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English 1

Quarter 3: Poetry Module 1: Features, Bases, Sources and Topic Structures of Ancient Filipino Poetry EXPLORE Your Understanding Understanding

At this phase, your background knowledge, readiness and competency on the prerequisite skills to the tasks at hand will be checked and evaluated. It is expected that at the end of the lesson you will be able to perform a rap rendition of a well-selected Filipino poem which will be assessed based on the following criteria: focus/theme, voice, delivery, fluency, flow and rhythm, musical quality and originality. Are you all set? Activity 1 Look at the pictures below and identify the Filipino custom and tradition each of them depicts.

Source: http://www.tripsandtips.info.people/



Source: http://pinoylife.jp/news/detail.php?news_seq5808

Source: http://madlyconfused.tumblr.com/page/2



Source: http://www.demotix.com/photo/290685/filipino-customs-and- traditions-during-holy-week




Source: http://www.pinoyadventurista.com/2011/04/pinoyfestivsal-pahiyas-festival-in.html


Source: http://s4.zetaboards.com/Igorot_Pride/topic/8348327/1/


Source: http://Shotnroll.com/2010/04/penitensya-penance-holy-week-tradition-in-the-philippines


Source: http://www.axlppi.com/2010/12/simbang-gabi.html

10. Activity 2

Source: http://easyoutsource.com/blog/philippine-holidays/

Read each line from songs and poems and tell the Filipino customs, traditions, belief and ideals they show. Magtanim ay Di Biro Magtanim ay di biro Maghapong nakayuko Di naman makatayo Di naman makaupo Bisig ko'y namamanhid Baywang ko'y nangangawit. Binti ko'y namimintig Sa pagkababad sa tubig. Kay-pagkasawing-palad Ng inianak sa hirap, Ang bisig kung di iunat, Di kumita ng pilak.

Planting Rice Is Never Fun I

Planting (rice) is never fun, Bent from up 'till the set of sun. Can not stand and cannot sit, cannot rest for a little bit. Planting (rice) is no fun, Bent from up 'till the set of sun. Can not stand and cannot sit, cannot rest for a little bit. Come now, come now my fellow workers. Let us do some stretching muscles, Let us renew our strength, For the work tomorrow. II My arms are numb My waist is tired My legs are aching From staying long in the water. III Come now, come now It is unfortunate to be born poor If the muscles are not flexed, we would not earn a living.

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Aking Bituin O, ilaw, sa gabing malamig Wangis mo'y bituin sa langit. O, tanglaw, sa gabing tahimik Larawan mo, Neneng, Nagbigay pasakit. Ay! Gising at magbangon Sa pagkagupiling Sa pagkakatulog Na lubhang mahimbing. Buksan ang bintana At ako'y dungawin Nang mapagtanto mo Ang tunay kong pagdaing.

My Star O, light, in the cold night Youre like a star in the sky O, light, in the quiet night Your picture, Neneng, Makes one hurt. Oh! Awake and arise from slumber from your sleep So deep Open your window and look out to me So that you may understand My true lament.

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Activity 3 (Poetic Lines Or Not?) Check the lines that suggest poetry. Justify your answer. _________ 1. First, a poem must be magical, Then musical, as the sea gull. It must be a brightness moving And hold a secret birds flowering. _________ 2. Long ago there lived a monkey and his friend turtle. __________ 3. It must be slender as a bell. And must hold fire as well. __________ 4. Even as the bough breaks from the sheer weight of the song so does my heart break with love, so my river will flow to kiss the seas warm eternal breast, so will my islands poise their hills against the sun, __________ 5. Filipinos love to celebrate. Activity 4 (EQ Discovery) Rearrange the phrases to form the Essential Question. Write it on the space provided and answer it based on your background knowledge and past experiences. Reason: _________ _______________ _______________ Reason: _________ _______________ _______________ Reason: _________ _______________ _______________ Reason: _________ _______________ _______________

Reason: _________ _______________ _______________

ancient Filipino poetry

of local ideals

reflect the embodiment

and functions

How does

feelings, aspirations

Essential Question: __________________________________________________________? Answer: __________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________


Activity 4 (K-W-L-S Chart) Complete the table with the necessary information. Write on the first column K everything you know about ancient Filipino poetry, on the second column W the things you want to know about it. Complete the L and S columns as you proceed with the lesson. K (What you know) W (What you want to know) L (What you learned) S (Significance/Importance)

Are you done? Very good! Let us now advance to the next phase.

FIRM UP Your Understanding

At present, you will discover the features, bases, sources and topic structures of ancient Philippine poetry. Here, you will crystallize/illustrate your knowledge and use basal adjectives in varied activities. You will also reflect, revise and rethink your understanding. After this you may go back to Activity 4 (K-W-L-S Chart) in the Explore Phase and list down the things that you have learned L and their significance/importance S. Introduction The ideas explored in poems are related to what interests us in life. Ancient Philippine poetry depicts Filipino customs, traditions, beliefs, ideals and culture. It serves as a useful tool by which Filipinos express their feelings and aspirations in life. It has become the most effective vehicle in preserving Philippine culture, ideals and heritage. The sources, bases, features and topic structure contribute to attain meaning and uniqueness in ancient Filipino poem. Words in poetry are selected for their beauty, sound and power to express feelings.

Lesson 1: Recognizing Structure Riddles let you have a peek at the richness of Philippine culture. They are witty and puzzling questions in which the answers are mostly objects, animals and fruits found in the Philippines. They are a form of poetry because they rhyme. Riddles are used for entertainment, mental exercises and amusement. They are used by Filipinos to while the time away and to show their talent. Filipino riddles deal largely with animals, plants and objects of local character. They have been passed from one generation to another and their origins can never be traced. Proverbs like riddles were also popular among the Filipinos. They use proverbs to express lessons in life which they must learn by heart. They are statements which are loaded with meanings. Just like riddles they are also a form of poetry. Filipinos are music lovers by nature. Since ancient times, folksongs have been also used by Filipinos to express their aspirations, beliefs and ideals. They did tasks while humming tunes or singing. They sang for any reason. They sang when theyre happy. They sang when theyre sad. They sang when theyre inspired. They sang when they faced difficulties. They even sang during battles! Each riddle, proverb and folksong signifies worthwhile experiences our forefathers wanted to share with us. Activity 6 Below are samples of Tagalog riddles and their English translation. Give the answer to each of them and prove which aspect of life is used as the subject. 1. Isang balong malalim, punong-puno ng patalim. A deep well that is full of chisels. Answer: ____________________ 2. Dalawang batong maitim, malayo ang dinarating. Two black stones that reach far. Answer: ____________________ 3. Dalawang balon, hindi malingon. Two wells, which you cannot turn to look at. Answer: ___________________ 4. Naligo ang kapitan, hindi nabasa ang tiyan. The captain took a bath without his belly getting wet. Answer: ___________________ 5. Dalawa kong kahon, buksan walang ugong. My two boxes are opened without a sound. Answer: ___________________

6. Limang puno ng niyog, isa'y matayog. Five coconut trees, one stands out. Answer: ____________________ 7. Aling ibon dito sa mundo ang lumilipad at sumususo ang anak? Which bird in this world flies yet its young suckles? Answer: ____________________ 8. Nang hatakin ko ang baging, nagkagulo ang mga matsing. When I tugged on the vine, the monkeys went crazy. Answer: ____________________ 9. Nariyan na si Ambo, dala-dala niya ay siya. Ambo is coming, carrying himself. Answer: ____________________ 10. Dahong pinagbungahan, bungang pinagdahunan. Leaves that bore fruit, fruit that bore leaves. Answer: ____________________ Activity 7 Here are samples of proverbs. Choose one and explain its impact in the past, its relevance at present and its significance in the future. Write your answers in your activity notebook. Tagalog proverb: Ang tunay na pag-anyaya, dinadamayan ng hila. English translation: A sincere invitation is augmented by a pull. Tagalog proverb: Bago mo sabihin at gawin, makapitong iisipin. English translation: Before you say and do, think about it seven times. Tagalog proverb: Kung di ukol, di bubukol. English translation: If it isn't related to the matter at hand, it's irrelevant. Tagalog proverb: Nasa Diyos ang awa, nasa tao ang gawa. English translation: God helps those who help themselves. Tagalog proverb: Kung walang tiyaga, walang nilaga. English translation: Without perseverance, there is no reward. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________ Activity 8 Match up fractured phrases of ancient Filipino poems. Choose the lines that strike you the most. Explain which aspect makes them meaningful, interesting and effective.

A Sweet little songs Tunes so pure When lovers I give them voice

B Are timid and mute And full of love I make them bold I make

Line/s that strike/s you the most ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ Aspect/s that make/s them meaningful, interesting and effective ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
Lesson 2: Language Focus: Single-Word Adjectives

The clothes you wear, the people you know, and the place you live would be dull topics of conversation if you had no adjectives to describe them. Adjectives add life, color, and feeling to language. Understanding how adjectives work and how to use them effectively can make your use of language more precise and interesting. Adjectives are words that modify or describe nouns and pronouns. They tell the size, shape, quality/kind and color (descriptive adjectives). They may also limit the meaning of nouns and pronouns by quantifying and qualifying them (limiting adjectives). The subject of the sentence as well as the objects of the verb and prepositions may be expanded by using adjectives/adjective phrases. Look at the following sentences. 1. Sweet songs lulled the little baby to sleep. (Sweet modifies songs and little describes baby.) 2. Lovers are timid and mute.


(Timid and mute modify/describe lovers.) 3. Then too soon the babies grow big and tall.

(Big and tall modify/describe lovers.) Activity 9 Read the poem The Sampaguita by Natividad Marquez. Then underline the descriptive adjectives in it and encircle the word each of them modifies. Explain the meaning of the poem by using adjectives. The Sampaguita Natividad Marquez Little sampaguita With the wondering eye Did a tiny fairy Drop you where you lie? In the witching hour Of the tropic night Did the careless moonbeam Leave you in its plight? What does the poem mean? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ Activity 10 Copy and complete the following poem. Think of other adjectives that may be used to replace those in the original version.. The Sampaguita ____________________ _________________ sampaguita With the ___________________eye Did a _________________ fairy Drop you where you lie? In the _____________ hour Of the _______________ night

Did the _______________ moonbeam Leave you in its plight? Activity 11 Read another sample of Filipino poetry. Box the adjectives and underline the words they modify. To Don Juan
Angela Manalang Gloria

It was not loveWhy should I love you? It was not folly, for I was wise, Yet when you looked at me, your looking Opened a kingdom to my eyes, It was not love, it was not folly, I have no name to call it by, I only know one shining instant You held my earth, you held my sky. Is the experience being communicated real or purely imaginary? Justify and write your answer in your activity notebook. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ Activity 12 Choose one poem from the previous activities and find out how the author conveys significant experience by answering the following questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. TITLE:__________________________________________ What is it about? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Who is speaking? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ What attitude does it communicate? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Is there a comparison made in the poem? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Is the comparison accurate?

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 6. Are there lines which you disagree? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 7. How do you feel about the poem? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 8. What is the purpose of the poem? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 9. What do you think does the poem mean? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 10. Is the message or the meaning worthwhile? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 11. How does the poem make you hear, see, taste, feel and smell the aspects of life? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 12. How does the poem relive or unlock the past? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 13. How do the rhyme and sounds of the poem contribute to its meaning? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Activity 13 Classify the following lines as riddles or proverbs. Write P for proverbs and R for riddles. Then write the answers to the riddles.
___________ 1. Isang prinsesa, nakaupo sa tasa. A princess seated in a cup. ___________ 2. Nariyan na si Kaka bubukabukaka. Elder brother is coming with his legs wide apart. ___________ 3. Tuso man ang matsing, napaglalangan din. No matter how wise a monkey is, he can still be outwitted. ___________ 4. Ang di marunong lumingon sa pinanggalingan, di makararating sa paroroonan. Anyone who does not know how to look back where he came from will not reach his destination. ___________ 5. Kapag apaw na ang takalan, kailangang kalusan. When the pot runs over, you need to level the water off. ___________6. Habang maikli ang kumot, matutong mamaluktot. When the blanket is short, learn to curl up under it. ___________ 7. Ang lumakalad nang matulin kung matinik ay malalim. Anyone who walks fast gets pricked deeper. ___________ 8. Baboy ko sa Marinduque, balahiboy pako. My pet swine in Marinduque has nails for hair. ___________ 9. Huli man daw at magaling ay naihahabol din. 13

Though late but great can still be admitted. ___________ 10. Walang paay lumalakad, walang matay lumuluha. It doesnt have feet but it walks, it doesnt have eyes but it cries.

DEEPEN Your Understanding

At this phase, you will reflect, revisit, rethink and revise your earlier assumptions about ancient Philippine poetry through thought-provoking questions as well as challenging activities. Here, you will also be engaged in meaningful self-evaluation.

Activity 14 Read the poem that follows. Then relate, compare and connect its subject to present day happenings. Write your reactions in your activity notebook.

The Song of Maria Clara

by Jose Rizal (A Translation from the Spanish by Nick Joaquin)

Sweet hours in the native country, where friendly shines the sun above! Life is a breeze that sweeps the meadows; Tranquil is death; most tender, love. Warm kisses on the lips are playing As we awake to mothers face: The arms are seeking to embrace her, The eyes are smiling as they gaze. How sweet to die for the native country, where friendly shines the sun above! Death is the breeze for him who has No country, no mother, and no love!
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Activity 14 Make a poster showcasing your favorite line/s from any of the ancient Philippine poetry. Highlight the adjectives used.


Activity 15 Copy and complete each numbered sentence with appropriate adjective. 1. Public school students donated _____________________ food to the victims of calamity. 2. The governor assured his constituents that they will have ________________ drinking water in no time at all. 3. Roselle and Patrick read ________________poems. 4. I need to look for the _____________ folder with ____________ papers. 5. Theodore ordered ________________ dessert. 6. Wenceslao doesnt like anyone who wears ___________ clothes. 7. We are called to help save ___________________ animals. 8. ______________ waste materials should be placed in the green container. 9. The _____________ leader was praised for his __________ achievements. 10. Jose Carlo and Carlito have just purchased _____________ cars. Activity 16 Write the lyrics of a folksong you, your mother or your grandmother used to sing. Then explain the beliefs, ideals or attitudes the song explains or illustrates.

______________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________


Beliefs, Ideals or Attitudes the Song Explains or Illustrates ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________

Activity 16 Pretend that you are an illustrator for childrens books. Your job is to create a drawing that will best illustrate the meaning of the poem below.

Source: Clip art on office online

My Islands
N.V.M. Gonzales

Even as the bough breaks from the sheer weight of the song so does my heart break with love, so my river will flow to kiss the seas warm eternal breast, so will my islands poise their hills against the sun, My heart is proud of this dream and prouder yet my rivers of the faith that keeps the pace of tides and moons, and prouder still my islands of their hills.


Source: Clip art on office online

My Islands
N.V.M. Gonzales

Even as the bough breaks from the sheer weight of the song so does my heart break with love, so my river will flow to kiss the seas warm eternal breast, so will my islands poise their hills against the sun, My heart is proud of this dream and prouder yet my rivers of the faith that keeps the pace of tides and moons, and prouder still my islands of their hills.


Activity 17 Create a script for a commercial of a new product. The commercial should highlight the values, attitudes, ideals and beliefs used as subjects in ancient Philippine poetry. Use descriptive adjectives.

Are you done? Very Good!

Now that you have understood and internalized that the ancient Filipino poetry served as the most effective vehicle for expressing and preserving Philippine culture, ideals, and heritage, you will transfer that understanding to real world task.


TRANSFER Your Understanding

At this phase you will make independent applications of your understanding of ancient Filipino poetry as well as the forms and functions of basal adjectives. You will find out the connection between the tasks and the world.

Activity 18 Rap songs are effective musical expressions of a singers feelings, thoughts, attitudes, and aspirations in life. Recall the rap song Mga Kababayan Ko by the Francis Magalona.

Mga Kababayan Ko
Francis Magalona

Chorus Mga kababayan ko (My countrymen) Dapat lang malaman nyo (Its right for you to know.) Bilib ako sa kulay ko (Im proud of my color.) Ako ay Pilipino (I am a Filipino.) Kung may itim o may puti (If theres black or white) Mayron namang kayumanggi (Theres also brown.) Isipin mo na kaya mong (Think that you can) Abutin ang yong minimithi (Reach your aspirations.) Dapat magsumikap para tayoy di maghirap (We should strive so that we wont suffer.) Ang trabaho mo pagbutihin mo (Do your job well) Dahil pag gusto mo ay kaya mo (Because if you want it, you can do it.) Kung kaya mo ay kaya nya (If you can, he can do it, too.) At kaya nating dalawa (And we both can do it.) Magaling ang atin (What we have is great.) Yan ang laging iisipin (Always bear that in mind.) Pag asensoy mararating (Progress will come) Kung handa kang tiisin (If youre ready to bear) Ang hirap at pagod sa problema (Poverty and tiredness, with problems) Wag kang malunod (Dont get drowned.) Umaahon ka wag lumubog (Get up, dont sink) Pagkat ginhawa naman ang susunod (Because good life will come next.) Iwasan mo ang inggit (Avoid envy.) Ang sa ibay ibig mong makamit (Desiring what others have)

Dapat nga ikawy matuwa sa napala ng iyong kapatid (You should be glad with what your brother has achieved.) Ibig kung ipabatid (I just want to let it be known.) Na lahat tayoy kapit bisig (That were arm to arm) Repeat chorus Respetohin natin ang ating ina (Respect our mother.) Ilaw siya ng tahanan (Shes the light of the home.) Bigyang galang ang ama (Give respect to our father.) At ang payo ang susundan (Their advice should be followed.) At sa magkakapatid (And siblings) Kailangan ay magmahalan (Need to love one another.) Dapat lang ay pag-usapan ang hindi nauunawaan (What is not understood should be talked about.) Wag takasan ang pagkukulang (Do not run away from mistakes.) Kasalanan ay panagutan (Take responsibility for your sins.) Magmalinis ay iwasan (Avoid being self-righteous) Nakakainis marumi naman (Its annoying, youre sinful, too) Ang magkaaway ipagbati (Help settle issues between foes.) Gumitna ka at wag kumampi (Stay neutral, dont take sides.) Lahat tayoy magkakapatid (We are all brothers.) Anumang mali ay ituwid Whatever is not right should be corrected.) Magdasal sa Diyos Maykapal (Pray to the Lord Almighty.) Maging banal at wag hangal (Be holy and not fools.) Itong tula ay alay ko (This poem is dedicated) Sa inyo at sa buong mundo (To all of you and to all the world.) Repeat chorus Did it effectively express the singers aspirations and beliefs as a Filipino? How? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ What truths about life should the youth learn from it? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ Activity 19 Go over the ancient Filipino poems you have explored in class or read from books and magazines. Choose one and find a suitable melody for it. If necessary, change the words to suit/go with the melody. Rap it aloud in class. Then ask others to give useful comments and suggestions for improvement. Consider them as you revise and record your rap rendition.

Congratulations! You have finished the first topic!