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Elision is very simply the omission of certain sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.
An elision removes a letter or letters in a word in order to reduce the number of syllables or to blend words together. The missing letter is usually replaced with an apostrophe.

In certain circumstances a phoneme may be released as ZERO, or have ZERO REALIZATION or be DELETED.

Elision of consonant Elision of consonant often occurs in order to simplify consonant clusters. The consonants elided are most typically plosives and fricatives, as in old man /ld mn/, when it pronounced /l mn/, clothes /klz/, when I pronounced /klz/ Elision of vowel Elision of vowel can occur in unstressed syllables of polysyllabic words, most typicallu just before or after stressed syllable, and after one of the fortis plosive /p,t,k. Thrn /n,l,r/

Elision of whole syllable Elision of whole syllable s can occur when the syllables are unstressed, most typically just before or after a stressed syllable, especially when the elided syllable consonant that is repeated in the following syllable. This can be illustrated by the words library /laib-re-ri/, when it is pronounced without the middle syllable as [laibri]

Elision happens mostly in songs, in poetry, in theatrical plays, in order to maintain a particular rhythm.

Elision is typical of rapid, casual speech. Producing elisions is something which foreign learners do not need to learn to do, but it is important for them to be aware that when native speakers of English talk to each other, quite a number of phonemes that the foreigner might expect to hear are not actually pronounced

Loss of week vowel after p, t, k examples:

potato today

phi'tet thi'de

phitet thide

Weak vowel + n, l, or r becomes syllabic examples:

tonight Correct

t'nat k'rekt

tnat krekt

Alveolar consonants /t/ and /d/ when sandwiched between two consonants (CONS t/d CONS) example: The next day nekst de /neksde/

Hold the dog!

hld dg

/ hldg/

Avoidance of complex consonant cluster example:

George the sixths throne d:d skss rn

d:d sksrn

Loss of final v in of before consonant example:

waste of money west v mn

west mn

Elision of not The phoneme /t/ is a fundamental part of the negative particle not. Consider the negative of can if followed by a consonant the /t/ may easily disappear and the only difference between the positive and the negative is a different, longer vowel sound in the second: /ai kn spi:k/

+ I can speak

- I cant speak

/a knt spk/

/ai ka:nspi:k/

One Elision

a beautiful girl And how many stripes on yours

Two Elisions - diamond shaped patch - what shall we do next go down

Three Elisions

The top of the bottle is projecting outwards into the room