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INTRODUCTION TO CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR

CONTENTS
Introduction (Reciprocating vs. Centrifugal) Theory of operation Main parts Classifications

Introduction
Reciprocating Compressor

Centrifugal Compressor

High Efficiency
High Vibration

Less Efficiency Less Vibration

MAIN PARTS

Main
Impeller

Casing
Casing

Shaft
Shaft Bearing

Diffuser
Crossover

Return Channel
Diaphragm

Inlet Connections

Balance Piston Seals

MAIN PARTS Impeller Types

Open Impeller

Semi-open Impeller

Closed Impeller

MAIN PARTS Impeller with Inducer

Reduced inlet Mach Number and ability to increase speed and hence output head

COMPRESOR CLASSIFICATIONS
A. According to Casing Split Method
1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. Horizontal Split Vertical Split Barrel Design Straight In/Out with Inter-Cooler Back-to-Back Double Flow Side Stream Overhung Beam Type (Between Bearing) Integrally Geared

B. According to Impellers Arrangement

C. According to Bearing Configuration

A- Casing Split Method

Vertically Split Good Seal Difficult Maintenance

Horizontally Split Bad Seal Easy Maintenance

A- Casing Split Method

Vertically Split Good Seal Difficult Maintenance

Horizontally Split Bad Seal Easy Maintenance

Barrel Type Compressor

B- Impellers Arrangement 1- Straight Arrangement

B- Impellers Arrangement 2- In/out with Intercooler

B- Impellers Arrangement 3- Back-to-Back

B- Impellers Arrangement 4- Double Flow

B- Impellers Arrangement 5- Side-Stream

C- Bearing Configuration

Overhung Low cost Sensitive to unbalance

Beam (Between Bearing) More expensive More rigid

Integrally Geared

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