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Anatomy Eponyms

Achilles' heel Soft spot. Achilles' tendon The tendon of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles of the leg connects the calf muscles to the heel. Adams' arc Arc-shaped line from trochanter minor to the lower margin of the neck of the femur. Amussat's fold Abnormal folds of the urethral mucous membrane at the level of the seminal colliculus. Amussat's valves The spiral valves of the cystic duct. Andernach's ossicles Small bones found in cranial sutures. Andersch' ganglion The petrosal ganglion of the glasopharyngeal nerve was previously called Andersch' ganglion. Aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva A thin-walled tubular outpouching usually in the right or noncoronary sinus Angle of Louis (Louis' angle) The angle formed at the junction of the manubrium and the body of the sternum. Angulus Ludovici (Louis' angle) The angle formed at the junction of the manubrium and the body of the sternum. Aqueduct of Falloppio (Fallopian canal) The facial canal. The facial nerve passes through this canal in the temporal bone. Arantius' duct The ductus venosus. Arnold's canal A passage of the petrous portion of the temporal bone for the auricular branch of the vagus. Arnold's ganglion The otic or auricular ganglion.

Aschoff's organ Organ in the paradidymis. Atlas The first cervical vertebra by which the head articulates with the occipital bone. Auerbach's plexus The myenteric plexus. Bandl's ring The ring muscle at the border of the uterus corpus and the uterus isthmus, which is developed more pronouncedly during delivery. Bandl's ring of contraction (Bandl's ring) The ring muscle at the border of the uterus corpus and the uterus isthmus, which is developed more pronouncedly during delivery. Bernard's canal (Claude bernard) Ductus pancreaticus accesorius. An accessory pancreatic duct. Bernard's glandular layer (Claude Bernard) Inner layer of cells lining acinis of pancreas. Billroth's cords The splenic cords found in the red pulp between the sinusoids. Billroth's paths (Billroth's cords) The splenic cords found in the red pulp between the sinusoids. Billroth's ways (Billroth's cords) The splenic cords found in the red pulp between the sinusoids. Blumenbach's clivus Sloping part of sphenoid bone behind posterior clinoid processes. Blumenbach's process The uncinate process. Broca's angle Occipital angle of parietal lobe. Broca's basilar angle (Broca's angle) Occipital angle of parietal lobe.

Broca's facial angle (Broca's angle) Occipital angle of parietal lobe. Cavum Meckelli (Meckel's space) The cavity, or cleft, between two layers of dura over the petrous portion of the temporal bone that encloses the roots of the trigeminal nerve and the trigeminal ganglion. Cloquet's canal A vestige of the embryonal A. hyolidea. Cloquet's gland (Rosenmller-Cloquet gland) Small inguinal lymphatic nodes located in or adjacent to the femoral canal. Cloquet's node (Rosenmller-Cloquet gland) Small inguinal lymphatic nodes located in or adjacent to the femoral canal. Colles' fascia Inner layer of superficial fascia Scarpas fascia of perineum. Columns of Morgagni (Morgagni's columns) The vertical folds in the rectum. Cooper's fascia One of the coverings of the spermatic cord. Cooper's stripes Fibrous feature between lig. collaterale radiale and u. ulnare at the distal end. Cooper's suspensory ligaments (Cooper's ligament) Cotunnius' aquaduct The aqueduct of the inner ear. Cotunnius' columns The columns in the osseous spiral lamina of the cochlea. Douglas' cul-de-sac Peritoneal space formed by deflection of the peritoneum. Douglas' fold A fold of peritoneum forming the lateral boundary of Douglas' pouch. Douglas' pouch (Douglas' cul-de-sac) Peritoneal space formed by deflection of the peritoneum.

Douglas' space (Douglas' cul-de-sac) Peritoneal space formed by deflection of the peritoneum. Ducts of Luschka (Luschka's ducts) Small, glandlike tubular structures in the wall of the gallbladder adjacent to the liver, especially in the part covered with peritoneum. Ehrenritter's ganglion The superior ganglion of the glossopharyngeal nerve. Fallopian arch (Fallopian ligament) A fibrous band forming the thickened lower border of the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle between the anterosuperior spine of the ilium and the pubic tubercle. Fallopian canal The facial canal. The facial nerve passes through this canal in the temporal bone. Fallopian ligament A fibrous band forming the thickened lower border of the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle between the anterosuperior spine of the ilium and the pubic tubercle. Fallopian tube One of the tubes or ducts leading on either side from the upper or outer extremity of the ovary to the fundus of the uterus. Fleece of Stilling Meshwork of white fibres that surrounds the dentate nucleus of the cerebellum. Fontana's canal (Schlemm's canal) The canal of the sclero-corneal junction. Fontana's spaces Irregularly shaped endothelium-lined spaces between the processus of ligamentum pectinatum of the iris. Foramina of Luschka (Luschka's foramen) The Foramen of 4th ventricle. One of the two lateral openings draining the fourth ventricle into the subarachnoid space at the cerebellopontine angle. Gartner's canal (Gartner's duct) An occasionally occurring small duct lying parallel to the uterine tube, extending from the epophoron through the broad ligament to the vagina. Gartner's duct

An occasionally occurring small duct lying parallel to the uterine tube, extending from the epophoron through the broad ligament to the vagina. Gasser's ganglion The large sensory ganglion of the trigeminal nerve. Gasserian ganglion (Gasser's ganglion) The large sensory ganglion of the trigeminal nerve. Girald's organ A vestige of the wolffian body at posterior side of the testicle. Glisson's capsule The outer capsule of connective fibrous tissue, surrounding the liver, the intrahepatic branches of vena portae, arteria hepatica, and the bile duct. Golgi's apparatus A system of membranes in the cytoplasm of the cell making up a functional unit concerned with intracellular transport of membrane-bounded secretory proteins. Golgi's apparatus of the cell (Golgi's apparatus) A system of membranes in the cytoplasm of the cell making up a functional unit concerned with intracellular transport of membrane-bounded secretory proteins. Golgi's complex (Golgi's apparatus) A system of membranes in the cytoplasm of the cell making up a functional unit concerned with intracellular transport of membrane-bounded secretory proteins. Golgi's internal reticulum (Golgi's apparatus) A system of membranes in the cytoplasm of the cell making up a functional unit concerned with intracellular transport of membrane-bounded secretory proteins. Gowers' bundle (Gowers' tract) The anterior spinocerebellar area. Gowers' tract The anterior spinocerebellar area. Gruber-Landzert fossa An inferior duodenal recess. Henle's fissure Fibrous tissue between the cardiac muscle fibres. Henle's ampulla

The ampulla of the uterine tube. Henle's ligament Conjoint tendon of the transversus abdominis muscle. Henle's loop U-shaped medullary portion of the nephron between the proximal and distal tubules of the collecting system of the kidney. Henle's tubules Portion of the nephron following the proximal tubule. Hey's ligament The semilunar lateral margin (falciform margin) of the fossa ovalis. Hilton's line A white line at the junction of the skin of the perineum and anal mucosa, said to be palpable. Hilton's muscle The aryepiglottic muscle. Hilton's pit A pit along the external portion of the false vocal corda. Hilton's white line (Hilton's line) A white line at the junction of the skin of the perineum and anal mucosa, said to be palpable. Holmgren-Golgi canals (Golgi's apparatus) A system of membranes in the cytoplasm of the cell making up a functional unit concerned with intracellular transport of membrane-bounded secretory proteins. Hunter's canal (John Hunter) Canalis adductorius. The adductor canal. Islands of Reil The insula of the cerebral cortex. Kobelt's tubules Remnants of Wolffian ducts in the parophoron. Krause's bone (Wilhelm Krause) The second ossification centre in the growing acetabulum at the junction of the ilium, ischium, and pubis. Krause's ligament (Karl Friedrich Theodor Krause) The transverse perineal ligament

Landzert's canal Canal in the fetal sphenoid bone. Landzert's fossa A fossa formed by two peritoneal folds, lateral to the forth segment of the duodenum and behind the inferior mesenteric vein and ascending left colic artery. Le Cat's gulf The hollow of the bulbous portion of the urethra. Leydig's gland A portion of the mesonephros in vertebrates, of which the secretions are thought to stimulate the movement of spermatozoa. Lieberkhn's crypts (Lieberkhn's glands) Simple tubular glands which open into the intestine, present in the mucous membrane of the small and large intestines. Lieberkhn's follicles (Lieberkhn's glands) Simple tubular glands which open into the intestine, present in the mucous membrane of the small and large intestines. Lieberkhn's glands Simple tubular glands which open into the intestine, present in the mucous membrane of the small and large intestines. Louis' angle The angle formed at the junction of the manubrium and the body of the sternum. Luschka's ducts Small, glandlike tubular structures in the wall of the gallbladder adjacent to the liver, especially in the part covered with peritoneum. Luschka's foramen The Foramen of 4th ventricle. One of the two lateral openings draining the fourth ventricle into the subarachnoid space at the cerebellopontine angle. Meckel's band (Meckel's ligament) Portion of the anterior ligament of the malleus that extends from the base of the anterior process through the petrotympanic fissure. Meckel's cartilage A cartilaginous bar about which the mandible develops. Meckel's cavity (Meckel's space)

The cavity, or cleft, between two layers of dura over the petrous portion of the temporal bone that encloses the roots of the trigeminal nerve and the trigeminal ganglion. Meckel's diverticulum Diverticulum of the ileum derived from the unobliterated yolk stalk. Meckel's ganglion The sphenopalatine ganglion or the second division of the trigeminal nerve. Meckel's ligament Portion of the anterior ligament of the malleus that extends from the base of the anterior process through the petrotympanic fissure. Meckel's space The cavity, or cleft, between two layers of dura over the petrous portion of the temporal bone that encloses the roots of the trigeminal nerve and the trigeminal ganglion. Meckels cave (Meckel's space) The cavity, or cleft, between two layers of dura over the petrous portion of the temporal bone that encloses the roots of the trigeminal nerve and the trigeminal ganglion. Mnard-Shenton line (Shenton's line) A radiographic line formed by the top of the obturator foramen and the inner side of the neck of the femur. Mnard-Shenton-Makkas line (Shenton's line) A radiographic line formed by the top of the obturator foramen and the inner side of the neck of the femur. Morgagni's caruncle The middle prostatic lobe. Morgagni's columns The vertical folds in the rectum. Morgagni's concha The superior nasal choncha. Morgagni's cyst The appendix of the testis. Morgagni's foramen Right-sided fissure between pars sternalis and Pars costalis in the diaphragm. Morgagni's lacunas The orifices of the mucous glands of the male urethre.

Morgagni's sinus Refers to the space between the upper border of the levator veli palateni and the base of the skull. Morgagni's ventricle Lateral pouch in the vestibulum laryngis between the Ligamentum vestibulare and the vocal cord. Morgagnis fissure (Morgagni's foramen) Right-sided fissure between pars sternalis and Pars costalis in the diaphragm. Morgagnis hydatid (Morgagni's cyst) The appendix of the testis. Nageotte's place A section of the posterior root of the spinal marrow. Ollier's layer The inner layer of the periosteum, closest to the bone. Poupart's inguinal ligament (Fallopian ligament) A fibrous band forming the thickened lower border of the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle between the anterosuperior spine of the ilium and the pubic tubercle. Poupart's ligament (Fallopian ligament) A fibrous band forming the thickened lower border of the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle between the anterosuperior spine of the ilium and the pubic tubercle. Rivinus' canals Ducts of the sublingual glands. Rivinus' notch The tympanic notch in the upper part of the tympanic portion of the temporal bone. Rivinus incisure (Rivinus' notch) The tympanic notch in the upper part of the tympanic portion of the temporal bone. Rosenmller's body (Rosenmller's organ) A rudimentary structure located in the mesosalpix. Rosenmller's cavity (Rosenmller's fossa) The lateral pharyngeal recess. Rosenmller's fossa

The lateral pharyngeal recess. Rosenmller's gland The palpebral portion of the lacrimal gland. Rosenmller's gland (Rosenmller-Cloquet gland) Small inguinal lymphatic nodes located in or adjacent to the femoral canal. Rosenmller's node (Rosenmller-Cloquet gland) Small inguinal lymphatic nodes located in or adjacent to the femoral canal. Rosenmller's organ A rudimentary structure located in the mesosalpix. Rosenmller's recess (Rosenmller's fossa) The lateral pharyngeal recess. Rosenmller-Cloquet gland Small inguinal lymphatic nodes located in or adjacent to the femoral canal. Ruysch's muscle A circular muscle in the fundus uteri. Ruysch's tube A minute tubular cavity opening in the nasal septum. Schlemm's canal The canal of the sclero-corneal junction. Schultze's comma Fasciculus interfascicularis - descending posterior root threads between the Goll's string and the Burdach's string. . Shenton's line A radiographic line formed by the top of the obturator foramen and the inner side of the neck of the femur. Skene's ducts Paraurethral ducts. Skene's glands Numerous mucous glands in the wall of the female urethra, localised so that their openings are just inside the urinary meatus.

Skene's tubules

Embryonic urethral glands. Spiegel's line A slight groove which is the line of abdomen lying parallel to the median line and marking the lateral margin of the rectus abdominis muscle. Spiegel's lobe The caudate lobe of the liver. Spigelian line (Spiegel's line) A slight groove which is the line of abdomen lying parallel to the median line and marking the lateral margin of the rectus abdominis muscle. Stensen's foramina Incisive foramina of the hard palate, transmitting anterior branches of the descending palatine vessels.

Stilling's canal A minute canal running through the vitreous from the discus nervi optici to the lens. Treves' bloodless fold Bloodless fold of Treves. An ileocecal fold of peritoneum associated with the appendix. Tuba fallopiana (Fallopian tube) One of the tubes or ducts leading on either side from the upper or outer extremity of the ovary to the fundus of the uterus. Tuba Falloppii (Fallopian tube) One of the tubes or ducts leading on either side from the upper or outer extremity of the ovary to the fundus of the uterus. Valsalva's antrum A cavity in the petrous portion of the temporal bone. Valsalva's ligaments Ligaments that attach the auricle to the side of the head. Valsalva's muscle A band of vertical muscular fibres on the outer surface of the tragus of the ear, innervated by the temporal branch of the facial nerve. Volkmann's canals (Alfred Wilhelm Volkmann) Vascular channels in compact bone carrying the blood vessels from the periosteum. von Recklinghausen's canals

The lymph canaliculi. Wenckebach's bundle The median bundle of the conductive system of the heart leading to the atrioventricular node (Tawara's node). Wharton's duct The duct of the submandibular salivary gland opening into the mouth at side of the frenum linguae. Wharton's jelly A gelatinous intercellular substance which is the primitive mucoid connective tissue of the umbilical cord. Willis' cords Fibrous cords crossing the superior longitudinal sinus transversely. Wolffian body (Caspar Friedrich Wolff) An embryonic organ on each side of the vertebral column. Wolffian canal (Wolffian duct (Caspar Friedrich Wolff)) The embryonic duct of the mesonephros, from mesonephros to cloaca. Wolffian duct (Caspar Friedrich Wolff) The embryonic duct of the mesonephros, from mesonephros to cloaca. Wolffian tubules (Kobelt's tubules) Remnants of Wolffian ducts in the parophoron. Zenker's diverticulum Diverticulum of the mucous membrane of the oesophagus through a defect in the wall of oesophagus.