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CHAPTER 4

SCHOLASTIC TRIUMPHS AT ATENEO DE MANILA (1872-1877)

JOSE ENTERS THE ATENEO

JOSE ENTERS THE ATENEO


June 10, 1872 Jose, accompanied by Paciano, went to Manila He took the entrance examinations on Christian doctrine, arithmetic, and reading at the College of San Juan de Letran.

JOSE ENTERS THE ATENEO


Father Magin Ferrando college reigstra at Ateneo Municipal refused to admit Jose for two reasons: 1. He was late for registration 2. He was sickly and undersized for his age Manuel Xeres Burgos Nephew of Father Burgos Upon the intercession with him, Jose was reluctantly admitted at the Ateneo

JOSE ENTERS THE ATENEO

Mercado had come under the suspicion of the Spanish authorities. Paciano had used Mercado as his surname at the College of San Jose and he was known as authorities as Father Burgos favorite student and confidant.

JOSE ENTERS THE ATENEO


Intramuros where Ateneo is located Carballo street where Joses boarding house is located the boarding house was owned by a spinster named Titay who owned the Rizal family the amount of P300

JESUIT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION

JESUIT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION


The system of education given by the Jesuits in the Ateneo was more advanced than that of colleges in that period. It trained the character of the student by rigid discipline and religious instruction. Mass in the morning before the beginning of daily classes

JESUIT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION


Classes in every subject were opened and closed with prayers Students were divided into groups namely: * Roman Empire consisting of the internos (boarders) * Carthaginian Empire composed of the externos (non-boarders)

JESUIT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION


Ranks: Empire Tribune Decurion Centurion Standard Bearer

Best Student Second Best Third Best Fourth Best Fifth Best

(MAY KULANG PA DITO)

SUMMER VACATION
1873

SUMMER VACATION

Rizal returned to calamba again fro summer vacation but he did not particularly enjoy his vacation because his mother was in prison.

SECOND YEAR IN ATENEO


Nothing unusual happened to rizal during this semester except that he repented having neglected his studies the previous year simply because he was offended by the teachers remarks.

SECOND YEAR IN ATENEO


His Favorite Books:
1. Count of Monte Cristo (Alexander Dumas) characterized by Edmond Dantes (the hero) in prison, is spectacular escape from the dungeon of Chateau d If, the finding of buried treasure on the rocky island of Monte Cristo, and his dramatic revenge on his enemies who had wronged him;

SECOND YEAR IN ATENEO


His Favorite Books:
2. Travels in the Philippines (Dr. Feodor Jagor) a German scientist-traveler who visited the Philippines in 1859-1860. What struck him most in this book were Jagors keen oberservations of the defects of Spanish colonization and his prophecy that someday Spain would lose the Philippines and that America would come to succeed her as colonizer;

SECOND YEAR IN ATENEO


His Favorite Books:
3. Universal History (Cesar Cantu) a nonfiction historical work. He was able to acquire an expensive set of this book by convincing his father that this book would be of great aid in his studies and enabled him to win more pr