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Womens Movement

Andrea Oh Kinsey McBeath Chelsea Shi Rukmini Cheeti

Question and Thesis

Question: How did the Womens Movement impact America economically, politically, and socially? Thesis: Women exploited their newfound rights and tried to make a difference in America, particularly improving the womens sphere.

Background Information
National Women Suffrage Association (NWSA)
Led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony A radical womans suffrage group Accepted only women Opposed 15th Amendment

Began a tentative critique of American Society

Stanton and Anthony argued the set up of marriage

The American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA)

Led by Julia Ward Howe and Lucy Stone Moderate Men could join Believed the 15th Amendment was a step toward gender equality

Seneca Falls Convention

Met in Seneca Falls, NY (July 19-July 20, 1848) Organized by Quakers Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton First public gathering in the US to address womens rights Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments
Modeled on the Declaration of Independence

About 240 people present including Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass Encouraged annual womens rights meetings Many women supported abolition
15th amendment led the womens movement to separate from the abolition movement

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1869: Womens Rights Movement members split into two factions

American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA)

Fighting occurred from opinions over 15th amendment November 5, 1872: Susan B. Anthony arrested
Attempted to vote

July 17, 1873: United States of America vs. Susan B. Anthony

14th amendment

1890: AWSA and NWSA becomes National American Women Suffrage Association

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1911: National Association Opposed to Women Suffrage formed 1914: National Womans Party and National Federation of Womens Clubs 1918: House of Representatives approves of 19th amendment August 26, 1920: Amendment ratified
NAWSA became League of Women Voters

19th Amendment: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.

Flapper Movement
Change in behavior of Women because of new freedoms Exploiting their new rights and finding new ways of expression
Smoked Drank hard liquor Voted Went to petting parties Stayed out late Drove Listened to jazz music Casual sex Shored bobbed hair cuts Wore make-up Shorter skirt hems
Designers: Coco Chanel and Paul Poiret

Flapper Movement
F. Scott Fitzgerald deemed flapper king
His wife Zelda and himself were considered the flapper couple Helped define flappers with literature
This side of paradise Bernice Bobs Her Hair Flappers and Philosophers

Posted in the Saturday Evening Post

Inspired many soon to be young flapper girls Youthful freedom and vitality gave girls new hopes and dreams

Anti-Traditional American Values

Looked down on society Flappers were thought of women that wanted to be men

Changing Role of Women


Before Change
Women would never work outside of their home

After Change
Women began working in factories Women were willing to work for low wages Many believed their determination to make money could lead to prostitution

Year 1900 1910 1920

% of labor % female force population population Number1 aged 16 and aged (thousands) over1 16 and over1 5,319 7,445 8,637 18.8 % 21.5 21.4 18.3 % 19.9 20.4

1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 19902 1993 19943 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

12,845 18,389 23,240 31,543 45,487 56,829 58,795 60,239 60,944 61,857 63,036 63,714 64,855

25.4 33.9 37.7 43.3 51.5 57.5 57.9 58.8 58.9 59.3 59.8 59.8 60.0

24.3 29.6 33.4 38.1 42.5 45.2 45.5 46.0 46.1 46.2 46.2 46.3 46.5

Changing Role of Women


Before Change
Women were not educated in schools They were only taught how to do household chores

After Change
Women were educated in schools that men were going to Some thought the difficult classes would cause extra stress, which could impact the womens ability to reproduce

Changing Role of Women


Before Change
Women were supposed to submit to authority (father, husband, etc.) Piety, purity, submission, domesticity Her eye of light is the diamond bright, Her innocence the pearl. And these are ever the bridal gems Worn by the American girl.

After Change
Women were against submitting to men Had new perspectives of marriage

Changing Role of Women

Women had Victorian styles of clothing

Before Change

After Change
There was the flapper movement, which changed styles of clothing Women behaved more freely in public than before

Womens behavior was quiet and respectful

Effects on America
Woman suffrage

Increased female labor force Increased sales of cigarettes and hard liquor Increased sales of literature


Key Leaders of the Womens Rights Movement

Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) Julia Ward Howe Lucy Stone (1815-1903) Frederick Douglass Victoria Claflin Woodhull (1838-1927) Lucretia Mott (1793-1880)

Changed from societys standard of women

Womens Movement
Gave equal liberties to females 19th Amendment- giving women the right to vote Different organizations were formed

Role of women
Given more opportunities
More economic and political power

Works Cited
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Do you know these flappers?

Darina Edalina Littlea, Stephanie Prescotta and friends