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Sorption Properties Enhancement of Composites: Hygroscopic Thickness Swelling Aileen Grace M.

Ongkiko
MS Materials Science & Engineering Department of Mining, Metallurgical & Materials Engineering College of Engineering UP Diliman Click to edit Master subtitle style 28 March 2011 National Engineering Center UP Diliman

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MSE 282 Composite

Wood fiber/polymer composites

Wood fiber/polymer composite is manufactured by dispersing wood particles into molten plastic with coupling agent or additives to form composite material through various techniques of processing such as extrusion, compression or injection As moulding. compared to polymers, higher Better dimensional stability and mechanical properties, thermal durability against biostability and more resistance to deterioration as compared to ultraviolet light and degradation. wood. 3/24/13

Thickness Swelling Stages of Wood Composites

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Shi and Gardner (2005) Thickness swelling (TS) = f(specimen


thickness)
T T

Relative swelling rate DECLINES linearly; INCREASE in board thickness

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Fabrication of Wood fiber/polymer composite & Hygroscopic Thickness Swelling Test


Shi and Gardner (2005)

Thermomechanical fibers pulping (TMP): 75% aspen & 25% other hardwoods Polymer fluff: polyurethane, polypropylene, poly(vinyl chloride), acrylonitrile, butadiene/styrene (ABS); processed from reclaimed automobile polymer mixtures pMDI Polymeric diphenylmethane diisocyanate

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Effect of ambient environment on the hygroscopic thickness swelling rate


Shi and Gardner (2005)

1. The swelling model fits the experimental data quite well for most of the cases.

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Effect of ambient environment on the hygroscopic thickness swelling rate


Shi and Gardner (2005)

2. The thickness swelling of wood fiber/polymer composites was about 30% lower than that of the wood fiberboard.

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Effect of ambient environment on the hygroscopic thickness swelling rate


Shi and Gardner (2005)

3. The higher the temperature, the greater the swelling rates of the composites.
0 0 0 0

0 0

Woodfiberboard

Activation energy Wood fiberboard: 14.91KJ/mole Wood fiber/polymer composite: 13.33 KJ/mole Temperature have less effect on the swelling rate for wood fiber/polymer composites than that for neat wood fiberboard.
Woodfiber/Polymer Composite

K R S
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

T em perature(C)

Relations hip of tem pera ture a nd s welling ra te of the wood fiberb oard and wood fib er/p olym er com p os ites .

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Effect of ambient environment on the hygroscopic thickness swelling rate


Shi and Gardner (2005)

4. RH has a significant effect on the hygroscopic thickness swelling process of the wood fiber/polymer composites.
EMC RH Actual RHs in the experimental environment can possibly deviate from the target RHs; EMC was used to describe how RH affects the TS or the swelling rate Linear relationship between TS and EMC

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Effect of ambient environment on the hygroscopic thickness swelling rate


Shi and Gardner (2005)

5. Hygroscopic thickness swelling rate has a poor relationship with RH for both samples.
RH; greater concentration gradient for the moisture diffusion in the material RH; water vapor RH; Thickness swelling rate Specimens may be equilibrated in moisture quicker & less time is needed for the specimen to attain the equilibrium thickness. As the RH INCREASES, the swelling rate DECREASES

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Effect of ambient environment on the hygroscopic thickness swelling rate


Shi and Gardner (2005)

6. Higher RH and lower swelling rate the better the prediction obtained from the swelling model.
The specimens with a higher swelling rate would have more potential to have more inner debonding or damage changing the mode of moisture uptake. Change in pure diffusion controlled swelling to a swelling including fracture inside the specimen which may induce more error in the swelling model prediction. 3/24/13 Higher RH, more water molecules are present in the environment & the more hygroscopic aspect contributed to the hygroscopic thickness swelling process

Characteristics of Shi and Gardner Model

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Reference
Shi, S.Q. and D.J. Gardner. 2006. Hygroscopic thickness swelling rate of compression molded fiberboard and wood fiber/polymer composites. Composites: Part A, 37, pp. 1276-1285.

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