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What Is Heat Stress?!

Heat stress: High environmental temperature leads to

inadequate or inappropriate response of heat-regulating mechanism.

Six main factors are involved in heat stress:

1. Temperature 2. Humidity 3. Movement of air 4. Body condition 5. Radiant temperature (lack of shading from direct heat) 6. Person clothing & physical activity

Common Form of Heat Stress


Painful muscle spasms Heavy sweating Fatigue Reduced movement clammy skin Weakness, fatigue Dizziness and blurred vision Heavy sweating Body temperature slightly elevated

Salt water intake(0.5% solution) Sport drink intake (Gatorade) Rest in cool environment Fluid and salted food intake Lie down in cool environment Water intake Loosen clothing


Heat Exhaustion

Heat Stroke

Cessation of sweating Skin hot and dry Red face High Body Temperature (>40oC) Unconsciousness and collapse Life threatening condition

Immediate total cooling transport to hospital

Heat Stress Index

Temp.oC Degree of Hazard Possibility of Illnesses
Fatigue Possible with physical activity Sunstroke, heat cramps & heat exhaustion possible. Sunstroke, heat cramps & heat exhaustion likely. Sunstroke highly likely

26.6-32.2 Caution 32.2-40.6 Extreme Caution 40.2-50 Danger


Extreme Danger

Permissible Heat Exposure Threshold Limit Values

Work Load
Work /Rest Regimen Continuous work Light 30oC Moderate 26.7oC Heavy 25oC

75% Work, 25% rest, each hour

50% Work, 50% rest, each hour




25% Work, 75% rest, each hour




*Workers should not be permitted to work when their body temperature >38oC

Humidity Is Not Your Friend!!!

Prevention of Heat StressSupervisors

Allow time for employees to adjust to hot jobs when possible. It often takes two to three weeks for an employee to become acclimated to hot environment. Adjust the work schedule if possible. Assign heavier work on cooler days or during the cooler part of days. Reduce the work load. Increase the use of equipment on hot days to reduce physical labor. Establish a schedule for work and rest periods during hot days. Train workers to recognize signs and symptoms of heat stress disorders and be prepared to give first aid if necessary. Chose appropriate employees. Avoid placing High Risk employees in hot work environments for extended time periods

Prevention of Heat StressWorkers

Learn to recognize the symptoms of heat stress. Pace the work taking adequate rest period (in shad or cooler environment). Use adequate fans for ventilation and cooling, especially when wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) Wear light colored, loose clothing (Unless working around equipment with moving parts) Keep shaded from direct heat where possible (e.g.wear a hat in direct sunshine) Drink plenty of water to satisfy thirst

Be Careful Nowadays I am Too