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RREEGGUULLAARR AANNDD II RRRREEGGUULLAARR PPLLUURRAALL NNOOUUNNSS
RREEGGUULLAARR AANNDD II RRRREEGGUULLAARR
PPLLUURRAALL NNOOUUNNSS

1/ 3/ 2009

By: Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
By: Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
http://www.kau.edu.sa/SBANJER
http://www.kau.edu.sa/SBANJER

http://wwwdrshadiabanjar.blogspot.com

2009 By: Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar http://www.kau.edu.sa/SBANJER http://wwwdrshadiabanjar.blogspot.com Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar 1

Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

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FORM

FORM 1/ 3/ 2009 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar 2

1/ 3/ 2009

Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

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( Add –s to theend of noun) The plural of most nounsisformedbyaddingfinal –s . cup

(Add –s to theend of noun)

The plural of most nounsisformedbyaddingfinal –s.

cup

student

song

cups

students

songs

plural of most nounsisformedbyaddingfinal –s . cup student song cups students songs 1/ 3/ 2009 Dr.

1/ 3/ 2009

plural of most nounsisformedbyaddingfinal –s . cup student song cups students songs 1/ 3/ 2009 Dr.

Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

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Plural (nouns)

table

(Add–s tothe endof noun) girl

Plural (nouns) table (Add –s tothe endof noun) g i r l tabl e ss 1/

tabless

Plural (nouns) table (Add –s tothe endof noun) g i r l tabl e ss 1/

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Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

Plural (nouns) table (Add –s tothe endof noun) g i r l tabl e ss 1/

girlss

Plural (nouns) table (Add –s tothe endof noun) g i r l tabl e ss 1/

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Add–estoa singular nounthat endswiths, z, x, ch, or sh.
Add–estoa singular nounthat
endswiths, z, x, ch, or sh.

glass

glasses

Add–estoa singular nounthat endswiths, z, x, ch, or sh. glas s glass es 1/ 3/ 2009

1/ 3/ 2009

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Plural (nouns)

fox

foxes

Plural (nouns) fo x fox es 1/ 3/ 2009 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar 7

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Plural (nouns)

1/ 3/ 2009

lunch

Plural (nouns) 1/ 3/ 2009 lun ch lunch es Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar 8
Plural (nouns) 1/ 3/ 2009 lun ch lunch es Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar 8

lunches

Plural (nouns) 1/ 3/ 2009 lun ch lunch es Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar 8

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Plural (nouns)

dish

dishes

Plural (nouns) di sh dish es 1/ 3/ 2009 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar 9

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If a nounendsina consonant +-y, change the ytoani andadd–es.

babyy
babyy

babiieess

+ -y , change the y toan i andadd –es . babyy bab iieess 11// 33//

11// 33// 20092009

Dr.Dr. ShadiaShadia Y.Y. BanjarBanjar

1010

Plural (nouns)

Some nounsendin-oneed–es toformthe plural.

tomatoo

- o need –es toformthe plural. t o m a t o o 1/ 3/ 2009

1/ 3/ 2009

tomatoeess

plural. t o m a t o o 1/ 3/ 2009 t o m a t

ppoottaattoo

plural. t o m a t o o 1/ 3/ 2009 t o m a t

Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

potatoeess

plural. t o m a t o o 1/ 3/ 2009 t o m a t

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Plural (nouns)

Some nounsendin-oneedonly–s toformthe plural.

pphhoottoo

photoeess

- o needonly –s toformthe plural. pphhoott oo photo eess 1/ 3/ 2009 kkaann aarroo oo

1/ 3/ 2009

kkaann aarroooo

gg

kan arooss

g

–s toformthe plural. pphhoott oo photo eess 1/ 3/ 2009 kkaann aarroo oo gg kan aroo

Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

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Plural (nouns)

Some nounsendinf/-fe are changedto–ves toformthe plural.

kknniiffee
kknniiffee
f/-fe are changedto –ves toformthe plural. kknniiffee 1/ 3/ 2009 kni v eess tthhiieeff Dr. Shadia

1/ 3/ 2009

kniveess

are changedto –ves toformthe plural. kknniiffee 1/ 3/ 2009 kni v eess tthhiieeff Dr. Shadia Y.
tthhiieeff
tthhiieeff
are changedto –ves toformthe plural. kknniiffee 1/ 3/ 2009 kni v eess tthhiieeff Dr. Shadia Y.

Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

thievess

are changedto –ves toformthe plural. kknniiffee 1/ 3/ 2009 kni v eess tthhiieeff Dr. Shadia Y.

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Plural (nouns)

Some nounsendin-f simplyneed only–s toformthe plural.

rrooooff

(nouns) Some nounsendin - f simplyneed only –s toformthe plural. rroooo ff roofss 1/ 3/ 2009
roofss
roofss
(nouns) Some nounsendin - f simplyneed only –s toformthe plural. rroooo ff roofss 1/ 3/ 2009

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PPrroonnuunncciiaattiioonnooff pplluurraallss((ss// eess))

A. Final –sispronounced/z/ after voicedsounds

(taxicabs, beds, dogs, balls, years, days, boys, trees, etc.)

B. Final –sispronounced/s/ after voicelesssounds (books, cups, groups, cats, students, desks, etc.)

C. Final –s, es ispronounced/ez/ after “s”sounds (classes, horses, boxes, faces) after “z”sounds (sizes, roses, noises) after “sh”sounds(dishes, bushes) after “ch”sounds(matches, sandwiches) after “ge/dge” sounds (pages, ages, bridges, edges)

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Some nounshave irregular plural formsthat donot endin -s . cchhiilldd 1/ 3/ 2009 children Dr.

Some nounshave irregular plural formsthat donot endin-s.

cchhiilldd

Some nounshave irregular plural formsthat donot endin -s . cchhiilldd 1/ 3/ 2009 children Dr. Shadia

1/ 3/ 2009

children

Some nounshave irregular plural formsthat donot endin -s . cchhiilldd 1/ 3/ 2009 children Dr. Shadia

Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

ooxx

oxen

Some nounshave irregular plural formsthat donot endin -s . cchhiilldd 1/ 3/ 2009 children Dr. Shadia
Some nounshave irregular plural formsthat donot endin -s . cchhiilldd 1/ 3/ 2009 children Dr. Shadia

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• Man men • Woman women • Child children • Ox Oxen • Foot feet

Man

men

Woman

women

Child

children

Ox

Oxen

Foot

feet

Mouse

mice

Tooth

teeth

Fish

people ( sa waysp ura ) (nos)

fish

i

l

l

l

teeth • Fish • people ( sa waysp ura ) (nos) fish i l l l
teeth • Fish • people ( sa waysp ura ) (nos) fish i l l l

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Some nounshave the same singular andplural forms.
Some nounshave the same
singular andplural forms.

OOnneesshheeeepp

the same singular andplural forms. OOnneesshheeeepp Twosheep OOnneeffiisshh 1/ 3/ 2009 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

Twosheep

the same singular andplural forms. OOnneesshheeeepp Twosheep OOnneeffiisshh 1/ 3/ 2009 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar Twofish

OOnneeffiisshh

the same singular andplural forms. OOnneesshheeeepp Twosheep OOnneeffiisshh 1/ 3/ 2009 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar Twofish

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Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

Twofish

the same singular andplural forms. OOnneesshheeeepp Twosheep OOnneeffiisshh 1/ 3/ 2009 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar Twofish

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Some nounsthat Englishhas borrowedfromother languages have foreignplurals.
Some nounsthat Englishhas
borrowedfromother languages
have foreignplurals.

ccrriitteerriioonnffuunngguuss vveerrtteebbrraa aappppeennddiixx aannaallyyssiiss mmeeddiiuumm ccrriitteerriiaa ffuunnggii

ffuunngguussccrriitteerriioonn vveerrtteebbrraa aappppeennddiixx aannaallyyssiiss mmeeddiiuumm ccrriitteerriiaa ffuunnggii

vveerrtteebbrraaccrriitteerriioonn ffuunngguuss aappppeennddiixx aannaallyyssiiss mmeeddiiuumm ccrriitteerriiaa ffuunnggii

aappppeennddiixxccrriitteerriioonn ffuunngguuss vveerrtteebbrraa aannaallyyssiiss mmeeddiiuumm ccrriitteerriiaa ffuunnggii

aannaallyyssiissffuunngguuss vveerrtteebbrraa aappppeennddiixx mmeeddiiuumm ccrriitteerriiaa ffuunnggii

mmeeddiiuummvveerrtteebbrraa aappppeennddiixx aannaallyyssiiss ccrriitteerriiaa ffuunnggii vveerrtteebbrraaee

ccrriitteerriiaa ffuunnggii vveerrtteebbrraaee aappppeennddiicceess// aappppeennddiixxeess aannaallyysseess mmeeddiiaa

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