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Intranet is the generic term for a collection of private computer networks within an organization.

An intranet is a private network that is contained within an enterprise.

An intranet uses network technologies as a tool to facilitate communication between people or workgroups to improve the data sharing capability and overall knowledge base of an organization's employees. Intranets utilize standard network hardware and software technologies like Ethernet, WiFi, TCP/IP, Web browsers and Web servers.

The main purpose of an intranet is to share company information and computing resources among employees. A simple intranet consists of an internal email system and perhaps a message board service. More sophisticated intranets include Web sites and databases containing company news, forms, and personnel information. Besides email and groupware applications, an intranet generally incorporates internal Web sites, documents, and/or databases.

An Intranet is a Private system that uses Hardware & Software developed for the Internet to provide Communication, Information Management & Information publishing services within an Organization.

Uses of Intranet
Intranets are used to deliver tools and applications.
Intranets are also used as corporate culturechange platforms. Workforce productivity


Disadvantages of Intranet

Security issues Overload of information

Difference between Internet and Intranet

Internet Intranet

Internet is network of Computers which is open for all. Internet itself contains a large number of intranets. Unlimited number of users. Visitors traffic is unlimited. Contains unlimited source of information. Collection of various LANs, WANs and MANs.

Intranet is network of Computers designed for a specific group of users.

Intranet can be accessed from Internet but with restrictions. Limited number of Users. Limited visitors traffic. Contains only group information. specific purpose

An extranet is a private network that uses Internet technology and the public telecommunication system to securely share part of a business's information or operations with suppliers, vendors, partners, customers, or other businesses. An extranet can be viewed as part of a company's intranet that is extended to users outside the company.

It has also been described as a "state of mind" in which the Internet is perceived as a way to do business with other companies as well as to sell products to customers. An extranet requires security and privacy. These can include firewall

An extranet is a computer network that allows controlled access from the outside for specific business or educational purposes. Extranets are extensions to, or segments of, private intranet networks that have been built in many corporations for information sharing and ecommerce.

Uses of Extranet to companies

Exchange large volumes of data using Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Share product catalogs exclusively with wholesalers or those "in the trade Collaborate with development efforts other companies on joint

Uses of Extranet to companies

Jointly develop and use training programs with other companies Provide or access services provided by one company to a group of other companies, such as an online banking application managed by one company on behalf of affiliated banks Share news of common interest exclusively with partner companies

Disadvantages of Extranet

Extranets can be costly to apply and maintain.

protection of extranets when dealing with precious information.

Extranets decrease personal face-to-face contact with clients and business partners.

In 1982 the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) was standardized and the concept of a world-wide network of fully interconnected TCP/IP networks called the Internet was introduced. TCP and IP were developed by a Department of Defense (DOD) research project to connect a number different networks designed by different vendors into a network of networks (the "Internet"). The IP component provides routing from the department to the enterprise network, then to regional networks, and finally to the global Internet.

As with all other communications protocol, TCP/IP is composed of layers: IP - is responsible for moving packet of data from node to node. IP forwards each packet based on a four byte destination address (the IP number). The Internet authorities assign ranges of numbers to different organizations. The organizations assign groups of their numbers to departments. IP operates on gateway machines that move data from department to organization to region and then around the world.

TCP - is responsible for verifying the correct delivery of data from client to server. Data can be lost in the intermediate network. TCP adds support to detect errors or lost data and to trigger retransmission until the data is correctly and completely received. Sockets - is a name given to the package of subroutines that provide access to TCP/IP on most systems.

Uses of TCP/IP
It was initially successful because it delivered a few basic services that everyone needs (file transfer, electronic mail, remote logon) across a very large number of client and server systems. Several computers in a small department can use TCP/IP (along with other protocols) on a single LAN. TCP/IP to be robust and automatically recover from any node or phone line failure. This design allows the construction of very large networks with less central management. However, because of the automatic recovery, network problems can go undiagnosed and uncorrected for long periods of time.

Uses of TCP/IP
The Internet Protocol was developed to create a Network of Networks (the "Internet").
TCP/IP data can be sent across a LAN, or it can be carried within an internal corporate SNA network, or it can piggyback on the cable TV service.

TCP/IP reference model

Application layer Transport layer
Internet layer Network access layer