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Mobile originated call

MS
Channel Request (RACH)

BSS

MSC

Immediate Assignment [ Reject ] (AGCH)

SDCCH Seizure
CM Service Request + Connection Request < CMSREQ >

Connection [ Confirmed / Refused ]

Link Establishment

Authentication Request

Authentication Response

DT1 <CICMD>

S D C C H

Ciphering Mode Command Ciphering Mode Complete DT1 <CICMP>

Identity Request

Identity Response

Setup Call Proceeding

Connection Management
Assignment Request

Assignment Request [ Failed ] Assignment Command Assignment [ Complete / Failure ]

Assignment [ Complete / Failure ]

T C H

TCH Seizure

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

Mobile terminated call


MS BSS
UDT < PAGIN > Paging Request (PCH)

MSC

Paging
Channel Request (RACH)

Immediate Assignment [ Reject ] (AGCH)

SDCCH Seizure
Paging Response + Connection Request < PAGRES >

Connection [ Confirmed / Refused ]

Link Establishment

Authentication Request Authentication Response

S D C C H

DT1 <CICMD> Ciphering Mode Command Ciphering Mode Complete DT1 <CICMP>

Identity Request

Identity Response

Setup Call Confirmed

Connection Management
Assignment Request Assignment Request [ Failed ] Assignment Command

Assignment [ Complete / Failure ]

T C H

Assignment [ Complete / Failure ]

TCH Seizure

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

GPRS ARCHITECHURE SUMMARY


GPRS introduces two new network nodes in the GSM PLMN: The Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN), which is at the same hierarchical level as the MSC, keeps track of the individual MSs' location and performs security functions and access control. The SGSN is connected to the base station system with Frame Relay. The Gateway GSN (GGSN) provides interworking with external packet-switched networks, and is connected with SGSNs via an IP-based GPRS backbone network. The HLR is enhanced with GPRS subscriber information, and the SMS-GMSCs and SMS-IWMSCs are upgraded to support SMS transmission via the SGSN. Optionally, the MSC/VLR can be enhanced for more-efficient coordination of GPRS and non-GPRS services and functionality: e.g., paging for circuit-switched calls that can be performed more efficiently via the SGSN, and combined GPRS and non-GPRS location updates.

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

General
Up to 170kbps User data is packet switched. Optimises the Um interface for bursty data traffic. Quick set up time (~1-2 seconds) Billing is for data and not connection time Subscriber is able to remain connected to the network without calling upon any of the networks resources until an actual data transfer takes place. Timeslot Sharing. Single timeslots - Multiple MSs; Multiple timeslots - Single MS; Multiple timeslots - Multiple MSs

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

GENERAL
GPRS is one kind of packet-switched data technology which is being developed for GSM networks. This infrastructure will support third generation networks. Initial speeds for GSM will be up to 171kbps. It is expected to be implemented in the 1999-2000 time frame

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

Why is packet data technology important?


Because packet provides a seamless and immediate connection from a mobile PC to the Internet or corporate intranet allowing all existing Internet applications such as e-mail and Web browsing to operate smoothly without even needing to dial into an Internet service provider. The advantage of a packet-based approach is that GPRS only uses the medium, in this case the precious radio link, for the duration of time that data is being sent or received. This means that multiple users can share the same radio channel very efficiently. In contrast, with current circuitswitched connections, users have dedicated connections during their entire call, whether or not they are sending data. Many applications have idle periods during a session. With packet data, users will only pay for the amount of data they actually communicate, and not the idle time. In fact, with GPRS, users could be "virtually" connected for hours at a time and only incur modest connect charges.

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

Packet Data Over Digital Cellular


Current technologies are primarily circuit-switched, meaning a continuous circuit transmission allows the network to route continuous data to a single location. Circuit-switched data requires a dedicated radio channel even when no data is being sent. Packet-switched data works quite differently from circuitswitched data. With packet-switched data, the computer that is connected to the cell phone sends and receives bursts, or packets, of data. A radio channel is occupied only for the duration of the data transmission instead of continuously, making it more efficient than circuitswitched. Since the phone never makes an actual "phone call," the channel becomes immediately available for other data users after the transmission. At the switching center, packet services interconnect with the Internet or directly with corporate intranets using traditional networking methods such as frame relay.

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

Applications for GPRS


WWW E- mail Electronic Cash - smart cards

Electronic Commerce Telematics - Vending Machines, Toll Collection Field Services UPS

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

GPRS vs HSCSD
GPRS
High initial costs (new Network elements) Low per user cost Economies of Scale

HSCSD
Lower speed - up to 57.6 KBps (4 * 14.4) Low initial costs High per user cost Handover issues No economies of scale

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

What does UMTS give us and Why use it?


What ? Higher Bit Rates (up to 2Mb/ sec) Improved services quality (comparable to fixed)

Why ?
Multimedia (Video, Sound, Text, Graphics) Single terminal - mobile, office & domestic

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

Options for the Support of Mobile Data


GPRS - General Packet Radio Service HSCSD - High Speed Circuit Switched Data UMTS - Universal Mobile Telecommunications System

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin

GPRS vs UMTS
Complementary, NOT competing technologies GPRS will be a stepping stone to a UMTS Operators can reuse GPRS infrastructure in UMTS

Echo Broadband proprietary

Prepared by :- Kiran and Bipin