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Calculus Week4

Mira Musrini (MMI)

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PRETEST
1. Determinant of a matrix can be calculated for any size of matrices . Give your opinion of this statement. Please explain the reasons of your answer! 2. Determine the right solution of given system of linear equation: 2x1 + +3x3 = 1 3x1 - x2 +4x3 = 7 6x1 + x2 - x3 = 0

Augmented matrix from systems of linear equations


Consider the system of linear equations:

the augmented matrix for the given system of linear equations is The next slide show how to resolve this system of linear equations using elementary rows operation.
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Elementary rows operations

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Elementary rows operations

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Elementary rows operations

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Elementary rows operations

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Elementary rows operations

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Elementary rows operations

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Gauss Eliminations
In the preceding section, we solved the given system of linear equations by reducing the augmented matrix to

1 0 0 1 0 1 0 2 0 0 1 3
This matrix is in reduced row-echelon form.

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Gauss Eliminations
The properties that possesed by matrices in reduced rowechelon form are : a. If a row does not consist of zero , then the first non zero number in the row is 1. b. If there are any rows that consist entirely zeros, then they are grouped together at the bottom of the matrix c. In any two successive rows that do not consist entirely zeros, the leading 1 in the lower rows occurs farther to the right than leading 1 in the higher row. d. Each column that contains a leading 1 has zeros everywhere else.

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Gauss Eliminations

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Gauss Eliminations

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Gauss Eliminations

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a method for inverting matrices

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a method for inverting matrices

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inverse of matrices
inverse of matrices Definition : if A is square matrix , and if a matrix B is the same size can be found that AB=BA=I then A is said to be invertible and B is called inverse of A

3 B 1

5 2 is an inverse of A 1 2 5 3 5 2 3 1 5 1 0 2 5 1 0 3 0 I 1 0 I 1

5 3

, sin ce

2 AB 1 and 3 BA 1

2 1

Non invertible matrices If there is an zero row in the right side of final result, then the matrix is not invertible. The next example will describe above situation.

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Non invertible matrices

Thus the matrix A does not have an invers matrix

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POST TEST
1. By using elementary rows operation , determine wether matrix A is invertible or not
3 4 1 A 1 0 3 2 5 4

2. if A is invetible , check the answer of number 1 by multiplications.