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Presente Perfecto (Present Perfect Tense) El Presente Perfecto en el idioma ingls es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para referirnos

a acciones que suceden en un pasado reciente y que guardan alguna relacin con el presente. Su equivalente en el idioma espaol es el Pretrito Perfecto: I have sent the letter. Yo he enviado la carta. (Indica que la accin acaba de suceder)

Para poder construir la forma afirmativa del Presente Perfecto debemos utilizar como auxiliar el verbo TO HAVE en Presente Simple y acompaado por el verbo principal en su Pasado Participio (ya sean verbos regulares o verbos irregulares):

I have bought a new dress.

Yo he comprado un nuevo vestido.

You have studied the lesson. T has estudiado la leccin. He has broken the window. She has lost the keys. l ha roto la ventana. Ella ha perdido las llaves.

Recuerden que a las 3 personas del singular deben colocar la "S" en elauxiliar ya que se trata del Presente Simple. En cambio, para formar una interrogacin deberemos colocar elauxiliar al comienzo de la oracin, luego el sujeto y posteriormente el verbo principal tambin en Pasado Participio:

Have I bought a new dress?

He comprado un nuevo vestido?

Have you studied the lesson? Has estudiado la leccin? Has he broken the window? Has she lost the keys? Ha roto l la ventana? Ha perdido ella las llaves?

Por su parte, la forma negativa se forma poniendo la negacin NOT entre el auxiliar y el verbo principal, por ejemplo: I have not bought a new dress. Yo no he comprado un nuevo vestido.

You have not studied the lesson. T no has estudiado la leccin. He has not broken the window. She has not lost the keys. l no ha roto la ventana. Ella no ha perdido la llave.

Tambin puede utilizarse la forma contrada de la negacin colocando HAVEN'T o HASN'T segn corresponda. Cabe destacar que cuando hablamos en Presente Perfecto no debemos mencionar el momento en que se ha producido la accin, ya que de hacerlo deberamos utilizar el Pasado Simple, por ejemplo: I have sold my car. Yo he vendido mi auto. (Presente Perfecto)

I sold my car this morning. Yo vend mi auto esta maana. (Pasado Simple)

Taken from: http://www.aprenderinglesfacil.es

Exercises Complete the table in its appropriate way. An example has been made for you. Positive Anna has brought. Robert has played Mary has not awoken Have you begun? I have not burnt We have bought They have chosen She has not taken Have you ever seen? I have driven We have not forgotten Has he forgiven? They have kept He has not let Has she mistaken? I have sold Negative Anna has not brought. Interrogative

Has Anna brought?

Answers Positive Anna has brought. Robert has played Mary has awoken You have begun I have burnt We have bought They have chosen She has taken You have seen I have driven We have forgotten He has forgiven They have kept He has let She has mistaken I have sold Negative Anna has not brought. Robert has not played Mary has not awoken You have not begun I have not burnt We have not bought They have not chosen She has not taken You have not seen I have not driven We have not forgotten He has not forgiven They have not kept He has not let She has not mistaken I have not sold Interrogative Has Anna brought? Has Robert played? Has Mary awoken? Have you begun? Have I burnt? Have we bought? Have they chosen? Has she taken? Have you seen? Have I driven? Have we forgotten? Has he forgiven? Have they kept? Has he let? Has she mistaken? Have I sold?