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Alcatel-Lucent Interior Routing Protocols Lab Guide

Revision 2.3 Sep 22nd, 2010

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Table of Contents
LAB 2 CONFIGURING STATIC AND DEFAULT ROUTES ................................................. 12 LAB 3 SPF PATH SELECTION ............................................................................... 20 LAB 4 CONFIGURING OSPF IN A SINGLE AREA.......................................................... 21 LAB 5 CONFIGURING OSPF FOR MULTIPLE AREAS AND SUMMARIZATION ......................... 29 LAB 6 CONFIGURING IS-IS FOR A SINGLE AREA ........................................................ 39 LAB 7 ROUTE REDISTRIBUTION ........................................................................... 51 APPENDIX A ANSWERS TO LAB QUESTIONS ............................................................. 54 APPENDIX B LAB SOLUTIONS .............................................................................. 58

List of Figures
Figure 1-1: Physical connectivity ..........................................................................5 Figure 1-2: Internal view of one pod......................................................................8 Figure 2-1: Pod physical connectivity .................................................................. 13 Figure 2-2: Physical connectivity ........................................................................ 14 Figure 2-3: Physical connectivity ........................................................................ 15 Figure 2-4: Physical connectivity ........................................................................ 17 Figure 3.1: SPF Path Selection ........................................................................... 20 Figure 4-1: OSPF single area.............................................................................. 22 Figure 4-2: Physical Connectivity........................................................................ 25 Figure 4-3: VPLS Connection ............................................................................. 25 Figure 4-4: VPLS Configuration........................................................................... 26 Figure 5-1: Multi-area OSPF............................................................................... 30 Figure 5-2: OSPF Virtual link ............................................................................. 37 Figure 6-1: IS-IS Single area network ................................................................... 40

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LAB 1 INITIAL LAB TOPOLOGY CONFIGURATION ........................................................4

Figure 6-2: Physical Connectivity........................................................................ 44 Figure 6-3: ISIS VPLS Connection ........................................................................ 44

Figure 6-5: IS-IS multiple area network ................................................................ 47 Figure 7-1: Route redistribution ......................................................................... 51

List of Tables
Table 1-1: Lab 1 commands.................................................................................4 Table 1-2: Router remote access addresses .............................................................5 Table 1-3: Initial router parameters ......................................................................6 Table 1-4: Router system IP addresses ...................................................................7 Table 1-5: Core IP addresses................................................................................7 Table 1-6: IP addressing and labels...................................................................... 10 Table 2-1: Lab 2 commands............................................................................... 12 Table 2-2: Pod connectivity............................................................................... 16 Table 2-3: Pod connectivity............................................................................... 18 Table 3.1: SPF Path Selection ............................................................................ 20 Table 4-1: Lab 4 commands............................................................................... 21 Table 5-1: Lab 5 commands............................................................................... 29 Table 6-1: Lab 6 commands............................................................................... 39 Table 8-1: Lab verification commands.................................................................. 58

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Figure 6-4: ISIS VPLS Configuration ..................................................................... 45

Lab 1 Initial Lab Topology Configuration


Develop an IP addressing plan for the lab topology and configure routers interfaces according to figure 1.1.

Syntax
The commands required for this exercise are listed in Table 1-1. Each command may have additional possible parameters. Use the ? character for help and to explore all command line options.

Lab 1 configuration commands


telnet admin display-config system name <name> configure router interface <name> address <address> configure router interface <name> loopback configure router interface <name> port <port> admin save

Table 1-1: Lab 1 commands

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Objective:

Figure 1-1: Physical connectivity

Pod number
Pod 1 Core Edge Access Pod 2 Core Edge Access Pod 3 Core Edge Access Pod 4 Core Edge Access

Router name
Core-Pod1 Edge-Pod1 Access-Pod1 Core-Pod2 Edge-Pod2 Access-Pod2 Core-Pod3 Edge-Pod3 Access-Pod3 Core-Pod4 Edge-Pod4 Access-Pod4

Connect address

Table 1-2: Router remote access addresses

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Exercise 1.1 Physical connectivity


Objective:

Exercise
1. Together with your instructor and other class members, develop on the whiteboard a consistent IP address plan for the lab, following the guidelines in Tables 1-3 to 1-5. 2. Connect to the routers in your pod using the addresses provided by your instructor. Fill in the required fields for Table 1-2. The username and password for all devices is admin. If you are unable to connect to any of the routers, notify your instructor. 3. Verify that the router has no configuration. Note: If a prior configuration is on your router, you need to remove it before starting this lab. If you are unsure how to accomplish this, ask your instructor.

Verification
1. Determine if you can connect to your routers. 2. Ensure that the router has no residual configuration on it.

Parameter
Pod number System IP address Pod 1 IP addressing range Pod 2 IP addressing range Pod 3 IP addressing range Pod 4 IP addressing range Core IP addressing range Loopback interfaces of core router Loopback interfaces of edge router

Value
1, 2, 3, or 4 (circle your pod number) Pod IP address/32 (see Table 1-4 for addresses) 172.16.0.0/16 172.17.0.0/16 172.18.0.0/16 172.19.0.0/16 172.31.0.0/16 (see Table 1-5 for addresses) Pod IP address/32 Pod IP address/32

Table 1-3: Initial router parameters

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Verify the operation and physical connectivity of the routers, which are connected according to Figure 1-1.

Pod component
Pod 1 core system Pod 1 edge system Pod 1 Access system Pod 2 core system Pod 2 edge system Pod 2 Access system Pod 3 core system Pod 3 edge system Pod 3 Access system Pod 4 core system Pod 4 edge system Pod 4 Access system

IP address
172.16.1.1/32

172.16.253.1/32 172.17.1.1/32 172.17.254.1/32 172.17.253.1/32 172.18.1.1/32 172.18.254.1/32 172.18.253.1/32 172.19.1.1/32 172.19.254.1/32 172.19.253.1/32

Table 1-4: Router system IP addresses

Pod connection
Pod 1 to Pod 2 Pod 1 to Pod 3 Pod 1 to Pod 4 Pod 2 to Pod 1 Pod 2 to Pod 3 Pod 2 to Pod 4 Pod 3 to Pod 1 Pod 3 to Pod 2 Pod 3 to Pod 4 Pod 4 to Pod 1 Pod 4 to Pod 2 Pod 4 to Pod 3

IP address
172.31.1.1/30

Table 1-5: Core IP addresses

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172.16.254.1/32

Exercise 1.2 Connectivity


Configure the interfaces and IP addressing in your pod.

Figure 1-2: Internal view of one pod

Exercise
Configure the routers in your assigned pod, using the address plan developed in Exercise 1.1. 1. Name each router, if not already named with the naming convention shown in Figure 1-2.
echo "System Configuration" #-------------------------------------------------name "Core1-Pod1" exit

2. Configure each pod router with a system interface and a minimum of two loopback interfaces. 3. Configure the Ethernet connection between pod routers. 4. Configure IP addresses on all internal interfaces and the Ethernet connections between pods.

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Objective

5. Make sure that your IP subnetting is consistent.


echo "IP Configuration" #-------------------------------------------------interface "C1_C2" address 172.31.1.1/30 port 1/1/2 exit interface "C1_C3" address 172.31.2.1/30 port 1/1/3 exit interface "C1_C4" address 172.31.3.1/30 port 1/1/4 exit interface "C_E1" address 172.16.2.1/30 port 1/1/1 exit interface "loopback1" address 172.16.1.2/32 loopback exit interface "loopback2" address 172.16.1.3/32 loopback exit interface "system" address 172.16.1.1/32 exit ----------------------------------------------

Verification
1. Verify that all required interfaces are active and operational. 2. On the core router, ensure that you have configured the following interfaces with IP addressing: Three core interfaces with an IP address starting with 172.31.X.Y/30 One system IP address from your pod IP address range Two loopback IP addresses from your pod IP address range One Ethernet IP address that connects to your edge router

3. On the edge router, ensure that you have configured the following interfaces with IP addressing: Two Ethernet IP address that connect to your core and access routers Two loopback IP addresses from your pod IP address range One system IP address from your pod IP address range

4. On the Access router, ensure that you have configured the following interfaces with IP addressing: One Ethernet IP address that connects to your Edge router Two loopback IP addresses from your pod IP address range One system IP address from your pod IP address range

5. You should be able to ping between the core and edge routers and the access routers on the physical interface, directly connecting the two together, and between the core routers on the segments that interconnect them.

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6. Complete Table 1-6 for your pod. Use this table in the subsequent labs: each interface should be associated with an IP address. This addressing will not vary in future labs, so you need to be familiar with it.

Router
Core Core Core Core Core Core Core Edge Edge Edge Edge Edge Access Access Access Access

Interface
System Loopback 1 Loopback 2 Ethernet to edge To Core pod: To Core pod: To Core pod: System Loopback 1 Loopback 2 Ethernet to Access Ethernet to core System Loopback 1 Loopback 2 Ethernet to Edge

IP address

Mask
255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.252

Port number
System Loopback Loopback

System Loopback Loopback

System Loopback Loopback

Table 1-6: IP addressing and labels

Bonus Step
If time permits, you may configure additional loopback interfaces on the routers in your pod. Use the next available subnets from your defined range.

Questions
1. Which command is used to ensure all ports are active?

2. Which command can be used to determine the naming convention for the interfaces?

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Notes

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Lab 2 Configuring Static and Default Routes


Configure and verify direct, floating, and black-hole static routes between routers

Syntax
The commands required for this exercise are listed in Table 2-1. See Module 2, Static Routing and Default Routes, for more information. Each command may have additional possible parameters. Use the ? character for help and to explore all command line options. Other commands may also be used, including those from previous courses.

Lab 2 configuration commands


telnet admin display-config configure router static-route <remote network/mask> next-hop <next-hop-address> {preference} <value> Configure port 1/1/X shutdown Configure port 1/1/X no shutdown trace <ip-address> ping <ip-address> admin save

Table 2-1: Lab 2 commands

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Objective

Exercise 2.1 Configuring static routes on the core and edge routers
Objective
Configure static routes between the core, edge and access routers and then verify connectivity between the routers.

Figure 2-1: Pod physical connectivity

Exercise
1. Configure default routes from the access router to the edge and core routers.
echo "Static Route Configuration" #-------------------------------------------------static-route 0.0.0.0/0 next-hop 172.16.3.1

2. Configure an explicit static route from your pods core router to the loopback and system interfaces of your edge and access routers, and from your pods edge router to the loopback and system interfaces of the your core and access routers.
echo "Static Route Configuration" #-------------------------------------------------static-route 172.16.1.1/32 next-hop 172.16.2.1 static-route 172.16.1.2/32 next-hop 172.16.2.1

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3. Verify that the core router has the static routes in its routing table. 4. Verify that the edge and access routers have the default route in its routing table.

1. Ping the core routers system interface IP address from your access router. 2. Ping the core routers system interface IP address from your edge router. 3. Ping the edge routers system interface IP address from your core router. 4. Execute a show router route command to view the static routes in your routing table.

Exercise 2.2 Configuring static routes to other pods


Objective
Configure static routes between the core routers to provide direct connectivity between pods. Each core router should have a total of three static routes.

Figure 2-2: Physical connectivity

Exercise
Configure static routes between the core routers. 1. Configure static routes on your pods core router to the core routers of the other pods.

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Verification

echo "Static Route Configuration" #-------------------------------------------------static-route 172.17.1.1/32 next-hop 172.31.1.2 static-route 172.18.1.1/32 next-hop 172.31.4.2

Verification
1. From your core router, ping the system interfaces of all other core routers. 2. From your core router, ping the system interfaces of all other pods edge and access routers. 3. From your edge router, ping the system interfaces of all other pods edge and access routers. 4. Execute a show command on your routers to verify the static routes.

Exercise 2.3 Configuring floating static routes to another pod


Objective
Configure floating static routes between the core routers to provide redundant connectivity between the pods, as listed in Table 2-2.

Figure 2-3: Physical connectivity

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2. Verify that the core router has the static routes listed in its routing table.

Pod number:
Pod 1 Core Pod 2 Core Pod 3 Core Pod 4 Core

Via pod
Pod 4 Pod 4 Pod 1 Pod 1

Remote pod

Pod 1 Core Pod 4 Core Pod 3 Core

Table 2-2: Pod connectivity

Exercise
Configure floating static routes between the core routers. 1. Configure a floating static route from your pods core router to access a remote pod, as listed in Table 2-2. Each pod should have a single floating static route.
echo "Static Route Configuration" #-------------------------------------------------static-route 172.19.1.1/32 next-hop 172.31.1.2 preference 200 static-route 172.19.1.1/32 next-hop 172.31.5.2

2. Examine your configuration to ensure that the floating static route is configured.

Verification
1. From your core router, ping the system interfaces of the remote pods routers that your floating static route has been configured for. 2. On your core router, type the show router static-route command and examine the current static route entries. 3. From your core router, shut down the port to the remote pod that the floating static route has been configured for. 4. On your core router, retype the show router static-route command and note the differences in the static route entries. 5. Check your routing table to ensure that the floating static route has replaced the original static route that you configured to the remote pod. 6. From your core router, ping the system interfaces of the remote pods routers that your floating static route has been configured for. 7. Using the trace command, trace the path being taken to the remote pod. Map and verify the path being taken. 8. Upon completion, reactivate the port that you shut down in step 3.

Questions
1. Which command was used to configure a static route to your remote peer?

2. How can a floating static route become active?

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Pod 2 Core

3. What is the default preference value for a static route?

Exercise 2.4 Configuring a black-hole static route


Objective
Configure a black hole static route on the core routers and examine the routing table.

Figure 2-4: Physical connectivity

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Pod number:
Pod 1 core Pod 2 core Pod 3 core Pod 4 core Pod 1 edge Pod 2 edge Pod 3 edge Pod 4 edge

Remote pod
Pod 1 edge

Pod 3 edge Pod 4 edge Pod 1 access Pod 2 access Pod 3 access Pod 4 access

Table 2-3: Pod connectivity

Exercise
Configure a black hole static route on the core routers. 1. Configure a black hole static route from your pods core router to drop packets that are destined for your pod address range. Each pod should have a single black hole static route. It should show the previous floating static route and the black-hole static route.
echo "Static Route Configuration" #-------------------------------------------------static-route 172.19.0.0/16 black-hole static-route 172.19.1.1/32 next-hop 172.31.1.2 preference 200 static-route 172.19.1.1/32 next-hop 172.31.5.4

2. Examine your configuration to ensure that the black hole route is configured. 3. Are you able to test the functionality of black hole? Why?

Verification
1. From your core router, ping the system interfaces of the edge routers that your black hole static route has been configured. 2. On your core router, type the show router static-route command and examine the current static route entries.

Questions
1. Which command was used to configure a black hole static route to your edge router?

2. Did the ping and traceroute commands to the system interface of the edge router work?

Notes

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Pod 2 edge

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Lab 3 SPF Path Selection


Build a link state database for rtr1 that consist of the link state information from the other routers in order to perform SPF calculation for a given path.

Figure 3.1: SPF Path Selection Rtr1 link state packet Rtr1 to rtr2 Rtr2 link state packet 10

Rtr3link state packet

Rtr4 link state packet

Rtr5 link state packet

Table 3.1: SPF Path Selection

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Objective:

Lab 4 Configuring OSPF in a Single Area


Configure OSPF in single area and analyze the OSPF database and routing tables. Examine OSPF packets exchanges to form an adjacency Inspect the designated router election process in broadcast domain

Syntax
The commands required for Lab 4 are listed in Table 4-1. Each command may have additional possible parameters. Use the ? character for help and to explore all command line options. Other commands may also be used, including those in previous exercises.

Lab 4 configuration commands


configure router router-id <ip-address> configure router ospf configure router ospf area <area-id> configure router ospf area interface <ip-int-name> configure router no isis show router ospf area <area-id> {detail} show router ospf database show router ospf interface show router ospf status show router ospf neighbor admin save

Table 4-1: Lab 4 commands

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Objectives

Exercise 4.1 Implementing OSPF in a single area


Migrate from the current implementation to that of OSPF in a single area.

Figure 4-1: OSPF single area

Exercise
1. Configure OSPF on the core and edge routers in area 0.0.0.0.
area 0.0.0.0 interface exit interface exit interface exit interface exit interface exit interface exit interface exit exit

"system" "C_E1" "loopback1" "loopback2" "C1_C2" "C1_C3" "C1_C4"

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Objective

2. Ensure that all interfaces are participating in the OSPF instance.

Verification
2. Ensure that all networks propagate to peers just as they did prior to this lab. 3. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 4. Use the OSPF show commands to examine the databases for accuracy. 5. How many routes are in your routing table?

Questions
1. What is another term for area 0.0.0.0?

2. Which command is used to confirm that OSPF is working correctly?

3. How is cost calculated on an interface by default?

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1. Verify your routing configuration by examining the OSPF tables on all routers.

Exercise 4.2 Router adjacency study


Examine the packets exchanged as OSPF routers form an adjacency.

Exercise
4. Enable debug-trace to look at OSPF packets on the edge router. To enable debug-trace:
configure log log-id <log-id> configure log > from debug-trace configure log > to session exit debug router ospf packet <packet-type> detail

5. Shut down OSPF on the edge router and start it again. Approximately how many packets are exchanged to establish the adjacency? 6. With debug-trace running, turn on authentication on the edge router and watch the packets that are exchanged. Use the password Alcatel. Note which packets are being exchanged when authentication fails. 7. Note the state that the edge and the core router are stuck in. Enable authentication on the core router to the edge and verify that the adjacency is formed. Enable authentication on your other interfaces. 8. Verify the routes in the routing table. Verify that you can ping the edge routers in the other pods. 9. Change the link from the edge to the core back to broadcast mode while running debugtrace. Watch to see which router is selected as the DR.

Verification
10. Verify that all the expected adjacencies are formed with authentication. 11. Verify that the expected routes are in the routing table. 12. Using ping, verify connectivity to the other edge routers from your edge router.

Questions
13. Approximately how many packets are required to establish the adjacency? 14. Which packets are being exchanged when authentication fails?

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Objective

Exercise 4.3 Broadcast and VPLS


Configure VPLS connections between the routers in a given Pod and examine the Designated Router election in a broadcast networks in OSPF.

Figure 4-2: Physical Connectivity

Figure 4-3: VPLS Connection

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Objective

Figure 4-4: VPLS Configuration

Exercise
1. In this exercise, students will work in two groups, one group will configure a VPLS on the upper pods, and the second group will do the same on the lower pods. The VPLS will be configured on the edge routers. The three routers participating in the service will be a core, access, and the opposite pod edge router. Use the same VPLS ID for all SAPs. Notice the change to the interface IP addresses on the access, core and opposite pod edge routers towards the VPLS on the edge router to be /29 from /30. Use the following commands to create the VPLS connection between the routers.
*A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/1 shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure router interface E1_C1 no port *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/1 ethernet mode access *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/1 no shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure service vpls 100 customer 1 create *A:Edge_Pod1>config>service>vpls$ sap 1/1/1 create *A:Edge_Pod1>config>service>vpls>sap$ exit all *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/2 shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure router interface E1_A1 no port *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/2 ethernet mode access *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/2 no shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure service vpls 100 customer 1 create *A:Edge_Pod1>config>service>vpls# sap 1/1/2 create A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/3 shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure router interface E1_E2 no port *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/3 ethernet mode access *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/3 no shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure service vpls 100 customer 1 create *A:Edge_Pod1>config>service>vpls# sap 1/1/3 create

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Verify the VPLS is operational.


*A:Edge_Pod1# show service id 100 base =========================================================== Service Basic Information =========================================================== Service Id : 100 Vpn Id : Service Type : VPLS Customer Id : 1 Last Status Change: 05/03/2010 13:14:50 Last Mgmt Change : 05/03/2010 13:15:22 Admin State : Up Oper State : MTU : 1514 Def. Mesh VC Id : SAP Count : 3 SDP Bind Count : Snd Flush on Fail : Disabled Host Conn Verify : Propagate MacFlush: Disabled Def. Gateway IP : None Def. Gateway MAC : None

Up 100 0 Disabled

----------------------------------------------------------Service Access & Destination Points ----------------------------------------------------------Identifier Type AdmMTU OprMTU ----------------------------------------------------------sap:1/1/1 null 1514 1514 sap:1/1/2 null 1514 1514 sap:1/1/3 null 1514 1514

Adm Up Up Up

Opr Up Up Up

2. Configure the OSPF interfaces between the routers as broadcast.


*A:Core_Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface C1_E1 *A:Core_Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# interface-type broadcast *A:Access_Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface A1_E1 *A:Access_Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# interface-type broadcast *A:Edge_Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface E2_E1 *A:Edge_Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# interface-type broadcast

3. Determine which is the DR and which the BDR in your pod. Note this information.

*A:Core_Pod1# show router ospf interface

4. Check your routing table to verify that you have routes to all networks. 5. From the access router, ping the system interfaces of the other core routers to verify connectivity.

Verification
1. Verify your routing configuration by examining the OSPF tables on all routers. 2. Ensure that all networks propagate to peers just as they did in the previous lab. 3. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 4. Use the OSPF show commands to examine the databases for accuracy. 5. How many routes are in your routing table?

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Note: To remove the vpls services use the following commands:

To configure the ports in network mode, shut down the ports and then use the command config>port# ethernet mode network

Questions
1. Which of the two routers in your pod is the DR?

2. Which state are the routers in if the link type does not match?

3. How are the type 1 and type 2 LSAs labeled in the database?

4. Which state are the routers in if the authentication password does not match?

Notes

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config>service# vpls 100 config>service>vpls# shutdown config>service>vpls# sap 1/1/1 shutdown config>service>vpls# sap 1/1/2 shutdown config>service>vpls# sap 1/1/3 shutdown config>service>vpls# back config>service>vpls# no sap 1/1/1 config>service>vpls# no sap 1/1/2 config>service>vpls# no sap 1/1/3 config>service>vpls# back config>service# no vpls 100

Lab 5 Configuring OSPF for Multiple Areas and Summarization


Objectives
Configure OSPF for multiple areas. Test and verify OSPF routes between routers in different area Examine OSPF database and inspect the different types of LSA Inspect the changes to OSPF database by configuring different OSPF area types

Syntax
The commands required for Lab 5 are listed in Table 5-1. Each command may have additional possible parameters. Use the ? character for help and to explore all command line options. Other commands may also be used, including those in previous exercises.

Lab 5 configuration commands


configure router router-id <ip-address> configure router ospf configure router ospf area <area-id> configure router ospf area interface <ip-int-name> area-range <ip-prefix/mask> {advertise | not-advertise} show router ospf area <area-id> {detail} show router ospf database show router ospf interface show router ospf status show router ospf neighbor Admin save

Table 5-1: Lab 5 commands

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Exercise 5.1 Implementing OSPF for a multi-area topology


Modify the current single-area OSPF to a multi-area topology as described in the figure below. The core routers will remain as area 0 while each Pod edge and access will be configured into a different area.

Figure 5-1: Multi-area OSPF

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Objective

Exercise
1. Examine the LSDB to see what types of LSAs it contains. How many are there?

router-id area 0.0.0.0 interface exit interface exit interface exit interface exit interface exit interface exit exit area 0.0.0.4 interface exit exit

172.19.1.1 "system" "C4_C2" "C4_C1" "C4_C3" "loopback1" "loopback2"

"C4_E6"

3. Verify the operation of OSPF. 4. Examine the LSDB to see what types of LSAs are there now. What new types of LSAs are in the database?

Verification:
1. Verify your routing policies by examining the OSPF tables on all routers. 2. Ensure that summary networks propagate to peer core routers, by having a Telnet session with a remote peer and checking its routing table. 3. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 4. Use the OSPF show commands to examine the databases for accuracy. 5. How many routes are in your routing table?

Questions
1. Which type of router connects more than one area together?

2. Which types of LSAs exist in a multi-area network that are not in a single area OSPF network?

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2. Modify the current OSPF topology from a single area to a multi-area topology, as shown in Figure 5-1.

Exercise 5.2 Routes from non-OSPF areas


Change the edge router to an ASBR and examine the LSAs that are exchanged throughout the network.

Exercise
1. Examine the LSDB to see what types of LSAs it contains. 2. Remove the loopback interfaces on the edge router from OSPF.
echo "IP Configuration" #-------------------------------------------------interface "E6_C4" address 172.17.2.2/30 port 1/1/1 exit interface "system" address 172.19.254.1/32 exit #-------------------------------------------------echo "OSPFv2 Configuration" #-------------------------------------------------ospf router-id 172.19.254.1 area 0.0.0.4 interface "E6_C4" exit exit exit

3. Configure the edge router as an ASBR, and create and apply an export policy to export the loopback networks to OSPF. To create an export policy, use the following commands. For more details, you can refer to the scalable IP network lab guide. To create a Routing Policy
config>router# policy-options

To enter the edit mode for creating a policy option


config>router>policy-options# begin

To name the routing policy


config>router>policy-options# policy-statement "EXPOL"

To edit routing policy entries


config>router>policy-options>policy-statement# entry 10

To define the routing protocol being advertised


config>router>policy-options>policy-statement>entry# from protocol direct

To define the action to be taken by the policy


action {accept | next-entry | next-policy | reject} Example: config>router>policy-options>policy-statement>entry# action accept

To save the configured policy-option


config>router>policy-options# commit

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Objective

4. On the core router, verify that the routing table contains routes to your loopback networks. 5. Check the LSDB and note the types of LSAs it contains. 6. Verify the operation of OSPF.

Verification
1. Verify your route policies by examining the OSPF tables on all routers. 2. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 3. Use the OSPF show commands to examine the databases for accuracy. 4. How many routes are in your routing table?

Questions
1. Which type of router connects to non-OSPF routing domains?

2. Which types of LSAs exist in an OSPF network connected to other routing domains that are not in an OSPF-only network?

Exercise 5.3 OSPF stub areas


Objective
Together with your instructor, choose two areas and convert them to an OSPF stub areas, and then examine the differences in the routing table.

Exercise
1. Examine the LSDB to see what types of LSAs it contains, and verify the routes in the routing table. 2. Remove the export policy from your edge router so it is no longer flooding Type 5 LSAs. Convert your area to a stub area.

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router-id 172.19.254.1 asbr export "EXPOL" area 0.0.0.4 interface "E6_C4" exit exit

3. Check the routing table and compare it to the previous version. 4. Examine the LSDB to see what LSAs are being filtered. 5. Verify reachability to the other pods in the network.

Verification
1. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 2. Use the OSPF show commands to examine the databases for accuracy. 3. How many routes are in your routing table?

Questions
1. What changes occur when the network is converted to a stub area?

Exercise 5.4 OSPF stub areas with summaries


Objective
Together with your instructor, choose two areas and convert them to OSPF totally stubby areas, and then examine the differences in the routing table.

Exercise
1. Examine the LSDB to see what types of LSAs it contains, and verify the routes in the routing table. 2. Implement summarization on your ABR to advertise your area as a single network entry to the other pods.

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router-id 172.19.1.1 area 0.0.0.0 interface "system" exit interface "C4_C2" exit interface "C4_C1" exit interface "C4_C3" exit interface "loopback1" exit interface "loopback2" exit exit area 0.0.0.4 stub exit interface "C4_E6" exit exit

config>router>ospf>area#area-range <ip-prefix/mask> [advertise|notadvertise]

3. Verify reachability to the other pods in the network. 5. Use the no summaries command to convert your area to a totally stubby area.
config>router>ospf>area>stub# no summaries

6. Check the routing table and compare it to the previous version. 7. Examine the LSDB to see what LSAs are being filtered.

Verification
1. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 2. Use the OSPF show commands to examine the databases for accuracy. 3. How many routes are in your routing table?

Questions
1. What is the effect on the rest of the network of implementing summarization on your ABR?

2. What changes occur when the stub area is configured with no summaries?

Exercise 5.5 OSPF NSSA


Objective
Together with your instructor, choose two areas and convert them to OSPF NSSA areas, and then examine the differences in the routing table.

Exercise
1. Examine the LSDB to see what types of LSAs it contains, and verify the routes in the routing table. 2. Convert your area to an NSSA. Add a policy on your edge router to export your loopback networks and apply it to export these networks into OSPF.
export "EXP_Loop" exit area 0.0.0.4 nssa exit interface "C4_E6" exit exit

3. Check the routing table and compare it to the previous version.

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4. Examine the size and content of your routing table and LSDB.

4. Examine the LSDB to see what LSAs are there. 5. Verify reachability to the other pods in the network. 6. Use the no summaries command to convert your area to a totally NSSA area. You need to explicitly tell the ABR to advertise a default route into the NSSA area. 7. Check the routing table and compare it to the previous version. 8. Examine the LSDB to see what LSAs are being filtered. 9. Verify reachability to the other pods in the network. 10. Examine the size and content of your routing table and LSDB.

Verification
1. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 2. Use the OSPF show commands to examine the databases for accuracy. 3. How many routes are in your routing table?

Questions
1. What changes occur when the network is converted to an NSSA?

2. What is the effect of the no summaries command on the NSSA?

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Exercise 5.6 (Optional) Configuring a virtual link to the edge router


Objective
Create a virtual link to connect a remote OSPF area to the backbone area.

Figure 5-2: OSPF Virtual link

Exercise
1. Configure your loopback interfaces on the edge router to be in area 1.1.1.X, where X is your pod number. 2. Remove the NSSA configuration. 3. Configure area 0.0.0.0 on the edge router so that the virtual link can operate correctly. 4. Identify the RID of each router (core and edge) by using the show router ospf neighbor command.

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5. Implement a virtual link between your core and edge routers.


virtual-link 172.19.1.1 transit-area 0.0.0.1 exit interface "system" exit interface "C_E1" exit interface "loopback1" exit interface "loopback2" exit interface "C1_C2" exit interface "C1_C3" exit interface "C1_C4" exit exit

6. Ensure that network convergence occurs.

Verification
1. Verify your virtual link implementation by examining the OSPF tables on all routers. 2. Ensure that the core and edge routers maintain OSPF convergence. 3. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 4. Use the OSPF show commands to examine the databases for accuracy.

Questions
1. Why are there so many more LSAs in the router databases after the virtual link is implemented?

Notes

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Lab 6 Configuring IS-IS for a Single Area


Configure IS-IS in single area and analyze the IS-IS routes. Examine IS-IS packets exchanges to form an adjacency Inspect the designated intermediate system election process in broadcast domain Configure multiple areas IS-IS and inspect route summarization

Syntax
The commands required for Lab 6 are listed in Table 6-1. Each command may have additional possible parameters. Use the ? character for help and to explore all command line options. Other commands may also be used, including those in previous exercises.

Lab 6 configuration commands


configure router isis Shutdown no isis configure router isis area-id <area-address> configure router isis level-capability <level-1 | level-2 | level-1/2> configure router isis interface <ip-int-name> configure router isis interface <ip-name> level-capability level-1 configure router isis summary-address <ip-prefix/mask | ip-prefix {netmask}> level <level> show router route show router isis adjacency show router isis routes show router isis interface show router isis status admin save

Table 6-1: Lab 6 commands

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Objectives

Exercise 6.1 Activating IS-IS on your core, edge, and access routers
Objective
Configure IS-IS on all routers to be in a single area.

Figure 6-1: IS-IS Single area network

Exercise
1. Configure IS-IS on the core, edge and access routers in area 49.0051. 2. Ensure all interfaces are participating in the IS-IS instance.

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3. When you have confirmed that IS-IS is active and converged, shut down OSPF on the router.

Verification
1. Verify your route policies by examining the IS-IS tables on all routers. 2. Ensure that all networks propagate to peers just as they did prior to this lab. 3. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 4. Use the IS-IS show commands to examine the databases for accuracy. 5. How many routes are in your routing table?

Questions
1. IS-IS is what type of routing protocol?

2. What is the default cost for each link in an IS-IS network?

3. What does area 49 denote in IS-IS?

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A:Core_Pod1>config>router>isis# info ---------------------------------------------area-id 49.0051 interface "system" exit interface "C_E1" exit interface "C1_C2" exit interface "C1_C3" exit interface "C1_C4" exit ----------------------------------------------

Exercise 6.2 IS-IS adjacency study


Examine the packets exchanged as IS-IS routers form an adjacency.

Exercise
1. Enable debug-trace to look at IS-IS packets on the edge router. 2. Shut down IS-IS on the edge router and start it again. Note the packets exchanged to establish the adjacency. 3. With debug-trace running, turn on authentication on the edge router and watch the packets that are exchanged. Use the password Alcatel. Note which packets are being exchanged when authentication fails. 4. Note the state that the edge and the core router are stuck in. Enable authentication on the core router to the edge and verify that the adjacency is formed. Enable authentication on your other interfaces.
*A:Core_Pod1>config>router>isis# info ---------------------------------------------area-id 49.0051 authentication-key "B8KjnQ7FUVsaiZJg8TjroibV7dti5iHF" hash2 authentication-type password interface "system" exit interface "C_E1" exit interface "C1_C2" exit interface "C1_C3" exit interface "C1_C4" exit ----------------------------------------------

5. Verify the routes in the routing table. Verify that you can ping the edge routers in the other pods. 6. Change your link from the edge to the core to point-to-point mode while running debugtrace. Note which packets are being exchanged when the adjacency fails to form. See what state the edge and core routers are stuck in.
*A:Edge_Pod1>config>router>isis# info ---------------------------------------------level-capability level-1 area-id 49.0051 interface "system" exit interface "E_C1" interface-type point-to-point exit interface "E_A1" exit -----------------------------------------------------------

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Objective

7. Change the other end of the link to point-to-point and note the packets that are exchanged as the adjacency forms.
*A:Core_Pod1>config>router>isis# info ---------------------------------------------area-id 49.0001 authentication-key "B8KjnQ7FUVsaiZJg8TjroibV7dti5iHF" hash2 authentication-type password interface "system" exit interface "C_E1" interface-type point-to-point exit interface "C1_C2" exit interface "C1_C3" exit interface "C1_C4" exit -----------------------------------------------------------

Verification
1. Verify that all the expected adjacencies are formed with authentication. 2. Verify that the expected routes are in the routing table. 3. Using ping, verify connectivity to the other edge routers from your edge router.

Questions
1. Approximately how many packets are required to establish the adjacency?

2. Draw a time/sequence diagram that shows the packets exchanged to establish an adjacency.

3. Which packets are being exchanged when authentication fails?

4. Which state are the routers stuck in if the authentication password does not match?

5. Which packets are being exchanged when the adjacency fails because the link types do not match?

6. Which state are the routers stuck in when the link types do not match?

7. Draw a time/sequence diagram that shows the packets exchanged to establish an adjacency on a point-to-point link.

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Exercise 6.3 Broadcast and VPLS


Configure VPLS connections between the routers in a given Pod and examine the Intermediate System election in a broadcast networks in ISIS.

Figure 6-2: Physical Connectivity

Figure 6-3: ISIS VPLS Connection Alcatel-Lucent Interior Routing Protocols Lab Guide v2.3

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Objective

Figure 6-4: ISIS VPLS Configuration

Exercise
8. In this exercise, students will work in two groups, one group will configure a VPLS on the upper pods, and the second group will do the same on the lower pods. The VPLS will be configured on the edge routers. The three routers participating in the service will be a core, access, and the opposite pod edge router. Use the same VPLS ID for all SAPs. Notice the change to the interface IP addresses on the access, core and opposite pod edge routers towards the VPLS on the edge router to be /29 from /30. Use the following commands to create the VPLS connection between the routers.
*A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/1 shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure router interface E1_C1 no port *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/1 ethernet mode access *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/1 no shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure service vpls 100 customer 1 create *A:Edge_Pod1>config>service>vpls$ sap 1/1/1 create *A:Edge_Pod1>config>service>vpls>sap$ exit all *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/2 shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure router interface E1_A1 no port *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/2 ethernet mode access *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/2 no shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure service vpls 100 customer 1 create *A:Edge_Pod1>config>service>vpls# sap 1/1/2 create A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/3 shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure router interface E1_E2 no port *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/3 ethernet mode access *A:Edge_Pod1# configure port 1/1/3 no shutdown *A:Edge_Pod1# configure service vpls 100 customer 1 create *A:Edge_Pod1>config>service>vpls# sap 1/1/3 create

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Verify the VPLS is operational.


*A:Core_Pod1# show service id 100 base =========================================================== Service Basic Information =========================================================== Service Id : 100 Vpn Id : Service Type : VPLS Customer Id : 1 Last Status Change: 05/03/2010 13:14:50 Last Mgmt Change : 05/03/2010 13:15:22 Admin State : Up Oper State : MTU : 1514 Def. Mesh VC Id : SAP Count : 3 SDP Bind Count : Snd Flush on Fail : Disabled Host Conn Verify : Propagate MacFlush: Disabled Def. Gateway IP : None Def. Gateway MAC : None

Up 100 0 Disabled

----------------------------------------------------------Service Access & Destination Points ----------------------------------------------------------Identifier Type AdmMTU OprMTU ----------------------------------------------------------sap:1/1/1 null 1514 1514 sap:1/1/2 null 1514 1514 sap:1/1/3 null 1514 1514

Adm Up Up Up

Opr Up Up Up

9. Configure the ISIS interfaces between the routers as broadcast.


*A:Core_Pod1>config>router>isis>area# interface C1_E1 *A:Core_Pod1>config>router>isis>area>if# interface-type broadcast *A:Core_Pod1>config>router>isis>area# interface A1_E1 *A:Core_Pod1>config>router>isis>area>if# interface-type broadcast *A:Core_Pod1>config>router>isis>area# interface E2_E1 *A:Core_Pod1>config>router>isis>area>if# interface-type broadcast

10. Determine which is the DIS

*A:Core_Pod1# show router isis interface detail

11. Check your routing table to verify that you have routes to all networks. 12. From the access router, ping the system interfaces of the other core routers to verify connectivity.

Verification
13. Verify your routing configuration by examining the ISIS tables on all routers. 14. Ensure that all networks propagate to peers just as they did in the previous lab. 15. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 16. Use the ISIS show commands to examine the databases for accuracy. 17. How many routes are in your routing table?

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Exercise 6.4 Configuring IS-IS for multiple areas


Optimize the IS-IS routing environment by creating areas for each pod.

Figure 6-5: IS-IS multiple area network

Exercise
1. Verify IS-IS operation in a single area. 2. Remove the current implementation of IS-IS. 3. Activate IS-IS in the correct area, as shown in Figure 6-5. Implement only the required level of IS-IS, based on the type of router you are configuring (L1, L2, or L1/L2).

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Objective

4. Ensure that each interface is only running the level of IS-IS required, and not both L1 and L2 unless it is specifically required to.

Verification
1. Verify your routing policies by examining the IS-IS tables on all routers. 2. Ensure that all networks propagate to peers just as they did prior to this lab. 3. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 4. Use the show router isis and show router route commands to verify the operation of IS-IS on your routers. 5. How many routes are in your routing table?

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*A:Core_Pod1>config>router>isis# info ---------------------------------------------area-id 49.0051 authentication-key "B8KjnQ7FUVsaiZJg8TjroibV7dti5iHF" hash2 authentication-type password interface "system" exit interface "C_E1" level-capability level-1 exit interface "C1_C2" level-capability level-2 exit interface "C1_C3" level-capability level-2 exit interface "C1_C4" level-capability level-2 exit ----------------------------------------------

Exercise 6.5 Implementing route summarization per area


Summarize the addresses being advertised from your pod as they are sent to the core routers in the other pods.

Exercise
1. Using the summary-address command, implement summarization on your core routers. 2. Ensure that this summary is only advertised using L2 updates, not L1 updates.
*A:Core_Pod3>config>router>isis# info ---------------------------------------------area-id 49.0002 summary-address 172.18.0.0/16 level-2 interface "system" exit interface "C3_C1" level-capability level-2 exit interface "C3_C2" exit interface "C3_C4" level-capability level-1 exit -----------------------------------------------------------

Verification
1. Verify your routing policies by examining the IS-IS tables on all routers. 2. Ensure that the summary networks propagate to the peer core routers. 3. Verify connectivity by issuing the traceroute and ping commands. 4. Use the IS-IS show commands to examine the databases for accuracy. 5. How many routes are in your core and edge routers? Why?

Questions
1. What is the default level that is set on a router?

2. Which level should a router that connects multiple areas be set to?

3. A router that connects to only those routers in its area should be set to which level? (L1, L2, or L1/L2)

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Objective

Notes

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Lab 7 Route Redistribution


Configure multiple routing protocols in the network and then create a redistribution policy, applying it to those protocols to ensure that all networks are learned by all routers.

Figure 7-1: Route redistribution

Exercise
As shown in Figure 7-1, you will create a separate OSPF area for each edge and access routers and a portion of the core router (ASBR). The core routers will be interconnected using IS-IS area ID 49.0000. When the core routers see both OSPF and IS-IS routes, you will create a policy to redistribute OSPF into IS-IS and IS-IS into OSPF. 1. Remove the IS-IS routing protocol from the edge and access routers.

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Objective

2. Configure the edge and access routers as OSPF routers. The area number is your pod number, and all interfaces will be in that area.
*A:Edge_Pod1> config>router>ospf#> info area 0.0.0.1 interface "system" exit interface "E1_C1" exit interface "loopback1" exit interface "loopback2" exit interface "E1_A1" exit exit

3. Remove the current IS-IS area from the core router and enter the new IS-IS area (49.0000). 4. Configure OSPF on the core router, using the same area number as the edge and access routers. 5. Remove the interface that connects the core to the edge from the IS-IS routing protocol and enter it into the OSPF routing protocol. 6. Ensure that the IS-IS routing process on the core router has an L1/L2 capability. To redistribute routes from another routing protocol, IS-IS must have an L2 capability. 7. On the core router, enter into the OSPF routing process and configure the core as an ASBR. As previously discussed, the ASBR is the only OSPF router that can connect to another routing protocol.
*A:Core_Pod1> config>router>ospf# asbr

This has prepared the network. 8. Examine the routing table of the core router and ensure that it has learned both OSPF and IS-IS routes. 9. Examine the status of the OSPF portion of the core router and ensure that it has been configured as an ASBR.

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10. Create a route policy on the core router that will take routing information from IS-IS to OSPF and allow OSPF to accept these routes and export them to the other OSPF routers. Then, create a route policy that will take routing information from OSPF to IS-IS and allow IS-IS to accept these routes and export them to the other IS-IS routers.
entry 10 from protocol isis exit to protocol ospf exit action accept exit exit entry 20 from protocol ospf exit to protocol isis exit action accept exit exit entry 30 from protocol direct exit action accept exit exit

11. Apply the policy under the routing protocols to make it effective. configure router ospf export configure router isis export <policy-name> <policy-name>

12. Examine the routing table of the edge or access router and you should see all the networks.
A:Edge_Pod1> show router route-table

Verification
1. On the core router, verify that there are routes from IS-IS and OSPF in the routing table. 2. On the edge router, verify that all routes are in the routing table. 3. From the edge router, ping the other edge routers to verify connectivity across the network.

Notes

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Appendix A Answers to Lab Questions

Questions
1. Which command is used to ensure all ports are active? The show port command identifies any and all ports and their operational statuses. 2. Which command can be used to determine the naming convention for the interfaces? The show router interface command states this information.

Exercise 2.3
Questions
1. Which command was used to configure a static route to your remote peer? The configure router static-route command accomplishes this task. 2. How can a floating static route become active? When the path of lower preference is removed from the routing table, the floating static route takes precedence. 3. What is the default preference value for a static route? The default preference value for static routes is 5.

Exercise 4.1
Questions
1. What is another term for area 0.0.0.0? The backbone area 2. Which command is used to confirm that OSPF is working correctly? The show router ospf command provides enough information to validate if OSPF is working on the router. 3. How is cost calculated on an interface by default? The default reference bandwidth is 100,000,000 kb/s divided by the bandwidth of the interface.

Exercise 4.2
Questions
1. Which of the two routers in your pod is the DR? 2. Which state are the routers in if the link type does not match? The router would be in the initializing state 3. How are the type 1 and type 2 LSAs labeled in the database? Router and network

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Exercise 1.2

Exercise 4.3
Questions

2. Which state are the routers in if the authentication password does not match? Initializing state

Exercise 5.1
Questions
1. What type of router connects more than one area together? An ABR connects more than one area together. 2. Which types of LSAs exist in a multi-area network that are not in a single area OSPF network? Type 3,4, 5 and 7

Exercise 5.2
Questions
1. Which type of router connects to non-OSPF routing domains? ASBR 2. Which type of LSAs exist in an OSPF network connected to other routing domains that are not in an OSPF-only network? Type 5

Exercise 5.3
Question
1. What changes occur when the network is converted to a stub area? A default route 0.0.0.0/0 will be added to the database, and no external routes are allowed into the area

Exercise 5.4
Questions
1. What changes occur when the stub area is configured with no summaries? No summary routes will be allowed to the area, instead the default route will be used 2. What is the effect on the rest of the network of implementing summarization on your ABR? Reduces the size of network routing tables and LSA traffic

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1. Which packets are being exchanged when authentication fails? Only hello packets will be exchanged, routers have to agree on the authentication before they can be neighbors

Exercise 5.5
Questions

2. What is the effect of the no summaries command on the NSSA? Type 3 LSA would not be allowed into the area

Exercise 5.6
Question
1. Why are there so many more LSAs in the router databases after the virtual link is implemented? Virtual link would allow the connection of new are into the backbone area, and therefore new LSAs will be added to the database

Exercise 6.1
Questions
1. IS-IS is what type of routing protocol? IS-IS is a link-state routing protocol. 2. What is the default cost for each link in an IS-IS network? The default cost for each network segment is 10. 3. What does area 49 denote in IS-IS? Area 49 denotes that a locally administered area addressing scheme is in use, not one allocated by a government authority. This is the most common implementation in IS-IS.

Exercise 6.2
Questions
1. Draw a time/sequence diagram that shows the packets exchanged to establish an adjacency. 2. Which packets are being exchanged when authentication fails? Hello packets 3. Which state are the routers stick in if the authentication password does not match? Down state 4. Which packets are being exchanged when the adjacency fails because the link types do not match? Hello packets, different hello packets are sent on broadcast and point to point links 5. Which state are the routers stuck in when the link types do not match? Down state

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1. What changes occur when the network is converted to an NSSA? The network would allow type 7 to be transmitted through it, and it will be converted to type 5 LSA at the ABR

6. Draw a time/sequence diagram that shows the packets exchanged to establish an adjacency on a point-to-point link.

Questions
1. What is the default level that is set on a router? The default level of a route is L1/L2. 2. Which level should a router that connects multiple areas be set to? A router that only connects between other areas should be set to L2. 3. A router that connects to only those routers in its area should be set to which level (L1, L2, or L1/L2? A router that connects to only routers in its own area should be configured as an L1 router.

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Exercise 6.4

Appendix B Lab Solutions

Verification commands
Use the commands in Table 8-1 for verification of the lab exercises. Use the subcommands for more detailed information. Other commands may also be used. Refer to your courseware for more information.

Command
Admin display-config show router route configure router# info show router isis show route ospf show router vrrp show router vrrp instance interface XXX show cflowd show filter trace ping

Results
Shows the router configuration Shows the routing table Provides information about the configuration of your router Provides information about the IS-IS process Provides information about the OSPF protocol attributes Shows the VRRP process Provides VRRP information about a specific interface Provides information about the cflowd operation Shows the status of the filter you created Traces the path being taken Sends ICMP echo packets

Table 8-1: Lab verification commands

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The configurations on the following pages are sample solutions for Pod 1. Other solutions are possible.

Exercise 1.2
Configure IP addressing and define the interfaces on your pods routers:
Core-Pod1>config>router# interface "system" Core-Pod1>config>router>if# address 172.16.1.1/32 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# exit Core-Pod1> config>router# interface "loopback" Core-Pod1> config>router>if$ address 172.16.1.2/32 Core-Pod1> config>router>if$ loopback Core-Pod1> config>router>if$ exit Core-Pod1>config>router# interface "C1-E1 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# address 172.16.2.1/30 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# port 1/1/1 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# no shutdown Core-Pod1>config>router>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router# interface "C1-C2 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# address 172.31.1.1/30 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# port 1/1/2 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# no shutdown Core-Pod1>config>router>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router# interface "C1-C3 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# address 172.31.2.1/30 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# port 1/1/3 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# no shutdown Core-Pod1>config>router>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router# interface "C1-C4 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# address 172.31.3.1/30 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# port 1/1/4 Core-Pod1>config>router>if# no shutdown Core-Pod1>config>router>if# exit

Exercise 2.1
Configure a default static route on the edge router:
Edge-Pod1# configure router static-route 0.0.0.0/0 next-hop 172.16.2.1

Exercise 2.3
Configure floating static routes and test them by shutting down the primary path. When completed, activate the primary path:
configure router static-route 172.19.1.1/32 next-hop 172.31.1.2 preference 200

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Exercise 3.1
Build a link state database for rtr1 that consist of the link state information from the other routers in order to perform SPF calculation for a given path. Rtr1 link state packet Rtr1 to rtr2 Rtr1 to rtr3 Rtr2 link state packet Rtr2 to rtr1 Rtr2 to rtr3 Rtr2 to rtr4 Rtr3link state packet Rtr3 to rtr1 Rtr3 to rtr2 Rtr3 to rtr5 Rtr4 link state packet Rtr4 to rtr2 Rtr4 to rtr5 Rtr5 link state packet Rtr5 to rtr4 Rtr5 to rtr3 80 20 5 80 20 20 20 10 20 5 10 20

Exercise 4.1
Configure OSPF on your pod routers: Configure OSPF
Edge-Pod1>config>router# ospf Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf$ area 0.0.0.0 Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area$ interface Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area$ interface Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# Core-Pod1>config>router# ospf Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf$ area 0.0.0.0 Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area$ interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface E1-C1 E1-A1 EL-1 EL-2 system

C-E C1-C2 C1-C3 C1-C4 CL-1

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Exercise 5.1
Change to an OSPF multiple-area topology, and implement summarization: Modify the core router
Core-Pod1>config>router# ospf Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 0.0.0.0 Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area$ interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 0.0.0.1 Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit "C1-C2" "C1-C3" "C1-C4" "system" "CL-1" "CL-2" "C1-E1"

Modify the edge router


Edge-Pod1>config>router# ospf Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 0.0.0.1 Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area$ interface Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit "E1-C1" "system" "EL-1" "EL-2"

Exercise 5.3
Configure your area as a stub and then an enhanced stub configuration:
Edge-Pod1# configure router ospf Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 0.0.0.1 Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# stub Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>stub# Core-Pod1# configure router ospf Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 0.0.0.1 Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# stub

Exercise 5.4
Configure your area as a stub with no summaries and with network summarization:
Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# stub no summaries

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Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface CL-2 Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$ exit Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface system Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if$

Summarize the areas


Core-Pod1# configure router ospf Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# 0.0.0.0 area-range 172.31.0.0/30 exit 0.0.0.1 area-range 172.16.0.0/16

Exercise 5.5
Change to an NSSA and subsequently to an enhanced NSSA configuration:
Edge-Pod1# configure router ospf Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 0.0.0.1 Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# nssa Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>nssa# Core-Pod1>config>router# ospf Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 0.0.0.1 Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# nssa Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# nssa no summaries Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# nssa originate-default-route

Exercise 5.6
Remove NSSA and configure a virtual link:
Core-Pod1>config>router# ospf Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 0.0.0.1 Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# no nssa Core-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# virtual-link 172.16.8.1 transit-area 0.0.0.1 Edge-Pod1# configure router ospf Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 0.0.0.1 Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# no nssa Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 1.1.1.1 Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface "EL-1" Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area# interface "EL-2" Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area>if# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf# area 0.0.0.0 Edge-Pod1>config>router>ospf>area$ virtual-link 172.16.1.1 transit-area 0.0.0.1

Exercise 6.1
Configure IS-IS for a single area:
Core-Pod1# configure router isis Core-Pod1>config>router>isis$ area-id 49.0051 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface C1-E1 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface C1-C2 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface C1-C3 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface C1-C4 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface CL-1 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface CL-2

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Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router# isis Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis$ area-id 49.0051 Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis$ interface E1-C1 Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis>if$ exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface EL-1 Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface EL-2 Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface system Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit

Exercise 6.2
Implement authentication for IS-IS updates:
Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# authentication-type message-digest Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# authentication-key Alcatel Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# authentication-type message-digest Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# authentication-key Alcatel

Exercise 6.3
Migrate to a multiple-area IS-IS configuration:
Core-Pod1>config>router# isis Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# shutdown Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# exit Core-Pod1>config>router# no isis Core-Pod1# configure router isis Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# area-id 40.0001 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface system Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface CL-1 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface CL-2 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface C-E Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# level-capability Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface C1-C2 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# level-capability Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface C1-C3 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# level-capability Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface C1-C4 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# level-capability Core-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Core-Pod1>config>router>isis#

level-1 level-2 level-2 level-2

Edge-Pod1>config>router# isis Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# shutdown Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router# no isis Edge-Pod1>config>router# isis Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis$ area-id 49.0001 Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis$ level-capability level-1 Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis$ interface E1-C1

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Exercise 6.4
Configure summary advertisements on the core router for your pod area:
Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# summary-address 172.16.0.0/16 level-2 Core-Pod1>config>router>isis# exit

http: / /www.alcatel-lucent.com

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Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis>if$ exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface EL-1 Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface EL-2 Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface system Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# exit Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis# interface E1-C1 Edge-Pod1>config>router>isis>if# level-capability level-1