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# An Interactive Tutorial for SPSS 10.

0 for Windows

## Factorial Analysis of Variance

Julia Hartman
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Factorial ANOVA:

Introduction
In this tutorial, Factorial Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) will be used to determine whether gender and residency location interact to affect scores on the US Medical Licensing Exam (Part 2) scores.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Introduction
Independent variables (fixed factors)
gender: Gender of student (1 = female, 2 = male) resloc: Residency location (1 = in-state, 2 = out of state) Dependent variable

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Factorial ANOVA:

Factorial ANOVA:

## Starting the Procedure

In the menu, click on Analyze

Factorial ANOVA:

## Starting the Procedure

In the menu, click on Analyze

## Point to General Linear Model

Point to Univariate

Factorial ANOVA:

## Starting the Procedure

In the menu, click on Analyze

## Point to General Linear Model

Point to Univariate

and click.
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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Choose the variables for analysis from the list in the variable box. For this tutorial, begin by pointing to the variable labeled
GENDER OF STUDENT

Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Choose the variables for analysis from the list in the variable box. For this tutorial, begin by pointing to the variable labeled
GENDER OF STUDENT

and click.
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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Move gender, a categorical variable, to the box labeled Fixed Factor(s) by clicking the arrow.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Scroll down the list, point to the variable resloc, which is labeled RESIDENCY LOCATION,

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Scroll down the list, point to the variable resloc, which is labeled RESIDENCY LOCATION,

and click.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Move resloc, another categorical variable, to the box labeled Fixed Factor(s) by clicking the arrow.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Scroll further down the list and point to the variable usmle2, which is labeled USMLE STEP 2,

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Scroll further down the list and point to the variable usmle2, which is labeled
USMLE STEP 2 TOTAL,

and click.
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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Variables
Move usmle2, a continuous variable, to the box labeled Dependent Variable by clicking the arrow.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Tutorial Options
The Univariate GLM procedure offers a number of options. Click this button for a list of the options included in this tutorial.
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Factorial ANOVA:

## List of Tutorial Options

Click the box for the desired option.
Profile plots of estimated marginal means Post hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons Optional descriptive and diagnostic statistics Continue with the analysis
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Factorial ANOVA:

## List of Tutorial Options

Click the box for the desired option.
Profile plots of estimated marginal means Post hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons Optional descriptive and diagnostic statistics Continue with the analysis
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Factorial ANOVA:

## List of Tutorial Options

Click the box for the desired option.
Profile plots of estimated marginal means Post hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons Optional descriptive and diagnostic statistics Continue with the analysis
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Factorial ANOVA:

## List of Tutorial Options

Click the box for the desired option.
Profile plots of estimated marginal means Post hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons Optional descriptive and diagnostic statistics Continue with the analysis
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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots
Request profile plots of estimated marginal means by clicking the button labeled
Plots

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots
This tutorial requests both available profile plots, gender*resloc and resloc*gender. Click gender in the Factors box.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

## Click the Add button to request the plot.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots
To request the plot of resloc*gender, click resloc in the Factors box.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

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Factorial ANOVA:

Profile Plots

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Factorial ANOVA:

## Post Hoc Multiple Comparisons

To request post hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons, click the Post Hoc button.
(The factors in this analysis-gender and resloc--each have only two categories, so post hoc option is explained only for tutorial purposes.)
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Factorial ANOVA:

## Post Hoc Multiple Comparisons

This example requests tests for gender only. Click gender in the Factor(s) box.

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Factorial ANOVA:

## Move gender to the

Post Hoc Tests for:

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Factorial ANOVA:

## Post Hoc Multiple Comparisons

Request multiple comparison test(s) by clicking in the corresponding checkbox.
For this tutorial, click Bonferroni.

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Factorial ANOVA:

## Post Hoc Multiple Comparisons

In SPSS, you can request as many multiple comparison tests as you want.
To continue the tutorial, click the Continue button.

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Factorial ANOVA:

## Optional Descriptive and Diagnostic Statistics

To display estimated marginal means, parameter estimates, and descriptive and diagnostic statistics, and or to change the alpha level, click the Options button.
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Factorial ANOVA:

## Options: Estimated Marginal Means

You can request an overall (grand) marginal mean, as well as marginal means for the factors and the interaction(s). To select all of these at once, first click [OVERALL] .
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Factorial ANOVA:

## Options: Estimated Marginal Means

Hold the Shift key (on the keyboard) and click gender*resloc to select the entire list.

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Factorial ANOVA:

## Options: Estimated Marginal Means

Click the arrow to move the factors and factor interaction terms to the Display Means for: box.

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Factorial ANOVA:

## Options: Estimated Marginal Means

In SPSS, you can display information by rightclicking, but rightclicking doesnt work in this tutorial. To see what right-clicking would show, left-click Compare main effects.
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Factorial ANOVA:

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Factorial ANOVA:

## Options: Estimated Marginal Means

You can change the method used for confidence interval adjustments by selecting from the drop-down list. Click the drop-down arrow for Confidence interval adjustment.
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Factorial ANOVA:

## Options: Estimated Marginal Means

This tutorial will use the default method, so click elsewhere on the window to close the drop-down menu.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Options

Request other options by clicking the appropriate checkbox. In the Display area, click the checkbox for Descriptive statistics
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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Options
and the one for
Homogeneity tests.

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Factorial ANOVA:

Selecting Options

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Factorial ANOVA:

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## Factorial ANOVA Output: :

Descriptive Statistics

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