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Part 2OPERATION

Australian Standard

SAA INDUSTRIAL TRUCK CODE

AS 2359.21985

This Australian standard was prepared by Committee ME/26, Industrial Trucks. It was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia on 3 May 1985 and published on 4 October 1985.

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The following interests are represented on Committee ME/26: Association of Employers of Waterside Labour Australian Chamber of Commerce Australian Chamber of Shipping Australian Industrial Truck Association Australian Road Transport Federation Confederation of Australian Industry Department of Defence Department of Industrial Relations, N.S.W. Department of Industry, Technology and Commerce Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries Metal Trades Industry Association of Australia Ministry of Employment and Training, Vic. Port of Melbourne Authority

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editi ons as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest editi on, and any amendments thereto. Full detail s of all Australi an Standards and related publications wil l be found in the Standards Australia Catalogue of Publications; this informati on is supplemented each month by the magazine The Australi an Standard, which subscribing members receive, and which gives detail s of new publications, new edit ions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggesti ons for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head offi ce of Standards Australi a, are welcomed. Noti fi cati on of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australi an Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 83252.

AS 2359.21985

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Australian Standard
INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS known as the SAA INDUSTRIAL TRUCK CODE Part 2 OPERATION

First publi shed (as AS 1280) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1972 AS 2359, Part fir st publi shed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 Second editi on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7262 3821 X

AS 2359.21985

PREFACE
This standard was prepared by the Associations Committee on Industrial Trucks, to supersede AS 2359, Part 21980. This edition includes requirements for rough terrain lift industrial trucks and turret type high-lift industrial trucks.

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Copyri ght STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Users of Standards are reminded that copyri ght subsists in all Standards Australi a publications and soft ware. Except where the Copyri ght Act all ows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Austr alia may be reproduced, stored in a retri eval system in any form or transmitt ed by any means without pri or permission in wri ti ng fr om Standards Australi a. Permission may be conditi onal on an appropriate royalt y payment. Requests for permission and information on commercial soft ware royalti es should be dir ected to the head off ice of Standards Australi a. Standards Australi a wil l permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Austr alia. Standards Australi a wil l also permit the inclusion of its copyri ght material in computer soft ware programs for no royalt y payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is fr om the current editi on of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied. The use of material in pri nt form or in computer soft ware programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be vari ed by Standards Austr alia at any ti me.

AS 2359.21985

CONTENTS

Page FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5


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1. SCOPE AND G ENERAL Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application . . . . . . . . . Innovation . . . . . . . . . . Referenced Documents . Definitions . . . . . . . . .

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SECTION 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7

2. RULES FOR OPERATION Qualifications of Operators . . . . Authorization of Operators . . . . Operating Procedures . . . . . . . . Training of Operators . . . . . . . . Lifting of Industrial Trucks . . . . Fuel Handling and Storage . . . . Battery Charging and Changing .

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SECTION 3. GENERAL O PERATING PROCEDURES 3.1 Pre-operating Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Unattended Industrial Trucks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Travelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5 Loading and Unloading Industrial Trucks . . . . . . . . 3.6 Lateral Levelling Mechanisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Mast Tilted Forward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8 Maintenance Platforms and Work Platforms . . . . . . 3.9 Jib Attachment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.10 Suspended Loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.11 Simultaneous Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.12 Loading and Unloading Road Vehicles and Railcars 3.13 Use of Lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.14 Refuelling and Recharging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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SECTION 4. PROCEDURES FOR P ARTICULAR MACHINES 4.1 Elevating Operator Type Industrial Trucks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2. Automatically Controlled Industrial Trucks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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AS 2359.21985

Page SECTION 5. PROCEDURES COVERING S ITE CONDITIONS 5.1 Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2 Explosive Atmospheres and Flammable Atmospheres 5.3 Pedestrian Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4 Warning Signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5 Warning Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.6 Guards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.7 Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.8 Noise Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.9 Atmospheric Pollution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.10 Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.11 Ground and Floor Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.12 Inclines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.13 Aisles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.14 Loading Docks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.15 Bridgeplates and Dockboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.16 Lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6. MAINTENANCE , REPAIR AND MODIFICATION Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safe Maintenance Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Operating Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance of Fork Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Modification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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APPENDIX A.

ATMOSPHERIC CONTAMINANTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

AS 2359.21985

STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA Australian Standard for INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS PART 2OPERATION FOREWORD
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Many accidents involving industrial trucks are due to the human element. Industrial trucks must be operated at all times in a sensible and responsible manner and within their performance capabilities. The requirements in the standard dealing with qualifications of operators and identification of authorized operators place a responsibility on the user to only authorize employees having adequate skill, knowledge and sense of responsibility. The operation of industrial trucks on gradients is completely dependent upon the type, size and purpose of the particular industrial truck. Each application has to be treated on its merits with the industrial truck manufacturer or distributor recommending what limitations need to be applied to the conditions of use.

AS 2359.21985

SECTION 1. SCOPE AND GENERAL


1.1 SCOPE. This standard prescribes requirements for the operation, maintenance, repair and modification of industrial trucks and their attachments as defined by AS 1763.
NOTE: The design and manufacture of industr ial trucks is covered by AS 2359.1.

1.2 APPLICATION. This standard is an authoritative source of fundamental principles for application by responsible and competent persons and organizations. It has no legal authority in its own right, but may acquire legal standing in one or other of the following ways: (a) Adoption by a Statutory Authority. (b) Reference to compliance with the standard as a contract of employment condition. 1.3 INNOVATION. It is not intended that the standard impose unnecessary restrictions on the use of new or unusual methods. 1.4 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS. The following standards are referred to in this standard: AS 1158 SAA Public Lighting Code Part 2Lighting of Minor Streets AS 1269 Hearing Conservation AS 1318 SAA Industrial Safety Colour Code AS 1319 Safety Signs for the Occupational Environment AS 1425 SAA Automotive LP Gas Code AS 1482 Protection by Ventilation of Electrical Equipment for Explosive Atmospheres AS 1596 SAA LP Gas Code AS 1680 Code of Practice for Interior Lighting and the Visual Environment AS 1735 SAA Lift Code Part 2Electric Lifts: Passenger and Goods Part 3Electrohydraulic Lifts: Passenger and Goods AS 1742 Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices Part 1Description and Use of Elemental Traffic Control Devices AS 1763 Industrial TrucksGlossary of Terms AS 1940 SAA Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code AS 2359.1 SAA Industrial Truck Code, Part 1Design and Manufacture AS 2402 Lead-acid Traction Batteries

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COPYRIGHT

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AS 2359.2-1985, Industrial trucks (known as the SAA Industrial Truck Code) Operation
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