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Transient Analysis of the Integrated Shiraz Hybrid Solar Thermal Power Plant

Prepared: by Iman Niknia, Mahmood Yaghoubi2

Table of contents
Introduction Methodology Results Conclusion References


Fig 1- Shiraz Solar Thermal Power Plant (SSTPP)

Initial design of Shiraz Solar Thermal Power

Plant (SSTPP): 1. 250 kW power generation 2. 48 collectors 3. Three heat exchangers 4. Oil cycle 5. steam cycle

Fig 2

Parameters affecting the performance of SSTPP (Figure 3):

1. Environment ( Wind, Temperature and Solar

radiation) 2. System defects 3. Control philosophy

Mass flow rate of generated steam for 9 August 2009


mass flow rate kg/s

0.25000 0.20000 0.15000 0.10000 0.05000 0.00000 12:00:00








Time of the day

Experimental data

Fig 3- A sample of instability and fluctuation from experimental data

New design of the SSTPP:

1. A new 100 meter collector is designed 2. An Auxiliary boiler is integrated

3. New control philosophy is needed

For a detailed study of the overall system, a

fully transient simulation is needed. Such studies have been performed on different power plants.

In 2003 Yaghoubi et al performed a steady

simulation, Renewable Energy 28 (2003) . Garcia et al. (2009) performed a transient simulation for Nevada solar one power plant using Dinacet , , solar paces, Berlin, Germany 2009. Yao et al. (2009) performed a transient simulation on the pioneer 1MW solar thermal central receiver system in China and studied the system performance under different working conditions , Renewable Energy 34 (2009) .

Using Schwarzbozl STEC code, through

Fortran programming, transient simulation is performed. Different parameters are included. Temperature dependant properties are considered. New collector is integrated.

Evacuated tube of parabolic trough concentrating

collector are modelled based on Eq. (1) Q u=AC [FR()n It -FRULT] (1)
Qu = useful energy gain kJ/s It incident solar radiation kJ/s.m2 T= temperature difference K

A = area m2

()n = normal transmittance absorptance

FR =collector heat removal factor

Fig 4- Process flow diagram of the new designed system

Figure 5- A schematic image of the computer simulation for validation

Simulation method is validated with

experimental results.

Beam radiation w/m^2

800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 10:00 10:50 11:40 12:30 13:20 14:10 15:00 15:50

Fig 6-Radiation data for 22th of June 2009

Validated results
Collector field inlet oil temperature Collector field outlet oil temperature


Temperature K Temperature K

520 540 500 520 480 500 480 460

460 440 440 420 420 400 Time 400 11:00 11:30 12:00 12:30 13:00 13:30 14:00 14:30 15:00 15:30 11:00 11:30 12:00 12:30 13:00 13:30 14:00 14:30 15:00 15:30

Time Time Experimental measurments Experimental measurments

Modeling results Modeling results

Fig 7a- Collector field inlet oil temperature Fig 7b- Collector field outlet oil temperature

Transient simulation
Three different control philosophies are studied Daneshyar(1978) method is applied for

Radiation modeling Solar energy 21.

Sum of the Energy of the Generated Steam = hs*dm h = enthalpy m= mass flow rate kg/s
Table 1- Sum of the energy of the Generated Steam


Oil temperature entering the collector field 513 K

Total energy of the Generated Steam



498 K
483 K



Effect of new collector integration

steam temperature K

Table 2-Effect of collector integration method on generated steam

550 Method of integrating new collector 530

No integration

Integration with one heat exchanger

Sum of the energy +6.42761E+07 kJ +6.58755E+07 kJ of the generated 510 steam 10:0010:3011:0011:3012:0012:30 13:0013:3014:0014:3015:0015:30
Time Inlet Outlet

Fig 8-Inlet and outlet steam temperatures

A parametric study on the capacity of the

loops heat exchanger is also performed.

270 Maximum heat transfer rate kJ/s 250 230 210 190 170 150 0 5 10 15 20 25 Overall heat transfer coeficient kJ/sK 30

Fig 9-Maximum heat transfer rate versus over all heat transfer coefficient

Two major methods to increase the capacity

SSTPP are:
1. Increasing the temperature of the outlet steam 2. Increasing the mass flow rate of the outlet steam

The advantages of addition of an external loop:

1. Easy to install 2. Increases the generated power 3. Leaves the main system design intact

Application of numerical modelling in

1. Design procedure
2. Selecting most efficient Control philosophy 3. Investigating the designed systems performance

is investigated.


[1] M. Yaghoubi, K. Azizian, A. Kenary, Simulation of Shiraz solar power plant for Optimal assessment, Renewable Energy 28 (2003) 19851998 [2] P. Garcia, A. Mutuberria, J.Garca-Barberena, M. Sanchez, M.J. Blanco, C.
Lasheras, A. Padrs, J. Arraiza, Validation of DINACET computational scheme using Nevada solar one power plant data, solar paces, Berlin, Germany 2009

[3] Zh. Yao, Zh. Wang, Zh. Lu, Xiudong Wei, Modeling and simulation of the pioneer 1MW solar thermal central receiver system in China, Renewable Energy 34 (2009) 24372446 [4] P. Schwarzbzl, D. Zentrum, fr Luft und Raumfahrt e.V. (2006), A TRNSYS model library for solar thermal electric components (STEC), Reference manual release 3.0, D-51170 Kln, Germany, November 2006. [5] J.A.Duffie, W. A. Beckman (1991),Solar engineering of thermal processes, John Wiley & Sons. [6] M. Daneshyar (1978), Solar radiation statistics for Iran, Solar energy 21, pp 345-349.

Thank you for your attention.