Merpopay, wa 3aceqanwn mpaputenpcTaa 4 despana 1943 r. Beimanna: «!7 Zipyrve MHHHCTpbI ceToBaqH MO MoBogy Toro, ¥To PyMB- HHA «OoubuIe AaeT H MeHbIe MonyyaeT» OT COMW3HHKOB, uto TepManua u tana B uenax yayumenua cBoero He- TaTHBHoro OaslaHca B Topropne c PymbinHefi HenpepbiBHO NOBLIWAaIOT WeHB! Ha SKCNOpTHpyeMble TOBapH; pa3sqaBa- JWcb Tpe6opaHHA 06 YCTaHOBAeHHH KOHTpoONA Haq wWeHa- mu!8, Cam M. Antonecky, npu3Has, uTo Tepmanusa «oGec- meynBaeT ce6e BeCb PYMBIHCKHA SKCNOpT», PpeKOMeHAOBar MHHHCTpaM «BO B3aHMOOTHOWeHHAX c TepManuei mocto- AHHO OCYULCCTBIATh HaXKHM>, pH CHWXKEHHH repMaHCKOrO SKCNOpTa YMeHbUIHTb WH PyMBlHcKHA. Ho sto Onn TOKO cnopa. Ty6epHatop PymbiucKoro HallHoHabHoro § 6aHKa Ortynecky ckenTwyeckH 3amMeTHa: «MbI He O¥eHb-TO MO- 2KeM Ha HHX Ha)KHMAaTb?!9, Ha sere nonyyanocb, ¥TO NO Mepe yxyAlleHHA MonOXKe- Hua Ha cppoHte H B caMof# TepMaHHH rHuTMepoBubI ycHH- BaJIH HaXKHM Ha CBOeO PYMHHCKOFO COW3HHKA, BEICTaBIAA emy Bce HoBble Tpe6opanna. B mae 1943 r. pyKOBO_HTeb HeMeLKOH BOeHHOH MHccHH B Byxapecte 9. T'an3en coo6- uu, uTo BepaHH we cormacen c Tem, 4YTOObI MposoOBolb- CTBeHHBIe H Apyrve TOBapHl, MpefocTaBeHHble HeMeLLKOM apMuH ryGepHatopcrBom <«TpaHcHHCTpHa», 3aCHTbIBa- JWCb B cueT MocTaBok TepManuu, mpelycMOTpeHHBIx pyMbl- HO-repMaHCKHM TOPFOBLIM OroBoOpoM, XxoTA B «Corsaule- HHH 06 OGecneyeHHH Ge30MacHOCTH, aJMHHHCTpalHH Hi SKOHOMHYeCKOH aKCIyaTayHH TeppHTopHu Mexay LHecT- pom u Byrom (Tpancuuctpua) u Byrom u Jinenpom (06- atactb Byr—J[venp)» or 30 aprycra 1941 r., HMeHyeMoM eule KOHBeHUHeH Xaydhe—Tarapany, Ha STOT cyeT cosep- %allacb ciellvatbHaa oropopKa. Tutaeposckoe KomaHso- BaHHe BooGule OTKa3aOCb NPH3HaTb cueTa, BLICTABeHHBIe Ty6epHatopcrsoM «TpaHcHHCTpHA» 3a OTNYUeHHbIe HeMell- ko apmun go | aprycta 1943 r. ceabckoxo3aiicTBeHHBe MpOAyKTb H Apyrve TOBapH B OOuIeM CNOKHOCTH Ha CyM- My Gomee yem 5,5 mapa. aees?°, Oxo nocuHTas0, mo-BHAH- MOMY, 4TO HeT HHKaKoH HafoGHOCTH ONauHBaTb PyMbIH- 7 Tam 2Ke, a. 586, a. 240. '8 Tam xe, 2. 328, 333, 335. 18 Tam 2Ke, 1. 328. 2 Tam xe, a. 594, a. 136. 75 cKOMy COW3HHKY 3a HarpaG6neHnHoe HM Ha COBeTCKO# TeppHTOpHH. B csa3H c NpHOnHxKeHHeM cponta K rpaHHuam PyMbl- HHH HOBbI€ TpeHHA BHI3Ba BOMPOC O TOM, KTO jOuDKeH HecTH GpeMaA pacxofoB Ha YCHWIeHHe MpOTHBOBOSAyWIHOA O6oponb! B paHoHe MoelITCKHX HeTeNPoMBICNOB H ~Apy- THX BaXKHBIX O6beKTOB. Bo BpeMa 6ecegn, cOCTOABLIeHCA 7 wona 1943 r. Mexay HW. Autonecky u 9. Tansenom, TlocweguHi noTpeGoBaa BEIZeNeHHA PyMBIHCKOH Ka3HOM Ha 9TH WemH Goee 11 Mapg. ees. CocaaBuHch Ha TO, 4TO SKOHOMHKa PyMBIHHH «HaXOAHTCA B ynagKe», AnToHecKy npeqnoxkua, uTo6n Tepmanua, Utanua wu apyrve cow3- HHKH OCH, KOTOPbie MOJb30BaIHCh pecypcaMH PyMBIHHH, pa3qenunu Mexay co6of Gpema STHX TAXKeMHX PacxooB. Tau3en o6opBan pyMbIHcKoro HKTaTOpa: «Y Hac HeT wJleeB>. Torgza Mw. AHToHecKy Bbipa3sHl MeNaHHe NOMYITb BMeCTO feHer BOopyxXeHHe Aa ocHamenHa 9—10 HoBLIX AMBH3HH MOMHMO Toro, YTO yxKe GpiN0 OGellaHO AIA BO3- MelleHHA MoTepb, MoweceHHHIX 3HMoH 1942/43 r. Tansen OTBeTHA, YTO y Hero HET NMOAHOMOUHH OG6cyKAaTbh STOT Bompoc, H TyT xe NO6aBHa: «IIpHHuMaa “BO BHHMaHHe COBpeMeHHOe MOOKeHHe, MPH KOTOPOM Tepmanna BHIHYK- MeHa cHaOKaTb BCIO Espony, AyMaW, 4TO AIA NOCTaBKH HeMeUKOFO BOOPyXKeHHA H OCHALIeHHA HMEETCA MaJIO BO3- MomHocteii>?!, Sanpnenue THTJeEpOBCKOrO reHepadia, cbaktuyeckH mpH- PaBHHBaBlero PyMBIHMIO K ApyruM colo3sHHKaM TepManuu, Mpo3pyuaio ockop6uTenbHO JA KOHAYK9TOpa, KOTOpH Bcerfa NOAYePKHBaN HaHOONbWHA BKaq ero CTpaHbl B aHTHcopeTckyo Botuy. M wa cei pa3 oH He MpeMHHy CKa3aTb: «Heo6xogumo, yTOOH MOCTaBKH BOeHHEIX MaTe- plial0B HaxXOQHJHCh B mpamMon 3aBHCHMOCTH OT CTeneHH yuacTHa B BohHe. Mur yxKe J0Ka3aJH Ha Jee, ITO ABJIAeM- Ca Ne€pBLIMH Kak MO 4YHCAY KepTB, TaK H NO BHINOHEHHIO cBoero Qomra». WM, Kak Ob 2Kead NOMYepKHYTb npeqan- HOCTb BOeHHO-ballucTcKoH PyMbIHHH colo3y c pefxoM H HeHaeKHOCTh Vraann 4 Boasrapun, Takxe MpeTeHoBasB- WHX Ha MomyyeHHe repMaHckoro BoopyxeHua, AHTOHeCKy goGapun: «]la, Ho chegyeT MOMHHTD, YTO PymMpHHA GyneT AOAMbHOH H YTO MOMOUb HHKOTAa He OyseT HCMONb3OBaHa mpotup uHTepecos TepMannu». XoTa HemMeuKHA renepa °1 HwpuGeprekui mponecc Haq TaBHUMH HeMeWKHMH BOeHHUMIT mpectynuukamH. B 7-Mu 7., T. 2. M., 1958, c. 713. 76 : HuYero ONpeseteHHoro He OGelllal PyMbIHCKOMy JHKTaTO- py, MocweqHHi «B NpHHunne» cormacwica BEINOAHHTb BbIUeYKaSaHHbie repMaHCKHe Tpe6oBaHHa. Ota ycTyNMYHBOCTh MpaBALHX KpyroB BOeHHO-tbamucT- ckoi PyMBIHHH, B OCHOBe KOTOpOH lexKaa HX sIOTaA He- HaBHCTb KO BCeMy COBETCKOMY, Aoporo O6xOAHMaCb PyMBIH- cKHM TpyaAauumcs. Tlonox%Kenve B CTpaHe yxyfulanoce c KaXXJBIM TOJOM H axe Mecauem. Ha 3aceqaHHn npaBH- tenbctpa 17 Mapta 1943 r. H. Antonecky mpxH3Haa: «Hul- HelHHA Ton GyfeT caMBli TaxKeAbIii Co BCexX TOYeK 3pe- Hua»??, He oGelllan KOHAYKSTOp yxKe H CKOpOH pasBAa3KH. «Mbt 20KHH, — CKa3an OH CBOHM MHHHCTpaM Ha 3ace- aun B cepequne Maa 1943 r., — roToBHTbCA K TOMY, 4TO Boia GyZeT npofomKaTbca MHOrO JeT»?>. Ho 3 BbICKa- 3bIBaHHA MHHHCTPOB ABCTBOBAJIO, YTO HCTOLeHHaA 9KOHO- MHKa PyMBIHHH a%Ke MpH yCHJeHHOM orpa6eHHH OKKy- MHpOBaHHEIX COBETCKHX TeppHTOPHA He B COCTOAHHH Zoro Bbigepxatb. 5 Maa 1943 r. rocynapcTBeHHb cy6ceKpetapb mo cHa6xkeHH1o renepan K. KouctaHTHH Ha 3aceaHHH MpapuTesbcTBa *KanoBanca: «Ctpaa He HMeeT Xue6a, MWeHHUb, KYKypy3bl, AYMeHA, €CTb TOMbKO Mpocor*. B 1942/43 r. no cpaBHenuio c 1940/41 cenpckoxo3aicTBeHHLIM TOMOM oH” Ha x1e6 AIA BHYTpeHHero NoTpeOeHHA GuI- aM ype3aHbl Ha 28%. Tot xe renepan KoncTaHTHH Jo.10- XKW, YTO BHYTPeHHHe pecypChl MOsBONAIOT THUD Ha 10% YAOBeTBOPATE MOTpeGHOCTH CTpaHbt B KOXTOBapax. B WeMAX «. MuxpopunbMbl pyMBIHCKHX jOKyMeHToB. Consumul de cereale comparativ pe anii 1940/41, 1941/42, 1942/43 (fara Ba- sarabia si Bucovina). Reducerea consumului de cereale prin rationa- izare. 25 LITA MCCP, . 706, on. 1, a. 587, 1. 104. 27 Tam xe, a. 107. 8 Tam oe, A. 588, 1. 33. 7 HeOOxXOAHMOCTH, OCOGeHHO Ha OfexAY H OGyBb, HempepHB- HO pactyT, BBbI3bIBan oco6yi0 o3a6o¥eHHOCTh HaceJe- HUA», — OTMeyaeTCA B KBaPTa/IbHOM OTYeTe CHrypaHUl 3a anpenb—nionb 1943 r. Jlanee B 3TOM MOKyMeHTe roBopHT- ca: «IloquepKuBaetTca ToT (baKT, YTO caMO rocyfapcTBO NOAHAIO UeHbI Ha MOHONOJbHBIe TOBAapH MpHMepHo Ha 50%», Tompko 3a NocneqHne Mecalbl 1942 — Hayano 1943 r. nHaeKc CTOHMOCTH 2KH3HH, NO npH3sHannio V. Au- ToHecky, Bospoc Ha 50%3°, K Konuy 1943 r. nokynatemb- Haf CMOCOOHOCTh TpyAAWHXCA TOPOMOB coKpaTHacb M0u- TH B YeTbIpe pa3a No cpaBHeHHw c 1939 r.5! B ponecennax HM OTYeTAX KapaTebHBIX OpraHOB BOeHHO-allHcTcKOA HK- Tatypbl 3a 1943 r. cNnoulb H PpANOM YHTaeM O TOM, 4TO paGoune HefOBOMbHE «HU3KOH 3apa6oTHOh nuaTof», BbI- Tata KOTOpoH «3aqepKHBaeTCA MeCAlLaMH», «cOKpalile- HH€M MpPOH3BOACTBeEHHOM MporpaMMbl H YBOJIbHeHHAMH, BbISBAHHEIMH OTCYTCTBHEM CbIPbA», «JOPOrOBH3HOli», «oT- CYTCTBHeEM MpesMeTOB MepBo HeOOXOMHMOCTH», «pacrTy- ule cheky.auHel MpOOBOALCTBEHHLIMH TOBapaMH, Ofex%- ol H O6yBbIO», «OTCYTCTBHeM MeJHILHHCKOMH MOMOLIH» HT. A. Tpogomkano yxyquaTeca H MosoxKeHHe TpysoBoro kpecrbauctBa. K nayany 1943 r. 43 3,5 Man. KpecTbAHCKHX xo3aiicTB y 2 MH. He GpI0 KopoB, Gomee 1,6 MaH. He Mea cBHHeH, a y 250 THC. He Halll0cb Jake KypHub?. Tem He MeHee PeKBHSHUHH AA apMHH MpofomKanH mpo- BOAHTbCA TlaBHbIM O6pa30M 3a cueT GeAHAUKHX H Cepel- HAWKHX Macc AepeBuH. 13 Mapta 1943 r. B cBaA3H C Oue- peaqHod pekBu3Huvel Ha 3aceqaHHu npaBHtenpcTBa VW. An- ToHecKy pacnopsguaca: «B npHHuHne OT KpyNHEIX H cpesz- HHX COGCTBEHHHKOB GpaTb Kak MO?KHO MeHbIIe cpesCTB»*?, STo o3Hadano MposOKaTb NOAMTHKY MOOWpeHHa NoMe- U\HKOB H KyJla4ecTBa. [nq oKa3aHHA MocaeAHHM NOMOULH pa6oueh CHO KOHAYK3TOp NpHKa3a KpoMe BOeHHOMeH- 2 WIA, b. Muxpoduabmu Pystuancaux | oxywenros. Darea de seama asupra starii de spirit ... in intervalul 1 Aprilie — 1 Iulie 194 % Balteanu B. Influenta bataliei de la ptalingrad asupra situa- tiei politice din Romania. — Anale, 1960, N 1, p. 8 1 Jle6edes H. H. Yxa3. cou., c. 375. 32 Tam 2Ke, c. 374. 3 UTA MCCP, . 706, on. 1, 2. 587, a. 94. 78 HbIX HanpaBJATb HM «MyTeM MOGHIH3alHH» TakxKe «OTpA-~ bl PyMBIHCKHX KpecTbAH»4. Tny60koe HeQOBONbCTBO KpeCTbAHCKHX MACC, KaK OTMe- yaeTCAH B YNOMAHYTHIX MOKYMeHTaX KapaTeJIbHBIX OpraHos,, BbI3BaHO «PeKBH3HUHeH» xJle6a, «, «TAMKECTbIO HaJIOroB», a TakoKe TeM, 4TO «60bWHHCTBO KpeCTbAH HAaXOJHTCA Ha (ppowte, a KpynHble 3eMeNbHbIe COOCTBEHHHKH CHASAT Toma». HezosoupceTBo OXBaTbIBaIO H 3HAYHTe/IbHyIO 4aCTb cpeaHeli u MenKOM 6ypxya3sHu, KoTOpax B cBoe BpeMa paccdHTbiBaa HaKHTbCH Ha BOoHHe. B AOKYMeHTAaX CHIy- paHUbl OTMe4aeTCA, YTO KOMMEPCaHTH 2KaJyIOTCA Ha «6obluine HadorH», «. JIMWb «mpo- MBILIJICHHbIe =MpeANPHATHA, paGoraroulue Ha apMHW, — TOBOPHTCA B YMOMHHABLUICMCA ye oTYeTe CHrypaHlbl 3a BTopoH KBaptan 1943 r., — pa3BuBaioT GypHyio AesTerb- HocTb»35, HHBIMH COBaMH, GombuHe OXON OT BOHHH MposowKana TiaBHbIM O6pa30M H3BAeKaTb KpynHaa Gyp- *KYa3HA, CBASAHHAA C BOCHHBIM MPOH3BOACTBOM. Orpomuble noTepH Ha poute, yCcHIHBUIHeCA KNaccoBbiit THeT H Teppop, HempepbiBHOe yxyAWeHHe MaTepHasbHOrO NOMOKeHHA BH3BAIH MabHeHUHA pocT peBOMIONHOHHOH 6opb6bi TpyAAWHXCA MPOTHB BOeHHO-chawiHCTCKOH MHKTAaTy- pal AutToHecky, MOMCWLHKOB H KalHTaJIHCTOB, MPOTHB rep-. MaHCKHX o&kynanTos. Hecmotpa Ha CypOBble 3aKOHH BO- eCHHOrO BpeMeHH, paOouHe Bce Oomee OTKPHITO BLICTYNaIH NpOTHB KanWTaqHcTHYeCKOH aKcNIyaTauHH, 34 yOBAeTBO- PeHHe CBOHX SKOHOMMYeCKHX TpeOoBaHHi. B Kone Hoa6pa 1942 r. no mpHuHHe oTKa3a NpeANpHHHMaTeneA yayuMHTD YCqOBHA Tpy2a mpekpatunu pa6oTty pa6oune sBoeHHoro- 3apoqa «Konkopgua» B IInoewtu. 1 mapta 1943 r. B stom Ke ropose OCTaHOBHJIH MpOH3BOACTBO pa6oune TIpeanpHa- THh «Y3nHeTe POMblHe». Kak CKa3aHO B JOHeCeCHHH CHIy- paHUbl, Ha Ha3BaHHBIX 3aBOaX «. MukpouabMit pyMBIHcKHxX oKyMeHToB. Darea de. sama asupra starii de spirit... in intervalul 1 Aprilie 1943—1 lulie 43. > eTca aTMociepa CHMNaTHH K KOMMYHH3My»*®, 30 aHBapa 1943 r. o6baBuaH crayKy paGoune CanfyeuiTcKHx Kapb- epos, cHaGxkaBUIHx XHMHYecKHe 3aBoqH «ConBei» r. Typ- api’7, 1 anpena 1943 r. 43-3a nOXorO NHTAaHHA OTKa3aIHCb BBITH Ha pa6oTy yieHHKH mnpegnpuaTHi r. Annna®’. 17 ampena, kak oTMeuaetca B OTYeTe TeHepatbHOM aupek- UHH TomHyHH, OKONO 400—500 paG6ounx weHTpanbHDIx MacTepcKHx npeanpuatHi «Actpa-PomplH3» B Mosna-Kun- THe coGpanch Mepex 3faHveM ynpaBrenus, TpeOys no- BHIWeHHA 3apa6oTHOH MaTH. OcTaHoBHH MpOH3BOACTBO Take paOouHe HepTeOuHCTHTeMbHEIX 3aBOg0B «AcTpa- PomblHs» uw «PomblHa-AMepHkaHo». 1 maa Br. Typny-Ce- BepHH Obima apectoBaHa rpynna paGouux-xenesHosopox- HHKOB 3a «HeBHIXOA Ha paboTy Ge3 yBaxuTeIbHOM NpHuH- HbIe39, Stor JeHb O3HAMeHOBAICA CTauKaMH H Ha pase BOeHHHIX 3aBof0B Byxapecta‘’®’. IZupunacb cTayeqHas Gopb6a cpenH AoKepos H pa6ounx NopToBHx ropogos Ta- aay 4 Bpanaa‘!, Jierom ycneuwtHo mpopenu 3aGacToBKy paGouve >%xemesHOnopoxwKHbIX MacTepckHx HuKoznHa B Tr. Accu?, B aprycte 1943 r. B cBa3H c BBefeHHeM 12-ya- coporo paOouero AHA BOJHEHHA MPOH30WIIH cpeqH WaxTe- pos Baa )Kuyayf. B Bpauope B 3ToM xe Mecalle 6acTo- Bala rpynmma paOounx da6puKun «Coxoty6>*3. Tlog panauveMm cOGHITHA Ha PpoHTe H pasbACHHTeNbHON pa6otnw Komnaptun PyMHHHH CTa4KH, BOSHHKaBUIHe B OoMbUIHHCTBe CAYYaeB Ha NOYBe KOHARKTOB Cc NpeANpHHH- MaTeAAMH, CTaH Nowy4yaTb MomMTHYeCKy oKpacky. C % Grosu M., Gdinusi Gh., Jani B. Actiuni ale muncitorilor din industria metalurgicd si de armament pentru sabotara rdzboiului hitlerist. — Anale, 1964, N 5, p 34. 87 Roman V., Zéhdrescu V., Petri A. Cercetarea istoriei_miscarii de rezisten{4 antifascista din Romania. — Anale, 1965, N 2, p. 29. % Anale, 1960, N 1, p. 88; 1965, N 2, p. 29. 39 WTA, >. MuKpocHabMbl pyMBIHCKHX jOKyMeHTOB. Darea de ‘seam& asupra starii de spirit.. in intervalul de la 1 Aprilie 1943 — 1 Tulie 1943. “ Gheorghiu 1, Roman A. Din lupta P.C.R. pentru scoaterea Romaniei din r4zboiul antisovietic gi intoarcerea armelor impotriva hitleristilor. — Anale, 1956, N 3, p. 71. 4 Munteanu N. Actiuni muncitoresti desfasurate tn Galati si Braila impotriva exploatarii capitaliste si a dictaturii militare-fasci- ste (1941—1944). — Anale, 1963, N 4, p. 80—84. “ Talangescu M., Pintean T. Actiuni ale muncitorilor ceferisti impotriva dictaturii militare-fasciste si a razboiului hitlerist (1941— 1944). — Anale, 1964, N 3, p. 87. 4S Jle6edee H. H. Yas. co4., c. 388, 389. 30 sBHOH TpeBporoH TenepantbHad QHpeKUHA MONMUHH JOKJa- apBata 16 espana 1943 r., uTO B CBA3H C NOBOPOTOM B xoe BOMHBI cpemH paGouHX CTOAHILI yCHAeHHO MHCKyTH- pyloTca «. B 3akm0"¥eHHH JOKyMeHTa CKa- 3aHO, TO BOSHHKAa GO.laronpuATHaa aTMochepa wu ap. «Uactb paGounx, opranH- 30BaHHEIX B «FeHepabHBIi Col03 SpeMeCeHHHKOB, XO3seB H paGouHx», — ToBOpHTCA B OTYeTe CHTyPaHUb 3a HIONb 1943 r., — Ha¥ana MposBAATh HefOBepHe K STO OpraHH- 3allHH, 3aABAAA, YTO COIO3 CyMlecTByeT AHUIb Ha OyMare, He MpeANpHHHMaeT HHKAKHX WaroB AAA yAyYWeHHA MOTO- 2keHHA paGouwx, a PyKOBOZHTeNH efO JHLIb H3BAeKaioT BHITOAL OT B3HOCOB TpyAauuxca»s, HeckoabKo paxbule B KBapTaIbHOM OTYeTe CHIypaHUH 3a anpeb—HIOHb 1943 r. oTMeyanocb, 4TO cpeqH paGouHx «HHTeHCHBHO AMCKYTHpyeTcA BONMpoc oO HeOGXOAHMOCTH BOCCO3aHHA mpodeccHonaIbHEIx co1o3oB»‘®, B o63o0pe KOHTppasBeqKH PYMBIHCKOrO TreHuiTa6a 3a ui0Hb 1943 r. nonoxKeHHe ole- HHBaeTCA CreqyioulHM O6pa3soM: «HacTpoenHe pa6ounx B o6uleM TpeBoxHoe», «pabouaa Macca MeJeHHO, HO BepHoO ApuraeTca B OMacHyio 30HY KOMMYHHCTHYeCKOrO BJHA- HHA>‘7, Kapateapubie opranbl BoeHHo-bauiHcTcKoh HKTaTypLt MIpH3HaBa¥, 4TO Ha pasBHTHe paGoyero ABHKeHHA oMpe- AeneHHoe BAMAHHe OKa3bIBaH COBeTCKHe BOeHHOMMeHHEIe. Tax, Ha CanayseuTcKux Kapbepax BMeCTe C PYMBIHCKHMH pa6ouHMH TPYAHIHCh COBETCKHE BOeHHOMMeHHHe, MA Ko- 4* Anale. 1960. N 1, p. 87. 4S HJIA, o. MuKpoHabMit pyMBIHCKHX 10KVMeHTOB. Darea de seama asupra st&rii de spirit... in intervalul 1—31 Tulie 1943. “Tam xe. Darea de seam’ asupra st&rii de spirit... in in- tervalul 1 Aprilie 1943 — 1 lulie 1943. Anale, 1960, N 1, p. 89. 6 WH. 3. Tesur 81 TOPbIX ObIIH yCTaHOBTeHB! OCOGeHHO BHICOKHe HOPMBI BEI- paOorTku, oT HX BHINOAHeHHA 3aBHCeNO NMHTaHHe MeHHBIX. 6 Maa 1943 r. BOeHHONTeHHBIe OTKa3aIHCh BHINONHATb HOpMy H NoTpe6oBanH oT BacTeit ee cHwKeHHA. B oTBeT PyKOBOACTBO 3aBOa He BbIa0 HM yxuHa. «Ho nuen- Hble, — CKa3aHO B JOHeCeHHH MomHUelcKHX BaacTeh, — HaCTOAMH Ha CBOeM, 3aABHB, 4TO He GyAyT paGoTaTb, ecaH Make uM BooOule SyzeT OTKa3aHO B MNTaHHH». Tonnuna OTMe¥ala, YTO pelHTeMbHOe .MOBeMeHHe BOeHHONMEHHHX Mpou3Ben0 BheyaTNeHHe Ha paGouwx Kapbepa, peulMBUIHXx AelicTBOBaTb B TakoM xe Ayxe*®. B apyrom nomHueHcKOM oT¥eTe CKa3aHO, YTO «KOMMYHHCTHYeCKad JeATeIbHOCTh B o6nactu (peu uget o Banate. — HM. JI.) ucnbitpipaet BJMAHHE CO CTOPOHBI PyCCKHX MeHHEIX, MocaaHHEIX pa6o- TaTb Ha TOcyfapcTBeHHble H YaCTHBle MpeznpuaTuar*?. Poct pa6oyero ABMKEHHA B YC/IOBHAX NopaxkenHi Ha pouTe H pa3MOxKeHHA AWCLMIHHEE B APMHH cepbesHo BCTpeBoxKH BacTH. 8 Maa 1943 r. renepabHBIi oupeK- Top nomuunn renepan J[vakonecky pa3ocan Bcem nospe- AOMCTBEHHBIM eMy opraHaM MpeAnucanua Bipentb coo6- ulaTb Mo Teterpady HaHGonee BaxkHbe akTH, «MOryulne BbIS3BATb BONHEHHA H Apyrne Gonee rpo3Hble BCMBILIKH cpean pa6ounx». O6nacTHEIM HHCNekKTOpaM noaHUHH 60 MpHKa3aHO Take exKeMECAYHO MpeACTaBAATb OTYeTH O pa6ouem azBHxKeHHH®, Pacnopaxenuem HW. Autonecky cekiHH mponaraHant TenuiTa6a 6bil0 BMeHeHO B OOA3aHHOCTh pa3BePHYTb COB- MeCTHO C MHHHCTepcTBOM Tpya H BOCHHIMH KOMeHJaH- TaMH (aOpHK H 3aBOAOB WHPOKywW «Mponaranzy H KOHTp- nponarawgzy cpequ pa6ounx MpOMBIUINeHHEIX npeanpuaTHh CTPaHbI H CTOMHIB> C WebIO . 30 on. 4, a. 395, 2. 360. © Tam Ke, a. 304, a. 358. 82 WIHHCTBO MpeANPHATHA AA MpoBexeHHA «BOCNHTATebHO> paOorb GnIH NocnaHb «areHTH-nponaraHAHCTEly®!, Ho jeatenbHocTb BlacTel No « («Cao6oqHaa PyMblHHA»), B KOTOPOM cOsepxKasca NpHSHB K CO32aHHI0 WHpOKoro HalHOHadbHOro = MaTpHoTHYecKoro 54 VJIA, &. Muxpodunbmet pymbincKux goKyMentos. Darea de seam asupra starii de spirit.. fn intervalul 1 Aprilie 1942 — 1 Aprilie 1943, 55 Anale, 1960, N 1, p. 89. % Olteanu C., Ceausescu J., Mocanu V. Activitatea Partidului Comunist Roman in armata. 1921—1944, Bucuresti, 1974, p. 204. 7 UOLA, >. 30 on. 4, 1. 395, a. 359. Din lupta antifascisté pentru independenta gi suveranitatea Romaniei. Culegere de studii. Bucuresti, 1969, p. 148. 84 (pouTa AAA H3THaHHA THTMepoBueR H3 CTPaHbl, CBepKeHHA dbamuctcKoro mpaBuTenbcrBa AnToHecky H BbIBO,a Pymbl- HHH H3 MpectyMHof aHTHcoBeTcKOH BofHH. B KOpoTKHit CpOK 4HCAO OpraHH3auHhi H YeHOB «Coi03a NaTpHOTOB» 6bictpo Bospocio. Ero suefikH BO3HHKaIH He TOKO B Topofax, HO H BO MHOFHX ceylax, OHH CO3LaBamlHCb cpean yuHTesel, mpenogaBateneh BHICWIHX yYeOHBIX 3aBenzennii, }KYpHasHcTos H T. 1.59 B nayane anBapa 1943 r. KIIP o6patumacb k pyKo- BONCTBY COWHa/-NeMOKpaTHyecKOA NapTHH c mpeanoxKenu- eM 0 COBMECTHEIX feHCTBHAX Mo O6beMHHEHHIO BCex Mpo- TpeccHBHHIX CH Aa Sopb6n 3a cnaceHe poqHHH OT dawu3ma uv BohnH®, Ho 97a HHHUHATHBa He Halla nog- DepxkKH y ONMOpTYHHCTHYeCKH HaCTPpOeHHHIX AHZepoB co- uvad-qeMokpaTHH. HeckonbKo nogo6nEIx mpeznoxennit 6blIO ChemaHO Take HalHOHAaJ-WapaHHCTCKOH H HauHo- Had-nu6epanbHoh maptHaM®!. OgHako Bpaxye6Ho HacTpo- eHHBIe K KOMMYHH3My PYKOBOAHTeNH STHX NapTHA Mposo.- ‘Kalu OTBepraTb BCAKHe COBMeCTHHe JefictBua c KIIP. B nue 1943 r. IK KIIP npunumaer pemtenve o He- O6XOMMMOCTH CO3aHHA eHHOTO MaTpHOTHYeCKOrO aHTH- THTepoBCKOrO poHta, BKMOYAIOUlero BCe NapTHH Hu rpyn- Mb, BLICTyNaBlIMe NMpOTHB NOAWTHKH BOeHHO-PawlHcTCcKOH auktatypbht. Komnaptua mpeamarana co3qaTb HauHoHasb- HbIt KOMHTeT Gopb6n 3a OcBOGoKAeHHe CTpaHH H pa3- pa6otana naaTpopmy 43 AeCATH MyHKTOB AA oObeqHHe- HWA BCeX NaTpHoTHYecKHX cHI. B He BBIBHraTHCh calegyloulve Tpe6oBaHHA: OT3HB PpyMBIHCKOA apmuH c Boc- TOUHOTO poHTa WH MpHBJeYeHHe ee Ha cTopony IlatpHotH- uecKoro (poHTa, co3faHHe aHTHaulMcTCKUX MapTH3aH- CKHX OTpAOB; MpeKpamlenve noctapok TepManuu, opranu- 3auna ca6oTaxka JIA NOsphlBa THTNepoBcKoH BOeHHOH MALJHHbI; HEMeJJIeHHBIA BEIXO2 H3 BOMHH, paspHB C paulnct- CKHM 610KOM H 3aK/0¥eHHe CeNapaTHoro MHpa C Trocy- 5 Tlogpo6wo 06 stom _cm.: Din lupta antifascist’ pentru inde- pendgnts si suveranitatea Romaniei, p. 167—174. ‘ufui Gh. Realizarea Frontului Unic Muncitoresc — moment de insemnitate istoric’ in lupta de eliberare a poporului roman. — Anale, 1969, N 2, p. 5. * Nicolae C., Ilie P. Din activitatea P.C.R. pentru f&urirea unei largi coalitii_antihitleriste. — Anale, 1969, N 3, p. 23; Fdtu M. Sfarsit fara glorie. Partidul national-{aranesc (Maniu) si partidul ational-liberal (Bratianu) in anii 1944-1947. Bucuresti, 1972, P. 85 apcTBaMH aHTHIHTJepOBCKO KOaTHUHH; CBepxKeHHe MHK- Tatyppl AHTOHeCKy H CO32aHHe HOBOrO MpaBHTeABCTBa H3 mpezcTaBuTestel Bcex MaTpHOTHYeCKHX NapTHH H opraHH3a- UH; MpHcoeqHHeHHe CBOOoAHOM H He3saBHCHMOH PyMBIHHH K OGpenuHeHHbim Hauwam; HeMegmeHHoe ocBoOoxKzeHHe y3HuKoB (ballucTcKHx TiopeM H Jlarepei; Haka3aHHe BH- HOBHHKOB 310feaHHi u rpa6exei Bo rape c AnTonecky; pocnyck Bcex (aulvcTCKHxX opraHH3auni,; ycTanopmenue HaUHOHabHOrO paBHONpaBHA; JHKBHAaHA BeHCKOTO «ap- 6uTpaxka> Hu ocBoGoxwzeHHe CespepHoi TpaxcHbBaHHH; oGecneyenne pa6oTo wu mule Tpy2AWHxcA ropofoB Hu cea, OKa3aHHe TocyfapcTBOM NOMOUIH HHBaJHJaM, cupo- TaM, BoBaM®, 8 aprycta 1943 r. uexTpaabHn KomuteT «Cosa mat- PHOTOB» 3aaBH, YTO C YAOBNeTBOpeHHeM MpHHHMaeT K cBeqenHio HHHUHaTHBy KIIP, moaHoctbio ogo6paet ee maTopMy H roTOB Ha 3TOH OCHOBe COTpyAHHYaTD c Heli®. Baarogapa ycHHAM KOMMYHHCTOB BO BTOpOH MOOBHHe 1943 r. cosgqaetca «IlaTpHoTHyecKkHi aHTHrHTAepoBcKHii pout», B cocTas KOTOporo BMecTe cC KOMMapTHei BOUIN «®pout 3emsegenbues», «Cows natpHotos», «Co103 BeH- Tepckwx Tpydawuxca Pympnnn» (MAJIOC) u HeKoTophie HH30Bble OPraHH3alHH COWMa-AeMOKpaTH¥ecKOH mapTHH PyMbBIHHH. B 1943 r. KoMnapTHa 3Hay¥HTeMbHO yCHAMBaeT Macco- Bo-NomuTHYeCKy!O paboTy cpeaH TpyAAULHXCA H comAaT. Peryaapxo Belllaqa uv BCe OonbUyio ayAuTOpHIO cobHpaaa Pamvocranuna «Cpo6ofHaa Pymbinna». Opranbl KOHTp- pa3BeQKH QoHocuau 13 Mapta 1943 r.: «Paguo ,,CBo6oz- Had PyMbIHHA HenpepbIBHO MogcTpekaeT PyMbIHCKoe Ha- ceaenve mpotus Tepmanuu, npusuBaet K cTaykaMm H caGo- Tay, OTKa3y paGoTaTb, yHHYTOXKeHHIO HedTenpoMbIcoB». YeenuyHBatoch YHCIO NosMonbAHX H3qaHHA KIIP. Muo- TOYHCeHHHe JHCTOBKH H HagMHCH, NPH3HBaBUIHe Ha Gopb- Gy mpoTHe guKtatypsl AHToHecky 4H THTsepoBieB, 3a BbIXO, H3 BOMHH, ObIH O6HapyxXeHb NOAMUeHCKHMH Op- raHaMu Bp Byxapecte, Siccax, Tumuuoape, Konctanue, Kpaiiose, IIatpa-Hamue, An6a-lOnnn, Jlyroxe, Bpauose, Apage, JIynenax, Knimnus-Typsef, Kapance6ewe, Mnoew- tu, Opwose, 8 cenax Kunag, Pexaw, patuana yeaa ® Documente din istoria Partidului Comunist din Romania, ed. Il. Bucuresti, 1953, p. 371—372. ® Anale, 1956, N 3, p. 73. 86 Tumuw-Topoutaa, Poewth u Typyeutn yesga Bua u ap. B Bo33BaHHH mo cayyaio | Mas KomnapTus nuHca- aa: «Ilatpvot! He3aBicuMo oT colvasbHoro nosoxKeHHA H MOJHTHYeCKHX yOexeHHH oO6begHHAliTech c pabounM kaaccom B Eguubli HauHOHaIbHB @porT BO HMA cmace- HHA Hapofa HW apMHH OT BepHod ruGeau. Boputecb npoTHB TOTAIbHOH MOOHJH3allHH, 34 HeMeANeHHH OT3HB apMHH c BoctouHoro porta H Mpekpamlenve rpaGuTercKoh u 3aXBaTHHY¥eCKOH BOHHET»®, Cpeau MatepHasos, oGHapy2xeHHHXx NonnuHei B Mae 1943 r. B Byxapecte, 6bi0 BO33BaHHe CoBeTCKOTO aHTH- pauiHcTcKoro KOMHTeTa K MonogexKH Mupa®®. B c. ToxaHb yesaa By39y Obiin Hafigenh aHcToBKu «CMepTb HeMeLKO- PYMBIHCKHM 3axBaTuHKaM!», «Beiite Bpara c Thivla!>, Bbl- nywenHbe IK KII(6) Mongapun u pacnpoctpanennnie Ha BpeMeHHO OKKyNHpoBaHHoH TeppHTopHH MoagascKon CCP setom 1943 r. Onn GpiH 3aBe3seHb! B PyMbIHHIO, Tlo-BHAHMOMY, NpHexaBUIHMH C (poHTa conzataMu. Tlocne nopaxenua nog CranuurpatoM akTHBH3HpoBa- Nach NEATENDHOCTh KOMCOMONa PyMBHHH, opraHHsaulHH «Ilatpworuyeckad 3alliTa» Hu ApyrHx, AeiicTBOBaBLUHX nog pykosogctsom KIIP. 1 4 17 aprycta 1943 r. Br. Ka- PaHceGelle KOMCOMOJbUB pacnpocTpaHWAH HamHcaHHple OT pyKH JMcTOBKH c Tpe6oBanHem wmupa‘’. W3 oryeta «IlaTpHoTH¥ecKoH 3allHTH», cocTaBieHHoro 12 nioHA 1943 r., aBcTByeT, 4TO K 3TOMY BpeMeHH opraHn3alHH YAaOcb HaaQHTh CBA3b C MOMHT3AKIOYCHHBIMH Gosb- WIHHCTBa TIOpeM H Jarepe H MepenpaBaATs HM Mpoyo- BOJbCTBHE, ONeKAY, MCAHKAMEHTH H axe mponaranauct- cKHe MaTepHanbl. Bunonuaa yKasanua KIIP, Mectupie opranH3aunn «IlatpHoTHuecKkoh 3alluTH» pa3BepHy.1H Goaputyio paGoTy nO OKa3aHHIO MOMOLIH COBETCKHM BOeH- HOMMeHHEIM, pa6oTaBLIHM Ha NpegnpuaTHax THMHUOapH, Apaga, Pewnun, Bpawosa, Cu6ny, Acc, Baksy u apyrux ropogos. Tlonuuefickue oprann coo6ulaqu, uto B Pemnue H page HacelleHHEIX nyHKToB yesqa Kasapau BHABTeHO % Ha3zpaHHble HaceneHHbe MYHKTH yKa3aHl B YNOMAHYTHX HaMit TOAOBHX, KBapTaTbHIX H MecayHuX o630pax Tenepanbuo ampexumit noamuunt. ® LITA MCCP, o. 680, on. 1, 2. 4309, a. 312—315. * WIA, >. Muxpodaneuu Pymumeix | aokyMenros, Darea de seama asupra starii de spirit... 1943. ° UOLA, &. 30, on. 4, a. 395, 7. 359. in intervalul 1 Aprilie 1943 — 1 lulie 87 MHOro Culy¥aeB, Korgqa paGouHe waK B sareps, roe pa6o- TaqM pycckHe BOeHHOMJeHHBIe, H TaMKOM MepeqaBanH HM MIpofOBOBCTBHe, MeAHKaMeHTH, eHbrn®’. Oco6yio tTpepory BiacTefi BHSEIBaIH y4acTHBUIHeCA akTbl Ca6oTaxKa H QHBepcHA Ha 3aBOMax H aGpuKax, cBA- 3aHHHX Cc OO6cAyKHBaHHeM apMHH, Ha 2Kee3HOL0po%KHOM H peYHOM TpaHcnopte, Ha AHHHAX cBa3H HT. 1. Ha cyzo- Beppax Konctanupl pa6oune yMBILIIeHHO 3aTAHyAH pe- MOHT BOeHHBIX Kopa6leH «MapeutH», «Koponepa Ma- pua», « B Bpamose u T. 4.73 Ha cranunn Iaoeutu—Tpuax 6ni10 B30pBaHO MHOFO BaroHOB C HeMeKHM BOOPyKeHHeM Aa (ppouta, Ha x%enesHom gopore Byxapect—Kouctanua ny- 6 Matichescu O. Apararea patriotica in anii 1941-1944. — Anale, 1966, N 6, p. 65, 67. Tlompo6uo o geatenbHoctH «IlatpiotH- yeckoH 3aujHti» cm.: Matichescu O. Apararea patrioticd. Bucuresti, 1971. © Anale, 1964, N 5, p. 28. 7 VTA, . MukpoduabMel pyMbiHcKHx goKyMeHToB. Darea de seama asupra starii de spirit... in intervalul 1—31 Iulie 1943. 71 Documente privind rezistenta antifascista din Romania. — Anale, 1969, N 4, p. 97. 7 Tam xe, 1960, Ne 1, c. 86. 3 Tam me, 1964, Ne 5, c. 26—29. WleH NOX OTKOc noesn c THTMepoBUaMH, Ha yuacTKe %*KeNe3- HoH QoporH Osnany—Hasorzapb — Noe3q c MaTepHataMe aaa PopTupuxaynounpix pa6orT’. B aprycte 1943 r. 6p Tepepesan TenepouHblii Ka6etb HeMelKoTo KOMaHAOBaHHA Ha yuactke Baxsy—Poman—Sccu, a Take Mexay IIn0- ewta u Tuprywopya-Hoy®. B KsaptambHom oruyete cHrypaHun 3a anpesb—HIOHb CkasaHo, 470 B Koxcranue <4jleHEL KOMMaPTHH OpraHH30BaH B3pHB dyracnoh GomOn Ha MpOJOBOMBCTBEHHBIX CKaqax HeMeUKHX BOHCK>. Bit apecropan 51 KomMynuct’®, B aprycte 1943 r. B mopty Konctanua ObIH MogoxKxKeHE 2 HeMeKHX CyfHa7”. Oco6yto TpeBory @allvcTcKHxX BJlacTefi BBI3BIBaIH aK- tpt ca6oTaxka B noptax JlyHas, B yactuoctu B JKypmxy, rae pyMBIHCKad Heth NepekaynBatach B pewHbe TaHKe- pl Aaa goctasku B Tepmanui. Ocenpio 1942 r. anecb ObliH B3OPBaHH! 4 peyHEIx tankepa’®, 5 qekaOpa 1942 r.— 19 TraHkepoB, 3aMomHeHHBIX Hetbio”®. B wiompckom 1943r. oTueTe CHTrypaHitbt ropopuwiocb: «Hemeukoe noconbcTBo BHOBb BbIpaxkaeT O3A60¥eHHOCT B CBA3H C HeMpeKpaulaio- WHMHCA B MocweqHee BpeMA akTaMH ca6oTaxa Ha JLyuae, CuHTa#, 4YTO 3TO elle OHO AoKasaTenBCTBO caGocTH H OTCYTCTBHA KOHTPOJA CO CTOPOHEI PYMBIHCKHX BAacTeh»®, Tlanee B oTuete cka3ano: . Bsoguiach CMepTHad Ka3Hb 3a «SKOHOMHYeCKHA ca6o- Tax». Poco conpoTHBaeHHe MOmHTHKe BOeHHO-cbamHcTcKon AUKTaTypbt Hw B DepesHe. Tlaprua ycuauna paGoty cpeau KpecTbaH, HanpaBJiaa Ha MOMOLIb CebCKHM KOMMYHHCTaM uleHoB napTHH w3 pa6ouwx. Baarogqapa ux eATeTbHOCTH K aKTHBHOH Gopb6e NpOTHB BOeHHO-allncTCKOA MHKTAaTy- pat AntoHecky OblaH MmpHBeyent KpecTbane cen Ceneii- Banat, Tanaka u Jisnoa ye3sga Baxsy, Tapana yesya ™ Tam xe, Ne 3, c. 89—90. 78 Jlebedes H. H. Yxa3. cou., c. 391. 7 YJLA, ¢. Maxpoduabmel pyMbHcKHx goKyMeHTos. Darea de pci asupra starii de spirit.. in intervalul 1 Aprilie — 1 Iulie 7 Anale, 1956, Ne 3, p. 71. 7 Tam xe, Cc. 79 Tam xe, 1964, Ne 5, c. 32. on, MuKpotuabMbl pyMBIHCKHX joKyMeHTOB. Darea de seam& asupra starii de spirit... in intervalul 1-31 Tulie 1943. 89 Apaxeu, Mapaynnennt ye3qa Mycuen, Byyymenbi ye3ma SAccel, Duep6unup n Banamyyn Tpeus yeaqa Uandos u MHorux gpyrux. Boabuioe KonwyectBo mponaranauctcKoli JIWTepaTypbl pacnpoctpaHHM KOMMYHHCTHI B Ceax ye310B Vavgos, Baauxa, IIpaxopa, pmO6osuua, Apmxeu, Bpa- wos, THmMHw-Topoutan, Baksy, Accel, Mom«?!. Bopb6a KpecTbaH MpoTHB BOeHHO-awucTCKOH AuKTa- Typbl CTala MPHHHMaTb Bce Gonee pasHoobpasuEle PopMbl. B ynoMavyToM pamopte cHrypaHUbl o JeatembHocTH Ba- HaTcKoro OG6mactHoro KomuTeta KIIP ropoputca, uto Kpe- CTbAHE MpAYyT 3epHOBHIe H CKOT, ¥TOOBI H36eKaTb PeKBU- suuni®, Takne coo6ujenua 06 oTKa3se KpeCTbAH BHINOAHATS MOCTaBKH, TPyAOBble NOBHHHOCTH, M1aTHTb HaslorH MocTy- tamu B ByXxapect co Bcex konyos Pymuinnn. B ampere 1943 r. Kpectbane c. Teta yesnga Tumuw-Topoutan oxka- 3aJIH OpfaHH30BaHHoe CONPOTHBJeHHe BaCTAM, MbITaB- UWIHMCA SKCIPONPHHPOBaTh WX 3eMIH AA HYKX repMaH- ckoh apmMun. Tako 2ke MpHMepHO cay¥ai NoBTOpHacaA B c. Kopxety ye3qa Unpdos, rae Kpectbane He JonycTHaH KOMHCCHIO JJM H3YYeHHA BO3MOKHOCTeM pacuHpeHHA BO- eHHoro aspompoma 3a cuetT ux 3emenb®. C tpesoroii QoKAatbpana B aprycte 1943 r. TenepanbHan mupekuua MOAHUHH, YTO «KPeCThAHCKHe MaCChl MpeAbABIAIOT BCE GombuiHe COUHabHBIe H SKOHOMHYeCKHe TpeGoBaHua...»® APKUM nposBTeHHeM BCeBO3pacTaloulero compoTus.te- HHA PYMBIHCKHX TPyAAULHXCA AHTHHAWHOHAMbHOA NoaUTHKe KqWKH AHTOHeCKy, HX 2KeaHHaA MOKOHYHTh C aHTHCOBeT- cKO BOMHO CTaIH AalbHeiuee yBemHYeHHe 4YHCa Desep- THPOB He TONbKO Ha qbpoHTe, HO H B THVIOBHIX 4acTAX, BHYUIHTeIbHBIe Pa3sMepbl YKOHEHHA OT MPH3HBa B apMHIO. «B cBa3H c MOOHJH3alHeA MoNOZexKH NpHsnBa 1943 r. 3aMe¥eHO, — TOBOPHTCA B MeCAYHOM OTYeTe NOTHUefCKHX opranos Cyyapp 3a anpenb 1943 r., — 4TO cpeqH Hee (raaBHbIM o6pa30M ropoxcKoh) uapHT HacTpoeHHe, mpo- THBHOe HHTepecaM TocyfapcTBa, MpoABAABUeecA B TOM, UTO QA OTMPaBKH B YaCTH MpHUINOCh cobupaTb ee cHAO;, XOTA OHA Oblta OMOBeLleHa HHAHBHAYaIbHMH MOBeCcTKaMH % Covaci A. Actiuni ale {4ranimii din Romania impotriva di turii_militare-fasciste (1941—1944). — Anale, 1963, N 4, p. 98. ® Anale, 1969, N 4, p. 96. 83 Tam xe, 1963, Ne 4, c. 98. *% YOFA, &. 30, on. 4, a. 395, 7. 334. wu Gapa6aHHbim Goem»®. HespkH Ha mpH3biBHOH = nMyHKT TOMbKO MO NATOMy TeppHTOpHabHOMy OKpyry cocTaBHAH Ha 31 Mapta 24 822 cnyyaa®. 14 anpena 1943 r. B odu- UMaJIbHOM [paBHTeIbCTBEHHOM BeCTHHKe MOsMBHJIcA 4yDO- BHUHM AeKpeT, COracHo KOTOPOMy CxXBaYeHHHIM Je3sepTH- pam Moarasoch Ha JaqoHAx oGewx pyK BBDKeub GOyKBy «Jl» w oTMpaBHTb Ha pout’. Tem He MeHee B HioHe 1943 r., KaK AOKNaqHBato KOMaH,oBaHHe 1-H apMHH, He ABHIOCb NO Npu3biBy 14127 npunucwuKoB, a no Apyrum Tpem KpymHHM coeqHHeHHam — 43940 yenoBek®. Poct aHTHBOCHHHIX H aHTHauiHCTCKHX HaCTpoeHHit B APMHH, pe3Koe OGocTpeHHe KaccoBLIx MmpoTHBopeyH B cTpaHe H yCKOpHBueeca Nocie pasrpoma nog Crannurpa- OM MOvleBeHHe Macc Cepbe3HO ‘OGeCnOKOHIH mpaBaulue Kpyri CTpaHbl. PyMBIHCKHe KaNHTaJHCTbI H MOMeLLWKH OT- qapau ce6e oTYeT B TOM, 4TO NopaxkenHe B BOMHe O3Ha- yao HeYTO Gombulee, 4YeM KpaX UX BeHKOLepKaBHLIx 3aXBaTHH¥eCKHX mMiaHoB Ha Boctoxe. B oGctanosKe ycH- JeHHA HeQOBOMbCTBa Macc, OGOCTpeHHA KsaccoBoro aHta- TOHH3Ma B CTpaHe OHO MOF1I0 NPHBECTH K PeBOIONHOHHOMY B3pbiBy H CBepXeHHIO CyMeCTByIOUlero CTpoOs. Boictynaa nepeq KOMaHAMpaMH BOHHCKHX coezuHeHHi, KOHAYK3TOP MpH3Had: «...n0cae Toro KaK 3-8 H 4-A apMHH notepnenn nopaxkenue, rocyfapcTBo wiataetca»®. Cam (paKT co3HBa COBelaHHA BePXyLIKH apMHH BO BTOPOH No- Josue ampena 1943 r., Ha KOTOPOM OHH 3a APyrHM BBI- CTYMasH WJIeHbI MpaBHTeAbCTBa, «MOKa3bIBaA» CBOHM BBICO- KONOCTaBeCHHBIM CyWaTeAAM, YTO 34 [Ba C NOMOBHHOH Toma mpapsenua WH. Antonecky ctpaHa aKoOn joctursa BO BCex cbepax X%KH3HH Tropa3fo Gonbule, 4eM 3a DBaqUaTb MpeawectByouux se7%, ropopH o ray6OKOM KpH3HCce BO- eHHO-PawiHcTcKoH AuKTaTyppl. UyscrBys, uTo u 6e3 Toro HeTBepfad MouBa YCKOMb3aeT H3-MOZ Hor, KaHKa AnToHe- % Tam xe, a. 394, a. 314. % Olteanu C., Ceausescu I., Mocanu V. Op. cit. p. 192. 87 Monitorul oficial, 1943, 14.1V, N 88. Olteanu C., Ceausescu 1., Mocanu V. Op. cit., p. 192—193. 89 Anale, 1960, Ne 1, p. 94. © JIA, &. MuxpodunbMbl = pyMbIHCKHX jokyMeHToB. Dosar: Realizdrile regimului tn 2,5 ani (6 Septembrie 1940 — 6 Martie 1943) in comparatie cu 20 ani anteriori (1920—1940). Conferinte finute de departamente la Scoala superioara de razboi la 15— 21 Aprilie 1943. 2) Cky cTapamacbh CMMOTHTb PAA apMeiicKo BepxyuiKH — TaBHOH BHYTpeHHeH ONOpH pexkuma. * * * Bo u36exaHHe noaHoro npoBata npaBHtenbcTBo P MbIHHH MpeANpHHANO H PAL BHEHeNMoAWTHYeCKHX akuHA. Pasrpom nog CranHurpagom nogopsan y Hero, Kak 4 Y MpaBHTeMbCTB APYTHX CTpaH-caTemAHTOB, Bepy B NoGeny Tepmannu. Y6equsuncb, YTO MocmeqHAA He B COCTOAHHH YHINTOKHT CopetcKHi Co1w3, mpaBalllad BepxylliKa BO- enHO-pamuctckoh PyMbiHHH JIMXOpaqO4HO cTama UCKaTb NyTb, 4TOOH H36exKaTb Nopaxenua. B y3kom Kpyry CBOHX npHOanxKeHHHX HM. Antonecky ropopum: «Tepmanna npourpasa Bothy. HyxHo He AONycTHTb, YTOOK H MBI ee npourpaan»®!, Bee wagexkab Ha cNaceHwe MpaBHTenu cTpan-caTenmu- TOB BO3JaraNH Ha peaKWHOHHble KpyrH 3anafHbX nepxKaB. B crpaxe nepeq CCCP onn, Kak OTKpoBeHHO mHueT OHIB- wui cekpetapb pyMpinckoro MMJI A. Kpeusny, «<6nuan TOTOBLI ClaTbcA Ha MHAOCTb 3anaqa pH ycNOBHH, 4TO 6yyT DaHb 3aBepeHHA, 4TO HX CTpaHbl He OyAyT OKKynH- POBaHbI KpacHbIMH BOiicKaMH»®?, PyMBIHCKHA QHKTAaTOp, KOTOpHI eme B KOHUe OKTAOPA 1942 r. nucan JJ. Bpstuany, uto on «BepuT B noGeny Tepmanuu», H OTKa3BIBaICA §=©BECTH §peKOMeHOBaHHYyIO «HCTOPHYCCKHMH> MapTHAMH MOJHTHKY aBHpoBaHHa («de bascula») Mexkay rutmepoBckuM 60KOM H 3anagHBIMH «Ze- MOKpaTHAMH» (OMycKad MPH 3TOM HeOpuUHaTbHBe CBASK “ONNO3HUHH> C BpaKLeOHBIMH «3alaQHBIMH NOAHTHYeCKHMH DeatenaMu>), CTai, KaK H MOCOOHHKH FHTAepoBLeB B Apy- THX cTpaHaX-caTeqMHTax, HCKaTb MyTH COmWKeHHA C Aunranet u CILIA Bb uyenax mpefotspamenua Katactpodpl. @opmanbuo PyMBHHA HaxOAHach C HHMH B COCTOAHHH BOMHE, akTH¥ecKH K€ HHKAKHX BOCHHBIX AKUMA «BOI0- 1oulHe» CTOPOHH Apyr MpoTHB Apyra He NpeANpHHHMasH. Yuactue cawuctckoh PyMpnHw B BOfHe mpotHB CCCP, ee NpHTA3aHHa Ha TeppHtopuio Beccapa6un u Cepepxoh BykoBuHbl MovyyHAH MoOmYanHBOe O06peHHe mpaBAWHX Kpyrop 3amaqHnx nepxxaB. He Ges ocHoBaHHA peaKWHOH- Hble PYMBHCKHe NOAHTHKH MoJaranu, ITO B YCAOBUAX Mpo- 8! JleGedes H. H. Yas. cou., c. 412. * Cretzianu A. The Lost Opportunity. London, 1957, p. 87. 92 gpuxKenua Copetckoi ApMHH Ha 3anaq AanbHefiuee yua- cTue cpauluctcKo PyMbIHHH B BOMHe Ha CTOpoHe ruTue- posckoit TepMawHu He TOAbKO He ABHTCA MpensaTcTBHeM, a, Hao6opoT, GSyZeT MONOKUTeEMDHLIM akTOpoM B ypery- qupoBaHHH oTHOweHHA c Axnravefi u CLA, 3anntepeco- BaHHBIMH B 3aTAKKe BOeCHHHIX JeficTBHi Ha COBeTCKO-rep- MaHCKOM qpoHTe B WesAX OcNaGmeHHA CopetcKoro Co13a. Xopowlo ocBefoMaeHHEA B qenax npaBuTenpctsa A. Kpe- usHYy, TOBOPA O NOAHTHYeCKHX pacueTax BHLe-MpeMbepa M. Autonecky, mucan: «Kak HW Mapulan, OH CYHTaq, TO ganafHble COW3HHKH G6bIH Gomee o3a6o¥eHH mpenoTBpa- wleHHeM coBeTCKoro BTOpxKeHHa B Eppony, wexkenW aNK- Bugauneh cbawiuctcKoro pexuma>®, 4 pespana 1943 r. Ha 3aceqaHwH mpaBHTenbctBa c yuacTHeM ryGepHaTopoB OKKyMHPOBaHHEIX COBETCKHX Tep- putopu& M. Antonecky u310%KHN CBOH BHelluenOmHTHYe- CKHe MaHH B CO3faBulefica HOBO OOcTaHOBKe Mocae no- paxkenua nog Craqunrpanom. On Bbipa3sHa Hecormacue c TeMH, KTO MO/larai, uTO BO BHellHeH MOMHTHKe caenyeT OTMaBaTb MpeAnouTenve TpaHCHAbBaHCKoH mpo6eme. Py- MBIHCKHA BHUe-MpeMbep yTBep%KAal, YTO HMeHHO cefiyac yop Hy2kHO JeqaTb Ha TO, ¥TOOH yOemHTh aHTanyaH H aMepHKaHllep B HeOOXOMHMOCTH oTAaTb PymbiHuH Becca- pa6uio u Cepepnyio Bykosuny. «CnenyeT o6paTutb BHH- MaHHe... — CKa3a1 OH, — 4TO Hallly eBponeficky10 MHCCHIO % Tam Ke, c. 89. OcHoBaHHeM fA TakKOrO BHIBOLa NocAy KH cBeeHHA O MOHTHYECKHX MaHax AHTAHH, NOAYYeHHLe npaBute.bcT- BoM AHTOHecKy B JeKa6pe 1942 r. u3 CraM6yna, re cocToAnach KOH- bHzenunanbHan BcTpeya pyMuHCKoro npommusennuxa H. Teoprr conpopoxkmaemoro arentoM CexpetHof cnyx6ul HHcopMallHH, c aHr- anjickum pesnnentom Ilatenenom. Tlocneanwfi cpeau mpouero cka3a.1, 4TO «He B HHTepecax AHTAHH NosBOAHTS NoGenoHOCHOM Poccuu pa MpoctpawHtbca Ha Sana» H 4TO «NpHOcTaHOBTeHHe Go7bUIeBH3aLH woro-noctoka Espontt apaseTcn Onno u3 MHcCHi aHrao-aMepHkaHcKon apmimn Ha BamkHem Boctoxe» (Anale, 1960, Ne 1, p. 95). 370 MHe- Hie ewe Gonbule yKpemwaocs y pyMiHcKOH npasamel — BepxyuiKH nocne sctpewm Uepauana c typeukHM npesHnentom Hue B Anane 31 spapa 1943 7, B Xone KOTOpOM anraniicKHh npempep —13-10%KII-1 cBon naan cosnanua IlyHaficxoro wan BaaKancKoro 610Ka Bo rape c Typunef p KayecTBe mpotHBoseca Cosetckomy Cowsy. Typeukne AHMAOMATH, YBEMOMHBUHE 06 STHX MaHaX pyMBIHCKOTO MOC.1aHHIKa 8 AnKape, pHyulaqH eMy, ¥TO PyMbIHHA AOMKHa NponomKaTb BolHy mpotus CCCP p untepecax scefi ]Oro-Boctouxoh Espons (Hillgru- ber A. Hitler, Konig Carol und Marschall Antonescu. Die deutsch- se Beziehungen 1938—1944, 2-te Auflage. Wiesbaden, 1965, 93 H Hally pO/b NMOTHHH! NPOTHB CAaBAHCTBa H 3alHTHHKOB epponefickol UMBHAW3aUHH MOXKHO OCYULCCTBHTb TOMbKO uepes Beccapa6uio x Bykosuny. 910 aBaaetca ocHoBoh Haweh epponeicKkoh MpomaraHabl jake B aHrvio-aMepH- KaHCKOM MaaHe H CTPOHTb STy Mponaranzy MOxKHO raaB- HEIM 06pa30m Ha 6a3e Bykosunnt u Beccapa6uu. Tot, kTo He NOHHMaeT NpoGjeM H He B COCTOAHHH BOBpeMA OleHHTb POlb PyMBIHCKOM CHCTeMBI B CO32aHHH PaBHOBecHa H Mpe- Tpaapl Ha NyTH CaBAHCKOM MaccH, B KoTOpo Beccapa- 6ua uv BykoBHHa ABAAIOTCA TeppHTOpHAMH, MpenaTcTByt0- U.HMH @QHHCTBY BOCTOYHHIX H IOKHEIX GaKaHCKHX CiaBAH, TOT He BHINOAHAeT CBO ROT HH PYMBHa, HH eBponediua... O1a Hea JexKHT B OCHOBe MpOBOLHMOH MHOIO BHellHei NOANTHKH... ITO aBAAeTCA TeMOH Hae MexyHapogHOH Mponarawgau, qaxKe cpeAH Tex, KOTOpHle, He TIOHHMaA Hac, HaXOMATCA CefOMHA C HaMH B COCTOAHHH BORHEI>™. Munuctpy nponarangy Mapky 6nin0 peKomeHqoBaHo pa3sBepHyTb B 3TOM HampaBeHHH paOoTy B eBponeHckHx cTomHuax, a TyGepHaTopaM mpesoxwKeHO «opraHH30BaTb MaHHdecTallHH» B Welax «BO3OyMHTb PyMBIHCKOe CaMOCO3- HaHve» cpeQH YeTHIpex MHJNHOHOB xXHTeTeH Beccapa6un n BykosBuun. Takum o6pa3om, nocie nopaxkenua nog CTanuurpaqom MpaBaAuwe KpyrH BOeHHO-awiuctckoh PyMBIHHH He OT- Ka3bIBaHCb OT CBOHX AHHEKCHOHHCTCKHX MaHOB, a JHILb OrpaHHuHAH pa3MepBl TeppHTOpHH Oyzymeht «Bennkoh Pympinnn». Bce ycHHa mpHaranuch K ToMy, 4TOOH B aToH O6cTaHOBKe yfepxXaTb xoTa 6p Beccapa6mo u Cesep- nyo ByKoBHHy, MpH 3TOM YNOBaTb OHH cTayH yxe He cTombko Ha TepManni, ckombKOo Ha BpaxkgeOHocTh K CCCP u KoMMyHH3My peakKUHOHHHIX MOAHTHKOB 3anaza. «Ilomoun» 3anagy onpeseruTb powb H MecTO PyMBIHHH B Espone s3asica npodeccop Byxapectckoro ynupepcnteta, ObIBLIHA MHHHCTp MponaranAw MpH KopomeBCcKOH AUKTATy- pe Konctautun K. JDxypecky. Bulcokve moctHl, KoTopHe OH 3aHHMan mpu Kapone II uw cumnatun k «)KenesHoit TBapAWH> He NOMellanH eMy ObITb B (aBope H MpH BOeH- Ho-bautuctckoh auKtatype HW. Antonecky. B ofHoM H3 oT¥etos ry6epHatopa Anexcany K. K. [xypecky yaocto- HJICA BEICOKOH NOXBa/Ibl 34 MPOUHTAHHBIe AeKWHH NO «o6o- CHOBaHHIO MpaB» BOeHHO-PawincTcKoh PyMBHHH Ha TaK “LITA MCCP, . 706, on. 1, a. 586, 1. 216—219. 94 Ha3blpaemylo «, KOTOpaA HayHHaeTca OOAbUINM 3KCKYPCOM B HCTOPHWO, MpoHH3aH- HbIM OT Hadadla Jo KOHIa BpaxeGHOcTbIO KO BCeMy Cula- BAHCKOMY, pyccKoMy H CoBeTcKomy. K. JDKypecky moBo- Ha K BBIBOLY, 4TO BOHHa mpoTHB Cosetckoro Co103a «ABIACTCA HOPMAJIbHOM, XXH3HEHHOM BOMHOM»®. Ccbilaach Ha «Tpyohl» Mexegunua Ww Apyrux reonomHTHKoB, OH on- pegenHa PauwucTcKoH PyMBIHHH powb «a1eMeHTa CTaOHJb- HOCTH H MOPAAKa» Ha rpaHuule Mexg”y 3anagHoesponel- CKOH UWHBHAH3auHe H MHPOM «BapBapoB-a3HaTOB». «Be- amuahwmei ycayroi epponefickomy Mopsaaky WH UHBHAH3a- UHH» Ha3Bal OH MOfaBleHHe PyMBIHCKOH BOeHUIHHO Copetckoi Baactu B Beurpuu B 1919 r. K. K. Daxypecky KHUHJICA TEM, YTO «Nocte MepBow MHpOBOM BOHHE Pympl- HHA QONTOe BpeMA He HMeJla HHKaKHX cBA3eM c,CoBeTCKOH Poccnel»>. B 1943 r. nocae nopaxkenua nox Cranuurpa- nom Jixkypecky ye He NpeAbABIAN «mpaBa» Ha TaK Ha- 3bipaemMy!o «TpaicuucTpHio». IIpomonxKenHe BOMHE MpOTHB CCCP on oG6ocHoshipa, Kak Hw KanKa AHToHecKy, HeO6xo- ANMOCTbIO 3allMulaTs Beccapa6ulo, *XH3Hb H CyllecTBOBa- HHe PYMBIHCKOrO HapOa, peAHTHIO, CeMbIO, eBpomefickylo UMBHH3aUHIO HT. A. B 3T0M xe Tofy CpodHoO 6b BHINyuleH onyc Apyroro mpodeccopa Byxapectckoro yHuBepcuteta — IT. Bpatua- ny®, B 1941 r. ray6oKoH oceHbio OH BepHysca c cpouTa, Kya OTNpaBHacA OOpoBorbieM Cc WeNbiO «BHECTH cBOf BKaq B OCyUleCTBeHHe pyMBIHCKOrOo efHHeHHA». Torna 3aMeCTHTeNb Mpefceqateda HalMoHad-anOepanbHom map- THH HCKa «ecTecTBeHHbe py6exu» Pymbinnu, «npomoxKeHx- Hble Ha MpoTAKeHHH BeKOB», AaeKO B cTenax YkpaHHul. K MomeHTy BEIXOa KHHTH NONOKeHHe KOPeHHIM O6pa3s0M u3MeHusocb. T. Bpatuany, Kak H ero BHILeynoMAHyTHt YHHBepcHTeTCKHA KOJera, pacnpocTpaHAsicA O BeTHKOM MHCCHH PyMBIHHH Ha BOCTOUHHIX «py6exax Eppombi», on- pemesaembix uM Ha J[Hectpe. Bee stTH «TpyAbl> 2O1KHE OEM yOequTb 3anay B ro- TOBHOCTH BOeHHO-(hamiucTcKoh PyMBIHHH CyYXKHTb, KaK H nocae nepsof MupoBOf BOAHE, bopmocToM HMMepHanH3Ma % Giurescu C. C. Die europaische Rolle des rumanischen Volkes. Bucarest, 1943, S. 433. % Brdtianu G. I. Origine et formation de l'unité roumaine. Bu- carest, 1943, 95 Ha toro-3anagqHhx rpanuuax CCCP. Kauka Antonecky HafleaaCb CbIrpaTb Ha AHTHCOBeTH3Me MpaBALHx KpyroB 3amaQubix fepxkaB. Ova HanpaBuna cBOH ycuJHA Ha pac- KON aHTHTHTepoBCKOH KOasHUHH, NPHMHpeHHe aHrvio-ame- pHKaHues c cpalllMcTcKHMH rocyfapcTBaMH H O6seryeHHe ANA MOcHeAHUX MpofomkenHa BOHHH npotHp CCCP. B auBape 1943 r. M. AHToHecky 4epe3 HTaJIbAHCKoro n0- cnanHnka B Byxapecte B. Cxonny npeaoxkua MHHUCTpy HHOCTpaHHHX gen MAtanun Unano npegnpHHatb coBMectT- HYy!O aKWHIO Mo ycTaHoBseHHio cBa3H c Axranei u CIUA «B Wenax 3aulHTH Esponbl oT Goabulepu3Ma»%’. Ilo Mue- HHIO PyMBIHCKOrO BHUe-MpeMbepa, 3aKmOYeHHe cenapat- Horo MHpa c Pymptnnei u Utanuveit 6pino BErogHo Bean- xoOputannn uw CILIA, Tak Kak co3faq0 6h AonoAHHTeAb- HYIO BO3MOXKHOCTh MOMelaTb MposBHxeHHiIo Kpacuofi Apmuy_ B Llentpaapuyio x WOro-Boctoynyio Espony. Oa- Hako MyccoaHHH HMea CBOH NaH HM He NommepxKat HHAUHATHBY pyMBIHCKorO MHHHCTpa’®. OgnospemenHo M. Autonecky MpeqnpHHad warn no ycTaHOBeHHIO KOH- TaKTOB C 3allaQHMH JepKaBaMH Ha TOM 2%Ke aHTHCOBeT- cKoh ocHope yepe3s Batukan, AuKapy, JIucca6on, Maa- pun’, Oco6tie HagexKQh MpaBAulad Bepxywika dawiuctcKol PymblHuH Bo3tarana ua Batuxan. 13 Mapta 1943 r. na 3acefaHHH mpaBHtenbctaa M. AnToHnecky NpaMo 3aqBHq: «Mbt onupaemcn Ha Batukan»!® On pekomMeHqoBan MH- HUCTpaM YCTpaHATh BCAKHe MpOTHBOpeyHa MexXAy MpaBo- caBHoH H KaTOJHYecKOH UepKBaMH, HATH Ha BCeBO3MOx- Hble yCTyMKH Mocsequef. «Mb QOKHEI, HaoGopoT, mpo- BOAUTh MOWTHKy CONHAapHOCTH H KooNepallMH MexKAY uepkBamH, —roBopua M. Autonecky MHHHCTpaM B deB- pane 1943 r., — c Tem uTOOnI B 3aBTpauiHeh Espone one- peTbca Ha XPHCTHAHCKHA mopstoK>!®, Tlonbitku cbaliucrckoro mpaputenbeTBa PyMbnin npH- MHpHTbCa C 3allaQHBIMH , axe © OCTaBIEHHEM TeEPPHTOPHH, HO cOMpoBOxAaeMad KOHTPHACTYNaTeab- HbIMH JefcTBHAMH, MOXeT DaTb MpekpacHble pesymbTaTH. CM.: Ca- zanisteanu C. O sursa privitoare la criza regimului politic antones- cian (1942—1943). — Studii, 1970, N 6, p. 1184—1185. 03 JIA, . MHKpodHAbMEE pyMBIHCKHX OKyMeHTOB. Dosar: Copii din telegramele atasatului militar roman la M.C.G. german; Telegrama din 21 Februarie 1943. 7H. 9. Jesur 7 Tutaeposupl He COMH@BAaJIHCb, 4TO B T1aBHOM, T. €. B MpOJoOKeHHH = aHTHCOBeTCKOH BOHE, MpaBAulHe KpyrH qbawuctckoi PyMniHHH NpHszepxKuBalOTcA To xe, ITO H OHH, AHHHH. OfHako, HECMOTpA Ha 3aBepeHHA KOHAyK9TO- pa H ero 3aMeCTHTe/IA B TOM, 4YTO AHMOMATHYeCKHE fe- MapllH Yepe3 HeliTpaibHble CTPpaHbl NpeANPHHATH B WenAX MIpHMHpeHHA C 3aNaHRMH JepKaBaMu B HHTepecax Bcero 6noka, B Bepanue ux we of06puan. B ycnopuax BoeHHEIX Heyfay mpaBHTelH pelixa cTaJIH C MOMO3peHHeM OTHOCHTb- CA K CBOHM colo3sHHKaM. Kak nucan A. Xuaprpy6ep, «nocse CranHurpata B HEMeNKO-pyMBIHCKHX OTHOUeHHAX HacTy- MHA MepHoOs YaCTHYHO OTKPHITOTO, a YaCTHYHO CKPbITOrO Kpu3uca JoBepHar!%, Tutseposun, CaMH HCKaBIUHe MYTH MpHMHPeHHA C 3a- magHHMH epxKaBaMH Ha AHTHCOBeTCKO OCHOBe, He C4H- TaJH HYKHBIM MpeOCTaBJIATb CBOHM MJIaQIHM NapTHepaM MpaBo BecTH TaKHe NeperopopHl BHe cBoero KoHTponA. He 6e3 OCHOBaHHA OHH ONacatHcb, 4TO 3TO YCHAHT HayaBLNit- cA yoke mon yfapamu CopetcKkoi Apmuu pa3Ban caunct- cKoro. 6n0Ka, H pewHiH c CaMOrO Ha4daJla Mpeceyb CcaMo- CTOATEJIbHbIe AKUHH CTpaH-CaTeJJHTOB. Oco6enHo ocTpHi pasroBop Ha aTy TeMy COcTOAMICA BO Bpema setpewn Tutnmepa n Antonecky 12—13 anpena 1943 r. B 3anpu6ypre. B TeyeHHe cero anpena diopep moovepeqHO MpHrialwan K ce6e rlaB «CO103HbIX» rocy- Mapcts. Oru BCTpeyH, Kak OTMeuaeT 3amayHorepMaHckHit 6ypxyasHbi uctopuk B. Tepantu, «q00KHH ObIH mpex- Ae Bcero MOMOYb Mpeosoueth TAKEDA KPH3HC JOBepHA K TepMaHCKoH ccepe BAHAHHA, KOTOPHI Obl BbI3BaH KaTa- cTpopot nog Craauurpagom»!%. [TnaBHoh temo mepero- BOpoB 6bI0 O6cyXAeHHe OGCTAHOBKH Ha COBeTCKO-repMaH- ckom qpoxte. Ilo cBugeteabcTBy AWYHOrO MepeBoquHKa Tutsepa UImuara, TeperoBophl COMPOBOXK Mauch HepeAKO «o60i0QHHIMH ympekamH H OGBHHeHHAMH>!'®, DKenaa nog: 6o_puTb KOHAyKaTOpa Moce cepHH Heyfay PawHcTCKHx apMuit Ha BoctouHom pote 3umofi 1942/43 r., Tutaep 104 Hillgruber A. Die Kriese in deutsch-rumanischen Beziehun- gen in Herbst 1943. — Wehrwissenschaftliche Rundschau, 1956, Heft 12, S. 663. 105 Gérlitz Walter. Der Zweite Weltkrieg 1939-1945, Bd. II. Stuttgart, 1952, S. 194. 1% Schmidt Paul. Statist auf diplomatischer Bihne. 1923—1945. Erlebnisse des Chefdolmetschers im Auswartigen Amt mit den Staatsminnern Europas. Bonn, 1958, S. 552—553. 98 34ABH.1, YTO «B OHKAaiWee BpeMaA GyAyT cHOBa Mpemnpu- HATH YAapbl, YTOGH pa3srpomuTb pyccKkHe apmux. Heo6xo- AMMO IIPHHATh BCe MepH WA BeLeHHA GopbOw 20 nocaeg- Heli BOSMOXxKHOCTH... TombKO nomHad no6efa sABAAeTCA pewengem npo61emm>'°?, Tutaep notpe6opan ot UH. Ax- TOHECKy MpeKpaTHTb KakHe Obl TO HH GHIO MeperoBopH © 3aKJNOYeHHH MHpa Cc 3aMaqHBIMH fepKaBaMu, oTCTpa- Huth M, AHTOHeCKy OT MOMKHOCTH MHHHCTpa HHOCTpaH- HBIX J€A H OTO3BATh PYMBIHCKHX AHMIOMATHYeCKHX Mpes- ctapHteseH u3 Magpuaa, JIucca6ona un Bepua!8, V4. Antonecky B CBO O¥epenb BHCKa3alca 3a npeKpa- WeHHe BOMHE c 3alaQHBIMH 2epKaBaMH, C TeM YTOOH Bce CHJbI CKOHUeHTPHpoBaTb MpoTuB Cosetckoro Co1o3a. Og- Haxo Tutsep HacToan na cpoem!°°, Antonecky o6a3aica MpeKkpaTHTb KOHTaKTH C 3aNaQHNIMH epKaBaMu, HO H @iopepy mpuuitoch MofTH Ha HeKOTOpHle ycTyMKH B 9KO- HOMHYECKHX BONpOcaXx, COrmacHTbcA Ha 4YaCTHYHOe Nora- weHHe repMaHCKOH 3afomxKeHHOCTH PyMBIHHH 3070TOM!!°, OduuvanbHoe KOMMIOHHKe 06 aTOH BCTpeye, KaK H BCe Tipeabiayuyve, Obli0 cOcTaBseHo B MOMMe3HOM, Ka3eHHO- ONTHMHCTHYecKOM ToHe. B PyMBIHHH, no cooOuleHHAM cH- Trypan, BCTpeya BHI3Bala GecnoKoicTBO obulecTBeHHO- CTH, OMacaBuleiicA, YTO 34 STHM MocnefyeT «BceobulaAn MOOHJH3aNHA A HOBOTO HacTynneHHA Ha Boctoxe»!!!, B apyroM AokyMente TafHoh MOnWUHH OTMeYaeTCA, YTO Cc TOUKH 3peHHA peulenHa npo6semH CepepHo Tpancuappa- Hun BeTpeun Tutsepa c raapamu camiuctckux rocyZapcTB «BH3BaH PasO4apoBaHHe, TaK KaK pyKOBOAHTemO PyMbI- HHH H Mpegctaputemio Bexrepckoro rocyfapctBa 61 yeTpoeH HJeHTHYHBIA npHem»!!2, Tlo so3sspamenun Bp Byxapect HW. Antonecky orTantan cBoero 3aMeCTHTeIA 34 «HEOCTOPOXKHOCTh», HO Tpe6oBa- nue Tutnepa 06 ero otctpanenuu He BEInonHHA. B sHaK ‘7 Hut, mo xx.: Hetopaa stopof muposoi sofia 1939—1945 rr., 1. 7. M,, 1976, c. 339, a Hillgraber A. Hitler, Kénig Carol und Marschall Antonescu..., 109 Anale, 1960, Ne 1, p. 101—102; Hcpasazan B. JI, Kyra- koe JI, H. Yxa3. cow., c. 292. NO Jle6edee H. wt Yxa3. cou, c. 418. WTA, o. Murpoduaeast PyMBIHCKHX gokyMeHToB. Darea de seama asupra starii de spirit.. in intervalul 1 Aprilie — 1 Tulie "2 YOTA, &. 30, on. 4, a. 394, 7. 361. 99 HenoponpctBa Tem, uto M. Antowecky He Obl cMelleH, Bepaun fan yka3anve cpoemy mocaaHHuKy B PyMBHHH ACMOHCTPaTHBHO nu36eraTb BCTpedY C BHIe-MpeMbepoM H TIOMMePKHBATb KOHTAKT HeMOCpeACTBCHHO C HM. Antone- exy!!3, He mpouo wu Mecaya nocne serpeyn c Tutaepom B 3aapu6ypre — u M. Autonecky npegnpunaa oyepenuyto NOMbITKy MOFOBOPHTbCA C HTaJbAHWaMH O COBMECTHHIX MlOHCKax nyten ANA 3aKJiOYeHHA MHpa C 3aMaQHbMH Jep- 2KaBaMH. PyMBIHCKHA BHUe-mpeMbep MOcuHTat, 4YTO BOeH- Hpre HeyfauH HMtanun Bp Cesepxod Adpuke, npupenuue K Notepe Bcex adpHkaHCKHX KOJOHHH, Hw mpHOnwKeHHE BOHHEI HeNnocpeACTBeHHO K rpaHHllaM cBoeH cTpaHbl 3acta- BAT y¥e OblTb Gonee cropopunBEiM. 17 Maa Bospa Cxonna coo6ulua HTaJIbAHCKOMY 3a4MECTHTCAIO MHHHCTpa HHOCT- panHex gen Bactuannun, KoToppiit mocne otcraBkH Unano qaktuyeckH ynpaBaaa MunuctepcTBoM HHOCTpaHHIX Jes Htanun, opp mpoext M. Antonecky o co3qaHun «Cpe- Qu3eMHoMopcKoH AxTaHTH»>. PyMBHCKHA BHie-mpemMbep Onl npurnawen B Pum. 1 wiona 1943 r. on BeTpeTHaCA C Myccosuun. Tyye cormacHJicA MpeANpHHATb COBMeCTHO C Pymunvei gelictBHA Ia 3aKMIOUeHHA MepeMHpHaA Cc 3a- NlaQHBIMH epKaBaMH, HO He paHbllie, YeM Yepes; [Ba MeCALLa, NOaran, YTO 3a 3TO BPCMA NOJIOMKeHHe Ha ponte HeCKOJIbKO YJIYYWIHTCA H YMaCTCA BbITOPrOBaTb 6onee mar- KHe ycoBHA Nepemupual!*, Oguako coBMecTHbe HTaJIO-PYMBIHCKHe aKUHH Tak H He 6blaH npeanpuuatel. Cnycta 25 que mocie scTpewn c M. Axntonecky MycconnHw Obi cMelleH H apecToBaH. K Baactn B Uraann TIpHWJIO MpaBHTeJIbCTBO Maplilaa Bagomo. Mo cnopam A. Kpeusny, M. Antonecky B mep- BRA 2Ke eHb ampecoBayl cpoyHoe mocwaHHe MHHHCTpy HHOCTPaHHHIX el HOBOTO HTaJIbAHCKOFO TIpaBHTebCTBa c mpeasowKeHhem «OObeAHHHTBCA H BMeCTe BBIHTH H3 M0- JIOKEHHA», HO MONYYH OT MpaBHTebCTBa Bayombo yKJOH- uHBBIA oTBet!!5, Tloctenennuii oTxoq HW. Antonecky oT ofHocTopoHHel OpHeHTalHH Ha PHTepOBCKy10 Tepmanuio, ero CTpeMsleHHe YyCTaHOBHTb KOHTaKTH C 3aMaQHbIMH AepKaBaMu cOnH3HIH "3 Hcpasaan B. JI, Kyraxos JI. H. YKa3. cou. c. 293. 14 Hillgruber A. Hitler, Konig Carol und Marschall Antonescu. S. 171; Cretzianu A. Op. cit., p. 89—93. 4S’ Taw Ke, c. 89. 100 TOUKH 3PeHHA MpaBHTenbcTBa H Oypxya3sHOH «onno3sHuHH» Ha BHelHeMomHTHYeCKHA Kypc cTpaHb. JIuzepy Tak Ha- 3bIBaeMUX «HCTOPHYECKHX» NapTHA — HallHOoHad-WapaHu- crckoH (HII) u Haynonan-nn6epanpHot (HJITI) — caon cTpaterHueckHe MaHbl TakKe CTPOHH B pacueTe Ha Ocy- uecTBeHHe mpecnopytoro <«OankaHcKoro BapHaHTa> Uepunana, cBefeHHA O KOTOPOM OHH NomyYanH Mo pa3smHy- HBIM KaHaJlaM OT MpeAcTaButenei mpaBaulux KpyroB Aur- anu, CLIUA # paga HeBowiouux cTpaH. B atux rocygapcr- BaX B Ka¥eCTBe 9MHIPaHTOB MpOKHBaNH HeEKOTOpHe ObIB- Wve JUMIOMaTH H ApyrHe MOMHTHYeCKHe eaTeAH KOpo- aesckoi Pymulnwa — croponuukh HIT nu HJINM. B Aunr- 1MH OHH TpynmvpoBanvch BOKpyr GHIBUIerO pyMBIHCKOrO nocaaHHuKa B Jlongone B. Tuan, B CLUA — soxpyr 6niB- wero nocnanuuka K. Jlasuana. StH asMurpaHTcKHe KpyrH MpHaarann HeMano ycuaHi, uTOOH yTBepAHTb -Ha 3anaze MHeHHe O HadHWHH B PyMBIHHH CHJbHOM onno3HuHH dpa- WIHCTCKOMy pe2%KHMy CO CTOPOHBI «HCTOpH¥eCKHX» napTHil, B MepByio oyepedb Angepa HIM 1O. Manny. Ha ctpann- Wax pada raseT BOCNPOH3BO_HIHCh NepenpaBsenHble 3a rpaHuuy mucbma IO. Manny u J. Bpatuany, anpecopan- uble WH. Antonecky!!®, Cam Tuas p ctatbe «IlonoxeHHe B PyMbIHHH>, ony6- ‘IMKOBaHHOH B HiombCKoM 1943 r. HoMepe aHraHiicKoro 2kypHaata «KouTemmopepi peBbioy, BCAYECKH PacxBaMHBat «6opb6y» pykosogutenei HUI » HJIT npotus noautuku npaButenbctBa WH. Antouecky, WHTHpoBad BbIepXKKH U3 HX MHceM, afpecoBaHHHx KOHAyKaTopy, Ha3biBan IO. Ma- Huy 4 J. BpstHaHy «nufepaMu cTpaHbl». B wayane 1943 r. B aHraHiickHxX MpaBHTeAbCTBeHHBIX Kpyrax MosyyHaa pacnpoctpaHeHHe BepcHa 0 TOM, YTO, MOM, Ha COBeTCKO-repMaHCKOM (ppoHTe mo yka3aHHIo 10. Manny 14 tac. pyMuH — ypoxennes Cesepo-Boctoy- Ho TpaHcHabBaHHH — C/aqHCbh COBeTCKHM BOfickaM. Co- o6uan Hapkomungeny CCCP o cBoux KOHTakTax c py- MBIHCKOM «Onno3HuHeH», aHrAHACKHe QHMAOMATH ONepHpo- Ba.1H 3THM JOMHCJIOM ABHO C WembIO NpegctasuTh Manny Kak MpPOTHBHHKa aHTHCOBeTCKOH BOMH H BAHATeEHOTO ‘6B anranfickoi rasete «Caan Taiimc» oT 22 mapta 1942 r. Gbio nomeuleHo nucbMo 1O. Manny u JI. Bpstuany, Hanpaprennoe If, Antonecky B axsape 1942 r., B aMepHKaHcKOA oT 26 oKTAGpA 1943 r. — mucbMo 10. Manny koHAyK9TOpy ot 30 centaGpa 1943 r. 101 augepa cBoero Hapoga. B nucbMe ot 20 mapta 1943 r., HanpaBsewHom nocay Beauxo6putanun B CCCP, HKH 3aABHJ, ITO CBEMeHHA AaHTHiicKOTO MpaBHTeABCTBa O MeH- HBIX He Nog~TBepxAaioTca. Bmecte c Tem CopetcKoe mpa- BUTeIBCTBO He BO3paKalo MpOTHB NosMepKakHa KOHTAaK- ta c Manny, noaaras, yto «B xoge MeperoBopoB HafizeTca 6a3a aia COTpyquHyecTBa MexAy rpynnoit Manny u Co- BeTCKHM H aHTJIMACKHM MpaBHTeJbCTBaMH>!!7. . Oguako peakuHOHHHe eATenH «HcTOpHyecKHXx» napTHit BoBce He 2KeaH CoTpyAHHYaTh c CopetckHM Col030M Ht B cBoeH NOMMTHYeCKOH Hrpe Mean CTaBKy HCKAIOYHTENb- HO Ha 3anagHble HMMepHanHcTHYecKHe JepXKasBHl. C anrao- AaMePHKaHCKHM BTOpxKeHvem Ha Basnkawbl OHH CBASBIBa1H HaJ@KA He TOABKO Ha CoxpaneHue 6yp2kya3HO-Nomelli- upero cTpod B PyMHHHH, HO H Ha YQOBMeTBOpeHHe CBOIIX mputa3anufi Ha BeccapaOuw u Cesepnyio Byxosuny. Kak u AutoHecky, peaKUHOHHBle pykoBoguTetu HLIT1 u HJIT] saictynanu 3a npogoaxKenne BOHHE npotus CCCP, uTOObl He MOMycTHTb MpHOmHxKeHHA KpacHoh ApmuH kK rpaniuam Pyminun. Ha ocHose BHCcKa3HBaHHA 1MzepoB Hallvouan-nuGepanop curypaHua caemyiouluM o6pa30M onpezernna No3HuHIO asToH NMapTHH: «CToATb Ha TOUKe 3peHHa G6e30roBopoyHoro npogomKeHHA BOAHEI MpoTHB CCCP, ecnu make BpeMeHHO MpHzeTcA OTIOXKUT Mmpo6.1e- my CesepHoii Tpancuappanuu, u60 B HacTOmuee BpeMA Haule (PyMbIHCKHX KaNHTaJHCTOB H NoMeulHKosB. — H. JT.) Cyl@CTBOBaHHe 3aBHCHT B MepByl0 o¥epesb oT oGecreve- HHA BOCTOYHEIX py6exkell, Mocne Yero MOXKHO OyzeT cTa- BHTb BOMpoc O BOCCOeAHHEHHH TOM YacTH TpaHcHAbBaHHH, KOTOpylo MpHwaocb yctynutb...»!'8§ 3a npomomKeHHe aH- THCOBETCKOA BOWE PaTOBaH H HalHOHas-LapaHucTcKHe BOKAKH, HO, KaK MpeACTaBHTeAH HHTepecoB TPaHCHJIbBaH- ckoh Oypxkya3HH, OHH TpeGoBanH OT MpaBiTembcTBa, 4TO- 6 OHO AO6HNOch or TepMaHHH aHHYAHpOBaHHA BeHCKorO. «apOuTpaxka» ellie «0 OKOHYaHHA BOHHDID!!9, 1O. Manny u J. Bpstuany, kak w Mpexkze, cunTaan, TO, Moka BOHa mpotus CCCP npogommaetca uw aHrao- "7 CopetckHi Cow3 Ha MexkayHapOnax KOHepeHuHAx nepiola Beanko OrevectsenHoi sou 1941—1945 rr. 7. 1. Mockosckaa KOHepeHWHA MHHHCTpOB HHOCTpaHHX gem CCCP, CIA 1 Beasnko- OputanHn (19—30 oxta6pa 1943 r.). COopHuk aoKyMeHTos. M., 1978, c. 395—396. "8 YOFA, . 30, on. 4, a. 477, a. 485. 8 Tam 2Ke. 102 aMepHKaHCKHe BOicKa He BLICaMHAHch Ha BaaKaHcKoM Toslyoctpose, celyeT He TObKO COXpaHATb, HO H Mo.4ua- HBO MOMJepXKHBaTb BOeHHO-allHcTCKOe MpaBHTe.1bCTBO Auntonecky. Buictynaa B Ha¥ane aHBapa 1943 r. Ha cope- WaHHH HauHoHad-yapanuctos, Manuy saapua: «PexuM Maplwiana AHTOHeCKy, eCaH axKe B MOAWTHYECKOM N.1aHe OH H He HaXOZHTcCA B OpOHTe DeMOKpaTHH, HeO6xO,HMO NoMepKHBaTb, H, CleMOBaTeAbHO, NpHseTCA cormacnTeca B MpHHiune HC 9KOHOMHYeCKHMH YCTYMKaMH, KOTOpble MBI BRIHyKZen Gynem cpenatb TepMannn»!20. Takum o6pa- 30M, H3 HeHaBHcTH K CopeTckomy Colo3y «teMokpaT» Ma- HWY COMHapH3HpoBascA C AHTHHAWHOHaAbHOA MOAHTHKOTI cpauucTcKoro mpaButenbcTBa AxToHecky. Sta nozsepxKa o6ycOBIHBanacb H Goa3HbIO coOcTBeHHOro Hapoga. Ha Apyrom copeuwianuH Manny 3aapua: «Hpnewnue u G6yzy- uve HHTepechl PyMpiHHH Tpe6y1oT, YTOOH rpynnupoBKU... BO3JepKUBAIHCh OT eficTBHii, KOTOpHie MOrH GBI CO3qaTb TPYQHOCTH rocyfapcTBeHHOMy PyKOBOACTBY, C TeM, 4TOObI MpaBHTeAbCTBO MOTO NOCBATHTb ce6A Mery Bocnpenatct- BOBaHHA KPpaMOJbHBIM 3/1eMeHTaM 3aXBaTHTb B TaKHe MO- MeHTH 6pa3an mpaBleHHA B cTpane». Tosopa o «kpa- MOJbHEIX dJleMeHTax», aHZep HII] umen B Bugy pacty- ulee aHTHallucTckoe ABHXKeHHe, BO3TIaBAeMOe KOMMY- HuctTaMuH!?!, B ayxe 3THX yKa3aHHi H JeficTBOBanH BesyulHe PYMbIHcKHe Gypxya3Hble mapTHH, HMeHOBaBuHe cebsa «Je@MOKpaTH¥eCKHMH> H «ONNO3HKHOHHHIMH». OueHHBaA HX Heatenbuocth, Tenepanbuaa AMpeKUHA NOAHUHH MHCaua, . 4TO OHH «He MpeANpHHHMAIOT KaKHX-nH6O aKUHii, co3sai0- WHX TpyQHOCTH Aa mpaButeapcTBa>!?2, OrtHocuTenbHO NOSHUKH NpoawHucTcKoH HauHOHad-xpHCTHaHCKOH NapTHH Ky3bl B KBapTamMbHOM oTYeTe CHTypaHU 3a ampe.ib — MtOHD 1943 r, cka3aHo Caemyloulee: Ha COBelaHHH CO CBOH- MH cTopoHHHkamy I. Ky3a 3aABHa, 4TO MapTua MpHsep- XKHBaeTCA «TOUKH 3PeHHA TMaBbl TOcyAapcTBa» H Ha MaH- '20 Gheorghiu J. si Roman A. Din lupta P.C.R. pentru scoaterea Romaniei din razboiul antisovietic si intoarcerea armelor impotriva hitleristilor. — Studii, 1956, N 3, p. 85. 121 Tam Ke. 122 VJIA, @. MukpopuabMbl pyMblHCKHX JokyMeHTop, Darea de scamd asupra starii de spirit.. in intervalul 1 Aprilie 1942—1 Ap- rilie . 103 HOM 9Tale OrpaHHYHBaeT CBOIO JeATebHOCTb «COXpaHeHH- €M KOHTaKTOB c ee KagpaMu>!?3, CaegopaTenbHo, yCHIHBWasacd mocne Cranuurpana MOAHTHYeCKaA AKTHBHOCTb «OMNMO3HUHOHHDIX» napTui, He ipeActaBlata ONacHOCTH AA pexHMa Autonecky H HE Gecnokona KoHAykaTOpa. CekpeTHBle cayxKOn peryapHo Zoknanbipann HW. Antonecky o BcTpeyax Hw cozepkaHHH pasroBopos, KoTopHle BeH Mexay co6oH pyKoBoguTenH «Onno3HUHH», 06 HX KOHTaKTax C JHNMOMATaMH HeliTpanb- HBX cTpaH B Byxapecre H c ceKpeTHBIMH 9MHCCapaMH 3anagHBx jepxaB. IIputom coo6ulenua ux 6blaH HaCTOMb- KO NOJHBIMH H o6cTOATebHEIMH, 4TO BO3HHKaeT BOMpOCc: He CaMH JH «ONNMOSHUHOHEpbi» HHOpMHpoBanH TaKHM Ny- TeM MpaBHTeIbCTBO O CBOHX akuHAX? HeyfHBHTembHO, ¥TO nocneaHee, HECMOTpA Ha OHUHaNbDHAH 3anpeT BCAKOM NOAUTHYeCKOH DeATebHOCTH B CTpaHe, CNOKOMHO B3Hpato Ha feHcTBHA CBOHX «IIPOTHBHHKOB», He MpHHHMasA MpOTHB HHX HHK&@KHX Mep. Bosee TOrO, HaQBHraiollaAca OMacHOCTb TlopadxkKeHHA H CTpeMJIeHHe COXpaHHTb 6yp2kya3Ho-nomeulH- aH cTpowt 3aCTaBHJIH MpaBHTeJIbCTBO H «ONnno3HWHio» YCHJIHTb CBOH KOHTaKTb B MOHCKaX BHXOMa H3 TAKEeOTO NlojoxeHua. B MaTepHanax pyMBIHCKHX KOHTppasBesblBa- T@MbHBIX OpraHoB OTMeyanoch, yTO Manuy uw BpatHany «NOAMepKHBalOT MOCTOAHHY!O CBA3b C TOCMOAHHOM Map- wagom AutToHecky, 4TOOH B cayyae Nopaxenua Tepma- HHH B BOMHe HMeTb fpo 3amac CNHCOK HOBOrO Je€MOKpaTH- 4uecKOrO MpaBHTeJbCTBa...», ITO Manny «no6naca Mowaa- .HBOrO) §«6cormacHa §=Mapllana AnToHecky OpraHH30BaTb CBOH NapTHAHbe Kap Kak Mpe@ynmpeAHTebHylO Mepy B cnyyae HeOOXOZHMOCTH H36paTb BHeLWHENONHTHYECKy10 OpHeHTallHWo>, H3 asTHxX Ke HCTOUHHKOB ABCTBYeT, 4TO Nepe6upanuch pa3HYHBe BapHaHTH OGbeAHHeEHHA CHA OypxyasHBx nmapTHA H rpynnHpOBOK Aa mpexynpexkse- HHA Kpaxa Bcel rocnogcTByollei CHCTeMBl, B YaCTHOCTH NOABHJICA MpOeKT CO32aHHA «6n0Ka» ABYX «HCTOPHYCCKHX> NapTHit H O6pasopaHua Ha ero ocHope «HaluonanctH- yeckoit AUPeCKTOPHH»> C BKJIOUCHHEM B ee COCTaB TakKe npexctaBuTenem dawuctckux naptui Ky3n un )Kenesnoit rpapauu!4, "3 HITA, . Muxpodicbmur pyMbuckHx goxymentop, Darea de seama asupra starii de spirit... in intervalul 1 Aprilie—1 lulie 1943. 14 Tam Ke, 104 Ha noautuyeckoH apeHe BHOBb NOABHach (purypa Obipwiero Mpembepa np AHKTaType Kapoaa Il — I. Ta- Tapecky. Ou cfeaaa MOMTKy BOCCTaHOBHTb eHHCTBO Ha- UHOHaJ-1H6epanbHo mapTHH mogx pykopogctBom I. Bps- THany!5, Emy 2ke MpHHagaexkuT mpoekt co3qaHua « omacadHcb, 4TO OTKPbITaA NOAepxKKa MpaBHTeNbcTBeHHO! JHHHH JHWIHT HX BCAKOTO BAWAHHA B HapOHBIX Maccax, 3HaYHTebHaA 4YaCTb KOTOPHX MpOlO1Kana CuHTaTh HX GopuaMH mpoTHB BOAHE H colo3a c Tepmannef. HM, nako- Hell, OHH BOBCe He COGHpPadHch DeMHTb C KOHAYK3TOPOM OTBETCTBEHHOCTh B Cly4¥ae NoparxkeHHA B BOMHE. Bor noyemy, Korga pa3rpoM @alwHcTCKHX apMuii 107 Cranuurpagom ctan ovepugnnM, 1O. Manny u J. Bpstia- HY MOTOponHAHch TyT %Ke, B AHBape 1943 r., HanpaBUTb MV. Antonecky ete OHO COBMeCTHOe MocnaHHe c yKOpaMii B TOM, 4TO KOHAYK9TOp He BHA HX COBeTaM H Mocalat 6onbuloe YHCO DHBH3HA BoeBaTs B ray6b Poccun!?®. JIn- Hepbl NapTHH NOABHAHCh Ha NaHHXHJe, ycTpoeHHoit B OfHOH H3 uepKBei Byxapecta B cBA3H C TOLOBILHHOH cMepTH O6uBlwero aMepHKaHcKoro MocaaHHHka B PyMBHHH Troutepa!#!, 10 won 1943 r. 10. Manny x J. Bpstuany nanpasnan VW. Autonecky elle O2HO MHCbMO, NpH3BaHHOe 3acBHe- TeAbCTBOBaTb NMepex HCTOpHeh HeNpHYaCTHOCTh «onmMosH- UHH» K MpOBOAHMOM MpaBHTebCTBOM NomHTHKe. HanoMHuB © CBOHX MpexKHHX MpemocTepexkeHHAX, = PpYyKOBOAWTeEIH «HCTOPHYCCKHX»® MapTHH ycHeHHO peKOMeHJOBaqH «nou- TeHHOMY KOHAYK3TOpy> B3ATb MpHMep c Beurpuu, KoTOpaa 3aABHla 06 OT3HIBe CBOHX Bolick c BocTouHoro dpouta Jia BOCCTaHOBAeHHA BOeHHOTO NOTeHUHaa, XOTA ee MoOTe- PH, mo pacuetam Manny uw Bpotuany, coctaBaaan mpumep- HO JecATy!lo “acTh pyMBIHCKHX. B MHcbMe HeT, OHaKO, Make HaMeKa Ha HeOOXOQHMOCTb BbIXOJa H3 aHTHCOBeT- ckof Bodin. Yka3aB, ¥TO PyMBIHCKHe BOficKa «nonecan KaTacTpoduyeckHe NotepH nog CtamHHrpagoM, B H3qy4dH- ne Jona nu wa Kapka3e», 4T0 «yenble JHBH3HH Oban mMe- HeHbI H MHOro TBICAY pyMBIH HampacHo norH610 BO IMA 3aBOeBaHHA TeppHTOPHA H ToposoB, KOTOpHe 3aTeM GBH nokuHyth», Manuy x Bpstday pekomeHgopann Antone- CKy «BOCCTaHOBHTb apMHO CTPaHbl» H CetaTb ee cnoco6- HOM faTb oTNOp «m06oh yrpo3e Ha nyTH peamH3aHH Ha- WHX CO6CTBeEHHHX YaAdHHii>. YTOUHAA 3Ty pasy, OHH TH- cau: «..PyMBIHHA He MOXKeT OCTaBaTbCA MPHBAZAHHOH K aKUHH, HaMpaBleHHOH MpoTHB 3aMaqHBIX eMoKpaTHit, KoTOpHle OkKa3aiM pellaiollyio NOMOLb B cosmaHHH Benn koh Pympnuny!32, 7, e, PyMplHHH B rpaHHiax Bepcaaa. TombKo B 3TOM HanpaBJeHHH H B 3THX LleaAX PyKOBOAH- TeMH «HCTOPH¥eCKHX» NapTHH TpeGopanH «KoOpeHHbIM 06- Pa30M PeBH3OBaTb NOJHTHKY> NpaBHTeNbCTBa, a BOBCe He B MOHCKax nyTef K Mupy c CopetckuM Co1030M. 190 Tam 2Ke. 131 Tam 2Ke. Darea de seam& asupra st&rii de spirit. valul_ 1—31 lulie 1943. . 182 Tam xxe. Dosar cuprinzind scrisori si memorii ale d-lor Const. I. C. Bratianu gi Juliu Maniu cu raspunsurile d-lui Maregal. in inter- 107 TlonbitkH OTMexKeBaTbCA OT KaTHBUeHca NO HaKOHHOR MOCKOCTH BOeHHO-pawMcTcKOM MUKTATYpH npeANpHHaAna H MOHapxHa. OtHoweHHa Mexay H. Antonecky x Kopo- nem Muxaem, KOTOpHt B Ha¥ane BOMHH 6narocnoBHa Mo- xoa npotus CCCP uw Ha KaxkQOM wary BOCXBaan «Map- Wajla-KOHAYK3TOpa>, OXxaMenH elle BO BpeMA seTHeH kamnanun 1942 r. PasMOABKH BO3HHKAH Ha MO¥Be HYHEX PasHoraacHit: CTOPOHH He MOH MOseATS «<1aBpH NoGen> H AOTOBOpHTbCA O CBOHX MpeporaTHBax. Tlocne nopaxkenua nog Craauurpafom Koposb, npHiaa K BHIBOAY 06 OTCYTCTBHH WaHCOB Ha OraronpHATHBA AAA Tutsepa ucxo4 BOHHE! H YYHTLIBaA AHTHBOeHHHe HacTpoe- HHA MowaBaRiollell YaCTH PyMBIHCKOTO Hapowa, BO HMA cmaceHuA cBOero TpoHa pelllH mpegzcTatTb nepex oOmect- BeHHOCTbIO MPOTHBHHKOM MpotOmxKeHHA BOHHE. OrTBeyan Ha HOBOrogHee MpHBeTCTBHe AMNAOMaTHYeCKOrO Kopnyca, C KOTOPBIM BBICTyNHA MpegcTaBuTenb BatTuKaHa B Byxa- pecte Kaccyo, Muxai 3aaBH1 0 CBOeM COKPOBeHHOM 2KeaHHH «BHOBb YBUJeTh MHP H CormacHe MexKAY JIOAb- MH». 1943 r., cKa3aq OH, Obln Gb «NOHCTHHE C¥aCTAHBLIM TOJOM, ec 6b MpHHec BCeM Hapowam %KeTaHHw Mup»!33, Tly61nyHoe 3aaBaeHHe KOpomA, XOTA HM He cOsepr%Ka0 HHKakoli KpHTHKH B agpec AnToHecKky H TepMaHCKHX «COW3HHKOB», MposBy4aso Kak Hecoraacue c oHuHaAbHOn NOMHTHKOH mpaBuTenpctBa. B Bepaune OniH Kpaiine HeAOBONbHE. TepMaHckH nocaaHHHK B Byxapecte Kua- aMurep 3aaBua: «Tutmep we Tako yenoBeK, KOTOpHi NO3BONHT BbIGpocHTb ce6a mocme Toro, Kak ero HCcnONb- 30BaIH AA QOCTHKeHHA wenH»', Uto6n goKa3aTb rHT- S@pOBUaM CBOIO HENPHYaCTHOCTh K 3aABeHHIO KOpouA, H. Antonecky nowen Ha oGocTpeHve OTHOWeHHA C ABOpOM. «Bala pomb 4HCTO (bopManbHas, — BHywan on Mu- xai0, — H BBI He JOJKHBI BMeLIHBaTbCA B rocyfapcTBeH- Hple Jena»!35, TakHM o6pa30M, C OfHOM CTOpOHH, cTpeMjeHHe He gonyctuts Kpacuyio Apmuio kK rpanHiam Pympinnn, yarn OT MopaxkenHa, cnacTH G6ypxkya3HO-noMelWyHH cTpor cla4HBato PAAR pa3sqH4yHbIX rpynnupoBoK rocnoscTByi0- WHX KaccoB, 3aCTaBAAA HX DeHCTBOBaTb B OAHOM HanpaB- ‘33 Curentul, 1943, 3.1. 1 Llnt, mo _KH.: Mourin M. Le drame des Etats satellits de Axe de 1939 4 1945. Paris, 1951, p. 126. 85 JJe6edes H. H. Yxa3. cou, c. 414. aeHHH. C ApyroH cTopoHbl, yrpo3sa nopaxkeHHa ycuinBana Tpb3HIO Me@KAy HHMH, MOCKOAbKy Kak ad CTOpoHa cTapa- JlaCb CBaJIHTb BHHY 3a CO3aBluieeca TAKeNOe NONOKeHHE Ha OMMOHEHTOB. Cnenyet CKa3aTb, TO CCH B MepHod BpeMeHHHIX yenexos qauinctckux apmMufi B Bepanne tepnumo oTHo- CHIHCh K AeATENBHOCTH PyMBIHCKOH SypxKya3HOH «!36, B weaax wantaxa H. Antonecky, a 3a0QHO 4 AHZepoB «ONNO3HUHH>, KOTOPble OMaCaHCb 3aMeHbI KOHAYK39TOpa MIpaBHTeAbCTBOM BO rmaBe c X. Camo — pykosoguTenem )Kenesxon rBapHu, THTepOBU 3aTeAJIH HOBY!O BO3HIO C sternonepamu. H. Teopre gonocua, ¥To «MexKAy merHoHe- pamu B Tepmanun 4 HeMelkoH cekpeTHOH nosHuHel noa- epxKHBaeTca cBA3b»!37. B cpoio oyepenb Tenepanpuan THPeKUHA NOAHUHH B OZHOM H3 OTYETOB OTMEYa/la, 4TO THTJepOBLLI yKpenAAOT CBO TafiHyio arentypy B Pym- HHH. «YCHeHHO BeeTCA pa6oTa No opraHH3alHH HHop- MAUHOHHOA cyK6b C OCOGHIMH yYHKUHAMH: BeCTH Ha6s10- WeHHe H WMHOHHTb 34 NOMHTHYCCKHMH JeATeJIAMH, W1eHa- MH MpaBHTeabCTBa H TeMH, KTO NPOABAReT OTPHUAaTeTbHOe OTHOWeHHE K TOCyWapCTBaM OCH. Tlannaa opranH3alnia AelictByeT B KOHTaKTe c rectano»'%*, Bce sTo AHWHHH pa3 CBHJeTEAbCTBOBaNO O HeOBepHH TepMaHCKOTO PYyKOBOACT- 136 Studii, 1970, Ne 6, p. 1185. 137 WIA, @. MuKpodusapMp pyMblucKHx 2oKyMeHTos. Dosar: Cop din. telegramele atasatului militar roman la M. C. G. german erlin. 138 Tam xe. Darea de seam& asupra starii de spirit... in inter- valul 1 Aprilie — 1 Tulie 1943. 109 Ba K PYMBIHCKOMY COIO3HHKy H 06 yray6neHHH pacKona B cbaumuctcKoM 6.10Ke. Otpaxkenem pacKowa ABHAWCh H BCe ycHAMBalUlaA- CA Bpakla MexKDY PyMBIHCKHMH H BeHTepCKHMH «COIO3HH- KaMH> Mo THT/ePOBCKOM KOaIHUHH, pocT 4HCNa norpaHHy- HBIX HHIHJCHTOB, KOTOpHe, KaK MpaBHJO, 3aKaHYHBaJHCh yeoBeyecKHMH 2KepTBaMH. Ecau B 1941 r., cormacuo py- MBIHCKHM JaHHIM, Npowsousto 14 HHUMZeHTOB, B 1942 r.— 36, To 3a BOCeMb c MomoBHHOM MecaueBR 1943 r. — 37 HH- mugentos'’*, Kak oTMeyaeTCH B OJHOM H3 PYMBIHCKHX AOKyMeHTOB, CO3MaHHaA AA PaCCMOTPeHHA MorpaHHyHbIXx KOHQAHKTOB HTalo-repMaHCKad KOMHCCHA «orpaHH4HBaeT- Ca BHYWeHHAMH OAHOM HW Apyrof cTopoue, u3GeraeT ycta- HOBNCHHA BHHOBHHIX, TOAbKO coo6ulaeT oO cCTHYKaX B Bepauu u Pum u xuxoeda ne npenarcreyeT npodonrxenuto uxyudentoe (BLigeneHO B moKyMeHTe. — H. JI.)». B ycao- BHAX TAXKEABX NOpakKeHH THTMepOBCKHX BOCK rny6oKHe MIPpOTHBOpe4HA MEX LY COW3HHKAMH M0 aHTHCOBETCKON BOii- He NOZphBaqH 610K allHcTcKHX rocyZapcTB, KOTOPHI B m1060/ MOMeHT rpo3H. pa3BasHTBCA. * * * DKenaa pepHyTp ce6e yTpaueHHylo cTpaTerH¥eckylo HHHWHaTHBY, MOBEPHYTb TeyeHHe BOMHH B CBOIO MO/b3y, B3ATb peBaHW 3a CTaqHHrpayq H TeM CaMBIM MpexoTBpa- THTb pacha THTAepoBCKOH KOaTHUHH, MpaBuTenu pelixa, TlOMbSYACb OTCYTCTBHEM BTOPOro PpouTa B Espone u ocy- UIeCTBHB TOTaJIbHyIO MOGHMH3AalHIO, CKOHUeHTpHpoBaH K slety 1943 r. Ha COBeTCKO-repMaHCKOM poHTe orpoMHoe KO.HYeCTBO BOCK H TEXHHKH JIA NpogomKeHHA SonbUOn BOHHEI. 5 Hioa HeMenko-haliuctckHe BOficKka Mepelmu B Ha- ctynexHe Ha Opsoscko-Kypckom 4 BesropogcKo-Kyp- cKoM HanpaBrenHax. Hayanacb ofa 43 KpynHefmux 6uTB BTOpoH MHpoBoh BOMHE. Lleno Gombuiux NoTepb mpoTHB- HHKy ya0Cb JIHUIb He3Ha¥HTebHO BKAHHHTRCA B Hallly o6opony. Ho cnycta HecKoAbKO Aue daulHcTcKHe BOficKa 6bi1H OcTaHoBneHb. KpacHan ApMHa mepellna B pellH- TeAbHoe KOHTpHacTynenHe H 5 aprycta ocBoGoguaa Open u Bearopog. Motepx rataeposckux Bolick Bp xoge KypcKkoit 89 HLA, . Mukpodaaemer pyMitickx gokymentos, —Dosar: Ungaria, Incidente de frontier’ cu Romania. 110 6uTBbI GbIIH KONOCCabHEE H HEBOCMOJHHMEI: pasrpomseH- HBIMH OKa3aiHcbh 30 AHBH3Hi, BepMaxT MoTepan oKOO 500 thc. congqaT Hu Oduuepos, 1,5 THC. TaHKoB, 3 THC. opyanii w Oonee 3,7 Thc. camonetos4?, BoeHHo-nonnTH4e- cKHe MlaHbl Tutsepa OKOH4aTeIbHO MpOBaJIHJIHCb. Hag dawucrcko# TepmManvei HaBucna peaabHan yrposa noaz- Horo NopaxkKeHHaA. Mlo6ega nog Kypckom nonoxkWna Hayao KpynHoMy- HaCTYNJ€HHIO COBETCKHX BOHick, pasBepHyBleMyca Ha pote MpotTaxKeHHocTbw B 2 THC. KM — or Hespena no TamMaxcKoro nosyoctpopa. Yap Copetckof Apmuu no THTMepOBlLaM CO3asH 6naronpHaTHHle YCIOBHA JIA BBI- caKH aHIlO-aMepHKaHCKHX AHBH3HA Ha ocTpoBe Cuun- ‘IHA, a 3aTEM HEMOCpeACTBEHHO Ha AneHHHHCKOM mloslyoct- pose. 25 HionA, KaK ye OTMe¥asocb paHee, MycconnHH Obl OTCTpaHeH oT BaactH u B Mtaaun ccbopMupoBaHa MpaBUTeAbCTBO BO rlaBe c Mapllaiom Bagonso. 3 centa6- PA HOBOe MpaBHTeMbCTBO 3aKMIOYHIO MepemHpHe c CILIA un Axravef. B atu gun '4!, Tak ono u Onno. IIpaBauwne Kpyru H Tak Ha3bIBaeMble OnMO3HUHOHHbIe rpynnbl B CTpaHax—caTeAAHTax Tepmannn YCHAHH MNOWCKH BHIXofa H3 BOMHE. C uenbio mpesoTBpa- UleHHA CBoero MOMHOrO Kpaxa OHH CTaH G6pocaTb mpo6- Hble MHpPHble Waphl B CTOPOHY aHIJIH¥aH H aMepHKaHlles, y KOTOPHX HajleAJHCbh HafTH MOHHMaHHe. B cBA3H Cc TO- <‘1y¥eHHeM HHcopMallHH aHraniicxoro moconpcTBa B Mock- Be O NMOMbITKaX OTACJbHHX ONNOSHUHOHHHIX 3JIEMeHTOB Beurpuu ycTaHOBHTb KOHTakT c OpHTaHCKHMH MpelcTaBH- TeIAMH B HeATpasbHblx cTpaHax BCTa BOMpoc O BbIpa6ot- Ke JepkaBaMH AHTHTHTepoBcKon KOaJIHUHH CQHHBIX Tpe- 6opaHui K crpahaM—catennutam Tepmanuu mpx nepero- Bopax o mupe. Eme 7 uiona 1943 r. HapKoM HHOCTpaHHBX agea CCCP B. M. Mosotos B nucbMe, afpecoBaHHoM Noc- ay BeauxoOputanun B CCCP A. K. Keppy, 3aaBHa, 4T0 «Copetckoe MipaBHTebCTBO HaXOJHT BO3MOKHBIM ANA COW3HHKOB = UMeTb HeOPHUHAIbHBI KOHTAKT, a TakxKe. BCTyNaTb B NeperopopHl (0 ¥eM GbI 2KeNATeMbHO mpesBa- 40 Victopua sropoit mupopofi pofts 1939—1945 rr. 1. 7, c. 178. 41 TIpapaa, 1943, 9.1X. Mt PHT€AbHO HHOpMHpoBaTb Apyr Apyra) c onNO3sHWNOHHBIMH aleMeHTaMH B BeHrpHH, HO CYHTaeT, YTO B OCHOBY OTHO- weHHA cow3HHKoB c BenrpHei H ApyrHMH caTeaanTaMi Tepmanuu 4 Uranun goku! 6bITb NOMOwKeHE cueayioulnie NpHHWHNH: a) GOesoroBopoyHaa KanuTyAauHa, 6) BosBpaT 3aXBayeHHEIX HMH TeppHTOpHi, B) BO3MeLeHHe MpH4yHHeH- HBIX BOHHOH yObITKOB, Fr) HaKa3aHHe BHHOBHHKOB BOMHEI». B otsetHom mucbMe oT 19 mona 1943 r. A. K. Kepp coo6mHa B. M. Moanotosy o ToM, ¥TO aHraHiickoe mpaBH- TeNbCTBO CorsacHo c NpesomKenHem CCCP otHocutesbHo Toro, Kakyi0 NO3HUHIO «crelyeT 3aHATb No OTHOLIeHHIO K JepxkapaM—catTeluTaM OCH», a TaKKe yka3ai, 4TO “B3rAb CoBeTCKOrO MpaBHTeJbCTBa BHHMATeJbHO H3y4a- JOTCA>. 8 centa6pa 1943 r. A. K. Kepp nucan B. M. Mosoto- BY, 4TO, XOTA MpaBHTerbcTBO BenHkoOpHTaHHH H CormacHo © YeTHIPhMA MPHHUMNaMH, H370>%KeHHEIMH CoBeTCKHM Mpa- BHTe/IbCTBOM B MHCbMe OT 7 HiOHA 1943 T., TeM He MeHee OHO cuHTaeT, ¥TO PopMyny GesoroBopoyHOH KaNHTY.TAWH 2KeMaTeIbHO MPCbABAATh TaKHM O6pa30M, «4TOObI OHA MomHOCTbIO He OGeckypaxKHa Kakylo-1H60 43 rpynn B cTpaHax-caTemHTax, KoTOpbie paOoTawT Haq TeM, TOO YMeHBIHTb BK/la HX CTPaHb B BOeCHHHIe YCHJIHA OCH, H Hay, BO3MOXKHHIM BHIXOJOM STOM CTpaH u3 Aareps ocH 1 ReficTBHA KOTOPHIX MOryT 6bITh B OMpeseneHHoe Bpema MONe3HbI AA COIO3HHKOB>. Sta oropopka Gpisla Mpenorxena c ABHOH UesbIO Co- XPaHHTb 3a 3aNaQHBIMH AHMOMaTaMH, Ja H 3a MpaBHTe- AAAMH CTPaH-CaTeAAHTOB, BO3MOXKHOCTD, MpHOeraTb K pa3- JIM4HBIM MaHeBpaM. B otsete B. M. Monotosa ot 19 cen- ta6pa 1943 r. roBopHuiocb, yT0 CoBeTckoe mpaBHTesbCTBO MposOmKaeT MpHAepXHBATHCA MHEHHA O HeOOXOAMMOCTH cTporo co6sio_aTb dopMyanW GesoropopoyHoh KanutTyaA- WHH, AeHCTBOBaTb ObICTpo H pellHTebHO, aG6bl He aTb BO3MOXKHOCTE TepMaHHw H ee CaTeMAHTAaM OMpaBHTeCA OT pacTepaHHOCTH B CBa3H C KanHTynAuMeH Mtanuu Hu He No- 3BOJIHTb peiixy yKpenutsca B lOro-Boctouxoi Espone!*?. A pactepsHHocTb B cTaHe O6ypxkya3HH H MOMeLLHKOB CTpaH-CaTeJHTOB riaBHLM O6pa30M B CBA3H Cc Mopaxe- HHem nog Kypckom 6bia gefcTBHTeIbHO BenHKa. B ceK- 42 Copetckni Cow3 Ha MexKAYHapOAABIX KoHepenuttaX..., T. 1, ©. 396, 397. 412 PeTHHIX MOKYMeHTaX PYMBIHCKHX KapaTebHX opraHoB TOBOPHTCA, YTO NOcNeAHHe COOHITHA Ha (ppOoHTe «BLIsBaIH YMOBeTBOpeHHe CpeqH KOMMYHHCTHYECKHX 3/eMeHTOB, BHI- ParkaloulHx yBepeHHOcTb B MOGefe MeMOKPaTHYeCKHX ep- Kab», B TO BPeMA KaK 3aX%KHTOUHOe HacemeHHe, OGectoKo- eHHOe MpOABHXKeHHEM COBETCKHX BOMiCK, O6bI10 OXBayeHO «ray6oKHM meccHMH3MoM>»'*#3, B aprycTOBCcKOM oTueTe TevepatbHof AHpeKWHH NOAHWHH KOHCTaTHpoBasmocb, YTO «HaceyleHHe BCe MeHbIe BepHT OHUHANDHEIM COOGLIeHHAM © TOM, 4¥TO OTCTyNMeHHe Ha Boctoke — pe3ysbTaT rH6Koi TaKTHKH, a He C/leNCTBHeE CHIbHOrO HaTHCKa pyccKHx»!4, Tlotepa Opna u Bearopoga, ormeyaetca B ApyroM OK: MeHTe CHrYpaHUB, ABHJacb «AA Oonbuleh YacTH Hacene- HHA JIHWIHHM JOKa3aTebCTBOM TOFO, TO BOOpyXKeHHHe CHJbl OCH NOTepnaT NomHoe noparxeHuer'45, Sto yOexkeHHe Mo Mepe mpogBHxenHa Kpacuoi Ap- MHH Ha 3anag Bce Gonee yTBepxZatocb. Tpe6opanve WH- pokoh o6ujectBeHHocTH o BHXoge PyMBHHH H3 aHTHCO- BeTCKOM BOMHE ycHIMBanocb. BauatenbHbe KpyrH Gyp- 2Kya3HH, Mo-MpexKHeMy MpHJepXKHBAaBLIHeECA TOUKH 3peHHA npogomKeHuA BOW Ha Boctoke, BMecTe C TeM BHCKa3bI- BaJHCb 34 OT3KB PyMBIHCKHX QHBH3HA c Kapka3a n Kppima B WeNAX «3allHTH HaMHOHAaTbHEIX rpaHHl OT GombuleBH- koB». MOTHBHPOBa0Cb 3TO H TEM, YTO YHCO OTHOCHTEBHO OMBITHEIX H OoecMocoGHHX PyMBIHCKHX JHBH3HH mocae pasrpoma ua Jlony, Bonre u Kaska3e oueHb HeBemHKOo!4®, a oOeulanua Tutaepa o BiiqeneHHH BOOpyxKeHHA, CHapa- 2KeHHA H OOMYHAHPOBaHHA ANA BOCCO3qaHHA pasrpoMseH- HBX COCAHHEHHA BHINMOAHANHCh JHUIb B He3HaydHTebHOH mepe. He ToabKo THJIOBHIe, HO H poHTOBHe 4YacTH oMly- Wat OCTpHA HeZOcTaTOK B BOOpyXKeHHH HW OcOGeHHO 06- MyHQupopanuHn. Komangup 2-ro Gatanpona 112-ro nexot- Horo noaka Kanutan M. Kuypty B MecayHo uncopmauH- OHHOM cBomKe 3a MepHog c 20 uiona no 20 aprycta 1943r. nucan: «Oduuepnt o3a6ouen oTcyTCTBHeM OOMyHAHpOBa- HHA, pyOax H Apyrux kpafine HeOOxODHMBIX NpHHasexKHo- 43 UOTA, ¢. 30, on. 4, 2. 394, 2. 654. 4 Tam Ke, 2. 395, 1. 333. “5 Tam 2xe, 4. 394, 1. 749. “6 Tlo aHHBIM pyMBHCKOrO reHUITa6a, B HOHE 1943 Fr. no” py- *KbeM HaxogHoch 474522 yenosexa (HA, o. Muxpopuseas | py: CKHX joKyMeHToB. Situatia efectivului sub arme fata de ectivul mobilizabil pevanul respectiv). 8 H. 3. Jlesur 113 cTel, Tak Kak NOTepaNH HX BO BpeMA 3HMHero oTCTyNJe- Hua... Ha 75% O6MyHAHpOBaHHe, B OcOGeHHOCTH Opi0KH, MpHuio B HerogHocTb. Muorve conzaTH XOZAT B NOAUITaH- nukax. Boabuiaa HyKJa HMeeTCA B TeMMBX BellaXx... 75% Gelba Take MpHUIO B HeroAHOCTb, GombUMHCTBO ComAaT xOAT 6e3 HocKoB. OrcyTcTBHe Xxo3AficTBeHHOrO HW TyaJeT- Horo Mblla c KaxKAbIM HEM 4yBCTByeTCA BCe GorbUe. CongaTl HeOBOAbHE NHTaHHeM. BpalH3y aBatn nopye- Hy!0 H Ba pa3a OBWIH BHHyKeHR ee BEIGpocHTb>!47, Bce sto, H B MepBy!0 O¥epeNb H3BECTHA O HOBHX Nopa- XKeHHAX BePMAXTa, HakaDWBasO TAKeTbIit OTMeYaTOK Ha MopaJbHoe cocToAHHe Bolick. AsTop UHTHpyeMoro BBILIe oKyMeHTa ceTOBad No NoBoxy Toro, 4¥TO cpeAH otulepoB PacnpoctpansioTca ciyxH O MopaxkeHHH B BOMHe, YTO lO- BeeHHe GONbUIHHCTBA PAAOBHX coMMaT «3acTaBReT 3afy- MBIBaTBCA>, YTO OHH «fe3epTHPyIOT H COBepuiaioT MHOrO HEXOPOUIHX MpOCTYNKOB», «HMeIOTCA 3/IEMeHTHI, KOTOPbIM He TO 4YTO BO BpeMA onepauHii, HO axKe BO BpeMA 3aTH- Wba Ha (ppoHTe HeNb3A OBepATb». Camoe «omacHoe>, cuHTan Kanutan Kuypty, — 93T0 ykopeHHBweeca cpeqHu commatT yGexyeHHe, 4TO «B cay¥ae TAxKeNOH cHTyalHH caenyeT He BOeBaTb, a GONbUIHMH MaccaMH yGeraTb C noma Goa»'48, Tlocne 3uMuef KamMnanun 1942/43 r. ocHoBHaa Macca PYMBIHCKHX BOMCK NepBoro sulenoHa (5 AMBH3Hi) Haxo- aunacb Ha TaManu. TutaepopcKoe KOMaHJOBaHHe cTpeMH- AOCb yepKaTb NOyOCTpoB, CO3aB B 3THX WeNAX OGopo- HHTeAbHEIA py6ex, TaHyBuHiica oT UepHoro no A3zoBcKoro Mops. TIpotupuuk, scnomuHan JI. HW. Bpexkues, «nonn- Maa: NoTepas TaMaHH HeH36exKHO mMpHBezeT K NoTepe Kptima, noctaBut nog yrpo3y ero Boficka Ha YKpanner!*?, @auiuctckaa MponaranguctckaA MalllHHa cTapamacb yOeQuTb pyMbIHCKHX CoafaT, uT0 TaMaHb wu Kppim — o6macTH HHTepecoB PyMBIHHH H OHH <2OUXKHEI ObITb yzep- %KaHbl BO YTO 6b TO HH CTaqO, HHaye PyMBIHHA OKaxKeTCA Tepe, HeMocpeAcTBeHHOM yrpo30H pyccKoro BTOpxKeHHA»!S?, Ho 9TH AOBOMH He DefcTBOBaTH Ha COmMaT, OXBa¥eHHbIX uyBcTBOM O6peyeHHocTH. OHH H3 Nepe6exX4HKOB Ha CTO- pony Kpacuo# Apmuu caegyioulHM o6pa3om oxapaKtepu- “7 IA MO CCCP, @. 244, on. 2980, a. 171, a. 18. “8 Tam xe, a. 19, 20. “9 Bpexnes JI. H. JleHHHcKHM KypcoM, T. 7. M., 1979, c. 34. 180 I1A MO CCCP, @. 371, on. 6386, a. 112, a. 297. 114 30BaJ1 HaCTpoOeHHe comfatcKHx Macc: «Hae nonoxKeHne Ha TaMaHH HamoMHHaeT MonowKeHHe PpyMBIH H HEMUeB NOL Cranuurpagom. Mil okpy>KeHbl, H OTCIOa HaM He BBIMTH. Bogut nyth yepe3 MpomHB He cnaceT Hac B TaAxKeNBE MHHYTH»!5!, B cBa3H C MpHOWKeHHEM COBETCKHX BOMCK K HH30BbaAM J\Henpa nonox%KeHwe TaMaHCKOH rpynnHpoBKH MpOTHBHHKa CTayo elle Gomee TAXKEeAHIM. 3 centa6pa 1943 r. H. Axtonecky B conpoBoxkqeHHH HavaMbHHKa pyMBIHCKOrO reHuitaGa LlItepan w opyrux BbICWIHX O*HuUepoB NpHOH B ctaBKy Tutepa gaa o6cyx- AeHvA co3fapuleroca nosoxenHa. Uto6n ylepxkatb Aaab- HeHWHA pa3sBal KOaNHUHH cauiHcTCKHX focyapcTB u YCNOKOHTb PYMBIHCKHX COIO3HHKOB, MepenyraHHbx ycmexa- mu Kpacuot Apmun u co6nituamu B Mtaaun, Tutsep B ouepeqHOH pa3 oGelllan, 4¥TO CKOpo B XOfe BOHHE «npo- H30HfeT nopopot»'s2, a TakxKe COOOWIH oO -HaMepeHHH OcyleCTBHTb MaHOMepHylo 3BaKyallHio BOCK c TaMma- Hu'53, HayanbHHk renulta6a repMaHCKHX CyXONYyTHHIX CH K. Lleftusep srywian pymMblncKomy Kosnere Lltepae, uto HacTyNenveM, HayaTbiM 5 wloqa B paftone Opa u Ber- Topoda, npecteqopatach cKpOMHaA 3afa4¥a: «cnpoBouHpo- BaTb» PYCCKHX H «34CTABHTb HX BHIIOXKHTb CBOH pe3epBbl». Hemeukuit rexepan nopropan 6acHH o TOM, ¥TO oTCTyMIe- HHe BepMaxTa — BCefO JHIb TaKTH¥eCKHt MaHeBp B WenAX «yKOpayHBaHiaA AHHHH bpoHTa», 410 AKOOH B WeIOM «HeMeLKOe KOMAHAOBaHHe, BBOAA B Gof TaHKOBbIe uacTH, CpaBAaeTCA c HeMpepHIBHNIMH aTaKaMH PYyCCKHX», MOTepH KOTOPHIX «BEJHKH>, a MOPaJIbHOe COCTOAHHe «HH3- koe», B xoge neperosopos Tutnep u Antonecky npn kK BBIBOy O HeEOOXOAHMOCTH MPHOXKHTb Bce CHAN AAA yhep- 2kaHHa Kpbima H MlallapMa Ha sleBom Oepery HH2KHero 7luenpa, yt06pl He AOnycTHTb coBeTcKHe BOlicKa kK Ilepe- Kony H He MOCTaBHTb NOX ylap KpHMcKylo rpynnupoBKy HEMeUKO-PyMBIHCKHX BOiicK. 'S! Tam 2Ke, a. s '82 Hillgruber A Titer, K6nig Carol und Marschall Antonescu, . 173. 1834 centaOpa 1943 r. Oba N3QaH MpHKa3 cTaBKH BepMaxTa 06 oTxoze c KyGauckoro naaugapMa u o6opone Kpbima (c! «Cosep- weHHO cekpetHo! ToabKo aaa KOoMaHAOBaHua!» Ctpateria cbauuct- ckoi Tepmanun 6 pofie npotus CCCP. Jlokymeita Matepnaamu. M.. 1967, c. 526—527) 8* 115 Hemeykan cropoiia 3aTpoHya Bompoc o Mopa.IbHOM COCTOAHHH PyMBIHCKOH apMuH. Kefitenb B Gecege co Iteaet BipasH. Tpepory no NoBOx_y BAWAHHA «Bpaxe- CKOH H NOANOAbHOH Mponarang~bl» H NoTpe6oBa1 NpHHATb MepbI MpOTHB «NaHHKepoB H CesTeneH TeHACHUHOZHX cayxos». Bo spema o6ega Lelitunep nogeaunca repMaH- CKHM OMBITOM MOBBIWIeHNA MOPaJbHOTO COCTOAHHA BO/CK. Ox ropopHa o TWaTeMbHOM KOHTpoe 3a MHCbMaMH, O TOM, 4TO «HEQOBONBCTBAa CelyeT yCTpaHATb ObICTPHIMH H PaqukaabHLIMH cpescTBaMH». TuTmepoBcKHM reHepaaM B CBOIO O4epezb MpHulnoch BbICHYWaTb 2Ka0Obl PyMBIHCKHX COIO3HHKOB Ha Ml0xoe BHINOMHeHHE HeEMeLKOH CTOpoHOH oOs3aTeMbCTB m0 OCcHa- WCHHIO PYMBIHCKHX BOMicK BOOpyxKeHHeM H OOMyHAHpOBa- uuem. «Ienepasta Biome, — cka3aHo B PpyMBIHCKOM oTYeTe © Noceuenun cTaBkH Tutsepa 3 u 4 centaGpa 1943 r., — O3HaKOMHJIH C XXYTKHM MOJIOKCHHEM PYMBIHCKOH apMHH: 43-34 OTCYTCTBHA OOMYHAHPOBaHHA COMMaTH BEIHYKTeHbI XOQHTb B JlaNITAX, HeT CMeHHI Gerba, BbINayy mpoctblneit B Ka3apMax OTMeHHJH, HX GeperyT a8 rocnutTaneh u ca- HaTopHes»'s, Tutmeposubl aH ovepemHoe oGeulaHHe B teueHue 10—12 Mecalles cHa6ZHTb BOCHHLIMH MaTepHasa- MH WECTb PYMBIHCKHX JHBH3HH, a B KOHWe ceHTaOpa — HaYase OKTAOpA BbIaTb AA OCHALeHHA B MepByl0 o4e- Pea pontopHx yacte ycTaHOBNeHHB A HHX MecAY- HH na BoopyxeHuA. Ho Bce HaMeyeHHble B XOZe STHX BCTPed NaH pyxHy- aH mom yfapamu Kpacnofi Apmuu. 9 ceHtA6pa 1943 r. Boennomy Cosety Cesepo-Kaskasckoro gpowta cTaso H3BeCTHO, ¥TO 17-A HeMelKaA apMHA MoONyaHa MpHKa3 ocTaBHTb TaMaHCcKHit nonyocTpos!®’. B stot xe eHb BOi- cka ponta mpx cogeitcrsux1 UepxomopcKoro gaota w A3opcKoh so0THAHH Ha¥anH HactynneHHe Ha Hosopoc- cuiick, a 12 cextaGpa — ua Tamanb. Bmecto 3anaanHpo- BaHHOA 3BakyallHH HeMeIKO-pyMHHCKHM BOACKaM MpHIl- NOCb OTCTYNaTb NOX yhapaMH COBeTCKHX BOMCK, HeCA Oomb- wHe NoTepH B XKHBOH cue H TeXHHKe. 14 WJLA, @. MukpouapMet pyMBIHCKHX oKyMeHToB, Darea de seam& asupra declaratiunilor diferitilor ofiteri germani cu _ocazia vizitei_d-lut Maresal facute la O.K.W. in zilele de 3 si 4 Septem- brie 1943. ‘85 Hctopia BtopoA Muposoh Bohne 1939—1945 rr., T. 7, c. 220. 116 Onacanch BHYTpHNonMTHYeCKHX OcnoxmHeHH, H. Anto- HecKy HacTaHBa Ha 93BakyauuH u3 TaMaHH B Kpbim mpexfe Bcero pyMBIHCKHX AHBH3HH. Ho ruTaepoBub He BHAIH 3THM Mpocb6amM. Hm 6nI0 He JO PYMBIHCKHX coio3HHKoB. OHH OTXOAHJH, MpHKPHIBaACh YaCTAMH PyMBIH- cKOH apMuH. 3a Mecal 6oeB cauucTcKHe Bolicka noTeps- aM yOHTHIMH H paHeHbIMH OKOsO 60 THC. YenOBek!5S, He cyMesn qbamuctckve Boficka OCTaHOBHTb HacTyne- Hue Kpacnof# Apmun 4 Ha Ykpanue. TecHa npoTHBHHKa Ha 3aMag, COBeTCKHe BOiicKa BO BTOpoH MoOBHHe ceHTA6- pa 1943 r. peusH «k Jnenpy Ha wHpokom dpoute B700kM H Ha MHOrHX yyacTKax copcuposasn peky. Tog yrpo3oi pasrpoma BCcero 1OX%KHOFO KPa HeMewKoro cppouTa 15 ceH- TAOpA THTMePOBCKOe KOMAHAOBAHHe MpHHAMO peulenHe 06 oOulem oTBofe Bofick rpynnw apmMHa « Ha AHHIIO Menutononb—JInenp. Llefictsyioumei Ha 9T0M yuacTKe BHOBb CO3faHHOH Mocne CtamuHrpaga 6-f HemelkKoi ap- MHH Obl10 NpHKa3aHo 11060H UeHo BocnpensaTCTBOBaTb MpOABHXKEHHIO COBETCKHX BOCK Ha 3anmaq. «YKpanHa, — mHcaq BMoclescTBHH OBIBUHH THTAepoBCKHA reHepat K. TunneascKupx, — faBana 3HayHTembHOe KOHYeCTBO CeMbCKOXO3AMCTBEHHOM MpOAYKUHH, OT KOTOPOA B BHICWeH cTeneHu Henerko Gb0 6b OTKa3aTeca. CtTanenHTeinan NPOMBILeHHOCTh OAHY TpeTb Bcel noTpeGHocTH B MapraH- uesoh pyfe NOKpHBana 3a cyet Kpusopoxckoro Gacceii- na... H, Hakoneu, B cayyae notepH Kpwima uw gaibHefuero oTXofa Ha 3amaq pyccKHe yrpoxatowle 6143kKO NoOUWIH 6b K HedtaHoMy pafiony Tlnoewtu, nocraBaaBuemy OKo- 0 NOJOBHHH HeO6XOAHMOTO AA HYK BOMHH ropioue- ro»!s7, Mexkay TeM Ha CaMOM 10%KHOM y¥acTKe COBeTCKO-rep- MaHCKOrO poHTa NonoxKenve awluctckHx apMHA c Kax- AbIM QHeM Bce Gombe yxyAwasnocb. 6-H HeMeyKOH apMuH Ne yatoch ylepxatbca Ha aHHHH Meantononb—JIHenp. B oxtaG6pe uacta Kpacnoi ApMuH «HKBHANpoBanH Mau- apM ruTaeposies B pafione 3anopoxba Hw ycnellHo Ha- ctynaaH Ha Kuesckom, Kuposorpagckom x KpxpopoxkckoM HanpaBjeHHax. 18% Hcropun Beano Otevectsentoi softer Cosetckoro Cowsa 1941—1945 rr. T. 3. M. 1964, c. 353; Ipeuxo A. A. Yxa3. cou, c fi crops BTOpoH MHposoH oft 1939—1945 rr, T. ©. 2 3 Tunneascxupx K. Uctopua stopoft muposof sofin. M., 1956, c. 324—325. Tlepesoa c HeMeuKoro. Vi7 B cea3H C TAXKeIbIMH NMOTePAMH, NOHECeHHHMH B xore aTHx 6oes, Tutaepy NpHuin0ch O6paTHTbcA 3a MOMOLIbIO K PYMBIHCKOMy co1o3HHKy. B nucbMe oT 25 oKtAa6pa 1943 r. OH, Mo6marogapus HW. AnToHecky 3a «MocbIky Ha pouT 15 ctpenkoBbx 6aTabOHOB», OTMETHJ, YTO «HacTOAMaA onacHocTh Tpe6yeT elle Gonbulero HanpAxKeHHA cH». Cnekyaupya Ha 2keaHHH pyMblHcKoro dauluctcKoro mpa- BHT@MbCTBA AHHEKCHPOBaTb COBETCKHE TeppHTOPHH 0 Byra, Tutaep nucan ganee: «fl 3naio, uTo Beco 1944r. Bbl HaMepeHB! G6blIH NoctaTb Ha BocTounwi dpouT no BO3MOXKHOCTH Gombe XOPOWO OGyYeHHEIX H BOOPyXKeHHHIX Ousu3nh. OnHako omnacHoctb, yrpoxkaiwllad 0xKHOMY qpaanry, a cnegopatenbHo Tpancuuctpun u Beccapa6un, ZouKHa 6bITb AHKBHAHpOBaHa cei4¥ac Ke». Tutnep mpocua Takxe «o GecnpenaTcTBeHHOM H He- OrpaHH¥eHHOM KaKHMH-1H60 © cbopMasIbHO-lopHAHueCKHMH HAH XO3AACTBEHHBIMH COO6paxeHHAMH> HCNOAb30BaHHH «TpaHcHHcTpHH» B KauyecTBe THIOBorO pationa IOxHoA apMelickow rpynnt 4 apMeficko& rpynnit «A». Ox mpamMo yka3aa: «O konnuectBe Bolick, 3amacax ckoTa H Mposo- BObCTBHA B TpaHCHHCTpHH, a TakKxKe O peryHpOBaHHH MAaTH H3 MOJHTHYeCKHX H XO3AHCTBEHHEIX coo6paxeHuii He MOXeT ObITh H peyH, HOO HacTaq peulalomlHi MoMeHT, Korga Mbl BCEMH CHJaMH JOU%KHBI OGecneyHTh HalllHM comgatam Gopp6y co cTomiulHM y BopoT B PyMBIHHIO Mmpo- THBHHKOM», Oco6bli akWeHT B MHCbMe Jenasca «Ha He- OGXOMHMOCTh MpefOcTaBHTb B pacnopAxKeHHe HeMeLLKHX BaacTeH >kenesHOgopomHylo ceTh TpaHcuucTpHuy'ss, Turaep, Kotopsii B 1941—1942 rr. taepaua, uTo Bce TeppHTopHanbuble BOMpoch GyAyT peulaTbcA nocae noGe- AOHOCHOTO OKOHYAHHA BOMHE, NpOABH BApyr wempocTb B oTHOWeHHH PymuinnH. B WHTHpyeMOM MIHCbMe OH MOd- uepkHBaa: «Bce 9TH M@PONPHATHA HMeWWT LeTbIO B KOE KOHWOB COxXpaHeHHe TpancuucTpHu 3a Pympiuneli...»!59 Ho Autonecky He oTpearupoBan Ha 3TOT xeCT ciopepa. B Byxapecte npekpacno noHHMadH, YTO peuleHHe Bompoca O MpHHagnexkHOCTH Tak Ha3biBaeMoi «TpaHCHHCTpHH» yxe He 3aBucuT ot T'utsepa. H c orsetom Ha ero TpeGoBaHHa KOHAYK3TOp He cTal ToponuTeca. B AaHHBI MOMeHT G6osb- we Bcero OH GoaacA NoBTOpeHHa CTaHHIpagcKon KaTa- 158 Hiopueprcxi mpouec..., T. 2, ¢. 718, 719. 189 Tam ke. 118 ctpoel. B nucbMe oT 28 oxtTa6pa 1943 r., nepeqaHHoM Tutaepy vepe3 renepana Tanzena, HW. Antonecky, yka3aB Ha TO, YTO OMepaTHBHHe MaHH, coriacoBaHHble B xoze setpey 3 uw 4 centaGpa 1943 r., cbakTHYeCKH NpoBaHAHCb, MpOCHA MpHHATS CpOyHBle MepbI Daa cnaceHHA PyMHHCKHX ausu3ni B Kpsimy. «OtcytcTaHe pe3eppos, — roBopHsocb B MHCbMe, — jaCT BO3MOXKHOCTh MPOTHBHHKy yepe3 1Ba- TPH AHA MponHkuyTb B Kpwim. Sto Gei10 Ge KaTacTpo- (pow... TO MpHBezeT K TaKHM 2%Ke NOTeps#M, KaKHe GpblaH tog Cranurpatom Hu, 470 ocoGeHHo cTpallHo, nocTaBHT Nog yrpo3y nomoxenHe Pymbinun, H6o kK notepe 18 aHBH- 3nHi 3uMo10 1942 r. wa Tony n Kaska3ze npu6aputca nou- Had yTpata elle MeBaATH ee CaMBIX OTOOPHBIX QHBH3HA, KOTOPHIMH OHa pacnomaraet»!©, Orsetuoe nucbMo Tan3ena ot 29 oxta6pa 1943 r. HH- uero YTeWWHTeTbHOrO AA pyMBIHCKOH MpaBauleH BepxyLIKH He cofepxano, Tutaeposubt He co6upanuch yXOuTb H3 Kpuima!®!, um Hato Obln0 yJepxkaTb ero Kak MaiapM JIA HaHeCeHHA yRapa Mo COBeTCKHM BOlicKaM, BILE AUHM x J\Henpy, copeTCKHM MOpCKHM KOMMYyHHKallHaM Ha Uep- HOM Mope, a TaKxKe HedTenpombicaam KasBka3a H MpoMbILI- JleHHBIM patoHam tora Yxpanuel. Hakoveu, KpHMCKHit TlawapM paccMaTpHBasca NpaBHTemaMH pelixa H Kak BaxkHoe cpefcTBo aBleHHA Ha Typunio, PymblnHio Boarapuio!®, Toro, yero Gonbule Bcero 6osmacb Torga dawuctcKan Mpapaulad Bepxyuika PyMblHHH, H36e%KaTb He yfatocb. 31 oxta6pa 1943 r. copeTcKHe BOOpyxKeHHHe CHIL HayaJH ocymectBeHHe KepyencKo-QbTHHreHcKoH = WecaHTHO onepalHv, B pe3ybTaTe KOTOpoH Obl co3qaH MallapM B paiione Kepyu, a B Hayate HoaOpa, Mpeoforepan ynop- HO€ CONPOTHBAeHHE THTMEpOBLeB, COBETCKHE BOHHEI BHI k Tlepexonckomy nepewefky 1 3aXBaTHIH MausapM Ha woxKHOM Gepery Cusauia'®’, GauctcKHe coeqHHeHHA B Kpbimy, B TOM YHCTe CeMb PYMBIHCKHX MHBH3HHA H pay ‘0 HA, . Mukpopiasmu pymuticKix aoxymentos. Dosar: Schimb de scrisori cu Misiunea militara germana. ‘81 99 oxta6pa 1943 r. Tutaep wana mpiKa3, B KOTOpOM 6110 cka3aHo: «Creayet coxpanitb cea3b c Kpiimom yepe3 [epekoncknii_ne- peueex». Cm.: «CopepulenHo cexpetHo! Toabko 418 KOMaHJOBaHHA!» c, 529. 182 Yctopua sropofi Muposof soins 1939-1945 rr, 7. 7, c, 232, 233. 163 Tam xe, c. 269. 119 OTAeMbHEIX OaTabOHOB, OblIH OAOKHPOBaHBI C CyWIH H H30MHPOBaHbI OT OCTAJIbHBIX CH. BepMaxTa. PymbiHckoe KOMaHJOBaHHe BHOBb 3a6H10 TpeBory. 2 Hon6pa 1943 r. HavanbHUK pyMBIHCKoro reHuITaGa Ha- mpaBHa MHcbMo reHepany Tansey c yOenuTenbHon mpocs- 6of MpHHATh TaKHe CpoOuHBle Mepbl MO cMaceHHIO pyMBIH- CKHX QHBH3HH, MocnegcTBHA KOTOpBIX 6b «OLLYTHMHCb MaKCHMYM B TeyeHHe AByx gHei». Llltepaa nucan, yTo «A PYMBIHCKOM apMHH CO3qaeTCA yrpoxaioulee Nos0xe- Hue B Cayyae NoTepH Bofick B Kppimy — mocneqHux yle- ‘leBUIHX COeQHHeHHI H3 4HC1a cpaxkaBlHxca B Poccun MpoOTHB 6o7bUeBHKOB BMecTe c BOlicKaMH BesHKOrO peli- xa». HadaabHuK pyMBIHCKOro renulTa6a HacTaHBas Ha TOM, 4TOGbI 10 NPHHATHA Mep No BeOOKHPOBaHHIO «B pacnops- 2KeHHe Bolick B Kptimy noctynusu Bce JeiicTBeHHbe cpel- cTBa Gopb6l c TaHKaMH MpoTHBHHKa...» Ox o6paulan TaK- 2Ke BHHMAHHe Ha TO, 4TO «. MukpoduabMbt pyMblHCKHX oKyMeHToB. Dosar: Schimb de scrisori cu Misiunea militaré germand. 15 Tam Ke. 120 NO HX e6A0KHpoBaHHIO H O06 O%KHMaeMBIX MOcaemCTBHAX. Tosabko 3a HECKOAbKO QHef HoAGpa 1943 r. nomNTynpaBae- nue 4-ro YkpaHHcKoro @pouTa BBINYCTHIO c WelbIO pac- NpoctpaHeHuA B PyMBIHCKHX BOMCKaX CeMb JIHCTOBOK THpaxom 850 Thc. 93K3eMMApoB, a nojNToTZen 51-A apMHH* — MAT AHCTOBOK THpaxom 105 Thic. 9k3eMMApoB, TPH H3 KOTOPHIX ObIIH COCTaBJeHB! PyMBHCKHMH OdHue- paMH-BOeHHOMeHHEIMH!®, B tTaxkesefiliem MomoxKeHHH OKa3aqHCb 4-8 H 24-8 py- MbIHCKHE MeXOTHHI€ JHBH3HH, CpaxKaBlivecd B coctaBe 6-1 HeMeUKOH apMHH Ha HHKHeM JInenpe. [loa yaapamu Kpachoi Apmuu onn 6blnH pasrpoMseHbl. Muorve conza- Thl H O*HUepH CAANHCh B MeH, GOMbUIHHCTBO %Ke cCTapa- , KOTOpble HyKHH Oblin chawuctckoh PymMbHHH AA Mpo- AQA%KCHHA MACCOBLIX BHBO3OB MaTePHaIbHLIX weHHocTeli H BO3MeLEHHA 3a CHET 3TOFO OFPOMHHX 3aTpaT Ha Boiiny. Vi. Antouecky we mpemunya ewe pa3 Hanomuutb Tutaepy, uto c 1941 r. Pymbinua 3atTpaTHaa Ha Botny 300 mapa. lees, 4TO 3a 9TOT NepHon Tepmannu Gpin0 oTnyuleHo 6o- nee 8 MAH. T He@TH, HECMOTpA Ha yrposy ee HallHOHamb- HbIM 3aMacaM H CaMHM 3aylexKaM, a JOACKHe MoTepH co- cTaBAAIOT ye cBbue 250 Thc. norH6wHx B Gor! Kowgykatop He cryuian Kpacku. Pamuctckaa PyMBHHA cToAia Ha Nopore BOeHHO-NOAHTHYeCKOrO H 9KOHOMHYe- ckoro Kpaxa. Cnycta roq mocae pa3srpoma ua Jlony u nog CtannurpatomM HoBaa KatTactpoda, Ha cei pa3 3Ha- yHTenbHo 61H%Ke K paHHlaM cTpaHb, mogcteperana PyMbIHcKyio apmmo B Kpsimy. He 6bim0 Hagexa, 4TO 3a- Tleptbe Ha NomyocTpoBe pyMBIHCKHe 4YacTH H COeqHHEHHA GyyT OTYaAHHO CpaxaTbCA MpOTHB COBeTCKHX BOMick. Kak oTMeyanocb B «Onucanun Kppimckoit onepalune, co- cTaBeHHOM uITa6om 4-ro YkKpaHHckoro «porta, «cpequ PYMBIHCKHX COMMaT 3HAYHTeEMbHAA YaCTb MOHHMaNa Ge3Ha- R@KHOCTD H GeccMbICNeHHOCTh HX Gopb6H 3a HHTepech TepManun 4 2KH1a MBICIAMH 0 TOM, Kak CKopee BepHyTBCA oMoli B PyMblHitio»!69, Tutaeposutt npogomkasH c HeqoOBepHeM H_HeNpHASHbIO OTHOCHTbCA K CBOeMy MJagqulemy naptHepy. Onacaacb ne- pexoqa PyMBIHCKHX comgaT Ha cTopony KpacHoi Apmun, KoMaHOBaHHe 17-% HeMelKOH APMHH OTBOAHIO pyMBH- CKHM 4YacT#M, Tak %e KaK B CBoe BpeMa Ha CeBepHoM 168 HiopxGeprexuit npouecc..., 7. 2, c. 504, 505. He >xeaaa p co3qasulefica TAKeNOH CHTYaLHH Ha poHTe OGoCTpAT OTHOWeHA C PYMBHCKHM colo3HIKOM, Tutsep Bo BpeMa neperosopos co LUlredaeii 22 non6pa 1943 r. aan cormaciie BpeMeHHO OCTaBHTb B BeneHH py- MBHCKOA aAMHHHCTpauHH 2KeTesHbIe Qoporn «TpaHcHHcTpHu». PyMbiH- ckKaa CTOpoHa O6A3anacb OKa3aTb coselicTaNe iTepoBuaM B OT- npaske B Tepmaniio HarpaGneHHHX B HeMeuKOM 30He OKKYnaUiH Ykpantt MawHH, cKoTa, Xne6a HM ApyrHx weHHOcTei, BpeMeHHO NpH- JOTHTh YTOHAeMUA oTTyZa cKoT. Hemub oGeulaqi yactb Harpa6.eH- HOFO OTMaTb CBOHM COW3HHKaM M0 pa36o0. 168 ILA MO CCCP, ¢. 244, on. 2980, 4. 171, 2. 64. 122 . Kaska3e, y¥acTKH @pouTa, pacnovloxKeHHble MexKAy HeMell- KHMH JHBH3HAMH!7°, B cpoio ovepedb PyMBIHCKHe CO/aTHI, Kak MOM¥epKHBatOch B AOKMaHOM 3anucke NosMTOTZeE1a 51-4 apMHH, «keHe H ponutenam: «Mexiy HaMH MH pyCCKHMH paccTOAHHe He Gonee vem 50 Metpos. Kaan Beyep o6cTperuBaiwT OHH ceo, H BpAX 1M KTO-1H60 ocTaHeTcA B 2KHBBIX. B MoeM OTAeNeHHH TObKO YeTHIPe YeTOBeKa, OCTabHe paHeHbt iin y6uTh. S| we 3Halo, yaacTCA AM MHe CNaCTH XKH3Hb, H Mo3TOMy Npowy Te6a, Aoporaa x%eHa, Mo3sa6oTHTBCA O MOHX CTapbIxX poguTenax», PymbinckHi comgat Crtany ca cBoeMy oTUy, NpoxHBaBuemy Bc. Byyymennt Hap- osckoro ye3qa: «Het y Hac apyroro BbIxoga, Kpome Uepxoro mopa. Tlocmotpum, uto G6ymeT c HaMH, Kak On He MoayyHocb TO xe, 4TO GEO B Npolliom rozy nox Cranuurpazom»!?2, AHTHBOeHHBIe H aHTHallHcTcKHe HacTpoeHHa GpH ocoGeHHO pa3BHTH cpegu congat-Geccapa6ues Hu 6yKOBHH- WUeB, HACHABCTBEHHO MOGH1H30BaHHBIX B PYMBIHCKy!O ap- MHiO H OTMpaBneHHBx B Kpsim B KayecTBe myilledHoro msaca. Cam WM. Antonecky Ha 3aceqaHHH mpaBHTenbcTBa 16 Hos6pa 1943 r. npH3Haa, yto Geccapa6ubl «He XOTAT BOeBaTb», «TATOTeIOT K KpacHbIM»'73, OnHaKko, YTOOH BOC- NOJHHTb OfpOMHHe MoTepH cBoe# apMHH H B TO 2Ke BpeMA BHINOAHHTh Tpe6opanua Tutnepa o nocbiiKe HOBLIX KOH- THHTeHTOB BOficK Ha BocTouHwi pout, pyMBIHCKHe mMpa- BHTeH OTNpaBHaH B KpHM 4YaCTb MOOHH30BaHHLIX Gec- capa6ues H OyKOBHHUeB, Nomaras, YTO TaM, OKpy2XHB co BCeX CTOPOH THTAepOBCKHMH BOMCKaMH, HX 3aCTaBAT BOe- BaTb. 70 Tam xe, on. 3000, a. 455, a. 34. 171 Tam 2ke, on. 2980, a. 148, 1. 646. 2 Tam xe, a. 171, 1. 64, 64 06. "3 LITA MCCP, @. 706. on. 1, 1. 590, a. 51. 123 Nosutoprant Kpacuoi Apmuu B cBoei pa6ote cpeau BOHCK MPOTHBHHKa YYHTHIBAIH HaH4He B COCTaBe PyMBIH- CKHX yacTei commaT — ypoxkenues Beccapa6un u Cepep- Hoi BykopuHnl. C pacuetom Ha HX CTaqH BbINycKaTbCa cMeWHaJIbHble JIHCTOBKH, B OmHOH H3 KOTOPHIX — «Bpatpa- Geccapa6ubl» — roBopHi0cb 0 TOM, To Kpacuan Apmua npu6anxaetca k Beccapa6un 4 cKopo ocBoGoguT ee. Connati-Geccapa6ubl NpH3bBaTHCh NepexOAHTb Ha CTOpO- uy Kpacnoi Apmuu 1 copetcKknx naptu3an'”*, Kak oTMe- yaeTCA B QOKMAMHOH 3aMHcKe MowHTOTAeENa 51-H apMHu ot 6 suBapa 1944 r., «no eAMHOrMacHoMy yTBep»ZeHHIO M1eHHBIX PYMBIH, Geccapa6ubl He XOTAT BOeBaTb, NONyOT- KpbITO FOBOpAT O HeOGXOAHMOCTH cKopee CfaBaTbCa B T1€H H OTKPHITO 3aABJIAIOT, HTO MpH PyCCKHX HM 2KHJIOCb alyuule, 4¥eM MIpH PYMBIHaX: Bcero GEO BOBO — mpo- AykToB H MpoMToBaposB, a Tenepb MBI B Beccapa6uun ro- slogaem»!75, TIneHHble MpHBOAHAH caKTHl oO Mepexose co.1- Mat-Geccapa6ues Ha CTOpoHy copeTcKHX mapTH3aH. Tak, 43 l-ro Gatanbona 33-ro nexoTHoro noaKa 10-% nexoTHOn AWBH3HH K KPHMCKHM MapTH3aHaM Mepellio CeMb CO/MaT- 6eccapa6ues!”, Oco6eHHo pe3ko CTalo yXyQWaTbCA MOPa/IbHOe COCcTOA- HWe PyYMBIHCKHX YacTeH Mocle MHKBHAAWHH B ceBpale 1944 r, nnauapMoB HeMellKo-cballlHcTCKHX BOHCK B palio- uax Hukonoaa u Kpusoro Pora. Sto nHWHAO KpBIMCKyI0 TpynnupoBky BCAKHX Hagex BEIPBaTbCA H3 O10KaLbI nyTeM BCTpeyHHIX yAapos. 22 despana 1944 r. apMefickne KOHTppa3BeAbBaTeMbHHe Oprah JOHOCHAH H3 CHMiepo- nona B Byxapect: «Mopanbuoe cocToaHHe pyMbIHCKHX BoicK MpogommKaeT Nagatb. BooGule cuntTaeTca, 4ToO py- MBIHCKHe BOMCKa OTHECeHBI K CTaTbe «TI pu6niap H yOnlb», HHBIMH C/IOBaMH, CNHCaHbI»!77, Kak # mocae pa3srpoma nog CTanuHrpagtom u Ha Kas- Ka3e, 2OHeceHHa CurypaHun u CCH xonua 1943 — naua- sia 1944 r. H306H0BanH chakTaMH O pocTe aHTHBOeHHHIX, AHTHauIHCTCKHX H MOparkeH¥ecKHX HaCTPOeHHAA B PyMBIH- ckoi apMuu. Ha Bok3amax, B noe3qax H B ApyrHx oOue- CTBEHHBIX MeCTaX MpHObBalolHe Cc poHTa comfaTH '# IA MO CCCP, @. 244, on. 2980, a. 162, a. 20. 5 Tam xe, 1. 4 06. 1% Tan Ke, 1.19, 7 ITA MCCP, . MukpodiabMer pyMblHcKHX JOoKyMeHTos. Nota. 22 Februarie 1944. 124 paccKa3bBaqH o Pa3srpoMe PyMBIHCKHX JHBH3HA Ha Ta- MaHCKOM MovlyoctpoBe H B HH30BbAX J[nenpa!’’, npHBogH- 1H BCe HOBHIe MpHMepHl H3ZeBaTeNBCTB rHTNepoBueB Ha PYMBIHCKHMH COMMaTaMH, TPpOMOraCHO OGBABAAAH 10%KHOK MIpaBHTeAbCTBEHHYIO BepciiO O BOsBpawleHHH PyMBIHHH 3a ee yuacTHe B aHTHCOBeTCKOH BoliHe oTTOprHyToH TpaH- CHIbBaHHH!”?, 3aqBAAIH, YTO «NONOKeHHeE Ha pouTe 6e3- HagexHoe>, «BOHa MpOHrpava», «pasrpoM PyMBIHCKHX H HeEMeHKHX BOfcK H NoGefa cOBeTCKHX apMHit HEMHHye- MbI»!80, HeyausuterbHo, 4TO DesepTHpcTBO, HeCMOTpA Ha BCe Gonee cypopble Mepbl Haka3aHHA, MpHMeHAeMBle K Hapy- WHTeAM BOHHCKOM AHCUHIIHHE, HHCKOAbKO He yMeHb- wusocb. B 1943 r. BOeHHO-NoneBLIMH CyaMH ObIIO OcyxK- WeHO 3a pa3HYHble HapyWeHHA BOHHCKoro yctaBa 41 827 coufaT H OHuepoB, B TOM 4HCNe Gonee 23 THC. — 3a MesepTupctso'8!, tT. e. CTOMBKO Ke, CKONbKO B 1942 r., XOTA, KaK YE OTMe4aNOCb, YHCACHHOCTh PYMBIHCKOM ap- MHH Mocte Craquurpaga coKpaTHaace. Hexotopble anTHamuctckH HacTpOeHHHe pyMbIHcKHe commaTh, HaXOAHBUWHeCA CpeQH OKKYMaWHOHHHIX BOiicK, MepexoqHH Ha CTOPOHy COBeTCKHX MapTH3aH H BOeBasH BMecTe c HHMH. Io gameKO He MOAHBIM JaHHBIM, B MapTH- 3aHCKHX OTpazax Kameney-logonpcxo#, BunHayKon, Kuesckoi # Apyrux o6nactei [Ipaso6epexuoi Yxpanubt cpakanuch 23 pyMblHa. Tpynme pyMblHCKHxX mapTH3aH OH co3faHbI B CoemHHeHHAX A. ®. Denopora, M. HM. Hay- MOBa, B MapTH3aHCKHXx OTpAgax 3akapnatpa!®2, VYntepecuble daktb 06 yuacTHH pyMBIH B MapTH3aHCkKOM aeuxenin B Kpbimy MpHBOAAT B CBOHX KHHTaX H BOCTIO- 8 Tam xe, o. 680, on. 1, a. 4615, a. 1 1 06; a. 4611, “1. 127 06, 79 Tam owe, a. 4656, 1. 116; a. 4611, 1. 127 06.; 2. 4596, a. 243; A. 4703, a. 258. 1 Tam 2ke, a. 4592, a. 248; 1. 4596, 1. 240. 181 Olteanu C., Ceausescu I., Mocanu V. Op. cit. p. 195. 182 Yxpanucxaa CCP sp Bennxoi Orevectsennof Bofve Copet- cxoro Cow3a 1941—1945 rr., t. 3. Kues, 1975, c. 124. Tonpo6nee cm.: Weeyenxo ®. IT. OG yuacTHH pyMBIH B MapTH3aHCKOM ,.BHXKeHHH Ha YxpanHe B roa Beankoh OreyectsenHo sofnnt ConetcKoro Cow- 3a, — B c6: O pyMblHO-pyccKHx H PpyMBIHO-copeTcKHx cBA3AX. M., 1960. 125 muuanuax MH. Bepracos, E. Wamko, M. Makegouckuii!® H Op. 3a repou3mM B GoAxX MpOTHB @auincTCKHX 3aXxBaTUH- KOB MHOrHe PYMBIHH Ob Harpaxksenbhl Meganpwo <«Ilap- Tu3aHy OtevecTBeHHow BOMHbI>, cpeqH HHx Muxann Mu- xaiinecky, Teopre Jlasapp, Anocton Toma, Teopre Map- tHHecky, Hukonai Kom6opu u ap.!8 Bonputoe sHayeHne 218 pasBuTHa ocBoGoguTenbHOA H aHTHpawuctckoh Gopp6b pyMbIHcKOrO Hapowa uMela BTOpad KOHepeHUHA NpeAcTaBuTeeH BOCHHONeHHBIX py- MBIH, MpopeseHHan c paspewenna CopetcKoro npaBuTesb- ctpa B KpacHoropcke B MepsBbix 4Hcnax cexTa6pa 1943 r. Ha koudepenunn npucytctBoBano 2 TEc. yenoBex. Bria NpHHATa mporpamMa Gopb6nl, npexycMaTpuBaloulad BEIXOL PympiuH 43 BOMHE, CBepxKeHHe AHKTaTyphl AHTOHeCKy, H3rHaHHe THTMepOBLeB H3 CTpaHbl, yCTaHOBeHHe DeMOKpa- THYeCKOrO pexkHMa H ApyxG6nI c CCCP. 16 centaGpa 1943 r. COCTOAOCh COBelaHHe NpemcTaBuTenel Bcex arepeH Jaa PYMBIHCKHX BOeCHHOMTeHHEIX, Tae Gbl0 pelleHo OGpaTHTEcAa Kk CopeTcKoMy mpaButenpcTBy c npocb6of co3fqaTb Ha Tepputopuu CCCP pyMbinckHe o6poBombyeckHe 4acTH AA yuacTHA B BOiHe NPOTHB ruTMepoBcKoH KoannunH!®, 4 oxta6pa 1943 r. Tocyazapctsenupit Komutet OGopo- Hb CCCP npxuaa noctaHoBseHHe o copmuposannn 1-4 PYMBIHCKOH O6poBonbyecKoOH QHBH3HH, Ha3BaHHOM BMo- caeacTBHH HMeHem Tygopa Baanumupecky. Ona co3qaBa- ach B Ceneukux narepax 1A BOeCHHONMEHHEIX, HelaneKo ot Pasanu. B Teyenne tpex gue Gpin0 nogaHo 12 Tic. 3anpneHni. OJHHMH H3 NepBHIX B AOGpoBOmbYecKy!O DHBH- 3H10 BCTYNHIH pYMBIHCKHe 9MHIpaHTH-aHTHpalHCTB! H cpeau Hux KoMMyHHcTHI: IT. Bopuas, J. Merpecky, F. Croi- ka, M. Bypka, C. Iesuenko, C. Myutan, M. Jlyury ap. BoapuiwcTso H3 HUX B CBOe BpeMA CpaxKaHCb B COCTaBe HHTepHauHOHaTbHoH Gpuragh sp WUcnanun. CopertcKoe KOMaHJOBaHHe BbIJeHO 1A opMupoBaBelica DHBH3HH BOopykeHHe, OOMYHAMpoBaHHe H MHTaHHe no JelicTByWw- mum Bp Cosetckoi Apmun HopMam. Bosbuiaa momoulb "3 Bepeacoe H. B secax Taspun. 3annckw naptisana. Kues, 1964, c. 234, 292, 293 u ap.; Wanxo E. H. Maptusanckoe apyxenne B Kpsimy sp 1941—1944 rr. Cumeponoa, 1959, c. 83; Maxedon- cxud M. Tinama nan Kptimom, 3a. 3-e. Cumdepononp, 1969, c. 63— 65 4 ap. 1 HTonecky-Myyypo H. u Op. PyMbinua Bo sTopoi Muposoil sofine. Byxapect, 1964, c. 99. 185 Antocax A. B. B 6onx 3a cpo6oay Pympni. M., 1974, c.51. 126 Oblla OKa3aHa AMBH3HH B NOAGope Kaspos, H3LaHHH ra3e- Thi, O6yYeHHH AHYHOTO CocTaBa, B TOM 4HCAe Yepe3 ABYX- Meca4uHble Kypcbl mp Ps3aHcKOM BOeHHO-NeXOTHOM y4H- auue!®, AKTHBHO pa6oTaqH B AHBH3HH MpHKOMaHAMpoBaH- Hble MAA OKa3aHHA ef cogelicTBHA coBeTCKHe Oduuepb VM. H. Antocak, A. M. Jlazapes, A. 3. Mataw, H. H. Po- maHeHKo, JI. HW. Capatosckui, H. 5B. Tanacescxnii, A. C. UeGanenko x ap. CneayeT oTMeTHTb, ¥TO coOLITHA nog CTannHrpagtom oTpesBialoule NoseficTBOBaTH H Ha YaCTb CTapuHX oH- uepoB H axe [eHepanoB, HaXOJHBIIHXCA B COBeTCKOM ney, KOTOpble JO 3TOrO aKTHBHO y¥aCTBOBaJH B aHTHCO- BeTcKOH pofve. TlonkopHukK Busbrenbm Ayam, O2HH 3 Heatenei apuxenua «Cpo6oguan Tepmanus», scnomHnaa O AHAX npe6bipaHHA B Jarepe ANA BOeHHONeHHEIX Boli- koBO, nHWweT: «Mb nodJepxkuBatH O4eHb TeCHble OTHOUIe- HHA C PYMBIHCKHMH reHepanamu. OHH MpHXODHAH K HaM B KOMHaTy, TyJIaaH BMeCTe C HaMH, BCerfa Apy2KeckH Hac npupetcTBopanH, Ow HeHxapugenn Tutnepa u ero Kanky, KoTopble NpHHecaM HM H HX Hapody Tak MHOrO cTpafaHHit 4 rops. Mp 4acto GecefopanH Ha HeMeuKOM HH dpaH- Uy3CKOM A3bIKe 0 OyAyUHx 3aqayax OGouX HallHXx Hapo- oB»!87, TlognoakosHux H. KamO6pa, 6pipmuit HayanbHHK wITa- 6a 5-H pyMBIHCKOM AHBH3HH, BOSTaBH. QHBHSHIO HMeHH Tynopa Baagumupecky, a renepan M. Jlackap, O6niBUIHA KOMaHAYOWHA OHOH M3 OKPy>XeHHBIX TpynNHpoBoK py- MBIHCKHX BOlicK B paiione PacnonuHcKol, — 2-10 ,o6po- BOJbYeCKYIO PYMBIHCKYIO JHBH3HI0 HMeHH Xopuu, KaowKu u Kpnuana. Hexotopbie obuuepht-antu@auucth BhlesKatH B cocTaBe NponaraHAHCTCKHX rpynn Ha pout, rae nocper- CTBOM JIHCTOBOK, BO33BaHHii, pyNOpHBIX mMepefay BeH PasbacHuTenbHylo paOoty cpeqH PyMBIHCKHX Bolick. Tak, NoAnonkosuuk H. Kam6ps, no6bipap B paiione AuCnOKa- unu 4-H PyMBIHCKOH ropHocTpenKoBOi AHBH3HH, Hanucan ‘IMCTOBKy-O6palleHue K cBoeMy OGbIBUIeMy YyYHTem10 NO BoeHHOH wkKone B Jlopoxoe, KOMaHAMpy 9TOH JHBH3HH Tenepany Uype, yOexmaa ero «npekpaTHTb MpHHOCHTb B 2KepTBy PYMBIHCKHX COJaT BO HMA NpourpaHHoh BolHED. «Bh He Mpeqagute H He OGecuecTHTe ce6s, — mucan 1% Tam xe, c. 52—54. 7 Adam B. Tpynube pewenna. M., 1972, c. 458, Tlepesoa c HeMeuKoro. 127 Kam6pa, — a HaoGopot, ocTaHeTecb BepHBIM HCTHHHBIM uHTepecaM Hapoga. AnToHecKy, Kak u Myccoauun, yazer. Takwe, Kak AHToHeCKy, MpHxXomAT HW YXONAT, a CTpaHa octaeTca H OCTaHeTCA HaBeKH, efi Mbl OCTaeMCA BepHBIMH H cerogqua. Mbl He XOTHM TeNepb mopaxkeHuA BMecTe C HemMuaMH. UtToObl 3aBoeBaTbh JOBePHe BEAHKHX COIO3HBIX Hepab, pau 3aBTpauiwero MHpa HYKHO MpeKpaTHTb Bofiny cerogua»!88, TlokyMentbl KapaTebHEIX OpraHoB H CeKpeTHBIX CyKO BOeHHO-auncTcKo PyMBIHHH CBHJeTembCTBYIOT © BCe PacTylleM B aPMHH HEJOBONCTBE AHKTATOPCKHM pexKHMOM AuToHecKy, BCeM OOUIeCTBeEHHBIM H rocyJapCTBeHHBIM cTpoeM cTpaHH. 26 espana 1944 r. apMeiickan KouTp- pa3peaka goHocHa u3 Kppima: «Oguueps Hu comaTH Kpafive HeQOBO/bHEI H Sombie He BepAT COBaM Mapwiana (HM. Antonecky.— H. JI.)»'®, Tlo coo6ureHuaM cHrypaHun, coagqaTb B pasropopax o6sHuAwH HM. AntoHecKy B TOM, ¥TO «H3-3a Hefo OHH HampacHo Noru6aloT Ha pouTe», YTO OH rayx K Gefam pAOBHX conmaT H axe OGbABHA Yepes NevaTb O 3anpeulenHn O6pallaTbcA c %aoGaMH Heno- cpegctBenHo kK Hemy!%, Hexotopbie npeqcka3iBatH, YTO «ckopo B PyMBIHHH MpoH30AgzeT To Ke, uTO B Ataann>!®!, T. e. (bauluctcKaa QuKTaTypa OyzeT cBepruyta. ComgaTH KJleHMH1H MOMeULHKOB H KaNHTaNHcToB, KOTOpHe HaxKHBa- AWCb Ha BOHHe, B TO BpeMA Kak OegHAKH MorHGanH Ha poute, OHH BepHH, TO YaC BO3Me32HA CKOPO HacTyNHT. Congat [. Banan, qonocuau uujehKu cHrypanubl, ny6- muuHo 3asBun 10 oxtaGpa 1943 r., ¥To congaTH «rHOnH Panu oGoraulenua Soap, OTCHKHBAaIOWHXCA B CBOHX JO- Max», H BIpasH HasexKay, YTO «cKOpo cnpaBeANHBOCTS BOCTOpxKectTByeT AIA GemHOro MOMa, cTpagaioulero cehyac OT HeB3rog, H MpecreqopanHit»'®?, «STH BLICKa3bIBaHHA, — cka3aHO B O2HOM H3 JOHeCeHHA cHrypaHUub, — BbIenxKa- HbI B AYXe HCTHHHOTO BO3MYULeHHA H AONOAHAIOTCA Mopa- 2KeHYeCKHMH CyXaMH H conoctaBleHHaMu»!%, Peqh nmeT © COMOCTaBeHHH PYMBIHCKHMH COaTaMH NoOsO%KeHHA PYMBIHCKOrO H COBeTCKOrO HaposoB. 8 IIA MO CCCP, @. 371, on. 6386, a. 115, a. 180. 18 LITA MCCP, @. MukpoHabMil pyMBIHCKHX JoKyMeHTos. Nota. 26 Februarie 1944. 1 Tam xe, c. 680, on. 1, 2. 4596, 1, 243. 191 Tam xe, 2. 4611, 1. 128. 12 Tam xe, a. 127. 1 Tam xe, 1. 4704, 1. 258. 128 TlonoxkutTenbHble BHICKa3HBaHHA PYMBIHCKHX COAT O COUHaNHCTHYeCKOM CTpoe Goubllle BCefO BOAHOBaH BOeH- HO-pallHCTCKHX MpaBHTenei. B Konue 1943 — nayane 1944 r. uHCNO TaKHX BHICKa3HBaHHit, KaK ABCTBYeT H3 TeX 2ke MOHeCeHHA CHTypaHUH, 3aMeTHO Bo3pocso!™, He cay- uyahno 15 gesppana 1944 r. Tenepanbuaa aupekuna nosn- UHH pasociata UMpKylap c Tpe6oBaHHem pacclenoBaTb NoOGHLIe PakTh H JONOKHTb O pesybTaTax. B HeM TOBOPHM0Cb, YTO JOH B M0e3faX «»!95, Hekotopble comfaTH He CKPbiBatH, YTO cBoe H3GaBe- HHe oT Gyp»kya3HO-MOMellMubero ‘THeTa H H3eBaTeNbCTB PeakWHOHHOTO oulepcTBa OHH CBASHIBAaIOT Co BCTYNeHH- em Kpacuoi ApmMuu Ha TeppHtopHio Pymbinun. Congat VM. Hukonay u3 1-H cMewaHHoH MBH3HH paccKa3blBa MpHcyTcTByIOULHM MaccaxKupaM O CBOeM MpeOBaHHH Ha (poute uv, DOKa3sbBaA, YTO «GoNbIeBHCTCKHA peoKHM BO- Bce He TaKOM, KaK O HeM TOBOPHAH», 3aKMIOUHT: «...eCaH GombuleBHKH 3aiiMyT PyMBIHCKylO CTpaHy, MomoxKeHHe Tpy- Hosoro sofa yayyuutca H Goape, KOoTOpble cerogHa KoMaHAywT, G6yzyT 3a Bce B oTBeTe»!®. B stom 2Ke MOHe- CeHHH CHIypaHUb NpHBOAATCA Cnopa Kanpana HW. Backa u3 7-ro erepcKoro noKa, 3aaBuBUerO: «...ecaH, Gor act, pyccKHe cKOpo MpHAyT, yBHAHM, ¥TO CKaxKyT Torga obu- wep H YHTep-ouuepH, KOTOPble TOKO H YMelOT H3je- BaTbCA Ha CONMaTaMH». STH BHICKa3HIBaHHA TOBOPHAH oO pe3KOM NoseBeHHH CommaTCKHX Macc. B caMoi PyMpinun nocneaHHe Mecaunt 1943 r. w Haya- vio 1944 r. mpowinH nog 3HaKOM pactyulero conpoTuBste- HHA paGoyero Knacca H BCexX TpyAauuxca PyMuHHH nomH- THKe BOHHbI H KaCcoBOM 3kKcIyaTauHH. TombKo 3a MecALl, c 15 oxta6pa no 15 nos6psa 1943 r., npousowau BEIcTyn- ‘leHHa paGounx B 23 NpOMBIUIIeHHHIX WeHTpax HW Ha page 2KEMEZHOLOPORHNX y30B. 16 OKTAOpA BCNEIXHYH BOWHe- 1% Tam xe, a. 127 06.; 0. 4596, a. 243; a. 4703, 1. 258 06.; a. 4615, a. 1. 18 Tam xe, 2. 4789, 1. 201. : 6 Tam xe, a. 4592, 1. 248. 9H. 9. Jesur 129 HHA Ha npeanpuatnax «ITnpotexuuKka», «Mkap» x «Pog- xKudep»; TpH AHA cnycTa — Ha 3aBoge «MuHgyctpHua cBIp- mui» Bp Keimnua-Typ3ui nu Ha da6puke «Byxyub»; 28 oxta6pa — Ha 3apogax Byxapecta, Cu6uy nu Ppimun- kya-CapaT; B Mocnemyoulwe NAT QHel — Ha 2%ene3HOLO- POXKHBIX y3nax OntTeHnubl u Bana ITIpaxosei, B geno Tpusuus x Bpaiiosa, xa mpexnpHaTHAX 9eKTpoKomna- HHH B SIccax, Ha 3aBoge «Actpa» B Apage; 11 Hoa6pa — Ha mpeanpuatuax «Ctaya pomblua», «Bera» nu «Konuia, Muka wu Kyaoxup»; 16 HonGpa — B TiipHapenu, 3apne- wtH, Megquaue, Ha 3aBofax «Manakca» u B XyHemoape. B xonue 1943 r. pHOBb Ha¥aHcb BOMHEHHA B WaXTepCKOM patone Bana )Kuyayii'’. 9 gexa6pa oOpaBHaH ctTauKy paGoune waxtn «Apuinua» c. AkoGenst KuimnyayurcKoro yesna'%8, p mocneaHux YHcnax oKTAGpaA 3aGacTOBanH nop- Topble pa6ouxe B Tanaye u Bpanne. Konauxt Mexay HHMH H KaNHTaHcTaMA MpofomxKasca MHOrO Mecates!%. Poco 4HcAO akTOB ca6oTaxKa B MpOMBILIeHHOCTH It Ha TpaHcnopte. B teyenve geKxa6pa 1943 — espana 1944 r. OHH HMenH MecTO Ha 3aBomax «Mawakca», «Bya- Kan», «JleoHHga», «Konkopaua» (IInoewtu), YIP (Pe- wuua)2, Ha 2%Kete3sHBIx ,oporax™!, B oxta6pe 1943 r. Ha BOeCHH3HpOBaHHoM OG6yBHOM npeal- npuatHH «MouvopHuua» Bp Byxapecte npov3owen B3pbs, 6blia yHHYTOKeHa Gonblan NapTHA o6yBH ANA apmuu. B 3TOM 2Ke MeCAUe B pesybTaTe caGoTaxKa Npousowlen Tak- oKe B3pbIB Ha daOpuKe xumuncTkH «LlIMHgT»?2, B Hon6pe 1943 r. BoeHHble BracTH JOKNagbBanH: «. B cnemyloulem Mecaile 3TOT Ke HHCNeKTOpaT CHrypaHUbl JO- KJlagbiBat: «Bonbilad yacTbh paGouwx BTAHyTa B ctepy KOMMYHHCTHYCCKHX Heil, YTO MOATBepxAaeTCA Cc KaKAbIM anemM. Pa6oune c OcOGeHHHIM BHHMAaHHeM CileAAT 3a XO- OM BOMHBI, H GOMbLIHHCTBO H3 HHX pafyeTcA si0G6omy CO6LITHIO, OCNa6umolleMy BoeHHy!O cuy pelixa. TnaBHoit TeMofi HX JHCKYCCHi ABAAeTCA BO3MOXHaA nNoGeqa KOM- MYHHCTOB, KOTOpble, CBeprHyB TenepelHHi colHanbHBA CTpof, ycTaHOBAT TocnoxcTBO pa6oyHx>?%5, AxaJorvunble coo6uleHHA MocTyNaqu TakxKe H3 Apyrux ect. Tanaukui oOnacTHO HHCNeKTOpaT MOHUHH OTMe- Yad, YTO Ha MECTHEIX CyMOBepAX «HMeIOTCA KOMMYHHCTHY, KoTopble pacnpoctpanaioT GraronpuATHue 2a CopetcKoro Cow3a H3BecTHA», YTO MHOrHe paGouHe «cHMNaTH3HpywoT KOMMYHHCTHYeCKHM HyeaM». O HacTpoeHuAax pa6ounx MecTHOro MeTasypruyecKoro 3aBofa . 30, on. 4, a. 395, 7. 368. 25 [Jut. no KH: Jlebedes H. H. Yaa. cou. c. 443. 131 NOaAHUHH 3a Zeka6pb 1943 r. ropoputca: «B cBsa3H C OT- cTyMeHHeM HeMeUKHX Bofick Ha BoctouHoM ponte pa- Gouve BLICKa3bIBanHCh B Nomb3y Cosetckoh PoccuH H axe nean necuu (pepomounonnble. — H. JI.)». Jlanee MovecevuH OTMe4aeTcA, YTO «MacTepa 3aBOMa He Nowb3y- }OTCA HHKaKHM aBTOPHTeTOM cpequH paGounx. Bugs, Ha- CKOMbKO MOCeAHHe CKNOHAIOTCA K KOMMYHH3MY, OHH BO3- epKHBaOTCA OT MPHHATHA KakHX-1H60 Mep»2%. M3 mpo- MblueHHoro rT. Bpaiiopa curypaHua coo6ulata B AHBape 1944 r., 410 pa6ouve OTKPLITO BHIpaxKaioT CBOH CHMMaTHH Kpacuoi Apmuu, KomMyHucTHyecKoh mapTHH H NOAHBI PeWIHMOCTH MOKOHYHTb C CyUIeCTBYIOUHM peKHMOM”7. Yrpo3a kpaxa Gyp»kya3Ho-noMeuluubero cTpoa B Py- MBIHHH CTaJla 3aMeTHa H HeKOTOPHIM HHOCTpaHHWIM JHNN0- mataM. B xon6pe 1943 r. cexpetapb wiBescKoro npescta- BHTebcTBa B Byxapecte H. Mowtai sBbicKa3aq MHeHHe, uTO «B cay¥ae BbIXOJa PyCCKHX BOHCK K PYMBIHCKHM TpaHHuUaM HaceneHHe MpHropofa cTONMUb, KpeCTbAHe H3 oKpectHoctel ropona H BOOOUIe BCe 02H, HeOBONDHHIE 3TOH XKH3HbIO, KOTOPy!0 OHH BO TO Obl HH CTaO KeNaiwT H3MeHHTb, B3GyHTYIOTCA, COBEplaT akTH ca6oTaxKa, NoMo- Tas TeM caMbiM pycckHM. [laHuka, KoTOpas, HeCOMHeHHO, BOSHHKHeT B CTpaHe, BHVIbeTCA B PeBOJIONHIO HapOHBIX MACC...»208 Wcxoga 43 KOHKpeTHOro aHanu3a coObTHA Ha dpoHTe, HacTpoeHHii B apMHH H cTpaHe, Komnaptua PyMbHuH npH- Ulla K BBIBOLY, YTO HMeIOTCA pearbHble NpegNochKH aa CBepxKeHHA BOeHHO-allMcTcKOM MHKTaTypst AHTOHecKy it BBIBOMa CTpaHbl H3 MpecTynHoH BOAHH: rHtTnepoBcKad apMHA Tepfena OHO Nopaxkenwe 3a ApyruM; coBeTCKHe BoMcKa CTPpeMHTetbHO MpHOAMKaaMch K rpaHHuam Pymwl- HHH; H3MYYeHHHe BOMHOH H %Ka2KAaBUIHe MHpa paGouHe, KpecTbsHe, CommaTcKHe MaCcH, a TakKKe 3HaYHTeTbHaA ¥YacTbh OPHLEPOB AOBOAbHO OTKPHITO BHPaxatH HesOBONb- CTBO NOJIMTHKOH npaBaAlleh BepXyWKH, OKa3HBanH ef BCe Gonbulee compoTuBneHHe, a nepefosble paGoune H Kpe- CTbAHe CBASHBaIH BHXOA H3 BOHM C AMKBHAauHel cyLle- cTBy!llero 3KcCNAyaTaTOpcKoro cTposA; cpeaH rocnogct- 26 Anale, 1963, Ne 4, p. 82, 83. _ 7 Matei Gh. Balteanu B. Din lupta P.C.R. pentru pregatirea gi infaptuirea insurectiei armate de la 23 august 1944. — Studii, 1959, Ne 4, p. 128. 208 Anale, 1956, Ne 3, p. 74. 132 BY!OWHX KNaCcOB WapHla pacTepAHHOCTb, axe MHOTHe BHICIHe OEP H TeHepasH, paHee c rOpAOCTbIO BHICTaB- IABUHe CBOM THTepoBcKHe opseHa, NOX yrpo30i HeMH- HyeMOro NopaxkeHuA CTaNH OTKa3HIBaTbCA OT NOMHTHKH cosa c TepMannef. Toasuauch tpewHH x B cpaluct- cKOM almapate HacuanHa. B stax ycnopuax KomnaptHa s3ana Kypc Ha nogro- TOBKy BOOpyxeHHoro BoccTaHusa. B aprycte 1943 r. LIK KIIP coctasua okyMext — «HanpaBnenne naptuiHoa pa6oTh B MepHod BOMHE>, — B KOTOPOM cojsepkaHcb yKa3aHHA © CO3MaHHH Ha MpeANpHATHAX, B apMuH, CeTaXx MaTpHOTHYecKHX rpynn, yCHeHHH KOHCNMpauHH B ycaOBH- AX MOANA, OPraHH3alHH ABOK H KOHCNHpaTHBHEIX KBap- TUp HT. 1.209 TipuuuMaiotca Mepbt No ykpenmenHio mapTHiinblx pa- aos. B oTuete curypaHub 3a oKTAGpb 1943 r. KoHCTaTHpy- @TCA, YTO YHCCHHOCTh KOMMYHHCTOB «Ha YaCTHHX mpes- MpHATHAX BO3pactaeT»2!°, Ormeyaetca, ¥TO B IInoewTH Ha HeTeOunCTHTeIbHEIX 3aBoax «Yuupa», « — MpH3biBana K OTKa3y Boe- BaTb Ha cTopone TuTnepa Hw cBepKeHHIO AUKTATypb Autonecky. Ha anekTpHyeckHx u TeneoHHHIx cTom6ax Topofa 6biiH HakneeHb! HeGonbUIHe 3THKETKH C HadnHcA- Mu: «Tpe6yem Mupa, Jon0% rutneposues!» B aToT xe eHb KOMMYHHCT@M H CHMMaTH3HPylOUlHM HM Gbln po3faH oue- peaHo HoMep ra3setht «?!4, TloxyMentbt Kapatenel noKa3bBaloT, TO coBeTCKHe BOCHHONeHHbe, TOMHBUIHeCA B JlarepAaX Ha TeppHTOPHH BOeHHO-PaulncTcKo PymbiHHH, c HeTepneHHemM «anu OcBoGoxKTeHHA WH TOTOBHAMCbh OKa3HIBaTb MOMOUb Kpacnoit Apmun. B aarepe ana soeHHonsenHbix B Jlynenax geilict- BOBaa NosMOAbHaA OpraHH3alua, BO3TMaBIAeMaA, CO- TlaCHo MOHeECeHHAM PYMBIHCKHX KapaTebHWX oOpraHos, 212 UOLA, &. 30, on. 4, a. 395, a. 423. 219 Tam Ke. 24 Tam xe, 1. 430—432. 134 NOAKOBHHKOM, HM@BUIHM B Ka4¥eCTBe MOMOULHHKOB KanHuTa- Ha, JleiiteHaHta u cTapulero cepxkaHta. «Sta opranH3a- uw”, — CKa3aHo fanee B JOKyMeHTe, — 3aMbllana B cay4ae MOZXofa copeTcKHX BOlCK K rpaHHuam PymplHHH OpraHH3OBaTb BMecTe C BOeHHONeHHNMH ApyrHx sarepelt Alonuubt )Kuy BoccTanve c werbIO pas0py>xXHTb BOeHHY!O OXpaHy, HapylWwHTb KOMMYHHKaluH, TeneoHHy!o H Tevle- Tpavylo cBa3b, AMKBHLUpOBaTb rparxkaHcKHe H BOeHHbIE B.1acTH B OGaacTH». IIpH packpsTHH OpraHH3auHH y coBeT- ckoro BoOeHHOMMeHHoro KanutaHa M. Tpesopa G6pina Hait- eva Kapta, oTOOpaxkapulaA Xoq BOeHHBIX JelicTBHi Ha coBeTcKO-repMaHcKoM @pouTe. Kapatenu nogospesaan, 4TO y COBETCKHX BOCHHOMNEHHBIX «B OMHOM H3 WaXT HMeN- cA CKlaq Cc Opy>KHeM H B3PHBYAaTKOH>?!5, Kanka Antouecky mpHaarana sce ycHaua, 4TO6n Mo- aBNTb pactTyulee aHTHallluctckoe H AHTHBOeHHOe JBH- 2KeHHe HapOAHBIX Macc cTpaHbl. B noucKax BoopyxkeHHA H MaTepHasoB aHTHMpaBHTebCTBeEHHOA Mponaranaw yctpa- HBaTHCh NOBaNbHbIe OObICKH B Pa6ouHxX KBapTasax ropo- JOB, CpeAH Tak Ha3biBaeMbIX «nogo3spuTembHLx». JlecaTKH W0geH apecTOBHBatHcbh, NOABepranuch H3GHeHHAM H MLIT- kam. B CBa3H C PpacKPHITHeEM NOANOADHLIX OpraHH3auHii B T. CuOny Oblno apectoBaHo B OKTAGpe 1943 r. 55 yenosek, B Apage — 11 paGounx pa3a“4HnXxX npeaNpuaTHA ropoaa, a Bcero B OKTAOpe opraHaMM cCHrypaHUbt nog cy Gyno otgano 110 KomMMyHucTos. 18 okTAOpA BOeHHO-NoNeBO cya Koxctanubt BbiHec Taker npuropop 41 KoMMyHucTY, B TOM 4HCJle Tpex MpHroBpopu K paccTpeny. B Hayane aHBpapa 1944 r. OblnM ocyxKAeHbI Ha DONTHe Tosh TIOpeM- Horo 3aKmo4eHHa 50 akTHBHEIX YneHoB «Coio3a naTpHo- Tos» Hv «@pouta 3emsenenbues». OnHaKO MOaBHTb conpo- THBNeHHe TPYAALLHxXCA dalNcTCKHM MpaBHTenAM He yJa- siocb. M waxoasch B JlarepaxX H TIOpbMaX, KOMMYHHCTHI NposomKaau Gopp6y, ycTaHaBlMBaH CBA3H C OCTaBLIHMH- CA Ha Bone TOBapHulaMu. TevepanbHan AMpeKUMA NOAM B QOKNaqHoH 3anucke oT 17 geka6pa 1943 r. BbIHyKgeHa Gbila NpH3HaTb, YTO MaKe «HHTEPHHPOBAHHe KOMMYHHCTOB B larepb He ABAAETCA H30MAUHEH HX OT OCTaMbHOrO 06- ukectBa»?!6, . KIIP otaaBana ce6e oTYeT B TOM, YTO B yCJOBHAX, KOrqa OCHOBHBIe MapTHiiHble KaMpH HaXOAHANCh B TIOpb- 23 Tam oe, J. 425. 218 Anale, 1978, Ne 4, p. 119. 135, MaX H JlarepaX H ee PAMbI OCHOBATeAbHO Mopemeru, ocy- WECTBHTb cBepxKeHHe DuKTaTypbt AHTOHeECKy 4H BHIXOL CTPaHBl W3 AHTHCOBeTCKOA Bon Ge3 col3a Cc ApyrHMH aHTHallHcTCKHMH NapTHAMH HW OpraHH3allMAMH H MpHBse- 4eHHA BCX aHTHMPaBHTCABCTBEHHHIX CH, B TOM 4YHCIe TOM uacTH rocnoxcTBy!oulero Kulacca, KoTOpaA paHee Bceleno NoAMepKuBaa BHYTPeHHIOIO H BHEUIHIOIO NOAHTHKY KOH- AyksTopa, a ceityac Gbia roTOBa NoOxXepTBOBaTh HM Pal u36exKaHHA KaTacTpopy, 6yzeT HeBo3MoOxHO. TlepsHA war B 9TOM HanpaBaeHHH yxe Obln clenaH mMaTpHOTHYeCKHM AHTHIHTAepOBCKHM poHToM. B KonWe aprycta — Hayaue centa6pa 1943 r. BuaHEI geatenb KIIP JI. MatpauKany YCTaHOBH KOHTaKTH C HEKOTOPHMH MpescTaBiTeMAMH KO- PONeBcKOrO ABOpa JA BHACHEHHA NOSHUHH MOHapxXa H ero OKpy2KeHHA No BONpocy AasbHefulel MoMMTHKH cTpaHB?!’, KIIP so3s06HoBHa NeperoBophl C PyKOBOACTBOM COLH- aJl-HeMOKpaTH4¥ecko MapTHH O MpHcoezwHenHH ee K ITat- PHOTHYeCKOMy aHTHFHTAepoBCKOoMy poxHTy H co3qaHHH Haunvonatbuoro § KoMuTeta. B ceutaGpe 1943 r. yaanocb AOCTHTHYTb HA STOT CHET COrmallleHHa M@XKLY ABYMA Map- THAMH, HO CNycta HekKoTOpoe BpemMa pyKoBoscTso CJIII OTKa3a0Cb OT Hero, MOTHBUPyA TeM, TO « MapTHH NpotHs co3qaHHa HaunonanbHoro § KoMHTeTa, a 6e3 HX yYacTHA H MOMOWH, MOA, HHYerO He BblizeT. Buipa3sup «ray6oKoe comkasenve» nO MoBOxy OTKa3a COM npucoezuunteca kK TlatpHotuyeckomy aHTHrHTsepoB- cKomy gponty, KIIP Bp nucbMe ot 15 HonGpa 1943 r., aMpecoBaHHOM PYKOBOACTBY COLHa-eMoKpatoB, o6pallla- la BHHMaHWe Ha OXKHJaBllHe cTpaHy TaxXenbe MocnescT- BHA B Ciy4¥ae JabHefWero y4YaCTHA B BOMHE Ha cTOpoHe Tepmanun. «Ecan Mu OyqeM %KMaTb OTCTyNNeHHA THTue- POBCKHX BOiicK C TeppHTOpHH PyMBIHHH, — OTMeyaocb B TWcbMe, — cTpaHa 6yzeT NonHocTbiO pasopena, 3HayHTeNb- Had YacTb Hapofa yHHYTOKeHa. Paspywienui wu y6uTbix 6yaeT B LecATb pa3 Goubule, 4¥eM B CHyYae, ecm PyMBIHHA BHigeT H3 BOWE, MaKe MpH yCNOBHH, 4TO cTpaHe MpH- HeTca NepexkHTb BpeMeHHylO oKkynauuio. Ecan xe Mbl ceiituac He MOQHHMeMCA Bce Ha Gopb6y 3a pa3pHIB co13a c Tutaepom, ctpaHe H Hapoay MpuzeTcA pasqenATb TAXKe- slyl0 y¥actb No6exkgzeHHOH ruTaeposckoh Tepmanuu...»2!® Ne 4, c. 128. 217 Anale, 1969, Ne 3, c. 21; 1978, 218 Tam xe, 1969, 3c. 22. 136 Komnaptua mpeanpunana Hoppe war, TOG cKaz0- HHTb JHJe€poB HalMOHat-WapanucTcKOA HalHOHas-aH- GepanbHon Naptuii kK coTpyzHHuecTBy B Oopb6e 3a cnace- uHe cTpaHbl, CootsetctBeHHo 7 uw 15 nos6pa 1943 r. ona HanpaBHJia HM MHCbMa, cofepxKallHe ycnoBuA aToro co- TpyAHH4ecTBa: CBepxKeHHe MpaBuTenbcTBa AHTOHeECKy H co3qaHHe HOBOTO MpaBHTeNbCTBa H3 MpescTaBHTenel BCex AHTHTHTMEPOBCKHX CH; BRIXO. 3 BOHHB! Ha CTOpoHe TepManun 4 nepexog Ha cTOpoHy alTHrHTsepoBcKoi Koa- ANWHH; MOOHAW3alHA H OpraHH3allMa apMHH H WHPOKHX Macc TpyAaulHxca Ha Gopb6y c dallincTcKHMH nopa6oTH- teaamu. «Ilepeq AHWUOM yrporxKaloulero nonowKeHHA, He Tepnaulero OTNaraTenbCTB, — TOBOPHAOCh B MHCbMe, — HageeMcaA, 4TO Ha ce pa3 Bbl OTBETHTe NOOXKUTEAHO Ha Halle Mpetnoxenve 0 cnaceHuH cTpaHbl H Hapona oT HeMHHYeMOn KaTacTpodpE»?!9, Ho augephl «HcTopHueckHx» nmapTHii H Ha Celi pas pak- THYeCKH OTBepraH MpeqnowenusA KOMMYHHCTOB. CMep- TeIbHO GOACh HapOAHHX MaCC, OHH JeNanH Bce BO3MOX- noe, 4T06H H30AHpoBaTb KIIP, ne gonycTHTb ee K pele- Hulo cyge6 cTpanb. Kak apctayet 43 oTueta TexepanbHoh AMpeKUHH NoaHWHH 3a OKTAGpr 1943 r., pyKoBo_CTBO HaUHOHaJ-WapaHHcTOB NpeANPHHANO warn K «cOnMKeHHIO> c couvanuctamH. Tleperopopht BesH oT HalHOHat-wapaH ctos M. Psyty u YU. Cumuonecky, NocTOAHHO HHOpMHpo- BaBluHe o cocToaHHH fen IO. Manny, oT counanuctos — H3BeCTHBA npaBhit augep K. Tutea-Ietpecky. B otuete cka3aHo, ¥TO €MeperoBopHl 3alllH OYeHb AaneKO H CTOpO- bl B MpHHWANe COrmacHbl COTPyAHHYaTb, AHL OcTaOcb ycTaHoBHTb cnoco6 (coTpyaunyuectBa. — H. JI.) w pewut Bonpoc 0 AMUaX...» OTHOCHTeAbHO Wenei aTOrO «c6nHKe- Ha ¢ COUHaMHcCTaMH» B JOKYMeHTe PyMBIHCKOH OXpaHKH cka3aHo: «B CBA3H C aKUMAMH Mo BKJIOYeHHIO COWMaH- CTOB B COCTaB HallMOHaA-WapaHHcTcKo mapTHu r-H Manny 3aABH, YTO 3TO O3HAYaeT MOAPHB NONBITOK KOMMYHHCTOB NpHBJeYb Ha CBOIO CTOPOHY couManuctos»?2°, He HcKsI0- ueHo, 4¥TO COmmKeHHe Cc HaWHOHAa-WapaHHCTaMH Hu oby- CIOBHIO OTKa3 MpaBX JHZepOB COUMaN-eMOKpaTOB OT yuactua B TlaTpHoTwyecKoM aHTHTHTepoBcKOM ppoHTe. Hatwonan-wapaHucTel =mpeanpHHHManH Bce MepbI K Tomy, ¥TOOB — pactyulee BAHAHHe KOMMYHHCTOB 219 Tam 2Ke, c. 2 2 UOPA, 6. 30. ‘on. 4, a. 395, a. 412, 413. 137 cpeau tpyaaumuxca. Curypanua Bpauopa joktaibpasa, uto 10. Manny «a0 yka3aHnve CBOHM JOBepeHHBIM Ji02aM yCTaHOBHTb KOHTakT c paGounmu ye3qa Bpallios # nonbi- TaTbCA MPHBAeYb HX K HaUHOHad-lapaHHcTaM JO Toro, KaK OHH aHapxu3Hpylwtcar?2!, Tlocne nopaxkenua nog Kypckom pyMblHcKaa 6yp2kya- 3a, HanyraHHas GbicTppiM npogBuxeHuem Kpacnoi Ap- MHH H YCKOPeHHBIM NoNeBeHHeM TpyAAWHXCA MaCC CTPaHH, ¢ oco6HM ycepfHeM cTana HCKaTb nyTH NpesoTBpallenHA NoaHoro BOeHHOrO Nopaxkewua WH HalBuraiouleroca Kpaxa akcnayatatopcKoro cTpos. Copelllanua, B3aHMHBIe KOH- cylbTauHH, BCTpedH MeXAy PYKOBOAHTeMAMH pa3HUHBIX napTui u rpynMuposok, cyQA No AOHeceHHAM areHTOB py- MBIHCKOM OXpaHKH, He mMpekpaitlanuce. HanGoapmyw ak- THBHOCTb MpOABIAN ANJep HallMoHat-wapanuctos IO. Ma- nny. B Tevenne HiomA—oKTAGpA 1943 r. y Hero cocToANHCh He@CATKH BCTpe¥Y Co BCEMH PYKOBOAAWHMH JeATeMAMH He TOKO cBoel, HO H Apyrux Oyp»xya3sHbIX napTHii, c Typeul- KHM H UWBeiuapcKHM NociaHHuKaMH B Byxapecte, apyru- MH HHOCTpaHHBIMH JMMIOMaTaMH?22, JinGepaabl, WapanncTbl, Ky3HCTH, JerHoHephl yCHeHHO MpodomxKaAn Nepectposiky cBOHX MapTHMHHXx pALoB, nepe- XOAHIH Ha MonOxKeHHe GoeBoi roTOBHOCTH, Mpucnoca6H- Bald K HOBBIM YCTOBHAM cTapble, H3%KHBUIHe Ce6A MomH- TuyecKkhe mporpamMbl. Han6onee «peBomouHoHHoh> 43 HHX 6blla MporpaMoMa, coctaBnenHaa [. Tatapecky. B Bu- ae MHcbMa OH pa30clan ee B Ha¥ane oKTAOpaA 1943 r. ObIBLIHM MHHHCTpaM H TeHepasbHBIM CeKpeTapaM mpaBH- Te1bCTB, KOTOPble OH BO3TNaBAN B 1934—1940 rr.223 «Co 221 IITA MCCP, ¢. 195, on. 1, a. 96, 2.15. 22 UOPrA, o. 30, on. 4, 2. 395, a. 350, “41; HOA, ¢. Muxpo- (pitibMBl PyMBIHCKHX OKyMeHToB. Darea de seam asupra starii de spirit... in intervalul 1—31 Iulie 1943. 23 Sk3zemnaap a3Toro nucbMa TaTapecky Bpyuit ObiBleMy Ha- waabHKy KaOilHeTa npembep-Munuctpa, CBOeMy OnH3KOMY copaTHHKy, *KypHagucty uw xygqoxKHHky P. Ipuropecky. B rogtt sone Tpuropecky CTa1 areHTOM KOHTppa3sBeaKH pyMBIHCKOrO reHwTa6a. Hepes Hero 9K- 3eMIIAp NHCbMa nofat B pasBesoTAe1 renuita6a. B oKaaqHoi 3a- llicke, cocTtapneHHo 27 oKxta6pa 1943 r. pa3penoTje10M H mpHao- >KeHHOlt K SK3EMMAApY MHCbMa, cka3aHo, 4TO B OTBeT Ha npocb6y Tpnropecky «Tatapecky corjacuaca nepenaTb 9TO MHCbMO OpraHaM HHOpMaunH reHuita6a Cc WeMbwO O3HAKOMNeHHA f-Ha Mapllaa, Ht coaiaiocb Bnevat.eHile o xenannn Tatapecky c6ausHTbca c r-HOM Mapulaiom», «Ecav f-H Mapulaa,—cka3aHo B 3aKmo¥eHNe —3amicKtt, — corjaceH 1 pa3peulaeT, MOKHO BHIACHHTb BOTPOC O >KeaaHIH r-Ha 138 BCeX KOHUOB MHpa, — nucan Tatapecky cBOHM copaTHH- KaM, — MoctynawT curHadbl, npemBellaioulne cTpawHue 6poxenua u ray6okve u3MeHeHna...» He ckpbipaa cTpaxa, OviBUIHi MpeMbep BbICKa3iBaeT ONaceHHA, ¥T0 «PyMBHHA i@ CMOWKET OCTABATbCA H30MHPOBAHHHM OCTPOBOM B ryllle 3THX 9NOXAMbHX H3MeHeHHA...», YTO «ee yYaCTHe B MH- POBOH BOliHe cO32a0 BHYTPH CTpaHbl TaKoe Noso*KeHHe, 3 KOTOporo Ge3 BCTPACKH BBITH Heb3a GyzeT...», HOO «MOQHHMaeTCA TOOC HcKaTenel cnpapeqaHBOcTH, pALb KOTOPBIX YBEMHYAaTCA 3a CYT BOHHOB, BO3BpalllaloulHxca c @pouta c B36yfopaxeHHHMH cepauamMu». Tatapecky npeaynpexkaet, ¥To ceiiuac elle palo «, yipapaseMoh nomuTH¥ecKHMH NapTHAMH. «Bo3Bpallenne K MpHHunNaM AnGepanbHBIX KOHCTHTYWMA ABAAeTCA BEIXO- OM, CJHHCTBEHHKM BHXOJOM JA HOpMatH3auMH Haleit O6ulecTBEHHOH X%KH3HH», — 3aki04an on. TakuM o6pa3om, Tatapecky npogomKan OTCTaHBaTb OBOeHHHIe dopMbI Npapsenus, Tpe6yA AHWb OYHWeHHA MpexHHX NMopALKOB OT MopoKosB, KoTOpble, KaK nMuca GbiBuiHii MpeMbep, «oM- pavanH HeOMHOKpaTHO Hallly OOUleCTBeHHYIO 2%KH3Hb H ANCKPeQHTHPOBaH B MPOUIOM BeCb PexKHM, OCHOBAHHBIi ua @yHKUHOHHpoBaHHH naptHi». A ana atoro «Ha fZomrHe Tatapecky GwTb K ycayraM r-Ha Mapwasa> (HLA, b. Mukpodiabmt PYMBlHcKHX oKyMeHTos. Nota. 27 Octombrie 1943). Orser H. Anto- Hecky Ha 93TOT C¥eT HaM yCTaHOBHTb He yaanocb. Hago noaaratb, UTO KOHAYK9TOP, OTPHWATeIbHO OTHOCHBUINcA K TaTapecky, oTBepr 3TH KOHTaKTH. TIporipxnkom Tatapecky seictynia n IO. Manny, koToppli coTpyaHH¥an c rpynnoit Bpatiany. OH aa yka3aHHe npo- BUHUNAABHBIM OpraHH3auitAaM WapaHicTCKOA mapTHit BeCTH KaMNaHHio NpoTHB CTOpOHHHKOB Tatapecky. 139 rodbl, — MpofomKa.1 OH, — omKHa NpeKpatuteca Sopb6a MexKAy MapTHAMH H pa3spylMTeMbHBA AyX BomKeH ycTy- NHTb MecTO yxy COTpyaHHYecTBa». Tatapecky, BHeCWHii HeMaIDi AHYHNA BKaq B NOsaBeHHe peBOmOWHOHHOTO ABIDKeHHA H MpecueqopaHHe KOMMapTHH B M@KBOeHHBI NepHOA, ecTeCTBeHHO, paToBal 3a COTpyYAHHYeCTBO MexKly GypxkyasHbiMu napTHamu. B ero AnHHHOM NporpaMMe HeT H HaMeKa Ha Jleranu3aunio KITIP. B pa3yene, nocBAUeHHOM © COUHaIBHBIM mpo6nemam, 6plBUIHA MpeMbep TOpxecTBeHHO OObABAAN, YTO «, Kak «NponeTapw3alHA 3HaYHTeNbHOM YacTH PYMBIHCKOH MenKO Gypxya3sHH». ArpapHaa nporpamMa Gusulero mpeMbepa, npH3BaHHan YMHPOTBOPHTb jlepeBHo, MpeaycMaTpHBana orpannyenue Pa3MepoB KpynHo 3eMebHOM cOGCTBEHHOCTH B paMKax 3akouHa 1921 r. 06 arpapHoi pedopme, co3sqaHue cnewHa.1b- Horo Be2OMCTBa NO HafleeHHIO KpeCTbAH 3eMeH 3a cueT yroauh, mpeqokenHbx K Mpotaxe, wT. 1. B csoefi mporpamMe Tatapecky He 3aTparuBan BHell- HeNOAHTHYeECKHX BoMpocos. B co3gfasulelica o6cTaHoBKe OH, MO-BHJHMOMY, PelllH1 COXpaHHTb 3a coGoH cBo6orxy Hefictaus. OnHako HanH4He B ero onyce yKa3aHHA Ha TO, YTO B NOAHTHKE HHAYCTpHaqH3alHH PyMBHCKHA KanuTa.t Donen Ga3Hpopateca Ha COTPyAHHYeCTBe C HHOCTPaHHBM KanuTaJiomM, ye O MHOrOM roBopHo. BriBuni npembep He coOupascaA nopplBaTbh cBA3H C 3aNaqHNMM MOHONOMUA- mu, OH HaMeKa.1 TakxKe Ha TO, 4TO MocreBoeHHan PymbI- 140 HA AOKHA Mpoctupatbca Ha Bcei TeppHTOpHH MexAy Tlynaem, Tuco, Tnectpom. B 3akslouenve, o6pallanch Kk CBOHM copaTHHKaM, I. Tatapecky nucan: «To, ¥to Gpi0 Ha¥aTO NoKoNeHHeM 1848 r., ZO0%KHO ObITb 3aBepuleHo». O6baBaaa ce6a mpo- AomKatenem ena, 3a KoTOpoe GopoaHch peBosiouMoHepLt 1848 r., ObIBUIHA NpeMbep Kak Obl NOsYepKHBa, 4TO ero nporpaMMa He BEIXOLHT 34 PpaMKH 3afa4¥, MocTaB/eHHEIX OypxKya3HbIMH peBomOunAMH cepeguHn XIX B. [pexpacuo 3Ha# KOHCepBaTH3M H PeaKUHOHHOCTh PyMBIHCKOH Gyp2xKy- a3HH, KOTOpad axe Ha 3ape cBoero yTBepxKAeHHA Kak o6ulecTBeHHaA CHJla He OTAHYaNaCch oCco6oM peBOmOLWHOH- HOCTbwO, TaTapecKy oMmacascaA, YTO WH 3Ta BeCbMa ype3aH- Had, KylWaa MporpaMMa peopM noKaxetca ero copaTHH- kaM KpaMOJbHOw. On nucan: «Muorne H3 3THX pedopm, 3Hai0, GyAyT BOCNPHHATH KaK peBomONHOHHHe. OnHaKo y6exeH, YTO TOBKO NyTeM TaKHX eratbHBIX peBomiouni, VTBEpAKAAaOulHX HOBLIH MOPAAOK, MOXKHO H3GerHyTb Apy- THX, HH3BepraloulHx peBomiouHi... TombKo cornallaach Ha XKePTBbI WH YCTYMKH... MOXKHO OTBECTH ONacHOCTb NomHorO Pa3pyWeHHA, BH3BaHHOTO BCNBIWKOH HeHaBHCTH H HacH- <1HA... KOTOPOe CTaBHT MoM yrpo3y He TOAbKO couMabHHe YCTOH, HO H CaMy 2XKH3Hb, H Gymyulee rocygzapcTBa»?, pasyMeetca, Gyp2xya3Horo. Ucnosegp I. Tatapecky oTpaxkana cMepTembHBli cTpax PYMBIHCKHX FOcnOACTBYIOULHX KaccoB Nepe Hapactalouleit PeBOJIOWHOHHOM BONHOH, conyTcTByOUleH MHPoBoH BoHe. B ycnopuax MpH6awxKenna Kpacuoi Apmuu kK rpaHallaM PyMblHHH TpyCIHBaa PyMBIHCKad Oypxya3va faxke Ha Kakoe-To BpeMa Gontach ocTaBaTbCA HaeMHHe Cc cobcTBeH- HBIM HapOOM H CBOH Mab cnaceHuA MporHHBluero cTpoA CTpowaa B pacueTe Ha NOMOMIb MexKAyHAPOAHOH peakunH. * * * TakTuka «HCTOpHYeCKHX» NapTHi, oGbeqHHABIUHX TaBHble CHIN PyMBIHCKOA Gyp2xkya3HH, no-npexkHeMy CBO- AuNaCb K TOMY, 4TOGH HH B KOeM ciy4¥ae He MONYCTHTb copeTckHe BOfCKa Ha TeppHTOpHiO PyMBHHH, COXpaHHTb HeMelKoe MpHcyTCTBHe B CTpaHe, a 3a02HO H BOeHHO-fa- 24 YJIA, . MHKpodHabMil pyMBIHCKHX jOKyMeHTOB. Scrisoarea- Program politic de viitor a d-lui Gh. Tatdrescu. 141 wHcTcKoe NpaButetbcTBo AHTOHeCKy Jo npHxoga Ha Baa- KaHb aHIo-aMepHKaHCKHX BOiicK. Tlaanbl BaacTb NepefigeT K HOBOMy MpaButenpcTBy. Manuy mucaa, yTo «onno3HuHio noAmepxuBaet H. Antonecky», 3aBpepa, 4TO MpoaHranickH HW MpOaMepHKaHCKH HacTpoeH 4yTb JAH He BeCb Hapod, «BKM04ad apMHio, Sypxkya3Hi0 H GOOubLIHHCT- BO MpaBHTeIbCTBeEHHHIX C/YKAallUX». JIugep HII] neoguoxpatuo nogyepkKupan B cBoeM NocdaHHH, YTO «. Pyxkosogutenb HIM] coo6ujan o HaMepeHHAX «onno3i- UHH» OOpaTHTbCA K KOpomio c mpocb6oh «HeMeseHHO oT- BecTH apmuio K J[HecTpy» H O TOM, ¥TO HallHOHas-Wapa- HHCTCKaA NapTHA pa3sgelxeT TOUKY speHuA cawiHcTCKorO Mpasutenpctaa AHTOHeCKy 0 «HeOGXOAMMOCTH 3alllHULaTb Beccapa6nwo», T. e€. MpogsonxKaTb Boy mpotas CCCP. Uto6H 3apy4yntbca mogmepxKow Aurann u CIA B stom Bonpoce, Manuy npuGer K u36uTOMy Te3sHcy uMNepHasH- 142 cTHuecKOH MponaraHab o «pycckoH yrpo3se» yepHoMop- CKHM MpomHBamM Hu Cy3UKOMy KaHauy, MpesOTBpaTHTb KO- Topy!0 MOxKHO GyseT, TOAbKO 3azepxaB Poccuio y JembTHI ZlyHaa. OtHocutenbHo TpaHcHbBaHHH pyKOBOAHTeTb HUM nucan, yto mpasutenbctBo §AHnTOoHecKy npuzepxkH- BaeTCA NO3HUHH, 3aHATOM PYMBIHCKOH enerauneh B xoze PYyMBIHO-BeHrepcKHX Meperopopop sB asrycte 1940 r. B Typuy-Cesepuue”, B To BpeMA KaK «ONNO3HUHA» BBICTY- maeT NpOTHB H3MeHeHHA CTapoli rpanHul H HacTaMBaeT Ha 3aMeHe BelirepcKoro HaceneHHs, mpoxuBaioulero B TpaH- CHAbBaHHH, PYMBIHCKHMH KOJOHHCTaMH H3 Uctpun H apy- rHxX pafioHos BankancKoro nonyoctposa. B KoHue noc.1a- nua IO. Manny sbipaxkan ygosetsopenue no nosogy Toro, uTo aMepHKaHCKad aBHalHA He GomMOuT TeppHtopHio Py- MBIHHH, 2aB MOHATb, YTO H BMpedb He CHemyeT 3TOFO Je- 1aTb??6, : JIugzep HLM Gein ray6oko y6exzeH B CKOpoH BEICaaKe aHT0-aMepHKaHCKHX BOlicK Ha BasKaHax. Coo6ulaa o Mawax H pacdeTax HalHOHad-WapaHHcToB oceHbio 1943 r., cHTypaHua oTMeyana: «B cBa3H c MpHOnW>KeHHeM JHHHH BoctouHoro qpouTa Hal\HOHa-WapaHucTE! yBepeHBl, 4TO, B cay¥ae ECAH repMaHCKoe conpoTHBeHHe GyZeT cnoMae- uo, Axraua v AMepHKa BMellaloTCa B HYXHBIi MOMeHT H Pympnna nonaget B chepy aHrao-aMepHKaHckoro§ BsHA- nua»?27, JIuzepst HUT nonaranu, ropoputca B 9TOM xe AOKyMeHTe, UTO HaXOMAllHecA B 9MHTpalHH eaTeNH UX napTHi cyMewT yOenuTb JIonqoH 4 BalllHHrTOH B TOM, uTO y KopomescKo PyMBHHH «HeT ApyrHx were, Kpome Gopb6n npoTHs GonbulleBH3Ma», OKa3aTeNbCTBOM 4ero CAYKHT TOT (akT, YTO «OHA He CUHTaeT ceOA B COCTORHHH BoHHn c Axnravei u AmepHkoi». B okKHJaHHH BEICaDKH aHI0-aMepHKaHCKHX BOCK Ha BankacKom noayoctpose angepb «HcTopHyueckux» napTHit NposomxKann nepe6upaTh pa3sinynble BapHaHTH Syzyulero MpaBHTeALCTBa, KOTOpoe B HYKHMI MOMeHT 3aMeHHT OGaH- KpoTHBuyioca KsHKy AHToHecky. Jlenanocb 3To He 6e3 BefoMa CaMOro KOHAyK3Topa. B aprycte 1943 r., noce 225 Ha 9THX neperopopaX PyMBIHCKaA fererauna Oba ckKNOHHA yetynutb Bexrpun HeGoabuwyto Yactb TpancHabBaHii c nocrenyiouiM O6MeHOM HaceneHHa. 2% Foreign Relations of the United States. Diplomatic Papers (aanee: FRUS), 1943, v. I. Washington, 1963, p. 498, 499. 27 UOLA, >. 30, on. 4, a. 394, 4. 872. 143 KaTactpopuyeckoro NopaxkeHHa rutaeposues nog Kyp- CKOM, Mey 3aMeCTHTeeM NMpesAcesaTenA HallHOHas-Wa- panuercKoit naptuy HW. Muxanake wu H. Axtonecky cocto- Ach OOMeH MH€HHAMH OTHOCHTeNBHO cocTaBa 6yzyulero MpaBHuTe/IbCTBa B Cyyae, eCIH OGcTOATeABCTBa 3aCTaBAT KOHAYK3TOpa yiitH c Mocta. Cam AuTonecky mpegnoyen Ont BHZeTb BO riaBe 6Oyaymero MpaBHTe/IbCTBa HallHOHAaJ-la- panucta HW. Muxamake, Kotophii, Kak Hagesmca KOHAYK9- Top, 6yzeT orpaxkfaTb efo OT AMYHHIX HeNpHATHOCTeH. Ou Take nomaran, uTo KaHAWAaTypa Muxanake MoxerT ObiTb ogo6pexa Bepaunom. Ho Muxanake orKa3aqca oT mpen- JOKEHHA CTaTb raBoit MipaBHTe/bCTBa, 3aABHB, 4YTO MO- MeHT NOKa He nogxonauHh??’, Hanuonas-uapanucTel C4UHTaH, 4YTO BPeMA 3aMeCHH npaputenbetBa AnToHecky ele He HacTynHuso. «B Kpyrax HauHOHaJ-WapaHHCcToB, — OHOCHa CHrypaHla, — yT- BepxAalwoT, 4TO FOcnoaHH lOany Manny He CorlacHTca COpMHpoOBaTb NpaBHTeAbCTBO NO Toro, KaK HeMUH NOKH-" uyT Pymainmio»®, B oxta6pe 1943 r. Manny gan ykKa3a- HHe CBOMM CTOPOHHHKaM «Moka He MpeAMpHHUMaTb HHKa- KHX akWHi, YWEMAAOULHX HHTepechl NpaBuTenpcTBa»?°, B TaKOM Ke Ayxe neficTBoBaH HauwoHas-anGepaan. Tloan- uefickHe opraHbl TumMumoaph C YMOBIETBOpeHHeM OTMe4a- 1M B HOAOpe yka3aHHOrO ofa, 4TO «4eHN OBIBINHX NOMMTHYECKHX NapTHA HHKaKOH ONNO3HUHH NpaBUTeABCTBy He CO3Qal0T, MpOABAAIOT MOAHy!O NaccHBHOCTb»?3!, Tutaeposubt 6blin Xopowo HHopMHpoBaHH o niaHax H MaHeBpax «OnnO3HUHH». Tlocae mpoMaxa, JonyuleHHoro Bp Utanun u TipHBequero K CBepKeHHIO MyccoaunH, OHH peliwau Ha BCAKHA cnyya MpHcTpyHuTh NpoanraniicKn HaCTPOeCHHBIX PyKoBogzuTenen HalHOHaJ-WapaHHCTOB H Ha- WHOHaA-1nGepasos. CotpyaqHuK pyMBIHCKoro§ = nocombcTBa_=BCBepanue P. Bpaxzw?2, seinotHaa mopyseHua mpaBuTenbctBa peli- xa, BCTpetHica c Manny u Bpstwany uw coo6ulH uM, 4TO 2% Fatu M. Op. cit., p. 77. 29 UOTA, . 30, on. ‘ A. 325, a. 351. 20 Fdtu M. Op. cit. p. 81. 331 Tam Ke, c. 80. 22 B 30-e rr. ABAANCA AHAePOM HaUHOHAaT-couMaNHCTOB HeMeLKOTO: MeHBUHHCTBa B PyMBIHHH, JemyTaTOM pyMBIHCKOrO mapsaMeHta. B 1933 r. c Begoma Kapoaza II on sue3xan B Bepaun no nopyyennio TorgauHero mpembepa A. Bafiay ana HaaKHBaHHA OTHOWeHHH C cpauuctckoh Tepmannei. 144 HX MocaweaHee nocnanve Antonecky of 12 aprycta 1943r., B KOTOPOM OHH Tpe6yIOT OT3HIBa OCHOBHOM MaCCHI PyMBIH- CKHX BOMCK C POHTa, OCTaBHO HeNpHATHOe BMeyaTTeHHe y HeMeukoro pykosogctBa. Hecmotpa Ha 10, ¥T0 B Bep- <1HHe AeMapLy AWJepoB «HCTOpHyecKHX» MapTH, Mo cao- pam Bpanawa, He npHtanu Gonbuioro 3HayeHHA, paccmaT- PHBaa ero KaK YHCTO MOpMatbHyW H POOKylO aKUHIO, TeM He MeHee COWH HYKHHM MpefynpeaHTb, To B cayyae NpoOfomKeHHA 3TOH MHHHH MOTYT MOcJefOBaTb OTBETHBIE HeficTBHA CO CTOPOHKE repMaHCKoro MpaBHTebCTBa. P. Bpanazuw notpe6osan ot 10. Manny u JI. Bpatuany ne co3qaBatb TepMaHHH TpyaHoctefi. Bmecte c TeM, ¥TOOH He OOOCTPATb OTHOWeHHH, HLepaM ?33, Tipasutenu peiixa npeanpuHanu ovepeaHoh HaxKuM HU Ha caMoro KoHAyKsToOpa. Emy HanoMHHJH, 470 B PyMBnHH, fa 4 3a ee Mpefenamu y TepManuu uMeloTcA Apy3ba, ro- TOBbIe pa3sfeHTb C He y4YaCTb JO KOHWa. ABHO HHCMHpH- PoBaHO THTJepoBlaMH ObI0 NHCbMO, HanpapnenHoe An- ToHecKy Tpynnof mporepManckHx geaTened Pympnnn4, C TpeOoBaHHeM NPOABAAT AOANHOCTh HW MpemaHHOCTb MO oTHoueHHIO K TepMaHHH B 9TOT TpyAHBIA AA Hee MOMeHT H OCyULeCTBHTb C/lelyioulee: 3aMeHHTb MpOBepeHHEIMH Apy- 3bAMH TepMaHHH MHHHCTPoB, reHepambHLIx ceKpeTapeli TeHepaAbHBIX JHPEKTOPOB, B MPOU!IOM CBASAHHBIX C KOpO- 233 Fatu M. Op. ci 74 CneunanbHaa cay MHOpMauHH OKIaAWBana B KOHUe oxta6pa 1943 r., YTO KONA STOrO MHCbMa OKa3aqacb B pykax uBef- Wapckoro nocnaHHHka B PympHHn Pene ge Beka. Io caopaM nocaez- Hero, 9TO MHcbMo nognucann A. Bafiza-Boesog, B. Ton, M. Mao- usecky, Bpatecky-Bofixeuth ap. A. Bafiza otpuuas cpoe coastop- CTBO, HO 3aABNJ, YTO NOANHcanH «ero nomHTHYeCKHe Apy3bA». Pence le Bex, otaxo, 6bia y6exzex, ur0 Baliga noctapin cBow nognHce OA MHCbMOM, KOTOpOe, CyYAA NO HaHYHIO B HEM (pa3, THNHYHEX AA re66eabcosckoh_ nponaraHabl, Gbi0 MpOAHKTOBaHO TepMaHCKHM Mo- caaHHwKom B Byxapecte A. Kuaaunrepom (HJIA, @. Muxpoduapmer PYMBIHCKHX JoKyMeHToB. Nota. SSI. 27 Octombrie 1943). B ortuete TenepanbHof AUpeKUHH NOAMUNH 3a OKTAGpb 1943 Tr. ckKa3aHO, YTO 3TO MHCbMO, KONA KOTOporo HMenacb un y T. Bpatuany, noanncaan Bafiza, Dxurypty, Ypsuyany, Mpeaunyany u ap. (YOLA, 6. 30, on. 4, 4. 395, 7. 411). 10 1. 3. Jesur 145 sem Kaponem II, a take mepconan Munuctepctsa mpo- NaraHAbl, CocTaBeHHHA AKOO H3 uTOaKTaM4aH, H32aTb CNeWHaIbHBt 3aKOH 06 OTCTpaHeHHH HalMOHau-nu6epa- JOB OT GaHKOBCKHX H PHHAHCOBLIX Je, 3AMeHHTb PyKOBO- Quteneh Hauwonanbuoro 6aHka; MpoABAATb NoAHyW COsH- MapHocts c nonuTHKo TepMaHHH; nepecmotpetb MpHroBo- Pbl B OTHOWeHHH JerHOHepoB H MpHMHPHTbCA C HHMH; OTCTpaHHTb OT pykoBozcTBa M. AHToHeCKy Hw OTpe4bCA OT ero NOAHTHKH, AKOObI . B nuceMe, Hanpasnentom H. Antonecky 30 centa6pa 1943 r., 1O. Manity otpyraa KOHAyKSTOpa 3a NpH3HaHHe npaBHtenpctBa Myc- COANHI, Tak KaK, MO erO MHeHHIO, 3TO YXYAWIHT H Ges Toro cnO%KHWE otHowenia c Axranef n CIA G6yneT «HcTonkoBanO 2a KAYULHMA MHpa MaccaMil Kak HOBOe MpOABeEHHe >%enaHA MpaBiTenbcTBa Npo- DO-DKITE BOMHY». 146 HBIM AHT.OMaTaM, 4TO «BCe roTOBO ANA BLICagKH Ha Baa- KaHax» @HT0-aMepHKaHCKHX BOHCK H YTO C BHIXOLOM HX Ha TeppHTopHio Bosrapwn mpou3oiineT cMena mpaBuTenb- ctsa B Pymbinnw. Ha sonpoc Kpeusny, kak Manuy npea- nodaraeT 3TO OcyulecTBHTb, ecm AHTOHeCKy OTKaxKeTCH nepefaTb BaacTb, — koHcoHoM. Hany noayyua 3amanHe yctaHo- BHTb KOHTaKTB C aHIi0-aMepHKaHUaMH H BHIABHTb BO3- MOMKHOCTH 3akmioueHHA Mupa. I[Ipu orbesne Hany u3 Byxapecta M. Antonecky rosopua emy: «TeM, KTO B 3TOM 3aHHTepecoBaH, BRI MOXKETe CKa3aTb, YTO A NOCTaBIO B u3BectHoctb Tutaepa 0 TOM, ¥T0 HH OHH BBICTpen Cc PYMBIHCKOM CTOPpOHK! He pa3zzacTcA MO aMepHKaHCKHM H aHTJIHACKHM BOACKaM, CCH OHH NosBATcA B PyMBlHHH»?238, Tleperosopst o nepemupuu no yKkasanuio M. Antonecky 3aBA3a C aMepHKaHCKHM Moctom B Magpuze K. Xeiicom TepBbii cekpeTapb PyMBHcKoro MocompcTBa B Mcnannn C. Tpuropuy. Xefic coo6mua B Bawuurton, ito Tpuropay noka3a emy nmucbMo M. Autonecky Ha 3TOT cyeT?9, Tipasuteapctsa BennkoOputanuu u CIA noompsaau YcTaHOBeHHe KOHTAKTOB C MpeAcTaBHTeAAMH BParKeCKHX CTpaH, B TOM 4¥HCNe chauiMctckoh PyMBIHHH, HO cTapanHcb uM MpHJaTb Heo@uunarbHEA Xapaktep, AaObl CoxpaHuT 3a co6of BO3MOXKHOCTh MaHeBpHpoBaTb. B jupekTHBe rocgenaptamenta CILIA ot 4 oxta6pa 1943 r., pasocnan- 28 Cretzianu A. Op. cit. p. 96. 27 Tam me, c. 97. a Hillgruber A. Hitler, Konig Carol und Marschall Antonescu... 29° FRUS, 1943, v. I, p. 503. 10* 147 HOH TaBaM CBOHX NocoubcTs B AHKape, Ctam6y.1e, Bepue, Jlucca6one, Pume wu CtokrombMe, ropopHiioce: «Ec.1n py- MBIHCKHMH J{HMOMA@THYeCKHMH mpecTaBuTeiamMH Oy eT IIpoaBeHa HHHUMATHBAa, Tocy@apcTBeHH enapTameHT He BO3paxKaeT NPOTHB HeOUUHANbHEX KOHTAKTOB Me@XxKAY BaMH, COTPyYAHHKaMH BallHX yupexseHHit H TaKHMH Mped- cTaBHTeAMH. BH MoxeTe HeO*HUHaIbHO MpHHATb .11060i1 MOKyMeHT, Kako NoxedaeT BpyyuTh Bam pyMblHcKHii MipeAcTaBuTetb AAA Mepesayn HallleMy nmpaBHTenbctBy. Mui 3aHHTepecoBaHb! B NOAHOH HHopMalHHr?, Bonpoc 0 NO3HUHH TaBHX Aepxkap aHTHrHTAeposcKoli KOaJHUHH MO OTHOLWeHHIO K MHPHBIM OOpallleHuAM cTpaH- CaTelHTOB, B YacTHOcTH dalluctcKo PyMBIHHH, cTan O6beKTOM cNellHanbHoro §ob6cyKgeHHaA Ha MockoscKont KoH®epeHUHH MHHHCTpoB HHOCTpaHHBIx gen CCCP, CIA wu Beanko6putanun, coctossmefica 19—30 oxta6pa 1943r. On 6bin BHeceH B NOBeCTKy AHA KOHepeHunH Aeneraunell BeankoOputaHHu aAKOOH C Webi BHACHHTb, «Kako OT- BeT clelyeT JaTb» 3THM CTPaHaM, a TakxKe AA onperene- HHA «OOWeh AHHHH B 40GHX KOHTaKTaxX, KOTOpbIe OHH MOryT HMe€Tb C MA@JIBIMH caTe.MTaMH ocH B Espone»#l, Sta xe JenerauHA MpescTaBHaa NHCbMeHHyO HHtpopMa- UHIO WH OAH3KHA copaTHuk IO. Manny) xoten nepefatb muyHo mocay Aur- suv B TypunH nocnaHua pykoBpogutena HII] u kopoan Muxas, Ho OpHtaHcKoMy AMNAoMaTy AKOOH 6blI0 AaHO ykasauwe He BCTpeyatbca c Kpeuany, a 10. Manny, xe- aqaBweMy NOKHHYTb PyMBHHIO, YTOOH OOcyzHTb B JIoHZO- He «o6cTaHoBKy», 6bII0 coo6uleHO, 410 «aHHBi MOMeHT ABAAeTCA HEMOAXOAAWLHM> BBHAY OTKpHTHA MockoscKolt kougepenunn. Ho uu B HHCpOpMalHOHHO 3anncke, HH B xome AMCKyCCHH Mo 3TOMy BOMpocy aHraiickHe H aMepH- KaHCKHe AHMJOMATH He CKa3aJ1H O TOM, 4TO elle B NepBoit NosoBHHe aBrycta oHH Yepes CTOKroNbM nomyaHaM Nocaa- nue IO. Manny, H, ecTeCTBEHHO, 4TO OT CoBeTCKOM Aenera- UHH Obla CKpbiTa aHTHCOBeTCKaA HalpaBJeHHocTb No.m- THkH augepa HIM. 240 FRUS, 1944, v. IV. Washington, 1966, p. 246. 299, Cosetckui Cows Ha MexayHapoaHBx KoHdepeHuHAX.., T. 1, c. 299. 148 B ynomanyToH HHopMalHOHHO s3anucKe cKa3aHO take, 470 30 ceHTAGpA PyMBIHCKHH BOeHHHIA aTTaule B AxKape coo6uiHa 6puTaHcKOMy BOeHHOMy aTTallle 0 TOM, 4TO OH Nonyywa ykasanHe ot VW. Autonecky mepegatb nmocaHwe PyMBIHCKOro reHepawbHorO wITa6a, B KOTOPOM BbIpPaKaeTCH TOTOBHOCTh PYMBIHCKHX BOCHHHIX B/acTeH Ha OMpemeneHHEIX YCAOBHAX COTPYAHHYaTb C COW3HHKAaMH. Aurauiickoe npaBHTenbcTBO MpeaJarato BocnonbsoBaTEca 9THM J@MaplleM BOeHHHIX, 3€9BHB B TO K€ BPeMA, YTO «OT HHX MoTpe6yloT GesoroBopouHo KanuTyaaunH». Og- HaKO BBHAY «HeBO3MOXHOCTH OCyMecTBeHHA ee B HaCTOA- UHH MOMeHT, OHH (PpyMBIHCKHe BoeHHHe BlacTH. — H. J.) AOIwKHB OyLyT TeM BpeMeHeM MpeANPHHHMaTb HeKOTOpHe AKTHBHBIe Warn C UeNbiO CO3saTb AMA HeMUeB 3aTpyAHH- TelbHOe NOMOKeHHe>, a HMCHHO: COKPaTHTb H 3aep2KH- BaTb MocTaBky HeTH, 3epHa H Apyrux ToBapoR Tepmanun, OpraHH30BhlBaTb JHBEpCHH Ha KOMMYHHKallHAX THTsepOB- WeB, NpeKpaTHTb NOCKIIKY HOBLIX KOHTHHTeHTOB BOCK Ha COBETCKO-repMaHCKHA (poOHT H Ap. Tlpasuteapctso BeauKko6putanuu 3aaBH0, 4TO «OHO He MOXKeT pacCMaTpHBaTb OOpallleHHA PyMBIHCKOTO MpaBH- TeIbcTBa JO TeX MOP, NoKa OHH He GyfyT ampecoBaHHl Take mpaBputenbctBam Coegnuennpix Ll Itatos wu Coset- ckoro Co1o3a, H YTo TakHe OOpaleHHA JOKE 6bITb cye- #2, Tlosuyua Copetckoro mpaButeabcTBa oO STHM BoMpo- caM 6plla BbICKa3aHa B xofe HX O6cyxZeHHA 25 oKTAOpA 1943 r. HapKom wnoctpanHwx gen CCCP 3aapun: «A cqn- TalO MpaBHbHEIM Mpesnowenve r-Ha Ugewa o Tom, 4TO PyMBIHHa OmKHa OesoroBopoyHoO KaNHTyAHpoBaTh Nepex TpeMa Colw3HHKaMH... Uto KacaeTca BToporo Bonpoca — HacueT rpynmpt Manuy, TO ycTaHaBWBaTb Kakoii-1H60 KOHTaKT c 3TOM rpymnof B HacTOAUee BpeMA MHe Mpea- cTaBanetca Helenecoo6pasHHM. TloKa Heyero oxKHLaTb OT Manny. Hukakof nmomb3b oT TaKoro KOHTaKTa He 6yzeT, aTa rpynna Moka HHYero JaTb He MoxKeT»43, B xogze jaabHefuHx MeperoBopoB cTOpoHA! corjacu- lich “HeMe2eHHO HHOpMupoBaTb Apyr Apyra o BCAKOTO pola npoOux mpesmoxKenHAx MHpa, KOTOpHle OHH MOryT 242 Copetckni Cows Ha MexKAyHapodHNx KOHdepenynax..., T. 1, c. 300—301. 43 Tam oKe, c. 186. 149 TOAYYHT OT MpaBHTeMbCTBA, OTACAbHX FpyNNHPOBOK HH IMU, CTpaHl, c KOTOpoM 06a H3 Tpex CTOPOH HaXOMHTCA B COCTOAHHH BOMHEI, a TAaKKE «KOHCYATHPOBaTECA Apyr ¢ ApyroM, c TeM 4TOGbI cormacOBHBaTb CBOH JelicTBHA B OTHOWWCHHH MOAOGHEIX NpesormKenHiir2ss, Cropopynpocth 3aMaqHbX ep%Kap HM NpH3HaHHe HMH 3a Copetckum Colo3oM MepsoctenewHoro mpapa pellaTb BONpochl o MepemMHpHu c damiuctckoh Pymbinvei HKTO- BaJHCb peabHO cnoxKuBuelica, cutyanuel. Tocne pasrpo- Ma THTAepoBues nox KypcKom u OaMcTaTenbHEIX Nobex Kpachoi Apmuu B XoJe neTHero HacTyNueHHA CTamO ACHO, uTO COBeTCKHe BOHCKa paHbllle, ¥eM 3TO CMOrYT cfeNaTb aHI0-aMepHKaHCKHe COW3HHKH, OCTHTHYT PYMBIHCKHX rpanuu. Becnepcnektupuocth cenapaTHbix cgenoK c mpa- BuTenAMH qbauiucTcKoh PyMbIHHH Hc Tak Ha3blBaeMoit «ONNO3HUHOHHOA rpynnod Manny» Gpia ovepHAHoi. Bme- cTe ¢ TEM CBOeBpeMeHHOe MpeTBOpeHHe B XKH3Hb CPOPMYvIbI «Oe30ropopouHad KaNuTyAAUMA», NOAaranu npaBuTerbcTBa Beauko6putannn uw CILIA, nosponseT npegoTapaTHTb Bctynienue CosetcKoi ApMHH Ha TeppHTopuio Pympnuu, uero OHH HM OG6HBAaIHCb. Ha Mockosckoh KoncbepeHuHu MHHHCTpOB HHOCTpaH- HBX gen CCCP, CIA u Anraun 6pina npunata «Jlekna- paula weTHpex rocy2apctB mo sonpocy o sceobmeli Ge3zonacHocTH», CoracHo KOTOpoH MpaBHTeMbCTBa cO103- HBIX TOCyapCTB 3aABIANH Oo PeWIHMMOCTH «NposomKaTb BOeHHHe AeHcTBHA NPOTHB TeX Mep%KaB OCH, C KOTOPHIMH OHH COOTBETCTBEHHO HaXOJATCA B COCTOAHHH BOMHBI, NOKa 9TH JepXaBb He CO%KaT cBOero OpyKHA Ha OCHOBe 6e3- oroBopouHoh KanutTynAuHHy45, CpeaH MHorHx BONpocoB Ha KOHdepenunH Obl pac- cMOTpeH H Tako, Kak «Byzymee Tonbuu, [ynaiickux u BamkaHcKux cTpaH, BK04¥aA BONpoc KoHndexepauun». 3a- Nafuble AepKaBbl MbTanHch HaBaA3aTe CCCP naan cosga- HHA B MOCeBOeHHHe TOAN pa3sMHyHHx desepaunii rocy- Qapets B LentpanbHof u lOro-Boctoynoh Eppone, B oc- HOBe KOTOpOro exKaNo CTpeMeHHe aHI0-aMepHKaHCKHX MOAWTHKOB BOCKpeCHTb MpecnoByTHH «CaHHTapHBlii KOp- OH» Ha 3anagHbIx rpanHyuax CCCP. Ectectsenno, copet- ckaad Aelerauia BOCNPOTHBHNacb 93TOMy H BBIABHHYa 24 Copetckuit Cow3 Ha MexXAYHApOAHBIX KOHdepeHUiAX... T. 1, c. 186—187. 45 Tam xe, c. 347. 150 MpHHUMM, COrmacHo KOTOpOMy OCBOGO%KAeHHEIM OT FHTue- POBUeB MaJIKIM CTpaHaM yNOMAHYTOFO perHoHa 2OKHO 6bITh MpeocTaBNeHo MpaBo caMHM pelllaTb CBOH CyAb6H nocae BOAHE. B ann pa6oth Kondepenunu Ghia ony6nnkoBaHa oT HMeHH MpaButenpcts CCCP, CIA u Anraun «]lexnapa- UHA 06 OTBETCTBEHHOCTH THTMepoByeB 3a coBepulaemHe spepcTBa». Ova mposBydaa Kak rpo3Hoe mpesynpexse- Hve (pauiMctaM, G6ecuHHCTBOBaBLIHM B OKKYNHPOBaHHHIX uMH_cTpaHax?46, Cnycta Mecau, c 28 Hos6pa no 1 gexa6pa 1943 r., B Terepane cocToatach KoHdepeHuvA raaB npaBHTesBCTB CCCP, CLUA » Anrauu, Ha KoTopoi 6naromapa ycurHaM Cosetckoro Cow3a 68a _ sBiipaGoTaHa coraacopaHHan cTpaterua Tpex gepxas. B ony6nuKopanHot «lexnapa- UHH Tpex Jep%xKaB> TOBOPHAOCh, YTO CTOPOHE! “«MPHUITH K NOAHOMY COrsalleHHIO OTHOCHTeTbHO MacuITa6a H CpokoB onepauuii, KoTopble GyZyT NpeANPHHATHI c BOCTOKa, 3ama- a u wora»7, Kondepenuua no cytu oTsepraa 6ankaHcKHht BapHant Uepyniaa WB KayecTBe riaBHOH BOeHHOM 3ana4H CIIA « Axnraun yctaHoBuaa nogzrotosky onepauHH «Opep- alopa». Pewenua MockoscKoi u TerepancKoi Kkondepenunit ABHIHCh yapOM MO MlaHaM pyMbIHCKOH peakunH. Mu- HHCTp HHOCTpaHHEIX Zea Typunn P. Manemenkuoray mocae BosBpalleHua B Ha¥ane Hon6pa 1943 r. ua Kaupa, rae BCTpeTHICH C MHHHCTPOM HHocTpanHBIxX gen AHraHH A. Wnexom, ropopua A. Kpeusny, to «He cmMor ycubimatb ot Wena Kakux-nu60 yka3aHHii OTHOCHTebHO M.1aHoB col3HHKoB Ha BasKanax», a B OTHOWeHHH PymbIHHH OpH- TaHCKHi MHHHCTp MpAMo cKa3an emy: «Huyero He octaert- CA qelatb, Kak Kanuty1Hposatb». He npunecaa ytewenua PyMBIHCKOMy TlocnaHHHKy B Ankape H BTopas Gecenta c Manemenkuoray, cocToaBuiasca yxke mocne Terepanckoh Kondepenunw. Mavemenkvoray BMecre c mpe3HZeHToM Typunn V. Uneno B nayane gexa6pa 1943 r. sctpetuaca B Kaupe c Uepunnnem u Pysseaptom. Typeukuit munucTp ckazan Kpeusny, ¥To naanbt Uepunsaa o cosqannn dbestepa- 248 Coperckuii Cow3 Ha MexayHapoaHbix KoHhepenuuax.... 7. 1, ¢, 363—364. “7 Tam xe, T. 2. TerepaHckan KOHpepeHtiia pyKoBognte.tei Tpex aZepxas — CCCP, CUA 1 BeankoOputannu (28 Hoa6pa — 1 ae- ka6pa 1943 r.), COopumk aoKyMentop. M., 1978, c. 175. 151 uxn Baakavckux rocyfapcts He NonyynaH of06penua B Terepane u, Mo ero MHeHHIO, «HHKaKHe BOeHHBIe AeAcTBHA aHIIH¥aH H aMepHKaHues He 6yzyT NogroToBseHhi u Ocy- ujecTB1eHh! Ha BaikaHax». B 3amucKe, nonyyeHHoh Kpe- UAHY OT aHraHficKoro Nocta B TyplHH, C KOTOPEIM OH BCe 2Ke YCTaHOBH KOHTAKT, roBopHuocb, 410 AHTaHaA He CHH- TaeT BOSMOXKHBIM cOnHxKeHHe c PyMbinHel, Moka Ta He coraacutca Ha Ge3oropopoyHyio KanHTyrAWHIO™®, Uto6bl CKIOHHTb 3anaqHbe epxKaBbl K OTKa3y OT opmyabt 6ezorosopoyHoh KanHTyAUHH H BHITOproBaTb YCNOBHA, HCKO¥aBIIHe BCTyMIeHHe COBeTCKHX BOCK Ha TeppuTopHio PyMbnHH, B CepemuHe Hos6ps 1943 r. 10. Ma- HHy CoO6UlHA aHTaHiickoMy mpaBHTenbcTBy O 2KeTaHHH HalpaBHTb CBOerO CMelHabHOro MpesctaBHTenA B THe K. Buwosxy 418 meperosopos mo mosozy ycroBHi nepe- mupua®, Ho wu 9TOT DeMapul He Halllen oTKIHuKa B JIoH- none. BesycnewHo 3aKoH¥HAHCh TaKx%Ke akUHH, mpeaAnpuna- the B Manpune u CrokroabMe B pacuete HaliTH nommepx- Ky y aMepuKaHcKoh qunsomatuu. 14 non6pa 1943 r. Xeiitc B Gecege c C. [puropuy cka3an, uto y PyMBHHH ecTb CQHHCTBEHHEIM §=BBIXO,: Ge3zoropopouHad KanuTyAuHA. AmepukancKHi auniomMatT 3anBHa, YTO B Cay¥ae cormacna PYMBIHCKoe MpaBHTeIbCTBO O/JDKHO HanpaBuTb B Kaup BOeHHOTO Aeserata AA OGcyKReHHA MpakTHYecKHX Mep no ocyllectBieHHi0 nepemupuf. B CroxronbMe Hany noayuna ot [Koucona Tako# 2xe oTBet. Ho pyMblHcKHe (paulHcTcKHe MpaBHTeIH He XOTEJH BePHTb, TO 3TO ABIA- €TCA 3AKJIOUHTEIbHHIM C/IOBOM aHTIWuaH WH aMepHKaniles, uTO MocmeqHHe onyctaT copeTcKHe Boiicka Ha BaKannl. 20 gexa6pa 1943 r. coctoamacb ouepeqHaa scTpeya Tpuropuy c Xeficom. M. Antowecky c BeqoMa KOHAyKaTOpa nepeda.1 cormacne PyMblHHH KaNHTyTHpoBaTb MpH yculo- BHH, UTO COCTOWTCA BHICaMKa aHT0-aMepHKaHCKHX BOCK ua Ba.kaHcKom Mosyoctpose win TyplHa BcTyNHT B BOM- HY Ha CTOpoHe aHTHIHTAepoBcKoh KoatHnHH25?, B sro Henapuctu K Crpane Copetos pyMbIHcKoe (pauwncTckoe MpaBHTeAbCTBO He TOAbKO He HCKasO NeperoBo- pos c CCCP, Ho no cyTH OTKIOHANO KakHe-2H60 NONBTKH k Hum. Mexay tem Copetckui Co13, KoToppii mposon- 218 Cretzianu A. Op. cit., p. 110—123. 4 FRUS, 1943, v. I, p. Sor, FRUS, 1944, v. IV, p. 133. 29 FRUS, 1943, v. I, p. 511, 512. : 152 2a HECTH [laBHY!O THKECTh GopbOw c (alllHcTCKHMH ro- cyAapcTBaMH H 6bI1 eMMHCTBEHHOM CTpaHo aHTHrHTAepoB- CKO KOanHUHH, PakTHYeCKH BOeBaBUeH Cc alllHcTCKOh PymblHHel, HMen BCe OCHOBaHHA BBICTaBHTb ef caMble TaxKeNble YCOBHA NepeMHpHA, HO He Nowlen Ha 9To. Ha- o6opot, npasuteapctBo CCCP ctapasoch o6nerauth Py- MBIHHH BHIXO, H3 BOMHBI, BOCCTAHOBHTb ee HallHOHaJIbHYy1O He3aBHCHMOCTb H OGelllao nowlepxkky B aHHy.MpoBaHHH BeHCKOrO AHKTaTa mo Bonpocy CesepHoi TpancusbBaHuH. Bo spema noceuenua Mocks B neka6pe 1943 r. 6uBuHi mpesHzent Uexocnopakun 9. Benem no nopyyenHio HeKo- TOPHIX KPyroB PyMBIHCKOA Gyp2kya3HH?5! 30H qHpoBan Nou- BY OTHOCHTeIbHO ycaoBHi Bhixoqa PyMbiHHH 43 BOHHE. Ou otmetua, uto HW. B. Craawn o6eman Ha MHpHOM KOH- qepenunn notiepxatb PyMHHHIO B BoMpoce 06 oTMeHe BeHCKOrO AHKTaTa, a NO NOBOAy NepeMHpuA CKa3aq, ¥TO ei caenyet o6patutTbca c TakoH mpocb6oh o,HOBpeMeHHO KO BCeM TpeM COMO3HBIM CTpaHaM H C HHMH OO6cyAHTb yc- JIOBHA BHIXOMa H3 BOHHDI*>?, O nosuuun Cosetckoro mpaButerbctBa KiHuKe AHTOHe- cky, a Take «ONMO3HUHH» CTaO H3BeCTHO B KOHUe Je- ka6pa 1943 r. HenocpegctBeHHo ot Hany, yctaHopuBulero KOHTaKT C COBeTCKHMH QuMOMaTaMH B CtoKrombMe. B HHCTPyKUHH, NonyyenHo u3 Byxapecta, Hany 650 npen- 1OK€HO MPOLON%KaTb 3TH KOHTAKTH, «He CBA3HIBaA ceOa KOHKPeTHBIMH OOA3aTeIbCTBAMH, MOCKOAbKy KOHAYK3TOP Obl peuHTeAbHO HaCTpoeH cpa3y MOpBaTb KOHTAKTH C CopeTcKHM MpaBHTeJBCTBOM, CCH NO3HUMA 3aNaqHHX nep- ‘KaB H3MCHHTCAD23, TIpasuteau dawuctcKo Pymbinuu, KOTOpHe, Kak MpH- 3HaJcb Ha cyge B 1946 r. M. Antonecky u E. Kpuctecky, Bce CBOH JeHcTBHA, KacalollHeca MeperopopoB o mMepemH- PHM, cormacoBbipaH Cc THRepaMH «HCTOpHyeCcKHX» mapTHi, No-npexkHeMy HaseAHCh JOTOBOPHTbCA Ha aHTHCOBeTCKOA OcHOBe c 3aMaQHbIMH LepxkaBaMH WH MOOHTSCA OT HX MIpH- CbIKH B PyMBIHHIO aHI0-aMepHKaHCKHX BOfcK. STH Ha- exKAb BO MHOTOM MOffepxKuBatuch AeACTBHAMH 3anaq- HBIX JepxKasB. B geka6pe 1943 r. anrmo-aMepHkaHckHit 31 3, Beneut noaszepxipat cpasb c 10. Manny, I. Tatapecky ( apyruMn GypokyasHeIMit -leaTenaMtt. %2 Popescu-Pujuri I, Romania in timpul celui de-al doilea riz- boi mondial. — Anale, 1966, Ne 5, p. 58. 283 Hillgruber A. Op. cit., p. if. 153, wita6 nepenpaBHa Ha TeppHTopHio PyMBIHHH Tpex omuue- POB aHranitckoH pasBeQKH BO rlaBe C NoKOBHHKOM LLla- TeeHOM C 3aaHHeM YCTaHOBHTb IpaAMyto cBA3b c IO. Ma- HHY H MOATOTOBHTb yCNOBHA Aa Meperosopos. Cayynsocb Tak, YTO Pa3BeAYHKH ObIH CXBAYeHI PYMBIHCKHMH 2KaH- AapMamu. O ux mpH3emMaeHuH B PyMBIHHH CTaJo H3BeCTHO H THTAepopuaM. Ho H. Antovecky ne mepenman paspenyun- Kop aOspepy H axe MpeMOcTaBHA BO3MOXKHOCTb “1HLepaM «HCTOPHYeCKHX® NapTHA BCTpeTHTECA c LlateneHom. Be- CeAb MPOBOAHAHCh, eCTeCTBEHHO, C y¥aCTHeM 9MHCCapoB VM. Antonecky?, A. Kpeusny nuwet, ¥t0 mpucbiaka Lla- TeneHa Oblla paclleHeHa mpaBallel BepxylIKOH cTpaHbl KaK TOTOBHOCTb aHIIW¥aH H aMePHKaHueB OcyllecTBHTb AecaHtHyio onepauwio B PyMBIHHH H 4TO B AHYe Tpex AHIMHHCKHX OHUepOB NpaBHTeTbCTBO ero CTPaHH BHJeIO «MpeABecTHHKOB GyAyUHX OKKYyMalHOHHEIX BoitcK»?55, 19 anpapa 1944 r. Hany nonyaua yKa3anHe He npegnpH- HHMaTb HHKAKHX JaMbHeHUIHX WarOB B OTHOWeHHH mepe- TOBOPOB C COBeTCKHMH JHMIOMaTaMH, B pesybTaTe Yero Ha TOM 3TaNe NeperoBopHl 3armoxaH. Tlo cnopam Kpeusny, 31 suBapa HW. Antonecky nopy- 4HJ1 PYMBIHCKOMY BOCHHOMY aTTalle B OQHOH H3 HeiTpatb- HEIX CTpaH CBASATBCA C BOeHHEIM aTrawe CLIUA u nepezatp Bawuurtony, uTo PyMBIHHa He MOXKeT NocnesoBaTb MpH- Mepy Htanuu, «Tak Kak 3TO MpuBeszeT AMWb K OKKyNALHH ee TepMaHCKHMH BOMCKaMH, KOTOpHle BcKOpe GyfyT 3aMe- HeHbl copeTCKHMH. Korga anraniickue H aMepHKaHcKHe apMHH Mogoiigzyt K JlyHato, pyMBIHCKaa apmua G6yseT cTO- atb y JHecrpa uw OTOHBaTb atTakH Kpacnoi Apmun»5®, Vnentuunbe yka3aHHa a nmepemayn aHrao-amepHKan- CKHM AHNJoMatTaM nonyyHa u ®. Hany. Mexyy tem kK Hayany 1944 r. o6cTaHoBKa Ha cOBeTCKO- TepMaHCKOM poHTe OKOHYaTeAbHO CNOKHTACh B NOMb3Y Copetckoro Co1o3a, a mowoxKenHe dauiuctcKux apMuit 3aMeTHO yxyAllHsocb. B TeveHve AHBapa—tespara 1944r. Botcka JlenuurpagcKoro u BonxoscKoro poxToB nosHO- cTbiO cHawM Gnokany Jlennurpata, o4ncTHaH oT Bpara noyTH Bc JlenHurpagckyio H Kasnunuckyio o6aactu. B 3TOT 2%Ke NepHog Bolicka yeTEIpex YKpanHckux qpoutos B 24 Jle6edea H. H. Yxa3. cou. c. 449. 88 Cretzianu A. Op. cit., p. 135. 288 Cretzianu Al. The Rumanian Armistice Negatiations: Cairo, 1944. — Journal of Central European Affairs, -195!1, N 2, p. 244. 154 pesyibTaTe ycneliHo mpopezeHHx )KuTomupcKo-Bepsu- yesckoi, Kopcyxb-esyenkosckoit » PosHo-JlyuKoii Hacty- maTeIbHBIX ONepauni saBepuHnH ocBo6owKseHHe Kues- ckoi, JnenponetposcKoi u 3anopoxckot o6sactei, o4n- CTHJIM OT OKKynaHToB Bcio )KuTOMHpCKyI0, Goby! YacTb PosHeckoi x KuposorpagcKoi o6snactef, a Takxe pad paionosp BuxnHuyKol, HuKonaesckoi, Kameneu-Ilogonp- ckoi n Boabinckoi o6nacteii. B xoge 9THx Goes rpynnu- PoBKaM HeMeuKO-haulnctckHx BOCK Ha YkpanHe 6b HaHeceH OFPOMHBIM ypOH B 2XKHBOM CHJe H TeXHHKe. PpouT mpuOau3sHIcA K TpaHHlaM COBeTCKOM TeppHTOPHH, OKKYTIH- poBaHHow BoenHo-auinctckoh PymblHHei. «TpancHuct- Pua» cTana MpHdpoxToBLiM palioHoM. B pykosogauux Kpyrax CIA u BeauKxo6putanun yc- MeXH COBETCKHX BOCK B 3HMHeH KaMManun 1943/44 r., ux GbicTpoe nposBuxKeHHe Ha 3anaq BH3BaNH rayGoKyl0 Tpe- Bory. Bce oTyeTaHBee cTaHoBHsocb, 4TO BoopyxeHHble Cust CCCP B cocTosHHH He TO/JIbKO CaMH H3FHaTb Bpara 43 Mpefenop cBoeh CTpaHbl, HO H OCBOGOAHTh Haposbl Eppont ot apMa dauu3ma. Eume 19 nos6pa 1943 r., cae- aya B Kaup, npesuzent CLUA ®. Py3penbt ropopua cBoum Ha¥anbHHKaM wiTa6op, 470, ecaH coBeTCKHe BOMCKa B OamKaimmue ape Hefenn copcupywT Byr, on okamytcH Ha nmopore PympHun?5?, Cnycta Heckombko QHei Ha Ka- HPCKOH KOHepeHUHH OH MPAMO 3aABHA, YTO ecIH Jena B Poccwu nNoffyT Kak cefiyac, TO, BO3MOXKHO, 6yazyulei BecHoh BTOpo pont uw He NoHagoGuTcAss, BerpepoxkeHHble TaKHM pa3BHTHeM co6nITHH Ha Bo- CTOUHOM (PpOHTe H POCTOM peBOMIOUHOHHO-OcBOGogHTemb- Horo ABHKeHua Ha Bankanax, mpasauue Kpyru BeanKo- 6Oputanun u CLA metanuch B MoHcKax nyTe cnacenua MIpOrHHBWHX Ppe2XXHMOB B CTpaHax IOro-BoctouxHoh Espo- mibl. OcoGeHHo ycepACTBOBaH aHTaHiicKHe NOAHTHKH, HaH- Gonee 3aHHTepecoBaHHble B MOOX%KeHHH Jel B 3TOM perHo- He. C ogHoi cTOponbl, B AHNOMaTHYecKOH MepenncKe c HKU, CCCP onn npogomxKann mpH3HaBatb, 4TO, «No- cKO.bKy riaBHbi yqap BoeHHNxX ycuani PyMbinHH Ha- MpaBjleH MpOTHB COBETCKHX CHA H TaK Kak MocsleqHHe 6yayT, 10-BHAHMOMY, TepBLIMH COIO3HKIMH CHaMil, KOTO- 27 FRUS. The Conferences at Cairo and Teheran, 1943. Wa- shington, 1961, p. 259. 88 Pyseeaot 3. Ero raa3zamu. M., 1947, c. 161. Tlepesoa c an- raniickoro. 155 pple octurnyt Pympnun, Copetckoe mpapHteabcTBo 6yteT HIpaTb riaBHyl0 POAb B ONpemeneHHH Toro, KAaKHMH JOIK- Hb ObITb YCIOBHA NMepeMHpHaA C pyMbHamH»5®, C ppyroit CTOPOHB, He OTKA3aBLIHCb OKOHYATebHO OT MBICAH OCy- UleCTBHTb CBO «6aNKaHCKHt BapHaHT» HW Kelas BHIMTpaTb BpeMA, HEKOTOPHle aHIHACKHe AHMOMAaTHI C ABHOM LerbIO BbI3BaTb B PyMbIHHH HOBYIO BOJHY HaWHOHaH3Ma H aH- THCOBETH3Ma PAaCMpPoCcTpaHAAH MpOBOKallHOHHHe cAyxH O AKOOM GONbWHX TepPpHTOPHaIbHEIX TpeOopanuax CCCP K PympiHHn. PyMbIHCKHe pa3BebipaTetbHble opraHbl J0- K.laabiBatu 25 anpapa 1944 r., yT0 cormacHo coo6uleHHaM, noayyenHHbiM 43 II sefiuapHu, «aHrauficKoe MocombCTBO B Bepve nogrsepxkAaer mpexkHiol0 HHPOpMallHio oO TOM, 4TO Copetckuit Coio3 2KeaeT OKKyNHpoBaTb CBOHMH BOACKaMH Moanasuio (uMeetTcA B BHAY O6acTb Mexazy TIpytom x Kapnatamu. H. JI.) ¥, 10-BHXMMOMY, aHHeKCHPOBaTb Tlo6py axy>’ B rocygapctsenHom genaptaMente CIA nepe6upanucp Pa31NYHbe BapHaHTH pellleHHA «PyMBIHCKOrO BoMpoca>. Kak spcTByeT 43 aMePHKaHCKHX JHMOMAaTHYeCKHX JOKy- Mentos, 13 aHBapa 1944 r. esponefcKH oTgen rocyenap- TaMeHTa MpecTaBH Ha yCMOTpeHHe pyKOBOACTBa MmpoeKT mepemupua c Pympinnei. Ha nmeppoe MecTO BHABHTaocb TpeOopanne, uT06H PyMHHHA CcorlacHacb = <«3anaaTHTb Take pellapauHH UH pecTHTyWHH, Kakue noTpebyiot O6s- eannennble Haun, 4 BEIMOHATh T06be yKa3aHHA, TocTy- Naloulie OT OKKyMaUHOHHEIX BilacTe B uHTepecax O6benH- HeHHbIx Haunit»26). AMepHKaHcKHe MOAHTHKH Modaraan, uTO, YeM cypoBee GyAyT penapallHOHHbe H pecTHTYLLHOH- Hble YCIOBHA, TeM BepoATHEe, YTO OOHHUaBUaA H pa3o- pekkas sofhoi PyMbHua BbiHyxKgeHa GyzeT o6paTHTECA 3a nomoutpio K CIA. CTOpoHHHKOM NOAHTHKH HCM01b30BaHHA ~=3KOHOMHe- CKHX PBYaroB B Ka¥ecTBe TaaBHOrO OpyAHA yTBepxKAeHHA aMepHkaHCKoro rocnogcTsa B cTpanax Esponw siictynan w TorgawHut nocon CIA B Mockse A. Tappuman. On mluca.t B ToceMapTaMeHT: «...q CHHTaO, TO SKOHOMHYe- CKaA MOMOMMb — OZHO H3 HaH6omee acektTHBHEIX cpexcTB 359 Lr. no xu.: Hcpagaaa B. JI., Kytaxoe JI. H. [unaomatua arpeccopos. M., 1967, c. 330. 260 {tra MCCP, ¢. Muxkpodwapmet = pyMbIHCKIX gOKyMeHTOB. SSI. 25.1 1944. Nota speciala. °61 FRUS, 1944, v. IV, p. 140. 156 Aa OKa3aHuA BJHAHHA Ha eBponefickHe NomHTHYeCKHe COOLITHA B XKeNaTeMbHOM AMA Hac HanpaBreHHH H MoMO- 2K€T MpeAOTBPaTHTb co3fanHe cihep BHAKUA CoBeTcKoro Cowsa B Boctoynoi Espone u wa Baskanax. Bce pac- cMaTPHBaeMble cTpaHy, Bkm0¥an Coperckui Cows, 6yayT B Sombie HH MeHbUlef cTeneHH pa3zopenbl BoiHOK H HCKaTb Halle NOMOULH>*2, B conpoBoquTenbHOM AOKyMeHTe K yNOMAHyTOMy mpo- ekTy ycnoBHi nepemupua c tbawinctcKoH Pymbinuell, co- CTaBJIeHHOM eBponeficKHM OTJeOM rocwenapTameHta, nmog- HHMaJicA Bompoc u Oo GyfylleM mnpaBHTenbcTBe 9Tol ctpanbl. Esponefickuit orgen cuxtas, ¥10 coxpanenue mpa- BuTenbcTBa AHTOHeCKy «MOXKeT CMYTHTb OOmlecTBeHHOe MHeHHe B cTpaHax O6peguHenHx Haunt u B camo Py- mblHHH». «IlosToMy, — OTMeya OH, — a TakxKe BBHAY BO3MOKHOTO %KeMaHHA HCNOAb3OBaTb PyMBIHCKHe BOHCKa B Bote npotus TepmManuu, BeposTHo, ayume fo KanuTy.A- UHH HAH Mocne Hee 3aMeHHTh pexkuM AHTOHeCKy MpaBH- tempeTsoM Manuy—Bpstuany uau apyrof rpynnoi, Goree MmpeqcTaBuTenbHOH, ¥eM cyllecTBy!OUHA pexkuM...» Ho Bo Bcex cAy¥aAx TOCMeMapTaMeHT CYHTaI, 4TO 3TO MOMKHO ObITh HCKJIOUHTeENBHO MposanagHoe MpaButenpcTBo?®, 1 qespana 1944 r. B Ankapy mpu6ni1 nogznonkoBHuk aHrauiickoh paspenku Taq Matepcon, coo6uynswnit A. Kpe- usHY © COrmacHH aHTAO-aMepHKaHCKOro KOMaHJOBaHHA mpHHaTp B Kavpe mpegctaButena «onmo3HuHH> AIA Mepe- Topopos o nepemupun. Tipu sropof sctpeye c Kpeusny auraniicku MoAnonKoBHuK Gpocun Takyio ppasy: «jla- Bafite 3a6ymem Hall pasroBpop o Ge3ycnoBHow KanuTymA- UHH», HO TYT %e€ CKa3aJ, YTO MAKCHMYM, Ha YTO MO2KHO HafesTbca, — 9To no6uTecA oT Copetckoro Cow3a He mepecekaTb p. [Ipyt, HHBHIMH COBaMH, [a1 MOHATb, YTO OT NlaHop yyepxanua Beccapa6un nu CesepHoi Bykosunn mpugetca oTKa3atbca. Canosa Matepcona 6niH HCTO.KO- BaHBl KaK HaMeK Ha TO, 410 B PyMplHHio mpH6yzyT aHrao- aMepHkanckue BolicKa™. Tocne nomrux geGaTop Bce: AHMepH « naptui, Kopomb Muxah u HW. Antonecky — coulnuch Ha TOM, ¥TOObl B AHKapy HallpaBuTb AA mneperosopos c aHrio-aMepHkanuamu kxa3a B. LIrup6es, uasectuoro 262 Tam xe, c. O51. 263 Tam Ke, c. 145. 264 Cretzianu A. The Lost Opportunity, p. 125. 157 CBOIMH cBA3aMH B ANrauH. 3aTb Ww BHyK LITHp6en npo- 2*KHBatH B JIOHAOHe WH ABAAAMCh aHrAHACKHMH oduuepa- mu. H. w M. Antonecky oG6ecneyunu sue3q LItup6ea B Aukapy. PyMbluckan Oypxya3Hafa BepxylIKa 3Haa, 4TO MHCCHA Itup6ea He W3 JerKHX, HO He TepAla Halex, CroBopuTb- CA C AHTIO-aMepHKaHCKHMH HMMepHasHCTaMH Ha aHTHCO- BeTCKOH OcHOBe, ROGHTbCA BBOMa HX BOCK B PyMBHHIO ao BbIxona Kpacnoh Apmuu Kk J\nectpy. Ha 3amevanna OAHOFO H3 3aNaQHBIX JHNAOMATOB O TOM, 4TO BPAL AH CTOHAO HanpaBlaTp B AHKapy amuccapa 6e3 MOmHOMOUHA MoOAnucaTb akT oO KanuTyaaunn, Kpeusny oTBeTHa, 4TO PymbIHHA HadeeTcaA Ha pa3pHiB B OH xKaiiuee BpeMaA CO103- HuyeckHx OTHOWeHHH Bonrapun c TepManuei uw Bbicanky Ha 6onrapcko TeppHTOpHH aHraHiickHx BO/icK, Mepex KOTOPBIMH PYMBIHCKaA apMHA Ge30roBOpouHO KanHTy.H- pyet. OrHocuteabno Copetcxoro Coosa, Kak caeqyeT H3 oveceHia aMepHKaHckoro AuMoMata, Kpeysny cka3au: «PyMbIHHA CKOpee GyMeT CpaxkaTbca, YeM NO3BOAHT, YTOOL B HCTOpHIO Bolen chakT oO Ge3oroBopoyHOH KanuTy.IAWHH ee npaputenef nepeg Poccneh>. Kpeuany anu monatp, uTO HeT HaweKAb Ha MomBeHHe B O1HKahuIee BPeMA aH- Tl0-4MepHKaHCKHX BOCK BOTH3H PYMBHCKHX rpaHH HW 6bi10 6b AyUWe MOBepHyTb opyxHe NpoTus TepManuu 20 Toro, Kak COBeTCKHe BOlcKa MofofzyT kK rpanuuam PyMB- HHH?5, B ocHope 3THX peKOMeHZauHi, Hano Noaratb, On pacuet Ha To, 4TO PyMBIHCKOMY IIpHMepy NocaexyioT Ben- tpua w Bosrapua, xa Bohny mpotus TepmManuu peumtca TypuHA, H TeM CaMBIM 6yfyT co3qaHH OxaronpuATHBe YCIOBHA LA HHTePBEHWHH aHIIO-aMepHKaHCKHX BOCK Ha Bankanax. Ho, kak oTMeyayocb BHUe, H MpaBHTenbcTBo AHToHe- CKY, H ONMO3HUHA> MBICAWIH OCyUleCTBHTb Mepexon Ha CTOpoHy 3aMaQHbIx JepxKaB B CNOKOMHOM OGcTaHoBKe, 6e3 Toro, YTO6LI BCTYNaTb B BOOPYXKeHHHA KOHAHKT c THT- ‘lepOBUaMH, H MPHYPOYHT 3TOT MepexoA K BHIXOMy Ha Zywai anrno-amMepukanckux Bolick. Tako WHHHM OmKeH Obit MpHAepxXUBaTbCA B MeperoBopax Cc 3aNaQHHIMH COl03- Hukamn B. Wtap6ea. B nokymente, osarmapmennHom «Bon- poc o coTpyaHHyectse PyMBIHHH Cc COIO3HHKaMH. Tou¥KH °65 FRUS, 1944, v. IV, p. 148. 158 3peHiA ONNO3HWHH B OTHOLICHHH MeperoBopos MpaBHtenb- cTBa C COW3HHKaMH», KOTOpHI, KaK MoslaraeT pyMBIHCKHA uccaezopaTetb M. ®aty, 6bin Bpyyen 3anaqHBiM ‘mepxKa- BaM, MPA#MO CKa3aHO: «...KaK ONNO3HUMA, Tak H NpaBH- Te1bCTBO €AHHI B TOM, ¥TO He CuelyeT MpeANPHHHMaTb uu4ero TakOro, 4¥TO MornO Obl OCMaGHTb HeMeLKOe compo- THBeHHe B Poccuu, Moka cyulecTayeT nepcneKTHBa, 4TO alra0-cakcKHe BOficKa JOcTHTHyT PyMBIHHH panbule co- BeTCKHX». ToabKO Torma, KOra BHIACHHTCA, TO Tako nepcnekTHB HeT, xKKH H3 Hero: «PyMBIH- cKoe O6llecTBeHHOe MHeHHe oTAaeT ceGe OTYeT B TOM, ¥TO Pymbinna oGecneyna HeMelKHe BOeHHBIe HHTepechl Tak, Kak HH OfHO Apyroe OKKyNHpOBaHHoe HAH coWw3HOe rocy- apcTBo, H NOSTOMy OHA CHHTaeT BCAKOe HEMeKOe HeJO- BOMBCTBO HeCNpaBeANHBOCThIO WH HeMOHATHOH HeGnarogap- Hoctbio». HecKonbKo atbule ropoputca: «I Ipapaenie Mapulana AHTOHeCKy HfeabHO CayXUT BOeHHHIM moTpe6- HoctaM TepManui... PyMBIHCKHH 9KCNOpT NOYTH MONHOCTHIO Hanpapasetca B TepManuio... Pymbinckaad Heth Ha TpeTb NOKPbiBaeT BOeHHEIe MoTpe6uocta Tepmannu. Ycearosua onsaTH 3a Hee, Mpesoxwennbe PymblHHef, Sonee BbITOs- HBle, YeM Ana 060K apyro# crpany. Ecau npoanaan3n- pyeM MaHHble 06 aKTHBaX Pa3HUHLIX HEOKKYNHPOBaHHbIX 160 ctpan B BepanickoM KOMMeHCalHOHHOM 6aHKe, To 3ame- THM, 4TO aKTHBLI PyMBInHH Gombue cero BospocaH no cpaBHeHHioO Cc MpeabizyuumMu rogamu. TlogyepKuBaem, Ha- KoHeu, GecnpenaTcTBeHHyI0 JeATebHOCTh HeMeUKOrO Kanit- Tala Ha PYMBIHCKOM PbBIHKe...» B «Sanuck OTMeyaeTCA, YTO HH B OJHOM Apyrol cTpaHe «onmo3sHuHA» He BefeT ce6— TaK MHPHO, Kak B PyMbluun. «. B s3akaiovenne ynTaem: «BosbulHHCTBO eBpees MpHBseqe- HBI K BBINOJHEHHIO TPyAOBHIX MOBHHHOCTeH H paGoT BoeH- HOTO If 9KOHOMHYeCKOrO 3HaYeHHA, H OT 3TOFO B MepBy!o ovepedb Monyyaet Burogy TepManua. Hu B ogHot ctpane, kpome TepManuu, He NPHHATH OWI TakHe paqukasbHHe Mepbl 10 JHKBHJauHH BCAKOTO BAWAHHA H Kakoli-1H60 AesaTe.1bHocTH eBpeeB»?69_ Tutnep Mor 6bITb JOBOJbHEIM CBOHM MapTHepoM 110 aHTHCOBeTCKOM BOMHe, HO OH Tpe6oBan oT PyMBIHCKOrO colo3HHka elle 6onbuHX youn. Bo speMa 3anbi6yprcKkux neperoBopos @iopep cTapatca nox60xpuTb pyMBIHCKorO AuKtTaTopa uw y6eauTb ero, ¥To TepManus elle B cocTomHHH BecTH BOMHy Ha AByx ponTax H «cyenaeT BCe BO3MOK- Hoe, ¥TO6OH yaepxkaTb Kppim»?/°, Antonecky 3aBepus (p10- Pepa B CBOEM CTpeMJIeHHH Jo KOHIa cpaxkaTbca Ha CTOpo- xe TepManun. B xoge Gecegn Tutrnep MHoro ropopHa o HenosbHocTH Bexrpuu, Ho He cTaq nocBalllatp Antonecky B CBOH MaHbl OKKyMallHH ee HeMeLKHMH BOficKkaMH. H na cei pa3 NONHTKH KOHAyK9TOpa AOOUTECA OT iopepa oTMe- Hb peweHH BeHCKOro QuKTaTa O TpaHcHabBaHHH He 79 JIA, . MuxpoduabMel pyMBHCKHX joKyMeHToB. Dosar: Externe. Diverse strict secret. 1944. Nota privitoare la atitudinea Romaniei fata de Germania in comparatie cu atitudinea si mani- festarile {arilor ocupate si aliate. 70 Hepasaan B. JI., Kytaxoe JI. H. Yxa3 cou., c. 334, 335. 162 yBen4uaaich ycnexom. Tutmep onacanca, 410 39THM OH copcem oOTTOWKHeT Benrpuio oT cow3a c Tepmanueit. @awnctcKHe DHKTaTOpHh paccTamHch MOAHHIe peuln- MocTH BecTH BOofivy mpotHs CCCP go Konya. K MomeHTy 3a.1b\GyprckHX MeperoBOpoB paccTOMHHe oT AHHH porta O PYMBIHCKHX TPaHH COCTaBAANO elle HECKObKO coTeH ku.1oMeTpos. Kouayk9Top Moka Hafeaica Ha KaKHe-TO BHe- WHeNOTHTHYeCKHe MepeMeHHI, KOTOPble NO3BOAT eMy H3- 6exkaTb Katactpodpl. Ho, Kak YacTo cyyanoch B nocaen- HHA Tod, MporHo3sbl wu MvlaHbl cbauincTcKHxX npaBuTeret pywHancb Mom ylapamu Kpacnoit Apmun. To xe mpous0- W10 H Cpa3y Mocae 3aqbu6yprcKow BcTpeyH. Fnasa ill YCHNEHKE NOMTHKH HACHIMA H TPABEKA HA BPEMEHHO OKKYNHPOBAHHOA TEPPHTOPHH. NOAbEM HAPOQHOA GOPbEbI Tlocne nopaxenua nog CraavHrpaqom pyMblicKHe BOCHHO-PallucTCKHe MpaBHTeqH, NOTepAB yBepeHHOCTh B no6eqHOM HCXOze BONE! H CTPeMACh BOCNOAHHTb orpom- Hble 3aTPaTH Ha BOHHY, TOPOMHAHCh BHKaYaTb KaK MO%KHO Sorbie 6oraTcTB c OKKYNHPOBaHHEIX COBeTCKHX TeppHTO- pu. Sto ocyulectBAANOCh MyTeM YCHJeHHA BHIBO3a MaTe- PHabHEIX WeHHOcTef#, Hanoroporo mpecca, MpHHyAlTeAb- Horo Tpyaa. ['napuelit ynop genanca Ha orosenuve B nep- By!0 ovepedb «TpancuucTpuH», u6o ecau Beccapa6uo 1 Bykosuny, Kak Oblo patee moka3aHo, mpaBHTeH ¢ba- wuctcKoh PyMHHHH HageaHch yJepKaTb C MOMOLLbIO 3alafHblxX CTpaH, TO B BO3MOKHOCTh aHHEKCHH TeppHTOpHH mMexay Byrom u J[nectpom ont Maso Bepxau. Ha 3ace- anuu mpaputenpetsa 17 Mapta 1943 r. UH. Antonecky euje pa3 HanoMHHa: «TpaHcHHcTpHa — OKKYyNMpoBaHnan TeppuTOpHa, OHA CAyKHT OKKyMaHTaM, a OKKyNaHTaMIl aBasemca Mbt. Hy2kHo, CreqoBaTeIbHO, MaKCHMAJIbHO 9KC- nyaTHpoBaTb 3Ty TeppHTopHioy'. Ecau go Konua 1942 r. TipaBHTenH BoeHHO-pawuctckoh PyMbHHH, HalerHBas CBOHX MOJYHHEHHEIX Ha rpa6ex, He 3a2YMBBatHch 06 OTBETCTBEHHOCTH 34 COfemHHOe, TO Nocne CTanuurparcKoit OuTBbI, Kora HaBHCAa yrpo3a nopaxkenus, OHH cTpeMH- JHCb 3€MeCTH Cileqbl CBOHX MpectynenHi. Bo3aaB 10.1%- Hoe ryGepHatopy «TpaHcuuctpun» Anekcany 3a qeATenb- HOCTb No orpaGseHHIO BO3sTaBAAeMOrO HM ryGepHaTopcTBa B 1941—1942 rr., WH. Antonecky cka3aq: «...6e3 9KOHOMII- yecKoro BKafa TpaHcHHCTpHH MbI nepexuan Obl ocTpbIit SKOHOMHYECKHA KPH3HC, KOTOPbI BbIsBaN Gb COMHaTbHBIE BoHeHHa B PymblHHH... HykHO 6patb 43 TpaHcHHcTpHi ‘UPA MCCP, 6. 706, on. 1, 4. 787, 1. 141—142. 164 Kak MOKHO 6ombule, HO He OCTABAATb 3a cO6oM ROKyMeH- tbl, UTOOb! He MOrAH PyCckHe 3aBTpa BbITaLHTb H Nperb- ABHTb HX HAM 3a CTOAOM MeperoBopoB>?. Oco6ble yka3aHHaA OblIH aHH OTHOCHTeNbHO yckope- HA BbIBO3A «BOCHHHIX TpodeeB», K KOTOPBIM OKKYMAaHTH OTHOCHAH O60pyfoBaHHe MpOMBIWIAeHHEIX mnpeanpuaTHit, me6e.lb, XHMHKaTHI, GyMary, KpaCKH, 2ke1e30-cKOOsHble H3- ela, WIKOMbHbIe H KaHWeNApCKHe TOBapH, MpOH3BeAeHHA HckyccTBa, My3eiiHble peHKBHH HT. a. Hx otnpaBKoit 3aHHMadHcb fo Konua 1942 r. «OmeccKan cnyK6a 3axBaTa H c6opa Tpodees» HW Tak Ha3biBaeMble «. B wensx ycunenua rpaG6exa no yKasanuw H. Antone- cky 10 oxta6pa 1942 r. npw Munuctepctse HauHonasbHon O6opoHbl BoeHHO-pawucTcKoh PyMbHHH G6bIa co3qana «Cayx6a Tpoees» u paspa6oTana HHCTpyKWHA O Pyik- UHAX 3TOFO OpraHa, B KOTOPOH cka3aHo, ¥TO ryGepHaTop- ctsam Beccapa6us, Bykopuna u «TpaHcHucTpHa» BMeHA- etTca B O6@3aHHOCTb «coo6uHTh MunuctepcTBy HallHoHab- Holt O6oponbt — «Cryx6e Tpotees» — 0 HaNHIHH TI06HIX TpodeHHbix MaTepHasloB Ha TeppHTOPHH COOTBeTCTBYIOMIHX MIPOBHHUHH, KOTOPble MOXHO OTMPaBHTb B rayOb cTpanh, B nayane 1943 r. H. Antonecky mpuka3a1 co3qaTb npH Kaxk40M ry6epHatopctBe «4. Tleppoctenenvoe 3Ha¥eHve MpHZaBanoch BbIBO3y Npo- MBILUIeHHBIX MpeAMpHATHA H3 ry6epHatopctsa «TpaHcHu- ctpua». B crenorpamMe 3aceqanua «BoenHo-rpamxsanckoro KaOuHeTa ua agmMunuctpaunn Beccapa6un, ByKosunbl 4 Tpancnuctpun» (KBBT) ot 20 anpapa 1943 r. Ha 3T0T cueT cKa3aHo: «Te, KoTOpHe GyAyT OCyUeCTBIATb HX 9Ba- Kyauii0, HecyT OcO6y!o OTBETCTBEHHOCTh epex mpaBu- TeABCTBOM HW HallHeli. OTH MpeANpHATHA Hy2KHO pasMe- CTHTb B XOPOWHX MeCTaX H TOTYAaC Xe MYCTHTb B SKCIya- Tai, YTOON NOAYYHTh OT HHX MAaKCHMaAbHyIO Momb3y>. Zlanee untaem: «I'y6epHatopcTBo cocTaBHiO HOBRIA nian ? Tam Ke, 4. 133. 3 Instructiunea N 39124 din 27 Decembrie 1942 pentru organi- zarea gsi functionarea Serviciului Capturarii, Dirijarea si depozitarea materialelor capturate. Cestionarea, verificarea, distributia si eva- luarea materialelor. Sanctiuni, p. 9. 4 UTA MCCP, o. 706, on. 1, a, 582 a. 7. © Tam xe, a. 18. 165 (BuBo3sa. — H. JI.), KoToppii Obl mpeacTaBseH Mapuia- ay»®, CormacHo 3TOMy «HOBOMy» MlaHy, cocTaB.1leHHoMy B KoHUe 1942 — Hayane 1943 r., H3 «TpaHcHHcTpHH» Nofsjexkann BHBo3y 63 mabpuku Hu 3aBoma. Cy no oT- ueTy GbiBulero PpyKOBOAHTeNA «opranHsalni z-1» Kacua- Ha, 00 26 noma 1943 r. v3 «TpaHcHucTpHH» 6HI0 oTMpaB- aeHo B Pymplnnto 26 cbabpuk u 3aBogoB. B otyete Takxe cka3aHo, ¥To OGopyAoBaHHe elle NATH MpeANpuATHA «ro- TOBO K OTMPaBKke», a UpyrHx BOCbMH «HHBeHTAPH3HpoBa- Ho»?, B cBognof BefomoctH, coctaBeHHo «Cnyx6om Tpo- dees», oTMeyatocb, 4YT0 No 5 aBrycta 1943 r. B Crapoe KoposescTBo 680 BHIBe3zeHO 40513 BaroHOB «BOeHHEIX Tpotees» o6ulef cToumocTbio 33105,9 MaH. teen un 3302 BaroHa Ha cyMMy 3969 MuJIH. meeB NOATOTOBeHH K OT- mmpaBke H BPeMeHHO HaXOMATCA Ha CKaqax B ryOepHaTop- crpax®, JlaHHble 3TH JaeKo He nogtHHe. PykoBogHTe.b «Cayk6nl Tpodees» norKoBHHkK Kupnan yka3biBan B CBOeM OTYeTe, YTO HMeIOTCA MaTepHaH, KOTOpHe 6bI.1Ir TlepeqaHbl NpOMBUITeHHEIM OG6beMHHEHHAM H YaCTHBIM mpeanpuatuamM 6e3 mpezBaputenbHoh HHBeHTapH3aluu, Tak KaK OHH OBI B3ATH 20 co3qanua «Cayx6n Tpode- eB», T. e. 20 OKTAGpA 1942 r.9 Bonbpuime ycuaua dauiuctckwe 3axBaTYHKH MpHaaraan ANA U3bATHA 6e3 OCTATKOB MPOAOBOMLCTBEHHEIX H CHIpbe- BbIX pecypcos. K efcTByIOWlHM MpHKa3aM jo6aBHAHCh Hopbe, Tak, NoctaHoBnewHem ry6epHatopcTBa «TpaHcHi- eTpus» oT 31 geka6pa 1942 r. «sca mepcTb, Nomyyennaa OT CTPHXKKH OBell, GapaHoB H ATHAT®, a TaKxKe XJONOK, nyx W Mpaxka 6huM OGbABeHH NepemenWHMH B pacnops- xKeHHe [paxkfancKoro ry6epHatopctBa’. Jina BHABAeHA HM oyyeTa CeNbCKOXO3AHCTBCHHBIX pecypcoB 5 despala 1943 r. Ha4¥anacb HOBas Mepenuce CKOTAa, NTHUB H y1beB!!. ® LITA MCCP, o. 706, on. 1, a, 582, 1, 121. 7 Tam oKe, a. 7. ® Tam xe, a. 894, 0, 1-5 (cm. rpagukw Ne 2 1 3). Or- Mpapaennbve OuiaH —_-pacnpeaeneHti caeayio- UHM 06pa30M: BoeHHLIM BaactaM — 14678 BaroHOB CTOHMOCTbIO 15021 MaH. neeB, rpaxkqaHcKHM yupexmeHHAM H BeOMCTBAaM — 23851 paron Ha cymMy 17196 MaH. .eeB, YaCTHEM uM — 1984 BaroHa cTOHMOcTBO 888, MH. aeeB. ° Tam xe, a. 13. © Tam 2Ke, a. 37, 1. 13. " Tam xe, o. 814, on. 2, x. 3, a. 71. 166 Tlocne atoro 6binu oTo6pany 3000 syumux mnuyenMHEx yabeB H_«B COOTBETCTBHH C MlaHOM OCHallleHHA eBATH yesnos Jlynafickot paBHuHw» oTnpaBrenn B PyMmbHuto!2, 18 anpena 1943 r. Anexcany o6baBHa, 4To Mognekat cave -OKKYNaHOHHHIM BilaCTAM !®, B oqHOM H3 ero OTYeTOB ropoputca: «C | ‘centa6pa 1942 r. go 31 mona 1943 r. OTMpaBKH B CTPaHYy 3ePHa, NPOAOBONLCTBHA MH Pa3.1HUHBIX MaTepHaOB MpPOBOAHAHCh =©yCKOpeHHBIMH = TeMmamui»!7, Ycepaue Anexcany Gio oTMeyeHO elle Ha 3acelaHHH KBBT 12 espana 1943 r. OnuH 3 OTBeTCTBeHHBIX pa- 6oTHHKOB 3TOFO MpaBHTeNBCTBeHHOTO opraHa SAManaH, B uacTHocTH, cka3an: «Kak 9 y2ke ropopua, 43 Tpancnict- 12 Tas Ke, a. 585, 1. 378. 3 Tam xe, cp. 413, om. 1, a 16, 1. 42. 4 Tam xe, $. 706, on. 1, 2. 19, 7. 130. 8 Tam xe, . 411, om, 1, a. 82, a. 246. 6 Taw xe, &. 706, om. 1, 1. 588, a. 42. 7 Tam oKe, a. 518, 1. 106. 167 Pun 6blio MpHBezeHo MuHoro 3epHa. W3 cra c AHWHHM TBICAY BarOHOB OCTaOCb elle B3ATb 57 THIc. C yyeToM NOTpe6Hoctefi AHCIOUMPOBaHHEIX TaM BOMiCK HYKHO elle nepesestu 30 Tic. BaroHoB»'®. JloponeH 6b H KOHAYK3- Top. 17 wna 1943 r. on HanHcan Ha AOKNagHOH 3amHcKe Aaexcany: «Bez tex 53 Tic. BaroHOB 3epHOBbIX, mpHBe- 3eHHEIX 43 TpaHcHHcTpHH TombKo c ceHTa6paA 1942 r., B cTpane 6bla 6b cTpamHbli Kpu3uc. Ecau jo6aBHTb K STOMY... OTMeYeHHBIe B OTYeTe TOBAPHI, HaXOAAMHeCA Ha cklagqax, a TakxKe AOXOZM, yKa3aHHbile Muxuctepctsom uHaHCoB OT pa3sHHUbl UeH MPH peatH3al\HH MposoBombcT- Bis 43 TpaHcHucTpHH (TaGaka, BOAKH, caxapa), KOTOpHle, ecan @ He owH6arcb, AocTuraoT 10000000000 sees... to He MOry He BLIpa3HTb ray6oyaiuyio NpusHaTerbHOCcTD r-HY Anekcany, 410 6bl TaM HH ToBOpHsH GecnoMOUIHBe creT- HHKH H 3aBHCTHHKH, KOpOTalollve BpeMA B Kade>!®, Crporve yka3aHuA 06 ycueHHH «3aroTOBOK H OTMpa- BOK» 3epHa H MposoBompctTsuA B Pymbinnio NonyyHaH Tak- xe ryGepHatopy: Beccapa6un u Bykosunnt. Coraacuo ot- uety ry6epHatopctsa Beccapa6us, c 1 aprycta 1942 r. no 15 mwa 1943 r. B PyMbinHio 6bln0 BHBeseHO 31 662 BaroHa 3epHa, NoAcomHyxa, Kaptoena wu MpyrHx cenb- CKOXO3AACTBEHHHX MpOAYKTOB. Ha ocwope MaTepHasoB, MpeActaprenHblx ry6epHatop- cTBamu, KBBT coctaBHu.io cBOAHYyI0 BeEAOMOCTb O «BKJIaqe» Beccapa6un, BykoBHHb! H «TpaHcHHCTpHH» B 3KOHOMHKY Pympinun go | aprycta 1943 r. B gokymenTe oTMeyaetca, uTO JaHHBle «HenomHbie». TombKo u3 ry6epHatopcts Bec- capa6ua uw «TpaHcHucTpua», Kak CalemyeT H3 3TOH BelO- MocTH, B PyMBIHHIO GIO OTMpaBaeHO: 3epHOBLIxX — 75287 Barovos, mpogzosonpcTBHa — 8032, ypaxka Hu opouwe — 6422 Barona, ckoTra — 96118 ronoB, KoxKH — 171009 eguHHu, nTHuBt — 72665 ronoB, mApyrHx ToBa- pos — 8389 paronos. Kpome Toro, 418 «colw3HBxX» apMHii (pyMBIHCKOH, HeMeNKOH, BeHTepCKOM, HTAIbAHCKOH) B 3THX oe ry6epHaTopcTBax 6bIO H3bATO: s3epHoBLIx — 45341 Baron, Mmpofosoabctsun — 7454, dypaxka uw opomeh — 65912 paronos, ckota — 360570 ronos, ntuubl — 842769 TotoB 4 T. 02° CTouMocTb oTmpaBreHHbIx B PyMBHHIO '8 LFA MCCP, ¢. 706, on. 1, a. 582, 2. 106. 19 Tam Ke, a. 52, 4. 82. Tam oKe, a. 945, 2. 1. 168 MPOJOBOABCTBEHHEIX Hi C@bCKOXO3AHICTBEHHHIX TOBAapoB OleHHBaeTCA B BeOMOCTH B 50 MApZ. -1eeB. B ycnopusax nopaxkenuit Ha spoute, Korma ocyllectB.1e- Hue MporpaMMbl KONOHH3aUHH WH PYMBIHH3aUHH OKKyMHpo- BaHHOA TeppHTopHH cakTHYeCKH CpbIBaOcb, KIHKa AHTO- Hecky pellvla MpHcTyNHTb K ycKOpeHHoh pacnpomaxe tak Ha3bIBaeMOH ?s, Tlogo6uble Aonecenua NoctynanH oT MeCTHBIX BwacTeli MHOFHX TOPOJOB H Cel OKKYMHPOBaHHBIX COBeETCKHX Tep- PHTOpHA, a NpHBOAHMBe B HUX KOHKpeTHHe (pakTbl cBHJe- TeIbCTBOBAH © TOM, ¥YTO BeC OTMPaBAeMOrO UTA MCCP, ¢. 706, on. 1, 3. 16, 2. 429 06. 7 Tam xe, 2. 433. 170 Ba «TpaHCHHCTpHaA», — KOMMYHHCTHYeCKOe mosnoAbHOe apuxKeHHe B TeyeHHe sAHBapa 1943 r. mporpeccupyeTt»?s, Tlanee B oTyeTe oTMew¥aeTcA, YTO B «Ogecce, Tupacnone?® H Mpyrux HaceweHHBIX NyHKTaX ObIH pas6pocaHb! Ha yaH- Wax MOAMObHble AKCTOBKH, HaNHcaHHBe Ha MalIHHKe H OT PyKH, B KOTOPLIX BOCIPOH3BOAATCA CBOAKH H KOMMeH- TaPHH COBETCKHX PaHOCTaHUWA Oo XOfe BOeHHHIX onepa- unit», B MapToBcKoM oTyeTe ryGepHatopctsa «TpaHcHH- CTpHa» c TpeBoroi coo6ulaeTca, YTO B AHCTOBKaX «Hace- JeHve MpH3blBaeTCA MpATATb CKOT H 3€PHO, YHHYTOKATb MOCTbI H HallaflaTb Ha OKKyMalHOHHble BOAcKa>, a «%, @axtopom orpoMHoro 3HayeHHa, cnoco6cTBoBaBLIHM NOMbEMY AKTHBHOFO COMPOTHBeHHA OKKyNaHTaM, ABHACb Maccoso-MomuTHyeckaa paGota LIK KI1(6) Yxpanne, LK KII(6) Moagasun, Ykpaunckoro wita6a napTu3ancKoro apwkenua (YIUIIZ) u ero MongascKoro otgena (co3zaH B feka6pe 1942 r.), wta6op wu nonutTopraHos apmuit IOx- Horo qppoHta cpeqH Hacenenua tora YkpanHy u Mosgasun. % Paaancbka Bykosuna. 1940—1945. Jloxymentn i matepiaan. Kunis, 1967, c. 221, 222; OTA, >. 30, on. 4, a. 394, a. 7; . P-307, a. 1131, a. 2, 3. 33 LITA MCCP, @. 112, on. 2, a. 51, a. 20. ™ HukonaesuiHHa B roan BennKol OreyectsenHof point 1941 -— 1945 rr. ‘lokyMente! H MatepHatw. Oxecca, 1964, c. 171—173. 172 Macuita6et 3Tof paGotbl pesKo Bo3pocaH nocae CraqHH- rpaadcKoi 6uTBbl. PeryaapHo ctanH MpousBogHTbcA 3a6po- CKH B 3TH PaHOHbI AHCTOBOK, BO33BaHHH, MpHKa30B Bep- XOBHOrO Tapnoxomanayiouero Kpacuoii Apmun, undop- MaUHOHHBIX MaTepHasiop («Bectu_c Copetckoi PoaHHE>, «Utorit aByx Jet BoHEI> H Op.), O6pamenni aHTH@aucr- CKAX MHTHHTOB Mpedctasutereh tpyaauuxca YkKpannpl 1 Moaaasun. Bonee apdextusHo ucnO01b30Ba0Ccb B MaCCOBO-NOsII- TuYecKoH pa6ote pamuopellanue. C secup 1943 r. Kpome Paguoctanuni «Pagancbka Yxpaina» u umenu T. I. Lep- uenko Ha YkKpane HaYana pellaT ctanuna «LHinpo»*®. OcyulecTBneMble S3THMH PaqHOCTaHUMAMH MepeqayH oKa- 3bIBaIH BAHAHHe H Ha Gopb6y TpyAAWHXCA yKPaHHCKHX o6nactei, OKKyNHpoBaHHBIX dauiuctcKod Pympnneii®s. Moanasckaa pegakuna mpu Bcecoiw3HoM pagHoKoMHTeTe OpraHH30Bata Nepexayw JA TpyAAUHXcA pecny6HKH nod alo3yHtom «Mongapua Gpina Hu GyzeT copeTckoli!» IIposo- AWIMCh OHH Ha MOJMaBCKOM ‘3HIKe MATb pa3 B JeHb, B TOM 4HCAe ODHH pa3 Nog cneuHanbHoh py6puKoit: «ITepe- aya Jaa naptu3an»*’. B nepeqayax 218 BpeMeHHO OKKy- MHPOBaHHEIX TeppHTOpHH yYaCTBOBaTH pyKOBOLAUIHe Map- THHHBIe H CoBeTCKHe pa6oTHuKy YCCP u MCCP, opox- TOBHKH, NepesoBble paGouve H KONXO3HHKH, JeaTenH Hay- KH H KyJIbTYypB. Caoso napTHH, ee MpH3HBH H COBeTH OXOnHIH 10 TPYAAULHXCA BPeMeHHO OKKYNHpOBaHHO TeppHTOpHH, cnoco6cTBOBaIH aKTHBH3aHH HapogHoh Gopp6u. «Co3qa- etca BleyaTsenHe, — 4nTaem B « KHWHHeBCKOH cHrypaHub 3a Mai 1943 r., — 470 B NoculeqHee BpeMA KOMMYHHCTHYECKHe 37eMeHTH YCHAWAH cBOIO JeATeAbHOCTb. B cBA3H C OTCYTCTBHEM LeHTPambHOrO pykopogctBa B Beccapa6uw WMH pyKOBOAHT H MpH3bBaeT kK Jefictauam Mocksa yepes copeTcKHe pafHocTaHIHH H pa3Hble NHcbMeHHHe O6pallenua, cOpactiBaemble c caMo- anetop (AHcTOBKH, C6pouleHHie B HOU, c 14 Ha 15 maa % Yxpanucxan CCP B Beankoh OteyectseHHoA Bofine Cosetckoro Cowsa 1941-1945 rr., 1. 2. Kues, 1975, c. 20 % Panancbka Bykosuna. 1940—1945, c, 255. 37 Moanasckan CCP B Beawxot OrevectsenHoft solixe CosetcKo- ro Cowsa 1941—1945 rr. COopHitk 10KyMeHTos u MatepHaaos, T. 1. Knumnes, 1975, ¢. 311. 173 cero roga)»*8. H3 AOKyMeHTOB OKKYNalHOHHBIX BylacTeh ABCTBYeT, YTO OCOGeHHO Gonbioe pacnpoctpaHeHHe nosry- una JuctoBKa «Belite spara c Thal», B KoTopoH LIK KII(6) Moagasun u npaButeabctBo pecny61HKH coo6ula- anu 06 ycnexax Kpacnoi Apmun Ha cppontax BofHn, 3a- BepHaH TpyAaunxca, TO «I HTAep H ero PpyMbIHCKHe MmpH- CNewHHKH Ge3HazexKHo mpourpatu BowHy> H «HenaneK ToT ac, Korfa Kpacnan Apmua npuset B ropona x cena Moagasun>. Hapog mpu3pipanca He MaTHTb HasoroB H He CMaBaTb OKKYMaHTaM Ce/bCKOXO3AACTBEHHHIX mpomyK- TOB, Ca6OTHPOBaTb BCe HX MepoNpHATHA, NoMoratb Kpac- Holt ApMHH «rpoMHTb HeHaBHCTHBIX BPparoB coBeTcKorO Hapoza»®, B ynomanyTom 61osmeTeHe KHUIMHeEBCKOM CHTypaHubr CkKa3aHO, 4YTO B pe3yAbTAaTe cOBeTCKOM NponaranszH «caGo- THPyIOTCA J06bie MePpONPHATHA a/MHHHCTPaTHBHOTO No- PAXKa, OHH MOCTOAHHO CPpaBHHBalOTCA C MePpOnpHATHAMH, npopoguMbimu CosetaMH, edaiotca He6marononyyHble ANA Haulero pexkHMa BHIBOAH, HCNOMb3y!OTCA OWHOKH Me- CTHBIX PYKOBOAILHX OpraHos>. B o6ctaHoske pocta ocso6o,uTenbHoro ABuxKeHHA IK KII(6)¥ « LK KII(6)M pa3pa6otanu Mepbl mo ycraHoB- “eHHt0 MpaMOM cBA3H C MOMNOADHEIMH oOpraHH3allHaMH Moagasun, 3anagHBlx HW loro-3anagHWx oOnacteh YxpanHy B We1ax OKa3aHHA HM HeoOxogHMoH NomomH. B onepa- THBHOM MaHe GoeBHXxX jeCTBHA mapTH3aHCKHX OTPALOB Ykpanubl Ha BeceHHe-reTHHA Mepwon 1943 r. HeneranbHEit 38 LITA MCCP, @. 680, on. 1, a. 4657, a, 79. Ynomanytie aH- CToBKH, 3a6pouleHHbe Ha TeppHTopHiO MongaBHH B cepeaHHe Maa 1943 r., NoayaHaH pacnpoctpaHenve BO MHOrHX cenax, B 4AaCTHOCTH Byxkop, Kpxxoso, Kpxctemts, Yonsenu, Anopentt Kuwwxesckoro yesaa, Byab6oxa, Kap6yxa, Tanrypa, Typa-Buxynyf, Tanmas Ben- Qepckoro yeaa, Enypenu, Kaamauyi, Moraneuwta KarysbcKoro yesna, a Take B r. Kotoscke. CnycTa Mecall OKKyNallHOHHBe BaacTH 0- KaagpBann, uTo B c. Capata-Tan6en9 >KHTeNH MpomoAKaWT XpaHHTb 9TH JHCTOBKH «B Ka¥eCTBe AOKa3aTembcTBa cBoe CHMNATHH K Gorb- WeBHKaM, yCnexaM KOTOPHX pafylOTCA H OXKHMAaWT HX NpHXOMa» (TaM oke, a. 4589, a. 477). B apyrom areHTypHOM jOHeCeHHH TOBOpHTCS, YTO «Mocae MocteMHerO BH3HTa COBETCKHX CaMONETOB, C KOTOPHIX OLIN pas6pocaHi JIHCTOBKH, CTa10 3aMeTHO, ¥TO MHOrHe 2KHTenH Marazbt Csstow Matai 1c. CKHHocH (mpHroponos r. Kuwnnesa. — H. JI.) BIpaxKalwT parocrb NO NOBOAy OXHAaeMoro BOsBpatlenHA GonbuteBR- KoBs (TaM 2%e, A. 4722, 1. 598). 8B tply Bpara. JIMcTOBKH mapTHAHEIX opraHHsaqHi H MapTH3sal nepnoia Beano OrevectsenHoi softs 1941—1945 rr. M., 1962, c. 165—166. 174 UK KII(6)¥ npenycmotpen otnpasky B Bunnnukyio, Ka- meHel-Ilogonpeky10o, M3manapckyio x Uepxurosckyo 06- siacTH ynonHoMoueHHBIx LIK KII(6)¥ u YIM c rpyn- naMH mapTHaHwx pa6oTHHKos’. Ho 2TH Mepbl He cpa3y aaa pe3yaptatut!, W3-3a tpyaHoctei BHO6pocku rpynn OpraHH3aTOpoB MOANObA H NapTH3aHcKoro ABWKeHHA He- nocpexcTBeHHO Ha TeppHtopHio Mosgasun LIK KI1(6)M, Y4HTHIBAA ONT GSoeso AeATeNbHOCTH pelAOBLIX OTPAZOB Apyrux pecny6auk, c cormacus Llentpanbuoro wita6a map- TH3aHCKoro ABHxKeHHA (III) mpuHan pewenve o Ha- MpaBlewHH rpylin opraHw3aTOpoB NapTH3aHCKHX OTPALOB MonnaBuH B paHOHb! AeATebHOCTH YKPaHHCKHX coesHHe- HH, CTaBA Mepeh HAMH 3a2a4y KOMMIeKTOBAaHHA OTPAOB, npHo6petenua Goeworo onbita H Nocexywulero BHXOMa Ha Teppxtopuio MCCP*, Hecmotpa Ha HeGnaronpHaTHbe ycnoBuA H OTCYTCTBHE cBa3H c Bonpuioi 3emaeh, nognombHHe mapTHiuble, KoM- COMOJbCKHe H MaTpHoTHYecKHe aHTHalucTcKHe opraHH- 3allHH pocaH M KpelH Ha BCef OKKyNupoBaHHoh TeppuTo- puu ot IIpyta go Byra. B despane 1943 r. Onecckuit 06- KOM pacnpoctpaHHa pacnopsxKeHve, B KOTOPOM Nepen NOANOABHEIMH OPraHH3alHAMH Topoma Hu OGmacTH cTaBH- ‘IHCb KOHKpeTHHe 3a2auH B CBA3H C HacTynneHHem Kpac- Hoh ApMHH H YCHAeHHeM BHIBO3a OKKyNaHTaMH MpoMHI- sleHHoro O6opyoBaHHA H APyrHxX MaTepHaJbHEIX WeHHO- ctei. O6KoM peKoMeHqOBal ycHAHTb HBepCHOHHHe DeficTBuA Ha MpeANPHATHAX NPOMBILIAeHHOCTH H Tpaxcnop- Ta, MelaTb BCe BO3MOKHOe, YTOGbI He DaTb Bpary rpa6uTb HaponHoe jo6po’. Yctanapnupan YKpelaad cBASH C “ Coperckan Yxpavua B rom Benuxof Orevecrsennoft sofnet 1941-1945 rr. Tlokymentit u Matepwamu. B 3-x ., T. 2. Kuen, 1980, c. 222. “| Ykpanucxaa CCP s Beaukoi Orevectsennoh Bofine ConetcKoro. Cowsa 1941—1945 rr., 7. 2, c. 188; Agrentox C., Eaux J, Kope- xee A., Jleeur H. Mongasckan CCP 8 Beanxoh OreuectsenHof Bofi- ue Copetckoro Coi3a. Kuunues, 1970, c. 234—235. “2 Q6 oprann3aynn, GoeBo H NOAHTHYeCKOH AeATeNbHOCTH peiito- BUX OTPANOB H COeAHHEHHA MomaBCcKHX NapTH3aH cM.: Koacyxapo M. Tlepsoe mongasckoe... Kumunes, 1963; I/xpa6ax 9. Topora B Mon- Aapww. BocnoMuvakva KoMaHZupa. KuuuHes, 1966; Adgreniox C., E.un 1, Kopenee A., Jlesur H. Yxa3. cou., c. 235—274, Eaun A. T, Naptizanet Moagasnn. Kuwnnes, 1974, c. 45—143,; Tlaprusanet scnoMHHawr... Kuwnnes, 1980. © Copetckan YxkpanHa B roast Beankof OrevectsenHoi softer 1941—1945 rr., 7. 2, c. 216—217. 175 NOANOAbHEIMH OpraHH3alWAMH ropowa H OG6.1aCcTH, OOKOM NoMorad HM JIHTepaTypoi H arvTallHOHHEIMH § MaTepiia.ia- mu. Bonbule ctaJl pa3MHoxkaTbca HN WHpe pacnpoctpaHaTb- ca cpeaH MOANOMbHEIX OpraHH3alu HHPOpMauHOHHB 61osneTeHb O6koMa «3a Cosetckyio Poguny». Toapko 1.14 NOANOAbULHKOB MpH6yrckHx pafioHoB c oceHn 1942 no Mapt 1943 r. o6kom mpHcnan yepe3 cBA3HHIx 80 pa3HEIx AOKYMeHTOB H arHTalHOHHHIX MaTepHawloB, KOTOpHie Ha MeCTaX Pa3MHOXKaHCh H PaCNpocTpanaANHCh cpeaH Hace- aenua*, Baarogapa 6Oonbwok opraHH3aTopcKoH Hw Macco- BO-NoauTHYeCKOH pa6oTte O6koMa, ero paHOHHBIX opraHit- 3atopos, BofotpaHcnoptHoro mognonbHoro pafikoMa B Hayane 1943 r. B ropome H O6aCTH BO3SHHKAH HOBHIe Nog- NOJbHBIe OpraHH3allHH H TpyNMH, pe3kO BO3POcO 4HC10 yJleHOB B paHee CO3aHHHIX oprann3aunax*, YkpenHaHch KOMMYHHCTHYeCKHe MoOsNombHBIe opraHn- 3aUHH B }OXKHHX palionax BuwHHuKoh OGnacTH, BXOZALLHX B Tak Ha3biBaemyio «Tpancnuctpuio». )KmepHHcKaa nog- TlOAbHad Opranu3aunA «CoBeTckHe MaTPHOTHI> BO rslaBe C komMyHuctaMu K. C. Tpnwnnnm u B. B. Kunsespim kK aety 1943 r. HacuHTEBana 13 rpynn Hw pacnpoctpansana cBoe BAHAHHe Ha MHOrHe cena )KMepuucKoro, Cranuc.aB- ckoro, WWapropogckoro u apyrux paionos’®, Opranusauna u3faBana rasety «Kpacublii mapTH3aH», JHCTOBKH, Beda AKTHBHY!0 Mponaranguctckylo paGoty cpeaqu HaceseHuA, a TaKXKe C/OBALKHX, BeHTepCKHX H PYMBIHCKHX CoO/MaT, ee YJeHBI OPraHH30BHIBaH QHBepCHH Ha MPOMBILITeHHBIX H TpaHchopTHHIX npeanpuatuax )KMepHHKH. B IlapropogcKom paiione KOMMYHHCTHYeCKOe NOANobe BosraBlal napTHinpit Komutet (HM. T. Tpeyanpii, VW. K. Tanpxos, E. HW. Ka3zumupos, H. HW. Maauuckuit, ®. Wi. Crenanos). K aety 1943 r. B patone geficTBoBann 22 noanonbHble rpynnw. Bonbutyio pa6oty no opraHv3auuH NogNosbA ocyulect- BAAR NepenpaBsenHwi B Havane 1942 r. B THA MpoTiHB- HHKa B Ka4ectBe ynomHomoyenHoro LIK KI1(6) Yxpannet “ Yxpanuckaa CCP B Benukoi Otevectsennoii Bofine Copetcxoro Cowsa 1941—1945 rr.. T. 2. c. 189. 48 Tam xe, c. 188—189; Ogecckan o6nactb B Beamkoi Orevect- BeHHOH BoitHe Cosetckoro Cow3a 1941—1945 rr. Toxymenth 1 Ma- TepHanu. Ogecca, 1970, c. 273, 277—280, 288. “ Yxpaunckan CCP B BeanKoi Orevectsennof softre CosetcKoro Cowsa_ 1941—1945 rr., T. 2, c. 187; Bypyenxo J. T. Peta x lOx- nomy Byry. Kues, 1978. c. 113114, 176 M. ©. Tlograeuxni, pa6otaswui no Bofiny cekpetapem Komcomosbckoro pafikoMa naptu Ha BuHHuunHe. B pe- 3ylbTaTe ero KuNyyeiH festenbHOcTH B TeYeHHe 1942 r. BO3HHKIH NOANOMbHbIe OpraHH3allHH H TpyNbl BO MHOTHX HacemeHHx nyHkTax Tlecuancxoro, UeyeabHuyKoro, Ko- abIMcKoro paiionos. Tlograeukufi ycraHoBHa cBA3b c nod: noapuukaMH )Kmepunku, Ogecch, Tupacnona u apyrux HaC@I€HHBIX NYHKTOB HW CHa6%KaN HX JHCTOBKaMH, KOTOpBIe nev¥aTaqucb B NOANOAbHOH THNorpadun Koabimul. B oxra6pe 1942 r. p UevenbunuKuit pation Opin nepe- npaBjen no 3aqaHmo LK KII(6) Yxpawnn B Kauectse naptopra T. A. Caspanyyx. OOochopasuuce B c. Crapo- Jlyr, oH cosqan napTHitno-KOoMCOMOsbCKy10 rpynny 4 BCKO- pe, ycTaHOBHB CBA3b C MOANOAbULHKaMH UevenbHHKa, O60- gosKn, Tecuanku, Koabimbl, cCTa KOOpAHHHpOBaTb C HHMH cBoH JeHcTBHA. : PaspetanenHad ceTb NOANOMbHLIX rpynn o6pa3oBanacb B Bepmagckom paiione. Opranusatopom nognonba aBaaa- ca KoMMyHuct A. P. TIuaunuyk, ocTapneHunli Ha BpemeH- HO OKKynupoBaHHoOA Tepputopun Bepuiagckum PK KIT Yxpaunn. Ewe p gexa6pe 1941 r. navan gefictBoBaTb nox pykosogctsom A. P. TIuaunuyka u A. M. Tanuca paiton- HB wTa6, NpakTHYeCKH BHINOAHABLIHA yHKUAH NoOsNO.b- Horo palikoma naptun. B 1943 r. on oGbenuHAN §=yxe cape 220 yenopex‘’. Tlocne uctopuyeckoh no6enn non Cranuurpagom pe3- KO YBeENHYHOCh YHCIO NOANOAbHBIX OpranH3auHi B Moa- aasckoh CCP. B ofnom Tupacnone u ero npuropofax ux QefictBoBastio okono gecatu (B. C. Taxuua, II. E. Kycto- pa, 3. H. Ye6an u ap.). B r. Copoku uw Onu3nexaunx cenax Wopxuuua, 3acTbHKa 4 Apyrux BOSHHKMa OpraHH- 3allMA BO rlaBe c GpiBWHM paGoTHHKOM MuaHUHH T. M. Ty- MeHHBIM. B JlyGoccapax geficTBOBanH TPH NosnorbHble rpynnw (HW. T. Temes, 0. WH. Hansogcxni, M. UM. Ky- aukos, H. Jl. Monganop u ap.). B Yurenax pa3pepnyiia A@ATeAbHOCTh MO/OZexKHaA OpraHH3alluA MON pyKOBOICT- BoM KoMcoModbua B. H. Taspuma. Jleictrayiot noano.b- Hble OpraHH3alMH BO MHOrHx ceax: Hoso-Korosck (H. T. Bygax), Moapa ge IIatps u Codua (B. Beu, M. Buunnesckuit), Dynayx (M. M. UepHonyuxni), Ulep- nent (A. HW. Pycuak), Kyrypeut » HukonaesKa (C. Ty- 47 Bypuenxo JI. T. Yxa3. cou, c, 116, 176, 183, 184—186. 12 H. 3, Jeaur 177 aepatHit), Hoppe Kpurannt (B. Meabunk) x ap. B opra- HH3aHH BOBeKalOTCA KPeCTbAHe-eAHHOHYHUKH, AKTHBH3MpyeTca HapodHaa G6opb6a npoTHB oKKyNaH- Tos B CesepHoi Bykosune. B «Bionnetene unopmannn> ot 2 anpena 1943 r. «Cneunanbuoro otpaga» CCH no BykopuHe OTMe¥anocb, YTO NOANOAbHIe KOMCOMOVIbCKHE oprauusaunn NOABHAMCh Ha MpegnpuaTHax UepHosuu: «XepG6ec», «TpukotaHHa», «TpHHako>'s, Heckowbko gecaTKoB YenoBeK OGbELHHANa MOANOMbHO- NaTpwotuyeckan rpynna B r. UepHosubt, Bo3sriaBiaeman komcomoubiiem M. Bateppo. Oua BbiycKala JHCTOBKH, Mposoznta Gonbuyio mponaranguctckyio paboty cpeau Hacenenna’?, B_ xonue 1942 r. Bc. Usanopust Keapmeneukoro Paiiona KoMcomombuamHn VM. C. Yenypuakom nH. B. Pyaum Obila co3qaHa NOAMOADHaA KOMCOMOJbCKaA opraHH3auHa. TaaBuy0 pomb B ee BO3HHKHOBEHHH HM AeATeTbHOCTH CbIT- paa yyactHuk Xotuuckoro socctanua 1919 r. crapyt nog- nonbuwk P. Jl. Kananxnit. K konny 1943 r. B oprannsa- UHH yxKe HaCuHTHBatoce 12 yenopek. Onn co6Oupann opyxle, BLITycKaqH H pacnpocTpaHA.H JHCTOBKH, ycTa- HaBAHBadH CBA3H C NoAMOMbUWIHKaMH BpxyaHcKoro pafiona Mougascxoh CCP, otcioga cHa6KanHch noaHTHYeCKON autepatypof. Unerit mognombHof KOMCOMOmBCKOA opra- HH3alHH COBepUIHIH HeECKOJbKO Hanawenui Ha %KanzapM- ckHe Mocts, comrmH xX1e6 y nomeuuKa TeauncKoro. Oce- HbiO 1943 r. OHH CoBepwIHAH NOkyWeHHe Ha PyMBIHCKOrO NOAMOAKOBHHKAa, MpHexasutero v3 XoTHHa B KeabMenupt AA MpoBeseHHA MOOHAH3aUHH B PyMBIHCKy10 apmuio. To MallMHe 6b11H OpomeHH Ase rpaHaTH. B anpene 1943 r. Uenypuak u Pyyow yctanoBHnH cBA3b c pa3sBequnueh B. H. Bepexuod, 3a6pomennot VIL, u nepenapanu eft WeHHBe CBeqeHHA O MpPOTHBHHKe®, B Hayane 1943 r. Bo3HHKaeT NOANOAbHaA MaTpHoTHye- ckaa rpynna B pafionHom wextpe CokHpaHH, Bosraapaae- maa A. A. Munesuyem. B Cokupsuckom pafione, B cee 4 Ha cTaHuHH PoMaHKOBULI, a TakKxKe B OKPy%Kaloulux cemax ReficTBopatH NosANoOAbHble aHTHpawuctcKHe rpynn (IT. u UOFA, &. 30, on. 4 a. 396, 1. 26—27. “ Komapxuyoxud C. I. Panauceka Bykopuva B pox BeaHKol Birwu3nanoi pifinw. 1941—1945, Kuis, 1979, c. 75, 76. 80 Bursa 3a Byxosuny. Yxropoa, 1967, c. 11—12; Kosapauy- xud C. H. Yeas. cou, c. 73—74. 178 B. Uaitkosckue, K. Monosuy, B. Makosei, Il. Xpymescxuit i Mp.), KOTOpbe BeqH arHTauHOHHO-mponaraHAUcTCKyIO pa6oty cpeau Hacenenus. JIerom 1943 r. B pasrap y6op- KW YpOKaa WHBIe NaTPHOTH NosowKrau x7e6, cKOWeHHE B HMe€HHH MeCTHOrO NoMeulHKa Kpynexckoro®!. Iupunoch ABHXKeHHE CONPOTHBNeHHA OKKyNaHTaM Ha VismManaputnne. B 1943 r. no nopyyenuio BosrpagcKoit NOANOAbHOM Opranu3saunn A. A. Mpanos opranw3oBan Mo- slofexKHOe nognorbe B c. Uepponoapmelicxoe. [[pyraa nog- MOAbHa# KOMCOMOJIbCKO-MOOZexKHAaA OpraHH3salluA BO3- nukia Bc. Baagpuensl. Ee posrmaBu ObBUIH HHCTpyK- top Boarpagckoro PK JIKCMY H. WU. Kones. TMoanoa- naa rpynna (HM. Topos, M. Jlanyes, T. Crosuos u ap.) HelicTBoBpaa Bc. 3afyHaepKaS?, Coperckue maTpHoTEt MpOBOAWAH arHTauMio CpeqH HaceteHHA, NpH3WBaA ero K 6opb6e MpoTHB OKKyNaHTOB, OpraHH30BhiBaH caGoTaxK HX MeponpuaTui. AKTHBH3aUHA JeATeMbHOCTH NOANOABHX opraHHsauHit i Tpynn conpopoxsatacb cOBepwieHCTBOBaHHeM (opM H# MeTogos Gopb6n c BparoM. YcusnBaad c KaxKMbIM HEM aruTauHOHHO-MponaranguctcKylo paGoty cpequ HaceseHua, NOANOMbULHKH HapsAAy C 9THM BCe Gombe BHUMAHHA CTa- 41M yenaTb AuBepcHAM Hu ca6oTaxy. B ynoMAHYTOM aH- BapckOM oTYeTe ry6epHaTopcTBa «TpaHcHHCTpHA» oTMeta- eTca, TO BO3ne cTaHUHH I'puroppeska NyuleH Nox OTKOC 2KeNesHOMopoxHbe slenoHH, a Ha cTanuHH Pa3spzenbuaa BBIBOAATCA H3 CTpoa MapoBosH®’, Ha Omecckof anekTpo- CTaHUHH NOAMOAbHO-NaTpHOTHYeCKaA rpynna, BosriaBsse- maa cnecapem B. A. Bopucenko, BiInoaHAA 3aqaHHA opra- uH3aTOpa NosMombA io JlenuucKomy pafony JI. K. Ko- BaJIbCKOFO, COBepUIHIa KPyNHyO aBapHio, B pe3yabTaTe wero 3NeKTPOCTaHWHA Obila OCTaHOBNeHa Ha peMoHT. Co- BeTCKHe NaTPHOTbI BHBOAHH 43 CTPpOA HHCTpPyMeHTHI, H3MePHTebHbIe MpHOopHl H OGopyfOBaHHe CTaHUMH, HeKa- 4eCTBeEHHO PeMOHTHPOBatH KOTABIS. [lo 3aqaHHio Toro x*Ke JI. K. Kopaapcexoro Ha OeccKoM KOMOHKOPMOBOM 3aBoOJe 5! Bursa 3a Bykopuny, c. 12; Komapauyxui C. H. Yxa3. cou, c. 75; 3opuae Bykosunef, 1981, 15, III; Pagancbka Bykosiua, 1981, OXI 8 Copsercu# Tpwaynaiickui xpai. 1940—1945 rr. oxymentut Mw Matepuantt. Onecca, 1970, c. 217—218. 5° LITA MCCP, o. 706, on. 1, a. 544, a. 14. 5 Onecckan o6nactb B Beanko OteuectsenHof Boftre CopetcKo- To Cowsa 1941—1945 rr., c. 278. 128 179 NOANOAbHO-NaTpHoTHYecKas rpynna Bo riaBe C MeXaHHKOM T. A. Wpanossim BuBea H3 CTpoA TpyOonpoBog raaBHoit MarHCTpadH, 3aTATHBawa peMOHT MalllHH H oGopyfoBa- HyAS, Muoro aktop ca6oTaxKa copepliua MoAnoabHaa opra- HH3allHA, PYKOBOMHMaa KoMcoMosbuUem I. HW. Kanutyenxko, 3NeKTpoMeXaHHKOM MacTepcKHx Ovecckoro aBTOMOGHAIb- Horo TexHukyMa. JlefictBya no yKa3aHHi0 O6KoOMa napTHH H opraHH3aTopa nognonmba B WUabnyescKom paiione B. I. Jlo6posonscxoro, rpynna nmpusena B HerogHocTb ABa TOKapHBIX H 3yOope3sHbIi CTaHKH, HEOLHOKpaTHO BHIBOAHAAa 43 CTPOA WAMPOBaTbHyIo MaliMHy MacTepcKHx. [Tpensat- CTBYA OKKyMaHTaM B BHBO3e O6OpysOBaHHA 4H MallHH, TOANOAbLIHKH YHHYTOKaAH MpHcnoco6jeHWA K CTaHKaM, NOXHTHIH TPH aKKyMyJATOpa, Ha CaHTex3apoge Onin BLI- BefeHb 43 CTpoA GonTOpesHbi uM peBONbBepHAA cTaHku, GopMallHHa, MapoBo MOOT, WITaMNOBaNbHH cTaHoK, CNpATaH YeTHIpe 3eKTPOMOTOPa; B 2Ke/le3HOLOPOXKHOM TeXHHKyMe CIPATAHB! 1Ba TOKAPHBIX CTaHKa, COXpaHeHbl o6opyfoBaHve muTeHHOrO MH Ky3HeYHOTO WexoB, reHepaTop H MOTOP MECTHOM 97eKTpocTaHUHH. C neka6pa 1942 r. ycraHoBuna cBAa3b HM CTana BHINO.N- HaTb Nopyyenua B. I. Jo6posoasckoro nognonbuaa fH- BepcvouHas ‘opranu3auna B. B. ®uaunnosa, jelicTBoBaB- uaa Ha %Kete3sHofopoKHoh cranunn Opecca-Topapuaa. Tlonyyns ot Jo6posonscKkoro Ba KHAOrpaMMa HaxkJayHo- TO MOpouKa, NOAMOAPULHKH 3aChiNaqH ero B WHCTePHBI, C TOpOuHM H B GyKCbI BarOHa NepesBHKHOM KenesHosopox- HOA MacTepcKoi, BbIBeqA HX H3 cTpoa. Yepes pa6oTHuka aa6opatopuu Oxecckoro toprosoro nopta H. I. Cxym6pnit Tpynma cHcTeMaTHYeCKH 3apaKana BpeAHTeENAMH 3epHO, oTmpaBaseMoe B Pymbinuio. Ilo 3anaHHio o6koMa coBep- Waa QHBepCHOHHHe akTb B_ MOpTy H Ha MpewNpHATHAX Oxecctt nognonbHaa rpynna A. T. Bexkepa. Ha craHuHn Baata MOANOAbULHKH pa3pyllanH %KeresHosopoxuble MyTH, BHIBOAWIH H3 CTpoA ceMadoph! xu crtpenku®®, B mapte 1943 r., Kak cka3aHO B JOKafe pyKOBOAHTeIA pyMbIH- ckoh KOHTppaspegku Kpuctecky, «KOMMYHHCTHYecKHe auelKH TaBHBIX %KeNe3HOOpOKHNX MacTepcKHx (SH- BapCKH 3aB04) NOMO*KTNH WeX HHCTPyMeHTOB, KOTOPHIi 88 Onecckaa o6aacTb B par OrevectsenHoh Bohie Copet- cxoro Coosa 1941—1945 rr., c. % Tam xe, c. 252—253, oro, 275, 289, 180