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A PRESENTATION ON

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN SOLAR WATER HEATER BY P.C.M. MATERIAL

PRESENTED BY-AVES,VISHVESH

Abstract of Project:
The present work has been undertaken to study the feasibility of storing solar energy using Phase Change Materials (PCMs) and utilizing this energy to heat water for domestic purposes during nighttime The system consists of two simultaneously functioning heat-absorbing units. One of them is a solar water heater and the other a heat storage unit consisting of PCM (paraffin). The storage unit utilizes small cylinders, made of aluminum, filled with paraffin wax as the heat storage medium. It also consists of a Solar Collector to absorb solar heat. At the start of the day the storage unit is filled with water completely This water is made to circulate between the heating panel (Solar collector) and the PCMs. The water in the storage unit receives heat form the heating panel and transfers it to the PCM.

The PCM undergoes a phase change by absorbing latent heat, excess heat being stored as sensible heat.

And latent heat stored in P.C.M. is dissipate the energy whenever system wants during night times

Working principle of our project is working on Latent heat because continuously phase change occurs of Paraffin Wax.

Thermal Energy storage by P.C.M.Material (Paraffin Wax) :

Properties of Paraffin Wax :


White Odorless Test less Waxy solid with a typical melting point between about 47 C to 64 C ( 116.6F to 147.2F) having a density of around 0.9 g/cm3 It is insoluble in water Pure paraffin wax is an excellent electrical insulator

The PCM continues to absorb heat without a significant raise in temperature until
all the material is transformed to the liquid phase. When the ambient temperature around a liquid material falls, the PCM solidifies, releasing its stored latent heat. A large number of PCMs are available in any required temperature range from -5 up to 190oC .Within the human comfort range of 20 to 30C, some PCMs are very effective.

EVACUATED TUBE SOLAR WATER HEATER COLECTOR:

Main Components of ETC:


Evacuated glass tubes and Barium Getter Storage tank Mounting frame External water supply source

7) TOTAL WAX USED IN AL. PIPE=

Capacity :
1) VOLUME OF TANK = 2) VOLUME OF AL.PIPES = 3) CAPACITY OF TANK = 4) CAPACITY OF COLLECTOR = 5) CAPACITY OF COLD WATER TANK=

6) AMOUNT OF WAX USED =


7) TOTAL WAX USED IN AL. PIPE= 8) MAX. TEMP. ATTAINED =

WEIGHTS OF VARIOUS PARTS


WEIGHT OF AL PIPE = WEIGHT OF RUBBER END CAPS = WEIGHT OF FOAM PLATE = WEIGHT OF WAX IN EACH AL. PIPE =

WEIGHT OF TOTAL WAX USED =

Applications:

1) Domestic: Flats, Bungalows and Apartments.

2) Commercial: Hotels, Hospitals, Hostels and Dormitories.

3) Industrial: Process Industries, Preheating boiler feed water.

CONCLUSION:
1) Store latent heat unlike other solar heating system 2) Heat storage capacity is large 3) More hot water is obtained with same capacity 4) Constant hot water at 50 degree Celsius is obtained 5) No much variation in temperature is observed even when cold 6) It is more efficient than other system 4) It is more advantages where the space restriction limits larger thermal storage units water is added

in direct gain or sunspace passive solar system.

Design Modification in Hot Water Tank: