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TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

Prepared by: NURFAZILAH BINTI MAT SALLEH POLITEKNIK MUKAH SARAWAK

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
Traffic management is a process of adjusting or adapting the existing road network to improve traffic operations without major construction. Traffic management objectives may include:
Traffic efficiency
Road capacity

Improved environment amenity


Reduced noise

Enhanced access
Better access for particular group of road users
Pedestrians Bicyclists Freight vehicles

Road safety

These objectives may potentially be in conflict of each other, so priorities may have to be determined.

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PURPOSE .


The purpose of Traffic Management are:
Reduce the accident rate. Minimize collisions between vehicles pedestrians. Able to reach their destination safely Manage and control parking Traffic moving smoothly Identify the amount and traffic signs
and

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES.


There are 4 techniques of traffic management:
Physical management of the road system Instruct form and traffic regulation management. Management of information to road users Management of payment for traffic facilities.

PHYSICAL MANAGEMENT OF THE ROAD SYSTEM


PHYSICAL MANAGEMENT OF THE ROAD SYSTEM ARE:

Separation of traffic flow Junction improvement Geometry repair local area Physical detention traffic flow Changes in height, surface texture and alignment for traffic control purposes. Introduction of traffic coordination control phase Modification of traffic signs and road marking. Provision of public transport Improvements and landscaping and road equipment. Control of parking areas Metered ramp.

INSTRUCT FORM AND TRAFFIC REGULATION MANAGEMENT.


INSTRUCT FORM AND TRAFFIC REGULATION MANAGEMENT ARE:
Traffic control Turning movement barriers One-way street Limiting vehicle speed Tidal flow method Road markings.

MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION TO ROAD USERS


MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION TO ROAD USERS ARE:
Traffic direction sign Control traffic route Campaign passenger vehicle program, reduce congestion and volume of vehicles on the road with the method:
Sharing vehicles Public transport priority.

MANAGEMENT OF PAYMENT FOR TRAFFIC FACILITIES.


MANAGEMENT OF PAYMENT FOR TRAFFIC FACILITIES ARE:
Parking Management Method of additional license Reward system path Appreciation siege Physical barrier

CAR PARK
The effects of parking on traffic flow:
To avoid disruption to the moving vehicle. Can reduce accidents Be used as a retention mechanism for consumers roads in congested areas. Can reduce pollution.

METHOD OF PREPARING INVENTORY OF CAR PARK AREA


Methods use for parking study:
Inventory of parking space Use placeholders in patrol car Use of parking space in the questionnaire Measure the volume Origin and destination

INVENTORY PREPARATION METHODS


Inventory preparation methods:
Data related to the space, location and a potentially bound to parking. Detailed study area with the mark in the form of maps / plans. Divides the study area into several areas according to the road. Parking spaces on a smaller scale or not gazetted should also be taken into account. Data relating to parking facilities that have registered are as follows:
The amount and length of the road. The amount of space available on the street somewhere. Bus and taxi stops, pedestrian crossings. Road management methods such as one-way streets, turn restrictions etc. The amount and types of traffic signs. Private streets. Vacant land, suitable derelict parking space.

CAR PARK LOCATIONS


The location of the car park:
Easy in and out of the vehicle. Safe travel for pedestrians to and from the parking. Parking should be distributed in a suitable area to reduce the walking distance. Congestion rate and minimal interference with traffic on surrounding streets.

Contd
Benefits of parking space availability:
To avoid disruption to the moving vehicle. Can reduce accidents Be used as a retention mechanism for the use of roads in congested areas. Can reduce pollution.

TYPES OF PARKING SPACE


Types of parking space.
Parking meter - meter zone of having all parking is prohibited except in lots marked. Tape parking - offering drivers free parking along the road which is not marked on time, display the windscreen tape, the tape shows the compassion and time to leave the car park. Off-street parking - Car space parked in the open area. Parking in the building

CAR PARK AREA CONTROL METHODS


Control of parking area is made with:
Limitation Parking meter Car park Tape

LIMITATION
Limitation
Usually provided in areas frequented as a shopping center. Some areas can park at the curb but not during peak hours. But these methods have difficulty in enforcement and expenses. Therefore, the need of attendants to record the times.

PARKING METER
Parking Meter
Widely used in areas with high traffic. There are a good number of parking meters: Parking areas clearly marked and drivers will continue to monitor that it will not put the car in other places. Parking easily adjusted. Time for car parking will be reduced Payment for parking street tape encourage private enterprise to finance and provide off-road parking.

CAR PARK TAPE


Car Park Tape
Offer drivers free parking along the road that is not marked on time, bring up the tape in the car mirror, tape shows the arrival time and the time to leave the car park. There are some disadvantages of this system are:
No results were released. Traffic wardens are needed to control. Drivers coming from outside the area have difficulty in obtaining tapes parking.

PARKING CONTROL
Parking control
Raising parking fees with high levels (using public transport, walking distance to avoid high fees - to avoid congestion). Prevent the placement of the car for a long time. (must include all of the parking spaces, whether private / handled by the authorities - can reduce the private entrance to the city center. Limiting parking space to selected persons. (for those who live or work in the area)

ACCIDENT
Road accident is a disaster happening every day in our country, especially during festive seasons or holidays. There are three main factors contributing to the accident, namely: Human Careless attitude / not responsible Not comply with the regulations set age The road condition Slippery road conditions, narrow Inappropriate road design, especially at the corners Vehicle Conditions smooth tires brake wear vehicle modifications

Contd
Traffic management can minimize the road accidents by:
Held a toll system at the entrance to the city. Prohibit parking on the streets critical areas Build a pedestrian bridge and build a fence in the middle of the road under bridge so pedestrians are forced to use overhead bridges Widening of the critical path Organize car sharing program Hold a parking zone in the city's central coast and at the foot of the street. Provide a 'zebra crossing' if it is at the crossroads and made 'sharp corner' at the junction. Ban on heavy vehicles through the City Hold time zone.

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