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15

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

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19


FTTH
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27

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2. Kogelnik H., Jopson R.M., Nelson L.E.
Polarization Mode Dispersion // Optical Fiber

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1. Gordon J.P., Kogelnik H. PMD fundamen


tals: Polarization Mode Dispersion in Optical
Fibers // Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci., Apr. 2000, vol.

Telecommunications IVB, I.P.Kaminow, T.Li,


Eds., Academic Press, 2000, pp. 725861.
3. Brodsky M., Magill P., Frigo N.J. Evidence
for Parametric Dependence of PMD on
Temperature in Installed 0.05 ps/km1/2 Fiber //
Proc. ECOC, 2002, vol. 4, paper 9.3.2.;
Brodsky M., Magill P., Frigo N.J. Polarization
Mode Dispersion of Installed Recent Vintage
Fiber as a Parametric Function of Temperature
// IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., Jan. 2004, vol. 16,
pp. 209211.
4. Brodsky M. et al. Field PMD Measurements
through a Commercial, RamanAmplified ULH
Transmission System // Proc. LEOS PMD

, 4,2 105.
,

Summer Topical Meeting, 2003, pp. 1516,


Paper MB3.3/

15
90%

5. Jopson R.M., Nelson L.E., Kogelnik H.


Measurement of SecondOrder Polarization
Mode Dispersion Vectors in Optical Fibers //

, 4,2 105. ,
Pspec = 0
, .

th.

IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett, Sep. 1999, vol. 11,


pp. 11531155.
6. Brodsky M., Tur M., unpublished.
7. Boroditsky M. et al. Technique for InSitu
Measurements of Polarization Mode Dispersion
// Proc. OFC, 2003, vol.1, pp. 224225, paper
TuK1.; Boroditsky M. et al. InService
Measurements of Polarization Mode Dispersion

,
. ,
: Compliant Capacity
Fraction
, .
()
.

and Correlation to BitError Rate // IEEE


Photon.Technol. Lett., Apr. 2003, vol. 15, pp.
572574.
8. Birk M. et al. Field trial of endtoend OC
768 transmission using 9 WDM channels over
1000 km of installed fiber // Proc. OFC, 2003,
vol. 1, pp. 290291, paper TuS4.
9. Brodsky M. et al. ChanneltoChannel
Variation of NonMaxwellian Statistics of DGD
in a Field Installed System // Proc. ECOC,
2004, vol. 3, pp. 306309, paper We1.4.1.
10. Boroditsky M. et al. Outage probability for
fiber routes with finite number of degrees of

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005


:
. (Stephen M. Hardy), Lightwave
(Editorial Director & Associate Publisher), stephenh@penwell.com


,
.
, FTTP ( ).
?


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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

* .:
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// Lightwave Russian Edition, 2003, 2,
. 1420.

www.lightwave-russia.com

29

96 , 12
72.
Dura-Line 5 12 .
, 8/10 10/12 ( / ), 3/5 .


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30

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FTTP,
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

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.

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

.
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.


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Emtelle, , -


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, Verison. -

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

,
,
FTTP . ,
Pirelli,
, , 35
. -
.

. ,
, ,
, .
Emtelle , . , . , ,
, , .

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,
Lightwave, January 2005

www.lightwave-russia.com

33

WDM
.. ,
(Comstar UTS), volkov@post.comstar.ru

20 -

SFP (Small Form-factor Pluggable),


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, 1. ,
CWDM,
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1

www.lightwave-russia.com

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. , ,
,


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, SDH.

. -

. -

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34

, .

MRV WBM-20 Olen Com


.
11 WDM , 14 ,
.
, .. -

.
( ). , 19

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

5U ( Unit  44,5 ).
1U, Fomux C-100
Pandatel WDM0-4(8) MRV.
, GigaEdge 8200
Marconi .
. ,

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.
,
- -

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

Lambda Driver 800 2R (Reshape,


3 Regain, Reshape, Reclocking.

www.lightwave-russia.com

35

Retransmit) 3R . Fomux C-100


retiming . , ,
.

, Rx


, , , -

. 1. Fomux C 100

,
.
,
.


Internet Explorer, HP Open View (
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. , , . , MRV
,
.

36

www.lightwave-russia.com

, .
1310 Ethernet.

, .
, ,


. -

, . , Lambda Driver
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, WBM-20 1310 ,
, Ethernet (


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. -

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WBM-20 , RDN ( ).
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,
,
.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

, -

Lambda Driver 800


MRV.
P.S. -

. . SDH OmniBer 718.


, -


Pandatel

CWDM
.
. 1 Fomux C-100 Pandatel -

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.
, .

,
.
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Drop

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,
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, ,

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.

,

,
, ,

, -


DWDM.

mode optical fibre cable.


3. . ITUT G.694.2 Spectral grids for WDM
applications: CWDM wavelength grid.
4. , ,
// Lightwave Russian dition, 2004, 3,

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

1. .
WDM. / . .:
.. , .. ,
.. . .: EXFO, 2001.
2. . ITUT G.652 Characteristics of a single

.1820.

www.lightwave-russia.com

37


.. , .. ,
, sale@optictelecom.ru



10
40 /.
Perkin-Elmer NEXUS PMD
EXFO FTB-5500 .

,
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1997 ),
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www.lightwave-russia.com

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/. 1997


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38

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/.
1997

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/. 2000

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

, . . 3

, 1997 , .
, -

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,
. 1 2.

.
,
-


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,
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(-

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1997
), , .

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

. 4.
.

www.lightwave-russia.com

39



(Justin Redd), , HighFrequency/Fiber Communications Group at
Maxim Integrated Products (Hillsboro, OR), justinr@mxim.com

BER

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www.lightwave-russia.com

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BER = 1016 .
, BER
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005


BER ()
(. 1). .

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.
,
, BER,
. ,
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

, BER < R = 1010.



,
N CL BER:
N = 1/BER  [ln(1CL)]  3/BER = 3  1010,
CL = 0,95 (95%) BER = 1010 .
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www.lightwave-russia.com

41

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42

www.lightwave-russia.com

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

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1. Redd J. Calculating Statistical Confidence


Levels for ErrorProbability Estimates //
Lightwave, April 2000, pp. 110114.
2. Wolaver D.H. Measure Error Rates Quickly
and Accurately // Electronic Design, May 30,
1995, pp. 8998.
,
Lightwave, September, 2004


Apex Technologies

, AP2040A.
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

. 1.
AP2040A
Apex Technologies

3 , 60 .

. 3. AP2040A

www.lightwave-russia.com

43

FIBER BASE

.. , .. ,
, sale@optictelecom.ru

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. , -

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,

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

GPS)
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,
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,

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

. 4.




www.lightwave-russia.com

45

. , , -

, , -

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.

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-

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, , -

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Reports
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46

www.lightwave-russia.com

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

OSPA
S

. -

(OSPA Optical SParameter Analyzer).


-


, ,
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. 1.
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FiberWork Optical
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

Sunrise Telecom

SSMTT-19RH, , -

SunSet .
SSMTT-19

ReachDSL,
Paradyne.
SunSet

SSMTT-19RH. SSMTT-19 ATU-R


ADSL , ADSL 2, ADSL
2+ ADSL 2.


xDSL, E1, SDH, .
www.syrus.ru

www.lightwave-russia.com

47



.. , .. ,
, sale@optictelecom.ru

1.

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www.lightwave-russia.com

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

 = d1short L .

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

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(. . 5).

,
.

 = L/VS L/VF ,

(3)

. 3.

(
)

. ,
, , .

( ).

www.lightwave-russia.com

49

0,75 (75%).

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50

www.lightwave-russia.com

(6), . 7.
. 7 ,
. , ,
0,5 1,5 , -

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( /PMD).
Pr
100

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005

1
S

PROB

3,0

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+ (1 ) I (t +   2). (9)

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()
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 1 2005



,
0 1, . 9 . 10.

,

.

,
.
-

1. Nelson L.E. Challenges of 40Gb/s WDM


transmission //Proc. OFC2001, paper ThF1,
2001.
2. Winzer P.J. et al. Effects of receiver design
on PMD outage for RZ and NRZ //Proc.
OFC2002, paper TuI1, 2002.
3. .. . 
 


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4. Alzetta D., Matsumoto M. Transmission
degradation due to polarizationmode disper
sion in linear and nonlinear systems // Proc.
OFC2002, paper TuI3, 2002.
5. Gisin N.. Polarization effects in optical fibers:
measurement issues // Proc. OFC2002, paper
ThA5, 2002.
6. Poole C.D., Nagel J. Polarization effects in
lightwave systems, in Optical Fiber
Telecommunications IIIA, I.P. Kaminov, T.L.
Koch, eds. (Academic press, 1997).

www.lightwave-russia.com

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