Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 37

Topic : Handover Control

23 - Nov - 2009

I insert classification level 1 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Course objectives
Handover Type Intra-frequency Handover (SHO)
Event1A,B,C Event6F,G Individual Ncell Forbidden cell to reporting range Neighbour list

Inter-frequency/system Handover (IFHO/ISHO)


Event1E,F Compress Mode

Soc Classification level 2 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Handover Type
Intra Frequency Handover Softer Handover Handover between sectors of the same Node B No extra transmissions across Iub interface Soft Handover UE simultaneously connected to multiple cells (from different Node Bs) Extra transmission across Iub, more channel cards are needed Mobile Evaluated Handover (MEHO) Hard Handover Arises when inter-RNC is not possible (Iur not supported or Iur congestion) MEHO and RNC controlled Causes temporary disconnection of the (RT) user Inter Frequency Handover Can be intra-BS, intra-RNC, inter-RNC Network Evaluated Handover (NEHO) Inter-System Handover Handover between GSM and WCDMA (NEHO)

Soc Classification level 3 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover
Handover control supports the following measurement reporting events: Event 1A: adding cells to the active set

Event 1B: deleting cells from active set


Event 1C: replacing cells in the active set Event 6F & 6G: deleting cells from the active set Cell individual offsets for modifying measurement reporting behaviour (Disable) Mechanism for forbidding a neighbouring cell to affect the reporting range (Disable) Handover decision performed by RNC based on measurements and available resources

Admission control can reject the branch addition in case the maximum load is achieved in DL (threshold + offset), valid both for RT and NRT bitrates. Hard blocking may prevent branch addition (BTS/Transmission)

Soc Classification level 4 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event1A)


Reporting event 1A is controlled with the following parameters:
Active Set Weighting Coefficient (ActiveSetWeightingCoefficient = 0, use the best CPICH) Addition Time (AdditionTime = 40ms, internal value = 3) Addition Window (AdditionWindow = 6dB, internal value = 12) Reporting Interval (AdditionReportingInterval = 0.5s, internal value = 2) CPICH EcNo Offset (AdjsEcNoOffcet = 0) Maximum Active Set Size (MaxActiveSetSize = 3) Reporting event 1A is used for adding cells in the active set. The UE sends the event 1A-triggered measurement report when a cell enters the reporting range .

Soc Classification level 5 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event1A)

Soc Classification level 6 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event1A)


EcNo

Best active set 2nd best active set

Addition Window

Time Addition Time


Soc Classification level 7 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Addition Reporting Interval

Intra-frequency Handover (event1A)

Soc Classification level 8 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event1B)


Reporting event 1B is controlled with the following parameters: Active Set Weighting Coefficient (ActiveSetWeightingCoefficient = 0)

Drop Time (DropTime = 2560ms, internal value = 14)


Drop Window (DropWindow = 6dB, internal value = 12) CPICH Ec/No Offset (AdjsEcNoOffset = 0) Reporting event 1B is used for deleting cells in the active set. The UE sends the event 1B-triggered measurement report when a cell leaves the reporting range.

Soc Classification level 9 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event1B)

Soc Classification level 10 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event1B)


EcNo

Best active set 2nd best active set

Drop Window

Time Drop Time


Soc Classification level 11 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event1B)

Soc Classification level 12 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event1C)


Reporting event 1C is controlled with the following parameters: Maximum Active Set Size(MaxActiveSetSize= 3)

Replacement Time (Replacement Time = 100ms; internal value = 6)


Replacement Window (ReplacementWindow = 3dB, internal value = 6) CPICH Ec/No Offset (AdjsEcNoOffset = 0) Reporting event 1C is used for replacing cells in the active set. The UE sends the event 1C-triggered measurement report when the number of cells in the active set is equal to the Maximum Active Set Size (MaxActiveSetSize) parameter and a cell that is not included in the active set becomes better than a cell in the active set.

Soc Classification level 13 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event1C)

Soc Classification level 14 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event1C)


EcNo

Best active set 2nd best active set

One of monitor set

Replacement Window 3rd best active set

Time Replacement Time


Soc Classification level 15 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date

Replacement Reporting Interval

Intra-frequency Handover (event1C)

Soc Classification level 16 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (event6F & 6G)


UE RX-Tx time difference measurement is controlled with the following parameters: Upper Rx-Tx Time Difference Threshold (UpperRx Tx TimeDiff) determines the upper threshold which is used by the UE to trigger the reporting event 6F due to UE Rx-Tx time difference. Lower Rx-Tx Time Difference Threshold (LowerRx Tx TimeDiff) determines the lower threshold which is used by they UE to trigger the reporting event 6G due to UE Rx-Tx time difference. Estimation of these events: Based on UE Rx-Tx time diference Measurement configuration: 6F: UE Rx-Tx time differece threshold: (UpperRxTxTimeDiff = 1174chips) 6G: UE Rx-Tx time difference threshold: (LowerRxTxTimeDiff = 874chips)

Note: Some of UE not support event6

Soc Classification level 17 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Soc Classification level 18 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (Cell Individual Offset)


Individual Ncell Offset is controlled with the following parameters:
EcNo offset (AdjsEcNoffset = 0) Moves cell border (shrinks or enlarges cell) Offset applied to Primary CPICH measurement before event evaluation

Soc Classification level 19 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (Cell Individual Offset)


EcNo 1st AS

Reporting Range 2nd AS

3rd AS AdjsEcNoOffset

Time Event 1a
Soc Classification level 20 Nokia Siemens Networks

Event 1b

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (Forbidding Ncell)


The primary CPICH of certain cells can be forbidden from reporting range calculation in some instances.
Forbidding Neighbour Cell from Reporting Range: Forbidden cell (AdjsDERR = 0; disable)

Soc Classification level 21 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (Forbidding Ncell)


EcNo 1st AS

Reporting Range

2nd AS

3rd AS

Time

Soc Classification level 22 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (Neighbour List)

Soc Classification level 23 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Intra-frequency Handover (Neighbour List)

Soc Classification level 24 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Inter-frequency/system Handover (Process Flow)

Soc Classification level 25 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Inter-frequency/system Handover (Triggering points)

Soc Classification level 26 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Inter-system Handover (event1E/1F)


Event 1F is the triggering point to compress mode for the Inter-system handover procedure if all the active sets meet the threshold within the triggering time, and Event 1F will be cancelled from the compress mode by the Event 1E.
Event 1E parameters:

Triggering condition: Active set cells


Threshold used frequency (HHOEcNoCancel=-10dB/HHoRSCPCancel=-102dBm) Time to trigger (HHOEcNoCancelTime=1280ms/HHORSCPCancelTime=1280ms) Event 1F parameters: Triggering condition: Active set cells Threshold used frequency (HHOEcNoThreshold=-14dB/HHoRSCPThreshold=-105dBm) Time to trigger (HHOEcNoTimeHysteresis=640ms/HHORSCPTimeHysterisis=100ms)

Soc Classification level 27 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Inter-system Handover (event1E/1F)


Threshold

3rd AS

1st AS

Event 1e

2nd AS

Event 1f

Time HHOThresholdTime Hysterisis


Soc Classification level 28 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date

HHOThreshold CancelTime

Compress Mode
Radio path feature which enables UE to maintain the current connection on a certain frequency while performing measurements on another frequency.
Allow the UE to monitor neighbouring cells on another frequency (FDD) or system (RAT). Means that transmission and reception are halted for a short time (few miliseconds) to perform a measurement on another frequency or RAT.

The alternative methods of compress mode:


Halving the spreading factor This temporarily doubles the physical channel data rate in the radio channel. The same amount of data can be sent in half the time it would normally take. Halving does not affect the DCH user data rate.

Higher layer scheduling


Higher layer scheduling temporarily reduces the DCH user data rate in the radio channel by restricting the high bit rate transport format combinations (TFCs).

Soc Classification level 29 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Compress Mode (Measurement Gap)

Soc Classification level 30 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Inter-system Handover (RT)

Soc Classification level 31 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Inter-system Handover (RT)

Soc Classification level 32 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Inter-system Handover (RT)

Soc Classification level 33 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Inter-system Handover (NRT)

Soc Classification level 34 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Inter-system Handover (NRT)

Soc Classification level 35 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Inter-system handover control parameters (FMCG & HOPG)


GSMMeasRepInterval (Gui value = 0.5s, Internal value = 2)
Interval between measurement report which being sent to BTS GSMMinMeasInterval (Gui value = Internal value = 2s) Minimum measurement interval for next compressed mode GSMMeasAveWindw (Gui value = Internal value = 6) Measurement averaging window size

GSMMaxMeasPeriod (Gui value = Internal value = 18)


Maximum measurement period which determines the maximum allowed duration of the intersystem measurement AdjgRxLevMinHO (Gui value = -95dBm, Internal value = 10; internal value = gui value + 110)

Minimum required GSM RSSI level before the coverage (or quality) reason handover to GSM.

Soc Classification level 36 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

End
Soc Classification level 37 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date