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Dairy Industry

IAS Sociology

12/6/2012

IAS Sociology

USA is the world leader in the production of milk India is the second largest in this It had the coveted position after it surpassed USA in 2001 and remained there on top till 2010 This was the outcome of initiatives taken up during the eighties under the Operation Flood Programme resulting in widespread Dairy development in the ocuntry

12/6/2012

IAS Sociology

world milk production is 809 million tonnes today of which USA contributes 124 MT followed by India with its 116.5 MT. The share of India in the world annual milk production is around 14.4 per cent It came to be called as the White Revolution
12/6/2012 IAS Sociology

It brought about a comprehensive development of dairy industry in the country There is a high participation of women in this activity Result has been on the health status of the household with more nutrition and other benefits
12/6/2012 IAS Sociology

75% of these women are from small and marginal landowning and landless households Thus, it has contributed to womens empowerment & equity Diary sector provides additional income Generates employment for 80 million farm families across the country
12/6/2012 IAS Sociology

Livestock rearing contributes to 9 per cent of the Gross domestic Product Organised sector handles only 15 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product 45 per cent is still handled by the unorganised sector with remaining 40 per cent retained by the producers for home consumption
12/6/2012 IAS Sociology

60-70 per cent of cattle are owned by small & marginal farmers. Major share of milk comes from buffaloes (52%); cows (45%) and Goats (3%) Dairy farming is a subsidiary occupation with agriculture as the main occupation

12/6/2012

IAS Sociology

Bangalore Dairy was commissioned in 1965 with UNICEF aid and a rated capacity of 50000 liters of milk per day Bangalore district and parts of Kolar and Tumkur districts were the part of this milk shed area Milk was procured through a network of co-operatives
12/6/2012 IAS Sociology

By 1973 there were 10 diary plants in the state with a processing capacity of 1.67 lakh liters per day Moreover the dairies were not utilised fully and milk handled was not even 50 per cent of their capacity This gave rise to Integrated dairy Development Project during 1974-75 in 4 major milk sheds, viz., Bangalore, Mysore, Hassan and Tumkur etc covering 8 southern districts with the financial assistance of international Development Agency with an outlay of Rs.51 crores
12/6/2012 IAS Sociology

Karnataka Dairy Development Corporation was set up to implement the project in the year 1974 The goal was to have an integrated approach and increase milk production in rural areas of southern Karnataka for milk collection, processing and marketing facilities and technical services for artificial insemination and animal health
12/6/2012 IAS Sociology

Milk co-operative societies were organised and grouped into unions with a milk and feed plant The national dairy development board (NDDB) offered technical support through the KDDC (Karnataka Dairy Development Corporation) In 1984, project ended and dairy developed activities were continued under Operation Flood II. Once the project was completed the GoK took a decision to extend the projects scope to the entire length and breadth of the state
12/6/2012 IAS Sociology

Dairy Development activity continued under the organization Karnataka milk Federation (KMF) which came into existence as a successor to Karnataka Dairy Development Corporation (KDDC) in May 1984 The karnataka Milk Products Limited established in 1980 was transferred to KMF in 1984 In 1985, the government transferred the dairies to the control of KMF The next phase of Operation Flood II started during 1987 and continued until April 1996 covering the entire state through 13 milk unions
12/6/2012 IAS Sociology

Thus, KMF today is the second largest cooperative in the dairy sector in the country in terms of procurement and sales and the first in South India In 2010 it produced about 45 lakh tones of milk Dairy development has been able to bring significant and positive changes in the lives of impoverished and hitherto neglected poor especially women and minorities
12/6/2012 IAS Sociology