Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7

Topology Diagram

OSPF Challenge Lab

Adapted from :Lab11.6.2(CCNA Exploration)

PC2
PC2
Fa0/0 S0/0/1 S0/0/0 R2 DCE 256Kbps 64Kbp s S0/0/1 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 PC3 DCE PC1 R1
Fa0/0
S0/0/1
S0/0/0
R2
DCE
256Kbps
64Kbp
s
S0/0/1
S0/0/0
Fa0/0
PC3
DCE
PC1
R1
S0/0/0
Fa0/0
R3
S0/0/1
DCE

Address Table

128Kbps

device

interface

ip address

subnet mask

default gateway

 

fa0/0

   

N/A

R1

s0/0/0

   

N/A

s0/0/1

   

N/A

 

fa0/0

   

N/A

R2

s0/0/0

   

N/A

s0/0/1

   

N/A

loopback1(ISP)

   

N/A

 

fa0/0

   

N/A

R3

s0/0/0

   

N/A

s0/0/1

   

N/A

PC1

NIC

     

PC2

NIC

     

PC3

NIC

     

Instructions for group lab

Make a group of two or three members.

Assign each member one or two Packet Tracer file(s).

Multiuser clouds should be set-up and be connected with each other at the beginning of the lab.

Discussions and collaborations among group members are highly encouraged. Guide of group lab

Learning Objectives

Create an efficient VLSM design given requirements

Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document

Configure routers including OSPF

Verify OSPF operation

Test and verify full connectivity

Reflect upon and document the network implementation

Give the OSPF update and give the setting to the interface that should not send out again.

Scenario

 In this lab activity, you will be given a network address that must be subnetted using VLSM to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram. A combination OSPF routing and static routing will be required so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other. OSPF area ID of 0 and process ID of 1 will be used in all OSPF configurations.

Task1:Subnet the Address Space.

Step1:Examine the network requirements.

The addressing for the Network has the following requirements.

The 10.10.10.0 / 16 network must be subnetted to provide addresses for the LANs and serial links.

The R1 LAN will require 1000 addresses

The R2 LAN will require 8000 addresses

The R3 LAN will require 2000 addresses

Thel links between the routers will require two addresses for each link.

The loopback address representing the link between the R2 router and the R3 will use the 192.168.0.0 /30 network.

Step2Consider the following questions when creating your network design.

How many subnets need to be created from the 172.20.0.0/16 network?        

  What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on the R1 LAN subnet?          

  What subnet mask will be used for this subnet ?                  

  What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on the R2 LAN subnet?

  What subnet mask will be used for this subnet ?                   

  What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on the R3 LAN subnet?         

  What subnet mask will be used for this subnet ?                   

  What subnet mask will be used for the links between the three routers?

Step3Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram.

Assign subnet 0 of the10.10.0.0/16 network to the R2 LAN subnet. What is the network address of this subnet?

 Assign subnet 1 of the10.10.0.0/16 network to the R3 LAN subnet.

What is the network address of this subnet?                         

 Assign subnet 2 of the10.10.0.0/16 network to the R1 LAN subnet.

What is the network address of this subnet?                        

 Assign subnet 3 of the10.10.0.0/16 network to the link between the R2 and R1 routers.

What is the network address of this subnet?                        

 Assign subnet 4 of the10.10.0.0/16 network to the link between the R2 and R3 routers.

What is the network address of this subnet?                        

 Assign subnet 5 of the10.10.0.0/16 network to the link between the R1 and R3 routers.

What is the network address of this subnet?                        

Task2Determine Interface Addresses.

Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces.

1. Assign the first valid host address in the 192.168.0.0 / 30 network to the Loopback 1 interface on the R2 router

2. Assign the first valid IP address of the R2 LAN network to the LAN interface of the R2 router.

3. Assign the last valid IP address of the R2 LAN network to PC2

4. Assign the first valid IP address of the R3 LAN network to the LAN interface of the R3 router.

5. Assign the last valid IP address of the R3 LAN network to PC3

6. Assign the first valid IP address of the R1 LAN network to the LAN interface of the R1 router.

7. Assign the last valid IP address of the R1 LAN network to PC1

8. Assign the first valid IP address of the R2 and R1 link network to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R2 router.

9. Assign the last valid IP address of the R2 and R1 link network to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R1 router.

10.Assign the first valid IP address of the R2 and R3 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the R2 router.

11.Assign the last valid IP address of the R2 and R3 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the R3 router.

12.Assign the first valid IP address of the R3 and R1 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the R1 router.

13.Assign the last valid IP address of the R3 and R1 link network to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R3 router.

Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram.

Task3Prepare the Network.

  In this PT lab activity , The arrangement of the device, the connection of the cable, and the clearness of the router are omitted. Therefore, Start from the setting of IP address to interfaces of the device. In addtion, You may omit a basic router configuration.

Task4:Perform Basic Router Configurations.

1. Configure the router hostname

3.

Configure an EXEC mode password.

4. Configure a message-of-the-day banner.

5. Configure a password console connections and VTY connections.

6. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes.

Task5:Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses.

Step1 Configure the interfaces on the each routers with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram.

 When you have finished, be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router.

Step2:Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1, PC2, and PC3 with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram.

Step3Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the R1 router.

What commands are required to accomplish this?

Step4Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the R2 router.

 What commands are required to accomplish this?

Step5Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the R3 router.  What commands are required to accomplish this?

          Step6:Verify Connectivity to Next Hop Device. Step7:Verify that PC1, PC2,
 
 
 
 
 
Step6:Verify Connectivity to Next Hop Device.
Step7:Verify that PC1, PC2, and PC3 can ping their respective default gateway.
Task6:Configure OSPF Routing on the R1 Router.
Step1:What directly connected networks are present in the R1 routing table?
 
 
 
    Step2:What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the connected networks in
 
 
Step2:What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the connected networks in the routing
updates?
 
 
 
 
 

Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out?         

What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces?

 

Task7Configure OSPF and Static Routing on the R2 Router.

Step1Consider the type of static routing that is needed on R2.

 A static default route will need to be configured to send all packets with destination addresses that are not in the routing table to the loopback address representing the link between the R2 router and the ISP. What command is needed to accomplish this?

  Step2:What directly connected networks are present in the R2 routing table?      
 
Step2:What directly connected networks are present in the R2 routing table?
 
 
 
 
 
Step3:What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the appropriate networks in the routing
updates?
 
 
 
 
 
Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out?         
What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces?
 
 

Step4:Configure to send default route information to the R1 and R3 routers

 The R2 router needs to send the default route information to the R1 and R3 routers in the OSPF updates. What command is used to configure this?

 

Task8Configure OSPF Routing on the R3 Router.

Step1Consider the networks that need to be included in the OSPF updates that are sent out by the R3 router.

          Step2:What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the
 
 
 
 
 
Step2:What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the connected networks in the routing
updates?
 
 
 
 
 

Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out?         

What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces?

 

 

Task9:Verify the Configurations

From PC1, is it possible to ping PC2?         

From PC1, is it possible to ping the PC3?           

 The answer to the above questions should be ‘yes’. If any of the above pings failed, check your physical connections and configurations.

 What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the R1 router?

          What is the gateway of last resort in the routing
 
 
 
 
 
What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the R1 router?
 
What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the R2 router?
 

 What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the R2 router?

 

 What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the R3 router?

 What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the R3 router?

 

 On PC1, use the tracert command to examine the route that is used between PC1 and PC3. What are the hops in the route to PC3?

        Why is a path with more than the minimum amount of
 
 
 
 
Why is a path with more than the minimum amount of hops used?