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Writing

Time : 4 hours

Hour 1 & 2 : Writing Task 1

Hour 3 & 4 : Writing Task 2


Opinion Poll
What do we look for in an essay:

 Quality of Arguments – logical, well-


considered.
 Ideas and Evidence – support your
points.
 Communicative Quality.
 Vocabulary and Sentence Structure.
Essay Writing can be presented
with a point of view or argument
or problem.
Present and justify an
opinion.

e.g. Do you think trial by jury


should be used in all
criminal cases?
Compare and contrast,
evidence, opinions and
implications.

e.g. How effective is it to reward


good work with extra money?
Evaluate and challenge ideas,
evidence or an argument.

e.g. ‘Failure shows desire wasn’t


strong enough’. To what
extent do you agree?
Mind Your Language
 Formal
B, D, E, I, O, R

 Neutral (Semi Formal)


C, D, F, H, J, K, P, S

 Informal
A, G, J, L, M, N, Q, T
BRING OUT THOSE
IDEAS
Families are not as close as
they used to be. Do you agree?

Give reasons for your answer


and include any relevant
examples from your experience.
 Organisation
 After you have produced your ideas,
you need to organise them.
 Do not produce a list of ideas without
development.
 Decide on the key ideas. How many
ideas can you cover in 350 words?
 Select some supporting points for
each key idea in your list.
 Think about your own experience – do
you have any further points to add?
Hello…
EXEMPLARS OF :
SAMPLE ESSAYS

INTRODUCTIONS

BODY

CONCLUSIONS
The Introduction

 Important: gives first impression.


 A few sentences.
 Introduce the topic.
 Preface the main points.
 Define what you understand by the
task.
 Show how you intend to approach the
task.
Read the notes provided on
the structure of an essay.
(Page 27 – WRITING NOTES).
 Get into groups of four and write sample
introductory paragraphs for the three topics
provided on Page 34 of the Tasks for Course
participants.

 Underline the thesis statement.

 Remember the thesis statement must


highlight the argument or main idea that you
wish to argue or explain in your essay.

 Compare your writing with other group


members.
So Where Is It Going
To Be?
 Answer Key:
 The care of old people is an issue all over the world, as it is no longer
clear who has the responsibility for looking after old people. There are two
main choices: the government or the family.
 If the government pays for the care of old people this usually means
that the old people go into old people’s homes. In these all people are
given equal and high quality care. Countries such as Sweden operate this
system very efficiently.
 The problem is that this solution is very expensive. The money
comes from tax and many countries simply can’t afford it. It also often
means that old people go into homes where they know no one and have
nothing to do.
 The alternative is for families to support their elderly relatives. In
theory this provides loving care and means the old person can be an
active member of the family. In practice, it often does not work out, as
families don’t have enough money, and so, much bitterness is created,
and the old people are neglected. I can see this happening all around me
in my country where there is no government support for old people.
 It is clear that neither of these solutions is good. Therefore, it seems
to me that a mixture of the two is the best solution. The government
should provide money to families to look after their elderly relatives. But I
also think that old people should save up money during their working lives
to look after themselves in old age.
Putting It Together
 Question: The care of old people is a
growing problem. Some say the government
should care for old people. Others say that
it’s the family’s responsibility. Discuss
these views and give your own opinion.

 Academic writing can involve discussing the


advantages and disadvantages of different
solutions. In this case, it usually follows this
structure:
1. Introduction

General statement about the


topic.
2. Body
A. Arguments for solution 1
(+ supporting evidence)
B. Arguments against solution 1
(+ supporting evidence)
C. Arguments for solution 2
(+ supporting evidence)
D. Arguments against solution 2
(+ supporting evidence)
E. Etc. with any other solution 3
3. Conclusion

Giving writer’s final opinion based on


the arguments.

 N.B. This topic shows just one kind of


academic writing. Others include proposing
solutions and justifying opinions. These
require different structures.
 1
The care of old people is an issue all over the world as it is no longer clear who
has the responsibility for looking after old people. There are two main choices:
the government or the family.
 2A
If the government pays for the care of old people this usually means that the
elderly go into old people’s homes. In these homes, everyone is given equal
and high quality care. Countries such as Sweden operate this system very
efficiently.
 2B
The problem is that this solution is very expensive. The money comes from tax
and many countries simply cannot afford it. It also often means that old people
go into homes where they know no one and have nothing to do.
 2C
The alternative is for families to support their elderly relatives. In theory, this
provides loving care and means the old person can be an active member of the
family.
 2D
In practice, it often does not work out, as families do not have enough money,
and so, much bitterness is created, and the old people are neglected. I can see
this happening all around me in my country where there is minimal
government support for the elderly.
 3
It is clear that neither of these solutions is good. Therefore, it seems to me that
a mixture of the two is the best solution. The government should provide
money to families to look after their elderly relatives. But I also think that
people should save up money during their working lives to look after
themselves in old age.
Write Right!
Feedback on essays
 Look for coherence
 Look for grammar
 Look for content
REVIEW