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An Interactive Tutorial for SPSS 10.

0 for Windows

Factorial Analysis of Variance


Julia Hartman
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Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

Introduction
In this tutorial, Factorial Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) will be used to determine whether gender and residency location interact to affect scores on the US Medical Licensing Exam (Part 2) scores.

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Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

Introduction
Independent variables (fixed factors)
gender: Gender of student (1 = female, 2 = male) resloc: Residency location (1 = in-state, 2 = out of state) Dependent variable

usmle2: USMLE Step 2 (continuous)


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Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

Starting the Procedure


In the menu, click Analyze

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

Starting the Procedure


In the menu, click on Analyze

Point to General Linear Model

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

Starting the Procedure


In the menu, click on Analyze

Point to General Linear Model


Point to Univariate

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

Starting the Procedure


In the menu, click on Analyze

Point to General Linear Model


Point to Univariate

and click.
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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Choose the variables for analysis from the list in the variable box. For this tutorial, begin by pointing to the variable labeled
GENDER OF STUDENT

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Choose the variables for analysis from the list in the variable box. For this tutorial, begin by pointing to the variable labeled
GENDER OF STUDENT

and click.
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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Move gender, a categorical variable, to the box labeled Fixed Factor(s) by clicking the arrow.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Scroll down the list, point to the variable resloc, which is labeled RESIDENCY LOCATION,

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Scroll down the list, point to the variable resloc, which is labeled RESIDENCY LOCATION,

and click.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Move resloc, another categorical variable, to the box labeled Fixed Factor(s) by clicking the arrow.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Scroll further down the list and point to the variable usmle2, which is labeled USMLE STEP 2,

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Scroll further down the list and point to the variable usmle2, which is labeled
USMLE STEP 2 TOTAL,

and click.
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Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Move usmle2, a continuous variable, to the box labeled Dependent Variable by clicking the arrow.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Tutorial Options
The Univariate GLM procedure offers a number of options. Click this button for a list of the options included in this tutorial.
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Factorial ANOVA:

List of Tutorial Options


Click the box for the desired option.
Profile plots of estimated marginal means Post hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons Optional descriptive and diagnostic statistics Continue with the analysis
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Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

List of Tutorial Options


Click the box for the desired option.
Profile plots of estimated marginal means Post hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons Optional descriptive and diagnostic statistics Continue with the analysis
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Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

List of Tutorial Options


Click the box for the desired option.
Profile plots of estimated marginal means Post hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons Optional descriptive and diagnostic statistics Continue with the analysis
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Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

List of Tutorial Options


Click the box for the desired option.
Profile plots of estimated marginal means Post hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons Optional descriptive and diagnostic statistics Continue with the analysis
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Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots
Request profile plots of estimated marginal means by clicking the button labeled
Plots

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots
This tutorial requests both available profile plots, gender*resloc and resloc*gender. Click gender in the Factors box.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

Move gender to the Horizontal Axis box by clicking the arrow.

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

Now click resloc in the Factors box

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

and move it to the Separate Lines box by clicking the arrow.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

Click the Add button to request the plot.

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots
To request the plot of resloc*gender, click resloc in the Factors box.

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

Move resloc to the Horizontal Axis box by clicking the arrow.

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

Now click gender in the Factors box

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

and move it to the Separate Lines box by clicking the arrow.

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

Click the Add button to request the plot.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

Click the Continue button.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Post Hoc Multiple Comparisons


To request post hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons, click the Post Hoc button.
(The factors in this analysis-gender and resloc--each have only two categories, so post hoc option is explained only for tutorial purposes.)
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Factorial ANOVA:

Post Hoc Multiple Comparisons


This example requests tests for gender only. Click gender in the Factor(s) box.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Post Hoc Multiple Comparisons

Move gender to the


Post Hoc Tests for:

box by clicking the arrow.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Post Hoc Multiple Comparisons


Request multiple comparison test(s) by clicking in the corresponding checkbox.
For this tutorial, click Bonferroni.

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

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Factorial ANOVA:

Post Hoc Multiple Comparisons


In SPSS, you can request as many multiple comparison tests as you want.
To continue the tutorial, click the Continue button.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Optional Descriptive and Diagnostic Statistics


To display estimated marginal means, parameter estimates, and descriptive and diagnostic statistics, and or to change the alpha level, click the Options button.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
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Factorial ANOVA:

Options: Estimated Marginal Means


You can request an overall (grand) marginal mean, as well as marginal means for the factors and the interaction(s). To select all of these at once, first click [OVERALL] .
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Factorial ANOVA:

Options: Estimated Marginal Means

Hold the Shift key (on the keyboard) and click gender*resloc to select the entire list.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Options: Estimated Marginal Means

Click the arrow to move the factors and factor interaction terms to the Display Means for: box.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Options: Estimated Marginal Means


In SPSS, you can display information by rightclicking, but rightclicking doesnt work in this tutorial. To see what right-clicking would show, left-click Compare main effects.
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Factorial ANOVA:

Options: Estimated Marginal Means

Click the checkbox for Compare main effects.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Options: Estimated Marginal Means


You can change the method used for confidence interval adjustments by selecting from the drop-down list. Click the drop-down arrow for Confidence interval adjustment.
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Factorial ANOVA:

Options: Estimated Marginal Means

This tutorial will use the default method, so click elsewhere on the window to close the drop-down menu.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Options

Request other options by clicking the appropriate checkbox. In the Display area, click the checkbox for Descriptive statistics
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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Options
and the one for
Homogeneity tests.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Options

This tutorial uses no more options, so click the Continue button.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Run the analysis

Click the OK button to run the Factorial ANOVA.

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Factorial ANOVA Output:

Warnings and General Information

The labels and format of your output may be somewhat different.

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Factorial ANOVA Output: :

Descriptive Statistics

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Factorial ANOVA Output:

Test of Equality of Error Variances

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Factorial ANOVA Output:

Tests of Between-Subjects Effects

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Factorial ANOVA Output:

Estimated Marginal Means: Grand Mean

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Factorial ANOVA:

Gender: Estimated Marginal Means

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Factorial ANOVA:

Gender: Pairwise Comparisons

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Factorial ANOVA:

Gender: Univariate Tests

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Factorial ANOVA:

Resloc: Estimated Marginal Means

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Factorial ANOVA:

Resloc: Pairwise Comparisons

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Factorial ANOVA:

Resloc: Univariate Tests

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Factorial ANOVA:

Interaction: Means, Std Errors, C.I.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plot: Gender*Resloc

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plot: Resloc*Gender

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An Interactive Tutorial for SPSS 10.0 for Windows: Factorial ANOVA

Click one of the following:


Repeat this tutorial Return to the list of options in this tutorial Return to the list of tutorials

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