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guiding, directing, or influencing ruling, governing to influence or induce to guide in direction, course, action,

What is Leadership?

Leaders can help groups set goals,

envision the possibilities, and make commitments

Leaders can have a positive influence on

the lives and behaviours of others

Leaders are not necessarily people who

do great things, but rather people who inspire others to do great things


The process of
influencing employees to work toward achieving organizational goals.

Leadership VS Management

Direct or control operation or performance Are concerned with logistics

Set the overall vision and inspire Influence interpersonal relationships and motivation May show management ability


A manager takes care of where you are; a leader takes you to a new place.
James Colvard, Managers Vs. Leaders


Leadership Theories Trait Theory of Leadership Great leaders are born, not made Integrity, honesty, humility, courage, commitment, sincerity, passion, confidence, positivity, wisdom, determination, compassion, sensitivity

Leadership Theories
Trait Theory of Leadership Personality traits of leaders Drive and ambition Desire to lead and influence Honesty and integrity Self-confidence Intelligence In-depth technical knowledge

Leadership Theories Behaviour Theory of Leadership Behavioural Studies focused on investigating other characteristics than their innate traits or qualities Two distinct leadership dimensions Task oriented
Emphasis on achieving performance goals

Relationship oriented
Emphasis on interpersonal relationships

Leadership Theories

Leadership Theories Comprehensive Theory of Leadership Leadership success is a function of the leaders behaviour, the group members characteristics, and situational factors A leader needs to be sensitive to the characters of each group member

Leadership Theories
Comprehensive Theory of Leadership

A task-oriented leader will bring out the best in group members who;
Have low affiliation needs Have a high need to achieve goals Accept authority Like careful, detailed planning Prefer material rewards

A relationship-oriented leader will bring out the best in group members who;
Seek opportunities to socialize Have low achievement needs Are independent thinkers Tolerate ambiguity Prefer intrinsic rewards

Situational Theory of Leadership Leadership styles range from highly

autocratic (directive) through democratic (participative) to highly laissez-fair The most effective leadership depends on the followers ability and motivation
Leader makes decision and announces it Leader makes decision and sells it Leader presents decision and invites feedback Leader makes tentative decision, subject to input from group Leader presents problem, welcomes suggestions, makes decisions Leader defines limits and asks group to make decision Leader permits group to function independently within set limits


Leadership Style

The combination
of traits, skills, and behaviors managers use to interact with employees

Leadership Style

Leadership Style 1. The Technocrat

Strong sense of bottom line My way or the Highway Focuses on logic, not emotion. Intense, Detail-oriented no compromise.

Leadership Style 2. The Artist

Leads by imagination and intuition big picture Unpredictable, creative, lead by emotion. Invites sharing of ideas

Leadership Style 3. The Craftsman

Leads by common sense and integrity. Well-balanced, excellent listener has it all together Good decision-maker, logical Everyones a winner idea.

Leadership Style 4. The Authoritarian

Gives both praise and criticism. Determines policy Gives orders. Makes most, if not all decisions

Leadership Style 5. Laissez-faire

Allows group to self direct. Supplies information when asked Permits group freedom to make decisions.

Leadership Style 6. Democratic

Praises and criticizes Encourages discussion. Involves members of the group in decision-making Makes suggestions not decisions


the best leadership style is a

combination of the Artist and the Craftsman.

To be an effective leader, you must

understand the different ways people think and learn.


Leadership Type

The charismatic leader : who gains

prominence by strength of personality The traditional leader: Position assured by birth. Kings, queens and chieftains, first sons or children of the firms founder. The situational leader: effective by being at the right place at the right time.

Leadership Type

The appointed leader :whose power

arises directly out of position. The functional leader :whose influence arises from what he /she does. The principle-centered leader : whose power is evidenced with regard to equity justice and integrity.

Leadership and Management A dynamic process whereby one individual in a group is not only responsible for the groups results but actively seeks the collaboration and commitment of all the group members in achieving group goals in a particular context and in a particular national culture.