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Introduction to Router & Initial Configurations

Lesson Objectives
Fundamentals concepts of Routers Router Memories and Boot sequence Interfaces of Router IOS modes of the router Initial configurations on Router in IPv6 domain

Router fundaments
The router is a device that inter connects different networks It comes from the word ROUTE A router accepts packets on at least two network interfaces and forwards packets from one interface to another. Router works at network layer. Each router maintains a database called routing table of the router

Router fundamentals
Router is like a PC and has
Mother board CPU Memory Ports & interfaces to hook peripherals


Access Layer : Small organization Ex:1600,1700,1800,2500 series Distribution Layer: Medium size organization ex: 2600,2800,3600,3700,3800 Core layer : Very large organizations and ISPs. ex:7200,7600,10000,12000

Cisco Router Memories

Memory Type RAM

Contents Active program & operating system instructions Running configuration files Routing tables Startup configuration files POST (Power-On-Self-Test) Startup/Power-up utilities IOS



Boot sequence
Power on self-test checks the hardware The ROM loads the bootstrap program and searches for the IOS IOS from flash is loaded The startup configuration is loaded from the NVRAM Boot process is completed as all the config files are loaded into the RAM

Interfaces of routers
LAN Interface to connect to the switch WAN Interface to connect to the next router (serial port) Administrative port (console port) Auxiliary port

1. User Mode: Router> Router is the default host name '>' symbol implies "user mode". This is the first mode user interacts with the IOS. It is a restricted mode and support only a very few basic commands.

2. Privilege Mode: Router# '#' symbol implies "Privilage Mode". This mode has full administrative rights. This mode is generally used for advanced troubleshooting using 'show' and 'debug' command.

3. Global Configuration mode: Router (config)# '(config)# symbol implies "global configuration mode". Configuration of the router starts from this mode configurations that affect the complete router are given. Example: host name of the router.

4. interface configuration mode: Router(config-if)# '(config-if)# symbol implies "interface configuration mode". This mode is used to configure a specific interface. 5. Line configuration mode: Router(config-line)# '(config-line)# symbol implies "Line configuration mode". This mode is used to configure telnet, console and auxiliary mode. 6. Router Mode: Router(config-router)# '(config-router)#'symbol implies "Router mode". This mode is used to configure different dynamic routing protocol.


M.DEVI PRASAD, JTO mdeviprasad@bsnl.co.in 9490118909