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Chinua Achebe The best-selling Nigerian novelist sets universal tales of personal and moral struggle in the context

of the tragic drama of colonization. Andr Aciman An uprooted Alexandrian Jew, Aciman is a writer whose careful reflections, couched in dense and unapologetic prose, unfurl like lifelines flung out to all the world's wanderers. Uwem Akpan His is the perfect story line: Jesuit priest from Nigeria becomes a best-selling, Oprah-chosen author. "I was inspired to write by the people who sit around my village church to share palm wine after Sunday Mass, by the Bible, and by the humor and endurance of the poor," he writes on his Web site. Elizabeth Alexander There was too much chatter about the quality of the poem. What matters is that she was up there reading ita poem!on the biggest and most inspiring stage in recent history. Aharon Appelfeld As William Giraldi wrote, he is "a man for whom language is dangerous, a man who measures every word because every word is sacred." John Ashbery One of the best and most enduring poets that this country is lucky enough to have. Period. Alison Bechdel The graphic memoirist shows us that perhaps the truest way to make sense of memory is by investigating the pictures of our past (both physical and mental). T. C. Boyle He's like Santa Claus, only thinner. You can count on a damn good book of fiction under the tree every year. Anne Carson She was bending genres like silly straws long before it was fashionable or commercially successful to do so. Plus, she's probably the smartest author we know. Kang Chol-Hwan His memoir, The Aquariums of Pyongyang, was the first account of North Korea's gulag system by someone who had survived it. Susanna Clarke She took one of the staples of fantasy writing, the magician, and turned it into a high literary epic, removing Jonathan Strange and Mr. Norrell from the confines of genre entirely. Billy Collins He's made accessible a dirty word by celebrating the poetic pleasures and small comforts of ordinary life in a way that encourages us to celebrate them too. Joan Didion Check for the pulse of anyone who wasn't deeply moved by The Year of Magical Thinking. Didion's simple, unsentimental prose is pure inspirational power.

Katherine Dunn It's been more than twenty years since she introduced us to Arturo the Aquaboy, Ephy and Elly the twins, and Oly the albino hunchback, but we'll gladly wait another twenty for anything approaching the genius of Geek Love. Cornelius Eady and Toi Derricotte Two poets, two words: Cave Canem. The fact that they have eleven poetry collections between them is icing on the cake. Dave Eggers From A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius to McSweeney's to 826 National toWhere the Wild Things Are. He might just be the hardest-working writer in publishing. Lawrence Ferlinghetti The last Bohemian. A cofounder of City Lights Bookstore. Publisher of Allen Ginsberg'sHowland defendant in the obscenity trial that ensued. Author of A Coney Island of the Mind. His audience treats him like a rock star. Because he is one. Donald Hall The image of the eighty-one-year-old on the cover of Unpacking the Boxes: A Memoir of a Life in Poetry pretty much says it all. Kathryn Harrison It takes courage to write The Kiss. Plain and simple. Brenda Hillman Reminds us that the language we use when ordering a sandwich is also the language we use to make art. Her environmental concerns prove writers can offer more than just aesthetic pleasure. Duong Thu Huong A former member of the Vietnamese Communist Party, Duong, especially in No Man's Land,reassures us that beauty tends to be oblivious to the threats of thugs. Philip Levine He conveys and memorializes the struggles of the American working class in a way that is authentic, heartfelt, and all too rare in contemporary poetry. Jill Magi Her grassroots efforts to build community through a micropublishing model prove that you don't need a lot of money to make an impact. Gabriel Garca Mrquez He makes the most magical of circumstances believable. And this nonsense that he's finished with writing? Don't believe it. Cormac McCarthy He made it okay for literary snobs to read bloody westerns and postapocalyptic thrillers. Pat Mora The feminist poet and founder of Da de los Nios/Da de los Libros is also an energetic advocate in the bilingual community.

Toni Morrison A portrait of strength and beauty, the 1993 Nobel laureate writes utterly compelling novels about the whole arc of American experience. Haruki Murakami He consistently demonstrates how far the narrative form can bend and proves that a story with surrealist tendencies can be both moving and compelling. Barack Obama Let's never forget that our first African American president is also a best-selling author. Tim O'Brien In The Things They Carried, he gave us the ultimate meditation on war, memory, imagination, and the redemptive power of storytelling. Lucia Perillo Stares down multiple sclerosis and laughs in its face. Plus, anyone who has the guts to title a book of poems Inseminating the Elephant has our vote. Salvador Plascencia Reminiscent of another inspirational figure, Roberto Bolao, Plascencia alters our experience of the text and challenges our associations of symbol and meaning by incorporating drawings, figures, and text objects into his writing. Reynolds Price The Southern poet, novelist, and memoirist has done some of his best work after becoming a paraplegic following surgery in the 1980s to remove a spinal cord tumor. Thomas Pynchon He's like Proust. We could live our whole lives and never read Gravity's Rainbow...and still be inspired by it. David Rhodes He may have been down, but he's never been out. The author of Driftless still has a glimmer in his eye when he talks about motorcycles. Marilynne Robinson She proves that great art takes time. With the publication of Gilead, we were reminded that twenty-four years isn't too long to wait for a novel. Salman Rushdie Possession of The Satanic Verses will still get you arrested in much of the Muslim world. It's probably worth it. Kay Ryan The quietness and measured quality of her poetry also informs her lifestyle: As both a runner and cyclist, she establishes a balance between the heady work of writing and the need of the body to do its own work. Benjamin Alire Senz His novels contain heartbreakingly honest and unsentimental portraits of people struggling with such traumas as alcoholism and sexual molestation.

J. D. Salinger He found a way to write characters, dialogue, and scenes that seem effortless. And he's managed to stay hidden for decadeshow is that even possible in the twenty-first century? Frederick Seidel Sure he's filthy rich, but the man knows how to spend his money. He owns four Ducati motorcycles and he writes poems about them (probably while wearing a suit). Floyd Skloot Despite virus-induced brain damage, he writes with surprising tenderness and candor about recreating a life for himself and, in the process, makes us think about our own. Wole Soyinka The first black writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, he's written in nearly ever genre while relentlessly pursuing freedom in his homeland of Nigeria. Ruth Stone Six years ago, when she was a mere eighty-nine years old, the poet was quoted in our pages as saying, "You have to allow yourself to take joy. Otherwise, you're no good to anyone." Wisawa Szymborska The most famous living poet in Poland proves that quality is more important than quantity. The eighty-six-yearold Nobel laureate has published no more than 250 poems. Gay Talese The New Journalism. Elie Wiesel "I was the accuser, God the accused. My eyes were open and I was aloneterribly alone in a world without God and without man." from the Nobel Peace Prize winner's memoirNight. C. D. Wright She's a true original, who manages to be odd, beautiful, tough as nails, and wonderfully inventive all in the same poetic line. Authors who would have made the list had we compiled it a little over a year ago: Jim Carroll, Frank McCourt, Reginald Shepherd, John Updike, Davi