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A number a/b is a rational number if a and b are integers and b is not equal to Zero.

b cannot be equal to Zero because division by zero is not defined i.e. a,b I and b is not equal to 0 .

Standard form of Rational Number


1. The numerator and Denominator are co-prime i.e

they have no common factor other than 1.


The denominator of a rational number should be

positive.

PROPERTY OF RATIONAL NUMBERS. ADDITION OF RATIONAL


NUMBERS.
Hence when a rational number is

added to a rational number, we will always get a rational number as the answer. This property is called closure property of addition of rational numbers. When any two rational numbers are added, the order Does not matter. This property is known as commutative property of addition.

1.Subtraction is the process of adding the additive inverse. 2.Subtraction is addition of the opposite (Or additive inverse). 3.Similarly, subtraction in rational numbers also is addition of the additive inverse or the opposite.

When two rational numbers are multiplied the order does not matter, 2. In the multiplication of more than two rational numbers, the grouping does not matter.
1.

Multiplication identity.
If a rational number, say , 5/6 is multiplied by 1 , we get

5/6 itself. Take any other rational number and multiply by one and we will always get the same rational number as answer. So 1 is called the multiplicative identity in rational Numbers.

Division of rational numbers.


In the case of rational numbers also, division is exactly

the multiplication by the multiplication by the multiplicative inverse of the divisor. Try division with any pair of rational numbers , Quotient will always be a rational number.

1. CLOSURE PROPERTY 2. COMMUTATIVE PROPERTY 3. ASSOCIATIVE PROPERTY

Submitted to:Seema Mam

Submitted by :Manav Ahuja