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DG SHORT CIRCUIT CALCULATION

EDITABLE DATA

AJAY KUMAR

PREPARED BY

NON- EDITABLE DATA


:E
:P
:Xd"

kV
kVA
P.U

: Xd"
:Ohm

Reactance in P.U
Impedence of the DG is
given by

:Zg

Ohm

=(E/Psc)*1000

Short Ciruit kVA (Psc) at


DG terminal is given by.

:Psc

kVA

Short Circuit Current is


Given by

:Isc

kA

Voltage Rating E
DG Rating
Sub transient Reactance
% Reactance

=Xd" in PU *100
2*

=% Xd" * kV 10 / rated kVA

0.415
2000
0.109

Data from the manufacture


0.415
0.415
0.415
1500
1250
1000
0.108
0.137
0.130

0.415
750
0.116

10.90
0.009386263

10.80
13.70
13.00
0.0124002 0.0188759 0.02238925

11.60
0.026637467

0.0861125 0.114816667

0.13778

0.172225

0.229633333

=(P/%Xd)*100

18348.62385 13888.88889 9124.0876 7692.30769

6465.517241

=(Psc in kVA)/(1.732XEX1000)

25.52745465 19.32286498 12.693853 10.7018944

8.9951268
7.56

Enter the data as per your DG Sync panel configuration


4.8
DG's
1
2
3
4
5
6

E in kV
0.415
0.415
0.415
0.415
0.415
0.415

Total fault level

P in kVA
1000
1000
2000
2000
2000
1000

Xd" in PU
0.14
0.13
0.109
0.109
0.109
0.13

9000

The equivalent Z @ at theDG Synch panel


(Which is given by parallel method of
computing equivalent impedance)

Xd" in %
14
13
10.9
10.9
10.9
13

Psc in kVA
7142.857143
7692.307692
18348.62385
18348.62385
18348.62385
7692.307692

Isc in kA
9.9374734
10.701894
25.527455
25.527455
25.527455
10.701894

77573.34409 kVA
0.002220157 Ohm

A Short Ckt. Current @ DG sync panel is the


cumulativiof all thi individual DG short
circuit current.

97.22173182 kA

OR
B Short Ckt. Current @ DG sync
panel is

=(Total Fault level /1.732*E*1000)

107.9236263 kA

Zg in Ohm
0.0241115
0.02238925
0.00938626
0.00938626
0.00938626
0.02238925

12.36
0.011609241
0.005190034
0.003342071
0.002464546
0.002220157

11.34
3.2
14.54

From

To

Fault @ Different
Locations

Impedance of cable or BBT


R
X

No of
Runs

Length

Total Z

Fault Current withstand time


Ics in kA
t in sec

EB/DG PANEL

0.000129

0.0000705 0.005145268

10

350

0.007365425 32.53137414

0.2

EB/DG PANEL-1
SMSB-A&B

SMSB-1

0.000129

0.0000705 0.000275639

15

0.007641 31.35785608

0.2

EB/DG PANEL-1
SMSB-C&D

SMSB-2

0.000129

0.0000705 0.000275639

15

0.007641 31.35785608

0.2

MLP

0.00021

0.0000718 0.001664514

15

0.009305578

25.748791

0.2

Trr-1

EB/DG PANEL-1

SMSB-A&B

MLP

SMSB-C&D

AHU-1

AHU-1

0.000264

0.0000716 0.002051528

15

0.009693

24.7206707

0.2

SMSB-1

UPS-B1

UPS-B1

0.00016

0.0000839 0.002709949

30

0.010351 23.14820706

0.2

SMSB-1

UPS-ACOP

UPS-ACOP

0.00016

0.0000839 0.002709949

30

0.010351 23.14820706

0.2

SMSB-A&B

CAFETERIA

CAFETERIA

0.00021

0.0000718 0.039948339

360

0.047589 5.034889601

0.2

SMSB-2

AHU-2

AHU-2

0.000264

0.0000716 0.002051528

15

0.009693

24.7206707

0.2

SMSB-2

UPS-C1

UPS-C1

0.00016

0.0000839 0.001806633

20

0.009448 25.36146098

0.2

SMSB-2

UPS-D1

UPS-D1

0.00016

0.0000839 0.001806633

20

0.009448 25.36146098

0.2

SMSB-2

UPS-ACOP

UPS-ACOP

0.00016

0.0000839 0.001806633

20

0.009448 25.36146098

0.2

SMSB-A&B

LC

LC

0.00021

0.0000718 0.016645141

150

0.024286 9.865987168

0.2

SMSB-C&D

LC

LC

0.00021

0.0000718 0.016645141

150

0.024286 9.865987168

0.2

MLP

MLP-B

MLP-B

0.000409

0.0000724 0.024921516

60

0.034227 7.000518118

0.2

MLP

MLP-C

MLP-C

0.000409

0.0000724 0.019937212

48

0.029243 8.193725174

0.2

MLP

MLP-D

MLP-D

0.000409

0.0000724 0.024921516

60

0.034227 7.000518118

0.2

MLP-B

LDB-01B

LDB-01B

0.00394

0.0000837 0.078817779

20

0.113045 2.119577691

0.2

MLP-C

LDB-01C

LDB-01C

0.00394

0.0000837 0.078817779

20

0.108061 2.217343395

0.2

MLP-D

LDB-01D

LDB-01D

0.00394

0.0000837 0.078817779

20

0.113045 2.119577691

0.2

LDB-01B

R1

R1

0.00798

0.399

50

0.512045 0.467942173

0.2

LDB-01C

R1

R1

0.00798

0.399

50

0.507061

0.47254195

0.2

LDB-01D

R1

R1

0.00798

0.399

50

0.512045 0.467942173

0.2

AHU-1

AHU PANEL-B

AHU PANEL-B

0.000409

0.0000724 0.024921516

60

0.034614

6.92224654

0.2

AHU-2

AHU PANEL-C

AHU PANEL-C

0.000409

0.0000724 0.019937212

48

0.029630

8.08670155

0.2

From

To

Fault @ Different
Locations

Impedance of cable or BBT


R
X

No of
Runs

Length

Total Z

Fault Current withstand time


Ics in kA
t in sec

AHU PANEL-D

0.000409

0.0000724 0.024921516

60

0.034614

6.92224654

0.2

AHU PANEL-CAHU-41C

AHU-41C

0.00394

0.0000884 0.118229747

30

0.147860 1.620506669

0.2

MLP-C

LDB-41C

LDB-41C

0.00394

0.0000837 0.118226668

30

0.147469 1.624793308

0.2

UPS-B1

UPSBBT-B

UPSBBT-B

0.000129

0.0000836 0.005380214

70

0.549731 0.435862797

0.2

UPS-C1

UPSBBT-C

UPSBBT-C

0.000129

0.0000836 0.005380214

70

0.548828 0.436580184

0.2

UPS-D1

UPSBBT-D

UPSBBT-D

0.000129

0.0000836 0.005380214

70

0.548828 0.436580184

0.2

UPSBBT-B

UPS FDB-01B

UPS FDB-01B

0.000931

0.000103 0.014050205

15

0.563781

0.2

UPSBBT-C

UPS FDB-01C

UPS FDB-01C

0.000931

0.000103 0.014050205

15

0.562878 0.425682548

0.2

UPSBBT-D

UPS FDB-01C

UPS FDB-01C

0.000931

0.000103 0.014050205

15

0.562878 0.425682548

0.2

UPS FDB-01B UDB-01B

UDB-01B

0.00147

0.0000808 0.022083284

15

0.585865 0.408980749

0.2

UPS FDB-01C UDB-01C

UDB-01C

0.00147

0.0000808 0.022083284

15

0.584961

0.40961231

0.2

UPS FDB-01D UDB-01D

UDB-01C

0.00147

0.0000808 0.022083284

15

0.584961

0.40961231

0.2

AHU-2

AHU PANEL-D

0.4250005

UDB-01B

R1

R1

0.00798

0.399

50

0.984865 0.243289648

0.2

UDB-01C

R1

R1

0.00798

0.399

50

0.983961 0.243512998

0.2

UDB-01D

R1

R1

0.00798

0.399

50

0.983961 0.243512998

0.2

Constant CABLE REQUIREDCABLE


C
S in Sqmm
USED
11.1

161.488048 BBT

11.1

155.6626212 8x300

11.1

155.6626212 1x300

11.1

127.8188244 2x185

11.1

122.7151623 2x150

11.1

114.9093413 2x150

11.1

114.9093413 2x150

11.1

24.993549 2x185

11.1

122.7151623 1x300

11.1

125.8960907 2x150

11.1

125.8960907 2x150

11.1

125.8960907 2x150

11.1

48.9754599 2x150

11.1

48.9754599 2x150

11.1

34.75106834 1x95

11.1

40.67423278 1x95

11.1

34.75106834 1x95

11.1

10.52173396 10

11.1

11.00704984 10

11.1

10.52173396 10

11.1

2.322898127

2.5

11.1

2.345731747

2.5

11.1

2.322898127

2.5

11.1

34.36252268 1x95

11.1

40.14295992 1x95

Constant CABLE REQUIREDCABLE


C
S in Sqmm
USED

11.1

34.36252268 1x95

11.1

8.044310014 1x6

11.1

8.065589196 1x10

11.1

2.163653833 2x185

11.1

2.167214993 2x185

11.1

2.167214993 2x185

11.1

2.109732619 1x25

11.1

2.113118354 1x25

11.1

2.113118354 1x25

11.1

2.03020944 1x16

11.1

2.033344554 1x16

11.1

2.033344554 1x16

11.1

1.207707066 2.5

11.1

1.20881579 2.5

11.1

1.20881579 2.5

SHORT CIRCUIT CALCULATION

PREPARED BY

AJAY KUMAR

System Voltage Primary


System Voltage Secondary
Short Circuit MVA @11KV Side
Transformer rating
Transformer %Impedance
Transformation ratio
SC Current withstand time
Constant for PVC Aluminium cable
Constant for PVC Copper cable
Constant for XLPE Aluminium cable
Constant for XLPE Copper cables

: E1
: E2
: Psc
:P
: %Z
:K
:t
:C
:C
:C
:C

11
415
193
1600
6.25
0.037727
1
13.2
8.69
10.63
6.99

KV
V
MVA
KVA

NON EDITABLE DATA


EDITABLE DATA

Sec

11 Kv
1 MVA
0.0005

The minimum size of the conductor(S) in Sqmm


required to withstand shortcircuit current(Iw) in
kA for t sec is given by

S= Iw*C*Sqrt(t)

0.0005205
0.0005205

Total Impedance of Upstream network

Zup on Low Voltage Side

Impedance of the transformer

MAIN LT PANEL

To
Stenter

MAIN LT PANEL Pad M/c Panel


MAIN LT PANEL Dyeing
MAIN LT PANEL Boiler
MAIN LT PANEL Compressor
MAIN LT PANEL Lighting
MAIN LT PANEL

Zup= (E1*E1)/Psc
=

0.626943005 Ohm

0.0026078

Zup= Zup*K*K
=

0.000892358 Ohm

383.45929
0.0026078
0.0001059

Zt= (E2*E2)/(P*1000)*%Z/100
=
0.006727539 Ohm

Fault Current on the Secondary of Transformer

From

0.0015873

5.295E-05

Isec= (E2)/(1.732*(Zup+Zt)
=
31.44 kA

Fault @ Different
Locations
main power panel-1

R
0.000161

Pad M/c Panel

0.000129

0.0000705 0.007595

Dyeing

0.000102

Boiler
Compressor
Lighting

0.01059
8.752E-05

Impedance of cable or BBT


No of
X
Z
Runs
0.000071 0.007038
5

Length

Total Z

Symmetrical

200

0.014658305

17.05517737

155

0.015215

15.74780101

0.0000704 0.009295

225

0.016915

14.16529132

0.000102

0.0000704 0.004957

120

0.012577

19.05071897

0.00021

0.0000718 0.013316

120

0.020936

11.44474978

P-P
P-N
Fault Current Ics in kA

P-E

371
0.0026954
withstand Constant Cable size Cable
C
required S Used
time
t
0.2
10.63 81.078275
0.1

10.63

52.936251

Aluminium
Area in Sqmm
1.5
2.5
4
6
10
16

Approx. AC Resistance
Al
Cu

0.00950
0.00590
0.00394
0.00244

0.01550
0.00950
0.00590
0.00394
0.00234
0.00147

Reactance

0.000107
0.0000985
0.0000927
0.0000884
0.0000837
0.0000808

Area
Sqmm

25
35
50
70
95
120
150
185
240
300
400
500
630

AC Resistance @ 90deg.C AC Reactance @ 50Hz


Ohm / Meters
Ohm/Meter
Al
Cu
Al/Cu
0.001530
0.001110
0.000818
0.000565
0.000409
0.000323
0.000264
0.000210
0.000161
0.000129
0.000102
0.000078
0.000061

0.000931
0.000671
0.000496
0.000344
0.000248
0.000197
0.000160
0.000129
0.000099
0.000080
0.000064
0.000052
0.000043

0.00008100
0.00007830
0.00007500
0.00007400
0.00007240
0.00007120
0.00007160
0.00007180
0.00007100
0.00007050
0.00007040
0.00007020
0.00006980
.

0.000128

Approx. AC
resistance at 90 deg
Ohm/Meter
Area Sqmm
Al / Cu
1.5
2.5
4
6
10
16
25
35
50
70
95
120
150
185
240
300
400
500
630
800
1000

Al.

0.00950
0.00590
0.00394
0.00244
0.00153
0.00111
0.00082
0.00057
0.00041
0.00032
0.00026
0.00021
0.00016
0.00013
0.00010
0.00008
0.00006
0.00005
0.00004

Cu
0.015500
0.009500
0.005900
0.003940
0.002340
0.001470
0.000931
0.000671
0.000496
0.000344
0.000248
0.000197
0.000160
0.000129
0.000099
0.000080
0.000064
0.000052
0.000037
0.000029
0.000023

Flexible Cables
Area Sqmm
Al / Cu
1.5
2.5
4

Approx. AC
resistance at 20 deg
0.0133
0.00798
0.00495

Approx. AC
Reactance at 50Hz
Ohm/Meter
Arm
Unarm
Al / Cu
Al / Cu

0.0001340
0.0001250
0.0001200
0.0001140
0.0001080
0.0001020
0.0001000
0.0000968
0.0000941
0.0000932
0.0000900
0.0000881
0.0000873
0.0000859
0.0000843
0.0000826
0.0000829

0.0001550
0.0001420
0.0001320
0.0001230
0.0001140
0.0001080
0.0001030
0.0000986
0.0000937
0.0000900
0.0000865
0.0000841
0.0000839
0.0000836
0.0000813
0.0000795
0.0000787
0.0000779
0.0000765
0.0000755
0.0000752

Copper Conductor
Ampere Rating
400
600
800
1000
1200
1500
1600
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
6300

AC Resistance Reactance
0.00000724 0.00000292
0.000 0.00000229
0.000
0.000
0.000 0.000001777
0.000 0.00000138
0.000 0.00000113
0.273
0.093
0.245
0.082
0.182
0.067
0.140
0.055
0.124
0.048
0.110
0.043
0.094
0.040
0.083
0.330
0.074
0.031

Aluminum conductor

Ampere Rating
400
600
800
1000
1200
1500
1600
2000
2500
3200
3500
4000
4500
5000

AC Resistance Reactance
0.00001202 0.00000271
0.00001134
0.0000023
0.00000797 0.00000175
0.00000642 0.00000154
0.00000404 0.00000144
0.00000335 0.00000109
0.00000287 0.00000093
0.00000023 0.00000074
0.00000184 0.00000063
0.00000142 0.00000052
0.00000122 0.00000039
0.00000110 0.00000032
0.00000096 0.00000026
0.000 0.00000017

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