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Acids and Bases

Topic: Acids/Bases
What are 4 properties of acids? What are 3 properties of bases? What is the pH scale? What do the numbers on the pH scale mean? What are some everyday uses of acids and bases?

NOTES

2-3 sentence summary

What is an Acid?
An acid is a substance that tastes sour, reacts with metals and carbonates, and turns blue litmus paper red.
An acid is any substance that produces hydrogen ions (H+) in water.

Topic: Acids/Bases
What are 4 properties of acids? What are 3 properties of bases? What is the pH scale? What do the numbers on the pH scale mean? What are some everyday uses of acids and bases?

NOTES
Acids taste sour, react with metals and carbonates, and turn blue litmus paper red. (NEVER TASTE A CHEMICAL WITHOUT PERMISSION!!)

2-3 sentence summary

What is a Base?
A base is a substance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns red litmus paper blue. A base is any substance that produces hydroxide ions (OH) in water.

Topic: Acids/Bases
What are 4 properties of acids? What are 3 properties of bases? What is the pH scale? What do the numbers on the pH scale mean? What are some everyday uses of acids and bases?

NOTES
Acids taste sour, react with metals and carbonates, and turn blue litmus paper red. (NEVER TASTE A CHEMICAL WITHOUT PERMISSION!!) Bases taste bitter, feels slippery, and turns red litmus paper blue. (NEVER TASTE A CHEMICAL WITHOUT PERMISSION!!)

2-3 sentence summary

What is the pH scale?


Scientists use something called the pH scale to measure how acidic or basic a liquid is. The scale goes from 0 through 14. Distilled water is 7 (right in the middle neither an acid or a base). Acids are found between 0 and 7. Bases are found from 7 to 14.

Most acidic
Hydrochloric acid

Vinegar

Tomato

Milk Blood Soap

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Lemon

Apple
Banana

Water Baking soda


Ammonia Drain cleaner Most basic

Topic: Acids/Bases
What are 4 properties of acids?

NOTES
Acids taste sour, react with metals and carbonates, and turn blue litmus paper red. (NEVER TASTE A

CHEMICAL WITHOUT PERMISSION!!)


Bases taste bitter, feels slippery, and turns red What are 3 properties of bases? litmus paper blue. (NEVER TASTE A CHEMICAL WITHOUT PERMISSION!!)

What is the pH scale?


What do the numbers on the pH scale mean? What are some everyday uses of acids and bases?

It measures how acidic or basic a solution is.


The scale goes from 0 through 14. Acids are found between 0 and 7. Bases are found from 7 to 14.

2-3 sentence summary

Uses of Acids and Bases


Acids and bases have many uses around the home and in industry.
Acids: vitamin c, lemon juice Bases: baking soda, ammonia

Topic: Acids/Bases
What are 4 properties of acids?

NOTES
Acids taste sour, react with metals and carbonates, and turn blue litmus paper red. (NEVER TASTE A

CHEMICAL WITHOUT PERMISSION!!)


Bases taste bitter, feels slippery, and turns red What are 3 properties of bases? litmus paper blue. (NEVER TASTE A CHEMICAL WITHOUT PERMISSION!!)

What is the pH scale?


What do the numbers on the pH scale mean? What are some everyday uses of acids and bases?

It measures how acidic or basic a solution is.


The scale goes from 0 through 14. Acids are found between 0 and 7. Bases are found from 7 to 14.

Acids: vitamin c, lemon juice Bases: baking soda, ammonia

2-3 sentence summary

Science Quick Fact #23

Distilled water is water that has all of its impurities removed through distillation. Therefore, it will always have a pH level of 7 which is neutral.
Distillation involves boiling the water and recondensing the steam into a clean container, leaving most if not all solid contaminants behind.

Science Trivia
What word means: the thickness of a liquid and how slowly or quickly it will pour? A. Velocity B. Variety C. Viscosity D. Valencia E. Volume

Any Questions????
Lets Begin!

Todays Lab
One lab worksheet with columns that need to be filled out and questions to be answered. Stations that include
a liquid (do not spill, touch, taste, or smell) pH test strips pH scale color indicator on the side on the container blue and red litmus paper paper toweling

Procedure
You will work in groups of four You will rotate around the room to each station At each station you will put down a sheet of paper toweling One member will test the liquid with a pH test strip. One member will test the liquid using litmus paper One member will determine the pH number according to the pH scale and the test strip color One member will dispose of the used paper toweling and strips At the next station, you will follow the same steps, but rotate jobs as well. All lab questions need to be answered individually as homework.

pH Test: match strip color to side of tube ontainer


Litmus Paper Test: Blue Blue = BASE Blue Red = ACID Red Blue = BASE Red Red = ACID

Household Acids & Bases Lab


Solution Blue litmus Red litmus Universal Indicator pH

Vinegar
Ammonia Lemon juice Soft drink Drain cleaner Put drop onto plate. Add drop of indicator. Record. Rinse out plate at end Unplug pH probe When done.

Detergent
Baking soda Antacid (MoM)

of period please

REVIEW
Is vinegar an acid or a base? Baking soda? What about lemon juice? HCl? NaOH? What is neutral (number and liquid?) What do we use to test acidity? What scale do we use? Red strip turning blue means what?

Acid Rain: The Photo Story

Chemicals into the air

chemicals + sun + water vapor = acid!

Acid Rain

After the rain

Why more acid rain here?

pH tolerance levels of freshwater animals

The result

Acid eroding rock

Erosion of limestone and marble buildings and statues

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