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Home Cooling

EGEE 102

Function of an Air conditioner

EGEE 102 - Pisupati

Humidity in air
Relative Humidity
A measure of of much water is in the air relative to the maximum amount air can hol at that tmperature

EGEE 102 - Pisupati

EGEE 102 - Pisupati


http://www.ae.iastate.edu/Ast473/Lectures/%285%29Psychrometric_Chart/sld024.htm

Principle

A. Expansion Valve B. Compressor

EGEE 102 - Pisupati

Arrangement

EGEE 102 - Pisupati

TYPES OF AIR CONDITIONERS


Room air conditioners Central air conditioning systems Heat pumps Evaporative coolers

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Air Conditioning

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Room air conditioner


Room air conditioners cool rooms rather than the entire home. Less expensive to operate than central units Their efficiency is generally lower than that of central air conditioners. Can be plugged into any 15- or 20-amp, 115volt household circuit that is not shared with any other major appliances

EGEE 102 - Pisupati

EGEE 102 - Pisupati

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Central Air conditioning


Circulate cool air through a system of supply and return ducts. Supply ducts and registers (i.e., openings in the walls, floors, or ceilings covered by grills) carry cooled air from the air conditioner to the home. This cooled air becomes warmer as it circulates through the home; then it flows back to the central air conditioner through return ducts and registers
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Types of Central AC
split-system
an outdoor metal cabinet contains the condenser and compressor, and an indoor cabinet contains the evaporator the evaporator, condenser, and compressor are all located in one cabinet
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Packaged

Large air conditioning systems


Outside air is drawn in, filtered and heated before it passes through the main air conditioning devices. The colored lines in the lower part of the diagram show the changes of temperature and of water vapor concentration (not RH) as the air flows through the system.

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Total Air Conditioning

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Variable fresh air mixer and dust and pollutant filtration. Supplementary heating with radiators in the outer rooms and individual mini heater and Humidifier in the air stream to each room.
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Sizing Air Conditioners


how large your home is and how many windows it has; how much shade is on your home's windows, walls, and roof; how much insulation is in your home's ceiling and walls; how much air leaks into your home from the outside; and how much heat the occupants and appliances in your home generate
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Energy Consumption
Air conditioners are rated by the number of British Thermal Units (Btu) of heat they can remove per hour. Another common rating term for air conditioning size is the "ton," which is 12,000 Btu per hour. Room air conditioners range from 5,500 Btu per hour to 14,000 Btu per hour.

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Energy Efficiency
Today's best air conditioners use 30% to 50% less energy than 1970s Even if your air conditioner is only 10 years old, you may save 20% to 40% of your cooling energy costs by replacing it with a newer, more efficient model

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Energy Efficiency
Rating is based on how many Btu per hour are removed for each watt of power it draws For room air conditioners, this efficiency rating is the Energy Efficiency Ratio, or EER For central air conditioners, it is the Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio, or SEER

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Room Air Conditioners


Built after January 1, 1990, need have an EER of 8.0 or greater
EER of at least 9.0 if you live in a mild climate EER over 10 for warmer climates

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Central AC
National minimum standards for central air conditioners require a SEER of
9.7 for single-package and 10.0 for split-systems Units are available with SEERs reaching nearly 17

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Energy Saving Methods


Locate the air conditioner in a window or wall area near the center of the room and on the shadiest side of the house. Minimize air leakage by fitting the room air conditioner snugly into its opening and sealing gaps with a foam weather stripping material.
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Numerical Problem
A EER from 5.0 to 9 saving and pay back period

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