Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 18

.

731

(137. So if they believe in the like of that which you believe then they are rightly guided; but if they turn away, then they are only in opposition. So Allah will ).suffice for you against them. And He is the Hearer, the Knower

.731

2:137

then indeed, they are rightly guided

In it

of what you Have believed

in the like

they believe

So if

Allah

So will suffice you against them,

dissension (Are) they in

Then only

they turn away

But if

the AllKnowing

is the All-Hearing

And He

Above Ayah#137 highlights the importance of Sahaba (companions), as also the following from Al-Taubah 9:100. (And the foremost to embrace Islam of the Muhajirin and the Ansar and also those who followed them exactly (in faith). Allah is wellpleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.)


Al-Taubah

2:137
The blessed companions followed the prophet (SAW) without adding or subtracting anything. The Prophet(SAW) warned them in a very stern fashion about conveying anything from him which may not be correct. Using the Arabic word kadhab, which in the dialect of the Prophet did not mean "to lie" but meant to convey something which is not correct, the Prophet stated: "Convey from me, even if it is just a verse. And narrate [stories] from the Tribes of Israel and there is no harm. And whoever falsely attributes something to my authority shall take his own seat in the Hell-fire." (Saheeh Al-Bukhari) The Prophet(SAW) stated that warning on a number of occasions, as those words have been recorded from the Prophet by over fifty Companions. Thus, the Companions realized that they had to be very careful in their narratives. They understood the warning stated above concerning one who falsely attributes something to the Prophet as applying to one who does so intentionally as well as unintentionally.

2:137

The best of people are those living in my time. Then come those who follow them, and then come those who follow them. Those will be followed by a generation whose witness is sometimes true, sometimes false.

Muslim, Fadail al-Sahaba, 212; Bukhari, Fadail alAshab,

The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, "The tribes of Israel broke into seventy- two sects. My Ummah shall break up into seventy-three sects. All of them will be in the Fire, except one: what I am upon and my Companions." [At-Tirmidhee]

Abi Burda reports from his father:

2:137

"He (Prophet Muhammad (SAW)) raised his head toward the heavens and said: "The stars are the protection for the sky - when the stars have gone, that which has been forewarned will come to the sky.

I am the protection for my Companions - when I have gone, that which has been forewarned will come to my companions.
My Companions are the protection for this Ummah - when they have gone, that which has been forewarned will come to this Ummah. [Saheeh Muslim]

So, the only protection for this Ummah is to stick to the way of the Companions, the first generation - the best generation.

Narrated Irbad ibn Sariyah: Those of you who live after me will see great disagreement. You must then follow my sunnah and that of the rightly-guided caliphs. Hold to it and stick fast to it. Avoid novelties, for every novelty is an innovation, and every innovation is an error.
Abu Dawood Book 40, Number 4590

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet ascended the mountain of uhud and he was accompanied by Abu Bakr, 'Umar and 'Uthman. The mountain shook beneath them. The Prophet hit it with his foot and said, "O uhud ! Be firm, for on you there is none but a Prophet, a Siddiq and a martyr (i.e. and two martyrs). (Sahih Bukhari:Book #57, Hadith #35)
Narrated Safinah: The Prophet (SAW) said: The Caliphate of Prophecy will last thirty years; then Allah will give the Kingdom of His Kingdom to anyone He wills.
Abu Dawood Book 40, Number 4629

2:137
1.

Preservation of Quran

Prophet Muhammad (S) encouraged his companions to learn and teach the Quran: 'The most superior among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Qur'an and teach it'. (Sahih Bukhari) Some of the companions who memorized the Quran were: 'Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Ibn Masud, Abu Huraira, Abdullah bin Abbas, Abdullah bin Amr bin al-As, Aisha, Hafsa, and Umm Salama (Jalal al-Din Suyuti, 'Al-Itqan fi-ulum al-Quran, Vol.
I p.124))

2.

3. 4. 5.

The Prophet, while in Madinah, had about 48 scribes who used to write for him'.
(M.M.Azami, Kuttab al-Nabi,Beirut)

Abu Bakr, the first male Muslim to convert to Islam used to recite the Quran publicly in front of his house in Makka'. (Ibn Hisham: Sira al-nabi, Cairo, n.d., Vol.I, p.206) The Prophet also listened to the recitation of the Qur'an by the Companions: 'Allahs Apostle said to me (Abdullah bin Mas'ud): "Recite (the Quran) to me". I said: "Shall I recite it to you although it had been revealed to you?!" He said: "I like to hear (the Quran) from others". (Bukhari, 6.106)

2:137

Preservation of Quran

6. Zaid Ibn Thabit (one of the scribes of the Prophet) said: "I was his (Prophet's) neighbor, and when the inspiration descended on him he sent for me and I went to him and wrote it down for him..." (Tirmidhi, Mishkat al-Masabih, No. 5823) 7. Narrated by Al-Bara': There was revealed 'Not equal are those believers who sit (home) and those who strive and fight in the cause of Allah' (4:95). The Prophet said: 'Call Zaid for me and let him bring the board, the ink pot and scapula bone.' Then he (Prophet) said: 'Write: Not equal are those believers...' (Bukhari, 6.512) 8. Abdullah Ibn 'Umar relates:... 'The Messenger of Allah (S) said: "Do not take the Qur'an on a journey with you, for I am afraid lest it should fall into the hands of the enemy"' (Muslim, III, NO. 4606, also 4607, 4608; Bukhari, 4.233) 9. A list of Companions of whom it is related that they had their own written collections included the following: Ibn Mas'ud, Ubay bin Ka'b, Ali, Ibn Abbas, Abu Musa, Hafsa, Anas bin Malik, Umar, Zaid bin Thabit, Ibn Al-Zubair, Abdullah ibn Amr, Aisha, Salim, Umm Salama, Ubaid bin Umar'. (Ibn Abi Dawud: Masahif, p.14) 10. Aisha and Hafsa, the wives of the Prophet had their own scripts written after the Prophet had died. (Muwatta Imam Malik, Lahore, 1980, no.307, 308, translation by M. Rahimuddin)

-The Quran was written and memorized during the lifetime of Muhammad (SAW). -The Quran is a dictation. The speaker in the Quran - in the first person - is God Almighty (Allah) talking directly to man. -The Quran was collected by the companions of the prophet Muhammad, those who knew, and lived with him during its revelation. -The Quran was collected into a complete book during the reign of Abu Bakr, the first caliph of Islam, and the right hand man of Muhammad (PBUH). -The Quran was duplicated into official standardized copies for the new Muslim population, by the 3rd caliph of Islam, Uthman, who was also a close companion of the prophet Muhammad. The very manuscript that Uthman used to copy, was the one which Abu Bakr had collected into an official Quranic book.

-The Gospels were written decades after Jesus, by authors who did not know Jesus, did not meet Jesus -The Gospels were written by anonymous authors, we don't actually know they are.

-The only Gospel in which we may know who the author was, was the Gospel of Luke, yet Luke never met Jesus, nor did he know Jesus.
-In the Bible you have many men writing about God and you have in some places the word of God speaking to men. Actual revelation & authors commentary is mixed up. -The actual Gospel manuscripts are not even the originals, rather they are the copy's of the copy's of the copy's of the books that were written decades after Jesus. -No matter what, Muslims must NOT disrespect Bible as some parts are still Allahs words.

Uthman Copy, nowadays its saved in a museum in Turkey.

A page from the copy of the Holy Qur'an, from the time of Caliph Uthman, kept in Tashkent (Sura 7:86-87)

2:137

Preservation of Sunnah

1. The Companions' Understanding of Their Heavy Responsibilities The Companions of the Prophet understood that Muhammad(SAW) was the final messenger sent for humankind and that the task of preserving his teachings would fall upon their shoulders. It was up to them to make sure that what happened to the previous prophets' teachings would not happen to the Prophet Muhammad's message. 2. The Recording of Hadith Scholars of hadith would accept or prefer written reports of scholars over memorized reports only if it was known that those scholars were proficient and correct in their writing.

3. The Importance and History of the Isnad The Isnad system was developed uniquely by the Muslim nation. It is, where one states his sources of information, in turn tracing that narrative all the way back to the Prophet(SAW). The importance of the Isnad has been eloquently stated by Abdullah ibn al-Mubaarak who said, "The Isnad is part of the religion. If it were not for the Isnad anyone would say whatever he wishes to say."
Quoted by Imam Muslim in the introduction to his Sahih in the chapter entitled, "Expounding on the point that the Isnad is part of the religion."

2:137

Preservation of Sunnah

4. The Preservation of Isnad The need for the Isnad really became apparent after weak narrators and immoral people began to relate hadith. Abu Bakr, the first caliph who died only two years after the Prophet, was the first to make the narrator prove the authenticity of his narration as he sometimes would not accept a hadith unless the person presented a witness for his hadith. Umar also followed the same pattern. By doing so they made it clear if the person heard the hadith directly from the Messenger of God or through some intermediary source 5. Traveling for the Purpose of Seeking Hadith Another unique phenomenon that appeared and assisted in the preservation of the Sunnah was the traveling in search of hadith, in order to check the sources and gather more hadith together. The great desire for religious knowledge among the Muslims led individuals to travel, on their own, for months at a time simply to collect or confirm just one saying of the Prophet(SAW). It was this devotion to hadith and willingness to sacrifice any aspect of this worldly life that greatly helped in the complete preservation of the hadith of the Prophet.

The following examples are of Companions who traveled in order to verify hadith that they themselves heard from the Prophet.
i) Jaabir ibn Abdullah traveled for one month to get a single hadith from Abdullah ibn Unais (Sahih Bukhari) In a version recorded by al-Tabaraani, it states that Jaabir said, "I used to hear a hadith on the authority of the Prophet about retribution and the one who narrated that hadith [directly from the Prophet] was in Egypt, so I bought a camel and traveled to Egypt...

ii)

iii)

The Companion Abu Ayyoob traveled all the way to Egypt to ask Uqba ibn Amr about one hadith. He told Uqba that only he and Uqba were left who had heard that particular hadith directly from the Prophet. After hearing the hadith his business was completed in Egypt and he returned to Madinah.(Fath Al-Bari) One of the Companions traveled to visit Fadhala ibn Ubaid and told him that he came not to visit him but only to ask him about a hadith that they had both heard from the Prophet and the Companion was hoping that Fadhala had the complete wording of the hadith. [Abu Dawood]

iv)

2:137


Go back to the lives of Sahaba (Companions). Refer to the original.

Matters of Deen or Islamic Knowledge

Matters of Science or Medical knowledge


Get the latest information. Refer to the latest journal.

QUIZ 2:137

6.

5.

4.

3.

2.

1.

13.

12.

11.

10.

9.

8.

7.

16.

15.

14.

f)Then only l)then indeed, they are rightly guided

n)In it
p)of what you Have believed o)in the like

m)they believe

k)So if

e)dissension

g)(Are) in

h)they

j)But if

b)the AllKnowing

c)is the All-Hearing

a) And He

d)So will suffice you against them,

i)they turn away