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CHAPTER 6 : ELECTROCHEMISTRY VOLTAIC CELL

1. A cell that produces electrical energy when chemical reaction occur in it. 2. A cell with two different metals immersed in an electrolyte and connected by an external circuit. 3. The voltage of chemical cell depends on the distance between the two metals in the electrochemical series, where the further the distance between then, the greater the voltage produced by the cell.
Electric current produced is detected by the galvanometer (chemical energy electrical energy)

G
Negative terminal : More electropositive metal Metal atom will release electron that flow through the external circuit. Metal atom becomes metal ion (thinner)

Positive terminal : Less electropositive metal The electrons that flow from the external circuit are received by the positive ion in the electrolyte,

Daniell Cell
Example of voltaic cell where two types of metal used as electrode Each of the metals is immersed into the solution of its ions The two solution are connected through a salt bridge or porous pot.

Porous pot Salt bridge

Example 1 :

Zinc

Copper Copper (II) nitrate solution Salt bridge

Zinc nitrate solution

Negative terminal Reasons

Half equation

Observation Positive terminal Reasons

Ions present in electrolyte Ions move to positive terminal Ion selected discharged Half equation observation

Example 2 :

Iron Iron (II) nitrate solution

Magnesium Magnesium nitrate solution Salt bridge

Negative terminal Reasons

Half equation

Observation Positive terminal Reasons

Ions present in electrolyte Ions move to positive terminal Ion selected discharged Half equation observation

Example 3 :

Aluminium Aluminium nitrate solution

Siver Silver (II) nitrate solution Salt bridge

Negative terminal Reasons

Half equation

Observation Positive terminal Reasons

Ions present in electrolyte Ions move to positive terminal Ion selected discharged Half equation observation