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SIX STROKE ENGINE

ABHAY YADAV ME-10 104001

What is Engine?
An engine or motor is a machine designed to convert energy into useful mechanical motion. Heat engines, including internal combustion engines and external combustion engines (such as steam engines) burn a fuel to create heat which is then used to create motion. Electric motors convert electrical energy into mechanical motion, pneumatic motors use compressed air and others, such as wind-up toys use elastic energy. In biological systems, molecular motors like myosins in muscles use chemical energy to create motion.

Introduction
A six stroke engine derived its name from the fact that it is a mixture of two and four stroke engine. This engine is a radical hybridization of two and four stroke engine that the top portion of two stroke engine and the bottom rather the middle section of a four stroke engine.

Principles of Two Stroke


Two stroke engines got its name from the fact that the required strokes are completed in one revolution. In short there is one power stroke in one revolution.

Principles of Four Stroke


In the case of four stroke engines, the four strokes are completed in two revolutions. There is a single power stroke in two revolutions.

Concept of Six Stroke


This technology is also known as Beare Technology. This engine got its name due to its construction. This engine is a radical hybridization of two and four stroke engines. These types of engines have many advantages compared to OHC four stroke engines.

Construction
The drawbacks of poppet valves in conventional engines is overcome by means of a rotary valve application to four-stroke engine. To replace the camshaft and valves, Beare has retained the cam drive belt and fitted an ultra short-stroke upper crankshaft complete with piston, which the belt drives at half engine speed just as it previously drove the cam.

Construction
It consist the basic components of a rotary disc induction two-stroke engine. It is grafted on to a fourstroke, to produce the best of both worlds.

WORKING
1. Intake valve 2. Heating chamber valve 3. Combustion chamber valve 4. Exhaust valve 5. Cylinder 6. Combustion chamber 7. Air heating chamber 8. Wall of combustion chamber 9. Fuel injector 10. Heater plug

st 1

- Stroke, Suction Stroke

The intake valve (1) is open. Intake of pure air in the cylinder (5).

(1)
(5)

2nd Stroke, Compression Stroke


The heating chamber valve(2) is open. Compression of pure air in the heating chamber(7).

(7)

(2)

3rd - Stroke, power(work) Stroke


The Combustion chamber valve(3) is open. Release of combustion gases in the cylinder (5).

(3) (5)

th 4

Stroke, Exhaust Stroke

The exhaust valve (4) is open. Exhaust of the combustion gases.

(4)

th 5

- Stroke, power(work) Stroke

The heating chamber valve (2) is open. Release of hot pure air into the cylinder (5).

(2) (5)

6th Stroke, Recompression Stroke


The Combustion chamber valve(3) is open. Recompression of the pure air in the combustion chamber.

(3)

Thermodynamic Advantages

The Six stroke is thermodynamically more efficient because the change in volume of the power stroke is greater than the intake, compression, & exhaust strokes.

Construction Issues
The mass of the reciprocating parts in the head is about the same as a 4 stroke. The piston speed of the upper piston is about a quarter of the main piston; therefore its service life should be at least twice that of the main piston. Per single cylinder the number of parts in the Beare design head is fifteen compared to a single overhead cam 4 stroke of approx. 40 to 50 parts.

Torque-Angle diagram

Theres improved torque at lower revs, which will surely help in the stop-and-go nature of congested Indian traffic. The six-stroke version produced the same torque as the four-stroke conventional motor 1000rpm lower down the rev scale, as well as making exponentially more torque as revs rose.

ADVANTAGES

i.

Reduction in fuel consumption by at least 40%. ii. Thermal efficiency reaching 50% . iii. Two expansions (work) in six strokes.

IV. Dramatic reduction in pollution up to 60% to 90% depend upon types of fuel and also reduce a noise pollution. V. Cooling system is not required so reduce engine weight. VI. The engine can run on a variety of fuels, ranging from diesel to LPG or animal grease. VII.Cost comparable to those of a four-stroke engine.

Comparison Of Six Stroke Engine With Four Stroke Engine

Conclusion
The industry trend away from cheaper twostroke power in favor of costlier but cleaner fourstroke engines in both Europe, Japan and South East Asia makes a concept like the Beare sixstroke, which offers the best of both worlds, project a strong case towards volume manufacture. 150cc six-stroke Taiwanese single-cylinder bike from Yingang is ready to roll.