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ADOLESCENT HEALTH

VIPIN.S

DEFINITION OF ADOLESCENCE
Adolescence is a transitional stage of physical and mental development that occurs between childhood and adulthood. WHO : period of life between 10 and 19 years.

PUBERTY
Puberty is the stage of the lifespan in which a child develops secondary sex characteristics.
The average age for girls:- 10-12 The average age for boys 12-14.

ADOLESCENT HEALTH
Nearly one-sixth of the world population are constituted by adolescents. Adolescent health is therefore an important component of global health. Vulnerable group.

ADOLESCENT NUTRITION
Nutritional health during adolescence - important for supporting the growing body -for preventing future health problems.

NUTRITION..
Increased nutritional needs
Calories : boys- 2500-2800 Calories /day girls- 2200 Calories/day Protein- 45-60g Calcium- 1200 mg/day Iron boys- 12 mg/day 15 mg/day

KISHORI SAKTI YOJNA ICDS


Adolescent girls 11-18 years.
500 Calories + 20-25 g protein

PROBLEMSADOLESCENT NUTRITION
Changing lifestyle Skipping breakfast Dining outside often

Fast foods and junk foods

PROBLEMS(continued)
All over the world, adolescent obesity is on the rise. has led to an increase in obesity-related diseases diabetes&heart disease

REPRODUCTIVE & SEXUAL HEALTH problems


STI Emotinal distress:sexual abuse or exploitation. Unwanted Pregnancy failure or non use of contraceptives Criminal abortions Menstrual disorders

STI
Awareness about STI is essential Girls- Chlamydia , Neisseria gonorrhoeae, syphilis, HSV,

Trichomonas vaginalis
Complication : PID Infertility Boys- urethritis . HIV awareness too is needed

PROTECTION-LEGAL ASPECTS
Age of consent to sexual activity -16 years -reduces the incidence of *STI *teenage pregnancy * sexual abuse&exploitation Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989 (children defined as under 18)against unchecked child labour, child prostitution and pornography.

PROTECTION OF ADOLESCENTS
STI & HIV prevention and pregnancy prevention information Encouraging health care providers to make their

services youth friendly

ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY HEALTH SERVICES (AFHS)

ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY HEALTH SERVICES


WHO consultation 2001- AFHS piloting under Adolescent District Health Project Target population- young people Key elements: Confidentiality Flexibility Well staffed Information Partnershipapproach

ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY
Role of family and environment pivotal in Character and personality building
Cognitive emotional and attitudinal changes

Seek Individuality Attention and Independence


Peer groups more influential Peer pressure- addictions antisocial activities

MENTAL DISORDERS
Conduct and behavioural disorders Learning disorders Anxiety disorders Teen depression Juvenile delinquency Adjustment problems

DELINQUENCY PREVENTION
Broad term for all efforts aimed at preventing youth from becoming involved in criminal, or other antisocial, activity. CHILD GUIDANCE CLINIC Prevention services include activities :substance abuse education and treatment, family counseling, youth mentoring, parenting education, educational support, and youth sheltering.

ADOLESCENT COUNSELING
School Avoidance Separation Anxiety Coping With Chronic Illness Building Social Competence Managing Powerful Peer Personalities Minimizing Family Conflict Working Through Divorce & Separation Avoiding Drug & Alcohol Use Transitioning - High School to College Accepting Imperfection Building Friendships

THANK YOU!