Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 19

PROJECT WORK FOR ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS 1/2012 SMK KAPIT NO.

Name : Christie Balan Ak Reba IC No. : 951128-13-5611 Class : 5 Science 1 Teachers Name : Mr Jason Lee

-ContentNo. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8 9 10 Contents Introduction Acknowledgement Task Specification Problem Solving ( a ) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) Further Exploration Conclusion Reflection Page 3 4 5 7 9 10 12 13 15 16 17 18 19

Introduction
We students taking Additional Mathematics are required to carry out a project work while we are in Form 5. We are given two tasks and asked to choose and complete only ONE task based on our area of interest. This project can be done in groups or individually. Upon completion of the Additional Mathematics Project Work, we are to gain valuable experiences and able to : Apply and adapt a variety of problem solving strategies to solve routine and nonroutine problems Experience classroom enviroments which are challenging, interesting and meaningful and hence improve their thinking skills Experience classroom enviroments where knowledge and skills are applied in meaningful ways in solving real-life problems Experience classroom enviroments where expressing ones mathematical thinking, reasoning and communication are highly encouraged and expected Experience classroom enviroments that stimulates and enhances effective learning Acpuire effective mathematical communication through oral and writing, and to use the mathematics to express mathematical ideas correctly and precisely Enhance acquisition of mathematical knowledge and skills through problem-solving in ways that increase interest and confidence Prepare ourselves for the demand of our future undertakings and in workplace Realise that mathematics is an important and powerful tool in solving real-life problems and hence develop positive attitude towards mathematics Train ourselves not only to be independent learners but also to collaborate, to cooperate, and to share knowledgein an engaging and healthy environment Use technology especially the ICT appropriately and effectively Train ourselves to appreciate the intrinsic values of mathematics and to become more creative and innovative Realize the importance and the beauty of mathematics

Aknowledgement
First and foremost, I would like to thank God that finally, I have succeeded in finishing this project work. I would like to thank my beloved Additional Mathematics teacher, Mr Jason Lee for all the guidance he had provided us during the process in finishing this project work.

I also appreciate his patience in guiding us completing this project work. i would like to give a thousand thanks to my parent for giving me their full support in this project work, financially and mentally. They gave me moral support when I needed it. I would also like to give my thanks to my fellow friends who had helped me in finding the information that I clueless of, and the time I spent together in study groups on finishing this project work.

Last but not least, I would like to express my highest gratitude to all those who gave me the possibility to complete this coursework. I really appreciate all the help I got.

Again, thank you very much.

Task Specification
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS PROJECT WORK 1/2012 Pak Samy has a piece of unused land besides his house. This piece of land is surrounded by the river and the mountain. After his retirement, he decided to clear up that piece of land to plant vegetables. The outlook of the land is as shown in the Diagram 1. Pak Samy thinks that it will be good if he can fence up that land. He measured the diagonal distance from the river to the foot of the mountain (A to B) is 500 m and the distance along the mountain side till it almost meets the streams of the river (B to C) is 800 m. Pak Samy also built a block made from sand bags along the river for flood prevention during heavy rain. The angle subtended between the diagonal distance of AB and the sand block is 30 as shown in diagram 2.

(a) Pak Samy planned to dig a well with cross section of the shape of a sector with centre point B, to make watering job easier for him. He needs to build the top part of the well with radius 1 m and height 1 m. You are required to help him to calculate the angle of in order that he could build the

(b) Pak Samy wants to build the thickest wall for the well. You are supposed to help him to calculate the number of bricks to buy in order to build the well. As shown in diagram 3. For the curve surface, calculation should base on the internal surface area. Given 400 = 4 bricks inclusive of cement in between bricks. If each brick is 40 cents each, help Pak Samy to calculate how much he needs to spend on bricks. 2 cm

(c) Pak Samy is poor in calculation, he wanted to fence up that piece of land in a triangular shape. You need to help him to calculate the total length of the fencing materials needed. Use at least 2 methods of solution.

(d) After clearing up and fencing the land, he needs to buy seeds of vegetables and plants. However, before he could buy those seeds, he needs to know how big the land is so that he could buy sufficient of various seeds. As an additional mathematics student, you need to help him to find the area of the land by using at least two different methods.

(e) After sometimes, the fence is rundown, Pak Samy wishes to build the new fence with minimum cost. He wishes to minimize the fencing materials but the area of the piece of land must remain the same. The point B and C are fixed because they are by the mountain side. Only point A is movable. Make a conjecture on the position of point A. (Tabulate a few sets of values of AB and AC, and find the minimum length of the fence.)

(f) A year later, seeing the price of oil palm is so attractive, Pak Samy is planning to divide the land in to two parts, he wants to plant oil palm which is the golden plant at the farther part of the land. He had another piece of fencing material that is same length with the length of AB. He wants to build 5

the fence from point B outside the well in a straight line until it reaches the line AC. You are required to help him to construct the location of the fence in graphical form. He decided to differentiate the color of the two fences for the two types of plants beside the river; you are asked to help Pak Samy to find the length of the fences of vegetable and oil palm.

(g) Pak Samy hires some workers to clear the piece of land to plant oil palm. The workers ask for RM 60 per 400 as wages. At the end of the clearing process, Pak Samy pays a total sum of RM 6126.40 to the workers as wages. Find the area of the land that Pak Samy uses to plant oil palm. 2 m

Further Exploration:After 5 years the oil palm trees are mature and ready for harvest, Pak Samy finds that the return is so attractive. Now he wishes to convert the whole land to plant oil palm. He wishes to build more solid fence for the whole land. He bought 2000 m of fencing materials and the side by the mountain side is fixed (BC), find the dimension of triangle ABC such that the area enclosed is maximum so that he could plant the most oil palm trees. Hence, find the maximum area of the plantation.

Problem Solving
a) METHOD 1

B 500m
30

800m

= 18 13

ABC = 180 - 30 - 18 13 = 131 47 / 131.79

METHOD 2

B 500m
30

800m

A Draw a perpendicular line from B to AC to intersect the line AC at D. ABD = 60 In triangle ABD Sin 30 = BD = 500 sin 30 = 250m

In triangle BDC Cos DBC = DBC = = 71 47 ABC = 60 + 71 47 = 131 47 / 131.79

b)

The length of internal arc =( = 2.3m = 230cm

Total surface area of the internal arc = 230 x 100 = 23000cm

Area of the 2 squared walls = 100 x 100 x 2 = 20000cm

Total area = 23000+ 20000 = 43000cm

The thickest wall by the dimension of one brick, Given 400cm = 4 bricks Total bricks required = (43000/400) x 4 = 430 bricks.

Given cost of one bricks is 40 cents Total cost required = 430 x 0.4 = RM 172.00

c) METHOD 1

B 500m
30

800m

Sin 30 =

BD = 250 In triangle ABD, AD = 500 - 250 = 187500 AD = = 433.01m

In triangle BDC, CD = 800 - 250 = 577500 CD = = 759.93m

Total length of the fence = 500 + 800 + 433.01 + 759.93 = 2492.94m

10

METHOD 2

In triangle ABC Using Cosine Rule, AC = 500 + 800 - 2 x 500 x 800 x cos 131 47 = 1 423 052.47 AC = = 1 192.92m

Total length of fences = 500 + 800 + 1192.92 = 2492.92m

11

d)

METHOD 1

Area of the land = x AC x BD = x 1192.92 x 250 = 149115m

METHOD 2

Area of the land = = 149118m

12

e)

Conjecture: The length of the fence is minimum when triangle ABC is an isosceles triangle, where AB = AC and BC = 800m.

Area of triangle ABC = 149134m 149134 = x 800 x h

= 372.84m

800-x 372.84m

A Let AD be the height of triangle ABC with BC as the corresponding base. AD = 372.84m Let BD = x m Therefore, DC = 800 x m

13

BD 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 399.7 399.8 399.9 400 400.1 400.2 400.3

DC 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 403 402 401 400 399 398 397 400.3 400.2 400.1 400 399.9 399.8 399.7

AB 386.01 423.10 478.55 546.82 623.71 706.41 793.10 544.6271 545.3565 546.0867 546.8178 547.5497 548.2825 549.0161 546.5983 546.6715 546.7446 546.8178 546.8909 546.9641 547.0373

AC 793.10 706.41 623.71 546.82 478.55 423.10 386.01 549.0161 548.2825 547.5497 546.8178 546.0867 545.3565 544.6271 547.0373 546.9641 546.8909 546.8178 546.7446 546.6715 546.5983

Perimeter 1979.11 1929.51 1902.26 1893.64 1902.26 1929.51 1979.11 1893.6432 1893.6390 1893.6364 1893.6356 1893.6364 1893.6390 1893.6432 1893.635602 1893.635559 1893.635534 1893.635525 1893.635534 1893.635559 1893.635602

Perimeter minimum

From the tables above, the perimeter is minimum when AB = AC = 546.8178m

14

f)

B 500m
30 AA

800m

A'C

Length of vegetable fence ( AA ) = AA = 866.0254m.

Length of Oil Palm fence ( AC )

AC = 326.92m

Or AC AA = 1192.9176 866.0254 = 326.8922m

15

g)

Wages RM 60 for 400m

Total wages paid is RM 6126.40 Area of the land = ( 6126.40 / 60 ) x 400 = 40 842.7m

16

Further Exploration :B 800m C

A Let BC = 800m and ABC = The perimeter, AB + BC + AC = 2000m AB 300 400 500 600 650 750 850 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 559.7 559.8 599.9 600 600.1 600.2 600.3 AC 900 800 700 600 550 450 350 603 602 601 600 599 598 579 600.3 600.2 600.1 600 599.9 599.8 599.7 99.59 75.52 60 48.19 43.05 33.56 24.25 48.51078 48.40357 48.29654 48.18969 48.08301 47.97651 47.87019 48.22172 48.21104 48.20036 48.18969 48.17901 48.16834 48.15766 Area of 118322 154919 173205 178885 177482 165831 139642 178880.407 178883.2021 178884.8792 178885.4382 178884.8792 178883.2021 178880.407 178885.3879 178885.4158 178885.4326 178885.4382 178885.4326 178885.4158 178885.3879

Area maximum

From the table of values, it is noted that for the area is maximum when triangle is an isosceles triangle with BC = 800m and AB = AC = 600m

The maximum area of triangle ABC is 178 885m

17

Conclusion
After doing research, answering questions, drawing table and some problem solving, I saw that the usage of triangle is important in our daily life. It is not just widely used in architecture but also in interpreting the area of a specific location. Especially in measuring a location of area which to be built something or else.

Without it, all this measurement activities cant be conducted accurately. So, I should thankful of the people who contribute in the idea of making this way of measurement.

18

Reflection
Additional Mathematics.. I struggle so hard to finish you You taught me the meaning of calculating You taught me the way to think Everything is about you

Additional Mathematics.. Your question was so hard to answer But I survive this storm and rain just to answer you I swim all this river to get to you You are everything..

19