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ETHERNET


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2 2006


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LIGHTWAVE russian edition 2 2006

2 2006
7 2/2006
:

2003 .
4
:
Pennwell Corp.
98 Spit Brook Road, Nashua
New Hampshire 03062-5737 USA
.: +1 603 891-0123

4 OFC

ETHERNET


NGN

2 2006

11
12

FTTP

:

.: (495) 939-3194
editor@lightwave-russia.com

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.: (495) 505-5753
mk@lightwave-russia.com

7
10

:

Pennwell Corp.
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:

: (495) 726-9285
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18 WDM
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maxvel@lightwave-russia.com

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,
.

77-14327 10.01.2003
ISSN 1727-7248

, 2006

LIGHTWAVE russian edition 2 2006

41
MPEG-
Ethernet
. 41

45
MPEG Ethernet

Comcast IP-

47
51
54 -
55

www.lightwave-russia.com

OFC


OFC/NFOEC2006
(STEPHEN M. HARDY), Lightwave
(editorial director & associate publisher)

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TO56 , GEPON PX20 GPON.


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IEEE 802.3ah .
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10GBase-LX4.
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2007-
, , 2008 , GPON

www.lightwave-russia.com

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RIO,

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

OFC

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Alight
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ROADM-.

2,9%, IP/MPLS- -

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* dial-up

7 8% . DLC DSL
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

11,7% .

www.lightwave-russia.com

OFC

, AT&T

, Nortel (), 2005 .


-

- - (R&D Research &


Development)? -

BellSouth 67 . . , , -

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Optical Society of America) LIGHT-

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, (Rajiv Ramaswami), -

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

2006

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

. 4. ,
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7

www.lightwave-russia.com

Corning
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

www.lightwave-russia.com




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// Lightwave Russian Edition,
2005, 4, . 21.
2. Chandrasenkhar S. et al. Single channel
transmission over 9280 km at 10$Gb/s using
small form factor chirp managed laser generat$
ing RZ AMI modulation format // ECOC 2005
Proceedings. Vol.6, Th. 4.2.5.
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2003, 1, . 9.
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

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www.lightwave-russia.com

11


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www.lightwave-russia.com

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

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www.lightwave-russia.com

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

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multiplexing with a 40$Gb/s base$rate // OFC 2003, postdeadline paper


PDP28.
9. Liu Y. et al. 160 Gb/s SOA$based wavelength converter assisted by an
optical bandpass filter // OFC 2005, postdeadline paper PDP17.
10. Oxenlwe L.K. et al. Filtering$assisted cross$phase modulation in a
semiconductor optical amplifier enabling 320 Gb/s clock recovery //
ECOC 2005, We3.5.5.
11. Tangdiongga E. et al. Demultiplexing 160/320 Gb/s to 40 Gb/s using a
single SOA assisted by an optical filter // OFC 2006, OTuB5.
12. Boyd R. Slow Light in Bulk Materials and Optical Fibers // OFC 2006,
OTuA1
13. Gonzalez$Herraez M. Broad$Bandwidth Brillouin Slow Light in Optical
Fibers // OFC 2006, OTuA2.
14. Dan Marom Compatibility of Flat$Passband, 200 GHz$Wide
Wavelength$Selective Switch for 160 Gb/s Transmission Rates // OFC
2006, OTuF6.
15. Poh C.$K., Alameh K. and Wang Z. A reconfigurable optical add$drop
multiplexer architecture employing Opto$VLSI processing // OFC 2006,
OTuF5.
16. ..
DWDM // Lightwave Russian
Edition, 2006, 1, . 51.
17. .. NGN // Lightwave
Russian Edition, 2006, 2, . 18.


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2004, 4, . 20.
3. Supercomm$2004 // Lightwave Russian Edition, 2004, 3,
. 5.
4. .., .., .. $
// Lightwave Russian Edition, 2005,
4, . 21.
5.
// Lightwave Russian Edition, 2004, 4, . 6.
6. Jansen S.L. et al. Demultiplexing 160 Gbit/s OTDM signal to 40 Gb/s
by FWM in SOA // Electron. Lett., 2002, vol. 38, pp. 978980.
7. Schubert C. et al. Error$free all$optical add$drop multiplexing at 160
Gbit/s // OFC 2003, postdeadline paper PD17 1.
8. Chou H.F., Bowers J.E. and Blumenthal D.J. Compact 160 add/drop

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

www.lightwave-russia.com

17

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

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www.lightwave-russia.com

19

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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

WDM

1
-

G.709/Y.1331

Interfaces for the Optical Transport Network (OTN)

()

G.798

Characteristics of optical transport network (OTN) hierarchy equipment functional blocks

()

G.870

Terms and definitions for Optical Transport Network (OTN)

()

Framework of Optical Transport Network Recommendations

Architecture of optical transport networks

Optical Transport Network (OTN): Linear protection

():

Management aspects of the optical transport network element

G.874.1

Optical transport network (OTN) protocol-neutral management information model for the network element view

G.959.1

Optical transport network physical layer interface

G.871/Y.1301
G.872
G.873.1
G.874

Architecture and Requirements for Routing in the Automatic Switched


G.7715/Y.1706
Optical Networks
G.7715.1
G.7718

ASON routing architecture and requirements for link state protocols

Framework for ASON management

G.8080/Y.1304 Architecture for the automatic switched optical networks (ASON)

G.8081

Terms and definitions for Automatically Switched Optical Networks


(ASON)

G.8201

Error performance parameters and objectives for multi-operator international paths within the Optical Transport Network (OTN)


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(OTN)


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- 2004 2005
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

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Geneva, 910 July 2003.
6. ITU$T. Rec. Y.2001 (12/04). General
overview of NGN.
7. ITU$T. Rec. Y.2011 (10/04). General princi$
ples and general reference model for next gen$
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LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

www.lightwave-russia.com

23

WDM

(PAUL SMITH), marketing manager EMEA,Transition Networks Inc.,


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, -

() ( ). -

RS-232 Ethernet.
, -

, RS-232, RS-422/485, V.35,


, -

( . media
converters ) -

X.21, Ethernet, T1, DS3, , .


(-): , . ,

Ethernet-. , , -

Ethernet, ,
10/100 / Ethernet-, -

/ .

LAN, IGMP

- .


(UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair) . , ,
UTP - .
-

24

www.lightwave-russia.com

DWDM

VoIP

T1/E1

SONET

SDH

Ethernet

TCP/IP

EDFA
FTTH
CESoP

GPON


DFB

OSI

EPON

POTS

CWDM
QoS







Direct Mail

ADSL

. (495) 939 31 94

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

WDM

,
-

, , , ,

.
-

. IT- . Ethernet ,
, , , , , .
() .


:

. 2. 7. 7

-40 +75 ;
IP20
;

snooping, ,
SNMP- -

(MTBF Mean Time

OLE .



, , , .


, -

Between Failures) 30 ;
24 48 ;
;
, EMI RFI;

UL Class 1, Division
2/Zone 2 ;


. -


:
;
;
;
;

(. 1).
,
,

.

;
, ;
;
;
;
;
.


()


, . -

DIN

, ,
Fieldbis, Modbus, Interbus .,

RS-232 RS-485.

.
,

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

. 3. 7
.

,
.
, ,

www.lightwave-russia.com

25

WDM


, -

,
,
. ,

, .

, SNMP-,

.


,

- (. 2) (. 3).

. , -

, (EMI),

, -

. -

-
-

EMI .

. 4. . 7

. ,
, -

,
DIN-; -

,
-

PLC
(Programmable Logic Controller),

PLC-. PLC .
.

PLC (. 4).
SNMP
.

, .

. 5.

26

www.lightwave-russia.com

, .

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

WDM

.
, ( .) , .
,

(NEMA The

,
.


--

- ,

. -

.
, .


. , - ,
.

National Electrical Manufacturers Association),



(UL Underwriters Laboratories) (IEC
International Electrotechnical Commission).
. .
/ Ethernet-.

,
*.
125 (
). , , ,
(. 5).



,
,
,


.

, , , , ,
.
,
, * .

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

www.lightwave-russia.com

27

WDM


ETHERNET
, Cisco Systems

Ethernet
(NGN)

() -


SDH (STM-1, STM-4 STM16), IP -

, NGN-. , -

(. . 1).

(, ,
..) (-

Metro Ethernet
ADSL-

SONET/SDH Etnernet

) . IP-,

. -

(OTN). 2006 .

Gigabit

, -

IP
.

Ethernet 10 Gigabit Ethernet.



40G IP/MPLS.

, .
, IP Ethernet

(MPLS)

.

STM-64 (10 /)
SDH-
.

TriplePlay ,
Ethernet-
- (. . 2).

. 2.

Gigabit Ethernet
10 Gigabit Ethernet .

HeavyReading 2005

Ethernet,

:
,
Ethernet ?

SONET/SDH Ethernet.

Ethernet
,
SONET/SDH?

, ,
AT&T (SBC), BCE, Broadwing, BT
. 1. 7
Group, Colt Telecom Group, Deutsche

Telecom AG, Level 3 Communications,

MCI, Telstra, Verizon Communications,


WiTel Communications Group.
-

Ethernet (,

DWDM/CWDM)

, , SONET/SDH.

.
HeavyReading , 60% -

Ethernet

IEEE.

28

www.lightwave-russia.com

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

WDM

802.3z

802.3ae

802.3ah

802.1ad

802.3ad

802.1ag


Gigabit Ethernet
1000Base-SX, 1000Base-LX/LH,
1000Base-ZX
10 Gigabit Ethernet
10GBase-SR, 10GBase-LR, 10GBaseER, 10GBase-LX4 WAN-PHY
Ethernet in the First Mile
1000Base-BX, 100Base-BX, Physical
link OAM (Ethernet ,
OAM )
Service Provider Bridges ( (), VLAN-/
QinQ, )
Link Aggregation
Link Aggregation Control Protocol ( , )
Connectivity Fault Management
Per VLAN OAM ( )

SX (short wavelength laser) 1000Base-LX


(long wavelength laser).

- GBIC SFP (mini-GBIC):

1000Base-SX
500 550 ;

1000Base-LX/LH 500 550 ,


SMF
3 10 ;
1000Base-ZX
70 100 .
10 Gigabit Ethernet
.
802.3ae 802.3z CSMA/CD -

10GBase-EW

10GBase-L

10GBase-LR

10GBase-LW

10GBase-S

10GBase-SR

10GBase-SW

10GBase-L4

(PCS,PMA) 10 Gigabit Ethernet LAN-PHY


WAN-PHY. (. 2).
2

10GBase-X

10GBase-R

10GBase-W

8B/10B

64B/66B

64B/66B +
SONET
Framing

Ethernet

Ethernet

SONET

,
/

4x3,125

10,3125

9,95

VPLS.

ITU () SG15/Q11,
SG13/Q3, SG13/Q5.
Ethernet . (end-to-end OAM).
MPLS/FR Forum / FR/ATM Ethernet.
DSL Forum WT101 DSL (GEDSLAM) Ethernet.
IEEE 802.3z, Gigabit
Ethernet, LLC2
FastEthernet,
: CSMA/CD FullDuplex.
Gigabit Ethernet Fibre Channel
(ANSI X3T11) 8B/10B.

Gigabit Ethernet 1000Base-

LAN PHY

WAN PHY

,
10GE:
10GBase-R, 10GBase-X 10GBase-W.
10GE - XENPAK
(www.xenpak.org), X2 (www.x2msa.org)
XFP (www.xfpmsa.org). :
10GBase-S
MMF 500 550 ;
10GBase-L
SMF 10 ;

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

10GBase-LX4
LAN PHY

10GBase-W


SONET/SDH. , -

OAM 802.1ag).
IETF L2VPN PWE3.
Ethernet VPWS,

10GBase-X

10GBase-ER

IEEE Ethernet

Ethernet- (Provider Bridges 802.1ad;


EFM 802.3ah; Connectivity management


10GE :

10GBase-R


802.3. -

10 ( 4
WWDM);
10GBase-E
SMF 40 .
,

10GBase-E

IEEE,
1.

Ethernet (UNI; Ethernet Services E-LAN,


E-LINE; E-LMI .). -

MMF 300 , SMF -

, , , MAC--

:
MEF Metro Ethernet Forum.

10GBase-L4

WAN PHY

GE, 10GE
, ,
(WDM). WDM-
:
CWDM oarse WDM, ADM. CWDM 8

1470,1490,1510,1530,1550,1570,1590
1610 . CWDM 100
[23].

DWDM
, .
DWDM 32
[4]. ITU (grid
100Ghz, 50Ghz). 200 600 .
, CWDM- GE -
SFP GBIC. DWDM GE
- GBIC SFP ( .). 10GE DWDM XENPAK.
DWDM-
DWDM GBIC/XENPAK -

www.lightwave-russia.com

29

WDM

:
1. Ethernet- CE- (end-to-end).
Ethernet: , MPLS-, .
2. ( SLA).
, ,
(jitter), -

. 3. Ethernet:
E7LMI L2 7
CE; Ethernet Link OAM
Ethernet7; Service OAM
VLAN7

.
, Ethernet
OAM, . 3.
Ethernet
OAM -


SFP/GBIC/XENPAK,

. 4 -


DWDM . -

FCAPS -


Ethernet OAM.

. , DWDM GBIC/XEN-


, -

PAK- ITU-T G.709,


Ethernet
(Carrier Ethernet OAM)

Ethernet OAM
.

FEC
10GE 2 5
.
DOM.
SFF-8724 WDM

, , , -


Ethernet.

L2 Ethernet,

IEEE http://www.ieee.org/portal/site
IEEE http://www.ieee.org/web/standards/home/find.html
ITU-T http://www.itu.int

IP
() DWDM [5],
40 50 /. . 
10 / IP.
, IP 
.
IP .
IP 8 .
, 10 Gigabit Ethernet,
. 2005
10 Gigabit Ethernet.  
10 / (9, , 
). .
IP 10 / 12 IP 
, . Cisco 7606 DWDM
10 Gigabit Ethernet.
15.
10 IP 
, 
. ,
. ,
IP (
, , IP) 2 3 .

30

www.lightwave-russia.com

ITU-T SG13 Y.1730 http://www.itu.int/rec/trec-y.1730/en


ITU-T SG13 Y.ethoam http://www.itu.int/itut/2001-2004/com13/meetings_past.html
MEF http://www.metroethernetforum.org
IETF http://www3.ietf.org
IETF draft-ietf-l2vpn-oam-req-frmk-01.txt
http://www3.ietf.org/proceedings/04nov/IDs/draf
t-ietf-l2vpn-oam-req-frmk-01.txt

, Ethernet
.
, TDM- IP,
. Ethernet
.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

WDM


DWDM
-

SFP -GBIC.

,
, jam signal

SLA (Service Level Agreement)


. C -

, .
4
DOM (Digital Optical

Monitoring) Ethernet OAM
.

FCAPS (Fault, Configuration,

( )

, , ,
, ..
SMF (Standard Message Format) -

ITU-T SG13,
Y.ethoam


Ethernet OAM

Accounting, Performance and


Security)

API MHS Novel.

ITU-T SG13,
Y.1730


OAM Ethernet-

802.3ah

Ethernet ,
OAM

, ,
, ,
FCAPS ( OSI/ISO).
FEC (Forward Error Correction)

STM, STM-n (Synchronous Transport Module


level n)
n.
SDH, n ,
155,52 /.

(-

TDM (Time-Division Multiplexing)

) [56].
GBIC (Gigabit Interface Connector)

(), ,
,

Ethernet, GBIC
(1000Base-SX 1000Base-SL)

.
.

802.1ag

MEF
IETF
draft-ietf-l2vpnoam-req-frmk01.txt

.

OAM VLAN
E-LMI

VPLS OAM

TDM/SDH-,

- 550

XENPAK (The XENPAK Multisource


Agreement MSA) XENPAK,

GE/10GE-
.

3 .

,
IEEE 802.3ae.

LAN-PHY (LAN Physical Layer Protocol) LAN.

WAN (Wide Area Network) () , .

,
.

ATM FDDI.
, .

WAN-PHY (WAN Physical layer protocol)


WAN.

LLC (Logical Link Control) (

ADSL (Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line,


Asymmetrical DSL) -

IEEE 802.2.
MAC (Media Access Control) -

, DSL;
HDSL (
DSL). (
1,5 9 /, 640 /) -

() .
,
, ,
.
MMF (Multimedia Movefile Format)
.

5,5 .
Base ( Baseband) -

MPLS (Multiprotocol Label Switching) -

.
Gigabit Ethernet
(10GBase-S, 100Base-T ..).
CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access With
with Collision Detection) -

(), MPLS.
OAM (Operations, Administration and
Maintenance) , .
OTN (Optical Transport Network)
.


(, ). ,

PCS (Physical Coding Sublayer) .


PMA (Physical Media Access)

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

1. . .
NGN // Lightwave Russian Edition,
2006, 2, . 18.
2. . ., . . $

CWDM.
// Lightwave Russian Edition, 2004
2, . 20.
3. . . $
$
(WDM) // Lightwave Russian Edition,
2004, 2, . 47.
4. DWDM$ $
// Lightwave Russian Edition, 2005,
2, . 50.
5.
//
Lightwave Russian Edition, 2004, 4, . 21.
6. ..
EDFA // Lightwave Russian Edition,
2003, 1, . 22.

www.lightwave-russia.com

31

WDM

ROADM .

(STEVE D. ROBINSON), $
(product management) Meriton Networks ()

ROADM .


.
-


OADM --

, -

(ROADM Reconfigurable Optical Add-

.
,

Drop Multiplexers).

,
-

,
, -

ROADM
, , - (OADM)

.
-

()
, , -

,
SONET/SDH ADM.

, .

ROADM -

.
ROADM :

, -

.
, (
).
, (bursty) , , ,
VoD (
). QoS ( ).
.
2001 -
.

3G ROADM

.

(OpEx) 70 80% ,

OpEx.

,
.


.

32

www.lightwave-russia.com

.
. ,
.
, .
OADM-
. :

. ,
OADM
, ,
, ,
.


ROADM. , 65%

ROADM- 65%.
-

, ;

(
);


SONET/SDH WDM
.

ROADM
ROADM-
-.
ROADM :

ROADM;
;


(IPLC Integrated Planar Lightwave Circuits);

- .
ROADM
,

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

WDM

(VOAs
Variable Optical
Attenuators). -

- ,
$


,
,

$ $
(WSS wavelength
selective switch) (. 1).
-

. (-

ROADM
,
,

) DWDM- -



.
-

. -

DWDM- .

. 2. ROADM.
ROADM , 7
. ROADM7, 7
Ethernet SONET

(DGE Dynamic Gain


Equalization).
ROADM,
WSS, -

DWDM-, VOA
.

OADM.

ROADM (MEMS Micro

IPLC

, . WSS ROADM-

Electromechanical Systems [1])


.

, -

.
,

. :
- ;

. 1. WSS ROADM.
WSS ROADM 7
,


(

).
, IPLC-
-

.
,
, . ,

, , .

,
,

ROADM-
-

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

;
;

.
OADM, WSS ROADM ,
.
WSS ROADM,
ROADM- :
- ,
;


,
, , ;

GMPLS- , ;
c
(jumpers), -

www.lightwave-russia.com

33

WDM


(-);
, ,

, ROADM .
,

ROADM-
-

(, 9
Gigabit Ethernet 10
/ );



;
,


.3 7
.

ADM (Add/Drop Multiplexer)


--

,
,

.
DGE (Dynamic Gain Equalization) -

, .

.
IPLC (Integrated Planar Lightwave Circuit)

.
MEMS (Micro Electromechanical System)

ROADM

.
SONET-

.
OpEx (Operational expondifures) -

- 2003 . ROADM .

( ).
ROADM,

.
:

SONET- Ethernet- (. . 2);



DWDM
;

Gigabit
Ethernet.
(. . 3). ROADM. Gigabit Ethernet
10-/c . , .
. , .
,

WSS ROADM

ROADM- .
,

34

www.lightwave-russia.com

.
ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop
Multiplexer)
-.
SDH (Synchronous Digital Hierarchy)

.
SONET (Synchronous Optical Network)
.
QoS (Quality of Service) .
VOA (Variable Optical Attenuator) .
VoD (Video on Demand) .
WSS (Wavelength Selective Switch) .

1. .
// Lightwave Russian Edition,
2006, 2, . 55.
2. .. $
$
// Lightwave Russian Edition,
2005, 2, . 22.
3. Supercomm$2005: Supercomm //
Lightwave Russian Edition, 2005, 3, . 5.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

WDM



?
7 (JON7EN WANG), Fiber Optics Engineering, PCT International
,


-.


(green field), , . -

, .

,
T1/E1. -

. ()

, - .

. , ,

,
WiMax,


. TDM-

IP-, .


. -

T1/E1, , -, ,


,
,
, .
, , , .
, VoIP,
(VPN), (SAN), .

, .

,
. , , / IP- .

,
802.11 WiFi 802.16 WiMax.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

www.lightwave-russia.com

35

WDM

, .
-, -

,

. -

-,
.


,
.

, .
, ()

. -

.
,

-,
-

,
-

, -

( , -

,
, -

, T1/E1

, ,
), , -

.
-

. .

. 1. 7
(OADF),

.. ,

(-

, -

, .)


, -

, ,

, .
-, ,
VoIP,
-


. , . 2. OADF 7
. 7

, , T1/E1,
.
T1/E1 , .


, .
.

-,

.
-,
,
. -


. , -

36

www.lightwave-russia.com

,
., -

. ,
,

/ .


- , (
)
. DWDM, CWDM.
CWDM-

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

WDM


- .


, -

10 , 1430 1610 .
,

,

-

(water
peak),
. GigE
CWDM- -

-

. -



.
-

10 /
.

CWDM-

, IP

,
. OADF, -

. 3.
7
7
CWDM7

,

-

.
-40 + 60 ,
ITU-

CWDM-.

, . 2.
CWDM--

, -

, THC-2312 BTFx PCT


Internatoinal (. 5).


ITU-

,
: -

CWDM-.

(60/90 VAC) (48 DVC) . -

3 25 . ,

-40 + 60 ;
-

.
.
, CWDM- , ,

1550



ITU
CWDM-.


- (OADF) -

1547 1553
(. 3). -

,
.
,
. . 1,


CWDM-
0,1 -

OADF ( , ,
pigtail),

1
. 3 , ,

.
, . ,


+60 ,
-20 .

OADF- -

-40
-50 .

. 4.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

-,


, , .

. 5.
,
7

.

, ,
, , ,

.

www.lightwave-russia.com

37




RONALD HABEKOTHE, Molex Interconnect

 ,

.


(EMI ElectroMagnetic Interference) -

, , -

(RFI Radio Frequency


Interference)

. ,
,

,
. EMI/RFI-

, ,

, . -

EMI/RFI-.

, .

, EMI/RFI-

.
, -

. 1.

7

(EMI/RFI). 7

.
EMI/RFI- ( ,


.
, -

, ), (MILSTD-461),
. , -

EMI/RFI, . , -

(. 1).
EMI/RFI-
,


.
-

. -

(evaporative plating process).


,


: ,
, -

EMI/RFI-
- . ,
,
. -

.
, ,
,
,

.
EMI/RFI- -


EMI/RFI-. , -

38

www.lightwave-russia.com

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

. 2. EMI/RFI

, -

, ,
MIL-DTL-38999,

( ) .
(,

2 64 . EMI-
, -

), , , .

.
, (termini)

EMI- (. 2) , , SC, LC, MPO.


. ,

EMI/RFI-.
EMI-, -

LC
50 4 . -


(die-cast) -

,
,

EMI-. EMI- -

45 (. 1), -

. EMI- -

. 3.

. -

:
.

. ,

, . (snap-mount)
-

,
. -

.
, -

, -


. -

,
,
MIL-STD-1560, 2 29 -

. , , . 3.

40

www.lightwave-russia.com

,
,

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

MPEG
ETHERNET
(JASON THOMAS), product specialist Anritsu (),
(RICH CHERNOCK), director of technology Triveni Digital ()

Gigabit
Ethernet -
.
,
IP TV ( IP-) VoD (
, Video on

Ethernet
Ethernet
. ,

, MPEG-,
.
-

Demand)

.
-


(multicast)

, ,
MPEG-2*.

MPEG- Ethernet-

(PES Packetized
Elementary Stream)

(. 1).

.
MPEG-
-

MPEG-2, 188- .
PID (Packet

:
(latency), (IDentifier)
. 1. MPEG72
),
Gigabit Ethernet
, (throughput)
, (utilization). Triple Play, .. ,
,
, , MPEG-2 PSI* (PAT PMT).
.
,
Gigabit Ethernet , , MPEG-2,

Gigabit Ethernet.


2,


, MPEG-2-
3.
Ethernet

(PCR Program Clock Reference)


. PID PCR
. PID
, ,

* MPEG-2 (Motion Pictures Experts Group )


(ISO/IEC 13818) ,
. 2,5 /,
,
.

,
. Ethernet IP- -

PCR

PCR. PCR -

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

www.lightwave-russia.com

41

. -

- . -

- -

IGMP,
. $
,
-

.
,
. , , .
-

: .

, ,
.
, IP-
,

- .
- ,
. -

, . PCR-

, , ,

PCR -


, -

.
-

. PCR

. -

. -

, -

MPEG-.

(PST Presentation Time


Stamp) PES- - ,

. 2. 7
Gigabit Ethernet, 7
MPEG72

. PCR -

PCR.

, .
(multicast)

.
, -

PCR PTS :

, -

, , MPEG-2-,
. -: -

.
, ,
, -

. , ,
DWDM-.

(IGMP Internet Group Multicast Protocol)



,
. IGMP
,

, , Gigabit Ethernet
.
Ethernet- IP () UDP (User
Datagram Protocol). ,


MPEG-2. , MPEG-2-

, Gigabit Ethernet
MPEG-2-.

UDP MPEG-2,
16 MPEG-.
MPEG,

Gigabit Ethernet

.

-


Ethernet-,
. ,

-

.
,
- ,

,
(. . 2).
-


, ,
VoD, IGMP ,

* PSI (Program Specific Information)


.
PAT (Program Association Table) : PID ,
.
PMT (Program Map Table)
: PID, .

42

www.lightwave-russia.com


Ethernet- ,

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

FTB-200
EXFO,
,

.


:
, , FTTx PON
(,
, )

: OTDR, OLTS, SONET/SDH


Ethernet ,

2-

OTDR

, FTB-200
: www.exfo.com/supertech.

: www.exfo.com
1 418 683-0211 | 1 800 663-3936

- VoD IP TV, Gigabit Ethernet , Ethernet MPEG-2.

.
VoD-

,

,

, Ethernet.
-

IGMP
,
Gigabit Ethernet -

.
Triple Play

-.

,
Ethernet,
MPEG-2 -

IGMP
MPEG-2. VoD IP TV

, Ethernet.

,
.


,
MPEG-2, -

MPEG-2.
-

, . -

,
.

IGMP,
IP-. -

.
IGMP -

44

www.lightwave-russia.com

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

COMCAST
IP
(MEGAN FULLER), senior editor, Lightwave

Comcast () 30 000- -

, Common Photonic Layer


(CPL), Optical
Multiservice Edge (OME) 6500. Nortel -


Comcast, eROADM

,
35 . , -

Comcast 20- 2005 .


Comcast -

,
.

100 . . -

, -

21 . .

OEO () , , -

.
-

, .

- (IP)
,
Comcast -

OME 6500s Nortel Carrier Routing


System (CRS-1),

. ,

CPL.

Infonetics Research
() , , -

Comcast CRS-1 Cisco


IP-. DWDM-, -

, -

, , IP / Ethernet- .

40 / 10 / ,
, ,
400% .
. 1. DWDM7
(Common Photonic
Layer)
Comcast


Comcast IP/ ,
, (MSO Multiple System Operator),

. , , , -

10 / 40 / DWDM- , Comcast CRS-1, , Comcast . DWDM--

. Comcast 19 000 , Level l3


Communication. (John
Leddy), - -

, (Philippe
Morin),
Nortel. CPL - , -

, 40 /
.
DWDM- IP , , . , -

Comcast, . -

- (eROADM),
-

,
, -

, 2006 .

Comcast Nortel (),
DWDM- -

5
/ .
(Vik Saxena), -

, .
,
IP- .
, .

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

www.lightwave-russia.com

45

.
, ,

. 2005-
, , -

. , 15%
2004 .
, IP TV (VoD). Comcast VoD, ,

.



IP-, .

. 2. 7

(CRS71) Cisco
Comcast
40 /
10 / WDM7

, , .
,
Nortel.
, ,

(multicast), Comcast Digital Voice


(CDV) .

, Comcast IP/ .

, Comcast

, DWDM-.

,
(OAM&P) .,

40 /,
10 / ,

.
OTI

10 /
, -


, ,

, , -



IP- , ,

, .
IETF GMPLS-, -

Comcast.
, Comcast -

, , -


. Cisco Nortel Comcast
OTI (OTI

,
, .

CPL (Common Photonic Layer)


DWDM-
Nortel.
CRS-1 (Carrier Routing System) -

Open Transport Initiative)


-

.
OME 6500 (Optical Multiservice Edge) -

IP- . OTI
, Comcast, Cisco Nortel.
, , , , ,
,
.
IP- .

IP .
, , , IP--

, ,
Comcast, WDM- . , 2000 ,
WDM--

. , ,
, , ,
10 / Ethernet,
, , 1 ,
.
, , .

Nortel.
MSO (Multiple System Operator)
(

).

Lightwave Russian Edition



-
-
.
, ,
.
www.lightwave-russia.com

, , -

46

www.lightwave-russia.com

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006



Fluke Networks (, )
SimpleFiber -

LinkWare. SimpleFiber SimpleFiber 850/1300

Fluke Networks. VisiFault


- ,
, -

-
.

SimpleFiber
1310 1550 .

-

,
.
-

,
, -

FiberViewer :
.
FiberViewer FT120

.
2,5 1,25 ( ).

200- -


. -

, -


, .
-

. 1.
7
7
FTTH

850 ,
1300 , 1310 1550 .
-

FiberViewer FT140
400- . FiberViewer -


. SimpleFiber,
CablelQ -

. SimpleFiber 100

.
, - -

.
- -

,

LinkWare,


(VFL) VisiFault

. CablelQ
CablelQ Reporter.


FLUKE NETWORKS
EtherScope Series II Network Assistant ,
, 

. 1.

EtherScope Series II Network
Assistant

Fluke Networks
EtherScope Series II Network

Analyzer 66% -

Assistant.


.
EtherScope Series II

, ,
.

,

, .
SFP

, 802.1X
PoE (Power over Ethernet).
EtherScope Series II

1000BASE-SX/ LX/ZX.
EtherScope
x . -

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

www.lightwave-russia.com

47

, 802.1X ( 10
EAP), , -

.
EtherScope Series II -

802.11 a/b/g.
, -

. , , IP- (DHCP),


, , . Wireless

(WLAN).
EtherScope Series II
PoE,

EtherScope .
EtherScope Series II -

IP-,
.
PoE -

, . ,
, 8 , . -

. 2. EtherScope Series II
7
,

.

PoE, , -

, -


EtherScope , Huawei.

, -

, -

1000 .


4 , 6
.

6 12 . .

. 1. 7

,
, , , -


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, . -

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( DN 100) .

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,

, .

, . ( ),

~ 0,05.

7

50 .
12 9 .

.
25 63 .

48

www.lightwave-russia.com

. 3.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

SURE
,
--2006 ,


.
-

SURE (Seal
Underground Remote Electronics).
ADSL -

.
, , .

,
. DSLAM .

4
. DSLAM, 72

. , (, -

10-
(88 5).
-

) .

SURE DSLAM
( )

(
2 ).
-

IP68.

(. ).

. 1. SURE

RECORDsplice FTTH

. ( -


RECORDsplice (.1). , -

),
, .
,

, .


.

.
.
,
-

. 20 000
.

,

.
-

RECORDsplice . .
-


. RECORDsplice (250 900 ), -

. ,
,
( -

,
.

,
. , , -

) -

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

. 1. RECORDsplice

www.lightwave-russia.com

49

,
,

. ,
3,5
(-


. -

,
.) -

,
.


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. 1.

, -

3,5 -


- . , -


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165

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8,7

4,59

112

3,5

4,9

180

14,05

8,9

4,05

156

3,5

5,1

210

16,27

9,1

2,92

, . ,
-

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-

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. -

(
).

, ,
,

,
,
-

, . , -

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50

www.lightwave-russia.com

*
.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

A: , 192007 $,
. , 21
.: +7 812 320$2471
: +7 812 320$2470
E-mail: pt@ptfiber.ru
: www.ptfiber.ru
-
:
Corning Cable Systems
( , , ,
, ), , ( ), .
: - , ,
Corning , - .

: , 105005 ,
. , 8, . 1
./: +7 495 265$4430, 267$1393
E-mail: info@alkorfiberoptics.ru
: www.alkorfiberoptics.ru

A: , 117335 ,
. , 79, . 1, 4.
.: +7 495 775$3175 ()
: +7 495 775$3175
E-mail: info@c$tt.ru
: www.c$tt.ru



-
.



, 1996 .




.
, ,
.

OFSOPTICS

01,

A: , 103104 ,
., 9,
/ , 315 (OFS)
.: +7 495 202$7659
: +7 495 901$9711
E-mail: amikilev@ofsoptics.com;
mpavlychev@ofsoptics.com
: www.ofsoptics.com

A: , 198323 $,
, 115
.: +7 812 380$3901
: +7 812 380$3903
E-mail: office@ocs01.ru
: www.ocs01.ru

:
.:

, 117556 ,
. , 11, . 1
+7 495 225$3888,
+7 495 225$3858,
+7 495 225$3873
+7 495 225$3965

-mail:

info@stroipolymer.ru;
zpt@stroipolymer.ru

www.stroipolymer.ru

-

, , . ,
, .


,
.

. .

OFS (Optical Fiber Solutions - ) ,


, ,
. OFS, Lucent
Technologies,
.
OFS Lucent Technologies
Furukawa 2001 . Furukawa
Electric Co LTD OFS.
OFS
. , . , ,
, . 2001
OFS. 1998

- --1 - .

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

A: , 198323 $,
, 115,
.: +7 812 146$1761
: +7 812 146$1140
E-mail: plastcom@plastcom.spb.ru
: www.plastcom.spb.ru
01

()
(), .

,
( , , ..).
, , ,
.

www.lightwave-russia.com

51

SYRUS SYSTEMS

A: , 107140 ,
3$ ., 5
.: +7 495 937$5959, 262$7744
: +7 495 262$7744, 262$7764
E-mail: sale@syrus.ru
: www.syrus.ru
SYRUS SYSTEMS
.
SYRUS SYSTEMS

- ,
,
.
:

,

,

PHOTONIUM

A: Photonium Oy, Maksjoentie 11,


Virkkala FI$08700, FINLAND
.: +358 19 357381
: +358 19 3573848
E-mail: photonium@photonium.fi
: www.photonium.fi
.: +358 40 5626797
E$mail: alexei.malinin@photonium.fi

A: , 143952 . .,
. , . , . 7
.: +7 495 980$7860 (.),
528$4507, 528$8078
: +7 495 528$8078
E-mail: info@elixcable.ru
: www.elixcable.ru

Photonium
.
FCVD,
MCVD.
Photonium , .
Photonium .
, ,
, , , .
Photonium ,

2005 . , :
PON

(FTTP/FTTH)


.

52

www.lightwave-russia.com

A: , 115088 ,
. , 7
.: +7 495 786$3434
: +7 495 786$3432
E-mail: mail@ssd.ru
: www.ssd.ru, www.fot.ru

71 7

, . -

A: , 117997 ,
. , 84/32,
. 2$2, 2730
.: +7 495 787$1777
: +7 495 333$3300
E-mail: info@teralink.ru
: www.teralink.ru

-
-
.

1000 , , -

A: , 394019 ,
. , 6
.: +7 (0732) 14$27$95, 79$07$55
: +7 (0732) 14$27$95, 79$07$55
E-mail: ofssvs1@ofssvs1.ru
: www.ofssvs1.ru
-
, , .
. . , .
ISO 9001-2000 (
092294 QM, DQS).

, , ,
.


,
, , .



3, Tyco Electronics
Raychem, Seba, Corning Cable Systems.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

A: , 220088 ,
, 15, 907
.: +375 17 294$5972
: +375 17 294$4935
E-mail: info@beliit.com
: www.beliit.com
- : , , , , . , .

A: , 125315 ,
, 72,
.4, 807
.: +7 495 721$1888
: +7 495 721$1891
: www.raychem$telecom.ru
( )
,

.
FOSC 400, , FIST,
(Single Circuit Management).

Fluke Networks
A: , 127236 ,
., 71
.: +7 495 901$9186 (),
+7 495 755$9088,
+7 495 487$0125
: +7 495 901$9186
E-mail: sale@optictelecom.ru
: www.optictelecom.ru
A: , 050004 ,
. , 67, 204
.: +7 3272 664$002, 664$003
: +7 3272 507$327
: , .

1999 .
:
,
DWDM;

;
( , );

(fiber characterization);
;
EXFO ;
;
.

A: , 443022 ,
. , 9
./: +7 846 955$1193,
+7 846 955$0963
E-mail: socc@soccom.ru
: www.soccom.ru

, -
, 17 1997 .

.


33 000 .

. ,

: 6920 Seaway Boulevard


Everett WA 98203 USA
: PO Box 777
Everett WA 98206 USA
.:
:
E-mail:

001 425$347$6100
001 425$356$5116
info@flukenetworks.com


-
.

EXFO

: www.flukenetworks.com
Fluke Networks
Fluke Networks , ,
.
SuperVision
Solutions
,

, . Fluke Networks , ,
,
.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

A: Le Dynasteur 1012, rue Andras


Beck 92366 Meudon La Foret
Cedex FRANCE
.: +33 1 40 83 8585
: +33 1 40 83 0442
E-mail: info@exfo.com
: www.exfo.com
,

,
.
EXFO

FTTx/PON,
,
,
.

www.lightwave-russia.com

53

www.alkorfiberoptics.ru

:
%
, %
, %
, %
%
,
%
, %

www.teralink.ru

www.ocs01.ru www.plastcom.spb.ru

www.beliit.com

%
% %
,
,


www.ofsoptics.com

01

OFS

,
,

,
,

.

www.ptfiber.ru

54

www.c-tt.ru

www.photonium.fi



%
,
;

, %

PHOTONIUM

www.lightwave-russia.com

%


, %

, ,
, ,
,
.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006


(AVNISH BANSAL)

, ,
:
.
, ,
. .
,
.
,
,
,
, .
,
.
,

.

, . ,
.
Lightwave Russian Edition
.


-, .

OEO (OptoElectroOpical ) ,
,
(
).


, ,
. , , , . :
(OEO)

[1],
/ .
/
(MEMS
MicroElectroMechanical Systems, . ).
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.


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- (ROADM, . [2]).

(OO) .
OEO- -:

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,
. OO-

-
-.
-
. -

. 1. MEMS7.
7

, , .

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006

www.lightwave-russia.com

55

, , ,

MEMS ( ).
, ,
,
. , ,
.
,
,
.
(. 1).
MEMS , . MEMS
-

. GMPLS

, .
. .
GMPLS -

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(
SONET/SDH).

, (FEC Forwarding
Equivalence Class).
,


(TDM Time Division Multiplexing);
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IP- -

(Lambda Switch Capable );

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,

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( ,

(LSP Label Switched Path).

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FSC


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(O-UNI Optical User-to-Network
Interface)
(GMPLS General MultiProtocol Label
Switching). GMPLS
MPLS (
, RFC 3031),

, -

56

www.lightwave-russia.com

LSR
MPLS
. LSR- PSC (Packet Switch Capable
). GMPLS
MPLS
LSR,

(FEC)




, IP-.

MPLS,
:

, -

(burst switching).

.
(LSP)
, FEC- MPLS- . LSP ,

(Fiber Switch Capable ).


GMPLS
LSP, .

FSC, LSC, TDM , , PSC. LSP LSR .
MPLS -

LSP.
- MPLS (LSR
Label Switching Router) ,
LSR.


OSI (.
[3]),
.

MPLS .
2 ( -

( )

) 3 (
). MPLS
(LER Label Edge Router) , FEC.

LSR
MPLS. MPLS , LSR -

1. $
// Lightwave
Russian Eition, 2004, 4, . 8 9.
2. .. $
$
// Lightwave Rusian Edition, 2005,
2, . 22.
3. .. $
OSI // Lightwave Russian Edition, 2005,
2, . 24.

LIGHTWAVE Russian Edition 2 2006