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PowerPoint Slides
to accompany

Electric Machinery
Sixth Edition

A.E. Fitzgerald Charles Kingsley, Jr. Stephen D. Umans

Chapter 9 Single- and Two-Phase Motors


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Schematic view of a single-phase induction motor.


Figure 9.1

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Torque-speed characteristic of a single-phase induction motor (a) on the basis of constant forward and backward flux waves, (b) taking into account changes in the flux waves.
Figure 9.2

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Split-phase motor: (a) connections, (b) phasor diagram at starting, and (c) typical torque-speed characteristic.
Figure 9.3

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Capacitor-start motor: (a) connections, (b) phasor diagram at starting, and (c) typical torque-speed characteristic.
Figure 9.4

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Permanent-split-capacitor motor and typical torquespeed characteristic.


Figure 9.6

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Capacitor-start, capacitor-run motor and typical torque-speed characteristic.


Figure 9.7

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Shaded-pole induction motor and typical torque-speed characteristic.


Figure 9.8

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Rotor punching for four-pole synchronous-reluctance motor and typical torque-speed characteristic.
Figure 9.9

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(a) General nature of the magnetic field in the air gap and rotor of a hysteresis motor; (b) idealized torque-speed characteristic.
Figure 9.10

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Equivalent circuits for a single-phase induction motor: (a) rotor blocked; (b) rotor blocked, showing effects of forward and backward fields; (c) running conditions.
Figure 9.11

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Single-phase equivalent circuits for a two-phase motor under unbalanced conditions: (a) forward field and (b) backward field.
Figure 9.12

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Synthesis of an unbalanced two-phase system from the sum of two balanced systems of opposite phase sequence.
Figure 9.13

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Resolution of unbalanced two-phase voltages into symmetrical components.


Figure 9.14

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MATLAB plot for Practice Problem 9.3.


Figure 9.15

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Schematic representation of a two-phase induction motor with an equivalent two-phase rotor.


Figure 9.16

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Permanent-split-capacitor induction-motor connections for Example 9.5.


Figure 9.17

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Time-averaged electromagnetic torque versus speed for the single-phase induction motor of Example 9.5.
Figure 9.18

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