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NAME __________________ Mr.

Buckingham AP Literature and Composition 1 June 2012 (Friday) AP Literature Summer Readings DUE DATE: AUGUST 1st, emailed before midnight to jbuckingham@kenoshastjoseph.com. Make sure to read the entire handout. This will hopefully address all your questions. TEXTS These two texts are the bases for your critical analogy paper. Guidelines for your paper are based upon these texts alone. 1) Einsteins Dreams by Alan Lightman. Publisher: Vintage (144 pp.) ISBN 978-1400077809 Amazon: $9.99 Kindle, $10.99 Paperback, $15.00 Hardcover Pantheon 1st Ed. 2) Labyrinths Selected Stories and Other Writings by Jorge Luis Borges Edited by Donald A. Yates & James E. Irby. New Directions (240 pp.) ISBN 978-0811216999 Amazon: $10.85 THE PAPERS FOCUS - TITLE Thematic focus of this paper is: Choosing in Times Dreamy Maze. This is not your title. You will generate your own title which is reflective of your personal take on the general thematic content of your paper and on your debatable thesis. Titles are not afterthoughts. Work your titles. Superb titles show superb writing. READING STRATEGY A recommended strategy is to read Einsteins Dreams first. As you read, make margin notes and other comments on the general storyline of Einsteins 30 dreams over 3 months back in 1905 in Berne, Switzerland. 1905 was Einsteins Annus Mirabilis. Make a short list of the 30 dated dreams (not the interludes) that really made an impact on you. That list should have at least 3 but no more than 5 dreams. Note what happens to time in each of those dated entries that you chose. Next, read Labyrinths. This on many levels is the more challenging of the two texts. For now, only read the short stories section. The Essays and Parables will be covered in class. As you read the 23 short stories keep in mind those stories that definitely have a theme that connects with both Time and Choices. Some stories will have this connection and some will not. [The first story is a stumbler. Dont get stuck in its Third Orbit, Orbis Tertius. It does get easier.] After having read and annotated the stories portion of Labyrinths, pick your favorite. The one you found most engaging. Now you are ready for the next step. THE PAPER THESIS Make sure to read these prompts in their entirety. Go back to Einsteins Dreams. Select the one most thought provoking entry from your short list. Ask yourself these questions: Is there a choice here? Does choice matter? Is time linear, circular, disjunctive or immaterial? Are we trapped or freed by time? Do choices and time connect or are they just random? Does one choice in one time restrict one to one path? Are the paths infinite, innumerable? Are we rats in a maze? Are we heroes on a labyrinthine journey? Which is it? Decide and then argue for it = Thesis = Debatable. If all agree or disagree with your thesis, then your thesis is not strong enough. Read On, Brave One

PAPERS STRUCTURE Your paper is readily divisible into 5 parts (not paragraphs, the 5-paragraph essay is an artificial, middle-school concept) that seamlessly transition from one part to another. First Paragraph One begins at the beginning. Create an engaging hook to open your paper with. Refrain from using quotes this is a rather tiresome device that someone once thought was clever. An outside quote simply says that you arent sure what to say yourself. In your first paragraph lay out the plan of what you intend to do without actually spelling out what you intend to do. Your hook leads to a thought which goes to the two texts in question, which share a common theme or connection. What is that connection and what is your take on that? This quickly distills to your debatable thesis which revolves around the one entry from Einsteins Dreams. By the end of the first paragraph, you will underline your one-sentence debatable thesis statement that applies to Einsteins Dreams. Immediately after this sentence, double-underline the next one-sentence that is your Universal Application. The Universal Application is simply removing the specific references to Einsteins Dreams and now making the same statement generically. By Universal Application one is saying that this is debatable just like your novel thesis from which it is derived. [Note: A hybrid thesis contains both the novel and the universal in one sentence.] Keep all of your theses sentences short and to the point. The more striking the better. You can then end your first paragraph here or add a transition sentence to go the next phase. Title Before you proceed past your first paragraph, you also need a Title. Your Title and your Thesis will be your guide, your rudder, for the entire paper. If ever you deviate from either then you know that you are going off-task. Think then write. Do not write before you think. During the first week of July you may send me your first page for ungraded feedback. Next Phase Einsteins Dreams (Choosing 1 of 50 Dreams) In 1 to 2 pages, get to the point as to where in the entry you find evidence of your thesis. First, explain briefly what is going on with time in the diary entry. What decisions or indecisions occurred as to time and choice that is evident in the dated entry? Cite the full date of the entry. Use short quotes from the text to back your points. Do not bring up Labyrinths yet. Transition then to the next step Phase Three Labyrinths Analogy Application (Choosing 1 of 23 Stories) Apply the time concept idea of your Einsteins Dreams choice to your Labyrinths choice. The time concept can be applied at any point in the story. Where you apply the time concept makes a significant difference, which is totally your choice. Has anything now changed? Bring up short quotes from the Labyrinths story to highlight your ideas and show the relevance of your connections. You only have 1 to 2 full pages to do this in. Make sure to have a transition sentence to the next focus. Universal Application Phase Four You have now left behind both texts. No longer can you quote from either source. The task at hand is to come up with a relevant example. Create a current, generic application (no real names or situations) that can involve anything to do with time, choices and a maze of possibilities. Here you are simply proofing that your thesis is valid and goes beyond the texts themselves. You have but a to ths of a page to make your Universal Application. From here you can see the homestretch. Let the reins out and with your last transition sentence sprint to The Summary/Conclusion, the fine Finis In one paragraph that does not exceed a of a page, bring all the parts back together for a quick final reflection and a parting thought. Here is a good place to reconnect with your title. And more

PAPER LENGTH Minimum of 4 full to a Maximum of 6 to 7 full pages. Page count does not include your Works Cited page OR your Quotes page. GENERAL NOTES Storyline Spitback: A common error in papers is to simply retell or summarize the storyline. That is not an engaging paper and your grade will reflect this. AND woe be you! Go beyond summarization. I know the two texts and I assume you do too. The real issue is that you dont have the luxury of retelling the story because you are limited to a certain amount of pages. Content drives Length: Welcome to the world of true writing. When you write for content versus length, you will find that good content automatically produces length. You have a problem, Houston. What is that problem? The problem is that you have to write a 4 to 6 page paper. Thats the problem? Your real problem is that you ONLY are allowed 4 to 6 pages to write your striking paper. With so much to cover and having (or you should have) so much to say that you need to really focus. Problem at hand is to narrow your focus and to write concisely. KISS. Keep it strikingly simple. I think that I believe and that is why I state this: Who is writing this paper? Whose thoughts are these? Why would you qualify your thoughts? When you speak, are you a pirate who goes, I, I, I, I? I is assumed. Learn to write without the I. Put your writing on a diet. See where all the fluff and extras are that you might have written in the past to take up space. Remember, your new problem is this: You only have so much space. DOCUMENT TYPE AND MLA FORMATTING Microsoft Word documents only accepted. Paper, Works Cited and Quotes Page are all in 1 Doc. For MLA Formatting, the Purdue OWL Website is one of the best: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/ QUOTES PAGE Quotes play neither a minor nor a major part of your overall paper. You may not use any block quotes. A block quote is where one single quote exceeds more than 4 lines. All of your textual quotes (only use the 2 source texts) are confined to Parts 1 3. With that in mind, the total extent of your quotes should equal a range of 15% to 20% of those page counts. For example if you have a total of 3 full pages before you begin the Universal Application, then your total quotes should equal anywhere from .45 (minimum) to .6 (maximum) of a full page. Create a Quotes Page by doing an Insert Page Break after the Works Cited Page. For every quote simply run them together with one space in between. Your Quotes page will show your progress as to how you are doing with your ratios. Keep it all in the same double-spaced MLA formatting. PLAGIARISM Dont even think about it. If they are not your words then they are stolen. All papers will be submitted to Turnitin.com. All Word documents must have only your name as author and no other name in the Document Properties. Any plagiarism whatsoever is an automatic zero. This is a big tank for your grade and not worth it. PAPER ASSESSMENT VALUE is WORTH 300 Points Due to its high impact, the grade for this paper will be held back until other assessments are first posted for a proper balance. SUMMER READINGS will also have other assessments at the beginning of the Term.