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## <title>Gauss-Jordan Matrix Solutions Using JavaScript</title>

<body>
<pre>
<script language="javascript">
<!--//
document.write("This program solves a system of linear equations by way of ");
document.write("Gauss-Jordan.");
document.write("<br>");
document.write("You should always check the results of this program by");
document.write(" another means other than this program!");
document.write("<br>");
document.write("<br>");
//******************************************************************
//Function to define array elements;
function defineelements(){
lengthofequation=equation[i].length;
builder="";
count=0;
for(count==0;count<lengthofequation;count++){
builder=equation[i].charAt(count);
// document.write(builder+"<br>");
if(builder!=" "){
rowcolumn[i][j]=rowcolumn[i][j]+builder;
a[i][j]=parseFloat(rowcolumn[i][j]);
//document.write(i+" "+j+" "+rowcolumn[i][j]+"<br>");
//document.write(i+" "+j+" "+a[i][j]+"<br>");
};
if(builder==" "){
j=j+1;
};
builder="";
};
};//End of function defineelements;
//*********************************************************************
function makefirstelement1(){
j=1;
for(j==1;j<=numberofcolumns;j++){
a[rowtoone][j]=a[rowtoone][j]/divisor;
};
};//End of function firstelement1;
//*********************************************************************
jj=1;
for(jj==1;jj<=numberofcolumns;jj++){
a[rowtozero][jj]=a[rowtozero][jj]-multiplier*a[rowtoone][jj];
};
//**********************************************************************
//*** Function printsolution
function printsolution(){
i=1;j=1
for(i=1;i<=numberofrows;i=i+1){
for(j=1;j<=numberofcolumns;j=j+1){
if(Math.abs(a[i][j])<=.000001){
a[i][j]=0;//Zero out scientific notation
}
}

}
i=1;j=1;
for(i=1;i<=numberofrows;i++){
for(j=1;j<=numberofcolumns;j++){
rowcolumn[i][j]=""+a[i][j]+"
";
rowcolumn[i][j]=rowcolumn[i][j].substring(0,15);
document.write(rowcolumn[i][j]+" ");
if(j==numberofcolumns){
document.write("<br>");
document.write("<br>");
};
};
};
if(rowtoone!=numberofrows){
document.write("NEXT STEP ************************************************");
document.write("*********************");
document.write("<br>");
document.write("<br>");
};
if(rowtoone==numberofrows){
document.write("FINISHED *************************************************");
document.write("*********************");
};
};//End of function printsolution;
//**********************************************************************
//*******
//Main Body
//*******
//**********************************************************************
numberofequations=prompt("How many equations are there for this system?","");
numberofrows=numberofequations;
numberofcolumns=prompt("How many columns are there?","");
equation=new Array(numberofcolumns+1);
k=0;
//Set all elements to 0.;
for(k==0;k<=numberofcolumns+1;k++){
equation[k]=0;
};
i=0;
j=0;
//Set all elements to 0 or to null.;
rowcolumn=new Array(numberofrows);//String;
a=new Array(numberofrows);//Real number;
for(i=0;i<=numberofrows;i++){
//********NOTE: Use i=0 not i==0 for nested loops;
rowcolumn[i]=new Array(numberofcolumns);
a[i]=new Array(numberofcolumns);
for(j=0;j<=numberofcolumns;j++){
rowcolumn[i][j]="";
a[i][j]=0;
};
};
pp="Enter the elements of one equation as decimals separated by a space,";
q="\n then press the enter key.";
qq="\nExample: 2x - 3y = -4 would be 2 -3 -4 then enter key.";
p=pp+q+qq;
i=1;
for(i==1;i<=numberofequations;i++){
equation[i]=prompt(p,"");

};
//************************************************************************
//Call functions
//***
i=1;
j=1;
for(i==1;i<=numberofequations;i++){
defineelements();
j=1;
};
document.write("Step by step solution follows:");
document.write("<br>");
document.write("<br>");
rowtoone=1;
printsolution();
//***Row reduced Echelon form follows:
rowtoone=1;
for(rowtoone=1;rowtoone<=numberofrows;rowtoone++){
columntoone=rowtoone;
divisor=a[rowtoone][columntoone];
makefirstelement1();
firstrowbelow=rowtoone+1;
rowbelow=firstrowbelow;
if(firstrowbelow<=numberofrows){
for(rowbelow=firstrowbelow;rowbelow<=numberofrows;rowbelow++){
columntozero=columntoone;
multiplier=a[rowbelow][columntozero];
rowtozero=rowbelow;//Below the row with a one.
};
};
firstrowabove=rowtoone-1;
rowabove=firstrowabove;
if(firstrowabove>=1){
for(rowabove=firstrowabove;rowabove>=1;rowabove--){
columntozero=columntoone;
multiplier=a[rowabove][columntozero];
rowtozero=rowabove;//Above the row with a one.