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Presentation Outline
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Introduction Purpose of a lesson plan Four Major Elements of a lesson plan Six common mistakes in writing lesson

plans
Lesson plan the easy way Characteristics of a good lesson plan

Course Outline
7. 9. 8. 9. Advantages of lesson plan How to plan Measurement, Assessment & Evaluation in Education Practice lesson planning (Hall display)

8. Writing lesson plans

OBJECTIVES OF THE DAY


Objectives:

By the end of the session the participants will be able to: Explain the process of lesson planning Prepare a lesson plan as per the text book. Demonstrate their understanding of the skills enhanced through the use of the lesson plans.

objectives
Learn a skill that will help to define you as a teacher. Understand the concept of thinking of a lesson plan as a way of communicating Help new or inexperienced teachers organize content, materials, and methods. An objective is a description of what a student does that forms the basis for making an inference about learning.

Purpose of a lesson plan:


To
structure the lesson organize its contents/materials determine method of its delivery assess students learning evaluate its application/effectiveness

FOUR MAJOR ELEMENTS


Educational Objectives Content and Appropriate Teaching Activities Preparation of all the Material Monitoring & Assessing Learning

: Six Common Mistakes In Writing Lesson Plans


(AND WHAT TO DO ABOUT THEM)

Tutors input: Six common mistakes in LPs

1. Poorly written objectives lead to faulty inferences. 2. The lesson assessment is not connected with the behavior indicated in the objective. 3. Prerequisites are not specified or are inconsistent with the lesson requirements. 4. The materials specified in the lesson are irrelevant to those described learning activities. 5. Teachers instructions are inefficient 6. Students activities do not contribute effectively to the lesson objective

Lesson Plan the Easy Way


The clearer the structure of a lesson and the more precise the directions on what is to be accomplished, the higher the achievement rate.

FIVE LEVELS OF PLANNING


1. Daily planning (Teacher) 2. Weekly planning (Teachers-individually as well as in groups) 3. Unit planning (Teachers Group /Co ordination) 4. Term planning 5. Yearly planning

Lesson Plan The Easy Way


Characteristics A Good Lesson Plan is a. based upon previous knowledge. b. caters to the age level of students. c. uses motivational techniques d. includes necessary materials e. is student centered, flexible, complete, interesting & activity based f. has proportionate time allocation g. includes evaluation process h. includes all the essential elements of a lesson plan

Lesson Plan The Easy Way


Advantages of lesson plan

makes the work regular & organized it induces confidence. it saves time promotes learning. it makes conscious for the achievement of objectives. improves results

Lesson Plan The Easy Way


Writing Lesson Plans The writing of lesson plan has three important Functions:

identifies what you expect the students to be able to do by the end of the lesson defines what you intend to do to make that possible keeps you focused on target. acts as a record of what the class has done.

Lesson Plan The Easy Way


WRITING LESSON PLANS Components of a lesson plan: Topic Resources Objectives Methodology Activity Homework

EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES
.are the learning outcomes of a lesson i.e. what the students should be able to know or do at the end of the lesson that they could not do at the beginning!

EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES
Specify the new skills that the students will gain as a result of the lesson Focus on students (not teachers) attainment Determine the degree or criterion for satisfactory attainment of the objectives.

EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES
Setting Objectives What will the learner be able to: Know (conceptcognitive) Do (skill psychomotor) Feel (behavior, attitude, appreciation or ideasaffective) Each defined objective is matched with: Teaching Method Learning Activities Type of Assessment Note: Relevance is the essential quality of the educational objectives

Activity # 2 :EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES Objectives should be SMART: Specific Measurable Attainable Realistic Time bound
Write SMART Objectives for: English & Urdu: Comprehension Creative writing Grammar Literature summary , RTC. Mathematics Science Social studies Library

ROLE OF LEARNING MATERIALS


Defines Instructional Objectives Sets Tasks to Attain Objectives Informs Learners of Tasks they have to Perform Provides Guidance and Practice Provides Feedback on Retention of acquired Skills Makes the teaching effective. Supplies concrete basis for conceptual thinking. Makes learning permanent

Teaching Materials / Resources

A. COURSE BOOKS B. SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS: 1. Teachers book 2. Work book

C. SUPPORTING MATERIAL:

1. Audio Materials 2. Visual materials 3. Audio-visual materials. 4. Multi media

Audio Visual Aids Supporting Materials

TEACHERS PUPILS

ENVIRONMENT

MANUFACTURED VISUAL AIDS

B/W BOARDS CARDS

PICTURES

FLASH

REALIA *

PICTURE FLASH CARDS

WORD ADAPTABLE FLASH CARDS FLASH CARDS

MODERN CLASS ROOM


(MULTI-MEDIA)

POSTERS

COMPUTERS OPAQUE PROJECTORS

CHARTS
LEARNER

OVERHEAD PROJECTORS TAPE RECORDERS

TELEVISION AND VIDEOS OTHER VISUAL MATERIALS

WRITING LESSON PLANS


Methodology - Specify Timings of each of these steps: (40/80 minutes) Settling time Introduction Previous Knowledge Presentation Brainstorming / Discussion / teachers Input Practice (Students output) CW. Oral / Written Home Work Assessment Test / worksheets

METHOD
Any teaching Item has three stages

Presentation Practice

Production

Method Presentation of the Items involves Preparing class making sure the concept is absolutely clear to student giving the model example of the item Practice the Teaching Item involves: repetition/ drilling Dialogue / discussion Worksheets

METHODS
Production of the Teaching items: Involves: Role play Games / dialogue etc Practicing the item Assessment

WRITING LESSON PLANS


Activities: Daily Life application of the concept Type & nature of activities: individual / group work reading project / art work / model making role play presentations charts / maps practical work etc.

ROLE OF ACTIVITIES
source of motivation making learning interesting decrease the anxiety of learner concrete base for abstract learning develop confidence (individually, group work) develop creativity flexible and friendly environment provides students an approach towards learning capture the attention and involve the students in learning situation

Activity
Explain the following components of lesson plans Group Work: I. Content II. Prerequisites III. Instructional Objective IV. Instructional Procedures V . Materials and Equipment VI. Assessment/Evaluation VII. Follow-up Activities VIII. Self-Assessment

TUTORS INPUT
I. Content: This is a statement that relates to the subject-matter content. The content may be a concept or a skill. Phrase this as follows: I want my students to: (be able to [name the skill) OR (I want my students to understand a description of the concept).

TUTORS INPUT
II. Prerequisites: Indicate what the student must already know or be able to do in order to be successful with this lesson.

TUTORS INPUT
III. Instructional Objective: Indicate what is to be learned this must be a complete objective. Write this objective in terms of what an individual student will do, not what a group will do.

TUTORS INPUT
IV. Instructional Procedures: Description of what you will do in teaching the lesson, and, as appropriate, includes a description of how you will introduce the lesson to the students, what actual instructional techniques you will use, and how you will bring closure to the lesson. Include what specific things students will actually do during the lesson. In most cases, you will provide some sort of summary for the students.

TUTORS INPUT
V. Materials and Equipment: List all materials and equipment to be used by

both the teacher and learner and how they will be used. VI. Assessment/Evaluation: Describe how you will determine the extent to which students have attained the instructional objective. Be sure this part is directly connected to the behavior called for in the instructional objective.

TUTORS INPUT
VII. Follow-up Activities:

Indicate how other activities/materials will be used to reinforce and extend this lesson. Include homework, assignments, and projects.

TUTORS INPUT
VIII. Self-Assessment
(to be completed after the lesson is presented):

Address the major components of the lesson plan, focusing on both the strengths, and areas of needed improvement. Determine here how you plan to collect information that will be useful for planning future lessons. A good idea is to analyze the difference between what you wanted (the objective) and what was attained (the results of the assessment).

Activity

Complete the Educational Circle 05 minutes

Complete the educational circle

TUTORS INPUT:
THE EDUCATIONAL CIRCLE

Activity
Instructions: Topic: Preparing Lesson Planning (Maths, Science, Urdu, Social studies, English) Duration of activity: 30 minutes Materials required: Flip charts, chart paper, markers 1. Tell the participants that they will prepare lesson plans based upon what they have so far learned. 2. Divide the participants into groups. Every group will work on preparing lesson plans. 3. Allocate topics from the textbooks for each subject.

Instructions
4. Allow the participants to prepare lesson plans as per their topics. 5. Each group presents their lesson. 6. Once the groups have made their presentations exchange the lesson plans between groups for analysis, comments and revision if required. 7. Invite groups to share their analysis and comments. 8. Repeat the above steps for each subject.

Aim: Before Planning a Lesson


Questions you need to ask are: What are the inputs? What is the output? What do I expect the student to be able to do by the end of the time available? What will I do in order to make that possible? How will I break up the time into main stages? What will be the main stages be linked? What materials/aids will I need to achieve these aims?

Activity
Process

Input

Process

Output

Activity Devise a 40/80 minute lesson based on the method PPP dont forget to set the objective The following headings may assist you:
Components of a lesson plan
Topic Objective Resource Methodology Activities Homework Assessment Evaluation (Self analysis PPIR an MCF)

Activity: Preparing a lesson plan

Gallery Display Feedback and discussion on lessons prepared

MEASUREMENT ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION IN EDUCATION

Who is going to Assess Me?

Weekly Evaluation
Intrinsic feed back (self analysis) based on How do I plan a lesson? How do I follow a curriculum? How can I become an excellent classroom manager? How do I make the best use of the text book and other audio-visual aids? What do I do when things go wrong? How do I know if my lesson is successful? What is the evidence? under planned / over planned, realistic targets % of student achievement?

Self Evaluation
Through Students output Intrinsic feedback (self analysis) Extrinsic feedback ( head /seniors) Informal ( parents) STUDENTS EVALUATION MUST BE BASED ON

Student Evaluation : Blooms Taxonomy Six levels of Cognitive Domain

Evaluation

Synthesis
Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge

A Focus on Higher level thinking skills

Writing an Objective based Assessment


Whenever a teacher guides instruction toward a specific learning objective, it is safe to assume that there will be, at some appropriate point, an appraisal made to determine whether the students have met or achieved the intent of the objective

RULE OF THUMB
Be sure to provide students with the opportunity to practice what you will be assessing them on.

I cannot change the direction of the wind, I can adjust my wings to sail in its direction but .

Touching Education

Thank You

Daily Lesson Plan


Date/Day: 15th Jan 07-Mon Class/Sec: VI -Red Period: 1st - 2nd (80 min) Subject :Eng-LangTopic :Comprehension Objective: St.will be able to fully understand / comprehend the passage and be able to Ans.Q correctly.
Resources : Und.& Comm. Bk 1---Thirsty World pg-83,map of the world Methodology : (2 min ) settling down / announcing of the days work. (2 min ) Model reading .

(30 min) St. read.+pronun.+meanings+understanding key words


(5 min ) Ex. A 1 pg.84 meaning in context (On the Books)

HW Pg. 84Ex B No.1,2,3 & 4

(10 min) B Choose the best ans. (5 min) Read Q, & underline key words

(20 min) Pg. 85 ans. 3 any important Q.(Q. will not written in the copies )

Daily Lesson Plan


Date/Day : 17th Jan 07-Wed. Period : 3rd ( 40 min )
Objective:

Class/Sec : VII-Blue Subject : Science Topic : Light

Student to understand light as a form of energy Its impact on our daily lives How it travels Understand about shadows

Resources : Text bk 2 Expl.Sc pgs 155 to 159 ,Teachers guide A/V aids,charts,board. Methodology : (5 min) Change over of teacher and settling down of St. (5 min) Introduce light. Practical examples torch, switch on the light ,shut & open eyes introduce 6 new topic related words with explanation (ref. syllabus) (10 min) Conduct a simple experiment to show shadows, introduce luminous ,non- luminous objects explanation and examples from daily life. Class can be taken outside if possible for practical observations . Demonstration of opaque,transparent,translucent objects. (15 min) Begin work from Work Book pg.28 interaction of class HW

Daily Lesson Plan


Date/Day:18th Jan 07- Thur Class/Sec : VII-Blue Period: 5th (40 min) Subject :Geography Topic : Longitude and Latitude Objective: St. to be able to identify lines of Long.& Lat. To know how to locate any place on earth Local / International Time
Resources :Text book I pgs 64-67, Teachers Guide,Globe,World Map, Charts, Board
Methodology :(3 min) Change over of teachers and settling down of SS (3 min) Introduction of the new topic.

(18 min) Demonstration of the globe & wall map Long.& Lat , equator , poles , tropics cancer & Capricorn. GMT , International Date Line , Time Zone. division of lines in degrees on map to show locations. special ref.Pakistan , moon sighting , Jet Lag explanation and oral feedback.
(16 min) Work Sheet relevant work ..recap

HW

Revise

Activity #8 In the light of lesson you have planned give a brief evaluation plan to assess student achievement and then evaluate your lesson plan. Homework