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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Acknowledgement
Though the words are not enough to express our gratitude to all those who have contributed in the design of our project Internet Banking . We thank Pro. Waman Parulekar, our project guide, for her exclusive guidance on the topic we are working with there were times seemed too vast to be done but he made us endure such times with his words of encouragement. It was he who organized our team efforts and explored radical solutions. I express my sincere thanks to Mr. Vikram Chavan at Pinnacle solutions, Andheri. For there valuable guidance in completion of

project . In spite of his busy schedule he constantly made himself available to me whenever I have difficulties. His timely suggestion and constant encouragement helped me in completing this project successfully. We should also like to express our sincere gratitude to our honourable Head Of Department Prof. Tejas V Joshi Sir for the

encouragement and facilities provided to us. We honourable thank our entire MCA department lab In-Charge and assistants who have willingly co-operated with us in resolving our queries and providing us with all the required help and favour on time. Last but not the least , we want to thank the reviewers who worked so hard for us. Reviewing a work in progress is not easy, but we were lucky enough to have reviewers with broad perspectives an indepth knowledge. We should like to thanks the reviewers who include: Prof. Tejas V. Joshi (HOD)

Prof .Waman Parulekar (Project Guide)

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Index
Sr. No 1 2 3 Title Introduction Company Profie Abstract Review Of Literature 3.1 What is internet banking 3.2 Why internet banking 3.3 Existing system Problem definition Theoretical Background 5.1 Overview of front end 5.2 Overview of back end 5.3 Methodology 5.4 Software and hardware requirement System Design Use case diagram Class diagram Activity diagram sequence diagram Component diagram Deployment diagram System analysis Gantt chart Input and output screen Database System testing Limitations and future enhancement Conclusion Bibliography Page no

4 5

7 8 9 10 11 12

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Company Profile
Pinnacle, is a software development firm specializing in staff augmentation/staff selection, solution development, solution

outsourcing. Pinnacle, assists our clients in defining, evaluating, selecting, and implementing solutions that advance the goal and objectives of their company, creating a competitive advantage.

Pinnacle, consultants are highly qualified professionals whose skills provide value, quality, and exceptional performance. Pinnacle, team has the breadth of services and technical savvy to help our clients conceive, execute and support integrated solutions from browser portal all the way through to their core enterprise and legacy systems. Our employees are driven to deliver results and are the primary way in which customers benefit from Pinnacle, for their staff augmentation and selection needs.

Pinnacle, strives to be the best information systems consulting, software development and permanent placement firm in the business. We pride ourselves on our relationships with all of our customers, and the value we bring to each relationship. Pinnacle Solutions is a software development firm spread across various sectors like Banking and Financial, Manufacturing , Healthcare and Telecom. Pinnacle Solutions is a global services provider delivering technologydriven business solutions that meet the strategic objectives of our clients. Pinnacle Solutions has expertise in creating solutions around specific needs of industries. Pinnacle Solutions delivers unmatched business value to customers through a combination of process excellence, quality frameworks and service delivery innovation.

3 Internet Banking

Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Introduction
The main purpose that banks have been serving since their inception is keeping our money safe for us. While keeping our money safe, they also let us earn a certain amount of interest on the money deposited with them. Traditional banks have been doing this, and internet banks continue the same function. The only difference is in the way the transactions are made. We all know about internet banking and most of us use it quite often as well, but few of us actually understand about the history of internet banking and how it all came out. Knowing the history of internet banking can be incredibly useful, especially since it will allow us to have more respect for the little things that we take for granted. Computers themselves have really come an enormous way since their initial establishment, as the earliest electronic computers were so large that they would take up the entire area of a room, while today some are so small that they can hardly be seen at all. In today's world, computers play an incredibly large role in the way the world exists in general, and the majority of tasks could actually not be completed if not for the use of computers. Although there are certainly some areas and jobs that cannot yet be completed solely by computers and which thus still require actual manpower, for the most part, computers have helped to make life significantly easier, productive, and more convenient for us all.

Internet banking has been around for quite a few years now, but has really only become prominent over the past year or so in particular. Internet banking offers an array of different advantages to the user, including: account balances and history including year-to-date information, the ability to transfer money from one account to another and to payees for bill payments, check history, reorders, and stop

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

payments, check credit card balances and statements, complete online loan applications, secure interactive messaging with staff, and much more. Internet banking basically allows you to be able to do everything that you can in your regular banking institution, only with the benefit that you can do it all right from the convenience of your own home. Not only is this great because you can be comfortable and have peace of mind knowing that you can keep track yourself of all your banking issues, but as well it allows for more ease because you never have to worry about rushing out and making it to the bank.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of this project is to develop a secured online banking system with the following objectives: Create a banking system that is easily accessible by customers from the comfort of their homes, offices etc. Reduce the flow of human traffic and long queues at banks Reduce the time wasted in going to banks to stay on queues. Promote efficient and effective banking for the banks by focusing on those services that still require physical presence at the banking hall. FEATURES OF ONLINE BANKING Today, online banking services are quite varied. One of the best features of online banking is putting the user in control. The user controls all bill paying, transfers, and investments, Apply for loan from home.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

There are other features, though of online banking. One of these is increased accessibility to your account information. Users of online banking services can access their account information from anywhere in the world! This is particularly helpful for businesses. Internet business banking is becoming increasingly popular, as businesses are becoming more global in their reach. Now business people can access their accounts, even when on overseas business trips. Business Internet banking is extremely popular for this reason. A particularly popular aspect of online banking services is the ability to make bill payments electronically. With a minimum degree of set-up, customers can enter the amounts of their paper bills (or opt to receive electronic bills) and process all their payments at one time, from one screen.

SCOPE An online banking system will be applicable everywhere, where banking exists. It will be more efficient and easier way to have a record on systems through which everyone can easily access it according to his rights as compared to the traditional banking system. Every bank will prefer the online banking system instead of the traditional banking system as it contains many useful features and fastest methods for the transactions.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Abstract
The advent of internet and the popularity of personal computers presented both an opportunity and a challenge for the banking industry. For years, financial institutions have used powerful computer networks to automate millions of daily transactions; today, often the only paper record is the customers receipt at the point of sale. Now that its customers are connected to the Internet via personal computers, banks envision similar economic advantages by adapting those same internal electronic processes to home use. Banks view online banking as a powerful value added tool to attract and retain new customers while helping to eliminate costly paper handling and teller interactions in an increasingly competitive banking environment. Online banking is not out to change your money habits. Instead, it uses todays computer technology to give you the option of bypassing the time-consuming, paper based aspects of traditional banking in order to manage your finances more quickly and efficiently. Most of the large banks now offer fully secure, fully functional online banking for free or small fee. Some smaller banks offer limited access or functionality; for instance, you may be able to view your account balance and history but not initiate transactions online. As more banks succeed online and more customers use their sites, fully functional online banking likely will become as common place as automated teller machines.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Advantage of online banking


Convenience: Online banking sites never close; theyre available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and theyre only a mouse click away. Ubiquity: If youre out of state or even out of the country when money problem arises, you can log on instantly to your online bank and take care of business, 24/7. Transaction Speed: Online bank sites generally execute transactions at or quicker than ATM processing speeds. Efficiency: You can access and manage all of your bank accounts, including IRAs, CDs, even securities, from one secure site. and confirm

Disadvantage of online banking: Learning curve: Banking sites can be difficult to navigate at first. Plan to invest sometime and/or read the tutorials in order to become comfortable in your virtual lobby. Bank sites changes: Even the largest bank periodically upgrade there online programs, adding new features in unfamiliar places. In some cases, you may have to re-enter account information.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

The trust thing: For many people, the biggest hurdle to online banking is learning to trust it. Did my transaction go through? Did I push the transfer button once or twice? Always print the transaction receipt and keep it with your bank records until it shows up on your personal site and/or your bank statement.

Existing System: Existing system is the traditional banking, where customers have to go through the long queue, time wasted and still wouldnt have access to efficient and effective banking system. Proposed System Considering the stress and time taken to go to bank and do transaction. The development of a well structure and secured online banking system will allow customer to perform objectives like, creating a banking system that is easily accessible by customers from the comfort of their homes, offices 24/7. Reduce the flow of human traffic and long queues at banks; Promote efficient and effective banking for the banks by focusing on those services that still require physical presence at the banking hall. Keep a detailed log of customer transactions with the bank on his account. Generate the statement of account of a selected period of time for customers. And Provide a customer relationship services

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Theoretical background
The objective of this project is to develop an online transaction web application. In the system the customer adds other account to his for transferring money to others account. All that process has done online. This process is more faster than ATM process.

The dynamic approach: Jsp : Java server pages is a technology for developing web pages that include dynamic content. Unlike a plain HTML page, which contains static content that always remains the same, a JSP page can change its content based on any number of variable items, including the identity of the user, the users browser type, information provided by the user, and selections made by the user. Java Server Pages (JSP) technology enables Web developers and designers to rapidly develop and easily maintain, information-rich, dynamic web pages that leverage existing business systems. As a part of the java technology family, JSP technology enables rapid development of Web-based applications that are platform independent. JSP technology separates the user interface from content generation, enabling designers to change the overall page layout without altering the underlying dynamic content. The JSP technology which abstracts servlets to a higher level is an open, freely available specification developed by Sun Microsystems as an alternative to Microsofts ASP technology, and a key component of the java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) specifications.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

When a JSP is called, it will be compiled into a java servlet. At this point the servlet engine, just like any other servlet, handles the servlet. The servlet engine then loads the servlet class and executes it to create dynamic HTML to be sent to the browser. The servlet creates any necessary object, and writes any object as a string to an output stream to the browser.

Servlets: Java servlets are more efficient, easier to use, more powerful, more portable, safer, and cheaper than traditional CGI-like technologies. With traditional CGI, a new process is started for each HTTP request. If the CGI program itself is relatively short. The overhead of starting the process can dominate the execution time. With servlets, the Java Virtual machine stays running and handles each request with a lightweight Java thread, not a heavyweight operating system process. Similarly, In traditional CGI, if there are N request to the same CGI program is loaded into memory N times. With servlets, however, there would br N threads, but only a single copy of servlet class would be loaded. This approach reduces server memory requirements and saves time by instantiating fewer objects. Finally, when a CGI program finishes handling a request, the program terminates. The approach makes it difficult to cache computations, keep database connection open, and perform other optimizations that rely on persistent data. Servlets, however, remain in memory even after they complete a response, so it is straightforward to store arbitrarily complex data between client requests.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Servlets have extensive infrastructure for automatically parsing and decoding HTML form data, reading and setting HTTP

headers, handling cookies, tracking sessions, and many other such high-level utilities.

My SQL server: The My SQL database has become the worlds most popular open source database because of its consistent fast performance, high reliability and ease of use. Its used in more than 10 million installations ranging from large corporations to specialized embedded applications on every continent in the world. Not only is My SQL the worlds most popular open source database, its also become the database of choice for a new generation of applications built on the LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, My SQL, PHP / Perl /Python.) My SQL runs on more than 20 platforms including Linux, Windows, OS/X, HP-UX, AIX, Netware, giving you the kind of flexibility that puts you in control. Whether youre new to database technology or an experienced developer or DBA, MY SQL offers a comprehensive range of certified software, support, training and consulting to make you successful.

Apache Tomcat ( Server ) Apache Tomcat is an open software implementation of the Java Servlet and Java Server Pages technologies. The Java Servlet and Java Server Pages specifications are developed under the Java Community Process.

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Apache Tomcat is developed in an open and participatory environment and released under the Apache License version 2. Apache Tomcat is intended to be a collaboration of the best of breed developers from around the world. We invite you to participate in this open development project. To learn more about getting involved, click here. Apache Tomcat powers numerous large-scale, mission-critical web applications across a diverse range of industries and

organizations. Some of these users and their stories are listed on the Powered By wiki page. Apache Tomcat, Tomcat, Apache, the Apache feather and the Apache Tomcat project logo are trademarks of the Apache Software Foundation. Over the last ten years, legacy proprietary application servers have become exceedingly complex due to the continual addition of so many niche features. As a result, IT is challenged to meet the short project deployment schedules their businesses demand. And while the functionality of these application servers has increased, so has the price even when most of the new features may have no immediate value to the business. While a few mission-critical, enterprise-wide deployments rely on the high-value features of expensive, proprietary web.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Highlights: Enables rapid deployment of departmental projects with scalability for high-volume, mission-critical applications. Provides the most complete open-source stack for web application platforms. Is easy to acquire, easy to install, and easy to use. Accommodations all levels of enterprises large Fortune 500 companies, small and medium businesses, start-ups and small departments within an enterprise. Offers flexible, subscription based pricing.

My SQL Connector/J The My SQL Connector/J is required for the JDBC

implementation for communicating with My SQL servers. My SQL provides connectivity for client application developed in the Java programming language via a JDBC driver, which is called My SQL Connector/J. My SQL Connector/J is a JDBC Type 4 driver. Different versions are available that are compatible with the JDBC-3.0 and JDBC-4.0 specifications. The Type 4 designation means that the driver is pureJava implementations of the My SQL protocol and does not rely on the My SQL client libraries.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

MVC
The main aim of the MVC architecture is to separate the business logic and application data from the presentation data to the user. Here are the reasons why we should use the MVC design pattern. 1. They are reusable : When the problems recurs, there is no need to invent a new solution, we just have to follow the pattern and adapt it as necessary. 2. They are expressive : By using the MVC design pattern our application becomes more expressive.

1) Model The model object knows about all the data that need to be displayed. It is model who is aware about all the operations that can be applied to transform that object. It only represents the data of an application. The model represents enterprise data and the business rules that govern access to and updates of this data. Model is not aware about the presentation data and how that data will be displayed to the browser.

2) View The view represents the presentation of the application. The view object refers to the model. It uses the query methods of the model to obtain the contents and renders it. The view is not dependant on the application

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

logic. It remains same if

we can say that it is the

responsibility of the views to maintain the consistency in its presentation when the model changes.

3) Controller : Whenever the user sends a request for

something then it always go through the controller. The controller is responsible for intercepting the requests from view and passes it to the model for the appropriate action. After the action has been taken on the data, the controller is responsible for directing the appropriate view to the user. In GUIs the views and the controllers often work very closely together.

MVC Overview Flexibility in large component based systems raise questions on how to organize a project for easy development and maintenance while protecting your data and reputation, especially from new developers and unwitting users. The answer is in using the Model, View, Control (MVC) architecture. An architecture such as MVC is a design pattern that describes a recurring problem and its solution where the solution is never exactly the same for every recurrence. To use the Model-View-Controller MVC paradigm effectively you must understand the division of labor within the MVC triad. You also must understand how the three parts of the triad communicate with each other and with other active views and controllers; the sharing of a single mouse, keyboard and display screen among several applications demands commission and co-operation. To make the best use of the MVC paradigm you need also to learn about

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

the available subclasses of view and Controller which provide ready made starting points for your applications. In the MVC design pattern, application flow is mediated by a central controller. The controller delegates requests to an appropriate handler. The controller is the means by which the user interacts with the web application. The controller is responsible for the input to the model. A pure GUI controller accepts input from the user and instructs the model and viewport to perform action based on that input. If an invalid input is sent to the controller from the view, the model informs the controller to direct the view that error occurred and to tell it to try again. A web application controller can be thought of as

specialised view Since it has visual aspect . it would be actually be one or more HTML forms in a web application and therefore the model can also dictate what the controller should display as input the

controller should produce HTML to allow the user input query to the web application the controller would add the necessary

parameterisation of the individual form element so that the servlet can observe the input this is different from a GUI, actually back-to- front , where the controller is waiting and acting on event-driven input from mouse or graphics tablet. The controller adapts the request to the model. The model represents, or encapsulates, an applications business logic or State. It captures not only the state of a process or system, but also How the system works . It notifies any observer when back through the controller to then any of the data has changed the model would execute the database query for example. Control is then usually forwarded back through the controller to the appropriate view. The view is responsible for the

output of the model. A pure GUI view attaches to a model and renders

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

its contents to the display surface in addition when the model changes, the viewport automatically redraws the affected part of image to reflect this changes. A web application view just transforms the state of model into readable HTML. The forwarding can be implemented by lookup in a mapping in either a database or a file. These provides a loose coupling between the model and the view, which can make an application much easier to write and maintain.

Diagram :

By dividing the web application into a Model, View and Controller we can therefore, separate the presentation from the business logic. If the MVC architecture is designed purely, then a Model can have multiple views and controller. Also note that the model does not necessary have to be a Java servlet. In fact a single Java Servlet can offer multiple models. The Java Servlet is when you would place security login, user authentication and database pooling for example. After all these latter have nothing to do with the business logic of the web application or the presentation.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

MVC in Java Server Pages Now that we can have a convenient architecture to separate the view, how can we leverage that? Java Server Pages (JSP) becomes more interesting because the HTML content can be separated from the Java business objects. JSP can also make use of Java Beans. The business logic could be placed inside Java Beans. If the design is architected correctly, a web Designer could work with HTML on the JSP site without interfering the Java developer. The Model/View/Controller architecture also works with JSP. In fact it makes the initial implementation a little easier to write. The controller object is master Servlet, Every request goes through the controller who retrieves the necessary model object. The model may interact with other business entities such as database or Enterprise Java Beans(EJB). The model object sends the output results back to the controller. The controller takes the result and places it inside the web browser session and forwards a redirect request to a particular Java Server Page. The controller has to bind a model and a view, but it could be any model and associated any view. There in lies the flexibility and perhaps an insight to developing a very advanced dynamic controller that associates models to a view. The prior sections have concentrated on their being one controller, one model and one view. In practice, multiple controllers may exist but only one controls a sections of the application at a time. For example, the administrators functions may be controlled by one controller and the main logic is controlled by another. Since only one controller can be in control at a given time, they must communicate. There may also be multiple models but the controller takes the

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

simplified view presentation and maps it to the models appropriately and also translates that response back to the view. The view never needs to know how the logic is implemented.

The case for separating presentation and logic Decoupling data presentation and the program

implementation becomes beneficial since a change to one does not affect the other. This implies that both can be developed separately from the other: a division of labor. The look and feel the web application, the fronts, the colour and the layout can be revised without having to change any java code. As it should be. Similarly if the

business logic in application changes, for instance to improve performance and reliability, then this should not cause change in the presentation. A model- view controller based web application written with only java Servlets would give this decoupling. If the presentation changed then the java code that generates the HTML, the presentation in the view object only has to change. Similarly if the business logic changed then only the model object has to change. A web application built with MVC and java server pages would be slightly easier if the business logic is contained only in java beans. The presentation (JSP) should only access these beans through custom tag libraries. This means that the Java Beans did not have Java code that wrote HTML. Your beans would only concern themselves with the business logic and not the presentation. The JSP would get the data from the Beans and then display the presentation ( the view ). Decoupling is therefore easy. A change to the implementation only necessitates changes to the Java Beans. A change to the presentation only concern changes to the

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

relevant Java Server Page. With Java Server Pages a web designer who knows nothing about java can concentrate on the HTML layout, look and feel. While a Java developer can concentrate on the Java Beans and the core logic of the web application.

Advantages of model 2 architecture Since there is no presentation logic in JSP, there are no scriptlets. This means lesser nightmares. [Note that although Model 2 is directed towards elimination of scriptlets, it does not architecturellly prevent you from adding scriptlets. This has led to widespread misuse of Model 2 architecture.] With MVC you can have as many controller servlets in your web application. In fact you can have one Controller Servlet per module. However there are several advantages of having a single controller servlet for the entire web application. In a typical web application, there are several tasks that you want to do for every incoming request. For instance, you have to check if the user requesting an operation is authorized to do so. You also want to log the users entry and exit from the web application for every request. You might like to centralize the logic for dispatching requests to other views. The list goes on. If you have several controller servlets, chances are that you have to duplicate the logic for all the above logic for all the above tasks in all those places. A single controller servlet for the web application lets you centralize all the tasks in a single place. Elegant code and easier to maintain.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Web applications based on Model 2 architecture are easier to maintain and extend since the views do not refer to each other and there is no presentation logic in the views. It also allows you to clearly define the roles and responsibilities in large projects thus allowing better co-ordination among team members. Diagram

Methodology
Software development Model

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

The Spiral Model The Spiral model is an evolutionary software process that couples the iterative nature of prototyping with the controlled and systematic aspects of the linear requital model. It provides the potential for rapid development of incremental versions of the software. Using the spiral model, software is developed in a series of incremental releases.

Diagram :

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

A process model for software engineering is chosen based on the nature of the project and application, the methods and tools to be used and controls and deliverables that are required. Production Management System is developed by adopting the spiral model. The spiral model follows the iterative approach. A spiral is divided into number of framework activities or task regions. Production Management System is carried out in following phases : 1] Liaison ( Customer communication ) : Tasks required establishing effective communication between

developer and customer. 2] Planning : Tasks required defining resources, timelines and other projects related information. 3] Risk Analysis : Tasks required assessing technical, risk and cost tasks. 4] Engineering : Tasks required to asses both technical and management tasks. 5] Construction and release : Tasks required constructing, testing, installing and providing users support. 6] System evalution : Tasks required obtaining customer feedback on evalution of the software representations created during the engineering stage and implemented during the installation stage.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

The steps in the spiral model can be generalized as follows : The new system requirements are defined in as much detail as possible. This usually involves interviewing a number of users representing all the external or internal users and other aspects of the existing system. A preliminary design is created for the new system. A first prototype of the new system is constructed from the preliminary design. This is usually a scale-down system and represents an approximation of the characteristics of the final product. A second prototype is evolved by fourfold procedure : 1] Evaluating the first prototype in terms of its strengths, weaknesses and risks. 2] Defining the requirements of the second prototype. 3] Planning and designing the second prototype. 4] Constructing and testing the second prototype. At the customers option, the entire project can be aborted if the risk is deemed too great. Risk factors might involve development cost overruns, operating cost miscalculation, or any other factor that could in customers judgment, result in ales-than-satisfactory final product . The existing prototype is evaluated in the same manner as was the previous prototype, and if necessary, another prototype is developed from it according to the fourfold procedure outlined above. The preceding stepa are iterated until the customer is satisfied that the refined prototype represents the final product desired.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

The final system is constructed, based on the refined prototype.

The final system is thoroughly evaluated and tested. Routine maintenance is carried out on a continuing basis to prevent large-scale failures and to minimize downtime.

Project entry point axis : Each square in figure placed along the axis can be used to represent the starting point for different types of the projects

A concept development project start at the core of the spiral and will continue until concept

development is complete. If the concept is to be developed into an actual product, the process proceeds through the next square and a new development project is initiated. Enhancement projects can begin at the next entry point. Maintenance projects can begin at the next entry point.

Advantages: The spiral model is realistic approach to the development of large scale systems and software. Because software evolves as the process progresses , the developers and customers better understand and react to risk at each evolutionary level.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

The spiral model uses prototyping as a risk reduction mechanism but more important

enables the developer to apply the prototyping approach at any stage in the evolution of the product. It maintains the systematic stepwise approach suggested by the classic life cycle but

incorporates it into an iterative framework that more realistically reflects the real world. The spiral model demands a direct

consideration of technical risk at all stages of the project and if properly applied should reduce the risks before they become

problematic.

Disadvantages : It may be difficult to convince customers that the evolutionary approach is controllable. It demands considerable risk assessments

expertise and relies on this expertise for success. If major risk is not uncovered and managed problems will undoubtedly occur.

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Software And Hardware Requirement

Software Requirement : Technology Used : HTML, CSS, JSP, Servlet IDE Used : Net Beans 7.0 Database Server : My SQL Server 5.1 Web Server : Glass Fish 3.1 Operating System : Windows 7

Hardware Requirement : 256 MB RAM 10GB Storage space 2.00 GHz CPU Speed P-III Processor

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

System Analysis And Design


Object Oriented Analysis and Design Diagram : Object oriented analysis and design (OOAD) is a software engineering approach that models a system as a group of interacting objects. Each object represents some entity of entity in the interest of the system being modeled, and is characterised by its class, its state (data elements) and its behaviour. Various models can be created to show the static structure, dynamic behaviour and runtime deployment of these collaborating objects. There are a number of different notations for representing these models, such as the Unified Modeling Language (UML). Object Oriented analysis (OOA) applies object-modeling techniques to analyze the functional requirements for a system. Object- oriented design (OOD) elaborates the analysis models to produce implementation specifications. OOA focuses on what the system does, OOD on how the system does it. Object-oriented analysis (OOA) looks at the

problem domain, with the aim of producing a conceptual model of the information that exist in the area being analyzed. Analysis models do not consider any implementation constraints that might exist, such as concurrency, distribution, persistence or how the system is to be built. Implementation constraints are dealt during object-oriented

design(OOD). Analysis is done before the Design. Object- oriented design (OOD) transforms the conceptual model produced in object-oriented analysis to take account of the constraints imposed by the chosen architecture and any nofunctional technological or environmental constraints, such as transaction throughput, response time, run-time platform, development environment or programming language.

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Use Case Diagram : User :


System Create New Profile

Login

Edit Profile

View Profile

Change Password

Forgot Password Customer View Mini Statement

Balance Enquiry

Fund Transfer

Apply for Credit/Debit card

Apply for Loan

Logout Use case diagram for customer

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

System Create New Profile

Login

Edit Profile

View Profile

Change Password

Forgot Password Customer View Mini Statement

Balance Enquiry

Fund Transfer

Apply for Credit/Debit card

Apply for Loan

Logout Use case diagram for customer

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Class diagram:
customer(id) +Acccid +fname +mname +lname +uname +password +addr +city +gender +type +dob(date of birth) +pann no +mb no +Attribute1 +email +country +acctype +sque +ans +new user() +forgort password() +credit() +debit() +fund transfer() +balance enquiry() +apply loan() +view data() +update personal data() +mini statament() +all transaction() Admin +uname +pass +recruitemp() +view attendance emp() +view timesheet() +cust transaction() +decision loan() +view cust() +all cust transaction() Attendance(atdnc) +empid +dow(day of week) +dte(date) +intimeouttime +apply()

loan1 +lid +slt_tit +fname +mname +lname +slt_pro +slt_inc +add +city +rphone +ophone +mob +email +custid +crd +other +sta(status) +apply() +accept() +reject()

Staff(st1) +empid +fname +name +mname +address +slname +password +city +country +gender +dob +mbno +email +cust add() +change password() +view personal data() +update personal data() +attendance()

Transaction +trnid +Accid +actno +fromacc +date +remark +credit +debit +transfer money()

FeedBack +Name +Email +Comments +submit() Adac +Accid +actno +add new account()

Deposit +Accid +Acc_type +totalbal +deposit money()

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Deployment Diagram:

Computer

Web server

Database Server

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Sequence Diagram :
Customer 1 : Request for New User() 2 : Verify Customer() Bank Database

3 : Requested user is not registered for account() 4 : Request for New Registration accepted() 5 : Request for Login() 6 : Check For Existing Customer()

7 : Login Successful() 8 : Request for Changing Password()

9 : Enter new Password() 10 : Password entered()

11 : Password Changed() 12 : Request for forgot password()

13 : Enter Details() 14 : Details entered()

15 : Check password According to details()

16 : Response() 17 : Display Password() 18 : Request to view profile()

19 : Information has been displayed() 20 : Request For Edit Profile()

21 : Response() 22 : Request For Add Account()

23 : Response() 24 : Request For Fund Transfer() 25 : Check Account has been added or not()

26 : Response() 27 : Enter Amount() 28 : Amount Entered() 29 : Check for available balance()

30 : Balance Valid() 31 : Fund has been transferred to specific account() 32 : Request for mini statement() 33 : Get Fund Transfer Details()

34 : Display Details() 35 : Request for balance enquiery() 36 : Get Available balance details()

37 : Display Balance() 38 : Request for loan()

39 : Enter Details() 40 : Details Entered()

41 : Response()

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : Create Profile

Create Profile

Enter Details InValid

Valid Save Details

Display Details

Close Request

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : Login

Login

Enter Username Valid Invalid

Enter Password Valid Invalid

Login Success

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : Edit Profile

Edit Profile

Request For Profile Update

Edit Data InValid

Valid Save Data

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : View Data

View Data

Request For View Data

Retrieve Account Information

Display Information

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : Forgot Password

Forgot Password

Request For Forgot Password

Enter Details

Display Password

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : Change Password

Change Password

Request For Change Passowrd

Enter Old Password InValid Valid Enter New Password

InValid Valid Confirm New Password

InValid Valid Update Password

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : Money Transfer

Money Transfer

Request For Money Transfer

Verify Account

InValid Valid Enter Amount Check Balance InValid Valid

Transfer Money

Update Balance

Close Request

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : Balance Enquiry

Balance Enquiery

Request Balance

Retrieve Account Information

Display Balance

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : Request For Mini Statement

Mini Statement

Request Mini statement

Generate Mini Statement

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : Apply for Credit/Debit Card

Login

Apply For Credit/Debit

Fill Form Details

Verify Details InValid

Valid Applied Successfully

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Activity Diagram : Apply For Loan

Loan

Enter Details

Verify Details

InValid

Valid Loan Approved

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Main Page

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Customer Login

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Customer first time login

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Customer home page

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Fund transfer

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Add account for fund transfer

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Fund transfer by selecting account from list

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Account page

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Account summary

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Account statement

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Staff Interface:

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Assign Kit to customer

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

Database
1) Table name:-admin Field uname Pass Type Key Varchar(10) Varchar(10) Default {null} {null} Privileges select,insert,update select,insert,update

2) Employee_info Field Type Key empid Int(7) Pri fname Varchar(30) mname Varchar(30) Lname Varchar(30) Address Varchar(100) Sname Varchar(30) Password Varchar(30) City Varchar(30) Country Varchar(30) Gender Varchar(10) Dob Date Mbno Int(15) email Varchar(30)

Default {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null}

Privileges select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update

3) Table name:-customer_info Field Type Key Accid Int(7) PRI Fname Varchar(20) Mname Varchar(20) Lname Varchar(20) Photo Varchar(20) Sign Varchar(20) Addr Varchar(100) City Varchar(20) Gender Varchar(10) Type Varchar(20) Dob Date Panno Int(20) Mbno Int(15) Email Varchar(20) Country Varchar(20) Acctype Varchar(20)

Default {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null}

Privileges select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

sque Ans

Varchar(20) Varchar(20)

{null} {null}

select,insert,update select,insert,update

4) Table name:-Add_account Field Type Key Accid int(7) Frn actno int(15)

Default {null} {null}

Privileges select,insert,update select,insert,update

5) Balance enquiery,Table name:- deposit(main table for transaction) Field cid Accid Acc_type totalbal Type Key Int(7) Frn Int(7) Frn Varchar(15) Int(20) Default Privileges select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update

{null} {null}

6)Table name:-transaction Field Type Key Trnid Int(7) Pri Accid Int(7) Frn Actno Int(15) Fromacc Int(15) Date Date Remark Varchar(20) Credit Int(10) Debit Int(10)

Default {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null}

Privileges select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update

7)Table name:-CustomerLogin Field Cid username Password logintime Date Type Key Int(7) Frn Varchar(40) Varchar(40) Varchar(20) Date Default { null} {null} {null} {null} {null} Privileges select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

8)Table name:-KitTable Field Kitid KitNo password Cid Date Type Key Int(7) Varchar(40) Varchar(40) Int(7) Date Default { null} {null} {null} {null} {null} Privileges select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update

9)Table name:- loan Filed Type Key Lid Int(7) PRI Ltype Int(7) Slt_tit Varchar(20) Fname Varchar(20) Mname Varchar(20) Lname Varchar(20) Slt_pro Varchar(50) Slt_inc Varchar(20) add Varchar(100) city varchar(50) pin Int(15) rphone Int(15) Ophone Int(15) mob Int(15) Email Varchar(30) Accid Int(15) PAN Varchar(30) other Varchar(50) Sta Varchar(20)

Default {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} {null} 1 {null} {null} {null}

Privileges select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update select,insert,update

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

TESTING
Introduction: Software testing is an investigation conducted to provide Stakeholders with information about the quality of the product or service under test.[1] software testing also provides an objective, independent view of the software to allow the business to appreciate and understand the risks at implementation of the software. The techniques include, but are not limited to, the process of the executing a program or application with the intent of finding software bugs. Software testing can also be stated as the process of validating and verifying that a software program/application/product: Meets the business and technical requirements that guided its design and development; Works as expected; and Can be implemented with the same characteristics. Software testing, depending on the testing method

employed, can be implemented at any time in the development process. However, most of the test effort occurs after the requirements have been defined and the coding process has been completed. As such, the methodology of the test is governed by the software development methodology adopted

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Testing Levels: Unit Testing Unit testing refers to tests that verify the functionality of a

specific section of code, usually at the function level. In an objectoriented environment, this is usually at the class level, and the minimal unit tests include the constructors and destructors. These type of tests are usually written by developers as they work on code (white-box style), to ensure that he specific function is working as expected. One function might have multiple tests, to catch corner cases or other branches in the code. Unit testing alone cannot verify the functionality of a piece of software, but rather is used to assure that the building blocks the software uses work independently of each other. Unit testing is also called component testing.

Integration Testing Integration testing is any type of software testing that

seeks to verify the interfaces between components against a software design. Software components may be integrated in an iterative way or all tzed more quickly and fixed. Integration testing works to expose defects in the interfaces and interaction between integrated components [modules]. Progressively larger groups of tested software components

corresponding to elements of the architectural design are integrated and tested until the software works as a system.

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System Testing System testing tests a completely integrated system to

verify that it meets its requirements. Regression Testing Regression testing focuses on finding defects after a major code changed has occurred. Specifically, it seeks to uncover software regressions, or old bugs that have come back. Such regressions occur whenever software functionality that was previously working correctly stops working as intended. Typically, regression occurs as an unintended consequence of program changes, when the newly developed part of the software collides with the previously existing code. Common methods of regression testing include re-running previously run tests and checking whether previously fixed faults have re-emerged. The depth of testing depends on the phase in the release process and the risk of the added features. They can either be complete, for changes added late in the release or deemed to be risky, to very shallow, consisting of positive test on each feature, if the changes are early in the release or deemed to be of low risk.

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Acceptance Testing Acceptance testing can mean one of two things: A smoke test is used as an acceptance test prior to

introducing a new build to the main testing process, i.e. before integration or regression. Acceptance testing performed by the customer, often in their lab environment on their own hardware, is known as user acceptance testing [UAT].Acceptance testing may be performed as part of the hand-off process between any two phases of

development.[citation needed]

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Testing Types

White Box Testing White box testing is when the tester has access to the

internal data structures and algorithms including the code that implement these. Types of white box testing The following types of white box testing exist: API testing [application programming application using public and private APIs. Code coverage - Creating tests to satisfy some criteria of code coverage [e.g., the test designer can create test to cause all statements in the program to be executed at once]. Fault injection methods - Improving the coverage of a test by introducing faults to test code paths. Mutation testing methods Static testing - White box testing includes all static testing Test coverage White box testing methods can also be used to evaluate the completeness of a test that was created with black box testing methods. This allows the software team to examine part of a system that are rarely tested and ensure that the most important function points have been tested. Black Box Testing Black box testing treats the software as a black boxwithout any knowledge of internal implementation. Black box testing interface] - Testing of the

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Finolex Academy of Management & Technology, Ratnagiri ,Department of MCA

methods include: equivalence partitioning, boundary value analysis, allpairs testing, fuzz testing, model-based testing, traceability matrix, exploratory testing and specification-based testing. Specification-based testing: Specification-based testing aims to test the functionality of software according to the applicable requirements. [22] Thus, the tester inputs data into, and only sees the output from, object. This level of testing usually requires thorough test cases to be provided to the tester, who then can simply verify that for a given input, the output value [or behavior], is or is not the same as the excepted value specified in the test case. Specification-based testing is necessary, but it is insufficient to guard against certain risks. Advantages and disadvantages : The black box tester has no bonds with the code, and a testers perception is very simple: a code must have bugs. Using the principle, Ask and you shall receive, black box testers find bugs where programmers do not. But, on the other hand, black box testing has been said to be like a walk in a dark labyrinth without a flashlight, because the tester doesnt know how the software being tested was actually constructed. As a result, there are situations when [1] a tester writes many test cases to check something that could have been tested by only one test case, an /or [2] some parts of the back-end are not tested at all. Therefore, black box testing has the advantage of an unaffiliated opinion, on the one hand, and the disadvantage of blind exploring, on the other.

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Limitations And Future Enhancement

There are some limitations for the current system to which solutions can be Provided as a future development: 1) The Administrator of the web site can be given more functionality, like looking at a specific customers profile, the items that have to be reordered, etc. 2) Multiple shopping carts can be allowed. 3) In the next iteration we have thought of giving the users the choice of having a voice chat with their respective buyer/seller if they are online. 4) In addition to the above points, in the text iteration the user can be provided with a feature of adding videos of their respective products. 5) Each and every transaction will be monitored by software and on that basic the buyers and sellers will be allotted some enhanced offers, also the users who abuse the rules and regulations will be black listed. 6) The content of help menu will be more elaborated so as to gain help to the desired users.

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Conclusion
The Internet has become a major resource in modern business, thus electronic shopping has gained significance not only from the entrepreneurs but also from the customers point of view. For the entrepreneur, electronic shopping generates new business opportunities and for the customer, it makes comparative shopping possible. As per a survey, most consumers of online stores are impulsive and usually make a Website design is like a shop interior. If the shop looks poor or like hundreds of other shops the customer is most likely to skip to the other site. Hence we have designed the project to provide the user with easy navigation, retrieval of data and necessary feedback as much as possible. In this project, the user is provided with an e-commerce web site that can be used to buy or sell products online. To implement this as a web application we used Java Server Pages and Servlet as the Technology. JSP has several advantages such as enhanced performance, scalability, built in security and simplicity. JSP are translated and compiled into JAVA servlet but are easier to develop, JSP uses simplified scripting language based syntax for embedding HTML into JSP, JSP reps all the benefits provided by JAVA servlet and web container environment, but they have an added advantage of being simpler and more natural program for web enabling enterprise developer, MYSQL was used as back-end database since it is one of the most popular open source databases, and it provides fast data access, easy installation and simplicity. A good shopping cart design must be accompanied with userfriendly shopping cart application logic. It should be convenient for the customer to view the contents of their cart. The shopping cart

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application described in this project provides a number of features that are designed to make the customer more comfortable. This project helps in understanding the creation of an interactive web page and the technologies used to implement it. The design of the project which includes Data Model and Process Model illustrates how the database is built with different tables, how the data is accessed and processed from the tables. The building of the project has given me a precise knowledge about how JAVA Server Pages is used to develop a website,how it connects to the database to access he data and how the data and web pages are modified to provide the user with a shopping cart application.

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Bibliography Reference Books : JSP Beginners Author : Ivan Bayross, Sharanam Shah, Cynthia Bayross, Vaishali Shah

JSP Projects Author: Sharanam Shah, Vaishali Shah

JSP 2.0 The Complete Reference, Second Edition Author: Hanna, Philip

JSP Professional Author: Vivek Chopra, Sing Li, Jeff Genender

JavaScript Author: Douglas Crockford

Ebooks Referred : Prentice More Servlets and JSP Pages OReilly Java Servlet Programming

Websites Referred : www.roseindia.net/java/ www.java.sun.com www.mysql.com www.w3schools.com

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