Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 60

Agenda

1. Getting Started 2. Starting a Design 3. Architectural Modeling 4. Editing Tools 5. Managing Views 6. Dimensioning 7. Circulation Elements 8. Roofing Elements 9. Annotating and Detailing 10. Solar Study

1.GETTING STARTED

Getting Started
UNDERSTANDING INTERFACE Toolbar (Includes Tools for...) Standard Project Browser View Drawing Area Edit Status Bar Tools Option Bar Worksets Type Selector Design Options View Control Bar Design Bar Tab (Includes Commands for...) Basics View Modeling Drafting Rendering Site Massing Room and Area Structural Construction

Getting Started
STARTING A PROJECT Unlike CAD application, Revit Architecture does not use the term called FILE. Instead it uses PROJECT CREATING A PROJECT Click on file---New---Project In the New Project dialog, under Template File, browse to a template file (*.rte) , or select None to start the project from scratch. Revit Architecture includes a default template called default.rte, which contains several default settings to help you begin the design process immediately. You can open default.rte file as template, work in it. When you save your project, it is saved in (*.rvt) format. (*.rvt) indicates a project file. You can also create your own template with the desired settings and standards.

SETTING UP PROJECT UNITS If you haven't started your project with a template, the Select Initial Units dialog displays. Select the type of measurement to use for the project: Imperial or Metric. Click OK.

Getting Started
UNDERSTANDING REVIT ELEMENTS Revit Architecture uses three types of elements in a building model

Getting Started
To manage these above elements, REVIT Architecture classifies them further into, Category: A category is a group of elements that you use to model or document a building design. For example, categories of model elements include walls and beams. Family: Families are classes of elements in a category. For example, 'colonial door' could be considered one of the families within the category of doors. Type: Each family can have different types. For example, a table may be available in several sizes. Each size table is a different type within the same family. Instance: Instances are the actual items (individual elements) that are placed in the project and have specific locations in the building model. Each instance belongs to a family and, within that family, to a particular type.

Category: WALL Family: Structural Walls Types: 9 Brick Wall, 6 Concrete Wall, 12 Stone wall Instances in the project: 1 instance of 9 Brick wall 2 instances of 6 concrete wall 1 instance of 12 stone

2. STARTING A DESIGN

Starting a Design
There are different ways to begin an architectural design in REVIT Architecture. 1. Massing Studies: If you would like to begin your design by experimenting with forms & volumes, Massing tools will be very helpful. 2. Drawing a Layout: If you would like to design by sketching a layout(plan), 'Model lines/Detail lines' tools will be effective. 3. Importing CAD data: If you have already done a conceptual design in AutoCAD (or other CAD programs), then you can import a CAD file into REVIT. Keeping the CAD file as a reference, you can begin the REVIT model by using REVIT tools. 4. Building REVIT model: You can also begin to build a REVIT model with architectural components like walls, doors, windows, etc.

Starting a Design
1. Using Lines Sketch your initial layout using 'Model Line' tool. Model Lines are 2D lines which are visible in all views. This tool helps you sketch straight as well as different shapes of lines such as circles, arcs, polygons, etc. 2. Creating Levels Before beginning a Revit model, it is advisable to create the no of levels required in the project. Although, accuracy in the initial stage will help the project to shape better but it is not mandatory to be exact in your values. It is possible to modify the heights, add new levels or delete levels at a later stage also. 3. Creating Grid Lines Use the Grid tool to place structural grid lines in the building design. You can then add columns/structural components along the column grid lines.

3. ARCHITECTURAL MODELING

Architectural Modeling
1. Walls Walls are basic building components. You create a wall by drawing it in a plan view or a 3D view. (But it is always better and more accurate to draw in plan view). You can create a wall of your own specification, desired appearance and height. 2. Doors The best way to add a door in a Revit model is to add it in plan. Although, you can also add doors to walls in a plan, elevation, or 3D view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. 3. Windows

4. Components The Component command inserts free-standing components into a project. Such components can include furniture, site components, and plumbing supplies. 5. Floors You create floors by sketching them, either by picking walls or by using the Line tool. Typically, you sketch a floor in a plan view, although you can use also a 3D view, if required.

Architectural Modeling
6. Modify Properties The doors / windows / components in the library may not be of the size, color or type you wish to use in your project To make modifications in the existing family according to your needs, you shall create a new Type of element you wish to use.

4. Editing Tools

Editing Tools Align


1. Click-> Align (Keyboard Shortcut: AL) 2. The cursor appears with the align symbol. 3. When aligning walls, use the Prefer option to indicate how selected walls will be aligned: using Wall Faces, Wall Centerlines, Faces of Core, or Center of Core. (The core options refer to walls that have multiple layers.) 4. Select the reference element (the element to align other elements to). 5. Select one or more elements to align with the reference element. [Note: Before selecting, move the cursor over the element until the part of the element to align with the reference element is highlighted. Then click it. ] 6. To start a new alignment, press ESC once. 7. To exit the Align tool, press ESC twice.

Editing Tools Copy / Move


MOVE:The Move command, available on the Modify Panel, allows a precise placement. Procedure: 1. Select the elements to move. 2. Element's contextual tab will appear -> Modify panel -> Move. 3. On the Options Bar, click the desired options: 4. Click once to enter a start point for moving. 5. A preview image of the element appears. 6. Move the cursor in the direction that you want the element to move. 7. The cursor snaps to snap points. Dimensions appear as guides. 8. Click again to complete the move, or, for more precision, type a value for the distance to move the element and press ENTER

Editing Tools Copy / Move


Constrain: Click Constrain to restrict the movement of the element along horizontal / perpendicular / vertical to the element. Dis-join: Click Dis-join to break the association between the selection and other elements before moving. This option is useful, for example, when you want to move a wall that is joined to another wall. You can also use the Dis-join option to move a hosted element from its current host to a new host. For example, you can move a window from one wall to another wall. This feature works best when you clear the Constrain option.

Copy: Click Copy to move a copy of the element. The original element remains in place. When you select the Copy option, the Disjoin option becomes selected; you cannot clear it.
Multiple: Click Multiple to create multiple copies of an element every time you click in the drawing area. The option is available only when the Copy option is selected. (To exit the Multiple Copy function, press ESC.)

Editing Tools Copy / Move


COPY: The Copy command copies one or more selected elements and allows you to place copies in the drawing immediately. Procedure:

1. Select one or more elements in the drawing area. 2. Element's contextual tab will appear -> Modify panel -> Copy. 3. Click once in the drawing area to begin moving and copying the elements. 4. Move the cursor away from the original elements and toward the area where you want to place a copy. 5. Click to place the copy or enter a value for the temporary dimension. 6. Continue placing more elements, or press ESC to exit the Copy tool.

Editing Tools Split


Use the Split command to cut walls or lines at a selected point, or to remove segments between 2 points. Procedure:

1. Click Modify tab -> Edit panel -> Split.


2. If desired, select Delete Inner Segment on the Options Bar. When you select this option, Revit Architecture removes the segment of the wall or line between selected points. 3. Click the wall or line at the point you wish to split. If you selected Delete Inner Segment, click at another point to remove a segment.

Editing Tools Trim / Extend


Use the Trim and Extend tools to trim or extend one or more elements to a boundary defined by the same element type. You can also extend non-parallel elements to form a corner, or trim them to form a corner if they intersect. When you select an element to be trimmed, the cursor position indicates the part of the element to retain.

Note: In CAD software, after specifying a boundary, you select those parts of the object to trim which you do not want to retain. Here, it is exactly opposite.

Editing Tools Rotate


Use the Rotate command to rotate elements around an axis. Not all elements can rotate around any axis. For example, walls do not rotate in elevation views. Windows cannot rotate without their walls. After you rotate the element, Revit Architecture returns to Modify mode. Procedure: 1. Select one or more elements to rotate. 2. Element's contextual tab will appear -> Modify panel -> Rotate. 3. A center of rotation symbol appears at the center of the selected component.

Editing Tools
4. If desired, drag the center of rotation symbol to the new location. The symbol snaps to points and lines of interest, such as walls and the intersections of walls and lines. You can also drag it onto open space. 5. On the Options Bar, select any of the following options: Disjoin: Select Disjoin to break the connection between the selection and other elements before rotating. This option is useful, for example, when you want to rotate one wall that is joined to another wall. Copy: Select Copy to rotate a copy of the selection. The original remains in place. Angle: Specify the angle of rotation and press ENTER. Revit Architecture performs the rotation at the specified angle. Skip the remaining following steps, if you select this option. 6. Click to specify the first ray of rotation (Reference angle).

Editing Tools
7. A line displays to indicate the first ray. If the cursor snaps while specifying the first ray, the snap line will rotate with the preview box and snap to angles on the screen while placing the second ray.

8. Move the cursor to place the second ray of rotation. Another line displays to indicate the ray. A temporary angular dimension displays as you rotate, and a preview image shows the selection rotating.

Editing Tools
9. Click to place the second ray and finish rotating the selection. Alternatively, You can also rotate an element using listening dimensions. After you click to specify the first ray of rotation, the angular dimension displays in bold. Enter a value using the keyboard. 10. The selection rotates between the first and second rays. 11. Revit Architecture returns to the Modify tool with the rotated element still selected.

Editing Tools Array Linear Array


1. Select one or more elements to be copied in an array. 2. Element's contextual tab will appear -> Modify Panel -> Array. 3. On the Options Bar, click (Linear). 4. Select the desired options: Group And Associate: Includes each member of the array in a group. If not selected, Revit Architecture creates the specified number of copies and does not group them. Once placed, each copy acts independently of the others. Number: Specifies the total number of copies (of the selected elements) in the array.

Move To: 2nd: Specifies the spacing between each member of the array. Additional array members appear after the second member. Last: Specifies the entire span of the array. Array members are evenly spaced between the first member and the last member.
Constrain: Restricts movement of array members along vectors that run perpendicular or colinear to the selected elements.

Editing Tools Array


5. If you selected Move To 2nd, place array members as follows: Click in the drawing area to indicate a starting point for measuring. 6. Move the cursor the desired distance between members. As you move the cursor, a box appears to indicate the size of the selected elements. The box moves along snap points. A dimension appears between the first click location and the current cursor position. 7. Click again to place the second member, or type a dimension and press ENTER. 8. If you selected Move To Last, place array members as following procedure: a. Click in the drawing area to indicate a starting point. b. Move the cursor to the desired location for the last array member. As you move the cursor, a box appears to indicate the size of the selected elements. The box moves along snap points. A dimension appears between the first click location and the current cursor position.

Editing Tools Array


c. Click again to place the last member, or specify a dimension and press ENTER. d. If you selected Group and Associate on the Options Bar, a number box appears, indicating the number of copies to create in the array. If desired, change the number and press ENTER. e. Revit Architecture creates the specified number of copies of the selected elements, and places them using the appropriate spacing.

9. If you have selected Move to Second, palce array members as following procedure: a. Click in the drawing area to indicate a starting point. b. Move the cursor to the desired location for the second array member. As you move the cursor, a box appears to indicate the size of the selected elements. The box moves along snap points. A dimension appears between the first click location and the current cursor position

Editing Tools Radial Array


1. Select one or more elements to be copied in an array. 2. Element's contextual tab will appear -> Modify panel -> Array. 3. On the Options Bar, click (Radial). 4. Select the desired options from options bar as described above. When you create a radial array, the steps are similar to rotating a component and copying it. 5. Drag the center of rotation symbol to the desired location. 6. The array members will be placed around an arc measured from this point. In most instances, you want to drag the center of rotation symbol away from the center of the selected elements. The symbol snaps to points and lines of interest, such as walls and the intersections of walls and lines. You can also drag it onto open space. 7. Move the cursor to a position where the arc of the radial array will begin. (A line radiates from the center of rotation symbol to the cursor position.)

Editing Tools Radial Array


8. If you want to specify the angle of rotation (instead of drawing it), specify an Angle value on the Options Bar and press ENTER. Skip the remaining steps. 9. Click to position the first ray of rotation. If the cursor snaps while specifying the first ray, the snap line rotates along with the preview box and snaps to angles on the screen while placing the second ray.

10. Move the cursor to place the second ray of rotation. Another line appears to indicate the ray. A temporary angular dimension appears as you rotate, and a preview image shows the selection rotating. Click to place the second ray and finish the array.

Editing Tools Mirror


The Mirror tool mirrors (reverses the position of) a selected modelling component along the specified linear axis. Procedure: 1. Select the element to mirror. Note: You can not select inserts, such as doors and windows, without their hosts (walls). 2. Element's contextual tab will appear -> Modify panel -> Mirror drop-down -> Pick Mirror Axis or Draw Mirror Axis. To select the line that represents the mirror axis, select Pick Mirror Axis. Or to sketch a temporary mirror axis line, select Draw Mirror Axis. 3. The mirror cursor appears. 4. To move the selected item (rather than making a copy of it), clear Copy on the Options Bar. 5. Select or draw the line to use as a mirror axis.

Editing Tools Mirror


6. Revit Architecture moves or copies the selected element and reverses its position opposite the selected axis.

Editing Tools Group


Procedure:

1. In a project view, select the desired elements or existing groups you want in the group. 2. Click Multi-Select tab -> Create panel -> Create Group. Note: If you have only selected one element type, the respective Element's contextual tab will appear instead of the Multi-Select tab. 3. In the Create Group dialog, enter a name for the group. 4. Note the name of this dialog will vary depending on the types of elements you selected. 5. If you want to open the group in the group editor, select the Open in Group Editor option. 6. The group editor allows you to add or remove elements from a group, attach detail groups (for model groups), and view group properties. 7. Click OK.
After you create a group, you can find the same in Project Browser > Groups category > Model> Name of the group. You can drag the group from the project browser and drop it inside the project. You will notice the insertion point is the same where you placed the group symbol while creating the group

Editing Tools Pin / Unpin


Use the Pin tool to lock a modeling component in place. When you pin a modeling component, it cannot be moved. If you try to delete a pinned component, Revit Architecture warns you that the component is pinned 1. Select one or more components in your project. 2. Element's contextual tab will appear -> Modify panel -> Pin. 3. Revit Architecture displays a pushpin control near the component to indicate that it is pinned in place. To move or delete the component, you must first unlock it by clicking the pushpin control. Click the pushpin again to lock the component. You can select multiple elements and type PP for Pinning the position of those elements. For unlocking these elements, you can type UP for Unpinning the position.

Editing Tools Create Similar


Use the Create Similar command to place an element of the same type as the selected element. For example, when you right-click a door in a view and click Create Similar, the Door command becomes active with the selected door type already chosen in the Type Selector. The Create Similar command is available for most Revit Architecture elements. Procedure: 1. Select an element. 2. Element's contextual tab will appear -> Create panel -> Create Similar, or rightclick an element in the drawing area and click Create Similar on the shortcut menu. 3. Click in the drawing area to place the newly created instance in the desired location. Repeat as many times as needed. 4. To exit the Create Similar tool, press ESC twice.

5. Managing Views

Managing Views Creating Plans


Floor plan views are created automatically as you add new levels to your project. Although, when you uncheck the mark of make plan view on the options bar while creating the levels, Revit will not generate a floor plan. Also, when you copy or array the levels, floor plans wont be generated.

Creating Elevations
Elevation views are part of the default template in REVIT Architecture. When you create a project with the template, 4 elevation views are included: north, south, east, and west. You can also create additional exterior elevation views and interior elevation views.

Creating Sections
Section views cut through the model. You can draw them in plan, section, elevation, and detail views. Section views display as section representations in intersecting views. Open a plan, section, elevation, or detail view.

Managing Views Visibility Graphics


Visibility Graphics are similar to LAYERS in AutoCAD. The difference here is that in AutoCAD, we create layers as per our convenience and manage them. But in REVIT, these layers are automatically created and managed. They are organized as pre-defined element categories. This is done automatically by the software. No manual inputs are required to create these layers. The line-weights, line types and its on/off status, is predefined in the Visibility Graphics dialog box. You can override these as per our requirements of the project. Select a view > Right Click on its name in project browser and Go to its Properties > click on Edit of Visibility Graphics in the instance parameters of the properties > you shall see the visibility graphics dialog box as above.

Managing Views Visibility Graphics

6. Dimensioning

Dimensioning
Dimensions are view-specific elements that show sizes and distances in a project. There are 2 types of dimensions: Temporary and Permanent REVIT Architecture places temporary dimensions as you place components. You create permanent dimensions to define a particular size or distance.

Temporary Dimensions
After you place a component, REVIT Architecture displays the temporary dimensions. When you place another component, the temporary dimensions for the previous component disappear to reduce clutter To view the temporary dimensions of a component, click Modify and select the component. Remember, the temporary dimensions are to the nearest component, so the dimensions you see may be different from the original temporary dimensions. If there are dimensions you want to appear at all times, create permanent dimensions

Dimensioning Permanent Dimensions


A permanent dimension is a dimension that you specifically place.

The Dimension tool lets you place permanent dimensions on components in your project or family. You can choose from aligned, horizontal, vertical, angular, radial, or arc length permanent dimensions.
Permanent dimensions can appear in 2 different states: modifiable and nonmodifiable. You can modify a permanent dimension when the geometry that it references is selected. If the geometry that a permanent dimension references is not selected for modification, the dimension appears at its true size and is not available for modification. This is done to eliminate crowding of dimensions when they are not needed for modification. Note: Dimensions are like other annotation elements; they are view-specific. They do not appear in all other views automatically.

7. Circulation Elements

Circulation Elements Staircase


You create stairs in a plan view by defining the run of the stairs or by sketching riser lines and boundary lines. You can define straight runs, L-shaped runs with a platform, U-shaped stairs, and spiral stairs. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. The risers and runs update accordingly.

Circulation Elements Railing


You can add railings as free-standing components to levels, or attach them to hosts (such as floors, ramps, or stairs).

Circulation Elements Railing


Procedure: 1. Design Bar -> Click Modeling Tab -> Railing. 2. If you are not in a view where you can sketch a railing, you are prompted to pick a view. Select a view from the list, and click Open View. 3. To set the host for the railing, click Create Railing Path tab -> Tools panel -> Set Railing Host, and place the cursor near the host (for example, a floor or staircase). As you move the cursor, the appropriate hosts highlight. 4. Click on the host to select it. 5. Sketch the railing. Note: If you are adding a railing to a run of stairs, the railing must be sketched along the inside line of the stair stinger in order for the railing to host and slope correctly. 6. Click Create Railing Path tab -> Element panel -> Railing Properties to set the railing properties. 7. Click Finish Railing. 8. Change to a 3D view to see the railing.

Circulation Elements Ramp


Procedure: You construct ramps in a manner similar to stairs.You can create ramps in plan or 3D views. Procedure: 1. Design Bar -> Click Modeling Tab -> Ramp. REVIT Architecture enters sketch mode, and the Run tool is active. 2. Click Create Ramp Sketch tab-> Draw panel-> (Line) or (Center-ends Arc) tool. 3. Place the cursor in the drawing area, and drag to sketch the ramp run. 4. Click Finish Ramp.

8. Roofing Elements

Roofing Elements Ceiling


Procedure:

1. Open a Ceiling Plan view.


2. Design Bar -> Click Modeling Tab -> Ceiling. 3. Select the desired ceiling type from the Type Selector drop-down. 4. Click inside a room to place the ceiling. 5. A ceiling is displayed; you can modify it at any time.

Roofing Elements Roof


Roofs are components that define different types of roofs for the building design. Various types of roofs can be made in REVIT Architecture. There are three main methods of making Roofs: 1. Roof by Footprint

2. Roof by Extrusion
3. Roof by Face

9. Annotating and Detailing

Annotating and Detailing


1. 2. 3. 4. Text & Specifications Call out views Drafting Views Drafting Tools

10. Solar study, Camera and Walkthrough

Solar Study Orienting true north


Drafting conventions dictate that Project North is the top of the view. When producing solar studies, change the view orientation from Project North to True North to create accurate sunlight and shadow patterns for the project. (You must be in a 2D plan view to set the view orientation to True North.) After you change the view orientation to True North, you can rotate the project to True North in the view. To orient a project to True North In the Project Browser, open a 2D plan view of the project. Click View menu View Properties. TipYou can also right-click in the drawing area, and click View Properties to access the Element Properties dialog. In the Element Properties dialog, under Graphics, select True North for Orientation, and click OK. Click Tools menuProject Position/OrientationRotate True North. On the Options Bar, for Angle from Project to True North, enter a value to set the angle of rotation. For example, if the difference between Project North and True North is 45 degrees, enter 45. The project rotates in the view to the specified angle. Note: Settings for project location and orientation, including the angle from True North, are saved with the project, not the view.

Solar Study
To study the effect of light and shadow on a project, use 3D views of a building model. Typical plan views, such as floor plans and ceiling plans, do not display many elements in 3D, so no shadows will be cast from these elements.

To create a solar study:


1. Open a 3D view. 2. Orient the view as needed to enhance solar study analysis. 3. On the View Control Bar, for Model Graphics Style, select Hidden Line, Shading, or Shading with Edges.

4. You cannot see shadows using the Wireframe style.


5. Click View tab -> Advanced Model Graphics Settings 6. Under Sun and Shadows, for Sun Position, click 7. In the Sun and Shadows Settings dialog, click the Still / Single-Day / Multi-Day tab to create the desired type of solar study

Solar Study 1. Still: Creates a single frame showing shadow patterns for a specific location
and time. For example, you can view shadow patterns for a project in Kathmandu, Nepal on May 10 at 3:55 PM.

2. Single-Day: Produces an animation that shows the movement of shadows at


the project location during a defined range of time on a specific day. For example, you can track shadows from 7:00 AM to 7:00 PM on June 22.

3. Multi-Day: Produces an animation that shows the impact of shadows at the


project location at a specific time of day over a defined range of days. For example, you can view shadow patterns at 2:00 PM every day from June 20 through June 25.

Solar Study Create New Sun and Shadow Settings


To create a new sun and shadow setting, click Duplicate to copy an existing setting. In the Name dialog, enter a descriptive name, and click OK. 9. In the Graphic Display Options dialog, under Sun and Shadows, do the following: 1. Select Cast Shadows. This option has the same effect as clicking (Shadows On) on the View Control Bar. 2. Select Use sun position for shaded display. 3. For Sun, adjust the amount of Brightness. 4. For Shadows, adjust the darkness of the shadows.

Solar Study
1. Under Edges, for Silhouette style, select the type of lines to use if the model graphics style is Hidden Line or Shading with Edges. (Optional) Under Background, select Gradient background, and select the desired colors for the sky, horizon, and ground. To test the new sun and shadow settings, click Apply. When you are finished setting up the solar study, click OK. Now you can preview a solar study animation by clicking on the View Control Bar -> click Shadows On button -> click Preview Solar Study (this appears only when the solar study is created with single-day / multi-day options). To play the animation from start to finish, on the Options Bar, click (Play).

2.
3. 4. 5.

6.

Solar Study To export a solar study:


1. Click Application Menu -> Export -> Images and Animations -> Solar Study. 2. In the Length/Format dialog, under Output Length, select All frames to export the entire animation, or select Frame range, and specify the start and end frames in the range.

3. If you are exporting to an AVI file, enter the number of frames per second.
4. Based on the interval that you specify, Revit Architecture calculates the output length, and displays it under Total time. 5. Under Format, for Model Graphics Style ( wireframe / Hidden Line / Shading / Shading with edges / Rendering ) select te desired one from the list. 6. Enter dimensions (in pixels) or a zoom percentage to specify the size of the frame in the export file.

Camera Walkthrough

Thank You

Оценить