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ACTIVITIES OF TAMIL NADU POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD

FORMATION OF TNPCB
TN PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF WATER POLLUTION BOARD
CONSTITUTED ON 27-02-1982 AS PROVIDED IN SECTION 4 OF WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION ) ACT, 1974.

LATER NAMED AS TAMIL NADU POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD IN


1983

ENFORCES THE PROVISION OF WATER (P&CP) ACT, 1974, WATER


(P&CP) CESS ACT 1977, AIR (P&CP) ACT, 1981, AND THE RULES MADE UNDER THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION ) ACT, 1986.
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FUNCTIONS OF TNPCB
To plan a comprehensive programme for the prevention, control and abatement of water
and air pollution.

To advise the State Government on environmental matters To encourage, conduct and participate in investigations and research relating to problems To collect and disseminate information To inspect sewage and trade effluent treatment plants, industrial plants or manufacturing process,

To give directions to the units to take steps for the prevention, control or abatement of
pollution.

To inspect air pollution control areas for the purpose of assessment of quality of air To lay down, modify or annul effluent standards for water, air, noise, source and
automobile pollution

To evolve best economically viable treatment and disposal technologies for sewage and
trade effluents.

To collect and analysis of water, air and noise samples To collaborate with Central Pollution Control Board in environmental related issues. To perform such other functions as may be prescribed by the State Government or Central
Pollution Control Board.
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CONSTITUTION OF TNPCB

AS PROVIDED IN SECTION 4 OF WATER ACT,1974

CHAIRMAN FULL TIME MEMBER SECRETARY FIVE OFFICIALS NOMINATED BY GOVERNMENT FIVE PERSONS TO REPRESENT LOCAL AUTHORITIES THREE
NON OFFICIALS TO REPRESENT THE INTEREST OF AGRICULTURE, FISHERY, INDUSTRY OR TRADE OR ANY OTHER INTEREST

TWO MEMBERS TO REPRESENT THE COMPANIES OR CORPORATIONS


OWNED BY THE STATE GOVERNMENT

SPECIAL INVITEES
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PRESENT CONSTITUTION OF TNPCB


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Thiru.C.V.Sankar,I.A.S. Thiru.C.V.Sankar, I.A.S. THIRU. P. RAGHAVAN THIRU. S. RAGHUNATHAN, B.E., THIRU. PANKAJ KUMAR BANSAL, I.A.S. Dr. P.T. PORKAI PANDIAN, M.B.B.S., DPH., D.I.H THIRU. SWARAN SINGH, I.A.S THIRU. K. BALASUBRAMANIAN, B.E. THIRU. R. SHAICK JALALUDDIN THIRU. GUMMIDIPOONDI K. VENU, Ex. MLA Dr. ZACKRIAH SAIT, MBBS., THIRU. R. RAMACHANDRAN, M.E. (PH)

Chairman Principal Secretary to Government, E&F Department Joint Director, Finance (BPE) Department Chief Inspector of Factories Director of Town and Country Planning Director of Public Health and Preventive Medicine Managing Director, TWAD Board Member (Generation), TNEB Joint Director of Fisheries (Retd.) Member Regional Chairman (South), Leather Export Promotion Council Member Secretary and Convener
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PRESENT CONSTITUTION OF TNPCB contd..

SPECIAL INVITEES
1 2 3 THIRU. S. BALASUBRAMANIAN THIRU G. SUNDARAMURTHI, IAS, THIRU T.S. SRINIVASAMURTHY, I.F.S.

General Manager, (F&R) SIPCOT Commissioner of Industries and Commerce Department Director of Environment

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATIONS ENFORCED BY TNPCB The various environmental legislations with which the TNPCB is concerned are given below. Some legislation is implemented directly by the Board and some by other departments of the Government.

The Water (P&CP) Act, 1974 as amended in 1978 & 1988. The Tamil Nadu Water (P&CP) Rules, 1983.

The Water (P&CP) Cess Act, 1977, as amended in 1991 and 2003.
The Water (P&CP) Cess Rules, 1978 as amended in 1992.

The Air (P&CP) Act, 1981 as amended in 1987.


The Tamil Nadu Air (P&CP) Rules, 1983
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ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATIONS ENFORCED BY TNPCB Contd..

The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. The Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986 and its subsequent amendments.

The Hazardous Wastes (Management,

Handling and Transboundary

Movement) Rules, 2008 as amended in 2009.

Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989


as amended in 1994 & 2000.

The Manufacture, Use, Import, Export and Storage of Hazardous Micro


organisms / Genetically engineered organisms or cells Rules, 1989.

The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 as amended in 1992. The Public Liability Insurance Rules, 1991. Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 1991 as amended in 1994, 1997 &
2001.

The Environment Impact Assessment Notification, 2006 as amended in


2009.
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ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATIONS ENFORCED BY TNPCB Contd..

The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995. The Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and
Response) Rules, 1996

The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997. The Bio Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules,1998 as
amended in 2000.

Fly Ash Utilization Notification, 1999 as amended in 2003. The Plastics Manufacture, Sale and Usage Rules, 1999 as amended in
2003.

The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000. Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000. Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000. The Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001.
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TNPCB ORGANISATION CHART


Chairman

Member Secretary

ACEE (P&M) JCEE chemical JCEE C&P JCEE Tex & HWM JCEE Tannery JCEE D&O

Director ETI Sr. Law Officer DD IA EE Construction

DD(Labs) I DD(Labs) II

Fin. Advisor Manager (P & A) Manager (F & A) PRO

DEE (23) AEE (5)

AEL (3) DEL (11)

Librarian

EE (Misc)

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FIELD SETUP IN TNPCB


Headed by Headquarters
Madurai Virudhunagar Chennai Ambattur

Districts covered
Madurai, Sivagangai Virudhunagar,Ramanathapuram Chennai Part of Tiruvallur

DEE

Tambaram
Vellore Vaniyambadi Hosur Cuddalore Salem Namakkal Erode Tiruppur

Part of Kancheepuram
Part of Vellore and Tiruvannamalai Part of vellore Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri Cuddalore Salem Namakkal Part of Erode Part of Coimbatore, Erode, Tiruppur

Coimbatore Karur
Tiruchirappalli Pudukottai

Part of Coimbatore, Tiruppur


Karur Tiruchirapalli, Perambalur, Ariyalur Pudukottai Contd..
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FIELD SETUP IN TNPCB Contd..


Headed by Headquarters Dindigul Tirunelveli Tuticorin Districts covered Dindigul, Theni Tirunelveli Tuticorin Part of Kancheepuram Part of Tiruvallur Part of Erode, Tiruppur Villupuram

DEE

Sriperumpudur
Tiruvallur Perundurai Villupuram

Thanjavur
Nagapattinam Nagercoil

Thanjavur, Tiruvarur
Nagapattinam Kanniyakumari

AEE

Udhagamandalam

The Nilgiris

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LABORATORY SETUP IN TNPCB


Lab Headquarter Chennai Salem Madurai Districts covered Chennai, Kancheepuram,Tiruvallur Part Salem, Erode Part, Namakkal Madurai, Sivagangai, Virudhunagar, Ramnad Tiruvallur Part (Gummidipoondi, Ambattur, Ponneri) Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Cuddalore, Villupuram Tiruchirapalli, Pudukotttai, Perambalur, Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattianam, Karur, Ariyalur

AEL

DEL

Ambattur Vellore Cuddalore Tiruchirapalli

Dindigul
Tirunelveli Coimbatore Tiruppur Hosur Arumbakkam Tuticorin

Dindigul, Theni
Tirunelveli, Kanniyakumari, Tuticorin Part Tiruppur, Erode part Coimbatore Part Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri Tiruvallur Part (Manali, Ennore, Madhavaram, Sembium House, Tiruvottiur) Tuticorin
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STAFF STRENGTH-SANCTIONED
Category/Office Chairman Member Secretary Engineering Services Scientific services TOTAL 1 1 141 86

Scientific support staff


Ministerial Service Total

97
415 741

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PROCEDURE FOR ISSUE OF CONSENT

Industries are required to obtain Consent for discharge of sewage/trade effluent into any stream or well or into sewer

or land under the Water (Prevention and Control of


Pollution) Act, 1974 and to operate the plant in air pollution control area under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

Consent is issued to industries in two stages. Consent to Establish is issued depending upon the suitability of the site before the industry takes up the construction activity.

Consent to Operate is issued after the installation of


suitable and adequate effluent treatment plant and air pollution control measures.
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POWERS TO ISSUE NOC/CONSENT/ RENEWAL


(As per BP No 43 dt 28.06.2005, 46 dt 29.09.2005,10 dt.03.05.2006, B.P No. )

Chairman

Renewal of Consent to Red Large industries Authorisation under BMW Rules

Member Secretary

Renewal of Consent to Red Medium Industries


Authorisation under HW Rules Issue of Consent to Establish to the Red Large industries attracting
EIA.

Sub Committee

Issue of Consent to Establish and Consent to Operate to all the


industrial units attracting EIA after receipt of environmental clearance from MOEF, GOI or SEIAA.

Consent Clearance Committee

Consent to Operate to Red Large industries attracting EIA.


Consent to Operate to Red Large industries not attracting EIA. Consent to Establish and Consent to Operate to Red Medium and
Red Small Industries not attracting EIA.

Consent to Establish and Consent to Operate to Orange Industries


attracting EIA.
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POWERS TO ISSUE NOC/CONSENT/ RENEWAL


(As per BP No 43 dt 28.06.2005, 46 dt 29.09.2005,10 dt.03.05.2006, B.P No. )

Zonal Level Consent Clearance Committee

Issue of Consent to Establish to the Red Small, Orange


Large and Medium industries.

Issue of Consent to Operate to Red Small, Orange


Large and Medium industries

DEE / AEE

Issue of Consent to Establish and Operate to Orange


Small and Green Large, Medium and Small industries.

Issue of Renewal of Consent to Red small, Orange


Large, Medium and Small, Green Large, Medium and Small industries.

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PERIODICITY OF CONSENT
(As per BP 18 dt. 14.06.94, 33 dt. 14.08.97, 3 dt.29.06.2004)

Sl. No

Classification

Category

Validity period

Validity up to

Large

Red

One year

31st March

Orange
Green 2 Medium Red

Two years
Two years One year 30th September

Orange
Green 3 Small Red

Two years
Two- Five years One year 30th June

Orange
Green

Two years
Two-Five years
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RENEWAL OF CONSENT
Renewal consent is issued only after compliance of conditions mentioned in CO. If
industries come forward voluntarily by paying the prescribed consent fees in advance for the required period, consent is renewed to the industry for more than one year
Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 Category Ultra Red (L/M/S) Red (L/M/S) Orange (L/M/S) Green (L/M/S) Periodicity of consent renewal 1 term of 1 year 2 terms of 1 year each 2 terms of 2 year each 3 terms of 2 year each
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PERIODICITY OF INSPECTION
( As per BP 18 dt. 14.06.94, 22 dt. 25.2.2004)

Category

Classification
Large

Periodicity
Once in 3 months Once in 4 months Once in a year Once in 6 months Once in 6 months Once in 2 years Once in 2 years

Red

Medium Small Large

Orange

Medium Small Large

Green

Medium
Small

Once in 2 years
Once in 2 years Once in a month
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17 Category

All Scale

PERIODICITY OF SAMPLING
( As per BP 22 dt. 25.2.2004)

Category

Classification
Large

Periodicity
Once in a month Once in 3 months Once in 3-6 months Once in 4 months Once in 6 months Once in 6 months ---Once in a month
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Red

Medium Small Large

Orange

Medium Small Large

Green

Medium Small

17 Category

All Scale

SUB COMMITTEE

The Sub Committee constituted to examine the issue of Consent to Establish (including Expansion) for Red Category units not attracting Environmental Impact Assessment Notification,1994 as per BP MS.No.46 dated 24.3.05 Consists of

Chairman, TNPCB Member Secretary, TNPCB- Convenor Director of Environment

Chief Inspector of Factories Thiru. R.Shaik Jalaluddin Joint Director of Fisheries (Retd) Technical Expert from IIT / Anna University Concerned Head of Department of TNPCB- Convener
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CERTAIN RESTRICTIONS ON SITING INDUSTRIES


Government in GO. Ms. No. 213, Environment & Forests (ECI) Department dated
30-03-89 have imposed a total ban on the setting up of the 14 types of highly polluting industries mentioned in its Annexure I within one km from the embankment of the water sources mentioned in its Annexure II.

Government in GO. Ms. No. 127, Environment & Forests (ECIII) Department
dated 08-05-98 as amended have ordered that 14 types of industries mentioned in Annexure I of GO Ms No 213, Environment & Forests (ECI) Department dated 30-03-89 should not be allowed to be established within 5 km of important rivers in Tamil Nadu namely Cauvery and its tributaries, Pennaiyaru, Palar, Vaigai and Tamiraparani.
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CERTAIN RESTRICTIONS ON SITING INDUSTRIES Contd


ANNEXURE I TO GO MS NO 213 DATE 30-03-89 (List of Highly Polluting Industries)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Distilleries Tanneries, Sago, Sugar, Dairies and Glue Fertiliser

Pulp & paper (with digestor)


Chemical units Petroleum Refinery Textile Dyeing units

Steel Plant ( Electroplating, heat treatment etc)


Ceramics Thermal Power Station using fuel other than Natural gas/LNG/CNG/Naphtha * Basic Drug Manufacturing units Pesticide Asbestos Foundries

*Amended in Government Letter No 181 E&F Dept dt.19.1.2003


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MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTES


TNPCB is taking effective steps for safe handling of
hazardous chemicals and for management, treatment and

disposal of hazardous wastes in an environmentally sound


manner Total number of Hazardous waste generating units inventorised: 2655

Number of units Authorised under HWM Rules: 2497

Total quantum of Hazardous waste generated by these units :


3.15 Lakh Tonnes / year Recyclable wastes Land fillable Wastes Incinerable wastes : 1.11 Lakh Tonnes / year : 1.73 Lakh Tonnes / year : 0.31 Lakh Tonnes / year
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TSDF

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COMMON HAZARDOUS WASTES TSDF


Details of Common Treatment, Storage, Disposal Facilities
Sl. No 1 Location Area covered Extent (Acre) 66.00 GO No& Date 67 E&F dt.17.05.05

Date of CTE / CTO


30.9.05

Gummidipoondi Tiruvallur, Chennai,

Kancheepuram
Districts 2 Nallur Tiruppur CETPs 64.50 135 E&F dt.16.05.05

12.10.07
(CTO) 18.12.05

Mathigiri

Karur CETPs

3.09

299E&F
dt.2.11.04

12.12.05

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MANAGEMENT OF BIOMEDICAL WASTES


The Board has so far inventoried 3261 private hospitals,
308 Government hospitals in the State.

All the health care facilities have been directed to go for


common biomedical waste treatment and disposal

facilities

Site for 11 common facilities have been identified for the


private sector health care units in the State

All the 11 Facilities are at present functional


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BMW collection in Private Hospital

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Common BMW Treatment and Disposal Facility region

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MANAGEMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTES The


Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling)

Rules, 2000 has been enacted for proper management of municipal solid wastes.

The Board is advocating the concept of segregation of


wastes at source, reduction, recycle and reuse of waste. Municipal authorities have been asked to segregate the wastes as wet compostable waste, dry recyclable waste, inert wastes, construction debris and domestic hazardous waste.

The Board has issued NOC to 110 municipalities and two


corporation for composting of municipal solid waste and
setting up waste processing facility. NOCs issued for 72 municipalities have been converted as authorisation.
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MANAGEMENT OF PLASTIC WASTES

The environmental problems arising due to indiscriminate use and disposal of throwaway plastic items have been recognized and the Board has embarked upon an intensive awareness campaign.

Regular awareness programmes are conducted in tourist and pilgrimage centres The Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forest notified

the Plastics Manufacture, Sale and Usage Rules, 1999 as amended


under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to ensure that carry bags and containers used for packing food stuff is not made of recycled plastics

The Board has issued consent to operate for 1732 plastic products manufacturing units.
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AMBIENT AIR QUALITY MONITORING


National AAQMP State AAQMP Town No of stations 5 5 --

Sl.No

Town

No of stations 3 3 3

1 2 3

Chennai Coimbatore Thoothukudi

Chennai Tiruchi --

4
5

Madurai
Salem

3
1

---

--33

VECHICLE EMISSION MONITORING

The TNPCB is carrying out the vehicle emission monitoring since 1992 for testing the emissions from goods transport vehicles in and around Chennai city in

three locations at Alandur (now located at Ambattur


w.e.f. 8-12-2005), Madhavaram and Ambattur.

Emissions under control certificate are issued to only

those vehicles which comply with the emission


standards.

In addition, 78 private agencies have been authorized

by the Transport Department in Chennai urban


agglomeration area to check the emission levels of the vehicles.
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WATER QUALITY MONITORING

The TNPCB is monitoring the inland water quality under two major programmes namely, Monitoring of Indian National Aquatic Resources (MINARS). Global Environmental Monitoring System (GEMS).

Under MINARS programme, the rivers Thamiraparani, Palar

and Vaigai and lakes such as Udhgamandalam, Kodaikanal


and Yercaud are being monitored.

Under GEMS and MINARS programmes, river Cauvery is being monitored. The programmes are funded by the Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi.
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MONITORING OF CHENNAI CITY WATERWAYS

Chennai city is traversed by four waterways namely the


Cooum, Adyar, Buckingham Canal and Otteri nullah.

The TNPCB is monitoring these water ways to assess the


level of pollution by collecting water samples every month both at water bodies and industrial outlets.

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ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING INSTITUTE

An Environmental Training Institute (ETI) has been established with financial assistance from DANIDA, Denmark in the year 1994 at the

Corporate office, Guindy, Chennai.

It is guided by a Steering Committee chaired by Chairman, TNPCB. It has got an Advisory Council to deliberate on course development, evolve training plan etc., The main objective of the training institute is to impart training to the target groups comprising of Industries, Board officials, other

Government organisations, NGOs .


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ENVRONMENTAL AWARENESS AND PUBLIC PARTICIPATION

An awareness cell is established in the head office, Guindy, Chennai to promote environmental awareness. Various

awareness campaigns, workshops, rallies are being conducted


regularly to highlight important environmental issues.

Special

awareness campaigns

are conducted against air and noise pollution during festival seasons such as Deepavali and Bhogi.

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GIS ACTIVITIES

CPCB conceived the Zoning Atlas Programme in 1994 in Collaboration with the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) under the World Bank funded Environmental Management Capacity Building Project (EMCB).

TNPCB has prepared the Projects on District Environmental Atlas, District Zoning Atlas and District specific Guidelines for Coimbatore, Vellore, Thoothukudi, Thiruvallur, Kancheepuram, Villupuram, Cuddalore, Erode, Salem, Karur, Madurai, Namakkal, and Trichy districts.

TNPCB has prepared the projects on Environmental Management Plan for Chennai City and State Environmental Atlas

TNPCB has also taken up the projects on District Environmental Atlas, District Zoning Atlas and District specific Guidelines for Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar and Dindigul Districts.

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CETP PROGRAMME

The TNPCB plays an important role in the establishment of Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs) for clusters of small scale industries in various parts of the State.

Small scale industries often express financial difficulties, lack of space


and other reasons which prevent them from putting up required individual effluent treatment plant.

The Board assists the units in mobilization of financial resources and in the technical scrutiny of the proposals for the common effluent treatment plants.

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CETP

Reverse Osmosis Plant

Mechanical Evaporator Unit


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CETP SCHEMES
FINANCIAL PATTERN OF CETP SCHEMES

Subsidy by Central Government Subsidy by State Government Beneficiaries Contribution

25% of the project cost 25% of the project cost 20% of the project cost by way of share capital collections.

Financial Institution Assistance

Balance by way of loans from the Financial Institutions such as IDBI. (30% of project cost)

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EXISTING CETP SCHEMES


Sl. No 1 Sector Tannery No of CETPs in operation 15

Textile

31

Hotel

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CLEANER TECHNOLOGIES

The TNPCB is involved in promoting a holistic approach of environment protection

by going in for cleaner technologies options


rather than end of pipe treatment.

With the adoption of cleaner technologies; there has been progress in waste recovery and waste minimization.

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CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY
Industrial activities, without proper precautionary measures for
environmental protection are known to cause pollution and associated problems.

Commitment and voluntary initiatives of industry for responsible care


of the environment will help in building a partnership for pollution control. The Charter is a commitment for partnership and participatory action of the concerned stakeholders.

The Charter is also a road map for progressive improvement in


environmental management systems. Thus, it is not necessarily limited to compliance of end-of-the-pipe effluent and emission

standards.

In the 17 category of industries the targets set in the Charter are


ahead of effluent and emission standards.
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GREEN COVER PROGRAMME

As a measure of pollution abatement and mitigation of the ill effects of pollution, industries have been directed to develop 25% of their land area as green belt with trees having a thick canopy cover.

Accordingly, industries have taken action to plant adequate number of trees in and around industrial

premises. Development of green belt is ensured


through Consent mechanism in the Board.
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COMPLAINT CELL

Due to the increased environmental awareness and awareness on Pollution Control Legislations, several complaints are being received

from various individuals / organisations / NGOs etc., regarding water,


air, noise and vehicular pollution.

To take appropriate action against these complaints, an active Complaint cell is functioning in the head office, Chennai. For easy access of the public and others, a separate telephone number 22353153 is allotted for receiving complaints and guidance. The same information is hosted on the Boards website.
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LEGAL ACTIONS

The Board has issued 44,482 show cause notices and 6,815 closure orders to industrial units for not complying with the conditions

stipulated by the Board.

The Board has filed 321 cases under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 as amended and 134 cases under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 as amended

against the erring industries for the contravention of pollution


control laws.
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