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Final Exam study guide IT 220

1. Understand lan interconnectivity- The uplink port allows for the connection of a switch to a switch or a hub without having to use a special port. 2. Know the data speeds and maximum cabling distance for Cat5/e6cat6 twisted-pair cables have RJ-45 modular connectors on each end. And are capable of carrying 1000MBPS (1 gigabit) or more data up to a length of 100 meters. 3. Understand the purpose of the link light on a network connectionThe presence of a link light indicates that the transmit and receive pairs are properly aligned and the connected devices are communicating. 4. Understand the purpose of the link light on a network connectionThe presence of a link light indicates that the transmit and receive pairs are properly aligned and the connected devices are communicating. 5. Understand the ICMP protocol- An echo request is the part of the ICMP protocol that requests a reply from a computer. 6. Understand the functions of the ipconfig command- In the command prompt, enter the ipconfig/all command , the /all switch on the command enables the MAC address information to be displayed. 7. Understand the functions of the ipconfig command- The command ifconfig is used to report all of the network devices recognized and running on the system. 8. Understand the maximum cable length of Ethernet cables- There is a 100-meter overall length limitation of the cable run from the telecommunications closet to the networking device in the work area. This includes the length of the patch of cables at each end(items D and G ) plus the cable run (item E). A general rule of thumb is to allow 90 meters for the cable to run from the telecommunications closet to the work area (item E). This allows 5 meters of cable for the work area and 5 meters for the patch cables

in the telecommunications closet (item D) and the work area (item G). 9. Understand how to troubleshoot network connections- Once you have verified that the networking devices are physically connected together, use the ping command to verify that the networking devices are communicating. Ping stands for Packet Internet Groper. 10. Understand the differences among networks-The multiple networks required to accomplish this are the Local area network (LAN), the Campus area network (CAN), the Metropolitan area network (MAN), and the Wide area network (WAN). 11. Understand the speeds with which networks perform- Note that the term Fast Ethernet is used to describe the 100 Mbps data rate for the Fast Ethernet networks. 12. Understand the terms used in network traffic- In some cases, users on networks are experiencing network congestion or bottlenecking of the data due to the increased file transfer sizes and the limited bandwidth of their network. 13. Understand CIDR- A network address and the subnet mask of 192.168.12.0 255.252.0 can be written in CIDR notation as 192.168.12.0/22. CIDR= number of ones in a subnet mask. 14. Understand the TCP connection at the transport layerThe SYN(Synchronizing) packet The SYN ACK (Synchronizing Acknowledgement) packet The ACK (Acknowledgement) packet 15. Know the IP address assignment- IP addresses are assigned by ARIN, The American Registry for Internet Numbers. 16. Know how to connect a router to a PC- The routers console port is used as the initial interface for configuring the router. It is a slowspeed serial communication link (9600 bps) and is the only way to communicate with the router until the router interfaces have been configured. Specifically, the console connection is an RS-232 serial communications port that uses an RJ-45 jack to connect to its interface.

17. Know how to invoke help in the Cisco IOS- You can view the commands that are recognized at the user level by entering a ? after the Router> prompt. 18. Understand the functions of the routers interfaces-AUI Port: this is a 10 Mbps Ethernet port. AUI stand for attachment unit interface 19. Understand the functions of the routers interfaces- Connection of the routers to the LANs provided by the routers FastEthernet port (FA0/0, FA0/1, FA0/2). Look for the FA label. 20. Understand the functions of the routers interfaces- Serial Interface: This is a serial connection and it has a built-in CSU/DSU. This interface is used to provide a T1 connection to the communications carrier. 21. Understand clocking-DCE Data Communications Equipment (the serial interface responsible for Clocking) 22. Understand functions of a gateway-Gateway Describes the networking device that enables hosts in a LAN to connect to networks (and hosts) outside the LAN. 23. Know the command to save a running configuration on a routerCopy run start The command for copying the running-configuration to the startup-configuration. 24. Know the Administrative Distances in Routing Protocols25. Understand EIGRP-EIGRP is a Cisco proprietary protocol and is often called a hybrid routing protocol that incorporates the best of the distance vector and link-state algorithms. The routing table updates are exchanged when there is a change in the network. 26. Understand the OSPF- Area O in a OSPF this is the root area and is the backbone for the network. 27. Understand the OSPF- Hello Packets , used in the OSPF protocol to verify that the links are still communicating. 28. Understand NTFS-Is the New File Technology System developed by Microsoft Corporation. Size barriers- allow for very large disk partitions.

29. Know the data rate transfer speeds of PC interfaces-USB 2.0 Universal Serial Bus. The interface supports data rates up to 480 Mbps. 30. Know the network types-Client/Server Network- The server handles multiple requests from multiple clients for multiple services. 31. Understand the DHCP- Dynamically assigns IP addresses to machines as needed. 32. Understand user lockout-These policies set the account lockout threshold to four invalid logon attempts. This prevents an unauthorized user from attempting repeated logins. The users account will have a red X placed on it to indicate the user is locked out. 33. Understand server types- Proxy Server: services information requests from clients. 34. Understand the problems associated with computer viruses* Annoyance *clogging of the mail server *Denial of service *Data loss *Open holes for others to access your machine 35. Understand security issues of wireless networking-War Driving is a term that to driving with an antenna out the door connected to a mobile device running Windows or Linux. 36. Understand ACLs on Firewalls-Access Lists- A basic form of firewall protection. 37. Understand IDS*Signatures- Indicators of known attacks, for example, patterns of probes. *Probing- Indicators of repeated attempts to make connections to certain machines and/or ports. 38. Know wireless technologies- This section looks at Bluetooth, WiMax, and RFID. Anytime a signal is transmitted over the air or

even through a cable, there is some change that the signal can be intercepted. 39. Know that 802.11 has the greatest data range- 802.11 has the greatest data range. 40. Understand Optical Networking-

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