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CICLO 2013-I Mdulo: 1

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TECHNICAL ENGLISH II
Page N 93

MISS EVELING RAMOS M.

PRESENTATION
We are in the fifth week, and this week you learn how to express comparative and superlative sentences. Now you have to remember some adjectives to can express what is the difference between these sentences.

INDEX
Comparative adjectives Superlatives adjectives Reading: Psychology of intelligence analysis

Simple past passive


Reading: Stress signs and symptoms

COMPARATIVES
You can compare between people, objects, animals, companies,cities but ONLY BETWEEN TWO.

Karen is a happy woman..

Hilda is a happy woman

Karen is happier than Hilda because she is with her sister on vacation.

COMPARATIVES CHART
(short form adjectives)
SHORT ADJECTIVES
REMEMBER: When the adjective has a short sound and finishes in Consonant+ vowel+consonant, you have to double the last consonant and add ER

COMPARATIVE FORM shortER than longER than

Short Long

Old
Small Cheap

oldER than
smallER than cheapER than

New
Big

newER than
BigGER than

COMPARATIVES CHART
(long form adjectives)
LONG ADJECTIVES Expensive Comfortable Useful Beautiful Handsome Intelligent COMPARATIVES FORM MORE expensive than MORE comfortable than MORE useful than MORE beautiful than MORE handsome than MORE intelligent than
Solo agregamos MORE delante del adjectivo para convertirlos en comparativos y no olvidemos que despues de ellos va THAN

Interesting

MORE interesting than

COMPARATIVES CHART
( adjectives that finish in Y)

ADJECTIVES
DirtY Happy Noisy Lazy Funny

COMPARATIVE
DirtIER than HappIER than NoisIER than lazIER than FunnIER than

Si el adjetivo termina en Y, cambiamos la Y por I y le agregamos ER para convertirlo en comparativo.

COMPARATIVES CHART
( adjectives special case )

Son casos especiales ya que su forma comparativa es distinta al adjetivo inicial.

ADJECTIVES Good Bad

COMPARATIVES Better than Worse than

Little
Far

Less than
Farther than

COMPARATIVE SENTENCES
Carmela is shier in her office than in her house. She thinks this behaviour is better. You showed more interesting things in your exposition. Lima is a special city because has more beautiful places than Arequipa, although Arequipa is more traditional.

I am taller than my sister although she is nicer than me.


Jorge is more handsome than Robert but he is not as polite as him.

SUPERLATIVE
You can use it to indicate that one person, object, city
and more has the best quality or characteristic.

Sheyla is the most intelligent student in her class.

SUPERLATIVE CHART
(short adjectives)
In this case, to the adjectives of short sound, we add EST and dont forget if the adjective ends in consonant + vowel+ consonant (Similar to the comparative rule)

SHORT ADJECTIVES

SUPERLATIVE FORM

Short
Long Old

The shortEST
The longEST The oldEST

Small
Cheap New Big

The smallEST
The cheapEST The newEST The biggEST

Karla is the woman who has the longest hair in the office.

SUPERLATIVE CHART
(long adjective)
LONG ADJECTIVE Expensive Comfortable SUPERLATIVE FORM THE MOST expensive THE MOST comfortable
Solo le agregamos THE MOST al adjetivo para que este en su forma superlativa.

Useful
Beautiful Handsome Intelligent Interesting

THE MOST useful


THE MOST beautiful THE MOST handsome THE MOST intelligent THE MOST interesting

This red dress is the most expensive dress in this store .

SUPERLATIVE CHART
(adjectives which finish in Y)
A los adjetivos que terminan en Y, adems de agregarle THE tambin cambiamos Y por I y le agregamos IEST

ADJECTIVE S DirtY Happy Noisy Lazy Funny

SUPERLATIVE THE dirtIEST THE happiEST THE noisIEST THE lazIEST THE funnIEST

In this party, Micaela is the happiest woman.

SUPERLATIVE CHART
(adjectives special case )

Los adjetivos del caso especial, cambian la forma en superlativo.

ADJECTIVES Good Bad Far

SUPERLATIVE The best The worst The farthest

Ceviche is the best and the most delicious food.

SUPERLATIVE
You are the most special person in my life. I dont forget this city because I have been in my best moments here. Pisco sour is the most famous Peruvian drink. Some

tourists have drunk it.


Tomas and Luis are the best friends. They will have their own business.

Are they different?


Lower prices The most expensive The Easiest ways Larger Cheaper Better than The most suitable Smaller More people Less The best prices The worst salary

Comparative

Superlatives

COMPARATIVE
Nice New Low Old White Strong Cheap Big small Ugly Happy Dirty Busy Lazy Hungry
Effective Suitable Expensive Delicious Interesting Healthy Innovative Comfortable

Special case: Good Far Little

Exercises
Hot : Cold :.. Interesting : Wonderful : Terrific :.. Fantastic :.. Useful : Young: ... thin : ... big : ... important : Good employees : Nice:.. Cheap :.. Expensive : Sleepy :.. Busy :.. Tall : large :. Quiet city : . Bad method : Dark place : Bright city : Useful ojects : ..

Superlatives
Nice New Low Old White Strong Cheap Big small
Ugly Happy Dirty Busy Lazy Hungry Effective Suitable Expensive Delicious Interesting Healthy Innovative Comfortable

Special case: Good Far Little

Exercises
Hot : Cold :.. Interesting : Wonderful : Terrific :.. Fantastic :.. Useful : Young: ... thin : ... big : ... important : Good employees : Nice:.. Cheap :.. Expensive : Sleepy :.. Busy :.. Tall : large :. Quiet city : . Bad method : Dark place : Bright city : Useful ojects : ..

Working with some exercises


Our company offers the best prices in the market. The sport shoes are only 85 soles this month. Some of the clients prefer more black and white sport shoes than the yellow ones. The advertisers think a good tv adverts can give us better profits than radio ones, although it is more expensive.

More examples:
COMPARATIVE
Better prices Lower prices Worse prices Higher prices

SUPERLATIVE
The best price The lowest price The worst price The highest price

Cheaper More expensive Less money

The cheapest The most expensive The least

Working with employees


This month, our company is hiring more people because of
in Christmas celebration the clients buy more things. We need younger people because they are more enthusiastic and enjoyable. They are always happier in every moment and it likes to the

clients because they feel more comfortable.

READ AND UNDERLINE THE MISTAKES IN THE DESCRIPTION Cuzco is one of the goodest cities in Peru. Many tourists

choose it to visit the different ancient places. It is obviously


the famousest place in our country. I think Macchupicchu is cheapest than Piura, because of the quantity of people. We need to get better services and means of

transportation.

Reading: Psychology of intelligence analysis


Of the diverse problems that impede accurate intelligence analysis, those inherent in human mental processes are surely among the most important and most difficult to deal with.

A basic finding of cognitive psychology is that people have no conscious experience of most of what happens in the human

mind.
Many functions associated with perception, memory, and information processing are conducted prior to and independently

of any conscious direction.

This book differs from those works in two respects. It analyzes problems from the perspective of intelligence analysts rather than policymakers. A central focus of this book is to illuminate the role of the observer in determining what is observed and how it is interpreted. People construct their own version of reality on the basis of information provided by the senses, but this sensory input in

mediated by complex mental processes that determine which


information is attended to, how it is organized, and the meaning attributed to it.

SIMPLE PAST PASSIVE


This tense allows you to express a sentence in a different way, so the object of the sentence can be the subject but you have to use the verb to be in past + the verb in past participle
SUBJECT
I YOU HE SHE IT Was

VERB TO BE IN PAST
Was Were

VERB IN PAST PARTICIPLE


Given Showed Started Gotten Used

The verbs are in past participle

WE YOU
THEY Were

Expressed Attended
Done

Reading: What is stress?


Stress is trickly to pin down. It isnt just being under pressure-for this

is not always stressful-but some kind of mismatch between what the


body nd brain anticipate and what challenges we actually experience or fell.

Stress is a fundament process. It affects all organisms, from the


simplest bacterium and protozoan, to complex eukayotes such as mammals.

Stress is perceived ad response co-ordinated by the brain.


The hypotahalamus is the key brain area regulating many of our hormones.

Reading: stress warning signs and symptoms


Cognitive symptoms Memory problems

emotional symptoms:
Anxious or racing thoughts

Indecisiveness
inability to concentrate Trouble thinking clearly Poor judgement Seeing only the negative Restlessness Short temper Irritability Impatience

Constant worrying
Loss of objectivity Fearful anticipation Moodiness agitation

Physical symptoms behavioral symptoms:

Headaches, Backaches
Muscle tension and stiffness Diarrhea or constipation Nausea, dizziness Insomnia Chest pain, Rapid heatbeat Weight gain or loss Skin breakouts Loss of sex drive Frequent colds

Behavioral Symptoms: Eating more or less Sleeping too much or too little Isolating yourself from others Procrastination, neglecting responsabilities Using alcohol, cigarrettes or drugs to sleep Nervous habits Overdoing activities (exercising, shopping) Picking fights with others

THANKS