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GSM/UMTS network elements

BSS and RAN subsystems CS Core Network Subsystem GSM mobile


GSM BTS A int

MSC / MSS SRR


MGW R99

BSC

A int

GSM / 3G mobile

GSM BTS

BSC

HLR
Iu int

MGW R4
Iu int 3G (WCDMA) BTS

PSTN/ISDN

3G mobile

RNC

3G (WCDMA) BTS

RNC

IN Service Control Point

Release 99 vs Release 4 - separation of control plane and user plane


MSC / MSC Server
BSSAP

IP

Sigtran
H.248 (Megaco)

E1 / TDM

Backbone

MGW

RNC in Rel 99 use

RNC in Rel 4 use

Multiple RNC connections in one ATM Module


Physically ATM Modules are located on the MSC site MSC / MSS

UMTS interface between radio access network and circuit switched core network ATM Module

Iur ATM
Module

Iur ATM

Module

Iu (+ Iur)
RNC

Iur connection between RNCs through ATM Module

RNC
RNC RNC RNC RNC RNC

Iur
RNC

RNC

Max number of RNCs connected to one ATM Module depends on ATM Module HW capacity

Release 4 Network Architecture Center of Excellence in Warsaw


RNTB
VPI-VCI:1-40 IID:2 TTP:2 PG:0 SET: 11 SET: (spare)

MSS01 MGW01
Iu-CS
VPI-VCI:1-40 IID:1 TTP:1 PG:0 SET:0 SET:4 (spare)

Iub

MSC Server
MGW
OMU: 10.88.24.4 OMU: 10.88.24.70 NEMU: 10.88.24.68

WBTS3
AXC: 10.88.20.33 MWAM: 10.88.20.41

IF 1

IID: 13 TTP:13 SET: 3

RNC

2-16 OMU:10.88.1.50 NEMU:10.88.1.51

NA1, 100H

HLTB
NA1, 300H

NA1,3D02H - Polkomtel NA1,3288H - Centertel

INSITE 61 INSITE 62

Abis
33-01 33-03

HLR/ AuC
10.88.1.21

BSC01

A-ter

CDS01

BSC
10.88.1.7

32-31

TCSM

CDS
OMU: 10.88.24.132

NA1,3902H - Polkomtel NA1,3282H - Centertel

NA1,3981H

Access Server

Mechanical construction of the DX200


The basic mechanical structure of the DX 200 iseries network elements, including the MSCi, follows a standard hierarchy: . cabinets . cartridges . plug-in units . internal cables

Cabinets

Cartridges
Types of cartridges: cPCI cartridges -> 1/3-shelf cartridge CC3C-A -> 1/4-shelf cartridge CC4C-A non-cPCI cartridges -> 1/3-shelf cartridge, comprising type SD3C-B -> 1/4-shelf cartridge, comprising types SD4C-B and SW1C-B -> 1/6-shelf cartridges, comprising types ET5C-B, CLAC-B and CLOC-B

The MSS has three cabinet types: IP Cabinet F (IPCF) IP Cabinet G (IPCG) IP Cabinet H (IPCH)

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IPCF Cabinet

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Redundancy principles
HOT STANDBY (2n) - every unit has one spare unit standing by
SPARE DEVICE (n+1) - number of units are backed up by one spare unit

LOAD SHARING (n+1/L) - working units will share the work load of a faulty unit

DX200 architecture - MSC


BSS
LAN SWITCH ET IPET TGFP VANG CDSU GSW ECET

Signalling units Switching related units

CLS
ET ET

Database related units External Interface and data related units


Other units
VDU and LPT

TGSU CCSU MFSU

BSU

PAU MB

CASU

BDCU

x.25 or LAN to NMS and SMSC

CCMU

CMU

CM

VLRU

STU

CHU

OMU

LAN SWITCH

Base Station Signalling Unit, BSU


The BSU handles CCS7 signalling between the MSCi and the BSCs. It also controls the PCMs ruunning to the Base Station Subsystem (BSS)

Plug-in units: CP710-A Central Processing Unit MBIF-A / MBIF-B Message Bus Interface AS7-B / AS7-C Pre-processor (CCS7, ET control) PSC6-B / PSC6-A Power Supply for Cartridge Redundancy: N+1

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Basic Data Communications Unit, BDCU The BDCU contains communication links to the

operation and maintanace network (analogue/digital X.25; LAN/Ethernet), to the Short Message Centre, and to the Billing Centre

Plug-in units: CP710-A Central Processing Unit MBIF-A / MBIF-B Message Bus Interface AS7-B / AS7-C Pre-processor (digital X.25) AC25-A Pre-processor (analogue X.25) PSC6-B / PSC6-A Power Supply for Cartridge Redundancy: none

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The CMU controls the cellular radio network and the CDSUs of the exchange. It also provides system support functions, such as private numbering plan (PNP) translations
Plug-in units: CP710-A Central Processing Unit MBIF-A / MBIF-B Message Bus Interface AS7-B / AS7-C Interface (LAPD) PSC6-B / PSC6-A Power Supply for Cartridge Redundancy: 2n

Cellular Management Unit, CMU

The semi permanent files of the Central memory contain the system tariffs, signalling, routing, and configuration data. On the basis of this information the other units can make decisions when a call is being established. The CM also hosts the LAN switch, which collects O&M signalling data from the OMU, BDCU, STU and CHU units.
Plug-in units: CP710-A Central Processing Unit MBIF-A / MBIF-B Message Bus Interface ESB20 O&M LAN switch unit PSC6-B / PSC6-A Power Supply for Cartridge Redundancy: 2n

Central Memory, CM

The charging unit collects and stores charging data. In the MSCi, one pair of CHU is required even in the minumum configuration. The CHU also hosts the optional LAN switch, which collects and switches SIGTRAN and/or IPET control signalling data between the CCSUs and/or TGSUs and the IP network.
Plug-in units: CP710-A Central Processing Unit MBIF-A / MBIF-B Message Bus Interface ESB20 O&M LAN switch unit PSC6-B / PSC6-A Power Supply for Cartridge Redundancy: 2n

Charging Unit, CHU

The CLS consists of two separate units, the Clock System Unit (CLSU) and the Clock and Alarm Buffer Unit (CLBU).
Clock System Unit, CLSU Located in the MOMC cabinet, the CLSUs generate the clock signals necessary for synchronising the functions of the SGSN and transmit them further to the CLBU units in the SGBC cabinet. When using hierarchical mode, each unit is synchronised to up to four inputs (ETs), usually coming from an HLR. The CLSUs also feed the timing signals to the units in the SGAC cabinet and send them further to the OMU. The basic configuration of the cartridge includes: two Clock and Tone Generator plug-in units (CL2TG-S) Redundancy: 2n

Clock System, CLS

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The duplicated CLBUs distribute the clock signals (generated by the CLSUs) to the units in the same cabinet. The CLBU also collects the wired alarms from the units whose timing it handles and transfers them further to the OMU. One CLBU unit can handle the timing and alarm collection functions of up to 15 cartridges.
The duplicated CLBU is installed in a CLAC-B cartridge. The basic configuration of the cartridge includes: two Clock and Alarm Buffer plug-in units (CLAB-S)

Clock and Alarm Buffer Unit, CLBU

Redundancy: 2n

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Group Switch 2048, GSW


The GSW is the switching fabric of the MSCi. The Marker (M) controls it. The MSCi has a GSW that is Plug-in units: equipped to handle a capacity of 2048 x 2048 PCMs
SWCSM-S Switch Control and Switching Memory SWSPS-S Switch Serial-Parallel-Serial Converter PSC1-S Power Supply for Cartridge Redundancy: 2n

LAN Switch Unit, LANU


The LANU switches and collects control-plane and user-plane IP traffic between the TGSUs, IPETs, and external routers that, in turn, act as an access to the operators IP network.
Plug-in Units: ESB20 / ESB20-A LAN switch unit (2 electrical uplink and 18 downlink 10/100 Mbit/s ports) PSC6-A Power Supply for Cartridge

The marker controls and supervises the GSW, hunts for free circuits and is responsible for connecting and releasing all connections. The M, GSW and Tone Generator Field Programmable (TGFP) make up a switchover entity, which is duplicated for 2n redundancy.
Plug-in units: CP710-A Central Processing Unit MBIF-A / MBIF-B Message Bus Interface SWCOP-A Switch Control Processor TGFP Tone Generator Field Programmable\ PSC6-A Power Supply for Cartridge

Marker, M

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Message Bus, MB
The MB is the physical connection between the computer units, which are located in the first cabinet row. Message Bus Interface plug-in units (MBIF-A or MBIF-B) in every computer unit control the MB

Plug-in units: MBIF-A or MBIF-B (Message Bus Interface) in every computer unit
There are terminators on both ends of the MB and power supply is needed in cartidges with terminators. Redundancy: 2n

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The OMU handles all centralised supervision, alarm and recovery functions, and the connections towards user interface (MMI-System). The entire system software and the event buffer for intermediate storage of alarms is stored in the OMU storage devices.
Plug-in units: CP710-A Central Processing Unit MBIF-A / MBIF-B Message Bus Interface AS7-B / AS7-C LAPD control and CLS synchronisation HWAT-A Hardware Alarm Terminal SERO-A V.24 Serial Interface PSC6-B / PSC6-A Power Supply for Cartridge

Operation and Maintenance Unit, OMU

PDFU units at the top of the IC209-A cabinet

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