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Proposal for Workshop on

Scientific Approach to Basics of Hinduism


Workshop Duration Venue / Location One or two days. Approx. 6 hours per day. At any college / university / institute located anywhere in the world English or Hindi Interactive with adequate time for questions (more in 2-day workshop and less in one-day workshop) Minimum 10 persons; Maximum 100 persons Should have some exposure to science / philosophy. Undergraduate level exposure is sufficient. It is not necessary for a participant to be Hindu or of Indian origin. However, a keen interest in understanding Hinduism is necessary. An open mind willing to tolerate a different viewpoint is absolute must. The workshop will not attempt to convert anyone to Hinduism. So, non-Hindus can listen and learn without any pressure to accept. Projector to show Powerpoint Presentation. Tea / Coffee between sessions and lunch for participants Anil Chawla, B.Tech. (Mech. Engg.) IIT Bombay, LL.B.
Anil Chawla is an engineer and a lawyer by qualification but a philosopher by vocation and a strategic adviser by profession. His works can be seen at www.samarthbharat.com

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Number of participants Background of participants

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Facilities required

Teacher

Teachers Fees

NO FEES are to be paid. However, all expenses of travel, lodging and boarding will have to be borne by the organizer. Organizations / persons affiliated to or aligned with RSS / BJP / VHP / HSS etc. are requested to kindly excuse. Please write to samarthbharatparty@gmail.com Or call (+91) 94065 28010 (Yogita Pant)

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A.

Introduction
There is much confusion about what Hinduism is. On one hand there are people who tend to argue that it is not a religion but just a way of life (whatever that means). On the other hand are the so-called Hindu zealots who tend to equate Hinduism with almost anything and everything nationalism, non-violence, spiritualism, vegetarianism, cow protection, polytheism, Ayodhya temple, not celebrating Valentine Day, morning prayers and so on. It is not surprising that in the midst of all the confusion, even a Hindu does not know what his religion is all about or whether he has a religion at all. The confusion is surely harmful for Hindu religion. But more important is the fact that due to the confusion, the world is unable to benefit from the guidance and support of a religious, philosophical, intellectual framework that has been a lighthouse for thousands of years to people across the globe. Anil Chawla has been working actively for many years to promote a modern Hindu Dhram based on the ancient texts. His understanding of Hinduism moves beyond the Bhakti (devotional) movement of past five hundred years and is critical of the illusionism of Shankaracharya which looked at the world as maya. His approach is practical, matter-of-fact and is rooted in everyday life even though it is deeply philosophical. He brings an engineers analytic approach to understanding of Hinduism. In the workshop, Anil Chawla will help the participants understand Hinduism from a scientific philosophical perspective. His holistic methodology is different from the analytic-mechanistic approach usually adopted by modern science. Yet, the methodology is neither irrational nor based on spiritual otherworld experiences. He seeks faith but does not ask one to put ones mind to sleep. He will challenge one to think and to redefine ones life in a manner that makes it more fulfilling, more enjoyable and more prosperous. The workshop will change ones understanding of Hinduism. However, in case one is not convinced and disagrees, Anil Chawla promises to accept disagreement with grace. He says I utter. You utter. Both of us hear. The process of uttering and listening has changed both of us. Let us both go back home and think. May be some time in future, you will accept some of what I said and I will accept some of what you said! It is proposed to have a series of workshops. The first of the series was held in Bhopal on 11th March 2012. About 20 persons attended the workshop.

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B.

Session 1 Paribhasha (Definitions)


This session will be devoted to defining the basic terms that will be used throughout the workshop. It will lay the foundation in philosophical terms. In a way, this session will define the paradigm that is essential for understanding of Hinduism. Some of the terms that will be defined are as follows: Hindu, Bharat, Bharatvarsh, Satyam, Shivam, Sundaram, Brahm, Yog, Dev and Danav In addition the session will explain the Hindu system of governance.

C.

Session 2 Trividhan (The Three Fundamental Laws)


The session begins with understanding the scientific method of knowledge. It will explain the key differences between epistemology of present-day science vis--vis Hindu thought. This session will explain the three Fundamental Laws which are as follows: First law Universe is ONE and Man is part of the ONE. Second Law Law of Karm - What you sow is what you reap. Third Law The Divine Paradox - In a war between Dev and Danav, though apparently Dev might appear to be weaker, the ultimate victory will always be of Dev only. This session will also discuss in brief Ramayan and Mahabharat. It will also examine two well-known maxims Satyamev Jayate and Sanghe Shakti Kalyuge.

D.

Session 3 Trivarg (The Three Categories)


Trivarg Dharm, Arth and Kaam are fundamental to Hindu thought. Dharm is obligation cast by relations. Arth means resources. Kaam means desires.

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This session will be devoted to understanding the concept of Trivarg as well as to negative reasons for actions Krodh, Lobh, Moh, Ahankar, Abhimaan, Maan, Revenge, Jealousy, Hatred etc. The session will also discuss the concept of vritti (aptitude) and varn (vocation). The concept of Trivarg will be examined in relation to many reallife contexts food, furniture, clothing, dance, music, literature, career, love, marriage, etc. In addition the session will cover issues like prayer, worship and bhakti (devotion).

E.

Session 4 Samapan (Conclusion)


The concluding session will be a practical session devoted to case studies. Members of audience may narrate their own life experiences and seek guidance in the matter of personal life situations based on the principles elaborated in the three sessions.

A cross-section of the audience at the workshop at Bhopal

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Page No. 4

Scientific Approach to Basics of Hinduism


First Session

Definitions

Workshop By Anil Chawla, B. Tech. IIT Bombay, LL. B.

Namaskar

ue
Not Me
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Humble Requests
Please put off your mobile

lguhy ek

Please tolerate me

Please excuse me if you know more than me Let us try to understand without arguing

cgl ugha

Session 1 - Definitions

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Hindus in World 1

Swami Ghanananda Saraswati Session 1 - Definitions www.samarthbharat.com

Swami Chetanananda 4

Hindus in World 2

Shaunaka Rishi Das,


Director, Oxford Center for Hindu Studies

Julia Roberts

Session 1 - Definitions

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Hindus in World 3

Tamal Krishna Goswami, ISKCON

Mahavishnu Orchestra, Photo 1973

Session 1 - Definitions

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Hindus in World 4

Session 1 - Definitions

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Hindus in World 5

Session 1 - Definitions

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Common Definitions of Hindu


Geographical Racial / DNA Based Vinoba Bhaves Others

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Meaning of Hindu in Sanskrit g~ $ bUnw fgUnw Hkk $ jr Hkkjr HkkjroZ


Moon in the Sky Complete Universe - From Ocean to the Sky

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Bharatvarsh Limited Power Kings


Law making by universities King as manager & enforcer Role of Intellectual Class in every aspect of life Respect of the learned key foundation

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Concept of Brahm
Cosmic Holistic reality Anadi-Anant (No beginning, No end) Net-Neti (Not this, Not this) Everywhere but nowhere

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The Complete Universe


Satyam (Truth) Shivam (Goodness) Sundaram (Beauty)

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Yog Joining With Cosmic Being


Joining or aligning with Brahm Many paths Karm Marg my chosen path Bhakti Marg Popular in past five centuries Gyan Marg For the learned ones Hath Yog Not so well accepted path

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Dev vs. Danav


Dev One who gives Danav One who grabs

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Love A Divine Gift to Oneself

izse ue%
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Scientific Approach to Basics of Hinduism


Second Session

Trividhan (The Three Fundamental Laws)

Workshop By Anil Chawla, B. Tech. IIT Bombay, LL. B.

Scientific Method
Use your experience Form a conjecture (Develop language) Prediction Test Go back

Session 2 - Three Laws

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Stages of Belief
Hypotheses Postulate Theory Axiom Law

Session 2 - Three Laws

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Some Unwritten Rules of Science


Law of Positive Truth
needs none Positive needs evidence, Negative

Corollary Nothing beyond matter and energy Second Why / How is not allowed Analytic-mechanistic view is encouraged, Holistic is to be avoided Purpose of life do not talk about it

Session 2 - Three Laws

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Three Fundamental Hindu Laws


First Law Brahm is ONE Second Law Law of Karm Third Law The Divine Paradox

Session 2 - Three Laws

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Brahm is ONE
No beginning, No end Change is the permanent reality The whole has its own laws Interlinking to create the oneness The purpose of each part is in relation to the whole Relationships defined by linkages that we cannot fully understand. Not understanding is no reason for denial.

Session 2 - Three Laws

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Law of Karm
Every action produces some effect for the doer as well as for the system No action can ever be free The effect may be immediate or may be delayed in time and space There exists a carry-over system (DHRUTI) What you sow is what you reap

Session 2 - Three Laws

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Five Factors For Success


DHRUTI /k`fr DAKSHTA nrk Desh ns Kaal dky Parakram ijke

Session 2 - Three Laws

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The Divine Paradox


In a fight between Dev and Danav, the ultimate victory will be of Dev only even though apparently the opposite seems likely Duration not specified Satyamev Jayate A half-truth Sanghe Shakti Kalyuge

Session 2 - Three Laws

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Non-Believer
For a Hindu, a Naastik is one who does not believe in the Three Fundamental Laws. One may not believe in any form of man-like God, but may yet be Aastik. Naastiks despised All types and forms of Aastiks are accepted. Examples of Naastik Jainism, Charvak
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Purpose of Art, Dance, Drama, Prayers etc.


To strengthen the faith in Trividhan To help one see oneself as part of whole and not as I To inspire to follow the faith in terms of acting as a DEV and not as a DANAV To inspire to do acts that strengthen ones relationship with the whole To inspire to act as per Trivarg Dhram, Arth and Kaam

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Scientific Approach to Basics of Hinduism


Second Session

Trivarg (The Three Categories)

Workshop By Anil Chawla, B. Tech. IIT Bombay, LL. B.

The Negative Inspirations


Lobh (Greed) Krodh (Anger) Ahamkar, Maan, Abhimaan (Ego, Status, Conceit) Moh (Delusion) Pratishodh (Revenge) Eirshya (Jealousy) Bhay (Fear) Ghrina (Hatred)
Session 3 - Trivarg www.samarthbharat.com 2

The Positive Inspirations


Dharm Obligations in relationships Arth - Resources Kaam Desires
Moksh I do not understand it Valmiki Ramayan makes no mention of it Mahabharat says there is always doubt about Moksh. So follow only TRIVARG
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Examples of Dharm
Body nsg Aptitude o`fk Son iq= Friend fe= Neighbour iM+kslh Husband / Wife ifr @ iRuh Father / Mother Citizen

Session 3 - Trivarg

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Examples of Arth
Land House Vehicle Tools and equipments Gold Wife Son Friend
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Employee Cow Buffalo Dog Books

Examples of Kaam Satisfaction


Wearing gold ornaments Wearing nice clothes Embracing ones beloved Eating tasty food Listening to nice music Seeing a beautiful painting Enjoying a dance

Kaam is also called Anang


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The Golden Deer & Ram-Sita-Laxman Discussions

Session 3 - Trivarg

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Food & Trivarg


What to eat and drink When to eat With whom? Whose food? How to eat?

Session 3 - Trivarg

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Product Design & Trivarg


Function versus Form Being different versus useful Durable versus fashionable Value for money versus sexy and luxurious

Applicable to every type of product design including furniture, luggage, architecture, interior design, clothing, footwear etc.

Session 3 - Trivarg

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Love, Marriage & Trivarg


Marriage in Hindu context is unification of two persons and is not a license Marriage is when a man and a woman become partners in Trivarg Love in Hindu context is a journey from Kaam to Dharm Erotic love must not be danav-like must be devlike; Hence emphasis on samarpan
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Dance, Music, Arts and Literature


All these appeal to Kaam The challenge is to use Kaam and inspire a person to be stronger on the path of Dharm The efficiency of an art is judged by its ability to meet the challenge

Session 3 - Trivarg

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Prayer, Worship and Bhakti


Literal meaning of Bhakti feeling of being split from the cosmic reality or Brahm Bhakti should make me a better part of the whole Bhakti to seek selfish goals is wrong Example of Bhim and Hanuman Prayer can get temporary overdrafts The purpose of prayer should always be (a) to inspire me to give up my ahamkar (b) to realize that more can be achieved by becoming a part of the whole (c) to strengthen my faith in Trividhan and (d) to push me to stick to the path of Trivarg
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A Prayer For All Times

cy cqf fo|k nsgq eksfg gjgw dys fodkj


O Lord, Give me strength, wisdom and knowledge! Remove all negativities and disputes from my life! Session 3 - Trivarg www.samarthbharat.com 13