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UMTS Radio Network KPI

ZTE University

Content

KPI Classification RAN KPI Definition and Measurement KPI Optimization KPI monitor KPI Case study

KPI Overview
NetNumenM31 (RAN) Mobile Network Element Management System is ZTE Element Management System of operation and management for one or more NEs. (FM, PM, CM) Performance Monitor (according to the importance and usage):

KPI PI: Performance Indicator SPI: statistical performance indicator: with statistical rule such as call completion rate>95%. Customized performance index Performance management Fault Management Configuration Management

EMS KPI Monitor Tools:


RAN KPI Category


Capacity Class CS Capacity PS Capacity Cell UL Load Factor Block Call rate Coverage Class Mobility Class RNC Soft Handover Success rate Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Success rate Inter-RAT Hard Handover Success rate (CS domain and PS domain)

Coverage Probability

Resource Usage Class Trouble Cell rate Busy Cell rate Sleeping Cell rate

RAN KPI Class

QoS Class RRC Establishment success rate RAB Establishment success rate Radio Access Success Rate Call drop rate Average UL/DL Throughput RTT Ping with 32 Bytes

Content

KPI Classification RAN KPI Definition and Measurement KPI Optimization KPI monitor KPI Case study

Coverage Probability
Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period
Statistic AreaClutter-wise Indoor or OutdoorBOTH Measurement MethodsDT or CQT Index MeaningThe coverage probability reflects the RF coverage strength and RF signal quality.

Coverage Probability
Indicator Description Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Downlink: F=RSCP > R & Ec/Io > S

Uplink: TxPwr < T

Coverage Probability is defined as the percentage of the samples whose F=1 for all the measured samples
(NoteUnreasonable samples are not included

R and S are different for different services

RRC Establishment Success Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period :15 Mins, 30 Mins,1 Hour. 1Day. Statistic Area cell-wise Indoor or OutdoorBOTH

Measurement Methodcalculate based on the OMC Counters value


Indicator Meaningthis indicator reflects the accessibility of the Cell

RRC Establishment Success Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

RRC Establishment Success Rate


RRC Connection Setup Complete Times /RRC Connection Request Times100%

RRC Establishment Success Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

UE
RRC Connection Request RRC Connection Setup RRC Connection Complete

RNC

CN
RRC Connection Setup Request Times
RRC Connection Setup Complete Times

DT Message Exchange RAB Assignment Request Radio Bearer Setup Radio Bearer Setup Complete RAB Assignment Response Established

RAB Establishment Success Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period : 15 Mins, 30 Mins,1 Hour. 1 Day. Statistic Area: RNC & Cell-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement Method: calculate based on the OMC Counters value Indicator Meaning: RAB assignment is the last step of the service connection. If it is successfully assigned, the connection to the User Panel is Successfully Setup

RAB Establishment Success Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

RAB Establishment Success rate

CS RAB Assignment Success Times +PS RAB Assignment Success Times /(CS RAB Assignment Request Times PS RAB Assignment Request Times100%

RAB Establishment Success Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

UE
RRC Connection Request RRC Connection Setup RRC Connection Complete

RNC

CN

DT Message Exchange

RAB Assignment Request Times

RAB Assignment Request Radio Bearer Setup Radio Bearer Setup Complete Established

RAB Assignment Success Times


RAB Assignment Response

RAB Establishment Success Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

CS RAB Establishment Success rate PS RAB Establishment Success rate AMR RAB Establishment Success rate CS C 64/64 RAB Establishment Success rate PS I 64/64 RAB Establishment Success rate PS I 64/128 RAB Establishment Success rate PS I 64/384 RAB Establishment Success rate

Radio Access Success Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15 Mins, 30 Mins, 1 Hour. 1 Day. Statistic Area: Cell-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement Method: calculate based on the OMC counters value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the accessibility of the service of the Cell

Radio Access Success Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

Call Setup Success Rate RRC Establishment Success Rate (Service Related) RAB Establishment Success rate100%

Radio Access Success Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

UE
RRC Connection Request RRC Connection Setup RRC Connection Complete

RNC

CN

RRC Establishment Success Rate

DT Message Exchange RAB Assignment Request Radio Bearer Setup Radio Bearer Setup Complete RAB Assignment Response Established

RAB Establishment Success Rate

Radio Access Success Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

AMR Call Setup Success rate CS C 64/64 Call Setup Success rate PS I 64/64 Call Setup Success rate PS I 64/128 Call Setup Success rate PS I 64/384 Call Setup Success rate PS S 64/64 Call Setup Success rate

Call Drop Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15 Mins, 30 Mins, 1 Hour. 1Day.

Statistic Area: RNC & Cell-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH


Measurement Method: calculate based on the OMC Counters value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the Retainability of the network, it is one of the most important indicators of the customers experience.

Call Drop Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

Call Drop Rate RNC Triggered CS RAB Release Number RNC Triggered PS RAB Release Number /(Total RAB Release number for CS + Total RAB Release number for PS) 100%

Call Drop Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

RNC Triggered RAB Release Times


RNC RAB RELEASE REQUEST CN

Call Drop Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

CS Call Drop rate PS Call Drop rate AMR Call Drop rate CS C 64/64 Call Drop rate PS 64/64 Call Drop rate PS 64/128 Call Drop rate PS 64/384 Call Drop rate

Call Blocking Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15 Mins, 30 Mins, 1 Hour. 1Day

Statistic Area: Cell-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH


Measurement Method: calculate based on the OMC Counters value Indicator Meaning: Rate of blocked calls due to resource shortage. This index partially reflects the degree of congestion in the cell.

Call Blocking Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

Call Blocking Rate

The number of blocked calls / The number of call admission requests Times100%

Soft Handover Success Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15 Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour. 1Day Statistic Area: RNC-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement Method: calculate based on the OMC counters value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the soft handover mobility in the RNC control area.

Soft Handover Success Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

Soft Handover Success Rate


Soft Handover Attempted Times Soft Handover Failure Times /Soft Handover Attempted Times100%

Soft Handover Success Rate


Indicator Description
UE

Indicator Definition
Success flow

Signaling Flow
UTRAN

Indicator Extension

ACTIVE SET UPDATE A ACTIVE SET UPDATE COMPLETE B


Failure Flow

Soft Handover Attempted Times

UE

UTRAN

ACTIVE SET UPDATE A ACTIVE SET UPDATE FAILURE B

Soft Handover Failure Times.

Soft Handover Success Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Configuration unsupported failure caused handover failure rate Physical channel failure caused handover failure rate Incompatible simultaneous reconfiguration caused handover failure rate Protocol error caused handover failure rate Cell update occurred caused handover failure rate Invalid configuration caused handover failure rate No reply caused handover failure rate

Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Success Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour. 1Day Statistic Area: cell-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement Method: calculate based on the OMC counters value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the hard handover mobility in the RNC control area.

Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Success Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Success Rate

Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Attempted Times Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Failure Times / Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Attempted Times 100%

Inter-Frequency Hard Handover should Include Intra-RNC Hard Handover and Inter-RNC Hard Handover

Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Success Rate


Indicator Description
UE

Indicator Definition
Success Flow

Signaling Flow
SRNC

Indicator Extension

PHYSICAL CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION

Inter-frequency hard handover Attempted times

Intra-RNC Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Flow

PHYSICAL CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION COMPLETE

UE

Failure Flow

SRNC

PHYSICAL CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION

PHYSICAL CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION FAILURE

Inter-frequency hard handover failure times

Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Success Rate


UE Node B
Drift RNS

Node B
Serving RNS

Drift RNC

Serving RNC MSC/SGSN


Decision to execute Hard Handover

[A1] [A2]
RANAP

Relocation Required RANAP RANAP RANAP

Relocation Request

Inter-RNC Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Flow

Radio Link Setup NBAP NBAP Radio Link Setup Response NBAP NBAP RANAP Relocation Request Ack. RANAP Relocation Command RANAP RANAP RRC

RRC NBAP

Physical Channel Reconfiguration Radio Link Restore Indication NBAP RANAP

Sent from SRNC


RANAP

Relocation Detect

RRC

Physical Channel Reconfiguration Complete

RRC

[B2]
RANAP RRC RRC UE Mobility Information UE Mobility Information CONFIRM RRC RRC

Relocation Complete

RANAP

Feedback to DRNC

[B1]

Iu Release Command RANAP RANAP Iu Release Complete RANAP RANAP NBAP NBAP

NBAP NBAP

Radio Link Deletion Request Radio Link Deletion Response

Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Success Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Configuration unsupported caused intra-NodeB inter-frequency hard handover failure rate Configuration unsupported caused intra-RNC inter-frequency hard handover failure rate Configuration unsupported caused inter-RNC inter-frequency hard handover failure rate Physical channel failure caused intra-NodeB inter-frequency hard handover failure rate Physical channel failure caused intra-RNC inter-frequency hard handover failure rate Physical channel failure caused inter-RNC inter-frequency hard handover failure rate

Inter-RAT CS Outgoing Handover Success rateUMTS->GSM


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour., 1Day Statistic Area: cell-wise or RNC-wise

Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement MethodCalculate based on OMC Counters value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the Inter-RAT CS handover mobility, the handover is from UMTS system to GSM system.

Inter-RAT CS Outgoing Handover Success RateUMTS->GSM


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

CS Inter-RAT Handover Success RateUMTS->GSM 1CS Inter-RAT Handover From UTRAN Failure Times /CS Inter-RAT Handover From UTRAN Required Times100%

Inter-RAT CS Outgoing Handover Success RateUMTS->GSM


Indicator Description
Success Flow UE RNC Relocation required
Handover from UTRAN command

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

CN

2GMSC

CS Inter-RAT Handover From UTRAN Required Times

Prepare handover Prepare handover response

Relocation command

Handover complete
UE UTRAN

Failure Flow

HANDOVER FROM UTRAN COMMAND

CS Inter-RAT Handover From UTRAN Failure Times, if the handover is failed, RNC will receive this message

HANDOVER FROM UTRAN FAILURE

Inter-RAT CS Outgoing Handover Success RateUMTS->GSM


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Configuration unsupported caused CS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate Physical channel failure caused CS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate Configuration incomplete caused CS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate Protocol error caused CS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate Cell update occurred caused CS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate Invalid configuration caused CS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate No reply caused CS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate

Inter-RAT PS Outgoing Handover Success RateUMTS->GPRS


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour. 1Day Statistic Area: cell-wise or RNC-wise

Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH


Measurement Method: calculate based on the OMC counters value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the Inter-RAT handover mobility, the handover is from UMTS system to GPRS system.

Inter-RAT PS Outgoing Handover Success RateUMTS->GPRS


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

PS Inter-RAT Handover Success RateUMTS->GPRS 1PS Inter-RAT Handover From UTRAN Failure Times /PS Inter-RAT Handover From UTRAN Required Times100%

Inter-RAT PS Outgoing Handover Success RateUMTS->GPRS


Indicator Description
Success Flow UE NODEB

Indicator Definition
RNC Iu Release Command

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

3G SGSN

Cell change order from UTRAN RL Del Req RL Del Resp

PS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN required Times


Iu Release Complete
UE

Failure Flow

UTRAN

PS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure times. If the RNC received this message, or response message of Iu Release Command is not received by RNC, it means the PS handover from UTRAN is failed.

CELL CHANGE ORDER FROM UTRAN

CELL CHANGE ORDER FROM UTRAN FAILURE

Inter-RAT outgoing PS Handover Success RateUMTS->GPRS


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

configuration unsupported caused PS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate physical channel failure caused PS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate configuration incomplete caused PS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate protocol error caused PS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate cell update occurred caused PS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate invalid configuration caused PS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate No reply caused PS Inter-RAT handover from UTRAN failure rate

Inter-RAT Incoming PS Handover Success RateGPRS->UMTS


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour., 1Day Statistic Area: cell-wise or RNC-wise

Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement MethodCalculate based on OMC Counters value

Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the Inter-RAT handover mobility, the handover is from GRRS system to UMTS system.

Inter-RAT Incoming PS Handover Success RateGPRS->UMTS


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

PS Inter-RAT Handover to UTRAN Success rateGPRS->UMTS PS Inter-RAT Handover to UTRAN Success Times /PS Inter-RAT Handover to UTRAN Attempted Times100%

Inter-RAT Incoming PS Handover Success Rate (GPRS->UMTS


Indicator Description
UE

Indicator Definition
Serving RNC

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

CN

1. UE initiated signaling connection establishment

The flow of PS Inter-RAT handover to UTRAN is similar to the PS setup flow on the UTRAN Side

2. Direct Transfer

3. Radio Access Bearer Establishment

RNC received message RRC Connection Requestfrom UE, the cause is Inter-RAT cell reselectioncan be used for calculating the PS Inter-RAT handover to UTRAN required timesRNC received message RRC Connection Complete (From UE) can be used for calculating the PS Inter-RAT handover to UTRAN success times

CS12.2K Service Access Time


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: Statistic Area: Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement MethodDT&CQT Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the integrity of CS 12.2K service. It is one of the most important indicators of the customers experience.

CS12.2K Service Access Time


Indicator Description Indicator Definition
Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

CS12.2K Service Access Time Average TCC Alert) T RRC Connection Request

CS12.2K Service Access Time


Indicator Description
UE

Indicator Definition
RNS

Signaling Flow
CN

Indicator Extension
Incoming CN

RRC Connection Request RRC Connection Setup RRC Connection Setup Complete CN Signaling Connection Process RRC DT(CM Service Request) Authority and Safe Mode Process RRC DT(Setup) RRC DT(Call Proceeding) RAB Assignment Process ISUP IAM CN Bear Setup Process ISUP ACM ISUP ANM

TRRC Connection Request

TCC Alert
RRC DT (Alert) RRC DT(Connect) RRC DT(Connect ACK)

Service data talking

CS64K Service Access Time


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: Statistic Area: Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement Method DT&CQT Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the integrity of CS 64K service. It is one of the most important indicators of the customers experience.

CS64K Service Access Time


Indicator Description Indicator Definition
Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

CS64K Service Access Time Average TRRC Request) TCM Service Request

CS64K Service Access Time


Indicator Description
UE

Indicator Definition
RNS

Signaling Flow
CN

Indicator Extension
Incoming CN

RRC Connection Request

RRC Connection Setup


RRC Connection Setup Complete

TRRC Connection Request

CN Signaling Connection Process RRC DT(CM Service Request) Authority and Safe Mode Process RRC DT (Setup) RRC DT (Call Proceeding) RAB Assignment Process ISUP IAM CN bear setup process ISUP ACM ISUP ANM

TCC Alert
RRC DT (Alert) RRC DT (Connect) RRC DT (Connect ACK)

Service data talking

PS Service Access Time


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: Statistic Area: Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement Method DT&CQT Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the integrity of PS service. It is one of the most important indicators of the customers experience.

PS Service Access Time


Indicator Description Indicator Definition
Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

PS Service Access Time Average T Active PDP Context Accept) T Activate PDP Context Request

PS Service Access Time


Indicator Description
UE

Indicator Definition
RNS

Signaling Flow
CN

Indicator Extension
Incoming CN

RRC Connection Request

RRC Connection Setup


RRC Connection Setup Complete CN Signaling Connection Process RRC DT(CM Service Request) Authority and Safe Mode Process RRC DT (Activate PDP Context Request ) RRC DT (Active PDP Context Accept ) RAB Assignment Process

Activate PDP Context Request

Active PDP Context Accept

ISUP IAM CN bear setup process ISUP ACM ISUP ANM

RRC DT (Alert) RRC DT (Connect) RRC DT (Connect ACK)

Service data talking

CS Service Traffic Erlang


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour., 1Day Statistic Area: cell-wise


Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement MethodCalculate based on OMC Counters value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the traffic Erlang of the CS conversation service

CS Service Traffic Erlang


Indicator Description Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

CS Call Duration TimeRadio Link Setup Response TimeRadio Link Deletion Response

CS Service Traffic ERLTotal CS Call Duration of a Certain Period/3600

CS Service Traffic Erlang


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

CS AMR Voice Service Traffic Erlang CS Video Phone Service Traffic Erlang

PS Service Throughput
Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour., 1Day Statistic Area: cell-wise


Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement MethodCalculate based on OMC Counters value

Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the total throughput of PS service

PS Service Throughput
Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

UL PS Service ThroughputRNC Received Total RLC PDU Bytes DL PS Service ThroughputRNC Sent Total RLC PDU Bytes
Including user dataRLC head dataretransfer datasignaling dataUnitKbytes

PS Service Throughput
Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

PS I 64/64 UL Throughput PS I 64/64 UL Throughput PS B 64/64 UL Throughput PS B 64/64 UL Throughput PS S 64/64 UL Throughput PS S 64/64 UL Throughput

UL Interference Load Factor


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour., 1Day Statistic Area: cell-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement Method: Calculate based on Measurement Report value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the cell average UL load factor in a defined period, it is calculated based on the RTWP value on a certain frequency.

UL Interference Load Factor


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

UL Interference Load Factor UL RTWP measurement valueN0 /UL RTWP measurement value100%

DL Power Load Factor


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour., 1Day Statistic Area: cell-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement Method: Calculate based on Measurement Report value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the cell average DL load degree in a defined period, it is calculated based on the base station Tx power.

DL Power Load Factor


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

DL Power Load Factor DL Average Transmitting Carrier Power/ Configured DL Maximal Transmitting Carrier Power100%

Trouble Cell Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour., 1Day Statistic Area: RNC-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement MethodCalculate based on OMC Counters value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the rate of dead cells to total cells, it is an assistant to analyze the QoS of whole network.

Trouble Cell Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

Trouble Cell Rate Trouble Cell Number/ Active Cell Number100%

Trouble Cell is the cell whose call drop rate >a or Radio Access Success rate <b

Busy Cell Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour., 1Day Statistic Area: RNC-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement MethodCalculate based on OMC Counters value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the rate of busy cells to total cells, it is an assistant to analyze the QoS of whole network.

Busy Cell Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition Signaling Flow Indicator Extension

Busy Cell rate


Busy Cell Number/Active Cell Number100

Busy cell is the cell whose DL Power Load factor >c or Code Resource Occupation Factor >d

Sleeping Cell Rate


Indicator Description

Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Statistic Period: 15Mins, 30Mins, 1Hour., 1Day Statistic Area: RNC-wise Indoor or Outdoor: BOTH Measurement MethodCalculate based on OMC Counters value Indicator Meaning: this indicator reflects the rate of idle cells to total cells, it is an assistant to analyze the QoS of whole network.

Sleeping Cell Rate


Indicator Description Indicator Definition

Signaling Flow

Indicator Extension

Sleeping Cell rate Sleeping Cell Number/Active Cell Mumber100%

Sleeping Cell is the cell whose DL power load factor <e

Content

KPI Classification RAN KPI Definition and Measurement KPI Optimization KPI monitor KPI Case study

EMS KPI Optimization Process

EMS KPI Optimization Process

Key KPIs Worth Your Attention


RRC Establis hment Success Rate Cell RAB Establishme nt Success Rate, CS domain Cell RAB Establishme nt Success Rate, PS domain Cell RAB Establish ment Success Rate Cell PS Call Drop Rate Cell Inter-RAT CS Outgoing Handover Success Rate(UMTS>GSM)

Radio Access Succes s Rate

Call Drop Rate Voice

Cell Success Rate of SHO

Radio Access Success Rate

Radio access success rate = RRC establishment success rate RAB establishment success rate This formula indicates that RRC establishment rate and RAB establishment rate need to be considered in the background statistics. RRC establishment success rate = Number of successful RRC connection setup times of each cell / Number of RRC connection request times of each cell 100 Note: related with services (RRC connection) RAB establishment success rate = Number of successful RAB establishment times / Number of RAB establishment attempts 100% RAB establishment success rate is categorized by service.

Access Success Rate Analysis Process

Access Failure Caused by RAB Establishment Failure

There are two restraints in RAB establishment process. One is RB establishment which is the UE configuration process (usually no problems occur in this process); and the other is radio link re-configuration process in which NodeB links are configured. Failures often occur in the latter process. The usual causes for these failures include radio link re-configuration preparation failure (it occurs when problems occur in NodeB resources.), and radio link re-configuration cancellation (it occurs when problems occur in RNC internal resources or process). Another factor may also cause RAB failures, that is, when the load of a cell is relatively heavy, RNC sends out a reject command via admission control.

Call Drop Optimization

Handover Success Rate Optimization

Factors affecting handover success rate

Handover area is too small, so that UEs have not enough time to complete handover. Handover parameters are wrongly set, so that neighbor cells cannot be added or deleted timely, or causing ping-pong handover. Neighbor cells are not configured. This may cause damage to the network, not only directly causing call drop, but also brings extra interference towards the network.

Content

KPI Classification RAN KPI Definition and Measurement KPI Optimization KPI monitor KPI Case study

Resource KPI monitor

One reason for resource limitation is number of 3G user increase, and operator changing fee decrease also lead to the increase of average erlang. The other reason is the strategy for design is focus on user feeling and KPI but not system capacity. For example HK user average Erl could be up to 0.5E.

Resource KPI monitor

Single user erlang could be 0.45erl on BH

Resource KPI monitor

Resource KPI and threshold. Resource KPI mainly include DL power, UL capacity, code resource and CE resource.
Resource Type KPI id and name threshold C301320150 Number of rejected services,DCH downlink TCP limit 50 TCP

PI30167 Average non-HSDPA TCP


PI30092 Maximum Cell TCP (%) PI30093 Average Cell TCP PI30029 Handover Blocking Rate KPI RTWPin busy hour C301320153 Number of rejected services, DCH no code PI30205 Average Cell HSUPA Users PI30172 Cell Average HSDPA Users PI301830006 Maximum use Ratio of Uplink NodeB CE

40%
100% 70% 0.5% -98dBm 50 12 16 60%

UL Traffic

Code

CE

PI301830010 Maximum use Ratio of Downlink NodeB CE

60%

Resource KPI monitor

Related KPI

DL power monitor

RNC TCP limitation with CS call drop


RNC Call Drop Rate,CS Traffic Volume, CS AMR(Erl) Number of rejected services,DCH downlink TCP limit 01:00:00 1.24% 851.54 56 02:00:00 1.07% 481.2097 22 03:00:00 1.09% 253.1742 12 04:00:00 0.70% 134.0175 5 05:00:00 0.61% 84.9817 11 06:00:00 0.54% 66.0458 11 07:00:00 0.64% 102.6633 31 08:00:00 1.06% 259.94 235 09:00:00 1.31% 658.3644 2262 10:00:00 1.11% 1242.4528 1875 11:00:00 0.91% 1798.6944 3261 12:00:00 1.04% 2266.3008 7064 13:00:00 1.09% 2629.905 8398 14:00:00 0.99% 2488.7411 3719 15:00:00 1.05% 2494.8219 7936 16:00:00 1.05% 2598.1903 10515 17:00:00 1.16% 2762.4531 11489 18:00:00 1.20% 2930.3844 9926 19:00:00 1.45% 3336.4133 22875 20:00:00 1.29% 2674.1925 5196 21:00:00 1.04% 1946.7989 1288 22:00:00 1.13% 1858.4106 616 23:00:00 1.32% 1818.2567 575 00:00:00 1.35% 1445.835 216

2009-06-09 00:00:00 01:00:00 02:00:00 03:00:00 04:00:00 05:00:00 06:00:00 07:00:00 08:00:00 09:00:00 10:00:00 11:00:00 12:00:00 13:00:00 14:00:00 15:00:00 16:00:00 17:00:00 18:00:00 19:00:00 20:00:00 21:00:00 22:00:00 23:00:00

DL power monitor

Modify reserve HSDPA power according to system algorithm. MinHsdpaPowerMinHspaPwrRto+NoHsPower >Node B admission thresholdMinHsdpaPower stands for HSDPA reserved power DL congestion control will start (downgrade DL DCH rate) MinHspaPwrRto default value is 20%.
Number of rejected services,Handover 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 -500 0:0 1:0 2:0 3:0 4:0 5:0 6:0 7:0 8:0 9:0 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 19: 20: 21: 22: 23: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 22 99 556649108471821954108121201760 66 9 19 13 0 6 28 113187252 95 214261285367643 86 10 11 4 3

2009-6-12 6 2009-6-17 0

DL power monitor

Because high load cell often be with high admission failure, normally we should fast downgrade to release radio resource ASAP. Avoid handover user could not handover in the cell then call dropped.(this action is only take effect in cell with much more PS users, if all users in the cell is in CS service. It will not take effect).
Abbreviated Name UlDnMaxStg DlDnMaxStg Parameter name Maximum Number of Degraded Uplink Load Steps Every Time Maximum Number of Degraded Downlink Load Steps Every Time Range Current Update and Step Value value [1, 8] [1, 8] 1 1 2 3 remark Downgrade from 384kbps to 16kbps Downgrade from 384kbps to 8kbps

DL power monitor

Through decrease DL Eb/No could lead to reduced congestion. While we need detailed evaluation to avoid some other bad effect. Table showed record for the modification, and can be consider as the reference. ZTE engineering experience showed downgrade Eb/No for 13.6K signaling channel could reduce TCP limitation effectively, while the performance of access will not be affect so much.
Parameter Current Update Modify remark name Value value purpose Downlink B class parameterservice related parameter, Reduce TCP 7.5 5.1 Traffic Eb/No modify 13.6K signaling only (service class 5) Limit

Abbreviated Name DlEbNo

UL capacity monitor

Call drop rate increasing not means UL capacity limitation, but call drop increasing is the most common scene for limitation. Because call drop rate is most cared KPI, and be observed every day.

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Cell Call Drop Rate,CS1

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UL capacity monitor

RTWP increasing is the most directly representation for UL limitation, while sometimes reason for RTWP increasing could be external interference. And its hard to eliminate this reason.

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UL capacity monitor

Erlang is determining factor for UL limitation either. There are many factors related to the erlang of a cell. Normally we should care for cell capacity, if erlang in a cell exceed 20 erlang in BH.

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Cell Traffic Volume, CS(Erl)1

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UL capacity monitor

UL Power control parameter modification. The quality of users will be down as a consequent of capacity increasing. Optimization will do trade-off between capacity and quality.

Abbreviated Name ULINITSIR

Parameter meaning

Modification object Uplink 3.4k/13.6k Signaling Uplink 12.2k AMR Uplink 3.4k/13.6k Signaling Uplink 12.2k AMR Uplink 3.4k/13.6k Signaling Uplink 12.2k AMR Uplink 3.4k/13.6k Signaling Uplink 12.2k AMR

Current new Value value 4-5 15 2/250 0.1 3.5 10 1/70 0.2

effect Obviously Obviously Obviously A few improvement

Uplink Initial SIR target (dB) Maximum Uplink SIR ULMAXSIR target (dB) B class BLER Period Factor / parameter Tolerance BLER Period UlSirTargDnS Uplink SIR Target Down tep Step Size (dB)

UL capacity monitor

Through UL power control parameter optimization we can improve RTWP increasing, but some cells will be in trouble for user increasing. And further modification to SIRtarget will affect subscriber feeling. For this case ZTE suggest to define another set of power control parameter which is special for these high load cells. The following table is comparison of parameters for special site and parameters for normal site.
SRVTYPE 0 104 28 50 54 ULINITSIR 3.5->1.5 4.0->2.0 3.5->1.5 6.0->2.0 6.0->2.0 ULMAXSIR 10.0->3.5 15.0->5.0 10.0->3.5 15.0->5.0 15.0->5.0 ULMINSIR 2.0->1.0 0.5->0 0.5->0 2.0->0 2.0->0

Code resource monitor

Through observing "Number of rejected services, DCH no code we could know cell is in code limitation. Also average code resource usage and HSDPA user number could be factor for determination and optimization. We could modify the code allocation to reduce code limitation. OcuRateNoHspdsch+OcuRateHspdsch+DpchCodeHy+32<=512 formula 1 OcuRateNoHspdsch+OcuRateHspdsch+CodeUptHyA>512 formula 2

OcuRateHspdsch is the number of code (SF=512) which is blocked by the code occupied by HS-PDSCH channel. OcuRateNoHspdsch is the number of code (SF=512) which is blocked by the code occupied by not HS-PDSCH channel. DpchCodeHy is the number of code (SF=512) reserved for DPCH channel. CodeUptHyA is the threshold to determine if we need decrease HS-PDSCH channel number.

When formula1 is fulfilled NO. of HS-PDSCH +1. When formula 2 is fulfilled NO. of HS-PDSCH -1.

Code resource monitor

To assure R99 user accessibility, the modification is apply.


Parameter name Range Current Update remark and Step Value value 16 16 28 28

Abbreviated Name DpchCodeHy CodeUptHyA

DPCH Code 0..512 Hysteresis


Code Update 0..512 Hysteresis A

To decrease the number of rejected services for DCH no code


To decrease the number of rejected services for DCH no code

Content

KPI Classification RAN KPI Definition and Measurement KPI Optimization KPI monitor KPI Case study

Case 1: TCP Congestion at Victory Park

Background

Victory Park more than 100,000 People Gathering Time is 20:00 June 4th Performance deteriorate for site VPK at Victory Park Call Drop Rate Increase Site VPK Transmission Code Power Congestion

KPI Indication

Case 1:Call Drop Rate & Number is high in VPK

Case 1:VPK Radio Access Rate and Rejected Services by TCP limit

Case 2: Wrong LAC Configuration

After the configuration data check, we found that there are several cells with a wrong LAC configuration. We need KPI monitor tools to give us an evidence. Use SAY Site as an example:

Number of attempted RRC Establishment is more than 100,000 times while only around 6,000 times for services.

Case 3High Call Drop Rate Due To The NSN Sites Interference

Background

After the KPI monitoring, we found the drop rate around Convention and Exhibition Center is quite high.

After the drive test and KPI analysis, we found the reason is that the NSN LUR site F1 is still open. After the site is turned off on 12th May the call drop rate decreased.

Case 3High Call Drop Rate Due To The NSN Sites Interference

Case 4: High Call Drop Rate due to Power Alarm

Site CTW has very high call drop rate. After checking the Fault management Alarm, there are a lot of board reboots alarm. After checking the NodeB, the reason for this alarm is nonsufficient power supply due to GSM, UMTS and NSN BTS in very narrow space with a temporary power solution. Three times Node B is out of service(198083023) during 15:00 to 16:00 on June 11th.

Case 4: High Call Drop Rate due to Power Alarm

Case 4: High Call Drop Rate due to Power Alarm

Case 5: Iub E1/T1 Bandwidth Limitation

Background:

After 80% NSN UMTS users are cut into the network on may 11th, subscriber number increased a lot

KPI Indication:

Cell RAB establishment success rate decreased a lot.


Capacity related. After checking the related configuration, Iub interface E1/T1 bandwidth limitation is a key reason for the problem. Decrease some of the cells Pilot Channel Power Increase Iub interface bandwidth

Analysis

Solution:

Case 5: Iub E1/T1 Bandwidth Limitation